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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775768/canine-pet-dog-tumor-microsurgery-and-intratumoral-concentration-and-safety-of-metronomic-chlorambucil-for-spontaneous-glioma-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#1
R Timothy Bentley, Stephanie A Thomovsky, Margaret A Miller, Deborah W Knapp, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
INTRODUCTION: Metronomic (daily low-dose) chlorambucil requires further study before implementation in human glioma. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the distribution and safety of metronomic chlorambucil in naturally occurring canine glioma. METHODS: Eight client-owned (pet) dogs with newly diagnosed spontaneous glioma were prospectively enrolled. Chlorambucil was administered preoperatively at 4 mg/m2 q 24hr for ≥ 3 days, and continued postoperatively until death or dose-limiting adverse events...
May 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775732/il4-10-fusion-protein-has-chondroprotective-anti-inflammatory-and-potentially-analgesic-effects-in-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis
#2
C Steen-Louws, J Popov-Celeketic, S C Mastbergen, K Coeleveld, C E Hack, N Eijkelkamp, M Tryfonidou, S Spruijt, J A G van Roon, F P J G Lafeber
OBJECTIVE: Effective disease-modifying drugs for osteoarthritis (DMOAD) should preferably have chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity combined in a single molecule. We developed a fusion protein of IL4 and IL10 (IL4-10 FP), in which the biological activity of both cytokines is preserved. The present study evaluates the chondroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity of IL4-10 FP in in vitro and in vivo models of osteoarthritis. METHODS: Human osteoarthritic cartilage tissue and synovial tissue were cultured with IL4-10 FP...
May 15, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775481/widespread-anatoxin-a-detection-in-benthic-cyanobacterial-mats-throughout-a-river-network
#3
Keith Bouma-Gregson, Raphael M Kudela, Mary E Power
Benthic algae fuel summer food webs in many sunlit rivers, and are hotspots for primary and secondary production and biogeochemical cycling. Concerningly, riverine benthic algal assemblages can become dominated by toxic cyanobacteria, threatening water quality and public health. In the Eel River in Northern California, over a dozen dog deaths have been attributed to cyanotoxin poisonings since 2000. During the summers of 2013-2015, we documented spatial and temporal patterns of cyanotoxin concentrations in the watershed, showing widespread distribution of anatoxin-a in benthic cyanobacterial mats...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774849/zooanthroponotic-transmission-of-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-brazil
#4
Miriam R Fernandes, Fábio P Sellera, Quézia Moura, Marcelo P N Carvalho, Paula N Rosato, Louise Cerdeira, Nilton Lincopan
We recovered VIM-2 carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from an infected dog, its owner, and the domestic environment. Genomic investigation revealed household transmission of the high-risk hospital clone sequence type 233 in the human-animal-environment interface. Results suggest zooanthroponotic transmission of VIM-2-producing P. aeruginosa in the household following the patient's hospital discharge.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774848/human-pasteurella-multocida-infection-with-likely-zoonotic-transmission-from-a-pet-dog-spain
#5
Fátima Abreu, Carlos Rodríguez-Lucas, M Rosario Rodicio, Ana I Vela, José Francisco Fernández-Garayzábal, Pilar S Leiva, Fernando Cuesta, Dolores Cid, Javier Fernández
We report a case of urinary tract infection caused by an unusual genotype (sequence type 211) of Pasteurella multocida associated with human infection. Molecular genetic analysis of P. multocida isolates obtained from the human patient and his pet strongly suggests a zoonotic transmission of this bacterium.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774845/brucella-suis-infection-in-dog-fed-raw-meat-the-netherlands
#6
Marloes A M van Dijk, Marc Y Engelsma, Vanessa X N Visser, Marcel A H Spierenburg, Marjolijn E Holtslag, Peter T J Willemsen, Jaap A Wagenaar, Els M Broens, Hendrik I J Roest
A Brucella suis biovar 1 infection was diagnosed in a dog without typical exposure risks, but the dog had been fed a raw meat-based diet (hare carcasses imported from Argentina). Track and trace investigations revealed that the most likely source of infection was the dog's raw meat diet.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774832/intense-focus-of-alveolar-echinococcosis-south-kyrgyzstan
#7
Bakhadyr Bebezov, Nurlan Mamashev, Tilek Umetaliev, Iskender Ziadinov, Philip S Craig, Deborah E Joekel, Peter Deplazes, Felix Grimm, Paul R Torgerson
Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a highly pathogenic zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis. An ultrasound study in southern Kyrgyzstan during 2012 revealed a prevalence of 4.2% probable or confirmed AE and an additional 2.2% possible AE, representing an emerging situation. The risk for probable or confirmed AE was significantly higher in dog owners.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774829/novel-parvovirus-related-to-primate-bufaviruses-in-dogs
#8
Vito Martella, Gianvito Lanave, Eszter Mihalov-Kovács, Szilvia Marton, Renáta Varga-Kugler, Eszter Kaszab, Barbara Di Martino, Michele Camero, Nicola Decaro, Canio Buonavoglia, Krisztián Bányai
A novel protoparvovirus species, related genetically to human bufaviruses, was identified in dogs with respiratory signs. The canine bufavirus was distantly related to the well-known canine protoparvovirus, canine parvovirus type 2, sharing low amino acid identities in the nonstructural protein 1 (40.6%) and in the capsid protein 1 (33.4%). By screening collections of fecal, nasal, and oropharyngeal samples obtained from juvenile dogs (<1 year of age), canine bufavirus DNA appeared as a common component of canine virome...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774422/heartworm-on-the-rise-new-insights-into-dirofilaria-immitis-epidemiology
#9
Martina Miterpáková, Dana Valentová, Viktória Čabanová, Ľudmila Berešíková
Until recently Dirofilaria immitis, the causative agent of serious canine heartworm disease, has been detected relatively infrequently in Central Europe in comparison with the predominant D. repens species. In the present study, the elevated number of heartworm cases among dogs from a breeding establishment in south-western Slovakia is described. Out of 25 dogs examined, dirofilariasis was detected by single or several diagnostic approaches in 18 animals, which represents a mean prevalence of 72.0%. D. immitis was confirmed in 16 (64...
May 17, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774304/arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-in-boxer-dogs-the-diagnosis-as-a-link-to-the-human-disease
#10
Annina S Vischer, David J Connolly, Caroline J Coats, Virginia Luis Fuentes, William J McKenna, Silvia Castelletti, Antonios A Pantazis
Background: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a myocardial disease with an increased risk for ventricular arrhythmias. The condition, which occurs in Boxer dogs, shares phenotypic features with the human disease arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) suggesting its potential as a natural animal model. However, there are currently no universally accepted clinical criteria to diagnose ARVC in Boxer dogs. We aimed to identify diagnostic criteria for ARVC in Boxer dogs defining a more uniform and consistent phenotype...
September 2017: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774295/serological-investigation-of-visceral-leishmania-infection-in-human-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-welkait-district-western-tigray-ethiopia
#11
Abrha Bsrat, Mebrahtu Berhe, Endalemaw Gadissa, Habtamu Taddele, Yohannes Tekle, Yohannes Hagos, Adugna Abera, Messele G/Micael, Tehetna Alemayhu, Getachew Gugsa, Abraham Aseffa
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is major neglected public health problem in terms of geographical spread and incidence in Ethiopia. Magnitude, public health impact and dynamics of VL were not well studied in Welkait District, Western Tigray, though the area is known for VL. Hence, this study aimed to determine sero-prevalence of human VL and associated risk factors in Welkait as new foci. A cross sectional study design was employed in this study. Two stage stratified random sampling method was used to select study participants...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774287/prevalence-of-gastrointestinal-helminth-infections-of-dog-in-enugu-state-south-eastern-nigeria
#12
I K Idika, E C Onuorah, C F Obi, P U Umeakuana, C O Nwosu, D N Onah, S N Chiejina
The prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth infections of dog in Enugu State, South Eastern Nigeria was studied retrospectively and prospectively. In the retrospective study, records of all diagnosed helminth infections of dogs brought to the University of Nigeria Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Nsukka from January, 2006 to September 2013 were collated and analyzed. The prospective study was carried out between October 2013 and July 2014 by examination of 263 faecal samples collected per rectum from dogs presented to a purposively selected Veterinary Clinics in Enugu metropolis and the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773684/when-fed-foods-with-similar-palatability-healthy-adult-dogs-and-cats-choose-different-macronutrient-compositions
#13
Jean A Hall, Jodi C Vondran, Melissa A Vanchina, Dennis E Jewell
Dogs and cats make short-term food choices based on palatability. We hypothesized that if palatability were masked, long-term food choices would be based on physiologic requirements, and circulating metabolite concentrations would reflect those choices. Four experimental foods with similar palatability, but varying in macronutrient composition, were prepared for healthy adult dogs (n=17) and cats (n=27). Food 1 was high protein; Food 2 was high fat; Food 3 was high carbohydrates; and Food 4 was balanced for macronutrients...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773136/molecular-characterization-of-echinococcus-species-in-dogs-from-four-regions-of-kenya
#14
Erastus Mulinge, Japhet Magambo, David Odongo, Sammy Njenga, Eberhard Zeyhle, Cecilia Mbae, Dorothy Kagendo, Francis Addy, Dennis Ebi, Marion Wassermann, Peter Kern, Thomas Romig
Cystic echinococcosis is endemic both in livestock and humans in many parts of Kenya. However, very little data exists on Echinococcus infections in dogs, and therefore their role in maintaining the transmission cycles and environmental contamination with eggs of Echinococcus species is unknown. The study aimed to establish the prevalence and distribution of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato causing infection in dogs in Kenya. A total of 1621 dog faecal samples were collected from the environment in four different regions and examined microscopically for the presence of taeniid eggs...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773132/leishmania-in-wolves-in-northern-spain-a-spreading-zoonosis-evidenced-by-wildlife-sanitary-surveillance
#15
Alvaro Oleaga, Stefania Zanet, Alberto Espí, Marcia Raquel Pegoraro de Macedo, Christian Gortázar, Ezio Ferroglio
Leishmaniosis is, to date, considered the second most important emerging vector-borne protozoal disease in the world after malaria. The form of zoonotic visceral leishmaniosis found in the Mediterranean basin is caused by Leishmania infantum, and its life cycle includes the domestic dog and a phlebotomine sandfly vector. This complex epidemiological cycle and its high prevalence of subclinical infection, hinder the surveillance and control of L. infantum, and allows it to go unnoticed at the geographical endemicity limits of the parasite or in recently colonized areas...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773127/taeniid-metacestodes-in-rangeland-goats-in-australia
#16
D J Jenkins, B Cowled, V Brookes
Data on several infections of sheep and goats, including parasite infections, are routinely collected during inspection of harvested rangeland goats after slaughter. This is an important role of the Australian National Sheep Health Monitoring Program (NSHMP). Our study investigated the presence of metacestodes of Taenia hydatigena, T. ovis and Echinococcus granulosus in slaughtered goats from Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia. During the period of the study (2007-2013) 374,580 goats were slaughtered and inspected by trained abattoir meat inspectors as part of the NSHMP...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772978/outcomes-of-the-addition-of-pasireotide-to-traditional-adrenal-directed-treatment-for-dogs-with-pituitary-dependent-hyperadrenocorticism-secondary-to-macroadenoma-9-cases-2013-2015
#17
Maya Lottati, David S Bruyette
OBJECTIVE To evaluate clinical signs, endocrine test results, and pituitary tumor size for dogs with medically managed pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) and macroadenoma following 6 months of concurrent treatment with pasireotide. DESIGN Prospective case series. ANIMALS 9 client-owned dogs with PDH and macroadenoma in which PDH had been successfully managed with adrenal-directed treatment (trilostane or mitotane). PROCEDURES Dogs were given pasireotide (0.03 mg/kg [0.014 mg/lb], SC, q 12 h) for 6 months, while adrenal-directed treatment was continued...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772976/effects-of-storage-conditions-and-duration-on-cobalamin-concentration-in-serum-samples-from-cats-and-dogs
#18
Jennifer Kempf, Roger H Melliger, Claudia E Reusch, Peter H Kook
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of storage conditions and duration on cobalamin concentration in serum samples from dogs and cats. DESIGN Experiment. SAMPLE Serum samples from 9 client-owned cats and 9 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Serum harvested from freshly obtained blood samples was separated into 11 aliquots/animal. One aliquot (baseline sample) was routinely transported in light-protected tubes to the laboratory for cobalamin assay; each of the remaining aliquots was stored in a refrigerator (6°C; n = 5) or at room temperature (20°C) with exposure to daylight (5) for 24, 48, 72, 96, or 120 hours...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772973/evaluation-of-metronomic-cyclophosphamide-chemotherapy-as-maintenance-treatment-for-dogs-with-appendicular-osteosarcoma-following-limb-amputation-and-carboplatin-chemotherapy
#19
Arata Matsuyama, Courtney R Schott, Geoffrey A Wood, Danielle Richardson, J Paul Woods, Anthony J Mutsaers
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of metronomic cyclophosphamide (MC) chemotherapy (primary treatment of interest) with adjuvant meloxicam administration as maintenance treatment for dogs with appendicular osteosarcoma following limb amputation and carboplatin chemotherapy. DESIGN Retrospective case series with nested cohort study. ANIMALS 39 dogs with a histologic diagnosis of appendicular osteosarcoma that underwent limb amputation and completed carboplatin chemotherapy from January 2011 through December 2015...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772969/case-control-study-of-plasma-mean-platelet-component-concentration-and-survival-analysis-for-dogs-with-immune-mediated-hemolytic-anemia
#20
Andrea Zoia, Magda Gerou-Ferriani, Michele Drigo, Marco Caldin
OBJECTIVE To determine whether dogs with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) had a low plasma mean platelet component (MPC) concentration and whether MPC was associated with outcome. DESIGN Retrospective case-control study and survival analysis. ANIMALS 95 dogs with IMHA (cases) as well as 95 healthy dogs and 95 sick dogs without IMHA (controls) matched to cases by age, reproductive status, and breed. PROCEDURES Plasma MPC concentration at initial examination was compared among groups. For dogs with IMHA only, sex, age, serum urea and bilirubin concentrations, Hct, platelet count, and plasma fibrinogen, D-dimer, and MPC concentrations were evaluated for associations with survival to 42 days after initial examination...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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