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Prenatal probiotics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868221/what-s-new-in-atopic-eczema-an-analysis-of-systematic-reviews-published-in-2014-part-2-treatment-and-prevention
#1
REVIEW
A Lloyd-Lavery, N K Rogers, S J Hatfield, D Grindlay, R Barnett, K S Thomas
This review forms part of a series of annual updates that summarize the evidence base for atopic eczema (AE). It provides a summary of key findings from 12 systematic reviews (SRs) that were published or indexed during 2014, and focuses on the treatment and prevention of AE. For an update of SRs on the epidemiology, mechanisms of disease and methodological issues, see Part 1 of this update. Although phototherapy and various systemic medications (including ciclosporin, azathioprine and methotrexate) are commonly used to treat AE, many of these have not been robustly assessed in head-to-head randomized controlled trials...
November 21, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696418/impact-of-a-novel-synbiotic-supplementation-during-gestation-and-lactation-on-immune-responses-in-the-swiss-albino-mice-offspring
#2
Himaja Nallagatla, Rajkumar Hemalatha, Narendra Babu Kondapalli, Shujauddin Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Prebiotics from various regularly consumed cereals and novel substrates are currently being utilised as functional foods. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of synbiotic, formulated with prebiotic extracted from natural resources like green gram (Vigna radiata) along with probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) in modulating immune responses in the offspring when supplemented during gestation and lactation. RESULTS: Synbiotic supplementation was effective in improving cell mediated immunity and humoral immunity among F0 dams...
October 3, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661618/community-pharmacists-views-and-practices-regarding-natural-health-products-sold-in-community-pharmacies
#3
Ubaka Ogbogu, Candace Necyk
BACKGROUND: Reports of regulatory and evidentiary gaps have raised concerns about the marketing and use of natural health products (NHPs). The majority of NHPs offered for sale are purchased at a community pharmacy and pharmacists are "front-line" health professionals involved in the marketing and provision of NHPs. To date, the involvement of pharmacists in pharmacy care involving NHPs and the degree to which concerns over the safety, efficacy, marketing and regulation of NHPs are addressed in pharmacy care in Canada have not been studied...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417220/environmental-risk-factors-and-their-role-in-the-management-of-atopic-dermatitis
#4
Robert Kantor, Jonathan I Silverberg
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of atopic dermatitis (AD) is multifactorial with interaction between genetics, immune and environmental factors. AREAS COVERED: We review the role of prenatal exposures, irritants and pruritogens, pathogens, climate factors, including temperature, humidity, ultraviolet radiation, outdoor and indoor air pollutants, tobacco smoke exposure, water hardness, urban vs. rural living, diet, breastfeeding, probiotics and prebiotics on AD. Expert commentary: The increased global prevalence of AD cannot be attributed to genetics alone, suggesting that evolving environmental exposures may trigger and/or flare disease in predisposed individuals...
July 15, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416628/dietary-strategies-for-primary-prevention-of-atopic-diseases-what-do-we-know
#5
REVIEW
Anna Lis-Święty, Dorota Milewska-Wróbel, Irmina Janicka
The paper refers to the recently published empirical data and systematic reviews on the impact of diets, foods, nutrients and bioactive substance exposures in pregnancy and in early infancy, on the development of atopic disorders. The results of studies referring to a broad range on dietary factors are mostly conflicting. There are several limitations of these researches. Based on the existing information, it is not possible to establish the role of antioxidants and vitamin D supplementation in atopic disease development...
January 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937896/probiotics-for-prevention-of-atopy-and-food-hypersensitivity-in-early-childhood-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Guo-Qiang Zhang, Hua-Jian Hu, Chuan-Yang Liu, Qiao Zhang, Shristi Shakya, Zhong-Yue Li
Most studies investigated probiotics on food hypersensitivity, not on oral food challenge confirmed food allergy in children. The authors systematically reviewed the literature to investigate whether probiotic supplementation prenatally and/or postnatally could reduce the risk of atopy and food hypersensitivity in young children.PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and 4 main Chinese literature databases (Wan Fang, VIP, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and SinoMed) were searched for randomized controlled trials regarding the effect of probiotics on the prevention of allergy in children...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909656/epigenome-microbiome-crosstalk-a-potential-new-paradigm-influencing-neonatal-susceptibility-to-disease
#7
Rene Cortese, Lei Lu, Yueyue Yu, Douglas Ruden, Erika C Claud
Preterm birth is the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory bowel disease affecting primarily premature infants, which can be lethal. Microbial intestinal colonization may alter epigenetic signatures of the immature gut establishing inflammatory and barrier properties predisposing to the development of NEC. We hypothesize that a crosstalk exists between the epigenome of the host and the initial intestinal colonizing microbiota at critical neonatal stages...
March 3, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26725748/risk-factors-in-autism-thinking-outside-the-brain
#8
REVIEW
Lauren Matelski, Judy Van de Water
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complex neurodevelopmental conditions that have been rising markedly in prevalence for the past 30 years, now thought to affect 1 in 68 in the United States. This has prompted the search for possible explanations, and has even resulted in some controversy regarding the "true" prevalence of autism. ASD are influenced by a variety of genetic, environmental, and possibly immunological factors that act during critical periods to alter key developmental processes. This can affect multiple systems and manifests as the social and behavioral deficits that define these disorders...
February 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26689229/probiotics-for-allergy-prevention
#9
C E West
Probiotics, given either as a supplement or in infant foods, have been evaluated in randomised controlled trials for allergy prevention. Here, the aim is to give an overview of the results from these primary prevention studies and to discuss current strategies. In most studies, single strains or a mixture of strains of lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria have been used--prenatally, postnatally or perinatally. Several meta-analyses have reported a moderate benefit of probiotics for eczema prevention, and the most consistent effect has been observed with a combined perinatal intervention in infants at high risk of allergic disease due to familial predisposition...
2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26645351/lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-supplementation-during-critical-windows-of-gestation-influences-immune-phenotype-in-swiss-albino-mice-offspring
#10
N Himaja, R Hemalatha, K Narendra Babu, M Shujauddin
Probiotic supplementation during critical windows of gestation might have a significant influence on the infant's immune phenotype. Swiss albino mice (F0 generation) aged 31 days were supplemented orally with probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG); and the supplementation was continued throughout mating, gestation and lactation. The pups (F1 generation) born to them were separated post weaning and received either the same probiotic supplementation as their mothers or were denied supplementation postnatally...
2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26472040/supplement-use-by-women-during-pregnancy-data-from-the-massachusetts-general-hospital-national-pregnancy-registry-for-atypical-antipsychotics
#11
Marlene P Freeman, Alexandra Z Sosinsky, Danna Moustafa, Adele C Viguera, Lee S Cohen
Women of reproductive age commonly use integrative treatments. However, the reproductive safety for most complementary products lacks systematic study. We aimed to study the use of supplements by women in a prospective pregnancy registry. The Massachusetts General Hospital National Pregnancy Registry for Atypical Antipsychotics was established to evaluate the reproductive safety of atypical antipsychotics. Exposed and control participants were systematically queried about the use of vitamins and supplements...
June 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26413489/early-probiotics-to-prevent-childhood-metabolic-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#12
Haribalakrishna Balasubramanian, Sanjay Patole
AIM: To conduct a systematic review of studies on early probiotic supplementation to prevent childhood metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: Using the Cochrane systematic review strategy we searched PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and the conference proceedings of the Pediatric American Society meetings and trial registries in December 2014. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non RCTs of probiotic supplementation to the mother and/or infant for a minimum duration of 4 wk were selected...
September 26, 2015: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26175488/potential-role-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-in-programming-health-and-disease
#13
REVIEW
Olivier Goulet
The composition of the microbiota varies according to prenatal events, delivery methods, infant feeding, infant care environment, and antibiotic use. Postnatal gut function and immune development are largely influenced by the intestinal microbiota. Emerging evidence has shown that early microbiota colonization may influence the occurrence of later diseases (microbial programming). The vast majority of microbial species (commensals) give rise to symbiotic host-bacterial interactions that are fundamental for human health...
August 2015: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25391939/gut-brain-link-grabs-neuroscientists
#14
Sara Reardon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2014: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25264881/probiotics-preventive-effect-on-pediatric-food-allergy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Xiang-yi Kong, Yi Yang, Jian Guan, Ren-zhi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the preventive effect of probiotics on pediatric food allergy. METHODS: From MEDLINE bibliographical database, we searched and reviewed all randomized controlled trials on the preventive effects of probiotics on pediatric food allergies up to September 2013 and excluded the studies that do not meet inclusion criteria and extracted the data. Meta-analysis for the results of homogenous studies was performed using RevMan 5.0 and the co-effect was pooled by using fixed-effects model of relative risk (RR) ratios...
September 2014: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25145752/altered-brain-gut-axis-in-autism-comorbidity-or-causative-mechanisms
#16
REVIEW
Emeran A Mayer, David Padua, Kirsten Tillisch
The concept that alterated communications between the gut microbiome and the brain may play an important role in human brain disorders has recently received considerable attention. This is the result of provocative preclinical and some clinical evidence supporting early hypotheses about such communication in health and disease. Gastrointestinal symptoms are a common comorbidity in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), even though the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. In addition, alteration in the composition and metabolic products of the gut microbiome has long been implicated as a possible causative mechanism contributing to ASD pathophysiology, and this hypothesis has been supported by several recently published evidence from rodent models of autism induced by prenatal insults to the mother...
October 2014: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25056226/effects-of-bifidobacterial-supplementation-to-pregnant-women-and-infants-in-the-prevention-of-allergy-development-in-infants-and-on-fecal-microbiota
#17
Tadao Enomoto, Masanori Sowa, Keiji Nishimori, Shinichiro Shimazu, Akira Yoshida, Kazuko Yamada, Fukumi Furukawa, Takemasa Nakagawa, Naotake Yanagisawa, Noriyuki Iwabuchi, Toshitaka Odamaki, Fumiaki Abe, Jiro Nakayama, Jin-Zhong Xiao
BACKGROUND: Probiotic administration may be a useful method for preventing allergies in infants; however, there have been controversial results about the efficacy. We investigated the effects of bifidobacterial supplementation on the risk of developing allergic diseases in the Japanese population. METHODS: In an open trial, we gave Bifidobacterium breve M-16V and Bifidobacterium longum BB536 prenatally to 130 mothers beginning 1 month prior to delivery and postnatally to their infants for 6 months...
December 2014: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24902123/comparative-probiotic-strain-efficacy-in-the-prevention-of-eczema-in-infants-and-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Joseph A Mansfield, Samuel W Bergin, James R Cooper, Cara H Olsen
BACKGROUND: Eczema affects 3.5% of the global population, with peak prevalence during infancy. Eczema has no cure, but probiotics have been suggested as a preventative measure. OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively analyze the impact of prenatal and postnatal probiotic supplementation on the prevention of infantile and childhood eczema. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PubMed were searched for randomized controlled trials regarding probiotic usage and eczema development from 1945 to 2013...
June 2014: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24754328/feasibility-of-oral-prenatal-probiotics-against-maternal-group-b-streptococcus-vaginal-and-rectal-colonization
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lisa Hanson, Leona Vandevusse, Megan Duster, Simone Warrack, Nasia Safdar
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of an oral prenatal probiotic on group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization and to demonstrate the feasibility of a larger randomized controlled trial. DESIGN: This pilot study was an open-label, two-group quasi-experiment. SETTING: An urban central city nurse-midwifery and wellness center serving a diverse population. PARTICIPANTS: Ten pregnant participants received the oral probiotic (Florajen3) taken once daily, and 10 participants served as controls...
May 2014: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24741851/-do-prenatal-probiotics-lower-the-risk-for-the-development-of-atopic-eczema-in-children
#20
Rika Rausch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
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