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Permanent Makeup

S W Nho, S-J Kim, O Kweon, P C Howard, M S Moon, N K Sadrieh, C E Cerniglia
AIMS: Tattooing and use of permanent makeup (PMU) has dramatically increased over the last decade, with a concomitant increase in ink-related infections. The aim of this study was to determine whether micro-organisms are present, and if so, the number and their identification in the commercial tattoo and PMU inks available in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: We surveyed 85 unopened tattoo and PMU inks, purchased from 13 companies. We incubated 100 μl of ink samples on trypticase soy agar plates for bacterial growth, 7H10 Middlebrook medium for mycobacterial growth, and Sabouraud dextrose medium for fungal growth...
May 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Evan Davison-Kotler, Vaibhav Sharma, Norbert Venantius Kang, Elena García-Gareta
The complexity of the dermal layer of skin means that damage to this section can result in permanent impairment of function. Partial or total dermal loss is a feature of deep burns and chronic wounds such as pressure sores or diabetic ulcers. The issues posed by traditional skin grafts have led to substantial research being carried out in the fields of tissue engineering and biomaterials science to develop a vast array of alternative skin substitutes. Given the large number of different materials, manufacturing methods, and techniques for implementation described for artificial skin substitutes, many classification systems have been created to simplify their categorization...
February 12, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
Takanori Iwayama, Takeshi Fukumoto, Nobuyuki Horita, Masanobu Sakaguchi, Masahiro Oka, Hiroto Terashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
M Schmidt, K Serror, M Chaouat, M Mimoun, D Boccara
OBJECTIVE: Permanent hypopigmentation of burn scars is a common consequence after partial and full thickness burns that heal by secondary intent, and they can cause severe aesthetic issues. The surgical goals for effective treatment of postburn hypopigmentation are to remove scar tissues, and to produce healthy melanocytes, with minimal donor site morbidity. This article reviews the current literature about the different ways to treat hypopigmentation following burn injuries and discusses the indications...
November 15, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
A Lorgeou, Y Perrillat, N Gral, S Lagrange, J-P Lacour, T Passeron
BACKGROUND: Q-switched nanosecond lasers demonstrated their efficacy in treating most types of tattoos, but complete disappearance is not always achieved even after performing numerous laser sessions. Picosecond lasers are supposed to be more efficient in clearing tattoos than nanosecond lasers, but prospective comparative data remain limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare on different types of tattoos the efficacy of a nanosecond laser with two types of picosecond lasers...
February 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Christina Hamisch, Philipp Kickingereder, Matthias Fischer, Thorsten Simon, Maximilian I Ruge
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have shed light on the molecular makeup of diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas and led to the identification of potential treatment targets for these lesions, which account for the majority of pediatric brainstem tumors (pedBSTs). Therefore, stereotactic biopsy-driven molecular characterization of pedBSTs may become an important prerequisite for the management of these fatal brain tumors. The authors conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis to precisely determine the safety and diagnostic success of stereotactic biopsy of pedBSTs...
September 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
S G Narayana, F S Schenkel, A Fleming, A Koeck, F Malchiodi, J Jamrozik, J Johnston, M Sargolzaei, F Miglior
The objective of this study was to investigate genetic variability of mid-infrared predicted fatty acid groups in Canadian Holstein cattle. Genetic parameters were estimated for 5 groups of fatty acids: short-chain (4 to 10 carbons), medium-chain (11 to 16 carbons), long-chain (17 to 22 carbons), saturated, and unsaturated fatty acids. The data set included 49,127 test-day records from 10,029 first-lactation Holstein cows in 810 herds. The random regression animal test-day model included days in milk, herd-test date, and age-season of calving (polynomial regression) as fixed effects, herd-year of calving, animal additive genetic effect, and permanent environment effects as random polynomial regressions, and random residual effect...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Lien Verhulst, An Goossens
Immediate skin reactions are common in dermatological practice, but may often be overlooked. The main objective of this article is to provide an update of the literature concerning immediate-type reactions or contact urticaria/contact urticaria syndrome caused by cosmetic ingredients in terms of immediate clinical symptoms, positive reactions following open, scratch or, most often, prick testing, and sometimes the detection of specific IgE antibodies. To this end, a selective search in different medical literature databases was performed...
December 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Iris Grossman, Volker Knappertz, Daphna Laifenfeld, Colin Ross, Ben Zeskind, Sarah Kolitz, David Ladkani, Liat Hayardeny, Pippa Loupe, Ralph Laufer, Michael Hayden
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, progressive, disabling disorder characterized by immune-mediated demyelination, inflammation, and neurodegenerative tissue damage in the central nervous system (CNS), associated with frequent exacerbations and remissions of neurologic symptoms and eventual permanent neurologic disability. While there are several MS therapies that are successful in reducing MS relapses, none have been effective in treating all patients. The specific response of an individual patient to any one of the MS therapies remains largely unpredictable, and physicians and patients are forced to use a trial and error approach when deciding on treatment regimens...
May 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
Sumanth K Veeraganta, Ravindra C Savadi, Kusai Baroudi, Mohammad Z Nassani
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose was to investigate the differences in tooth shade value according to age, gender and skin color among a sample of the local population in Bengaluru, India. METHODOLOGY: The study comprised 100 subjects belonging to both gender between the age groups of 16 years to 55 years. Tooth shade values of permanent maxillary left or right central incisors were recorded using the Vitapan 3D-Master shade guide. Skin color was matched using the Radiance compact makeup shades as a guide...
April 2015: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Jostein Gohli, Tina Selvarajah, Lawrence R Kirkendall, Bjarte H Jordal
BACKGROUND: Invasive species can have devastating effects on native ecosystems and therefore impose a significant threat to human welfare. The introduction rate of invasive species has accelerated dramatically in recent times due to human activity (anthropogenic effects), with a steadily growing pool of widespread tramp species. We present an in-depth analysis of four pantropical species of Xyleborus ambrosia beetles (Xyleborus volvulus, Xyleborus perforans, Xyleborus ferrugineus, and Xyleborus affinis) with similar ecology (fungus cultivation in dead wood), reproductive biology (permanent inbreeding) and genetic system (haplodiploidy)...
2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Julia Mader, Antonio Gallo, Tim Schommartz, Wiebke Handke, Claus-Henning Nagel, Patrick Günther, Wolfram Brune, Kristian Reich
BACKGROUND: Chronic infections with herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 are highly prevalent in populations worldwide and cause recurrent oral lesions in up to 40% of infected subjects. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the antiviral activity of a defined Spirulina platensis microalga extract and of purified calcium spirulan (Ca-SP), a sulfated polysaccharide contained therein. METHODS: The inhibitory effects of HSV-1 were assessed by using a plaque reduction assay and quantitative PCR in a susceptible mammalian epithelial cell line and confirmed in human keratinocytes...
January 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
E A Pudova, M L Markelov, V G Dedkov, T A Tchekanova, A I Sadjin, N P Kirdiyashkina, M V Bekova, A A Deviyatkin
The necessity of development of methods of genic diagnostic of cholera is conditioned by continuation of the Seventh pandemic of cholera, taxonomic variability of strains of Vibrio cholerae involved into pandemic and also permanent danger of delivery of disease to the territory of the Russian Federation. The methods of genic diagnostic of cholera make it possible in a comparatively short time to maximally minutely characterize strains isolated from patients or their environment. The article presents information about working out reagents set for genetic typing of agents of cholera using DNA-chip...
May 2014: Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika
K T Chandrashekara, Sonam Popli, M N Shakarad
Organismal lifespan is a complex trait that is governed by both its genetic makeup as well as the environmental conditions. The improved socioeconomic condition of humans has led to many lifestyle changes that in turn have altered the demography that includes postponement of procreation. Late age progeny is shown to suffer from many congenital diseases. Hence, there is a need to identify and evaluate natural molecules that could enhance reproductive health span. We have used the well-established model organism, Drosophila melanogaster, and ascertained the consequence of diet supplementation with curcumin...
2014: Age (2005-)
Alberto Goldman, Uwe Wollina
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic tattoo that is used to enhance one's appearance, and which has become more popular among middle-aged and elderly women. A couple of benefits seem to be associated with permanent tattoos in the elderly: saving time (wake up with makeup); poor eyesight (difficult to apply makeup); and saving money. On the other hand, cosmetic tattoos bear the same risks as other tattoo procedures. We report on fading and unintended hyperpigmentation after tattooing on eyebrows and eyelids, and discuss the scientific and anatomical background behind the possible cause...
2014: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Martin D Batstone, Carly M Fox, Mary E Dingley, C Peter Cornelius
Free flap reconstruction of the head and neck is a widespread procedure. The aesthetic outcome is frequently compromised by color mismatch between the donor site skin and the complex pigmentation of the face. Various surgical procedures have been described to improve the appearance of external skin paddles. Medical tattooing is commonly used for nipple pigmentation in breast reconstruction and cosmetic procedures such as permanent makeup. This article describes the technique and its application to head and neck reconstruction...
March 2013: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Claudio Fiocchi
To discuss a cure for IBD, one should first define the concept 'a cure'. If it is intended as the general restoration of health, this is already possible, as many current therapies do a good job in inducing long periods of remission in Crohn's disease, and colectomy can technically cure ulcerative colitis. If it is more strictly defined as the complete and permanent elimination of the cause, predisposing and permissive factors, reinstatement of normal microbial ecology and restoration of mucosal immune homeostasis, then a cure for IBD is out of reach, at least for now...
2012: Digestive Diseases
Mehrnoosh Jafari, Jonna Soerensen, Renée Marie Bogdanović, Leda Dimou, Magdalena Götz, Heidrun Potschka
In the epileptic brain, seizures can increase hippocampal neurogenesis, while opposingly seizure-associated brain pathology has been shown to detrimentally affect neurogenesis. The long-term impact of recurrent seizures on the number of new neurons as well as their relative contribution to the granule cell layer remains an open question. Therefore we analyzed neuron addition based on genetic fate mapping in a chronic model of epilepsy comparing non-kindled animals and kindled animals having at least one generalized seizure with and without further seizures...
December 2012: Neurobiology of Disease
Wayne G Wamer, Jun-Jie Yin
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a pigment widely used in decorative tattoo and permanent makeup inks. However, little is known about the risks associated with its presence in these products. We have developed an in vitro assay to identify inks containing TiO2 that are cytotoxic and/or photocytotoxic. The presence of TiO2 in ten permanent makeup inks was established by X-ray fluorescence. Using X-ray diffraction, we found that seven inks contained predominately TiO2 (anatase), the more photocatalytically active crystalline form of TiO2...
November 2011: Journal of Cosmetic Science
Johnny C Mao, Louis M DeJoseph
The goal of this article is to reveal the latest techniques and advances in laser removal of both amateur and professional tattoos, as well as cosmetic tattoos and permanent makeup. Each pose different challenges to the removing physician, but the goal is always the same: removal without sequelae. The authors' technique is detailed, and discussion of basic principles of light reflection, ink properties, effects of laser energy and heat, and outcomes and complications of tattoo removal are presented.
May 2012: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
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