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Permanent Makeup

Lien Verhulst, An Goossens
Immediate skin reactions are common in dermatological practice, but may often be overlooked. The main objective of this article is to provide an update of the literature concerning immediate-type reactions or contact urticaria/contact urticaria syndrome caused by cosmetic ingredients in terms of immediate clinical symptoms, positive reactions following open, scratch but, most often, prick testing, and sometimes the detection of specific IgE antibodies. To this end, a selective search in different medical literature databases was performed...
September 4, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
Iris Grossman, Volker Knappertz, Daphna Laifenfeld, Colin Ross, Ben Zeskind, Sarah Kolitz, David Ladkani, Liat Hayardeny, Pippa Loupe, Ralph Laufer, Michael Hayden
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, progressive, disabling disorder characterized by immune-mediated demyelination, inflammation, and neurodegenerative tissue damage in the central nervous system (CNS), associated with frequent exacerbations and remissions of neurologic symptoms and eventual permanent neurologic disability. While there are several MS therapies that are successful in reducing MS relapses, none have been effective in treating all patients. The specific response of an individual patient to any one of the MS therapies remains largely unpredictable, and physicians and patients are forced to use a trial and error approach when deciding on treatment regimens...
March 4, 2016: Progress in Neurobiology
Sumanth K Veeraganta, Ravindra C Savadi, Kusai Baroudi, Mohammad Z Nassani
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose was to investigate the differences in tooth shade value according to age, gender and skin color among a sample of the local population in Bengaluru, India. METHODOLOGY: The study comprised 100 subjects belonging to both gender between the age groups of 16 years to 55 years. Tooth shade values of permanent maxillary left or right central incisors were recorded using the Vitapan 3D-Master shade guide. Skin color was matched using the Radiance compact makeup shades as a guide...
April 2015: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Jostein Gohli, Tina Selvarajah, Lawrence R Kirkendall, Bjarte H Jordal
BACKGROUND: Invasive species can have devastating effects on native ecosystems and therefore impose a significant threat to human welfare. The introduction rate of invasive species has accelerated dramatically in recent times due to human activity (anthropogenic effects), with a steadily growing pool of widespread tramp species. We present an in-depth analysis of four pantropical species of Xyleborus ambrosia beetles (Xyleborus volvulus, Xyleborus perforans, Xyleborus ferrugineus, and Xyleborus affinis) with similar ecology (fungus cultivation in dead wood), reproductive biology (permanent inbreeding) and genetic system (haplodiploidy)...
2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Julia Mader, Antonio Gallo, Tim Schommartz, Wiebke Handke, Claus-Henning Nagel, Patrick Günther, Wolfram Brune, Kristian Reich
BACKGROUND: Chronic infections with herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 are highly prevalent in populations worldwide and cause recurrent oral lesions in up to 40% of infected subjects. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the antiviral activity of a defined Spirulina platensis microalga extract and of purified calcium spirulan (Ca-SP), a sulfated polysaccharide contained therein. METHODS: The inhibitory effects of HSV-1 were assessed by using a plaque reduction assay and quantitative PCR in a susceptible mammalian epithelial cell line and confirmed in human keratinocytes...
January 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
E A Pudova, M L Markelov, V G Dedkov, T A Tchekanova, A I Sadjin, N P Kirdiyashkina, M V Bekova, A A Deviyatkin
The necessity of development of methods of genic diagnostic of cholera is conditioned by continuation of the Seventh pandemic of cholera, taxonomic variability of strains of Vibrio cholerae involved into pandemic and also permanent danger of delivery of disease to the territory of the Russian Federation. The methods of genic diagnostic of cholera make it possible in a comparatively short time to maximally minutely characterize strains isolated from patients or their environment. The article presents information about working out reagents set for genetic typing of agents of cholera using DNA-chip...
May 2014: Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika
K T Chandrashekara, Sonam Popli, M N Shakarad
Organismal lifespan is a complex trait that is governed by both its genetic makeup as well as the environmental conditions. The improved socioeconomic condition of humans has led to many lifestyle changes that in turn have altered the demography that includes postponement of procreation. Late age progeny is shown to suffer from many congenital diseases. Hence, there is a need to identify and evaluate natural molecules that could enhance reproductive health span. We have used the well-established model organism, Drosophila melanogaster, and ascertained the consequence of diet supplementation with curcumin...
2014: Age (2005-)
Alberto Goldman, Uwe Wollina
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic tattoo that is used to enhance one's appearance, and which has become more popular among middle-aged and elderly women. A couple of benefits seem to be associated with permanent tattoos in the elderly: saving time (wake up with makeup); poor eyesight (difficult to apply makeup); and saving money. On the other hand, cosmetic tattoos bear the same risks as other tattoo procedures. We report on fading and unintended hyperpigmentation after tattooing on eyebrows and eyelids, and discuss the scientific and anatomical background behind the possible cause...
2014: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Martin D Batstone, Carly M Fox, Mary E Dingley, C Peter Cornelius
Free flap reconstruction of the head and neck is a widespread procedure. The aesthetic outcome is frequently compromised by color mismatch between the donor site skin and the complex pigmentation of the face. Various surgical procedures have been described to improve the appearance of external skin paddles. Medical tattooing is commonly used for nipple pigmentation in breast reconstruction and cosmetic procedures such as permanent makeup. This article describes the technique and its application to head and neck reconstruction...
March 2013: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Claudio Fiocchi
To discuss a cure for IBD, one should first define the concept 'a cure'. If it is intended as the general restoration of health, this is already possible, as many current therapies do a good job in inducing long periods of remission in Crohn's disease, and colectomy can technically cure ulcerative colitis. If it is more strictly defined as the complete and permanent elimination of the cause, predisposing and permissive factors, reinstatement of normal microbial ecology and restoration of mucosal immune homeostasis, then a cure for IBD is out of reach, at least for now...
2012: Digestive Diseases
Mehrnoosh Jafari, Jonna Soerensen, Renée Marie Bogdanović, Leda Dimou, Magdalena Götz, Heidrun Potschka
In the epileptic brain, seizures can increase hippocampal neurogenesis, while opposingly seizure-associated brain pathology has been shown to detrimentally affect neurogenesis. The long-term impact of recurrent seizures on the number of new neurons as well as their relative contribution to the granule cell layer remains an open question. Therefore we analyzed neuron addition based on genetic fate mapping in a chronic model of epilepsy comparing non-kindled animals and kindled animals having at least one generalized seizure with and without further seizures...
December 2012: Neurobiology of Disease
Wayne G Wamer, Jun-Jie Yin
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is a pigment widely used in decorative tattoo and permanent makeup inks. However, little is known about the risks associated with its presence in these products. We have developed an in vitro assay to identify inks containing TiO2 that are cytotoxic and/or photocytotoxic. The presence of TiO2 in ten permanent makeup inks was established by X-ray fluorescence. Using X-ray diffraction, we found that seven inks contained predominately TiO2 (anatase), the more photocatalytically active crystalline form of TiO2...
November 2011: Journal of Cosmetic Science
Johnny C Mao, Louis M DeJoseph
The goal of this article is to reveal the latest techniques and advances in laser removal of both amateur and professional tattoos, as well as cosmetic tattoos and permanent makeup. Each pose different challenges to the removing physician, but the goal is always the same: removal without sequelae. The authors' technique is detailed, and discussion of basic principles of light reflection, ink properties, effects of laser energy and heat, and outcomes and complications of tattoo removal are presented.
May 2012: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Daniel J Mayor, Barry Thornton, Steve Hay, Alain F Zuur, Graeme W Nicol, Jenna M McWilliam, Ursula F M Witte
Deep-sea sediments cover ~70% of Earth's surface and represent the largest interface between the biological and geological cycles of carbon. Diatoms and zooplankton faecal pellets naturally transport organic material from the upper ocean down to the deep seabed, but how these qualitatively different substrates affect the fate of carbon in this permanently cold environment remains unknown. We added equal quantities of (13)C-labelled diatoms and faecal pellets to a cold water (-0.7 °C) sediment community retrieved from 1080 m in the Faroe-Shetland Channel, Northeast Atlantic, and quantified carbon mineralization and uptake by the resident bacteria and macrofauna over a 6-day period...
September 2012: ISME Journal
Y S Pei, W Guo, Z F Yang
This work focused on the integrated process of the recirculating cooling water (RCW) treatment to achieve approximate zero emission in the coal chemical industry. The benefits of fractional and comprehensive RCW treatment were quantified and qualified by using a water and mass balance approach. Limits of cycle of concentrations and some encountered bottlenecks were used to ascertain set target limits for different water sources. Makeup water was mixed with water produced from reverse osmosis (RO) in the proportion of 6:4, which notably reduced salts discharge...
2011: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
A M Prasad, K Ramnarayan, K Nalini, K L Bairy
BACKGROUND: Treatment of cancers with cytotoxic agents such as tyrosine kinase inhibiting drugs often, but not always, result in transient to permanent testicular dysfunction. Germ cells are important targets of many chemicals. Most of the drugs are genotoxins and induce irreversible effect on genetic makeup. These mutagenic changes are proportionally related to carcinogenesis. This is alarmingly dangerous in youth and children, since these effects last longer, affecting fertility or forming basis for carcinogenesis...
July 2011: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
F B Jordán de Urríes, M A Verdugo
OBJECTIVE: To know the situation of Sheltered Employment Centers (CEE) in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. METHOD: A quantitative approach was developed by using a questionnaire which was sent to all the CEE. With this questionnaire we got information about the performance level of CEE. A qualitative approach was developed too by using an interview applied to a representative sample of users. With the interview we got information about users' perception and satisfaction...
2011: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Stefano Giulieri, Benoit Morisod, Timothy Edney, Micaela Odman, Daniel Genné, Raffaele Malinverni, Catherine Hammann, Enrico Musumeci, Cathy Voide, Gilbert Greub, Eric Masserey, Jacques Bille, Matthias Cavassini, Katia Jaton
We report a Mycobacterium haemophilum outbreak after permanent make-up of the eyebrows performed by the same freelance artist. Twelve patients presented an eyebrow lesion and cervical lymphadenitis. All were treated with antibiotics. Surgery was required in 10 cases. M. haemophilum DNA was identified in the make-up ink.
February 15, 2011: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Athanasia Tourlaki, Vinicio Boneschi, Diego Tosi, Paolo Pigatto, Lucia Brambilla
Cosmetic tattooing involves implantation of pigments into the dermis in order to create a permanent makeup. Here, we report a case of sarcoidal granulomatous reaction to old cosmetic tattoos after an intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment for facial skin rejuvenation. We consider this case as a peculiar example of photo-induced reaction to tattoo. In addition, we hypothesize that an underlying immune dysfunction was present, and acted as a predisposing factor for this unusual response, as the patient had suffered from an episode of acute pulmonary sarcoidosis 15 years before...
October 2010: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Myrna L Armstrong, Jana C Saunders, Alden E Roberts
Aging for the older women in the 21st century is more than medical issues. In this study, 62 women (ages 51-81+) obtained a total of 97 permanent makeup procedures. Procurement cues included self-improvement and friend's appearance, consistent with internal, external, and appearance perspectives of body image. Poor eyesight was also of concern (14/23%). Actual benefits included saving makeup time and money (external), while achieving personal goals (internal). This study seems to confirm that for these older women, body image remains important, especially qualities of the face...
2009: Journal of Women & Aging
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