keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cats

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922740/antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-spp-isolated-from-food
#1
Łukasz Mąka, Magdalena Popowska
This review summarizes current data on resistance among Salmonella spp. isolates of food origin from countries in different regions of the world. The mechanisms of resistance to different groups of antimicrobial compounds are also considered. Among strains resistant to quinolones and/or fluoroquinolones the most prevalent mechanism is amino acid substitutions in quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of genes gyrA, parC but mechanism of growing importance is plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) associated with genes qnrA, qnrB, qnrC, qnrD, qnrS but frequency of their detection is different...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921397/nitric-oxide-induced-by-polyamines-involves-antioxidant-systems-against-chilling-stress-in-tomato-lycopersicon-esculentum-mill-seedling
#2
Qian-Nan Diao, Yong-Jun Song, Dong-Mei Shi, Hong-Yan Qi
Polyamines (PAs) and nitric oxide (NO) are vital signals in modulating plant response to abiotic stress. However, to our knowledge, studies on the relationship between NO and PAs in response to cold stress in tomato are limited. Accordingly, in this study, we investigated the effects of putrescine (Put) and spermidine (Spd) on NO generation and the function of Spd-induced NO in the tolerance of tomato seedling under chilling stress. Spd increased NO release via the nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-like and nitrate reductase (NR) enzymatic pathways in the seedlings, whereas Put had no such effect...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921131/multi-biomarker-responses-after-exposure-to-pollution-in-the-mediterranean-mussels-mytilus-galloprovincialis-l-in-the-aegean-coast-of-turkey
#3
Dilara Ozkan, Melih Dagdeviren, Selma Katalay, Adem Guner, N Ülkü Karabay Yavaşoğlu
In this study, sublethal effects on the Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis L.) collected from the Aegean coast of Turkey were determined. Enzymes such as glutathione-S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE), metallothionein (MT) mRNA expressions, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) contents, determination of 14 heavy metals and micronucleus frequency were selected as multibiomarkers. Results show that heavy metals and an increase in the level of MT gene expression have been determined in tissues of mussels collected from all stations...
December 5, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920408/asthma-and-other-allergic-diseases-among-saudi-schoolchildren-in-najran-the-need-for-a-comprehensive-intervention-program
#4
Jobran M Alqahtani
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, an increasing incidence of allergic diseases has been associated with increasing morbidity and mortality in children and young adults. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with allergic diseases among Saudi schoolchildren in the southwestern Saudi region of Najran, and to determine the sensitization of patients to a set of allergens. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919823/nerve-growth-factor-carbon-nanotube-complex-exerts-prolonged-protective-effects-in-an-in-vitro-model-of-ischemic-stroke
#5
Parichehr Hassanzadeh, Elham Arbabi, Fatemeh Atyabi, Rassoul Dinarvand
AIMS: The therapeutic potential of nerve growth factor (NGF) against the neurological disorders may be negatively affected by its short half-life. Based on the superior properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for controlled drug delivery, we aimed to prepare CNT-NGF complex and evaluate its effect in an in vitro model of ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs)-NGF complex was prepared using amino-functionalized COOH-MWCNTs and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy...
December 2, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919804/prevalence-of-giardia-duodenalis-assemblages-and-sub-assemblages-in-symptomatic-patients-from-damascus-city-and-its-suburbs
#6
Dania Skhal, Ghalia Aboualchamat, Ayman Al Mariri, Samar Al Nahhas
Giardia duodenalis is one of the most important human enteric parasites worldwide and is endemic throughout the world with a vast range of mammalian hosts. However, there is limited information on the prevalent genetic variability of G. duodenalis in Syria. This study aimed to evaluate the predominance of G. duodenalis assemblages/sub-assemblages causing humans infection in the city of Damascus and its suburbs. 40 symptomatic giardiasis patients were recruited in this study. Fecal samples were genotyped using PCR/RFLP assay targeting the β-giardin and glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) genes...
December 2, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919727/patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-cats-felis-catus-50-cases-2000-2015
#7
A Bascuñán, K M Thieman Mankin, A B Saunders, J M Bright, V Scharf, A Singh, L O'Sullivan, B Brisson, A H Estrada, S P Tou, C Ruoff
OBJECTIVES: To describe signalment, clinical characteristics, diagnostic, treatment, and outcome data in a large case series of cats with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). ANIMALS: Fifty cats with confirmed PDA. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records from five referral veterinary hospitals for cats with PDA between 2000 and 2015. Cats were included if a PDA was visualized echocardiographically, during surgery, or on post-mortem examination...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919636/adrenomedullin-and-angiotensin-ii-signaling-pathways-involved-in-the-effects-on-cerebellar-antioxidant-enzymes-activity
#8
Figueira Leticia, Israel Anita
Human adrenomedullin (AM) is a 52-amino acid peptide involved in cardiovascular control. AM has two specific receptors formed by the calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR) and receptor activity-modifying protein (RAMP) 2 or 3, known as AM1 and AM2 receptors, respectively. In addition, AM has appreciable affinity for the calcitonin gene-1 related peptide receptor (CGRP1), composed of CRLR/RAMP1. In brain, AM and their receptors are expressed in several localized areas, including the cerebellum. AM has been reported as an antioxidant...
December 2, 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919498/association-between-exposure-to-farm-animals-and-pets-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Dylan Siejka, Bruce Taylor, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Terence Dwyer, Ingrid van der Mei
PURPOSE: There exists inconsistent evidence regarding animals including pets as risk factors for the development of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). We investigated the association between farm animals and pets as possible environmental factors in MS development. METHODS: Population based case-control study with 136 clinically definite MS cases and 272 controls randomly chosen from the community matched on sex and age. Data was collected from both questionnaire and a lifetime calendar detailing residence, occupation and pet/animal exposure over the course of participant's lives...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919269/comparison-of-voluntary-food-intake-and-palatability-of-commercial-weight-loss-diets-in-healthy-dogs-and-cats
#10
Marie Anne Hours, Emmanuelle Sagols, Ariane Junien-Castagna, Alexandre Feugier, Delphine Moniot, Ingrid Daniel, Vincent Biourge, Serisier Samuel, Yann Queau, Alexander J German
BACKGROUND: Obesity in dogs and cats is usually managed by dietary energy restriction using a purpose-formulated weight loss diet, but signs of hunger and begging commonly occur causing poor owner compliance. Altering diet characteristics so as to reduce voluntary food intake (VFI) can improve the likelihood of success, although this should not be at the expense of palatability. The aim of the current study was to compare the VFI and palatibility of novel commercially available canine and feline weight loss diets...
December 5, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918918/esr-dating-of-smilodon-populator-from-toca-de-cima-dos-pil%C3%A3-o-piau%C3%A3-brazil
#11
Angela Kinoshita, Michelle Mollemberg, William Santana, Ana Maria G Figueiredo, Niede Guidon, Maria de Fátima da Luz, Claude Guérin, Oswaldo Baffa
Smilodon is a genus of big cats that lived from the early to the late Pleistocene in regions extending from North to South America. The fossil records of the "saber-toothed cats" are uneven, with some taxa being quite abundant in certain regions. In Brazil, Smilodon populator is a well-known species whose remains, although scarce in comparison to other large mammals, are found all across the country. In particular, there are multiple records of this species in the region of the Serra da Capivara National Park...
November 22, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918890/differential-expression-on-mitochondrial-tryparedoxin-peroxidase-mtctxnpx-in-trypanosoma-cruzi-after-ferrocenyl-diamine-hydrochlorides-treatments
#12
Andréa A N Kohatsu, Flávia A J Silva, Acácio I Francisco, Aline Rimoldi, Marco T A Silva, Maria D Vargas, João A da Rosa, Regina M B Cicarelli
Resistance to benznidazole in certain strains of Trypanosoma cruzi may be caused by the increased production of enzymes that act on the oxidative metabolism, such as mitochondrial tryparedoxin peroxidase (mTcTXNPx) which catalyses the reduction of peroxides. This work presents cytotoxicity assays performed with ferrocenyl diamine hydrochlorides in six different strains of T. cruzi epimastigote forms (Y, Bolivia, SI1, SI8, QMII, and SIGR3). The last four strains have been recently isolated from triatominae and mammalian host (domestic cat)...
December 2, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918737/influence-of-bethanechol-on-salivary-parameters-in-irradiated-patients
#13
C Carrara-Cotomacio, L Campos, A Simões, G Chagas-Jaguar, E-M Crosato, F Abreu-Alves
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown evidence that the prophylactic use of bethanechol chloride (BC) may be useful in preventing the incidence and/or severity of xerostomia (XT). However, the indication of BC in irradiated patients with XT needs to be better characterized. The study aimed to evaluate the influence of BC on XT, salivary flow rate, and salivary composition in patients previously submitted to head and neck radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty five irradiated patients complaining of XT used 50 mg/day of BC for 3 months, and the salivary parameters were evaluated in 4 Phases (Before BC therapy, after one month of BC, 2 months of BC, and 3 months of BC)...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918653/perinatal-hypothyroidism-modulates-antioxidant-defence-status-in-the-developing-rat-liver-and-heart
#14
Hongmei Zhang, Yan Dong, Qing Su
In the present study, we investigated oxidative stress parameters and antioxidant defence status in perinatal hypothyroid rat liver and heart. We found that the proteincarbonyl content did not differ significantly between the three groups both in the pup liver and in the heart. The OH˙ level was significantly decreased in the hypothyroid heart but not in the liver compared with controls. A slight but not significant decrease in SOD activity was observed in both perinatal hypothyroid liver and heart. A significantly increased activity of CAT was observed in the liver but not in the heart of hypothyroid pups...
October 15, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918152/computed-tomographic-characteristics-of-the-thyroid-glands-in-eight-hyperthyroid-cats-pre-and-postmethimazole-treatment-compared-with-seven-euthyroid-cats
#15
Jennifer L Bush, Sarah Nemanic, Jana Gordon, Gerd Bobe
Hyperthyroidism is the most common feline endocrinopathy; thyroid computed tomography (CT) may improve disease detection and methimazole dose selection. Objectives of this experimental pre-post with historical case-control study were to perform thyroid CT imaging in awake or mildly sedated hyperthyroid cats, compare thyroid gland CT appearance in euthyroid and hyperthyroid cats pre- and postmethimazole treatment, and determine whether thyroid size or attenuation correlate with methimazole dose needed for euthyroidism...
December 5, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917958/functional-complexity-emerging-from-anatomical-constraints-in-the-brain-the-significance-of-network-modularity-and-rich-clubs
#16
Gorka Zamora-López, Yuhan Chen, Gustavo Deco, Morten L Kringelbach, Changsong Zhou
The large-scale structural ingredients of the brain and neural connectomes have been identified in recent years. These are, similar to the features found in many other real networks: the arrangement of brain regions into modules and the presence of highly connected regions (hubs) forming rich-clubs. Here, we examine how modules and hubs shape the collective dynamics on networks and we find that both ingredients lead to the emergence of complex dynamics. Comparing the connectomes of C. elegans, cats, macaques and humans to surrogate networks in which either modules or hubs are destroyed, we find that functional complexity always decreases in the perturbed networks...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917836/the-crystal-structure-of-dihydrodipicolinate-reductase-from-the-human-pathogenic-bacterium-bartonella-henselae-strain-houston-1-at-2-3%C3%A2-%C3%A3-resolution
#17
Ali R Cala, Maria T Nadeau, Jan Abendroth, Bart L Staker, Alexandra R Reers, Anthony W Weatherhead, Renwick C J Dobson, Peter J Myler, André O Hudson
In bacteria, the second committed step in the diaminopimelate/lysine anabolic pathways is catalyzed by the enzyme dihydrodipicolinate reductase (DapB). DapB catalyzes the reduction of dihydrodipicolinate to yield tetrahydrodipicolinate. Here, the cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analysis of DapB from the human-pathogenic bacterium Bartonella henselae, the causative bacterium of cat-scratch disease, are reported. Protein crystals were grown in conditions consisting of 5%(w/v) PEG 4000, 200 mM sodium acetate, 100 mM sodium citrate tribasic pH 5...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917283/protective-effects-of-nimodipine-and-lithium-against-aluminum-induced-cell-death-and-oxidative-stress-in-pc12-cells
#18
Jamileh Saberzadeh, Mehdi Omrani, Mohammad Ali Takhshid
OBJECTIVES: The role of aluminum (Al) in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases has been implicated in several studies. However, the exact mechanisms of cytotoxic effects of Al have not been elucidated yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of L-type calcium channel antagonist, nimodipine (NM), and lithium chloride (LiCl) on Al-induced toxicity in PC12 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PC12 cells were treated with Al-maltolate (Almal) in the presence and absence of different concentrations of NM (50-150 μm) and/or LiCl (0...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916916/aniline-induces-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-of-primary-cultured-hepatocytes
#19
Yue Wang, Hong Gao, Xiao-Lin Na, Shu-Ying Dong, Hong-Wei Dong, Jia Yu, Li Jia, Yong-Hui Wu
The toxicity and carcinogenicity of aniline in humans and animals have been well documented. However, the molecular mechanism involved in aniline-induced liver toxicity and carcinogenesis remains unclear. In our research, primary cultured hepatocytes were exposed to aniline (0, 1.25, 2.50, 5.0 and 10.0 μg/mL) for 24 h in the presence or absence of N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC). Levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH), activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), mitochondrial membrane potential, DNA damage, cell viability, and apoptosis were detected...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916558/role-of-carvacrol-in-cardioprotection-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-through-activation-of-mapk-erk-and-akt-enos-signaling-pathways
#20
Yunping Chen, Lina Ba, Wei Huang, Yan Liu, Hao Pan, E Mingyao, Pilong Shi, Ye Wang, Shuzhi Li, Hanping Qi, Hongli Sun, Yonggang Cao
Carvacrol (CAR) is a compound isolated from some essential oils, many studies have demonstrated its therapeutic potential on different diseases. This study aims to evaluate the protective effect of CAR against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Male adult rats underwent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in I/R models. Rats were treated with CAR after LAD. The levels of I/R- induced infarct size, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac functional impairment were examined...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
5738
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"