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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672186/atherosclerosis-of-the-carotid-bulb-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-orthostatic-hypotension-in-non-diabetic-adult-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yusuke Kobayashi, Hiroaki Ishiguro, Tetsuya Fujikawa, Hideo Kobayashi, Koichiro Sumida, Minako Kagimoto, Yuki Okuyama, Yosuke Ehara, Mari Katsumata, Megumi Fujita, Akira Fujiwara, Sanae Saka, Keisuke Yatsu, Nobuhito Hirawa, Yoshiyuki Toya, Gen Yasuda, Satoshi Umemura, Kouichi Tamura
BACKGROUND: The carotid bulb has a high density of baroreceptors that play an important role in maintaining blood pressure. We hypothesized that atherosclerosis of the carotid bulb would reflect the severity of orthostatic hypotension more accurately than would atherosclerosis of other carotid artery segments. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 198 non-diabetic adults. We measured the cardio-vascular ankle index as an index of arterial stiffness, intima-media thickness in each carotid artery segment (internal carotid artery, carotid bulb, distal and proximal portions, respectively, of the common carotid artery) as a measure of atherosclerosis, and heart rate variability as a measure of cardiac autonomic function...
April 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661162/the-cold-pressor-test-in-interictal-migraine-patients-different-parasympathetic-pupillary-response-indicates-dysbalance-of-the-cranial-autonomic-nervous-system
#2
Ozan E Eren, Ruth Ruscheweyh, Christoph Schankin, Florian Schöberl, Andreas Straube
BACKGROUND: Data on autonomic nervous system (ANS) activations in migraine patients are quite controversial, with previous studies reporting over- and underactivation of the sympathetic as well as parasympathetic nervous system. In the present study, we explicitly aimed to assess the cranial ANS in migraine patients compared to healthy controls by applying the cold pressor test to a cohort of migraine patients in the interictal phase and measuring the pupillary response. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, a strong sympathetic stimulus was applied to 20 patients with episodic migraine in the interictal phase and 20 matched controls without migraine, whereby each participant dipped the left hand into ice-cold (4 °C) water for a maximum of 5 min (cold pressor test)...
April 16, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659479/oral-dysbiotic-communities-and-their-implications-in-systemic-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Preethi Sudhakara, Abishek Gupta, Anshumouli Bhardwaj, Aruni Wilson
The human body supports the growth of a wide array of microbial communities in various niches such as the oral cavity, gastro-intestinal and urogenital tracts, and on the surface of the skin. These host associated microbial communities include yet-un-cultivable bacteria and are influenced by various factors. Together, these communities of bacteria are referred to as the human microbiome. Human oral microbiome consists of both symbionts and pathobionts. Deviation from symbiosis among the bacterial community leads to “dysbiosis”, a state of community disturbance...
April 16, 2018: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655953/risk-factors-predisposing-to-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-young-women-%C3%A2-45-years-of-age
#4
Maciej Bęćkowski, Marek Gierlotka, Mariusz Gąsior, Lech Poloński, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Rafał Dąbrowski, Jarosław Karwowski, Ilona Kowalik, Wojciech Drygas, Hanna Szwed
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are rare in young women. The purpose of this study was to characterize risk factors (RF) predisposing to ACS in young women and evaluate possible age-related differences. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1941 young women with ACS aged ≤45 years (≤45ACS) from the PL-ACS registry and compared them with two control groups: 4275 women aged 63-64 years with ACS (63-64ACS) from the PL-ACS registry and 1170 young healthy women aged ≤45 years (≤45H) without confirmed coronary artery disease (CAD), from two national, representative, cross-sectional population health surveys, NATPOL 2011 and WOBASZ...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649983/ncx-db-a-unified-resource-for-integrative-analysis-of-the-sodium-calcium-exchanger-super-family
#5
Katrin Bode, Damien M O'Halloran
Na+ /Ca2+ exchangers are low-affinity high-capacity transporters that mediate Ca2+ extrusion by coupling Ca2+ efflux to the influx of Na+ ions. The Na+ /Ca2+ exchangers form a super-family comprised of three branches each differing in ion-substrate selectivity: Na+ /Ca2+ exchangers (NCX), Na+ /Ca2+ /K+ exchangers, and Ca2+ /cation exchangers. Their primary function is to maintain Ca2+ homeostasis and play a particularly important role in excitable cells that experience transient Ca2+ fluxes. Research into the role and activity of Na+ /Ca2+ exchangers has focused extensively on the cardio-vascular system, however, growing evidence suggests that Na+ /Ca2+ exchangers play a key role in neuronal processes such as memory formation, learning, oligodendrocyte differentiation, neuroprotection during brain ischemia and axon guidance...
April 13, 2018: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644228/how-are-countries-dealing-with-their-current-cardio-vascular-disease-burden-a-snapshot-from-the-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-emr
#6
EDITORIAL
Asmus Hammerich
In recent years, a number of global commitments have been made in the area of noncommunicable diseases (NCD). These include the UN NCD Political Declaration in 2011, and the UN Comprehensive Review on NCDs and Outcome Document in 2014. Nine global targets have been agreed in the area of NCDs, and NCDs have been addressed in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Another UN high-level meeting will take place in September 2018 to assess country progress across the globe. At the regional level, a number of initiates have taken place to deliver on these global commitments...
March 14, 2018: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615540/can-serum-cystatin-c-predict-long-term-survival-in-cardiac-surgery-patients
#7
Valentina Rovella, Giulia Marrone, Mariarita Dessì, Michele Ferrannini, Nicola Toschi, Antonio Pellegrino, Maurizio Casasco, Nicola Di Daniele, Annalisa Noce
Renal dysfunction is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality in cardiac surgery patients. Serum Cystatin C (sCysC) is a well-recognized marker of early renal dysfunction but few reports evaluate its prognostic cardio-vascular role. The aim of the study is to consider the prognostic value of sCysC for cardiovascular mortality. Four hundred twenty-four cardiac-surgery patients (264 men and 160 women) were enrolled. At admission, all patients were tested for renal function and inflammatory status. Patients were subdivided in subgroups according to the values of the following variables: sCysC, serum Creatinine (sCrea), age, high sensitivity-C Reactive Protein, fibrinogen, surgical procedures and Kaplan-Meier cumulative survival curves were plotted...
March 27, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605673/high-fat-diet-exacerbates-early-psoriatic-skin-inflammation-independent-of-obesity-saturated-fatty-acids-as-key-players
#8
Diana Herbert, Sandra Franz, Yulia Popkova, Ulf Anderegg, Jürgen Schiller, Katharina Schwede, Axel Lorz, Jan C Simon, Anja Saalbach
In obesity, hypertrophic adipocytes secret high amounts of adipocytokines resulting in low-grade inflammation- amplified by infiltrating pro-inflammatory macrophages, oxidative stress, hypoxia and lipolysis. It is known, that these chronic pro-inflammatory conditions support the development of type II diabetes and cardio vascular diseases, while mechanisms of obesity-related exacerbation of inflammatory skin disorders like psoriasis are unclear. In this study, we uncover nutritional saturated fatty acids (SFAs) as major risk factors for the amplification of skin inflammation, independent of obesity-related parameters, like fat mass extension, adipocytokines and glucose homeostasis...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602796/survival-rate-and-predictors-of-mortality-in-patients-hospitalised-with-heart-failure-a-cohort-study-on-the-data-of-persian-registry-of-cardiovascular-disease-prove
#9
Mahshid Givi, Davood Shafie, Fatemeh Nouri, Mohammad Garakyaraghi, Ghasem Yadegarfar, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
OBJECTIVES: Heart failure (HF) has a high rate of hospitalisation and mortality. We examined its risk factors, survival rate and the predictors. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, demographic, clinical and treatment data of 1223 patients hospitalised with HF were extracted from the Persian Registry Of cardio Vascular diseasE (PROVE)/HF registry. Survival rate and HR and their association with other variables were assessed. RESULTS: 835 (68...
March 30, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601504/label-free-electrochemical-immunoassay-for-c-reactive-protein
#10
Madasamy Thangamuthu, Christian Santschi, Olivier J F Martin
C-reactive protein (CRP) is one of the most expressed proteins in blood during acute phase inflammation, and its minute level increase has also been recognized for the clinical diagnosis of cardio vascular diseases. Unfortunately, the available commercial immunoassays are labour intensive, require large sample volumes, and have practical limitations, such as low stability and high production costs. Hence, we have developed a simple, cost effective, and label-free electrochemical immunoassay for the measurement of CRP in a drop of serum sample using an immunosensor strip made up of a screen printed carbon electrode (SPE) modified with anti-CRP functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)...
March 30, 2018: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565984/severity-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-is-associated-with-subclinical-cerebro-cardiovascular-atherosclerosis-risk-in-korean-men
#11
Jung Eun Lee, Yong Jae Lee, Soo Yoon Chung, Hee Woo Cho, Byoung Jin Park, Dong Hyuk Jung
BACKGROUND: No studies have reported the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and concurrent cerebral artery and coronary artery atherosclerosis simultaneously. We aimed at determining whether NAFLD, as assessed by ultrasound, is associated with subclinical cerebro-cardio vascular atherosclerosis (CCVA) by multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT), and high resolution-magnetic resonance angiography (HR-MRA). This cross-sectional study included men in the general Korean population aged 20-70 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525568/a-new-assay-for-global-fibrinolysis-capacity-gfc-investigating-a-critical-system-regulating-hemostasis-and-thrombosis-and-other-extravascular-functions
#12
REVIEW
Jean Amiral, Maxime Laroche, Jerard Seghatchian
For many years, the importance of fibrinolysis has been recognized, first for its intravascular antithrombotic action, and more recently for its many extravascular activities, associated with matrix degradation and tissue remodeling. In the blood circulation system, fibrinolysis prevents thrombosis, and is associated with various biological and clinical situations: risk factors for cardio-vascular diseases in high risk clinical situations (type II diabetes, hypertension, triglycerides, high BMI, elevated glucose, etc...
February 20, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523409/dahanca-10-effect-of-darbepoetin-alfa-and-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-a-multicenter-open-label-randomized-phase-3-trial-by-the-danish-head-and-neck-cancer-group
#13
Jens Overgaard, Camilla Molich Hoff, Hanne Sand Hansen, Lena Specht, Marie Overgaard, Pernille Lassen, Elo Andersen, Jørgen Johansen, Lisbeth Juhler Andersen, Jan Folkvard Evensen, Jan Alsner, Cai Grau
PURPOSE: To evaluate if correction of low hemoglobin (Hb) levels by means of darbepoetin alfa improves the outcomes of radiotherapy in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients eligible for primary radiotherapy and who had Hb values below 14.0 g/dl were randomized to receive accelerated fractionated radiotherapy with or without darbepoetin alfa. Patients also received the hypoxic radiosensitizer nimorazole...
March 6, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499283/pharmacological-benefits-of-neferine-a-comprehensive-review
#14
REVIEW
Marthandam Asokan Shibu, M Ravichandran, M Shanmugavadivu, Bharath Kumar Velmurugan
This article recapitulates the existing in vitro and in vivo studies focusing on the effects of neferine-an alkaloid derivative of lotus plant, in various disease models and its effects on key signaling molecules. The review also compiles a large number of research studies that demonstrate methods for isolation and extraction, biosynthetic pathway, pharmacological activity and mode of action of neferine and their underlying mechanisms at cellular level. Neferine is a unique bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid that possesses a number of therapeutic effects such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-aging, anti-microbial, anti-thrombotic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-inflammatory and even anti-HIV...
February 27, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475243/the-impact-of-general-medical-conditions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Andrea Aguglia, Maria Salvina Signorelli, Umberto Albert, Giuseppe Maina
Objective: The co-occurrence of general medical conditions (GMCs) and major psychiatric disorders is well documented. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of GMCs in patients with a primary diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and, secondly, to investigate which clinical variables are associated with the presence of a GMC. Methods: Subjects with a primary diagnosis of OCD were included. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were collected...
February 22, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457208/children-deserve-smoke-free-world
#16
REVIEW
R Remesh Kumar, P R Jayakumar, R Krishna Mohan
Tobacco smoke, active or passive exposure was the major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the world during twentieth century and will continue to be the same in the twenty-first century also if the current trends continue. Both active and passive smoking are having significance in relation to child health. Exposure starts antenatally from placenta to the fetus and later phases through passive exposure to experimental and regular smoking and ultimately addiction and habitual smoking. Evidences are in favour of causal relationship with intrauterine growth restriction, sudden infant death syndrome, decreased pulmonary function, increased risk for respiratory tract infection, otitis media, wheeze, asthma, neurobehavioral disorders, cleft palate and triggering pathogenesis of fetal and childhood onset of adult diseases, especially pulmonary and cardio vascular diseases...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417018/lacunae-in-noncommunicable-disease-control-program-need-to-focus-on-adherence-issues
#17
Tarundeep Singh, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Gopal Singh Moond
Introduction: Chronic non communicable diseases in India have increased in magnitude with earlier onset and more likelihood of complications. Much emphasis is given to early diagnosis and timely treatment. Additionally, tertiary prevention through medication adherence is needed to limit disability and prevent early onset of complications. This study was aimed to assess the magnitude of medication and lifestyle adherence among elderly patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension in rural areas of Punjab...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408673/platelet-derived-microparticles-analysis-techniques-challenges-and-recommendations
#18
REVIEW
Jyotsna Kailashiya
Platelet-derived microparticles (PMP) are nano size fragments (100-1000 nm) released from platelets under various physiological and pathological conditions. PMP are the most abundant microparticles present in human blood. In recent past years PMP have caught attention of many clinicians as well as researchers for being associated with many diseases like cardio-vascular diseases, infections etc; and have emerged as potential biomarkers. Owing to their small size and diverse phenotype, structure and functions, microparticles including PMP render many challenges during sample handling, estimation and characterization...
February 2, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385774/an-advanced-bio-inspired-photoplethysmography-ppg-and-ecg-pattern-recognition-system-for-medical-assessment
#19
Francesco Rundo, Sabrina Conoci, Alessandro Ortis, Sebastiano Battiato
Physiological signals are widely used to perform medical assessment for monitoring an extensive range of pathologies, usually related to cardio-vascular diseases. Among these, both PhotoPlethysmoGraphy (PPG) and Electrocardiography (ECG) signals are those more employed. PPG signals are an emerging non-invasive measurement technique used to study blood volume pulsations through the detection and analysis of the back-scattered optical radiation coming from the skin. ECG is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin...
January 30, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365784/oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-response-genes-in-mirna-mediated-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-genome-crosstalk-associated-with-cardio-vascular-diseases
#20
Sofya Timofeeva, Elena Butenko, Dmitriy Romanov, Tatiana Shkurat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
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