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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457208/children-deserve-smoke-free-world
#1
REVIEW
R Remesh Kumar, P R Jayakumar, R Krishna Mohan
Tobacco smoke, active or passive exposure was the major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the world during twentieth century and will continue to be the same in the twenty-first century also if the current trends continue. Both active and passive smoking are having significance in relation to child health. Exposure starts antenatally from placenta to the fetus and later phases through passive exposure to experimental and regular smoking and ultimately addiction and habitual smoking. Evidences are in favour of causal relationship with intrauterine growth restriction, sudden infant death syndrome, decreased pulmonary function, increased risk for respiratory tract infection, otitis media, wheeze, asthma, neurobehavioral disorders, cleft palate and triggering pathogenesis of fetal and childhood onset of adult diseases, especially pulmonary and cardio vascular diseases...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417018/lacunae-in-noncommunicable-disease-control-program-need-to-focus-on-adherence-issues
#2
Tarundeep Singh, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Gopal Singh Moond
Introduction: Chronic non communicable diseases in India have increased in magnitude with earlier onset and more likelihood of complications. Much emphasis is given to early diagnosis and timely treatment. Additionally, tertiary prevention through medication adherence is needed to limit disability and prevent early onset of complications. This study was aimed to assess the magnitude of medication and lifestyle adherence among elderly patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension in rural areas of Punjab...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408673/platelet-derived-microparticles-analysis-techniques-challenges-and-recommendations
#3
REVIEW
Jyotsna Kailashiya
Platelet-derived microparticles (PMP) are nano size fragments (100-1000 nm) released from platelets under various physiological and pathological conditions. PMP are the most abundant microparticles present in human blood. In recent past years PMP have caught attention of many clinicians as well as researchers for being associated with many diseases like cardio-vascular diseases, infections etc; and have emerged as potential biomarkers. Owing to their small size and diverse phenotype, structure and functions, microparticles including PMP render many challenges during sample handling, estimation and characterization...
February 1, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385774/an-advanced-bio-inspired-photoplethysmography-ppg-and-ecg-pattern-recognition-system-for-medical-assessment
#4
Francesco Rundo, Sabrina Conoci, Alessandro Ortis, Sebastiano Battiato
Physiological signals are widely used to perform medical assessment for monitoring an extensive range of pathologies, usually related to cardio-vascular diseases. Among these, both PhotoPlethysmoGraphy (PPG) and Electrocardiography (ECG) signals are those more employed. PPG signals are an emerging non-invasive measurement technique used to study blood volume pulsations through the detection and analysis of the back-scattered optical radiation coming from the skin. ECG is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin...
January 30, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365784/oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-response-genes-in-mirna-mediated-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-genome-crosstalk-associated-with-cardio-vascular-diseases
#5
Sofya Timofeeva, Elena Butenko, Dmitriy Romanov, Tatiana Shkurat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362496/the-microrna-regulatory-landscape-of-msc-derived-exosomes-a-systems-view
#6
Scott W Ferguson, Jinli Wang, Christine J Lee, Maixian Liu, Sriram Neelamegham, John M Canty, Juliane Nguyen
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived exosomes mediate tissue regeneration in a variety of diseases including ischemic heart injury, liver fibrosis, and cerebrovascular disease. Despite an increasing number of studies reporting the therapeutic effects of MSC exosomes, the underlying molecular mechanisms and their miRNA complement are poorly characterized. Here we microRNA (miRNA)-profiled MSC exosomes and conducted a network analysis to identify the dominant biological processes and pathways modulated by exosomal miRNAs...
January 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332648/prevalence-of-chronic-respiratory-diseases-from-a-rural-area-in-kerala-southern-india
#7
Krishnaveni Viswanathan, P S Rakesh, Shibu Balakrishnan, A Shanavas, Varun Dharman
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity in developing countries. A community based survey was undertaken with an objective to estimate the prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases and to describe the profile of people with CRDs in the rural area Nilamel health block in Kollam district, Kerala, southern India. METHODS: A household information sheet and a translated respiratory symptom questionnaire based on International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) bronchial symptoms questionnaire was administered to 12,556 people above 15 years, selected randomly from Nilamel health block...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316724/biochemical-and-clinical-impact-of-organic-uremic-retention-solutes-a-comprehensive-update
#8
REVIEW
Raymond Vanholder, Anneleen Pletinck, Eva Schepers, Griet Glorieux
In this narrative review, the biological/biochemical impact (toxicity) of a large array of known individual uremic retention solutes and groups of solutes is summarized. We classified these compounds along their physico-chemical characteristics as small water-soluble compounds or groups, protein bound compounds and middle molecules. All but one solute (glomerulopressin) affected at least one mechanism with the potential to contribute to the uremic syndrome. In general, several mechanisms were influenced for each individual solute or group of solutes, with some impacting up to 7 different biological systems of the 11 considered...
January 8, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#9
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273182/-peripheral-arterial-disease-treatment
#10
Iléana Desormais, Victor Aboyans, Francis Pesteil, Philipe Lacroix
Medical management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients is aimed at limb symptom relief and reducing systemic major adverse events risk. For the first purpose: exercise therapy is recommended in case of claudication; multidisciplinary evaluation for surgical options is mandatory in case of critical limb ischaemia. Reducing cardiac and stroke risk can be achieved through: statin prescription in most of the cases; antiplatelet agents in symptomatic PAD patients; cardio-vascular risk factors control.
December 19, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226654/evaluation-of-hepcidin-and-atherosclerosis-in-dialysis-patients
#11
Victor Manolov, Julia Petrova, Boris Bogov, Savina Hadjidekova, Vasil Vasilev, Dyana Yonova, Maria Petrova, Todor Kunchev, Yavor Jelev, Petar Jeliazkov, Borislav Marinov, Ivo Bogov, Zlatina Gramatikova, Silviya Voleva, Kamen Tzatchev, Latchezar Traykov
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition that involves 10% - 15% of population worldwide, which increases the risk of cardio-vascular diseases (CVD). Chronic kidney disease is one of the main reasons for illness and mortality in the world. Chronic kidney disease is a serious health problem caused by involvement of a large number of patients with kidney injury, especially in industrial countries. Among the main reasons for this are population living longer and the number of diseases in elderly persons, such as diabetes mellitus type 2, hypertension, and cardio-vascular diseases...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217959/periodontal-therapy-with-0-25-lemongrass-oil-mouthwash-in-reducing-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-3-arm-prospective-parallel-experimental-study
#12
Dany S Subha, Tangde Pradeep
Background: Periodontal disease is associated with cardiovascular diseases because of its role in host immune-inflammatory response. Serum lipids are the commonest risk factors between periodontal disease and cardiovascular diseases. Materials and Method: A double blinded randomised clinical trial was carried out among 45 subjects with generalised severe periodontitis. They were divided into 3-groups of 15 subjects each. Group A: 0.25% lemongrass oil mouthwash, Group B: 0...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203043/-blood-pressure-target-in-2017
#13
A Yannoutsos, A Bura-Rivière, P Priollet, J Blacher
OBJECTIVE: The issue of how far blood pressure (BP) should be lowered under antihypertensive treatment is still an important matter of scientific debate. The aim of the present review is to consider the clinical relevance of individualized BP goal under treatment in hypertensive patients according to their age, comorbidities or established cardio-vascular (CV) disease. DATA FROM THE LITERATURE: The French and European recommendations propose a systolic BP target between 130 and 139mmHg (<150mmHg after 80 years) and diastolic BP target <90mmHg in hypertensive patients whatever their level of risk...
December 2017: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201112/association-of-warfarin-therapy-with-apoe-and-vkorc1-genes-polymorphism-in-iranian-population
#14
Sajad Rafiee, Masoumeh Rajabibazl, Reza Meshkani, Azam Daraei, Mehryar Zargari, Fahimeh Sharafeddin, Zahra Fazeli, Attabak Toffani Milani, Maryam Taherkhani
Warfarin is a vitamin K antagonist that genetic and non-genetic factors affected on its dose requirement in the patients with cardio vascular disease. The aim of this study was whether the APOE and VKORC1 polymorphisms influence on warfarin dose requirements in the part of Iranian patients. Blood samples were collected from 86 warfarin-treated patients. After extraction of genomic DNA, the VKORC1 (rs9923231) and the APOE (rs429358 and rs7412) polymorphisms were genotyped by PCR-RFLP technique. We found that the Iranian patients carrying genotypes GA or AA of VKORC1 polymorphism tended to receive lower dose of warfarin (p = 0...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197746/proton-therapy-for-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Emmanuel Kammerer, Jennifer Le Guevelou, Abdulhamid Chaikh, Serge Danhier, Julien Geffrelot, Christelle Levy, Eric Saloux, Jean-Louis Habrand, Juliette Thariat
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy plays a major role in the management of adjuvant breast cancer with nodal involvement, with an iatrogenic increase of cardio-vascular risk. Photon therapy, even with intensity modulation, has the downsides of high mean heart dose and heterogeneous target coverage, particularly in the case of internal mammary irradiation. This systematic review of the literature aims to evaluate proton therapy in locally advanced breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed was searched for original full-text articles with the following search terms: «Proton Therapy» and «Breast Cancer»...
February 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142443/oral-health-and-erectile-dysfunction
#16
REVIEW
Vijendra P Singh, Sunil K Nettemu, Sowmya Nettem, Rajesh Hosadurga, Sangeeta U Nayak
Ample evidence strongly supports the fact that periodontal disease is a major risk factor for various systemic diseases namely cardio-vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, etc. Recently, investigators focussed on exploring the link between chronic periodontitis (CP) and erectile dysfunction (ED) by contributing to the endothelial dysfunction. Both the diseases share common risk factors. Various studies conducted in different parts of the world in recent years reported the evidence linking this relationship as well as improvement in ED with periodontal treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141542/cocoa-polyphenols-evidence-from-epidemiological-studies
#17
Chisa Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests potential preventive effects of chocolate/cocoa on the risk of cardio vascular disease (CVD). However, cocoa products also contain high levels of sugar and fat, which increase CVD risk factors. Even, the identity of the substance in chocolate/cocoa that has a favorable effect on CVD and CVD risk factors remains unclear, growing evidence from experimental studies suggests that cocoa polyphenols might be a major contributor to cardiovascular-protective effects...
November 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096858/management-of-patients-with-statin-intolerance
#18
Sabine Fischer, Ulrich Julius
In recent years statins have become an established option in lipid-lowering pharmacotherapy despite the fact that statin intolerance is fairly common. When muscle pains and/or an elevation of the creatine kinase appear, the dose must be lowered in patients with slight symptoms or stopped altogether if the symptoms are more severe. When the symptoms are alleviated and creatine kinase is normalized, re-exposition can be considered. If symptoms recur, treatment with another statin should be attempted - in these cases pravastatin or fluvastatin are recommended, although they are less effective in reducing LDL cholesterol...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072174/blood-lipid-tests-in-2017
#19
Rémy Couderc, Marianne Antar, Dominique Bonnefont-Rousselot, Jean-Louis Paul, Patrice Therond
Strong epidemiological evidence supports a causal relationship between dyslipidemia and atherosclerotic cardio-vascular disease, which remains the leading cause of death and morbidity worldwide. A lipid profile (total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides) is recommended at the initial evaluation for the assessment of the cardio-vascular risk. A commentary of the lipid profile for the clinician and mostly for the patient should be stated on the lab report. Quantifying the cardio-vascular risk using the SCORE (systematic coronary risk estimation) system, as recommended by the Haute autorité de santé (HAS), is the starting point to establish therapeutic goals and treatment strategies...
October 26, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064812/-the-influence-of-drugs-used-in-the-treatment-of-diabetes-type-2-on-the-cardio-vascular-risk
#20
Adam Kern, Martyna Zaleska, Olga Możeńska, Jacek Bil
With the obesity epidemic, we observe increase in the number of people suffering from diabetes mellitus type 2. This illness is considered cardiovascular disease equivalent, so influence of drugs used to manage diabetes on cardiovascular outcomes is important. Below we present review of main class of drugs used in diabetes treatment and summingup of trials conducted with their use to evaluate cardiovascular risk during treatment.
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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