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M Ayyub, A K Najmi, M Akhtar
Objective: Oxidative stress and alternation of renin-angiotensin system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of various cardio vascular, endocrine including mood and anxiety disorders. The present study evaluated the role of irbesartan in stress induced different models of depression. Materials and method: Mice were treated with irbesartan (40 mg/kg), fluoxetine (25 mg/kg) alone in combination orally. Drugs treatment started after 2 weeks from the beginning of the unpredictable mild stress (UCMS) protocol...
October 18, 2016: Drug Research
Ferdinando Carlo Sasso, Nadia Lascar, Antonella Ascione, Ornella Carbonara, Luca De Nicola, Roberto Minutolo, Teresa Salvatore, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Plinio Cirillo, Giuseppe Paolisso, Raffaele Marfella
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies and metanalysis have shown the beneficial effect of statin therapy in CVD secondary prevention, there is still controversy such the use of statins for primary CVD prevention in patients with DM. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of total major adverse cardio-vascular events (MACE) in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes complicated by nephropathy treated with statins, in order to verify real life effect of statin on CVD primary prevention...
October 13, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Sergey N Samsonov, Veronika I Manykina, Natalia G Kleimenova, Svetlana S Parshina, Alena A Strekalovskaya, Palmira G Petrova
INTRODUCTION: cardiovascular impairment remains one of the most current problems of today's life and the definition of the connection between its development and the state of heliogeophysical storminess is currently important. The results of long-term researches of communication between cardiovascular catastrophes (myocardial infarction) and heliogeophysical storminess in the middle and high latitudes are shown in this work. AIM: to study the influence of space weather parameters on human cardio-vascular system in the high and middle latitudes...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Antonello Santini, Ettore Novellino
Growing attention is nowadays given to the possible preventive/alternative ways to avoid illness onset. Lifestyle change and proper food habits are taking over the conventional pharmaceutical based approach especially for chronic pathologies. Nutraceuticals propose themselves as a key tool to prevent and cure some pathologic conditions. This is leading the research to develop new formulations based on these pharma-foods addressed in a specific way to prevent and cure health issues, which, in turn, will have an impact on the therapy-related cost to be sustained by any National Health Organization...
September 29, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Monika Chaszczewska-Markowska, Maria Sagan, Katarzyna Bogunia-Kubik
Secretion of renin juxtaglomerular cells into bloodstream initiates activation of an enzymatic-hormonal cascade known as the RAAS (renin - angiotensin - aldosterone system). As a result, blood pressure is increased by the means several interrelated mechanisms. Mechanism of Zjednoczoaction of this system has been known for decades, but a few previously unknown components were recently added, such as ACE-2 and Ang(1-7), and their role often seems to be opposite to that of the conventional components. Local tissue systems also have important biological functions...
September 13, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Samudrala Purnima, Bahiga Galal Abd El-Aal
BACKGROUND: A substantial body of epidemiological and experimental evidence suggests the significance of serum uric acid as an important and independent risk factor of cardio vascular and renal diseases especially in patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension. Hyperuricemia is a risk factor of coronary heart disease. Several studies showed positive association between hyperuricemia and CHD risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the serum uric acid levels in patients with diabetes and hypertension, which helps in understanding its role as prognostic marker of coronary heart disease...
September 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
Özge Uluçkan, Erwin F Wagner
Chronic systemic inflammation (CSI) has recently been identified as a major contributor to common diseases ranging from cancer to metabolic disorders and neurologic alterations. In the last decade, we and others have generated genetically engineered mouse models for inflammatory diseases, which enable studying the molecular mechanisms of CSI. Recently, organ cross-talk induced by CSI under homeostatic and pathological conditions has begun to be appreciated. In this review, we will revisit whole organism physiology in relation to CSI originating from epithelial tissues, such as the skin and gut...
September 21, 2016: FEBS Journal
Peter R Shewry, Sandra J Hey
Wheat is the most important staple crop in temperate zones and is in increasing demand in countries undergoing urbanization and industrialization. In addition to being a major source of starch and energy, wheat also provides substantial amounts of a number of components which are essential or beneficial for health, notably protein, vitamins (notably B vitamins), dietary fiber, and phytochemicals. Of these, wheat is a particularly important source of dietary fiber, with bread alone providing 20% of the daily intake in the UK, and well-established relationships between the consumption of cereal dietary fiber and reduced risk of cardio-vascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and forms of cancer (notably colo-rectal cancer)...
October 2015: Food Energy Secur
Ashwini Kumar, Bibhukalyan P Nayak, Awanish Kumar
World Health Organization (WHO) considers obesity as one of the fastest growing metabolic disorders other than diabetes. It is a complex interplay of lifestyle and associated genes. Obesity has been considered as a disease with multiple targets and very often compared in this sense with its sibling disease type 2 diabetes. The disease is pathology of the adipocytes and develops as a result of hypertrophy and hyperplasia of these cells, former being the major concern but its effects could be seen on various organs in the form of cardio-vascular disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, sexual dysfunction, respiratory problems and many more...
December 2016: Minerva Endocrinologica
Cathríona R Monnard, Jean-Pierre Montani, Erik K Grasser
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Energy drinks (EDs) are suspected to induce potential adverse cardiovascular effects and have recently been shown to reduce cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in young, healthy subjects. Gender differences in CBFV in response to EDs have not previously been investigated, despite the fact that women are more prone to cardiovascular disturbances such as neurocardiogenic syncope than men. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore gender differences in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular responses to EDs...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Olfa Chakroun-Walha, Imen Rejeb, Mariem Boujelben, Anis Chaari, Hichem Ksibi, Leila Kammoun, Adel Chaari, Mounir Bouaziz, Noureddine Rekik
UNLABELLED: Background : Stress hyperglycemia among patients having an acute pathology is frequently described in recent studies. AIMS: The objectives of this work were to describe epidemiologic features of elderly patients hospitalized in the emergency department and having a hyperglycemia due to stress. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified patients older than 65 years with obtained serum glucose levels. Patients with diabetes were excluded...
February 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Dorota Studzińska, Barbara Gryglewska, Maria Wojnarowska, Joanna Paleń, Bogusław Rudel, Tomasz Grodzicki
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of control of modifiable risk factors among elderly patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) admitted to the hospital angiology ward. METHODS: The results of treatment of dyslipidemia (DL), hypertension (HT), diabetes mellitus (DM) and prevalence of cigarette smoking were assessed among older (>65 years old, group I) and younger patients (group II) with PAD in a admission day to hospital. RESULTS: The study population included 154 patients (I--92 and II--65 subjects) aged 67...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
S Pozzoli, M Simonini, E Messaggio, N Casamassima, E Bignami, L Zagato, C Lanzani, P Manunta
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases remain the main cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The identification of subjects with increased risk of developing new cardiovascular events remains a priority in order to guide treatments and determine individual prognosis. Biomarkers are useful tools that are able to help physicians in decision-making. Our aim is to investigate Endogenous Ouabain (EO), an adrenal stress hormone with hemodynamic effects, as a valuable biomarker of heart failure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rumyana Dimova, Tsvetalina Tankova, Georgi Kirilov, Nevena Chakarova, Lilia Dakovska, Greta Grozeva
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess serum vaspin in early stages of glucose intolerance and in the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS); and to evaluate vaspin correlation to different cardio-metabolic parameters and autonomic tone in these subjects. METHODS: 185 subjects (80 males and 105 females) of mean age 45.8 ± 11.6 years and mean BMI 31.2 ± 6.3 kg/m(2), divided into groups according to: glucose tolerance, presence of MetS and cardio-vascular autonomic dysfunction (CAD), were enrolled...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Olivier Auzel, Gwenael Mechain, Fanny Grand
Taking care of an elderly patient involves encouraging them to do some exercise. Ageing is responsible for a gradual loss of our capacity to adapt. Taking up a sport after the age of 70 must be done gradually and be preceded by a certain number of medical examinations, in particular an assessment of cardiac function.
July 2016: Soins. Gérontologie
Sanjukta Mishra, Ashok Kumar Das, Swarnalata Das
INTRODUCTION: Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) frequently suffer from metabolic disturbances like insulin resistance, hypertension and atherogenic dyslipidemia. Accumulating evidences suggest that Vitamin D deficiency is common in PCOS and may be associated with metabolic and endocrinal dysfunctions in PCOS. Thus women with PCOS may be at elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: Present study aims to evaluate Vitamin D status and to assess its association with metabolic and endocrinal dysregulations in women with PCOS, which might help in early identification and prevention of future symptomatic cardiac disease...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Martin J Holzmann, Johan Ärnlöv, Sven-Erik Johansson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated in primary health care with warfarin or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, aspirin). METHODS: The study population included subjects (n=12,283) 45years or older diagnosed with AF who were treated in 75 primary care centres in Sweden between 2001 and 2007. MI was defined as a hospital stay for MI during 2001 through 2010 registered in the Swedish Patient Register...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Genjiro Kimura, Masato Kasahara, Kenji Ueshima, Sachiko Tanaka, Shinji Yasuno, Akira Fujimoto, Toshiya Sato, Miyuki Imamoto, Shinji Kosugi, Kazuwa Nakao
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). While conventional lipid lowering therapy provides a benefit to CKD management, the effect of statins on eGFR remains unclear. METHODS: A prospective, multi-center, open-labeled, randomized trial. Total of 349 CKD patients with hyperlipidemia were randomized into 2 groups, and followed for 2 years. Group A included patients who were treated with atorvastatin. Group C were treated with conventional lipid lowering drugs other than statin...
July 8, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Judith C Barker, Claudia Guerra, M Judy Gonzalez-Vargas, Kristin S Hoeft
Compared to other population groups in the United States, caries (tooth decay) is a disproportionately prevalent disease among Latino populations, especially among low-income and rural sub-groups and children under five years of age. Fluoride is a primary preventive for caries. While water fluoridation is a major and effective public health means for delivering fluoride on a mass scale, it does not reach many rural areas or population groups such as Latinos who eschew drinking water from municipal sources. This study examines the acceptability to such groups of salt fluoridation, an alternate means of delivering fluoride long used on a global scale...
2016: PloS One
Pierfranco Terrosu
The net clinical benefit of aspirin in primary prevention is uncertain as the reduction in occlusive events needs to be balanced against the increase in gastro-intestinal and cerebral bleedings. The meta-analysis of ATT (Anti Thrombotic Trialists) Collaboration in 2009 showed that aspirin therapy in primary prevention was associated with 12% reduction in cardio-vascular events, due mainly to a reduction in non-fatal myocardial infarction (0.18% vs 0.23% per year, p<0.0001). However, the benefit in term of coronary events was almost balanced by the increase in major bleedings...
2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
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