keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Breathe

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228433/the-relationship-between-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#1
X-W Ding, Y-X Liu, X-C Fang, K Liu, Y-Y Wei, M-H Shan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty IBS patients in the hospital from January 2015 to December 2015 were assigned to the treatment group, and 50 healthy persons were assigned to the control group. Lactulose hydrogen and methane breath test were performed to measure the percentage of SIBO and oro-cecal transit time (OCTT) in treatment group and control group...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227723/interventions-to-address-sexual-problems-in-people-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-adaptation-of-cancer-care-ontario-guideline
#2
Jeanne Carter, Christina Lacchetti, Barbara L Andersen, Debra L Barton, Sage Bolte, Shari Damast, Michael A Diefenbach, Katherine DuHamel, Judith Florendo, Patricia A Ganz, Shari Goldfarb, Sigrun Hallmeyer, David M Kushner, Julia H Rowland
Purpose The adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer provides recommendations to manage sexual function adverse effects that occur as a result of cancer diagnosis and/or treatment. Methods ASCO staff reviewed the guideline for developmental rigor and updated the literature search. An ASCO Expert Panel ( Table A1 ) was assembled to review the guideline content and recommendations. Results The ASCO Expert Panel determined that the recommendations from the 2016 CCO guideline are clear, thorough, and based upon the most relevant scientific evidence...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227262/-combined-course-of-bronchial-asthma-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-its-clinical-functional-peculiarities-and-mechanisms-of-its-correction
#3
M Derbak, O Boldizhar, Ye Sirchak, Ya Lazur, M Aleksandrova
The combined course of bronchial asthma (BA) and digestive system pathology is one of the most frequent, severe and clinically varied pathology. The purpose of the paper - to study the influence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) on the course of BA and the effectiveness of antireflux therapy in combined pathology. Patients with combined pathology were treated in full-time department more frequently than patients with isolated BA (3,4±0,5 per year to - 1,8±0,3; р<0,05). The statistically reliable correlation between frequency of heartburn and frequency of cough, which goes over to asthma attacks was observed (r=0,59; р<0,05)...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227240/pre-drinking-and-the-temporal-gradient-of-intoxication-in-a-new-zealand-nightlife-environment
#4
Michael P Cameron, Matthew J Roskruge, Nic Droste, Peter G Miller
OBJECTIVE: We measured changes in the average level of intoxication over time in the nighttime economy and identified the factors associated with intoxication, including pre-drinking. METHOD: A random intercept sample of 320 pedestrians (105 women; 215 men) was interviewed and received breath alcohol analysis in the nighttime economy of Hamilton, New Zealand. Data were collected over a five-night period, between 7 P.M. and 2:30 A.M. Data were analyzed by plotting the moving average breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) over time and using linear regression models to identify the factors associated with BrAC...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227046/prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-overlap-syndrome-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#5
Donato Lacedonia, Giovanna Elisiana Carpagnano, Giulia Patricelli, Mauro Carone, Crescenzio Gallo, Incoronata Caccavo, Roberto Sabato, Annarita Depalo, Maria Aliani, Alberto Capozzolo, Maria Pia Foschino Barbaro
INTRODUCTION: Sleep-disordered breathing causes a burden to the sufferer, the healthcare system, and the society. Most studies have focused on Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), however, the prevalence of comorbidities in patients affected by Overlap Syndrome (OS) and Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) has not been carefully evaluated. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The principal aim of this study was to identify the presence of comorbidities in patients suffering from OSA, OS, OHS and the differences in three groups of patients...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226712/-risk-stratification-before-thoracic-surgery-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#6
Attila Vágvölgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Pál Vadász, János Tamás Varga
INTRODUCTION: Besides the oncology and operative surgical technics, functional aspects influence the operability of lung cancer. Preoperative risk stratification, evaluation of postoperative complications needs to be considered. AIM: To review international literature and experiences of our institute. METHOD: We focused the literature of risk stratification of thoracic surgery. Lung function, lung mechanics, chest kinematics, exercise physiology were considered...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226264/generation-of-viable-progeny-from-dead-brooders-of-endangered-catfish-clarias-magur-hamilton-1822
#7
Sullip Kumar Majhi, Santosh Kumar
The obligatory air-breathing catfish Clarias magur is a prime candidate for aquaculture owing to its unique taste, high growth rate, and hardy nature. However, recently the IUCN has listed the species under the endangered category because the population has critically declined in the wild. The sexually mature C. magur brooders are often collected from their natural habitats for seed production in captivity. In many cases, the brooder dies due to handling injuries or confinement stress. In this study, we demonstrated that viable progeny could be generated from freshly dead sexually mature C...
October 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226176/holistic-segmentation-of-the-lung-in-cine-mri
#8
William Kovacs, Nathan Hsieh, Holger Roth, Chioma Nnamdi-Emeratom, W Patricia Bandettini, Andrew Arai, Ami Mankodi, Ronald M Summers, Jianhua Yao
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a childhood-onset neuromuscular disease that results in the degeneration of muscle, starting in the extremities, before progressing to more vital areas, such as the lungs. Respiratory failure and pneumonia due to respiratory muscle weakness lead to hospitalization and early mortality. However, tracking the disease in this region can be difficult, as current methods are based on breathing tests and are incapable of distinguishing between muscle involvements. Cine MRI scans give insight into respiratory muscle movements, but the images suffer due to low spatial resolution and poor signal-to-noise ratio...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225881/recovery-benefits-of-using-a-heat-and-moisture-exchange-mask-during-sprint-exercise-in-cold-temperatures
#9
John G Seifert, Jeremy Frost, John A St Cyr
Objectives: Breathing cold air can lead to bronchoconstriction and peripheral vasoconstriction, both of which could impact muscular performance by affecting metabolic demands during exercise. Successful solutions dealing with these physiological changes during exercise in the cold has been lacking; therefore, we investigated the influence of a heat and moisture exchange mask during exercise in the cold. Methods: There were three trial arms within this study: wearing the heat and moisture exchange mask during the rest periods in the cold, no-mask application during the rest periods in the cold, and a trial at room temperature (22°C)...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225745/heated-wire-humidification-circuit-attenuates-the-decrease-of-core-temperature-during-general-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#10
Sooyong Park, Seok-Hwa Yoon, Ann Misun Youn, Seung Hyun Song, Ja Gyung Hwang
Background: Intraoperative hypothermia is common in patients undergoing general anesthesia during arthroscopic hip surgery. In the present study, we assessed the effect of heating and humidifying the airway with a heated wire humidification circuit (HHC) to attenuate the decrease of core temperature and prevent hypothermia in patients undergoing arthroscopic hip surgery under general anesthesia. Methods: Fifty-six patients scheduled for arthroscopic hip surgery were randomly assigned to either a control group using a breathing circuit connected with a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) (n = 28) or an HHC group using a heated wire humidification circuit (n = 28)...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225744/a-comparison-between-ketorolac-and-nefopam-as-adjuvant-analgesics-for-postoperative-patient-controlled-analgesia-a-randomized-double-blind-prospective-study
#11
Ji-Seon Son, Aram Doo, Young-Jun Kwon, Young-Jin Han, Seonghoon Ko
Background: We compared the analgesic efficacy and side effects of ketorolac and nefopam that were co-administered with fentanyl via intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. Methods: One hundred and sixty patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to ketorolac (Group K) or nefopam (Group N) groups. The anesthetic regimen was standardized for all patients. The analgesic solution contained fentanyl 600 µg and ketorolac 180 mg in Group K, and fentanyl 600 µg and nefopam 120 mg in Group N...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225692/recent-advances-in-radiation-oncology
#12
REVIEW
Cristina Garibaldi, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa, Giulia Marvaso, Samantha Dicuonzo, Damaris Patricia Rojas, Federica Cattani, Anna Starzyńska, Delia Ciardo, Alessia Surgo, Maria Cristina Leonardi, Rosalinda Ricotti
Radiotherapy (RT) is very much a technology-driven treatment modality in the management of cancer. RT techniques have changed significantly over the past few decades, thanks to improvements in engineering and computing. We aim to highlight the recent developments in radiation oncology, focusing on the technological and biological advances. We will present state-of-the-art treatment techniques, employing photon beams, such as intensity-modulated RT, volumetric-modulated arc therapy, stereotactic body RT and adaptive RT, which make possible a highly tailored dose distribution with maximum normal tissue sparing...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225576/vitamin-d-enhances-efficacy-of-oral-nifedipine-in-treating-preeclampsia-with-severe-features-a-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-and-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Dan-Dan Shi, Yong Wang, Jun-Jun Guo, Ling Zhou, Na Wang
Vitamin D (VD) has exhibited immunomodulatory role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. We hypothesize VD potentiate nifedipine treatment for preeclampsia by shortened the time to control blood pressure and prolong time before subsequent hypertensive crisis. We conduct a randomized trial of 683 primigravid women with preeclampsia, who were assigned to different treatment groups, either nifedipine+placebo or nifedipine+VD orally, by random after screening. Primary endpoints include time to control hypertension and time before another hypertensive crisis...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225455/treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-with-iyengar-yoga-and-coherent-breathing-a-randomized-controlled-dosing-study
#14
Chris C Streeter, Patricia L Gerbarg, Theodore H Whitfield, Liz Owen, Jennifer Johnston, Marisa M Silveri, Marysia Gensler, Carol L Faulkner, Cathy Mann, Mary Wixted, Anne Marie Hernon, Maren B Nyer, E Richard P Brown, John E Jensen
Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the effects of an intervention of Iyengar yoga and coherent breathing at five breaths per minute on depressive symptoms and to determine optimal intervention yoga dosing for future studies in individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Subjects were randomized to the high-dose group (HDG) or low-dose group (LDG) for a 12-week intervention of three or two intervention classes per week, respectively. Eligible subjects were 18-64 years old with MDD, had baseline Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) scores ≥14, and were either on no antidepressant medications or on a stable dose of antidepressants for ≥3 months...
December 1, 2017: Alternative & Complementary Therapies: a New Bimonthly Publication for Health Care Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225003/improving-patient-safety-during-procedural-sedation-via-respiratory-volume-monitoring-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Donald M Mathews, Michael J Oberding, Eric L Simmons, Stephen E O'Donnell, Kevin R Abnet, Kathleen MacDonald
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Assess the utility of a respiratory volume monitor (RVM) to reduce the incidence of low minute ventilation events in procedural sedation. DESIGN: Randomized control trial SETTING: Endoscopy suite PATIENTS: Seventy-three total patients (ASA Physical Status 1-3) undergoing upper endoscopies were analyzed. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized into two groups using a computer generated randomization table: Control (n=41): anesthesia provider was unable to see the screen of the RVM; RVM (n=32): anesthesia provider had access to RVM data to assist with management of the case...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224763/tonsillectomy-or-tonsillotomy-a-systematic-review-for-paediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing
#16
REVIEW
Lai-Ying Zhang, Laurie Zhong, Michael David, Anders Cervin
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has challenged the practice of tonsillectomy in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Tonsillotomy (subtotal/partial/intracapsular tonsillectomy) has been proposed as an alternative with equivalent effectiveness and decreased post-operative morbidity, thus improving cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature comparing clinical efficacy, post-operative morbidity, and cost-effectiveness of tonsillotomy and tonsillectomy in paediatric (<16yo) patients with sleep-disordered breathing...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224300/-etiological-analysis-and-establishment-of-a-discriminant-model-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-hospitalized-patients
#17
Y S Chen, X H Lin, H R Li, Z D Hua, M Q Lin, W S Huang, T Yu, H Y Lyu, W P Mao, Y Q Liang, X R Peng, S J Chen, H Zheng, S Q Lian, X L Hu, X Q Yao
Objective: To analyze the pathogens of lower respiratory tract infection(LRTI) including bacterial, viral and mixed infection, and to establish a discriminant model based on clinical features in order to predict the pathogens. Methods: A total of 243 hospitalized patients with lower respiratory tract infections were enrolled in Fujian Provincial Hospital from April 2012 to September 2015. The clinical data and airway (sputum and/or bronchoalveolar lavage) samples were collected. Microbes were identified by traditional culture (for bacteria), loop-mediated isothermal amplification(LAMP) and gene sequencing (for bacteria and atypical pathogen), or Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR)for viruses...
December 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223612/predictive-value-of-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-fast-for-laparotomy-in-unstable-polytrauma-egyptians-patients
#18
Adel Hamed Elbaih, Sameh T Abu-Elela
PURPOSE: The emergency physicians face significant clinical uncertainty when multiple trauma patients arrive in the emergency department (ED). The priorities for assessment and treatment of polytrauma patients are established in the primary survey. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is very essential clinical skill during trauma resuscitation. Use of point of care ultrasound among the trauma team working in the primary survey in emergency care settings is lacking in Suez Canal University Hospitals even ultrasound machine not available in ED...
November 23, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223509/neuropeptides-and-breathing-in-health-and-disease
#19
REVIEW
Katarzyna Kaczyńska, Dominika Zając, Piotr Wojciechowski, Ewelina Kogut, Małgorzata Szereda-Przestaszewska
Regulatory neuropeptides control and regulate breathing in physiological and pathophysiological conditions. While they have been identified in the neurons of major respiratory areas, they can be active not only at the central level, but also at the periphery via chemoreceptors, vagal afferents, or locally within lungs and airways. Some neuropeptides, such as leptin or substance P, are respiratory stimulants; others, such as neurotensin, produce variable effects on respiration depending on the site of application...
December 6, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223276/a-51-year-old-woman-with-an-increasing-chest-wall-mass-years-after-resection-of-an-early-stage-lung-cancer
#20
Ajay Dhakal, Hongbin Chen, Elisabeth U Dexter
A 51-year-old woman was found to have a new 14 × 6 mm soft tissue mass under the right serratus muscle on a CT scan of the chest performed for routine surveillance due to her history of stage I lung cancer. A follow-up CT scan performed 4 months later showed that the mass had increased in size to 22 × 8 mm. The patient presents to the oncology clinic to discuss the results of the CT scan. She has no pain or swelling on the right lateral chest and no cough, fever, or shortness of breath. She is at her baseline health with good appetite and functional status...
December 2017: Chest
keyword
keyword
57368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"