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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694990/respiratory-instability-and-hypoxemia-episodes-in-preterm-infants
#1
Eduardo Bancalari, Nelson Claure
Oxygenation instability is a very common problem in the premature infant that manifests as intermittent hypoxemia episodes (HEs). These are particularly frequent in premature infants who are on mechanical ventilation beyond the first weeks after birth. However, they can also occur in spontaneously breathing infants. Some of these episodes are due to central apnea, but in ventilated infants, they are frequently due to contractions of the abdominal musculature that can splint the respiratory pump, resulting in periods of decreased lung volume and hypoventilation...
May 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694795/a-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-green-kiwifruit-on-human-intestinal-fermentation-measured-by-hydrogen-and-methane-breath-testing
#2
Amanda G Y Chen, Marleen S L Offereins, Christopher J Mulder, Christopher M Frampton, Richard B Gearry
We investigated the impact of the ingestion of two green kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa var. Hayward) and one Royal Gala apple on breath hydrogen and methane production in humans. Consumption of two green kiwifruit led to no evidence of carbohydrate malabsorption (0/20), whereas consumption of one apple was associated with carbohydrate malabsorption in 6/20 participants (P = .008). There were no significant differences in the area under the curve for hydrogen or methane breath concentrations after consumption of the two fruits...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693559/a-novel-approach-to-the-identification-of-compromised-pulmonary-systems-in-smokers-by-exploiting-tidal-breathing-patterns
#3
Raj Rakshit, Anwesha Khasnobish, Arijit Chowdhury, Arijit Sinharay, Arpan Pal, Tapas Chakravarty
Smoking causes unalterable physiological abnormalities in the pulmonary system. This is emerging as a serious threat worldwide. Unlike spirometry, tidal breathing does not require subjects to undergo forceful breathing maneuvers and is progressing as a new direction towards pulmonary health assessment. The aim of the paper is to evaluate whether tidal breathing signatures can indicate deteriorating adult lung condition in an otherwise healthy person. If successful, such a system can be used as a pre-screening tool for all people before some of them need to undergo a thorough clinical checkup...
April 25, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693495/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-nicotine-preloading-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Eric A Dedert, Paul A Dennis, Patrick S Calhoun, Michelle F Dennis, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether augmenting standard smoking cessation treatment by wearing an active nicotine patch before the smoking quit date improves rates of smoking cessation in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and to explore mechanisms of treatment response such as decreased cigarette craving and symptom relief from smoking. METHODS: Double-blind parallel randomized controlled trial in 81 people with PTSD who smoked cigarettes. Participants were recruited from Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics and flyers in the community...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693434/oxygen-limitation-at-the-larval-stage-and-the-evolution-of-maternal-investment-per-offspring-in-aquatic-environments
#5
Njal Rollinson, Locke Rowe
Oxygen limitation and surface area to volume relationships of the egg were long thought to constrain egg size in aquatic environments, but more recent evidence indicates that egg size per se does not influence oxygen availability to embryos. Here, we suggest that investment per offspring is nevertheless constrained in aquatic anamniotes by virtue of oxygen transport in free-living larvae. Drawing on the well-supported assumption that oxygen limitation is relatively pronounced in aquatic versus terrestrial environments and that oxygen limitation is particularly severe in warm aquatic environments, we employ comparative methods in the Amphibia to investigate this problem...
May 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693198/-physiotherapeutic-assessment-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-development-of-a-standardized-physiotherapeutic-assessment-instrument-for-interprofessional-cooperation-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#6
S G R Klotz, G Ketels, B Richardsen, B Löwe, C A Brünahl
BACKGROUND: The chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) can be associated with physiotherapeutic findings. An interprofessional approach is recommended for patients with CPPS; however, no standardized physiotherapeutic assessment and documentation instrument for specific physiotherapeutic assessments exist, which is not only the foundation for physiotherapy but also for interprofessional communication. OBJECTIVE: The aim was the development of a physiotherapeutic assessment instrument for patients with CPPS and therefore, to create a tool for clinical use, research and interprofessional communication...
April 24, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693021/predictors-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-neuropathy-onset-and-progression-in-a-cohort-of-type-1-diabetic-patients
#7
M Matta, A Pavy-Le Traon, S Perez-Lloret, C Laporte, I Berdugo, N Nasr, H Hanaire, J M Senard
Aim: The prevalence of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in diabetes mellitus is well documented. However, the rate and predictors of both the development and progression of CAN have been less studied. Hereby, we assessed the rate and the major risk factors for CAN initiation and progression in a cohort of type 1 diabetic patients followed over a three-year period. Methods: 175 type 1 diabetic patients (mean age: 50 ± 11 years; female/male: 76/99) with positive bedside screening for CAN were included and underwent 2 standardized autonomic testings using 4 standardized tests (deep breathing, Valsalva maneuver, 30/15 ratio, and changes in blood pressure during standing), separated by 3 ± 1 years...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693018/salivary-markers-and-microbial-flora-in-mouth-breathing-late-adolescents
#8
Stefano Mummolo, Alessandro Nota, Silvia Caruso, Vincenzo Quinzi, Enrico Marchetti, Giuseppe Marzo
Objective: This is a 6-month observational case-control study that aims to estimate plaque index (PI), salivary flow, buffering capacity of saliva, and specific Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Lactobacillus rates in a mouth breathing late adolescents sample, after a professional oral hygiene procedure and home oral hygiene instructions. Subjects and Methods: A sample of 20 mouth breathing late adolescents/young adults (average: 19.2 ± 2.5; range: 18-23 years) and a matched control group of nose breathing subjects (average: 18...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692995/living-with-copd-the-struggle-for-breath-and-for-lung-volume-reduction-therapies
#9
EDITORIAL
Ravi Mahadeva, Zaid Zoumot
Access to lung volume reduction for advanced emphysema http://ow.ly/Iqru30jbvbE.
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692968/pilot-data-on-responsive-epilepsy-neurostimulation-measures-of-sleep-apnea-and-continuous-glucose-measurements
#10
Katie M Kinnear, Nicole M Warner, Anand Gersappe, Michael J Doherty
Objectives: To match responsive neurostimulator (RNS) and polysomnographic data to determine if RNS detections and stimulations correlate with measurements of sleep disordered breathing and continuous glucose measurements (CGM). Materials and methods: In a patient with an RNS with detection/stimulation leads implanted bi-temporally detection-stimulation counts were matched by time with coinciding polysomnogram and CGM data. Results: Temporal dispersion of RNS DSC were independent of measures of sleep apnea, hypopnea or glucose...
2018: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692886/what-are-the-optimum-components-in-a-care-bundle-aimed-at-reducing-post-operative-pulmonary-complications-in-high-risk-patients
#11
Sophie V Griffiths, Daniel H Conway, Michael Sander, Ib Jammer, Michael P W Grocott, Ben C Creagh-Brown
Background: Post-operative pulmonary complications (POPC) are common, predictable and associated with increased morbidity and mortality, independent of pre-operative risk. Interventions to reduce the incidence of POPC have been studied individually, but the use of a care bundle has not been widely investigated. The purpose of our work was to use Delphi consensus methodology and an independently chosen expert panel to formulate a care bundle for patients identified as being at high of POPC, as preparation towards an evaluation of its effectiveness at reducing POPC...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691421/parallel-detection-of-theta-and-respiration-coupled-oscillations-throughout-the-mouse-brain
#12
Adriano B L Tort, Simon Ponsel, Jakob Jessberger, Yevgenij Yanovsky, Jurij Brankačk, Andreas Draguhn
Slow brain oscillations are usually coherent over long distances and thought to link distributed cell assemblies. In mice, theta (5-10 Hz) stands as one of the most studied slow rhythms. However, mice often breathe at theta frequency, and we recently reported that nasal respiration leads to local field potential (LFP) oscillations that are independent of theta. Namely, we showed respiration-coupled oscillations in the hippocampus, prelimbic cortex, and parietal cortex, suggesting that respiration could impose a global brain rhythm...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691369/does-colectomy-predispose-to-small-intestinal-bacterial-sibo-and-fungal-overgrowth-sifo
#13
Satish S C Rao, George Tan, Hamza Abdulla, Siegfried Yu, Sebastian Larion, Pornchai Leelasinjaroen
OBJECTIVES: After subtotal colectomy, 40% of patients report chronic gastrointestinal symptoms and poor quality of life. Its etiology is unknown. We determined whether small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) or small intestinal fungal overgrowth (SIFO) cause gastrointestinal symptoms after colectomy. METHODS: Consecutive patients with unexplained abdominal pain, gas, bloating and diarrhea (>1 year), and without colectomy (controls), and with colectomy were evaluated with symptom questionnaires, glucose breath test (GBT) and/or duodenal aspiration/culture...
April 25, 2018: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691260/ceftolozane-tazobactam-for-the-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pneumonia-in-a-patient-receiving-intermittent-hemodialysis
#14
Mohammed A Alessa, Thamer A Almangour, Abdulaziz Alhossan, Musaed A Alkholief, Mohammed Alhokail, Deanne E Tabb
PURPOSE: The safety and effectiveness of ceftolozane-tazobactam for the treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia in a patient receiving intermittent hemodialysis are reported. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old African-American man arrived at an emergency trauma center from a nursing home via ambulance with shortness of breath and potential nasogastric tube misplacement. His medical history included end-stage renal disease (ESRD) for which he was receiving intermittent hemodialysis 3 times per week, hypertension, sacral ulcer, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and P...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690770/repeated-interoceptive-exposure-in-individuals-with-high-and-low-anxiety-sensitivity
#15
Katharina Holtz, Alfons O Hamm, Christiane A Pané-Farré
Interoceptive exposure is one component in cognitive behavioral therapy of panic disorder. The present investigation addressed changes in defensive mobilization during repeated interoceptive exposure using a standardized hyperventilation procedure. 26 high and 22 low anxiety sensitive persons (ASI, Peterson & Reiss, 1992) went through two guided hyperventilation and normoventilation procedures, spaced one week apart. Breathing parameters, startle response magnitudes and symptom reports were measured. All participants successfully adhered to the guided breathing procedures...
April 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689602/buffer-gas-additives-modifiers-shift-reagents-in-ion-mobility-spectrometry-applications-predictions-of-mobility-shifts-and-influence-of-interaction-energy-and-structure
#16
REVIEW
Roberto Fernandez-Maestre
Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is an analytical technique used for fast and sensitive detection of illegal substances in customs and airports, diagnosis of diseases through detection of metabolites in breath, fundamental studies in physics and chemistry, space exploration and many more applications. IMS separates ions in the gas-phase drifting under an electric field according to their size to charge ratio. IMS disadvantages are false positives that delay transportation, compromise patient's health and other negative issues when IMS is used for detection...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688857/less-invasive-treatment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#17
Silvia Müller-Hagedorn, Cornelia Wiechers, Jörg Arand, Wolfgang Buchenau, Margit Bacher, Michael Krimmel, Siegmar Reinert, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: Infants and children with syndromic craniosynostosis (SCS), such as Apert-, Crouzon- or Pfeiffer syndrome, are prone to sleep disordered breathing (SDB) including obstructive sleep apnea and upper airway resistance syndrome (OSAS, UARS), potentially leading to tracheostomy. We modified the Tübingen Palatal Plate (TPP), an oral appliance with a velar extension effectively treating airway obstruction in Robin sequence, by attaching a tube to its velar extension to bridge the narrow pharyngeal airway in SCS patients...
April 23, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688525/particulate-matter-triggers-depressive-like-response-associated-with-modulation-of-inflammatory-cytokine-homeostasis-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-signaling-pathway-in-mice
#18
Xuemei Liu, Xin Qian, Jing Xing, Jinhua Wang, Yixuan Sun, Qin'geng Wang, Huiming Li
Particulate matter (PM) exposure may contribute to depressive-like response in mice. However, few studies have evaluated the adaptive impacts of long-term PM exposure on depressive-like response associated with systemic inflammation and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling pathway. We studied the association among depressive-like behaviors, mRNA levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and the expression of BDNF signaling pathway in mice by long-term PM exposure. C57BL/6 male mice were exposed to ambient air alongside control mice breathing air filtered through a high-efficiency air PM (HEPA) filter...
April 23, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688196/-ultrasonographic-control-of-cerebral-blood-flow-in-patients-with-stenosis-of-brachiocephalic-arteries-before-and-after-carotid-endarterectomy
#19
I L Bukhovets, A S Maksimova, M P Plotnikov, B N Kozlov, I N Vorozhtsova, V Iu Usov
The authors studied the parameters of arterial and venous blood flow in patients presenting with haemodynamically significant atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries before and after carotid endarterectomy, as well as while carrying out functional tests. Comparing the indices of arterial blood flow in the Study Group consisting of 52 patients and the Control Group comprising 15 apparently healthy volunteers at rest prior to the operation revealed statistically significant differences of volumetric parameters of blood flow in the internal carotid artery...
2018: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#20
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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