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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333988/years-of-life-lost-due-to-infectious-diseases-in-poland
#1
Marek Bryla, Elzbieta Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Pawel Bryla, Malgorzata Pikala, Irena Maniecka-Bryla
PURPOSE: An evaluation of mortality due to infectious diseases in Poland in 1999-2012 and an analysis of standard expected years of life lost due to the above diseases. METHODS: The study material included a database created on the basis of 5,219,205 death certificates of Polish inhabitants, gathered between 1999 and 2012 and provided by the Central Statistical Office. Crude Death Rates (CDR), Standardized Death Rates (SDR) and Standard Expected Years of Life Lost (SEYLL) due to infectious and parasitic diseases were also evaluated in the study period as well as Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per living person (SEYLLp) and Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per dead person (SEYLLd)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333957/immune-response-of-rats-vaccinated-orally-with-various-plant-expressed-recombinant-cysteine-proteinase-constructs-when-challenged-with-fasciola-hepatica-metacercariae
#2
Malgorzata Kesik-Brodacka, Agnieszka Lipiec, Monika Kozak Ljunggren, Luiza Jedlina, Katarzyna Miedzinska, Magdalena Mikolajczak, Andrzej Plucienniczak, Andrzej B Legocki, Halina Wedrychowicz
BACKGROUND: Cysteine proteinases of Fasciola hepatica are important candidates for vaccine antigens because of their role in fluke biology and host-parasite relationships. In our previous experiments, we found that a recombinant cysteine proteinase cloned from adult F. hepatica (CPFhW) can protect rats against liver fluke infections when it is administered intramuscularly or intranasally in the form of cDNA. We also observed considerable protection upon challenge following mucosal vaccination with inclusion bodies containing recombinant CPFhW produced in Escherichia coli...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331963/study-of-loma-acerinae-microsporidia-detected-from-three-ponto-caspian-gobies-gobiidae-in-ukraine
#3
Mykola Ovcharenko, Piotr Wróblewski, Yuriy Kvach, Oleksandra Drobiniak
A previously recognized Glugea-belonging Microsporidia (G. melanostomi, G. markievichi, G. naidenovi) were found in the intestinal mucosa of Neogobius melanostomus, N. fluviatilis, and Proterorhinchus semilunaris (Teleostei, Gobiidae) from lower Dnieper River and Black Sea coastal inlets, Ukraine. Light microscope observations demonstrated small spherical xenomes about 0.35 mm in diameter filled by developmental stages of parasites. Mature spores were ellipsoidal, slightly narrowed at anterior pole, sometimes ovoid or elongate in shape approximately 3...
March 23, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331592/host-sharing-by-the-honey-bee-parasites-lotmaria-passim-and-nosema-ceranae
#4
Manuel Tritschler, Gina Retschnig, Orlando Yañez, Geoffrey R Williams, Peter Neumann
The trypanosome Lotmaria passim and the microsporidian Nosema ceranae are common parasites of the honey bee, Apis mellifera, intestine, but the nature of interactions between them is unknown. Here, we took advantage of naturally occurring infections and quantified infection loads of individual workers (N = 408) originating from three apiaries (four colonies per apiary) using PCR to test for interactions between these two parasites. For that purpose, we measured the frequency of single and double infections, estimated the parasite loads of single and double infections, and determined the type of correlation between both parasites in double infections...
March 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330806/a-fish-model-for-the-study-of-the-relationship-between-neuroendocrine-and-immune-cells-in-the-intestinal-epithelium-silurus-glanis-infected-with-a-tapeworm
#5
B S Dezfuli, J A DePasquale, G Castaldelli, L Giari, G Bosi
Immunohistochemical, immunofluorescence and ultrastructural studies were conducted on a sub-population of 20 wels catfish Silurus glanis from a tributary of the River Po (Northern Italy). Fish were examined for the presence of ecto- and endo-parasites; in the intestine of 5 fish, 11 specimens of cestode Glanitaenia osculata were noted and was the only helminth species encountered. The architecture of intestine and its cellular features were nearly identical in either the uninfected S. glanis or in those harboring G...
March 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330485/prevalence-of-helminth-and-coccidian-parasites-in-swedish-outdoor-cats-and-the-first-report-of-aelurostrongylus-abstrusus-in-sweden-a-coprological-investigation
#6
Giulio Grandi, Arianna Comin, Osama Ibrahim, Roland Schaper, Ulrika Forshell, Eva Osterman Lind
BACKGROUND: This study was performed in order to gather recent epidemiological data on feline endoparasites in Swedish cats. Faecal samples from 205 outdoor cats were collected by their owners and submitted to the National Veterinary Institute for analysis. The study population was comprised of cats with access to an outdoor environment and with no history of anthelmintic treatment within the last 3 months. Intestinal parasites were detected with a centrifugal flotation technique and Baermann larval sedimentation was performed to detect metastrongylid lungworms...
March 23, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329069/giardiasis-and-subsequent-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-using-health-insurance-data
#7
Jolene H Nakao, Sarah A Collier, Julia W Gargano
Background.: Giardia intestinalis is the most commonly reported human intestinal parasite in the United States. Increased incidence of chronic gastrointestinal complaints has been reported after some giardiasis outbreaks. We examined the relationship between giardiasis diagnosis and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diagnosis. Methods.: We used the 2006-2010 MarketScan commercial insurance database. Persons with at least 1 giardiasis diagnosis were individually matched on age group, sex, and enrollment length in months to 5 persons without a giardiasis diagnosis...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327883/chapiniella-variabilis-nematoda-parasitizing-chelonoidis-carbonarius-and-c-denticulatus-testudinidae-in-the-state-of-piau%C3%A3
#8
Simone Mousinho Freire, Anangela Ravena da Silva Leal, Marcelo Knoff, Delir Corrêa Gomes, Jeannie Nascimento Dos Santos, Elane Guerreiro Giese, Reinaldo José da Silva, Ivete Lopes Mendonça
Chapiniella variabilis (Chapin, 1924), a strongylid nematode, was collected parasitizing the large intestine of the tortoises Chelonoidis carbonarius (Spix, 1824) (Cc) and C. denticulatus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Cd) in the Zoobotanical Park of the municipality of Teresina, state of Piauí, Brazil. The taxonomic identification was based on morphological and morphometric features, using bright-field and scanning electron microscopy. The present study adds new observations on the morphology, mainly relating to the mouth papillae, external and internal leaf-crown elements, excretory pore, deirids and male and female posterior end...
March 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327882/new-morphological-data-and-molecular-diagnostic-of-henneguya-friderici-myxozoa-myxobolidae-a-parasite-of-leporinus-friderici-osteichthyes-anostomidae-from-southeastern-brazil
#9
Letícia Poblete Vidal, José Luis Luque
The myxozoan Henneguya friderici is a parasite of the gills, intestine, kidney and liver of Leporinus friderici, a characiform fish belonging to the family Anostomidae. Forty-two specimens of L. friderici that had been caught in the Mogi Guaçú River, state of São Paulo, were studied. Elongated white plasmodia were found in the gill filaments of 10 host specimens (24%). The mature spores had an ellipsoidal body with polar capsules of equal size and caudal length greater than body length. This study also described 18S rDNA sequencing of H...
March 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327688/taenia-solium-sneezed-out-from-nose-by-an-asymptomatic-child
#10
N D Pant, M Sharma, S Neupane
Taenia solium is an intestinal parasite and may be excreted in feces in infected patients but our case is unique, as an asymptomatic child sneezed out the proglottids of the parasite from his nose. After the full course of antihelminthic drug the patient excreted a whole worm in his stool.
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325642/an-italian-case-of-intestinal-anisakiasis-with-a-presurgical-diagnosis-could-this-parasite-represent-an-emerging-disease
#11
Magda Zanelli, Moira Ragazzi, Sirio Fiorino, Moira Foroni, Paolo Cecinato, Maria Del Mar Jordana Sanchez, Stefano Ascani, Loredana De Marco
Anisakiasis is a parasitic infection caused by the consumption of raw fish containing larvae of the Anisakis species. Since the first description in 1960 of a patient suffering from this pathogen, in the Netherlands, most of the cases have been reported in Japan, where consumption of raw fish is common, but the number of cases is increasing worldwide. The first case identified in Italy dates back to 1996 and a few cases have been reported since then. In Italy the intestinal form occurs almost as frequently as the gastric form, which is far more frequent in Japan...
February 16, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323213/oral-delivery-of-bacillus-subtilis-spores-expressing-cysteine-protease-of-clonorchis-sinensis-to-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-induces-immune-responses-and-has-no-damage-on-liver-and-intestine-function
#12
Zeli Tang, Hengchang Sun, TingJin Chen, Zhipeng Lin, Hongye Jiang, Xinyi Zhou, Cunbin Shi, Houjun Pan, Ouqin Chang, Pengli Ren, Jinyun Yu, Xuerong Li, Jin Xu, Yan Huang, Xinbing Yu
Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) is a fish-borne trematode. Human can be infected by ingestion of C. sinensis metacercariae parasitized in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). For induction of effective oral immune responses, spores of Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) WB600 were utilized as vehicle to delivery CsCP (cysteine protease of C. sinensis) cooperated with CotC (B.s-CotC-CP), one of coat proteins, to the gastrointestinal tract. After routine culture of 8-12 h in LB medium, B. subtilis containing CotC-CsCP was transferred into the sporulation culture medium...
March 17, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319196/h-channels-in-embryonic-biomphalaria-glabrata-cell-membranes-putative-roles-in-snail-host-schistosome-interactions
#13
Brandon J Wright, Utibe Bickham-Wright, Timothy P Yoshino, Meyer B Jackson
The human blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni causes intestinal schistosomiasis, a widespread neglected tropical disease. Infection of freshwater snails Biomphalaria spp. is an essential step in the transmission of S. mansoni to humans, although the physiological interactions between the parasite and its obligate snail host that determine success or failure are still poorly understood. In the present study, the B. glabrata embryonic (Bge) cell line, a widely used in vitro model for hemocyte-like activity, was used to investigate membrane properties, and assess the impact of larval transformation proteins (LTP) on identified ion channels...
March 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316423/comparison-and-evaluation-of-four-methods-for-extracting-dna-from-giardia-duodenalis-cysts-for-pcr-targeting-the-tpi-gene
#14
Akram Sepahvand, Nader Pestehchian, Hossein Ali Yousefi, Reza Pahlavan Gharehbaba
Giardia duodenalis is an intestinal flagellated protozoan and the common cause of gastrointestinal diseases in human. This parasite can be seen in two different forms in its life cycle including as cyst and trophozoite. Due to presence of resistant cyst wall, DNA extraction inhibitors along with artifact in stool specimens, this study was performed aiming to evaluate four methods for DNA extraction from G. duodenalis cysts. Seventy G. duodenalis positive stool specimens that were confirmed by light microscope were included in this study...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316403/gastrointestinal-parasitic-infection-in-diverse-species-of-domestic-birds-of-manipur-india
#15
L Jayentakumar Singh, N Mohilal
Domesticated birds (515) consisting of 185 broiler (Gallusgallusdomesticus), 130 layers (Gallus Sp), 75 free range local chicken (Gallusdomesticus), 40 house pigeon (Columbalivia), 70 ducks (Anasplatyrhynchos) and 15 turkeys (Melleagrisgallopavo) reared in valley districts of Manipur were investigated for intestinal protozoan and helminthic infections. Fresh faecal samples of these birds were examined microscopically by direct wet smear with 2.5 % potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7). Of these 412 (80 %) were found to be infected with different species of gastrointestinal parasites...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316402/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-gastrointestinal-parasitism-in-traditionally-maintained-goat-flocks-of-south-gujarat
#16
L M Sorathiya, A B Fulsoundar, T K S Rao, Niranjan Kumar
A total of 360 faecal samples of goat belonging to Ahir community were collected randomly from eight villages on monthly basis. On same day, collected samples were subjected to qualitative faecal examination and positive samples were categorized into mild, moderate and heavy infected groups. The risk factors considered for study were age, pregnancy, lactation, seasons, wet land grazing and hygiene in housing. Overall 41.11 % animals were found positive for helminth eggs and among them 24.17, 10.56 and 6.39 % of goats were mildly, moderately and heavily infected, respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316392/ascaridia-galli-infection-in-a-checkered-keelback-xenochrophis-piscator-snake
#17
Ananda K Javare Gowda, B Kavitha Rani, C Nandeesha, Yashaswi Naravi
The checkered keelback is also known as Asiatic water snake and is common species of non-venomous snake known to occur in India. The present study report the occurrence of Ascaridia galli infection in a checkered keelback snake, which was found dead near Veterinary College hostel premises. The post-mortem examination of the snake revealed catarrhal exudate without ingesta in the stomach and showed gastric ulcerations with edema. Large numbers of round worms were packed in the lumen of small intestine with petechial haemorrhages and necrotic enteritis...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316390/sem-studies-on-acanthocephalan-parasite-echinorhynchus-veli-infecting-the-fish-synaptura-orientalis-bl-sch-1801
#18
S H Sheema, M V John, P V George
Echinorhynchus veli (George and Nadakal, 1978), an acanthocephalid worm infesting the estuarine flat fish, Synaptura orientalis, was collected from the Veli lake, Kerala. The parasite was recovered from the intestine of the host fish. The detailed surface morphology was studied with the help of scanning electron microscope. The study revealed a cylindrical, medially swollen proboscis with a flat apex, backward directed hooks, each with smooth surface, broad base, pointed tip and an epidermal elevation at the point of insertion...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316384/taxonomic-tools-for-the-identification-of-allogenarchopsisbareilliensis-n-sp-digenea-hemiuroidea-derogenidae-from-channastriata-of-rohilkhand-india-based-on-light-and-scanning-electron-microscopic-studies
#19
Neelima Gupta, Dileep K Gupta, Misako Urabe
The stomach of the freshwater snakehead murrel, Channastriata (n = 250) collected from fresh water habitats of Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India revealed Allogenarchopsis, a trematode parasite (Plagiorchiida: Derogenidae). An illustrated account of light (Olympus BX-53 with Cellsens software imaging system) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (Neo JCM-6000) of Allogenarchopsisbareilliensis n. sp. (prevalence 37 %, intensity 1-4 par/host) is provided. Light microscopy based studies warranting creation of a new species are the robust shape of the body with broad mid-body, blunt anterior and tapering posterior end, large ventral sucker, ratio of oral sucker: ventral sucker 1:3...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316380/integrated-parasite-management-with-special-reference-to-gastro-intestinal-nematodes
#20
REVIEW
I Maqbool, Z A Wani, R A Shahardar, I M Allaie, M M Shah
Domestic animals are susceptible to a large number of parasitic diseases, which lead to severe economic losses to livestock industry. So, it is necessary to control parasitic infections in these animals. Control of these helminths is undertaken mostly by anthelmintics, but because of their widespread use there is development of resistance across the globe. However, total dependence on a single method of control has proved to be non-sustainable and cost ineffective in the long term. A combination of treatment and management is necessary to control parasitism so that it will not cause further economic losses to producer as well as to livestock industry...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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