Read by QxMD icon Read


Hui Zhou, Jing Zhang, Linghong Guo, Ji Nie, Chenjing Zhu, Xuelei Ma
Head and neck cancer is difficult to diagnose early. We aimed to estimate the diagnosis value of narrow band imaging(NBI) in head and neck cancers. We identified relevant studies through a search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library. We used a random effect model. Subgroup analysis and meta-regression analysis were performed to estimate the factors which may influence the sensitivity and specificity of the NBI. We included 25 studies with total 6187 lesions. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood rate, negative likelihood rate and diagnostic odds ratios of NBI were 88...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Anna Rzepakowska, Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Raul Cruz, Maria Sobol, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
BACKGROUND: This is a comparative analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of narrow band imaging (NBI) and laryngovideostroboscopy (LVS) in the assessment of premalignant and malignant vocal fold lesions. METHODS: A prospective analysis was performed on 105 consecutive patients with vocal fold lesions. The NBI and LVS were obtained before the microsurgery. RESULTS: The NBI and LVS showed no significant differences in identifying premalignant and malignant pathologies...
January 10, 2018: Head & Neck
Yara Backes, Matthijs P Schwartz, Frank Ter Borg, Frank H J Wolfhagen, John N Groen, Wouter H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, Jeroen van Bergeijk, Joost M J Geesing, Bernhard W M Spanier, Paul Didden, Frank P Vleggaar, Miangela M Lacle, Sjoerd G Elias, Leon M G Moons
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the preresection accuracy of optical diagnosis of T1 colorectal cancer (CRC) in large non-pedunculated colorectal polyps (LNPCPs). DESIGN: In this multicentre prospective study, endoscopists predicted the histology during colonoscopy in consecutive patients with LNPCPs using a standardised procedure for optical assessment. The presence of morphological features assessed with white light, and vascular and surface pattern with narrow-band imaging (NBI) were recorded, together with the optical diagnosis, the confidence level of prediction and the recommended treatment...
January 3, 2018: Gut
Yi-Quan Xiong, Shu-Juan Ma, Hao-Yue Hu, Jing Ge, Li-Zhi Zhou, Shu-Ting Huo, Min Qiu, Qing Chen
AIMS: Barrett's esophagus (BE) predisposes to the development of esophageal neoplasia, including high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). A systematic literature review and meta-analysis were performed to assess the accuracy of within-patient comparisons of narrow band imaging (NBI) and confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) for diagnosis of HGD/EAC in patients with BE. METHODS: The following databases were examined up to April 2016 without language restriction: PubMed, Embase, Medline, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library...
December 22, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
J H Wu, X Y Luo
Objective: To evaluate the role of narrow band imaging (NBI) endoscopy in the diagnosis of laryngeal lesions. Methods: A total of 136 patients with laryngeal lesions were examined by NBI and white light (WLI) endoscopy from July 2016 to May 2017. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of NBI and WLI were calculated. SPSS 20.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results: Compared to WLI, NBI showed higher sensitivity (94.9% vs 83.3%), specificity (95...
December 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
J Y Si, J J Weng, B J Zhang, G P Lan, Y Yang, B Huang, Y L Wang, Y Qin, B Li, X Han, W M Xiong, Y F Si
Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value and feasibility of narrow-band imaging in detection of recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods: One thousand three hundred and sixty-four NPC patients who had completed NPC treatment were enrolled. All patients were followed-up with imaging, serological examination of EB virus and nasopharyngeal endoscopy(WL and NBI mode), in which (1) both white light (WL) and NBI modes were done; (2) positive endoscopic patients were given nasopharyngeal biopsy; (3) using histologic finding as criterion standard, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and Yonden's index of two modes were compared...
December 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Masaaki Kobayashi, Takahiro Hoshi, Shin-Ich Morita, Tsutomu Kanefuji, Takeshi Suda, Go Hasegawa, Shuji Terai
Background and study aims  We report a case series of 5 patients with collagenous colitis (CC) presenting with chronic watery diarrhea, who were subjected to magnifying, chromoendoscopy and narrow band imaging (NBI). Magnifying chromoendoscopy revealed whitish-clouded, honeycomb-like appearance at orifices of the crypts. NBI with high magnification revealed irregular caliber variation of the subepithelial capillary network. Presence of these features corresponded with histological characteristics of CC indicated by thickening of the subepithelial collagen layer...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
Wen-Lun Wang, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Ching-Tai Lee, Cheng-Hao Tseng, Chien-Chuan Chen, Ming-Lun Han, Chen-Shuan Chung, Ping-Hsin Hsieh, Wei-Lun Chang, Ping-Hsiu Wu, Wen-Hung Hsu, Hsu-Heng Yen, Hsiu-Po Wang, Chi-Yang Chang
BACKGROUND: Optimal staging of the invasion depth of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SESCC) is vital prior to endoscopic treatment. A new simplified magnified narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) classification system based on vascular architecture has recently been developed by the Japan Esophageal Society, however its validity remains uncertain. METHODS: A total of 11 experienced and 11 inexperienced endoscopists were invited to join an endoscopic training program, which was composed of pre-test, educational section, and post-test...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Daiki Hirano, Shiro Oka, Shinji Tanaka, Kyoku Sumimoto, Yuki Ninomiya, Yuzuru Tamaru, Kenjiro Shigita, Nana Hayashi, Yuji Urabe, Yasuhiko Kitadai, Fumio Shimamoto, Koji Arihiro, Kazuaki Chayama
BACKGROUND: Serrated adenocarcinoma (SAC) is a distinct colorectal carcinoma variant that accounts for approximately 7.5% of all advanced colorectal carcinomas. While its prognosis is worse than conventional carcinoma, its early-stage clinicopathologic features are unclear. We therefore aimed to clarify the clinicopathologic and endoscopic characteristics of early-stage SACs. METHODS: Forty consecutive early-stage SAC patients at Hiroshima University Hospital were enrolled; SACs were classified into epithelial serration (Group A, n = 17) and non-epithelial serration (Group B, n = 23) groups...
December 12, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
Takashi Kanesaka, Tsung-Chun Lee, Noriya Uedo, Kun-Pei Lin, Huai-Zhe Chen, Ji-Yuh Lee, Hsiu-Po Wang, Hsuan-Ting Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) is important in the diagnosis of early gastric cancers (EGCs), but requires expertise to master. We developed a computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) system to assist endoscopists in identifying and delineating EGCs. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and randomly selected 66 EGC M-NBI images and 60 non-cancer M-NBI images into a training set, and 61 EGC M-NBI images and 20 non-cancer M-NBI images into a test set...
December 7, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Marcelo A Beltrán, Horacio J García Del Corro, Mónica Couso, María D Gallo, Antonio Lettieri, Patricia V Barna
The association of the spread of community infections with poverty and overcrowding is well known. In our hospital, located in José C. Paz, we assist sporadic cases of post-cesarean infections caused by community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CaMRSA). In a prospective study of families treated at our hospital, we investigated the relationship between a history of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and extreme overcrowding defined as households with unsatisfied basic needs type 3 (NBI 3)...
2017: Medicina
Hiroshi Nakamura, Hiroaki Ikematsu, Shozo Osera, Renma Ito, Daiki Sato, Tatsunori Minamide, Naoki Okamoto, Yoichi Yamamoto, Takuya Hombu, Kenji Takashima, Keiichiro Nakajo, Tomohiro Kadota, Yusuke Yoda, Keisuke Hori, Yasuhiro Oono, Tomonori Yano
Background and study aims:  Visual assessment of laterally spreading tumors non-granular type (LST-NG) and depressed lesions by narrow band imaging (NBI) without magnification has not been studied. We investigated the role of non-magnifying NBI in detecting LST-NG and type IIc lesions on colonoscopy. Patients and methods:  This retrospective study examined consecutive patients diagnosed as having LST-NG and/or type IIc lesions in our hospital between August 2011 and July 2013...
December 2017: Endoscopy International Open
Diego Safian, Henk J G van der Kant, Diego Crespo, Jan Bogerd, Rüdiger W Schulz
Previous work showed that pharmacological inactivation of Igf-binding proteins (Igfbps), modulators of Igf activity, resulted in an excessive differentiation of type A undifferentiated (Aund) spermatogonia in zebrafish testis in tissue culture when Fsh was present in the incubation medium. Using this testis tissue culture system, we studied here the regulation of igfbp transcript levels by Fsh and two of its downstream effectors, Igf3 and 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT). We also explored how Fsh-modulated igfbp expression affected spermatogonial proliferation by adding or removing the Igfbp inhibitor NBI-31772 at different times...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
P S Akabah, S Mocan, C Molnar, D Dobru
Gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a rare form of highly malignant adenocarcinoma. It is an epithelial malignancy characterized by the histologic appearance of more than 50% of cells as signet ring cells filled with mucin. The incidence of SRCC is rising,[1],[2] therefore, the diagnosis of these cancers in the early stage is important as it is the only stage that curative measures can be done. A 49-year-old female was hospitalized due to epigastric pain, postprandial bloating for 3 months. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) showed 1...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A Probst, A Ebigbo, H Messmann
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic resection (ER) provides a minimally invasive treatment option for early gastrointestinal cancers. OBJECTIVE: Presentation of current guideline recommendations. Presentation and discussion of published data regarding ER of early esophageal cancer, early gastric cancer and early colorectal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of the current literature. Presentation of endoscopic case reports. RESULTS: New technologies, e...
November 29, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Chaicharn Deerochanawong, Natapong Kosachunhanun, Pitthaporn Chotikanokrat, Unchalee Permsuwan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the financial consequences of different adoption rate of Biphasic Insulin Aspart (BIAsp) 30 instead of Biphasic Human Insulin (BHI) 30 for people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Thailand from the payer's perspective. METHODS: The Excel-based International T2DM Budget Impact Model over a three-year period was used. The cohort was the T2DM patients who received treatment from government hospitals under the Universal Health Coverage Scheme. Demographic, the adverse events, and the costs were derived from published studies in Thailand...
November 25, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Tai-Bao Gao, Run-Qi Yan, Alexander J Metherell, Deng-Ke Cao, De-Ju Ye, Michael D Ward
Two isomeric Ir(iii) complexes Ir-O and Ir-R arising from the different coordination mode of a naphthalene-containing ligand, show distinct luminescence, self-assembly ability and cellular imaging behaviors.
November 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Fukuko Shimizu, Kenji Okami, Koji Ebisumoto, Daisuke Maki, Akihiro Sakai, Go Ogura, Naoya Nakamura, Masahiro Iida
Background: The incidence of human papillomavirus- (HPV-) related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has been rapidly increasing worldwide. HPV is reported in approximately 50% cases of OPSCC in Japan. However, there are few reports of synchronous bilateral HPV-positive tonsillar carcinoma, and, in almost all those cases, carcinoma was detected using positron emission tomography/computed tomography and/or bilateral tonsillectomy. Methods and Results: We report the case of a 63-year-old male with bilateral tonsillar carcinoma detected using transoral endoscopic examination with narrow-band imaging (NBI)...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Giancarlo Tirelli, Marco Piovesana, Alberto Vito Marcuzzo, Annalisa Gatto, Matteo Biasotto, Rossana Bussani, Lorenzo Zandonà, Fabiola Giudici, Francesca Boscolo Nata
PURPOSE: In a previous pilot study we observed that intra-operative narrow-band imaging (NBI) helps achieve clear superficial resection margins. The aim of this study was to verify if the use of intra-operative NBI can help to obtain tailored resections and if it is influenced by the lesion site, aspects not investigated in our previous study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The resection margins of 39 oral and 22 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas were first set at 1...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
J Li, W Xu, L Y Cheng
Objective: To investigate the value of stroboscopy and narrow band imaging (NBI)endoscopy in the diagnosis of vocal cord leukoplakia. Methods: Two hundred and forty-six patients with vocal cord leukoplakia who underwent laryngeal microsurgery and diagnosed by histopathology were recruited between August 2014 and July 2016 in this retrospective study. The diagnostic accuracy of stroboscopy and narrow band imaging endoscopy in the diagnosis of vocal cord leukoplakia was compared. SPSS21.0 software was used to analyze the data...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"