Read by QxMD icon Read


Sara Moccia, Gabriele O Vanone, Elena De Momi, Andrea Laborai, Luca Guastini, Giorgio Peretti, Leonardo S Mattos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early-stage diagnosis of laryngeal cancer is of primary importance to reduce patient morbidity. Narrow-band imaging (NBI) endoscopy is commonly used for screening purposes, reducing the risks linked to a biopsy but at the cost of some drawbacks, such as large amount of data to review to make the diagnosis. The purpose of this paper is to present a strategy to perform automatic selection of informative endoscopic video frames, which can reduce the amount of data to process and potentially increase diagnosis performance...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Y C Hao, C L Xiao, K Liu, Y Q Liu, L L Ma
Objective: To investigate application value of narrow-band imaging (NBI) flexible ureteroscopy in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of upper urinary tract transitional carcinomas (UTUC). Methods: From June 2015 to June 2017, 16 patients of UTUC were treated by flexible ureteroscopy with white light (WLI) and NBI at Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital , including 10 females and 6 males. The age of patients ranged from 43 to 84 years (average 68.9 years). There were 54 cases, including 16 cases with first-suspicion of cancer, and 38 cases with known of UTUC as follow-up...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Heetaek Oh, Gwang Ha Kim, Moon Won Lee, Hye Kyung Jeon, Dong Hoon Baek, Bong Eun Lee
Background and study aims:  Heterotopic pancreas is a common subepithelial lesion in the stomach. However, its histological diagnosis is difficult when tissue samples are obtained with a conventional biopsy forceps. This study aimed to describe the magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) features of gastric heterotopic pancreas. Patients and methods:  We retrospectively analyzed a database of all patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) at Pusan National University Hospital from January 2010 to December 2010...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Donatella Fiorucci, Ali Hreibi, Walid Chaibi
In future fusion reactors, heating system efficiency is of the utmost importance. Photo-neutralization substantially increases the neutral beam injector (NBI) efficiency with respect to the foreseen system in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) based on a gaseous target. In this paper, we propose a telescope-based configuration to be used in the NBI photo-neutralizer cavity of the demonstration power plant (DEMO) project. This configuration greatly reduces the total length of the cavity, which likely solves overcrowding issues in a fusion reactor environment...
March 1, 2018: Applied Optics
Seung Bin Kim, Sung Goo Yoon, Jonghyun Tae, Jae Yoon Kim, Ji Sung Shim, Sung Gu Kang, Jun Cheon, Jeong Gu Lee, Je Jong Kim, Seok Ho Kang
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) as a diagnostic tool for detecting bladder tumors during cystoscopy compared with white light cystoscopy (WLC). Materials and Methods: From December 2013 to June 2017, a randomized prospective study was conducted on 198 patients underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor by a single surgeon. The patients were divided into two groups according to diagnostic method...
March 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Wei Gai, Xi-Feng Jin, Ronglian Du, Ling Li, Tong-Hai Chai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) in the detecting early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions and to investigate the risk factors for its occurrence. METHODS: The esophagus was examined with ordinary endoscopy, NBI, and iodine staining. All the lesions were confirmed by histopathologically as the gold standard; NBI and intrapapillary capillary scale (IPCL) scale were compared with pathologic diagnosis...
March 8, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Naohisa Yoshida, Yuji Naito, Takaaki Murakami, Kiyoshi Ogiso, Ryohei Hirose, Yutaka Inada, Mitsuo Kishimoto, Rafiz Abdul Rani, Yoshito Itoh
Cold snare polypectomy (CSP) should be performed for benign lesions, though an accurate diagnosis is sometimes difficult with only white light observation. Irregular findings by narrow-band imaging (NBI) are useful for differentiating malignant lesions from benign lesions, and cases with this finding are not expected for CSP. We present a diminutive T1 cancer resected by CSP as a reflection case. A 68-year-old man underwent colonoscopy for surveillance after polypectomy. A reddish polyp 4 mm in size was detected at the rectum...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Fan Zhou, Liucheng Wu, Mingwei Huang, Qinwen Jin, Yuzhou Qin, Jiansi Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous clinical trials have demonstrated the diagnostic accuracy of magnifying narrow-band (ME-NBI) for gastric cancerous lesions, but the results are inconsistent. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to investigate the accuracy of ME-NBI in distinguishing between cancerous and noncancerous gastric lesions. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted until October 2016 in PubMed, Embase by 2 independent reviewers. Meta-analysis was performed to calculate the pooled sensitivity, specificity...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
C S Farah
PURPOSE: Overall local recurrence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is estimated at 20%. Incomplete primary tumour excision contributes to localised postsurgical recurrence of OSCC. The purpose of this study was to report on patient outcomes following resection of OSCC using Narrow Band Imaging (NBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with OSCC requiring resection were visualised under conventional white light (WL) then NBI using an Olympus NBI ENF-VQ nasendoscope with CLV-180 light source and processor (Olympus Medical Systems, Tokyo, Japan)...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
Koji Mita, Kohei Kobatake, Shinya Ohara, Masao Kato
The aim of this study was to reveal the clinical benefits of transurethral resection (TUR) under narrow band imaging (NBI-TUR) for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) compared with conventional white light imaging TUR (WLI-TUR). The subjects were 172 patients with NMIBC who were followed for more than 1 year after undergoing TUR with no additional postoperative treatment. In the WLI-TUR group (n=101), lesions that were detected as positive after systematic intravesical observation under WLI were resected completely under WLI...
January 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Kunihisa Uchita, Kenji Kanenishi, Koki Hirano, Hideki Kobara, Noriko Nishiyama, Ai Kawada, Shintaro Fujihara, Emi Ibuki, Reiji Haba, Yohei Takahashi, Yuka Kai, Kenji Yorita, Hirohito Mori, Jun Kunikata, Naoki Nishimoto, Toshiyuki Hata, Tsutomu Masaki
BACKGROUND: Colposcopy, which is a standard modality for diagnosing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), can have limited accuracy owing to poor visibility. Flexible magnifying endoscopy with narrow band imaging (ME-NBI) has excellent diagnostic accuracy for early gastrointestinal neoplasms and is expected to be highly useful for CIN diagnosis. This study aimed to determine the characteristic findings and evaluate the diagnostic ability of ME-NBI for lesions ≥ CIN 3. METHODS: A well-designed prospective diagnostic case series conducted at multiple tertiary-care centers...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Deberton Moura, Vithor Barcelos, Gisella Rossana Lamas Samanamud, Alexandre Boscaro França, Renata Lofrano, Carla Cristina Almeida Loures, Luzia Lima Rezende Naves, Mateus Souza Amaral, Fabiano Luiz Naves
Amoxicillin is a useful antibiotic to combat bacterial infections. However, this drug can cause serious problems when discarded in waterways due to its great bioaccumulation potential. This compound can be treated via advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), which are capable of converting amoxicillin into carbon dioxide and water. In this context, the use of ozone as an oxidizer has excelled in amoxicillin degradation. This paper aims at treating a synthetic solution of amoxicillin (0.1 g L -1 ) in a reactor with ozone bubbling...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Takashi Nagahama, Kenshi Yao, Noriya Uedo, Hisashi Doyama, Tetsuya Ueo, Kunihisa Uchita, Hideki Ishikawa, Takashi Kanesaka, Yasuhito Takeda, Kurato Wada, Kentaro Imamura, Hisatomi Arima, Toshio Shimokawa
BACKGROUND: Accurate delineation of tumor margins is necessary for curative resection of early gastric cancer (EGC). The objective of this multicenter, randomized, controlled study was to compare the accuracy with which magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) and indigo carmine chromoendoscopy delineate EGC margins. METHODS: Patients with EGC ≥ 10 mm undergoing endoscopic or surgical resection were enrolled. The oral-side margins of the lesions were first evaluated with conventional white-light endoscopy in both groups and then delineated by either chromoendoscopy or M-NBI...
February 13, 2018: Endoscopy
Chikatoshi Katada, Satoshi Tanabe, Takuya Wada, Kenji Ishido, Takafumi Yano, Yasuaki Furue, Yuki Kondo, Natsuko Kawanishi, Sakiko Yamane, Akinori Watanabe, Mizutomo Azuma, Wasaburo Koizumi
PURPOSE: Treatment strategies for superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (S-ESCC) are determined mainly on the basis of the depth of invasion. We retrospectively studied the accuracy of the depth of tumor invasion, comprehensively assessed using the Japan Esophageal Society (JES) classification. METHODS: The study group comprised 256 patients who underwent narrow band imaging (NBI) magnifying endoscopy, and endoscopic submucosal dissection for S-ESCC. The depth of invasion of S-ESCC was classified into three groups: EP/LPM, MM/SM1, and SM2...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Huzairi Yaacob, Sani Mohamad Ikhwan, Mohd Nizam Hashim, Syed Hassan Syed Abd Aziz, Wan Zainira Wan Zain, Sharifah Emilia Tuan Sharif, Firdaus Hayati, Andee Dzulkarnaen Zakaria
INTRODUCTION: Colonoscopy is the gold standard to detect colorectal neoplasm. Narrow-band imaging (NBI) has a good diagnostic accuracy to differentiate between neoplastic and non-neoplastic colorectal lesions. This study explores the diagnostic validity of NBI colonoscopy as well as its associated factors related to neoplastic and non-neoplastic colorectal lesions. METHODS: This study enrolled 100 patients in a single-center tertiary teaching hospital. Patients presented for screening colonoscopy, and those with suspicious colorectal lesions were included in this study...
February 8, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Natalia I Yarushkina, Ludmila P Filaretova
The corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is involved in somatic pain regulation and may produce an analgesic effect in humans and animals, although the mechanisms of the CRF-induced analgesia remain unclear. CRF action is mediated by the CRF receptors of subtypes 1 and 2 (CRF-R1 and CRF-R2, respectively). Activation of the hypothalamic -pituitary -adrenocortical axis (HPA) is provided by CRF-R1; but CRF-R2 are also involved in the regulation of the HPA axis, and, respectively, glucocorticoids, the end hormones of the HPA axis, also participate in somatic pain regulation...
February 5, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
Takashi Hisabe, Sumio Tsuda, Toshio Hoashi, Hiroshi Ishihara, Kazutomo Yamasaki, Tatsuhisa Yasaka, Fumihito Hirai, Toshiyuki Matsui, Kenshi Yao, Hiroshi Tanabe, Akinori Iwashita
Background and study aims:  The non-extension sign relates to a localized increase in thickness and rigidity due to deep submucosal invasive (SM-d: depth of 1000 μm or more) cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the non-extension sign in assessing the optical diagnosis of colorectal SM-d cancer. Patients and methods:  We retrospectively analyzed 309 patients with 315 early colorectal cancers that had been endoscopically or surgically resected...
February 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Takashi Kanesaka, Noriya Uedo, Kenshi Yao, Yasumasa Ezoe, Hisashi Doyama, Ichiro Oda, Kazuhiro Kaneko, Yoshiro Kawahara, Chizu Yokoi, Yasushi Sugiura, Hideki Ishikawa, Yoji Takeuchi, Masamichi Arao, Taro Iwatsubo, Hiroyoshi Iwagami, Kenji Matsuno, Manabu Muto, Yutaka Saito, Yasuhiko Tomita
Background and study aims:  With magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) of the gastric mucosa, a characteristic demarcation line (DL) is occasionally found in non-cancerous depressed lesions. This DL forms multiple convex shapes along the edge of the epithelia of surrounding mucosa. We have termed this novel finding a multiple convex DL (MCDL). In this study, we clarified the prevalence of an MCDL in depressed gastric lesions detected in patients at high risk for gastric cancer and determined the diagnostic yield necessary to distinguish between cancer and non-cancer...
February 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Marta Filauro, Alberto Paderno, Pietro Perotti, Filippo Marchi, Sabrina Garofolo, Giorgio Peretti, Cesare Piazza
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There is no general consensus on what kind of examination to include in an optimal detection strategy for head and neck squamous cell carcinomas of unknown primary (SCCUPs). This study investigates the role of narrow-band imaging (NBI) in their identification. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: Twenty-nine consecutive patients affected by SCCUPs were referred at two academic institutions. Selection criteria were: 1) lymph node cytology positive for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); 2) no evidence of any primary at white light (WL); 3) negative contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography-CT; and 4) no contraindication to general anesthesia...
February 2, 2018: Laryngoscope
Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Anna Nogués-Sabaté, Jose Luis Blanch, Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, Francesc Xavier Avilés-Jurado, Isabel Vilaseca
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of white light endoscopy in combination with narrow band imaging (WLE + NBI) for diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) does not reach 100%. We evaluated the characteristics of the false-negative and false-positive cases. METHODS: Five hundred thirty lesions of the upper airways were evaluated. The WLE was followed by NBI examination before performing a biopsy. RESULTS: The false-negative lesions (7.36%) were represented by submucosal and non-SCC tumors...
January 31, 2018: Head & Neck
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"