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Parental nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681248/effectiveness-of-a-parental-school-based-intervention-to-improve-young-children-s-eating-patterns-a-pilot-study
#1
Ana Isabel Gomes, Luisa Barros, Ana Isabel Pereira, Magda Sofia Roberto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot study of a parental school-based intervention to promote healthy eating behaviours in young children. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental longitudinal design with three conditions (complete intervention (CIG), minimal intervention (MIG), control (CG)), with repeated measures at baseline, immediately after the intervention, 6 months and 1 year after intervention. SETTING: Fourteen public and state-funded kindergartens near Lisbon, Portugal...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680117/changes-in-nutrition-policies-and-dietary-intake-in-child-care-homes-participating-in-healthy-eating-and-active-living-initiative
#2
Gail Woodward-Lopez, Janice Kao, Elena S Kuo, Paula James, Kitty Lenhart, Christina Becker, Kathryn Boyle, Dana Williamson, Suzanne Rauzon
INTRODUCTION: From 2012 to 2014, a total of 17 family child care homes participated in a multisector, community-wide initiative to prevent obesity. Strategies included staff workshops, materials, site visits, and technical assistance regarding development and implementation of nutrition policies. The purpose of the evaluation was to examine the impact of the initiative on family child care home nutrition-related policies and practices and child dietary intake. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention without control group...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676928/effect-of-reflexology-on-infantile-colic
#3
Sibel Icke, Rabia Genc
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of reflexology on infantile colic. DESIGN: A total of 64 babies with colic were included in this study (n = 31: study group; n = 33: control group). Following a pediatrician's diagnosis, two groups (study and control) were created. Sociodemographic data (including mother's age, educational status, and smoking habits of parents) and medical history of the baby (including gender, birth weight, mode of delivery, time of the onset breastfeeding after birth, and nutrition style) were collected...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671251/quality-of-life-of-middle-aged-adults-in-single-households-in-south-korea
#4
Hyun Jin Song, Susan Park, Jin-Won Kwon
PURPOSE: The number of single households has increased worldwide with middle-aged people in such households indicating the highest increase. However, there is a lack of studies on the topic. This study estimated the quality of life (QOL) by household type for middle-aged Korean adults. METHODS: We used the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2007 to 2015. QOL was analyzed using EQ-5D 3-level, and demographic and health-related variables were included as confounders...
April 18, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670260/familial-clustering-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-via-shared-environment-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2012
#5
Namki Hong, Young Ki Lee, Yumie Rhee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Familial correlation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration (25(OH)D) was reported in twin- or parent-offspring studies. However, data on relative contribution of environmental factors on familial clustering of 25(OH)D in extended families are limited. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed cross-sectional study using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2012. Familial correlations of 25(OH)D were estimated in 28,551 subjects from 10,882 families...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666347/marker-assisted-introgression-of-opaque2-allele-for-rapid-conversion-of-elite-hybrids-into-quality-protein-maize
#6
Firoz Hossain, Vignesh Muthusamy, Neha Pandey, Ashish K Vishwakarma, Aanchal Baveja, Rajkumar U Zunjare, Nepolean Thirunavukkarasu, Supradip Saha, Kanchikeri M Manjaiah Manjaiah, Boddupalli M Prasanna, Hari S Gupta
Maize is a valuable source of food and feed worldwide. Maize endosperm protein is, however nutritionally poor due to the reduced levels of two essential amino acids, lysine and tryptophan. In this study, recessive opaque2 (o2) allele that confers enhanced endosperm lysine and tryptophan, was introgressed using marker-assisted backcross breeding into three normal inbred lines (HKI323, HKI1105 and HKI1128). These are the parental lines of three popular medium-maturing single cross hybrids (HM4, HM8 and HM9) in India...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666195/effect-of-larval-nutrition-on-maternal-mrna-contribution-to-the-drosophila-egg
#7
Amanda E Crofton, Emily L Cartwright, Anna A Feitzinger, Susan E Lott
Embryonic development begins under the control of maternal gene products, mRNAs and proteins that the mother deposits into the egg; the zygotic genome is activated some time later. Maternal control of early development is conserved across metazoans. Gene products contributed by mothers are critical to many early developmental processes, and set up trajectories for the rest of development. Maternal deposition of these factors is an often-overlooked aspect of parental investment. If the mother experiences challenging environmental conditions, such as poor nutrition, previous studies in Drosophila melanogaster have demonstrated a plastic response wherein these mothers may produce larger eggs to buffer the offspring against the same difficult environment...
April 17, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663983/associations-of-parenthood-with-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#8
Valerie Carson, Kristi Adamo, Ryan E Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of the presence, number, and the age of children living in the household with adult physical activity, sedentary behavior (sitting and screen time), and sleep behaviors in a large representative sample. METHODS: Participants were 8312 adults aged 20-65 from the 2011-2014 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Presence (yes/no), the number of children (none, 1, ≥2), the age of the youngest child (none, ≤5 years, 6-17 years) as well as leisure time physical activity, sitting, screen time, and sleep benchmarks were derived from the home interview...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661582/parents-preferences-for-interventions-to-improve-childhood-immunization-uptake-in-northern-nigeria
#9
Sachiko Ozawa, Mo Zhou, Chizoba Wonodi, Hui-Han Chen, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Routine childhood immunization coverage has been low in northern Nigeria. While local authorities and international partners have been working hard to improve coverage, population preferences for interventions have not been documented. This study aimed to understand parents' preferences and identify possible interventions to improve uptake of childhood immunization. METHODS: Preferences for immunization interventions were elicited using a best-worst scaling (BWS) instrument among parents with children under five...
April 13, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655761/the-relationship-between-culinary-skills-and-eating-behaviors-challenges-and-opportunities-for-parents-and-families
#10
Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Darin Leonard
Unhealthy dietary intake among American children and adults is of great concern to public health practitioners, nutritional scientists, and child development experts. Cooking skills are related to healthier dietary intake among Americans of all ages, but remain a substantial barrier for many parents who want to serve healthy meals for their families at home. Culinary education interventions are effective solutions for many parents who do not know how to cook, but issues with participation bias mean that these programs are not effective solutions for all individuals...
April 12, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650942/-a-case-of-successful-management-of-postoperative-chylous-ascites-by-combination-therapy-with-octreotide-and-etilefrine
#11
Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Junzo Shimizu, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Akihiro Takata, Chizu Kameda, Ryohei Kawabata, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junichi Hasegawa
We have report a case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic body cancer. Chy- lous ascites with high triglyceride(TG)level, 201mg/dL, occurred on postoperative day 2. Continuous drainage and conservative management, such as low fat diet, fasting, total parental nutrition, and octreotide monotherapy, could not resolve the problem. Successful treatment was achieved using subcutaneous octreotide injection and intravenous etilefrine infusion without any adverse side-effect. These medications were able to cause smooth muscle contraction in the thoracic duct, and also to reduce chyle flow...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650386/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-coverage-among-females-and-males-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-2007-2016
#12
Rayleen M Lewis, Lauri E Markowitz
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has been routinely recommended at age 11-12 years in the United States for females since 2006 and males since 2011. Coverage can be estimated using self/parent-reported HPV vaccination collected in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for a wider age range than other national surveys. We assessed vaccination coverage in 2015-2016, temporal trends by age, and the validity of self/parent-reported vaccination status...
April 9, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617162/dietary-acculturation-among-black-immigrant-families-living-in-ottawa-a-qualitative-study
#13
Rosanne Blanchet, Constance P Nana, Dia Sanou, Malek Batal, Isabelle Giroux
The study explores the dietary acculturation process among first-generation immigrant families from sub-Saharan Africa or the Caribbean living in Ottawa (Canada). In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 12 mothers. The interaction between accelerating factors and other mediating factors resulted in a spiral of dietary changes triggered by immigration. The spiral evolved at different paces from traditional to acculturated and toward healthy or unhealthy diets and was hard to stop or to change in its direction once it started...
April 4, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614202/health-related-correlates-of-psychological-well-being-among-girls-and-boys-6-8-years-of-age-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-children-study
#14
Tiina Ikävalko, Soili Lehto, Niina Lintu, Juuso Väistö, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Eero A Haapala, Anu Vierola, Riitta Myllykangas, Henri Tuomilehto, Soren Brage, Riitta Pahkala, Matti Närhi, Timo A Lakka
AIM: Due to limited knowledge on the differences in the correlates of psychological well-being (PSWB) between girls and boys, we compared the correlates of PSWB between primary school girls and boys. METHODS: A population sample of 412 children participated in the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children study. Parents completed a questionnaire that included 19 questions on the components of PSWB, and a PSWB score was computed. We assessed correlates of PSWB, including physical activity, sedentary behaviour, cardiorespiratory fitness, diet quality, body fat content, sleep duration, sleep disordered breathing, prevalent diseases and parental characteristics...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610425/vitamin-excess-and-deficiency
#15
Liliane Diab, Nancy F Krebs
The published literature supports the high prevalence of supplement use in children and adolescents in the United States. Pediatricians today are faced with questions from parents and patients about the benefits, safety, efficacy, and correct dose of vitamins and minerals. In this article, we review 7 vitamins with the most clinical relevance as judged by abundance in food, risks and symptoms of deficiency, and potential for toxicity. Specifically, we focus on possible clinical scenarios that can be indicative of nutritional deficiency...
April 2018: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#16
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607385/assessment-of-nutritional-problems-in-pediatric-patients-with-cancer-and-the-information-needs-of-their-parents-a-parental-perspective
#17
Tuba Arpaci, Ebru Kilicarslan Toruner, Naime Altay
Objective: The majority of problems and symptoms occur in the gastrointestinal system in children with cancer. Parents have difficulty in coping with the nutritional problems and changing routines of children and need support in this respect. This study aimed to assess the nutritional problems of children with cancer and the information needs of their parents. Methods: This descriptive study was performed among children with cancer aged 3-18 years and their parents ( n = 69)...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606595/-informative-predation-towards-a-new-species-concept
#18
Philippe Lherminier
We distinguish two types of predations: the predation of matter-energy equals the food chain, and the informative predation is the capture of the information brought by the sexual partners. The cell or parent consumes energy and matter to grow, multiply and produce offspring. A fixed amount of resources is divided by the number of organisms, so individual growth and numerical multiplication are limited by depletion resources of the environment. Inversely, fertilization does not destroy information, but instead produces news...
March 29, 2018: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606021/wastage-of-standardised-parenteral-nutrition-solution-a-challenge-for-neonatal-units
#19
Mangesh Deshmukh, Jessica Grzejszczyk, Shailender Mehta, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: Standardised parental nutrition (PN) has been used in many neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Easy accessibility, better provision of nutrients, reduced prescription errors and cost savings are some of its benefits. Fixed large volume (e.g. 750-1000 mL) and short expiry limit (48 hrs) along with changing metabolic needs of neonates leads to significant wastage of PN solution. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate wastage of PN solution in our 22-bedded NICU. METHODS: The audit was conducted over 21-month period (July 2015-April 2017)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603504/a-high-quality-pedigree-and-genetic-markers-both-reveal-inbreeding-depression-for-quality-but-not-survival-in-a-cooperative-mammal
#20
David A Wells, Michael A Cant, Hazel J Nichols, Joseph I Hoffman
Inbreeding depression, the reduced fitness of offspring of closely related parents, is commonplace in both captive and wild populations and has important consequences for conservation and mating system evolution. However, because of the difficulty of collecting pedigree and life history data from wild populations, relatively few studies have been able to compare inbreeding depression for traits at different points in the life cycle. Moreover, pedigrees give the expected proportion of the genome that is identical by descent (IBDg ) whereas in theory with enough molecular markers realised IBDg  can be quantified directly...
March 30, 2018: Molecular Ecology
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