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Parental nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#1
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219073/proportion-of-infants-meeting-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-data-from-the-melbourne-infant-program
#2
Kylie D Hesketh, Katherine L Downing, Karen Campbell, David Crawford, Jo Salmon, Jill A Hnatiuk
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the movement behaviours of infants, despite evidence that these are important for development. The release of new Australian 24-hour Movement Guidelines provides an opportunity to document the current state of movement behaviours in infants relative to these guidelines. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of 4 month old Australian infants meeting the 24-hour Movement Guidelines, individually, and in combination, and to describe associations with individual characteristics...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217466/influence-of-corticosterone-treatment-on-nestling-begging-in-florida-scrub-jays-aphelocoma-coerulescens
#3
Emily K Elderbrock, Thomas W Small, Stephan J Schoech
Altricial young are dependent on adults for protection and food, and they display nutritional need by begging to elicit feeding from parents. Begging at high levels can be energetically expensive and attract predators; thus, an individual must balance its nutritional needs with these potential costs. Further, because a parent is limited in the amount of food it can provide, begging can contribute to both parent-offspring conflict and sibling-sibling competition. Many extrinsic and intrinsic factors may contribute to begging behavior...
December 4, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214457/gut-microbiota-and-host-juvenile-growth
#4
REVIEW
Martin Schwarzer, Maura Strigini, François Leulier
Good genes, good food, good friends. That is what parents hope will sustain and nurture the harmonious growth of their children. The impact of the genetic background and nutrition on postnatal growth has been in the spot light for long, but the good friends have come to the scene only recently. Among the good friends perhaps the most crucial ones are those that we are carrying within ourselves. They comprise the trillions of microbes that collectively constitute each individual's intestinal microbiota. Indeed, recent epidemiological and field studies in humans, supported by extensive experimental data on animal models, demonstrate a clear role of the intestinal microbiota on their host's juvenile growth, especially under suboptimal nutrient conditions...
December 6, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212627/how-do-infant-feeding-apps-in-china-measure-up-a-content-quality-assessment
#5
Jing Zhao, Becky Freeman, Mu Li
BACKGROUND: Globally, with the popularization of mobile phones, the number of health-related mobile phone apps has skyrocketed to 259,000 in 2016. In the digital era, people are accessing health information through their fingertips. In China, there are several apps that claim to provide infant feeding and nutrition guidance. However, the quality of information in those apps has not been extensively assessed. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the quality of Chinese infant feeding apps using comprehensive quality assessment criteria and to explore Chinese mothers' perceptions on apps' quality and usability...
December 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202697/genetic-diversity-and-association-mapping-of-mineral-element-concentrations-in-spinach-leaves
#6
Jun Qin, Ainong Shi, Beiquan Mou, Michael A Grusak, Yuejin Weng, Waltram Ravelombola, Gehendra Bhattarai, Lingdi Dong, Wei Yang
BACKGROUND: Spinach is a useful source of dietary vitamins and mineral elements. Breeding new spinach cultivars with high nutritional value is one of the main goals in spinach breeding programs worldwide, and identification of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers for mineral element concentrations is necessary to support spinach molecular breeding. The purpose of this study was to conduct a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and to identify SNP markers associated with mineral elements in the USDA-GRIN spinach germplasm collection...
December 4, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201121/assessment-of-toxoplasma-seropositivity-in-children-suffering-from-anxiety-disorders
#7
Shahla Afsharpaiman, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi, Mojtaba Mahmoodinejad, Shahnaz Shirbazoo, Susan Amirsalari, Mohammad Torkaman, Shokoofeh Radfar
Objective: This study aimed to assess the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in children with anxiety disorders. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between Sep 2012 and May 2013 in Pediatrics Clinic of Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Children were assessed clinically. Diagnosis of patients with anxiety disorders was based on DSM-4 system, performed by child psychiatrist. Then their anti-Toxoplasma antibodies were measured. A questionnaire was verbally administered to all individuals' parents including demographic information and questions about life style, family history, medical history, economic situation, residence, nutritional patterns and contact with animals...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198971/characteristics-of-feeding-tube-dependency-with-respect-to-food-aversive-behaviour-and-growth
#8
Markus Wilken, Peter Bartmann, Terence M Dovey, Soyhan Bagci
The use of feeding tubes in pediatric medical procedures and management has dramatically increased over the last three decades. With this increase, the prevalence of Feeding Tube Dependency (FTD) - a reliance on enteral feeding following medical recovery due to lack of oral intake of nutrition, despite being able to eat- has increased too. It has been suggested, that cases with FTD show avoidant feeding behaviours such as food refusal, gagging or swallowing resistance, but evidence for this hypothesis is scarce...
November 30, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198087/-training-workshops-for-bedouin-mothers-prevention-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-children-results-from-a-community-trial-study
#9
Orly Kerub, Ziva Shtal, Einat Zinchik, Wadha Alatawna, Hillel Vardi, Natalya Bilenko
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world, contributing to childhood morbidity and mortality. Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of caretakers and parents of toddlers can significantly prevent anemia. OBJECTIVES: Assessment of workshop intervention to alter knowledge, attitudes and behavior in mothers of toddlers in the Bedouin population. METHODS: Community trial study. The intervention group included: 150 mothers of healthy one-year-old toddlers receiving workshops culturally tailored for a month in addition to standard training in "Tipat-Halav" (Baby clinic)...
November 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195725/benefits-of-a-bedtime-routine-in-young-children-sleep-development-and-beyond
#10
REVIEW
Jodi A Mindell, Ariel A Williamson
This paper presents a conceptual model and reviews the empirical evidence to support a nightly bedtime routine as a key factor in the promotion of not only healthy sleep, but also of broad development and wellbeing in early childhood. A bedtime routine embodies the characteristics of nurturing care and early child stimulation, which are deemed to be essential for positive outcomes, especially for at-risk children. Furthermore, common, adaptive components of a bedtime routine can contribute to an array of positive developmental outcomes beyond improved sleep, inclusive of language development, literacy, child emotional and behavioral regulation, parent-child attachment, and family functioning, among other outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#11
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193842/determining-the-risk-factors-and-clinical-features-associated-with-severe-gastrointestinal-dysmotility-in-systemic-sclerosis
#12
Zsuzsanna H McMahan, Julie J Paik, Fredrick M Wigley, Laura K Hummers
OBJECTIVE: A subset of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) develop severe gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility. We sought to determine predictors of severe SSc GI dysmotility and to identify distinct features associated with this phenotype. METHODS: Patients with SSc who required supplemental nutrition (enteral or parental tube feeding) were compared to SSc patients with mild GI symptoms in a cross-sectional analysis. The association between severe GI dysmotility and clinical and serological features was examined using logistic regression...
November 28, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193281/a-randomised-trial-of-enteral-glutamine-supplementation-for-very-preterm-children-showed-no-beneficial-or-adverse-long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcomes
#13
E Sabrina Twilhaar, Jorrit F de Kieviet, Jaap Oosterlaan, Ruurd M van Elburg
AIM: This study evaluated the long-term effects of enteral glutamine supplementation on neurodevelopmental outcomes of a Dutch cohort of very preterm children at 13 years of age. METHODS: The cohort was enrolled in a randomised placebo-controlled trial between 2001-2003 in which infants received glutamine- or alanine-supplemented enteral nutrition during the first month of life. Participants were invited for follow up at a mean age of 13.30 years. Motor, neurocognitive, academic and behavioural outcomes were assessed in 61 children...
November 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188545/historical-legacies-social-capital-and-women-s-decision-making-power-religion-and-child-nutrition-in-mozambique
#14
Victor Agadjanian, Natalie A Jansen
In sub-Saharan settings, parental religion may have important implications for children's health and well-being. Using survey data from rural Mozambique, we examine the relationship between women's religion and the likelihood of their children being chronically malnourished (stunted). Multivariate analyses show that children of religiously affiliated women are significantly less likely to be stunted than children of non-affiliated women. We also find a strong advantage of mainline Protestants, especially compared to members of Pentecostal-type denominations, net of other factors...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185782/reemergence-of-blended-tube-feeding-and-parent-s-reported-experiences-in-their-tube-fed-children
#15
Teresa W Johnson, Amy L Spurlock, Lisa Epp, Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S Mundi
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare providers (HCPs) report increased interest in blenderized tube feeding (BTF) as an alternative to commercial formula (CF) feeding-particularly in families of tube fed children. The objective of this study was to explore parents' reported experiences of CF and BTF in their children. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study utilizing a convenience sample. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Parents (n = 433) of tube fed children in an online tube feeding support group completed an electronic survey to compare experiences of CF and BTF in their tube fed children...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185090/meat-consumption-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-among-men-and-women-in-the-cancer-prevention-study-ii-nutrition-cohort
#16
Marjorie L McCullough, Eric J Jacobs, Roma Shah, Peter T Campbell, Ying Wang, Terryl J Hartman, Susan M Gapstur
PURPOSE: Prospective cohort studies suggest that red and processed meat consumption is associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer among men, but not women. However, evidence is limited, and less evidence exists for other types of meat. METHODS: Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for the association of meat consumption, by type, with pancreatic cancer risk among 138,266 men and women in the Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort...
November 28, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178238/intergenerational-effects-of-nutrition-on-immunity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Catherine E Grueber, Lindsey J Gray, Katrina M Morris, Stephen J Simpson, Alistair M Senior
Diet and immunity are both highly complex processes through which organisms interact with their environment and adapt to variable conditions. Parents that are able to transmit information to their offspring about prevailing environmental conditions have a selective advantage by 'priming' the physiology of their offspring. We used a meta-analytic approach to test the effect of parental diet on offspring immune responses. Using the geometric framework for nutrition (a method for analysing diet compositions wherein food nutrient components are expressed as axes in a Cartesian coordinate space) to define dietary manipulations in terms of their energy and macronutrient compositions, we compiled the results of 226 experiments from 38 published papers on the intergenerational effects of diet on immunity, across a range of study species and immunological responses...
November 27, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168887/implications-of-who-guideline-on-sugars-for-dental-health-professionals
#18
REVIEW
Paula Moynihan, Yuka Makino, Poul Erik Petersen, Hiroshi Ogawa
The burden of oral disease is high in populations across the world. This is because of high consumption of free sugars. The WHO Guideline on Sugars Intake for Adults and Children recommended limiting free sugars to no more than 5% energy intake to protect oral health throughout the life-course. The objectives of this paper are to consider the implications of the Guideline for dental health practice and to advocate use of the common risk factor approach when providing dietary advice. As part of a broad range of actions needed to reduce free sugars intake, improved education for dental health professionals and supporting patients to eat less free sugars are key actions for the dental profession...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168220/number-needed-to-suffer-replying-to-comments-on-my-paper
#19
Per-Arne Lönnqvist
I would like to reply to the issues raised by the letter from Dr Barrington (1) on my Different View article on disability-free survival and number needed to suffer (2). However, first of all I would like to provide some important background on my interest in this area.First, I worked in NICU care for more than 10 years before focusing on paediatric anaesthesia and I am the proud father of premature triplets born at 31+4 weeks. As such, I have also been a parent who has witnessed NICU care three times for three months, including surfactant replacement, mechanical ventilation, surgical ductus ligation, sepsis and necrotising entercolitis treated by nil-by-mouth, total parenteral nutrition and antibiotics...
November 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166956/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-india-perspective
#20
Logan Manikam, Ankita Prasad, Abina Dharmaratnam, Christy Moen, Alexandra Robinson, Alexander Light, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in India. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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