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Parental nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650250/a-retrospective-longitudinal-claims-based-comparison-of-concomitant-diagnoses-between-individuals-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#1
Amanda M Kong, Dana Hurley, Kristin A Evans, Diana Brixner, Csilla Csoboth, Jeannie Visootsak
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) experience various comorbidities in excess of the prevalence seen among the non-DS population. However, the extent of the excess burden of comorbidities specifically within commercially and publicly insured DS populations aged < 21 years is not currently known. OBJECTIVES: To (a) describe the most common diagnoses among individuals with DS who have either commercial or Medicaid insurance and (b) compare the prevalence of those diagnoses between DS cases and non-DS controls...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641740/the-power-of-language-nutrition-for-children-s-brain-development-health-and-future-academic-achievement
#2
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Taylor A Thul, Michael S Zauche, Arianne B Weldon, Jennifer L Stapel-Wax
Language Nutrition, a term created to describe language exposure that is rich in quality and quantity and delivered in the context of social interactions, is crucial for a child's development and is strongly associated with his/her future literacy, academic achievement, and health. However, significant differences in children's early language environments contribute to disparities in their educational and health trajectories. Interventions, including book distribution programs, coaching parents to enrich their child's language environment, and public awareness campaigns, have all been shown to positively influence a child's access to language-rich interactions...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637517/priorities-for-african-youth-for-engaging-in-dohad
#3
A J Macnab, R Mukisa
A challenge for implementing DOHaD-defined health promotion is how to engage the at-risk population. The WHO Health Promoting School (HPS) model has proven success engaging youth and improving health behaviors. Hence, we introduced DOHaD concepts to 151 pupils aged 12-15 years in three HPS programs in rural Uganda, inquired what factors would make DOHaD-related health promotion resonate with them, and discussed how they recommended making learning about DOHaD acceptable to youth. Economic factors were judged the most compelling; with nutrition and responsive care elements next in importance...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636615/family-living-sets-the-stage-for-cooperative-breeding-and-ecological-resilience-in-birds
#4
Michael Griesser, Szymon M Drobniak, Shinichi Nakagawa, Carlos A Botero
Cooperative breeding is an extreme form of cooperation that evolved in a range of lineages, including arthropods, fish, birds, and mammals. Although cooperative breeding in birds is widespread and well-studied, the conditions that favored its evolution are still unclear. Based on phylogenetic comparative analyses on 3,005 bird species, we demonstrate here that family living acted as an essential stepping stone in the evolution of cooperative breeding in the vast majority of species. First, families formed by prolonging parent-offspring associations beyond nutritional independency, and second, retained offspring began helping at the nest...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634247/clinicians-perceptions-of-screening-for-food-insecurity-in-suburban-pediatric-practice
#5
Deepak Palakshappa, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: National organizations recommend pediatricians screen for food insecurity (FI). Although there has been growing research in urban practices, little research has addressed FI screening in suburban practices. We evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of screening in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study that implemented FI screening in 6 suburban pediatric primary care practices. We included all children presenting for either a 2-, 15-, or 36-month well-child visit (N = 5645)...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629327/female-begging-calls-reflect-nutritional-need-of-nestlings-in-the-hen-harrier-circus-cyaneus
#6
Steve Redpath, Alex Thompson, Arjun Amar
BACKGROUND: Most birds exhibit bi-parental care with both sexes providing food for their young. Nestling signal food needs through begging. However, for some species, males rarely visit the nest, so have limited opportunity for gaining information directly from the chicks. Instead, females beg when males deliver food. We tested whether this calling signalled nutritional need and specifically the needs of the female (Breeder Need hypothesis) or that of their chicks (Offspring Need hypothesis)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#7
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624879/lc-ms-ms-proteomic-analysis-of-starved-bacillus-subtilis-cells-overexpressing-ribonucleotide-reductase-nrdef-implications-in-stress-associated-mutagenesis
#8
Karla Viridiana Castro-Cerritos, Adolfo Lopez-Torres, Armando Obregón-Herrera, Katarzyna Wrobel, Kazimierz Wrobel, Mario Pedraza-Reyes
The non-appropriate conditions faced by nutritionally stressed bacteria propitiate error-prone repair events underlying stationary-phase- or stress-associated mutagenesis (SPM). The genetic and molecular mechanisms involved in SPM have been deeply studied but the biochemical aspects of this process have so far been less explored. Previous evidence showed that under conditions of nutritional stress, non-dividing cells of strain B. subtilis YB955 overexpressing ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) exhibited a strong propensity to generate true reversions in the hisC952 (amber), metB5 (ochre) and leuC425 (missense) mutant alleles...
June 17, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612271/overexpression-of-dnaj-like-chaperone-enhances-carotenoid-synthesis-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#9
Tateki Morikawa, Yusuke Uraguchi, Shohei Sanda, Satoshi Nakagawa, Shigeki Sawayama
Production of functional carotenoids using microalgae may facilitate the commercialization of anti-aging nutritional supplements. The green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii uses a non-mevalonate (MEP) pathway for isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) synthesis. Two enzymes thought to play important roles in this MEP pathway to IPP synthesis are 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (DXS) and reductase (DXR). DnaJ-like chaperone (Orange protein) is thought to support phytoene synthase, a key enzyme in plant carotenoid synthesis...
June 13, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610525/baby-symptom-checker
#10
(no author information available yet)
A new online baby symptom checker has been launched by Nutricia Early Life Nutrition to enhance conversations between healthcare professionals and parents about common feeding problems.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608513/out-of-office-hours-elective-surgical-intensive-care-admissions-and-their-associated-complications
#11
David J R Morgan, Kwok Ming Ho, Yang Jian Ong, Marlene L Kolybaba
BACKGROUND: The 'weekend' effect is a controversial theory that links reduced staffing levels, staffing seniority and supportive services at hospitals during 'out-of-office hours' time periods with worsening patient outcomes. It is uncertain whether admitting elective surgery patients to intensive care units (ICU) during 'out-of-office hours' time periods mitigates this affect through higher staffing ratios and seniority. METHODS: Over a 3-year period in Western Australia's largest private hospital, this retrospective nested-cohort study compared all elective surgical patients admitted to the ICU based on whether their admission occurred 'in-office hours' (Monday-Friday 08...
June 12, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606705/improving-food-choices-and-nutrient-adequacy-in-adolescents-young-adults-with-developmental-disabilities
#12
Regina M Subach
BACKGROUND: Persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (DD) have higher incidences of overweight and obesity than the general population and are currently underserved in health promotion programs. Restricted diets due to sensory sensitivity and physiological difference are often followed by persons with DD resulting in nutrient inadequacies, which may contribute to overweight and obesity. Closing the gap of healthcare disparities for persons with DD must start by increasing awareness of factors causing overweight and obesity, and development of strategies and programs to reduce incidences of overweight and obesity for persons with DD...
June 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602101/expert-panel-on-practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-and-associated-economic-burden-of-disease-on-health-service-in-turkey
#13
Bulent Enis Sekerel, Oznur Seyhun
AIMS: To evaluate practice patterns in the management of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) and associated economic burden of disease on health service in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was based on experts' views on the practice patterns in management of CMPA manifesting with either proctocolitis or eczema symptoms and, thereby, aimed to estimate economic burden of CMPA. Practice patterns were determined via patient flow charts developed by experts using the modified Delphi method for CMPA presented with proctocolitis and eczema...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601679/the-rural-school-meal-as-a-site-for-learning-about-food
#14
Irene Torres, Jette Benn
The aim of the article is to contribute to the understanding of the school meal as a site for learning about food, nutrition and the wider determinants of health in three small rural schools of Ecuador. Based on a year-long qualitative fieldwork, the multiple case study associates Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of learning with Noddings' theory of care to analyze the findings. In the study, elements of care in the relationships between children and adults seemed to promote dialogue and, in this way, adults were able to model what is required to care for others and oneself...
June 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598548/eating-behavior-during-dexamethasone-treatment-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#15
Lidewij T Warris, Erica L T van den Akker, Marc B Bierings, Cor van den Bos, Femke K Aarsen, Michel C Zwaan, Wim J E Tissing, Margreet A Veening, Rob Pieters, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Large prospective studies on dexamethasone-induced changes in eating behavior, energy, and nutrient intake are lacking in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We prospectively studied eating behavior, energy, nutrient intake, and the effect on leptin and adiponectin levels during dexamethasone administration in children with ALL. PATIENTS: Parents of patients with ALL (3-16 years) completed a dietary diary for their child during 4 days of dexamethasone (6 mg/m(2) ) administration...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595640/exploring-the-intergenerational-persistence-of-health-behaviour-an-empirical-study-of-smoking-from-china
#16
Jay Pan, Wei Han
BACKGROUND: It is of significance to look into the intergenerational transmission of risk behaviour to explain the disparity of health. Our paper contributes to the literature by providing evidence in the context of China, focusing on smoking behaviour. METHODS: This paper studies the intergenerational transmission of smoking in the context of China using a nationally representative dataset - the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). The two-part model, the Tobit model, and the fixed effects model are utilized for the empirical analysis, respectively...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589267/associations-between-parental-bmi-and-the-family-nutrition-and-physical-activity-environment-in-a-community-sample
#17
Joel E Williams, Brian Helsel, Sarah F Griffin, Jessica Liang
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between parental BMI and the family environment and determine if differences exist in child diet and physical activity related parenting behaviors by parental BMI in a community sample of families recruited through elementary schools in a local school district. We found an association between parental BMI category and family nutrition and physical activity (FNPA) score. Families with an underweight or normal weight parent had a larger proportion (64...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588962/impact-of-a-community-based-package-of-interventions-on-child-development-in-zambia-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Peter C Rockers, Günther Fink, Arianna Zanolini, Bowen Banda, Godfrey Biemba, Cierra Sullivan, Simon Mutembo, Vichaels Silavwe, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: Community-based programmes are a critical platform for improving child health and development. We tested the impact of a community-based early childhood intervention package in rural Zambia. METHODS: We conducted a non-blinded cluster randomised controlled trial in Southern Province, Zambia. 30 clusters of villages were matched based on population density and distance from the nearest health centre, and randomly assigned to intervention (15 clusters and 268 caregiver-child dyads) or control (15 clusters and 258 caregiver-child dyads)...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588179/childhood-wilson-disease-bangladesh-perspective
#19
M Rukunuzzaman, A B Karim, M Nurullah, F Sultana, M W Mazumder, M A Rahman, S B Billah, F Begum, M Oliullah
Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder affecting copper metabolism causing copper induced damage to various organs. In children liver is commonly involved. Central nervous system, eyes, RBC, kidneys, brain and bones may also be affected. Aim of the study is to evaluate clinical & laboratory profile of Wilson's disease in children. This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted at the department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh, from January 2011 to December, 2013...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583222/maternal-perception-of-child-overweight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-parenting-practices-their-children-s-health-behaviours-and-weight-change-in-china
#20
Jungwon Min, Vivian Hc Wang, Hong Xue, Jie Mi, Youfa Wang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity has increased rapidly in China, but understanding is limited on how parents perceive their child's weight status and how this perception affects weight-related parenting practices. We examined maternal perception of her child's weight status and its association with demographics, subsequent weight-related parenting practices, the child's health behaviours and weight change. Design/Setting/Subjects Maternal perception of child's weight status and health behaviours from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys were assessed at baseline and in follow-up surveys for 816 children aged 6-18 years during 2004-2011...
June 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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