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Parental nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526362/using-secondary-24-hour-dietary-recall-data-to-estimate-daily-dietary-factor-intake-from-the-flashe-study-dietary-screener
#1
Teresa M Smith, Eric E Calloway, Courtney A Pinard, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Linda C Nebeling, Amy L Yaroch
INTRODUCTION: The National Cancer Institute's 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study utilized a 27-item Dietary Screener tailored to adolescent eating patterns that assessed the frequency of intake of several foods and beverages in parent-adolescent dyads. This study estimated intake of fruits and vegetables (FVs), dairy, added sugars, and whole grains for screener respondents using existing, nationally representative, 24-hour dietary recall data. METHODS: Dietary Screener items were converted from frequency responses to daily intake...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525296/influence-of-the-5a-s-counseling-strategy-on-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-an-observational-study
#2
Katie O Washington Cole, Kimberly A Gudzune, Sara N Bleich, Wendy L Bennett, Lawrence J Cheskin, Janice L Henderson, Laura E Caulfield, Yue Guan, Debra L Roter
BACKGROUND: Healthy weight gain during pregnancy may improve health outcomes for women and infants. The objective of this study was to examine providers' use of the 5A's (Assess, Advise, Agree, Assist, and Arrange) in discussions of weight, nutrition, and physical activity during prenatal visits and evaluate the effect of this approach on gestational weight gain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied audio recordings of prenatal visits between 22 obstetrics providers and 120 of their patients, coding visits for providers' use of the 5A's...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520635/decreasing-disparities-in-child-development-assessment-identifying-and-discussing-possible-delays-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic
#3
Katharine E Zuckerman, Alison E Chavez, Julie A Reeder
OBJECTIVE: To assess how staff at the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) address potential developmental delays and parent developmental concerns in children <5 years. METHODS: A Web-based survey of Oregon WIC staff in nonadministrative roles assessed staff interactions with parents regarding concerning child development/behavior, perceptions of connectedness with local developmental resources, and knowledge of typical child development...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513998/ibd-due-to-pid-inflammatory-bowel-disease-caused-by-primary-immunodeficiencies-clinical-presentations-review-of-literature-and-proposal-of-a-rational-diagnostic-algorithm
#4
REVIEW
Daniel Tegtmeyer, Maximilian Seidl, Patrick Gerner, Ulrich Baumann, Christian Klemann
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) have a multifactorial pathogenesis with complex interactions between polygenetic predispositions and environmental factors. However, IBD can also be caused by monogenic diseases, such as primary immunodeficiencies (PID). Recently, an increasing number of these altogether rare diseases has been described to present often primarily, or solely as IBD. Early recognition of these conditions enables adaption of therapies and thus directly benefits the course of IBDs...
May 17, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513321/active-travel-to-and-from-school-among-school-age-children-during-1997-2011-and-associated-factors-in-china
#5
Yong Yang, Xue Hong, James G Gurney, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: Active travel to school (ATS) is positively associated with various health indicators. The rapid social, economic and environmental changes in China provide a unique setting to study changes and predictors of ATS over time. METHODS: Using logistic regression modeling, we analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey during 1997-2011 (N=9487, ages 6-17 years) to estimate the change over time in ATS and to identify associated factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported ATS among children dropped from 95...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511588/an-evening-milk-drink-can-affect-word-recall-in-indonesian-children-with-decreased-sleep-efficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rini Sekartini, Dian Novita Chandra, Tiana Arsianti, Saptawati Bardosono, Tjhin Wiguna, Anne Schaafsma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep is important for memory consolidation in children. This study intended to find out whether an evening milk-based drink could influence sleep efficiency and memory recall in a group of Indonesian children (5-6 years old) with sleep deprivation. METHODS: Children were randomly allocated to one of three interventions: Reference product, satiety-stimulating product, and a relaxing product. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks and children consumed two servings per day of each 200 ml, the serving in the morning being the same for all children...
May 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511375/impact-of-nutritional-status-on-cognition-in-institutionalized-orphans-a-pilot-study
#7
Sanjana M Kamath, Kavana G Venkatappa, Ergod Manjunath Sparshadeep
INTRODUCTION: Proper nutrition is critical for maximizing brain function and enhancing learning. There is accumulating evidence that early malnutrition, marked by stunting, is associated with long-term deficits in cognitive and academic performance, even when social and psychological differences are controlled. All over the world, children living without permanent parental care are at a heightened risk for under-nutrition, putting their health and development in great jeopardy. AIM: To assess the nutritional and cognitive status in institutionalized orphans which might help to formulate effective interventions for improving the nutritional status of vulnerable children in future...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510190/chilling-susceptibility-in-mungbean-varieties-is-associated-with-their-differentially-expressed-genes
#8
Li-Ru Chen, Chia-Yun Ko, William R Folk, Tsai-Yun Lin
BACKGROUND: Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) is an economically important legume of high nutritional value, however, its cultivation is limited by susceptibility to chilling. Varieties NM94 and VC1973A, with differential susceptibility to stress, serve as good materials for uncovering how they differ in chilling tolerance. This study aimed to identify the ultrastructural, physiological and molecular changes to provide new insights on the differential susceptibility to chilling between varieties VC1973A and NM94...
December 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497917/does-breast-feeding-relate-to-development-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-young-korean-children-based-on-the-fourth-and-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#9
Kyung Suk Lee, Yeong Ho Rha, In Hwan Oh, Yong Sung Choi, Young Eun Kim, Sun Hee Choi
PURPOSE: There have been conflicting reports concerning the relationship between breast-feeding and the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) in early childhood. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between breast-feeding and the risk of AD in early childhood in Korea. METHODS: We combined the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data collected from 2007 to 2012 and analyzed 2,015 children at 1 to 3 years old...
July 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494594/caring-for-baby-s-teeth-starts-before-birth
#10
L Paglia
Care for a child's teeth and gums can start even before the baby is born. Pregnancy causes many hormonal changes, among these the rise of estrogen and progesterone increases the risk of developing oral health problems, like gingivitis and periodontitis.The presence of maternal periodontal diseases and active infections has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and foetal loss. Therefore, it is important to educate pregnant women about their oral hygiene and the importance of taking care of their newborn's oral health...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487736/synergistic-effect-of-family-history-of-diabetes-and-dietary-habits-on-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-central-china
#11
Yanyan Zhao, Chunhua Song, Xiaokun Ma, Xiaojun Ma, Qingzhu Wang, Hongfei Ji, Feng Guo, Guijun Qin
Background. Family history of diabetes (FHD) and lifestyle are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), but little is known about the FHD diet interactions. We aimed to analyze the interactions of FHD and lifestyle factors in Chinese T2DM onset. Methods. This was a cross-sectional survey in central urban China (n = 1234 patients with T2DM and n = 8615 non-T2DM subjects). The biological interactions, defined by Rothman interactions, between FHD and each dietary factor were analyzed by using the synergy index (S) scores...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483361/secular-trends-in-growth
#12
Julie Fudvoye, Anne-Simone Parent
Human adult height has been increasing world-wide for a century and a half. The rate of increase depends on time and place of measurement. Final height appears to have reached a plateau in Northern European countries but it is still increasing in southern European countries as well as Japan. While mean birth length has not changed recently in industrialized countries, the secular trend finally observed in adult height mostly originates during the first 2 years of life. Secular trend in growth is a marker of public health and provides insights into the interaction between growth and environment...
May 5, 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482855/motivation-and-obstacles-for-weight-management-among-young-women-a-qualitative-study-with-a-public-health-focus-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#13
Anne-Sofie Sand, Nina Emaus, Olaug S Lian
BACKGROUND: Due to a worldwide increase in overweight and obesity, weight-management through lifestyle changes has become an important public health issue. Adolescents and young adults comprise a vulnerable group. The transition into adulthood represents a stage in life when establishing good lifestyle habits for the future is important. The aim of this study was to explore motivation and obstacles for weight reduction, weight maintenance and healthy lifestyle choices in young women. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured in depth interviews with 12 young women, both overweight and normal weight, recruited from a school-based population survey...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479408/the-impact-of-front-of-pack-marketing-attributes-versus-nutrition-and-health-information-on-parents-food-choices
#14
Catherine Georgina Russell, Paul F Burke, David S Waller, Edward Wei
Front-of-pack attributes have the potential to affect parents' food choices on behalf of their children and form one avenue through which strategies to address the obesogenic environment can be developed. Previous work has focused on the isolated effects of nutrition and health information (e.g. labeling systems, health claims), and how parents trade off this information against co-occurring marketing features (e.g. product imagery, cartoons) is unclear. A Discrete Choice Experiment was utilized to understand how front-of-pack nutrition, health and marketing attributes, as well as pricing, influenced parents' choices of cereal for their child...
May 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474354/aggravated-nausea-and-vomiting-induced-by-fat-emulsion-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-case-report
#15
B Zhao, M Li, C Ren, X Y Liu, D Mei
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Total parental nutrition (TPN) for hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is generally effective and well-tolerated. We report a case of aggravated nausea and vomiting caused by fat emulsion. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 40-year-old pregnant woman through IVF was admitted to the hospital at 11-week gestation and diagnosed with HG. During TPN treatment, the patient suffered from aggravated nausea and vomiting. We identified fat emulsion as the most likely culprit using challenge, dechallenge and rechallenge...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473168/periconception-mhealth-platform-for-prevention-of-placental-related-outcomes-and-non-communicable-diseases
#16
Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
Most placental-related pregnancy complications originate during the first trimester of pregnancy where gene-environmental interactions play a role. The environmental factors also include parental behaviors that can be positive, such as folic acid supplement use, or negative, e.g. poor lifestyle choices like smoking, and nutritional choices that contribute to obesity or micronutrient deficits. The overlapping risk factors associated with non-communicable disease are poor nutrition, smoking, and obesity. These modifiable factors differ between individuals, populations and high, middle and low income countries, but have in common that they are extremely difficult to change...
April 23, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472277/malnutrition-and-birth-related-determinants-among-children-in-qazvin-iran
#17
Hassan Jahanihashemi, Mostafa Noroozi, Roza Zavoshy, Amir Afkhamrezaei, Shabnam Jalilolghadr, Neda Esmailzadehha
Little is known about the effect of birth weight, birth order and number of siblings on the nutritional status in children in Iran, especially in Qazvin province. The aim of this study was to provide the current data on malnutrition and birth related determinants among children in Qazvin, Iran. This study was conducted in six cities of Qazvin province (Iran), during December 2009-December 2010. Data on age, weight and height were taken and birth weight, number of children in family, birth order, parental career and educational state and family caretaker were collected by a questionnaire that a trained team filled in...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466982/introduction-to-proceedings-of-healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-national-conference
#18
Norman Tinanoff, Katrina Holt
OBJECTIVES: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has worked to ensure that all children have healthy weights. To promote this goal, the RWJF has supported the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, and the proceeding of this conference. The goals of the conference were to increase understanding of the science focusing on oral health and childhood obesity, increase understanding of how to prevent childhood obesity, and provide opportunities to network and plan activities to prevent childhood obesity...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466851/parental-body-mass-index-and-its-association-with-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-lifestyle-factors-in-their-4-year-old-children-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#19
C Cadenas-Sanchez, P Henriksson, H Henriksson, C Delisle Nyström, J Pomeroy, J R Ruiz, F B Ortega, M Löf
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between parental body mass index (BMI) and their offspring's body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors (that is, sedentary time, physical activity and diet). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 307 preschoolers (4.5±0.1 years) and their parents (fathers: 38.1±5.1 years and mothers: 35.6±4.2 years) participated in this study. Parental BMI was calculated using self-reported weight and height. Preschoolers body composition was assessed using: BMI, fat mass percentage, fat mass index, fat-free mass index (measured via air-displacement plethysmography) and waist circumference...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463101/healthy-cooking-classes-at-a-children-s-cancer-hospital-and-patient-survivor-summer-camps-initial-reactions-and-feasibility
#20
Margaret Raber, Karla Crawford, Joya Chandra
OBJECTIVE: Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) have been shown to practise suboptimal dietary intake and may benefit from nutrition interventions during and after treatment. Cooking classes have become popular for encouraging healthy eating behaviours in community-based programming and academic research; however, literature on teaching cooking classes in CCS is limited. The purpose of the present study was to address the development and implementation of classes for CCS based on a recently developed framework of healthy cooking behaviour...
May 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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