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Depression and rejection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796066/decline-in-ventricular-function-as-a-result-of-general-anesthesia-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients
#1
Justin J Elhoff, Shahryar M Chowdhury, Carolyn L Taylor, Marc Hassid, Andrew J Savage, Andrew M Atz, Ryan J Butts
Echocardiography is frequently performed under anesthesia during procedures such as cardiac catheterization with EMB in pediatric HTx recipients. Anesthetic agents may depress ventricular function, resulting in concern for rejection. The aim of this study was to compare ventricular function as measured by echocardiography before and during GA in 17 pediatric HTx recipients. Nearly all markers of ventricular systolic function were significantly decreased under GA, including EF (-4.2% ±1.2, P < .01) and RV FAC (-0...
October 30, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788461/the-role-of-childhood-trauma-early-maladaptive-schemas-emotional-schemas-and-experimental-avoidance-on-depression-a-structural-equation-modeling
#2
Mehdi Rezaei, Firoozeh Ghazanfari, Fatemeh Rezaee
The present investigation was designed to examine disconnection and rejection (DR) schemas, negative emotional schemas (NESs) and experimental avoidance (EA) as mediating variables of the relationship between the childhood trauma (CT) and depression. Specifically we examined the mediating role of NESs and EA between DR schemas and depression. The study sample consist of 439 female college students (Mage=22.47; SD=6.0), of whom 88 met the criteria for current major depressive disorder (MDD) and 351 who had history of MDD in the last 12 months...
October 18, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785655/testing-the-direction-of-longitudinal-paths-between-victimization-peer-rejection-and-different-types-of-internalizing-problems-in-adolescence
#3
Miranda Sentse, Peter Prinzie, Christina Salmivalli
The transition to secondary school is accompanied by the fragmentation of peer groups, while adolescents are also confronted with heightened incidents of bullying and increased levels of internalizing problems. Victimization, peer rejection, and internalizing problems are known to be interrelated, but how they influence each other over time remains unclear. We tested the direction of these associations by applying a cross-lagged path model among a large sample of Finnish adolescents (N = 5645; 49.1 % boys; M age at T1 = 14...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756274/the-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-pakistani-medical-practitioners-about-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-in-lahore-using-the-revised-depression-attitude-questionnaire-r-daq
#4
Mark Haddad, Ahmed Waqas, Wahhaj Qayyum, Maryam Shams, Saad Malik
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders such as depression are common and rank as major contributors to the global burden of disease. Condition recognition and subsequent management of depression is variable and influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of clinicians as well as those of patients. Most studies examining health professionals' attitudes have been conducted in Western nations; this study explores beliefs and attitudes about depression among doctors working in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 used a questionnaire concerning demographics, education in psychiatry, beliefs about depression causes, and attitudes about depression using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752853/the-mediating-roles-of-rejection-sensitivity-and-proximal-stress-in-the-association-between-discrimination-and-internalizing-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-women
#5
Christina Dyar, Brian A Feinstein, Nicholas R Eaton, Bonita London
The negative impact of discrimination on mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations has been well documented. However, the possible mediating roles of sexual orientation rejection sensitivity and rejection-based proximal stress in the association between discrimination and internalizing symptoms remain unclear. Rejection-based proximal stress is a subset of proximal stressors that are theorized to arise from concerns about and expectations of sexual orientation-based rejection and discrimination...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742858/the-meaning-of-depression-symptoms-for-young-black-men-employed-at-a-community-based-reentry-facility
#6
Danielle E K Perkins, Sue Lasiter
Only 10% of Black men are predicted to experience depression despite widespread disparities in education, employment, socioeconomic status, and incarceration. Gender, cultural, and situational variables force divergence from traditional symptoms of depression and complicate accurate identification of depression in young Black men. Twenty young Black men who were employed by a community-based reentry facility were interviewed about their perceptions of items on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738249/suicide-and-suicide-prevention-among-inuit-in-canada
#7
Michael J Kral
Inuit in Canada have among the highest suicide rates in the world, and it is primarily among their youth. Risk factors include known ones such as depression, substance use, a history of abuse, and knowing others who have made attempts or have killed themselves, however of importance are the negative effects of colonialism. This took place for Inuit primarily during the government era starting in the 1950s, when Inuit were moved from their family-based land camps to crowded settlements run by white men, and children were removed from their parents and placed into residential or day schools...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733181/what-can-we-learn-from-trial-decliners-about-improving-recruitment-qualitative-study
#8
Adwoa Hughes-Morley, Bridget Young, Roelie J Hempel, Ian T Russell, Waquas Waheed, Peter Bower
BACKGROUND: Trials increasingly experience problems in recruiting participants. Understanding the causes of poor recruitment is critical to developing solutions. We interviewed people who had declined a trial of an innovative psychological therapy for depression (REFRAMED) about their response to the trial invitation, in order to understand their decision and identify ways to improve recruitment. METHODS: Of 214 people who declined the trial, 35 (16 %) gave permission to be contacted about a qualitative study to explore their decision...
October 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622295/physical-mental-and-social-consequences-in-civilians-who-have-experienced-war-related-sexual-violence-a-systematic-review-1981-2014
#9
I Ba, R S Bhopal
OBJECTIVES: To identify the health outcomes of sexual violence on civilians in conflict zones between 1981 and 2014. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: For the purpose of this study, we defined sexual violence as sexual torture including, individual rape, gang rape, and sexual slavery. All types of conflicts were included (intrastate, interstate, and internationalized intrastate). Quantitative and mixed-method studies, reporting any physical, mental, and social consequences, were retrieved from Medline, Embase, Global Health, Global Health Library, WHOLIS, Popline, and Web of Sciences (n = 3075) and from checking reference lists and personal communications (n = 359)...
September 9, 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599225/home-based-telebehavioral-health-for-u-s-military-personnel-and-veterans-with-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
David D Luxton, Larry D Pruitt, Amy Wagner, Derek J Smolenski, Michael A Jenkins-Guarnieri, Gregory Gahm
Objective: Evidence of feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of home-based telebehavioral health (HBTBH) needs to be established before adoption of HBTBH in the military health system can occur. The purpose of this randomized controlled noninferiority trial was to compare the safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of HBTBH to care provided in the traditional in-office setting among military personnel and veterans. Method: One hundred and twenty-one U.S. military service members and veterans were recruited at a military treatment facility and a Veterans Health Administration hospital...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595052/revisiting-depression-contagion-as-a-mediator-of-the-relation-between-depression-and-rejection-a-speed-dating-study
#11
Madeline L Pe, Ian H Gotlib, Wim Van den Noortgate, Peter Kuppens
Interpersonal theories of depression postulate that depressed individuals' experience of social isolation is attributable, in part, to their tendency to behave in ways that elicit rejection from others. Depression contagion has been implicated as a factor that may account for the rejection of depressed individuals. The current study revisits this hypothesis using a controlled, but realistically motivated setting: speed-dating. Approximately two weeks before the speed-dating event, participants' depression levels were assessed...
July 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583088/normal-grief-and-its-correlates-in-lubumbashi-an-urban-city-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#12
Katabwa Kabongo Joe, Mala Ali Mapatano, Tshibangu Manyonga, Costa Kazadi Mwadianvita, Mutombo Valérien, Wembonyama Stanis, Mukendi Kavulu, Kashala Espérance
INTRODUCTION: Grief is a universal experience faced at one time or another by most people during their lives. Response to grief and bereavement losses can lead to psychiatric disorders such as mood disorders, post traumatic responses, insomnia loss of appetite, anxiety, and depression. The aim of our study is to value in our community the physical and psychological complications of a normal grief. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from March 2012 to September 2012 in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574475/psychological-distress-perceived-stigma-and-coping-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#13
Hui Chien Ong, Norhayati Ibrahim, Suzaily Wahab
Nowadays, family members are gradually taking on the role of full-time caregivers for patients suffering from schizophrenia. The increasing burden and tasks of caretaking can cause them psychological distress such as depression or anxiety. The aim of this study was to measure the correlation between perceived stigma and coping, and psychological distress as well as determine the predictors of psychological distress among the caregivers. Results showed that 31.5% of the caregivers experienced psychological distress...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571115/concerns-about-breast-cancer-pain-and-fatigue-in-non-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-primary-treatment
#14
Chelsea R Amiel, Hannah M Fisher, Michael H Antoni
Women diagnosed with breast cancer often endorse psychosocial concerns prior to treatment, which may influence symptom experiences. Among these, low perceived social support relates to elevated fatigue. Those with low social support perceptions may also experience a greater sense of rejection. We sought to determine if social rejection concerns post-surgery predict fatigue interference 12 months later in women with non-metastatic breast cancer. Depressive symptoms and pain severity after completion of adjuvant therapy (six months post-surgery) were examined as potential mediators...
August 26, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544784/predictors-of-treatment-response-to-group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Cassie H Lavell, Lara J Farrell, Allison M Waters, Jacinda Cadman
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating mental health disorder, occurring in 1-2% of children and adolescents. Current evidence-based treatments produce promising rates of remission; however, many children and youth do not fully remit from symptoms. The current study explored predictors of treatment response to a group cognitive-behavioural treatment program for pediatric OCD (N=43). Higher levels of child depression and parental rejection at baseline were found to be associated with higher OCD symptoms at post-treatment...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521517/differential-neural-processing-of-social-exclusion-in-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-an-fmri-study
#16
Rebecca C Groschwitz, Paul L Plener, Georg Groen, Martina Bonenberger, Birgit Abler
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent in adolescence and has been suggested as an autonomous diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5). Social rejection is as potential risk-factor for NSSI and depression in adolescence. Objectives of this study were to identify differences in neural processing of social rejection in depressed adolescents with and without co-morbid NSSI and healthy controls. Participants were 28 depressed adolescents (14 with co-morbid NSSI, 79% females) and 15 healthy controls, with an average age of 15...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502073/extending-the-minority-stress-model-to-incorporate-hiv-positive-gay-and-bisexual-men-s-experiences-a-longitudinal-examination-of-mental-health-and-sexual-risk-behavior
#17
H Jonathon Rendina, Kristi E Gamarel, John E Pachankis, Ana Ventuneac, Christian Grov, Jeffrey T Parsons
BACKGROUND: Minority stress theory represents the most plausible conceptual framework for explaining health disparities for gay and bisexual men (GBM). However, little focus has been given to including the unique stressors experienced by HIV-positive GBM. PURPOSE: We explored the role of HIV-related stress within a minority stress model of mental health and condomless anal sex. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected on a diverse convenience sample of 138 highly sexually active, HIV-positive GBM in NYC regarding sexual minority (internalized homonegativity and gay-related rejection sensitivity) and HIV-related stressors (internalized HIV stigma and HIV-related rejection sensitivity), emotion dysregulation, mental health (symptoms of depression, anxiety, sexual compulsivity, and hypersexuality), and sexual behavior (condomless anal sex with all male partners and with serodiscordant male partners)...
August 8, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490583/postpartum-bonding-disorder-factor-structure-validity-reliability-and-a-model-comparison-of-the-postnatal-bonding-questionnaire-in-japanese-mothers-of-infants
#18
Yukiko Ohashi, Toshinori Kitamura, Kyoko Sakanashi, Tomoko Tanaka
Negative attitudes of mothers towards their infant is conceptualized as postpartum bonding disorder, which leads to serious health problems in perinatal health care. However, its measurement still remains to be standardized. Our aim was to examine and confirm the psychometric properties of the Postnatal Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) in Japanese mothers. We distributed a set of questionnaires to community mothers and studied 392 mothers who returned the questionnaires at 1 month after childbirth. Our model was compared with three other models derived from previous studies...
August 2, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454009/comorbid-anxiety-increases-cognitive-control-activation-in-major-depressive-disorder
#19
Natania A Crane, Lisanne M Jenkins, Catherine Dion, Kortni K Meyers, Anne L Weldon, Laura B Gabriel, Sara J Walker, David T Hsu, Douglas C Noll, Heide Klumpp, K Luan Phan, Jon-Kar Zubieta, Scott A Langenecker
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders often co-occur, with poorer treatment response and long-term outcomes. However, little is known about the shared and distinct neural mechanisms of comorbid MDD and anxiety (MDD+Anx). This study examined how MDD and MDD+Anx differentially impact cognitive control. METHODS: Eighteen MDD, 29 MDD+Anx, and 54 healthy controls (HC) completed the Parametric Go/No-Go (PGNG) during fMRI, including Target, Commission, and Rejection trials...
October 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439618/effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-narrative-exposure-therapy-net-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-pilot-study
#20
Carolin Steuwe, Nina Rullkötter, Verena Ertl, Michaela Berg, Frank Neuner, Thomas Beblo, Martin Driessen
BACKGROUND: This pilot study focused on the feasibility and potential effectiveness of a protocol based on Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) that was integrated into a standard inpatient program to treat patients with comorbid Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Eleven patients (1 male, 10 female) without previous stabilization periods or the absence of intentional self-injury received NET during a ten-week inpatient program...
July 20, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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