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Depression and rejection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724030/-violence-and-mental-health-issues-among-mexican-adolescents-that-have-considered-or-attempted-cross-border-migration
#1
Ruben Chavez-Ayala, Emanuel Orozco-Núñez, Marcela Sánchez-Estrada, Carlos Hernández-Girón
The aim of this study was to estimate the role of victimization by violence among Mexican adolescents that have considered or attempted migrating to the United States, including mental health variables (emotional self-esteem, self-esteem in school, depression, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide) as mediators of the effects. The study used a cross-sectional design with a stratified cluster sample of 13,198 adolescents from the 2nd Mexican National Survey on Exclusion, Intolerance, and Violence in public schools in 2009...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714708/ethnic-identity-in-context-of-ethnic-discrimination-when-does-gender-and-other-group-orientation-increase-risk-for-depressive-symptoms-for-immigrant-origin-young-adults
#2
M Alexander Thibeault, Gabriela L Stein, Rosemery O Nelson-Gray
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic discrimination increases risk for depressive symptoms, but less is known about factors that influence the impact of this cultural challenge on psychological adjustment for immigrant-origin college students. Sociocultural identity development is especially relevant during emerging adulthood. Studies examining exacerbating or buffering impacts of ethnic identity have yielded mixed results. The current study examines conditions under which one aspect of ethnic identity, affirmation/belonging, moderates the impact of perceived ethnic discrimination stress on depressive symptoms...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712730/social-processing-in-early-adolescence-associations-between-neurophysiological-self-report-and-behavioral-measures
#3
Autumn Kujawa, Ellen M Kessel, Ashley Carroll, Kodi B Arfer, Daniel N Klein
Peer relationships play a major role in adolescent development, but few methods exist for measuring social processing at the neurophysiological level. This study extends our pilot study of Island Getaway, a task for eliciting event-related potentials (ERPs) to peer feedback. We differentiated ERPs using principal components analysis (PCA) and examined associations with behavioral and self-report measures in young adolescents (N=412). PCA revealed an early negativity in the ERP enhanced for rejection feedback, followed by a series of positivities (consistent with reward positivity [RewP], P300, and late positive potential) that were enhanced for acceptance feedback...
July 13, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693870/the-impact-of-parental-reaction-to-sexual-orientation-on-depressive-symptoms-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-hispanic-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Victoria B Mitrani, Joseph P De Santis, Brian E McCabe, Diego A Deleon, Karina A Gattamorta, Natalie M Leblanc
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship of parent reaction to sexual orientation with depressive symptoms and safer sex among Hispanic adult men who have sex with men (MSM). We also examined men's acculturation to the U.S. (Americanism) in relation with these variables. METHOD: Cross-sectional data collected from July 2011 to December 2012, from 125 MSM with a mean age of 43.02years. Instruments included the Perceived Parent Reaction Scale, the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Safer Sex Behavior Questionnaire and the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685499/body-image-mediates-the-effect-of-cancer-related-stigmatization-on-depression-a-new-target-for-intervention
#5
Peter Esser, Anja Mehnert, Christoffer Johansen, Beate Hornemann, Andreas Dietz, Jochen Ernst
OBJECTIVE: Since cancer-related stigmatization is prevalent but difficult to change, research on its impact on psychological burden and intervening variables is needed. Therefore, we investigated the effect of stigmatization on depressive symptomatology and whether body image mediates this relationship. METHODS: This bi-centric study assessed patients of four major tumor entities. We measured stigmatization (SIS-D), depressive symptomatology (PHQ-9) and body image (FKB-20)...
July 6, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662270/the-case-of-abel-religion-as-boon-and-bane-for-a-catholic-gay-man
#6
Armand R Cerbone, Graham Danzer
Conservative religions that condemn homosexual sexual orientation and acts as unnatural and sinful pose significant challenges for gay persons whose faith is a core part of their identity. The condemnation presents a serious barrier to the acceptance and integration of their sexuality, a primary task of psychosexual development. As a result, they can manifest depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and even suicide attempts. The ecclesiastical censure also imposes an untenable dilemma for homosexuals in that they feel pressed to reject their sexual identity or renounce their spiritual identity and heritage...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662126/relation-between-choice-induced-preference-change-and-depression
#7
Madoka Miyagi, Makoto Miyatani, Takashi Nakao
Most experimental studies of depressive symptom effects on decision-making have examined situations in which a single correct answer exists based on external circumstances (externally guided decision-making, e.g., gambling task). In addition to such decision-making, for decision-making of other types, no correct answer exists based on external circumstances (internally guided decision-making, e.g., preference judgment). For internally guided decision-making, a phenomenon is known by which preference for the chosen item increases and preference for the rejected item is decreased after choosing between two equally preferred items which is designated as choice-induced preference change...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640529/effect-of-everolimus-versus-calcineurin-inhibitors-on-quality-of-life-in-heart-transplant-recipients-during-a-3-year-follow-up-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-schedule
#8
A Relbo Authen, I Grov, K Karason, F Gustafsson, H Eiskjaer, G Rådegran, E Gude, K Jansson, G Dellgren, D Solbu, S Arora, A K Andreassen, L Gullestad
The SCHEDULE trial was a 12-month, randomized, open-label, parallel-group trial that compared everolimus (EVR; n=56) to conventional CsA (n=59) immunosuppression. Previously, we reported that EVR outperformed CsA in improving renal function and coronary artery vasculopathy, despite a higher rejection rate with EVR. The present study aimed to compare the effects of these treatments on quality of life (QoL). Within 5 postoperative days, patients (mean age 50±13 years, 27% women) were randomized to EVR or a standard CsA dosage (CsA group)...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632961/increased-neural-response-to-social-rejection-in-major-depression
#10
Poornima Kumar, Gordon D Waiter, Magda Dubois, Maarten Milders, Ian Reid, J Douglas Steele
BACKGROUND: Being a part of community is critical for survival and individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) have a greater sensitivity to interpersonal stress that makes them vulnerable to future episodes. Social rejection is a critical risk factor for depression and it is said to increase interpersonal stress and thereby impairing social functioning. It is therefore critical to understand the neural correlates of social rejection in MDD. METHODS: To this end, we scanned 15 medicated MDD and 17 healthy individuals during a modified cyberball passing game, where participants were exposed to increasing levels of social exclusion...
June 20, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596468/-the-unitary-psychosis-theory
#11
Hiroki Kikuyama, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Seiichiro Tarutani, Tatsushi Okayama, Hiroshi Yoneda
Since E. Kraepelin isolated schizophrenia and bipolar disorder as heterogeneous diseases, attempts to categorize mental illnesses have continued to the DSM-5. Meanwhile, cases of psychosis occurring as a result of neurosyphilis have been reported. Whilst in some cases it is useful to divide mental illnesses, in others imposing such classifications may be not be feasible. Since 2008 numerous papers have been published showing that the same genes are related to an increased incidence of several psychiatric diseases including intellectual disorder, autism, ADHD, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression...
June 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595764/food-allergy-and-anxiety-and-depression-among-ethnic-minority-children-and-their-caregivers
#12
Renee D Goodwin, Sandra Rodgin, Rachel Goldman, Juliana Rodriguez, Gabriele deVos, Denise Serebrisky, Jonathan M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between food allergy and symptoms of anxiety and depression among ethnic minority, low socioeconomic status (SES) children and their caregivers. STUDY DESIGN: Pediatric patients ages 4-12 years with and without food allergy and their caregivers were recruited from urban pediatric outpatient clinics. Statistical analyses were used to examine the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression among patients and their caregivers with and without food allergy, adjusting for asthma...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590203/manifest-dream-content-as-a-predictor-of-suicidality
#13
Myron L Glucksman, Milton Kramer
A number of behavioral, social, biological, and cultural factors are associated with suicide. However, the ability to predict an imminent suicide attempt remains problematic. Prior studies indicate that the manifest dream content of depressed, non-suicidal patients differs from that of depressed, suicidal patients. The dream imagery of depressed, suicidal patients contains themes of death, dying, violence, and departure. The dream imagery of depressed, non-suicidal patients contains themes of rejection, helplessness, hopelessness, humiliation, failure, and loss...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586778/autobiographical-memory-in-bipolar-disorder-and-its-link-to-neuropsychological-functioning
#14
Esther Quinlivan, Mattea Dallacker, Babette Renneberg, Elisa Strasser, Jana Fiebig, Thomas J Stamm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the specificity of autobiographical memory (AM) in bipolar disorder (BD) and to investigate the association between AM and neuropsychological functions. METHOD: Twenty bipolar patients and 22 matched healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study. AM was assessed with an extended version of the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) including rejection cue words. A neuropsychological test battery was used to examine verbal memory, executive functions, and attention...
June 7, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570585/prevalence-of-depression-and-associated-clinical-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-people-living-with-lymphatic-filariasis-in-plateau-state-nigeria
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
James Obindo, Jibril Abdulmalik, Emeka Nwefoh, Michael Agbir, Charles Nwoga, Aishatu Armiya'u, Francis Davou, Kurkat Maigida, Emmanuel Otache, Ajuma Ebiloma, Samuel Dakwak, John Umaru, Elisha Samuel, Christopher Ogoshi, Julian Eaton
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis is a chronic, disabling and often disfiguring condition that principally impacts the world's poorest people. In addition to the well-recognised physical disability associated with lymphedema and hydrocele, affected people often experience rejection, stigma and discrimination. The resulting emotional consequences are known to impact on the quality of life and the functioning of the affected individuals. However, the management of this condition has focused on prevention and treatment through mass drug administration, with scant attention paid to the emotional impact of the condition on affected individuals...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557468/differentiating-the-everyday-emotion-dynamics-of-borderline-personality-disorder-from-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#16
Malek Mneimne, William Fleeson, Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold, R Michael Furr
A major barrier to the understanding of emotion dynamics in borderline personality disorder (BPD) lies in its substantial comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). Whereas BPD has often been characterized in terms of dynamic emotional processes, including instability, reactivity, and inertia, its substantial comorbidity with MDD and BD makes it difficult to discern the specificity of these dynamics. To differentiate the emotion dynamics of BPD from those of MDD and BD, an experience sampling study of 38 participants with BPD, 15 participants with MDD, 14 participants with BD, and 62 healthy controls obtained reports of interpersonal challenges and emotions 5 times daily for 2 weeks...
May 29, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541239/psychological-parameters-of-psoriasis
#17
A Kouris, E Platsidaki, C Kouskoukis, C Christodoulou
Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory scaling dermatosis. The marked visible appearance of the lesions have a negative impact on body image that leads to decreased self-esteem, hence seriously compromising the patient's quality of life. The clinical picture critically affects the social well-being of the patient since the disease is commonly misunderstood and feared by the social environment as being contagious. The patient feels stigmatized and this further intensifies their lack of self-confidence and self-esteem...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529826/interpersonal-problems-and-negative-affect-in-borderline-personality-and-depressive-disorders-in-daily-life
#18
Johanna Hepp, Sean P Lane, Ryan W Carpenter, Inga Niedtfeld, Whitney C Brown, Timothy J Trull
Theories of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) suggest that interpersonal problems in BPD act as triggers for negative affect and, at the same time, are a possible result of affective dysregulation. Therefore, we assessed the relations between momentary negative affect (hostility, sadness, fear) and interpersonal problems (rejection, disagreement) in a sample of 80 BPD and 51 depressed outpatients at 6 time-points over 28 days. Data were analyzed using multivariate multi-level modeling to separate momentary-, day-, and person-level effects...
May 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472899/rejection-sensitivity-and-multiple-group-memberships-the-moderating-role-of-an-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphism
#19
Robbie Woods, Marc Bedard, Robyn Jane McQuaid, Kim Matheson, Hymie Anisman
Rejection sensitivity is a cognitive-affective processing disposition that has been linked to interpersonal difficulties. In this regard, the neuropeptide hormone, oxytocin, is thought to underlie social cognitions and behaviors that promote social affiliation. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR), in which guanine (G) is substituted for adenine (A), has been associated with less support-seeking behaviors. In the current study, among 376 undergraduate students, it was shown that the relationship between rejection sensitivity and depressive symptoms was mediated by multiple group memberships...
May 15, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455423/can-care-staff-accurately-assess-health-related-quality-of-life-of-care-home-residents-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-the-opera-trial
#20
Ben Parker, Stavros Petrou, Martin Underwood, Jason Madan
OBJECTIVES: To compare assessments of health-related quality of life outcomes of care home residents reported by residents and care staff acting as proxies. DESIGN: Linear regression and bivariate modelling of paired assessments from care home residents and care staff. SETTING: 78 care homes in 2 regions in England. PARTICIPANTS: 556 care home residents aged 65 years or older and care staff. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: EQ-5D utility scores and responses to individual EQ-5D dimensions...
April 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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