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Depression and rejection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452000/optimal-items-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-across-mother-father-and-teacher-ratings
#1
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns
A recent meta-analysis identified optimal items for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) as distinct from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN), and a preliminary study with teacher ratings of children in the United States found strong support for the convergent and discriminant validity of 15 SCT items. The current study evaluated whether the same 15 SCT items demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity from ADHD-IN in a large, community-based sample of children in Spain, and whether validity results were replicated across mother, father, and teacher ratings...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435948/racial-ethnic-discrimination-and-diabetes-related-outcomes-among-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Alana M W LeBrón, Michael Spencer, Edith Kieffer, Brandy Sinco, Gloria Palmisano
Discrimination is associated with adverse health outcomes, but few studies have examined the association of discrimination with diabetes-related outcomes including mental health and glycemic control, particularly for immigrant and US-born Latinos. We analyzed survey data (n = 222) collected at baseline of a diabetes intervention. Using multiple linear regression, we examined the association of racial/ethnic discrimination with depressive symptoms, diabetes-related distress, and HbA1c, and variation in these associations by nativity and, for immigrants, length of US residence...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390992/traumatic-events-exploring-associations-with-maternal-depression-infant-bonding-and-oxytocin-in-latina-mothers
#3
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Kefu Zhu, Kexin Fei, Yumeng Bu, Alexandria P Weston, Uma Ravat
BACKGROUND: Childhood and adulthood traumatic experiences negatively impact maternal-infant bonding and increase risk of postpartum depression (PPD). Lower oxytocin levels have also been associated with PPD and compromised mother-infant bonding. Despite advances in these areas of investigation, much of the research has not included Latinas, who are important because they have high rates of fertility, traumatic events, and PPD. METHODS: To address gaps identified in the literature, we explored associations between traumatic life events, PPD, and bonding subscale scores (e...
February 1, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372561/is-it-time-for-going-beyond-the-p-value-paradigm-with-the-estimation-of-the-probability-of-clinical-benefit-as-a-criterion-for-assessing-the-outcomes-of-a-clinical-trial-a-case-study-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Roberto Gomeni, Françoise Bressolle-Gomeni, Maurizio Fava
The conventional statistical methodologies for evaluating treatment effect are based on hypothesis testing (P-value). Alternative measurements of treatment effect have been proposed for anti-infective treatments using the probability of target attainment. A general framework is proposed to extend this methodology to other therapeutic areas. A disease trial model is used for estimating the probability of reaching a treatment effect associated with relevant clinical benefits, in complement to the evaluation of the probability of rejecting the null hypothesis...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334035/neural-correlates-of-ostracism-in-transgender-persons-living-according-to-their-gender-identity-a-potential-risk-marker-for-psychopathology
#5
Sven C Mueller, Katrien Wierckx, Sara Boccadoro, Guy T'Sjoen
BACKGROUND: Stigmatization in society carries a high risk for development of psychopathology. Transgender persons are at particularly high risk for such stigmatization and social rejection by others. However, the neural correlates of ostracism in this group have not been captured. METHOD: Twenty transgender men (TM, female-to-male) and 19 transgender women (TW, male-to-female) already living in their gender identity and 20 cisgender men (CM) and 20 cisgender women (CW) completed a cyberball task assessing both exclusion and re-inclusion during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327446/current-and-military-specific-gender-minority-stress-factors-and-their-relationship-with-suicide-ideation-in-transgender-veterans
#6
Raymond P Tucker, Rylan J Testa, Mark A Reger, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd, Keren Lehavot
Research suggests the prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in the transgender veteran community may be upwards of 20 times higher than nontransgender veterans, who are known to be at increased risk than the general US population. This study aimed to understand the potential influence of external and internal minority stress experienced during and after military service on past-year and recent suicide ideation in a sample of 201 transgender veterans. Nonparametric bootstrapping analyses indicated past-year transgender-specific discrimination and rejection (external minority stress) indirectly predicted frequency of both past-year and past 2-week suicide ideation through past-year shame related to gender identity (internal minority stress)...
January 12, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321700/validation-and-reliability-study-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-stigma-scale-of-epilepsy
#7
Nevin Kuloğlu Pazarci, Nihan Parasiz Yükselen, Şenay Aydın, Zeynep Ünlüsoy Acar, Dilek Necioğlu Örken
Introduction: We aimed to validate the Turkish version of the Stigma Scale of Epilepsy (SSE) (from Brazil) and present the results. Method: The SSE was completed by 33 patients with epilepsy (PWE), 25 of the patients' family members, and 23 people from the community. Subjects were interviewed on an individual basis; a physician read the questions and the subjects wrote the answers on a sheet. The form was the same for all subjects. In addition, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Inventory (HAI), Short Form-36 (SF-36) were completed by the subjects...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316007/ambivalence-resolution-in-brief-psychotherapy-for-depression
#8
Cátia Braga, António P Ribeiro, Miguel M Gonçalves, João Tiago Oliveira, Alexandra Botelho, Helena Ferreira, Inês Sousa
Ambivalence in the process of psychotherapeutic change should be addressed and resolved if we are to avoid psychotherapeutic failure and promote sustained change. In this context, ambivalence can be defined as the cyclical conflictual relation between two opposed positions of the self: one expressed as an innovation, and a subsequent one expressed in a trivialization or rejection of the innovation (problematic position). This conflict may be resolved in two different ways: (a) the dominance of the innovative position and the consequent inhibition of the problematic one and (b) the negotiation between the innovative and the problematic positions...
January 7, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311391/cultural-validation-of-the-transplanted-organ-questionnaire-toq-for-the-brazilian-population
#9
Renata Medeiros, Rita Mattiello, Emmanuelle Corruble, Edgar E Sarria, Cibele Molski, Ajacio Brandão
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: The Transplanted Organ Questionnaire (TOQ), developed in France, is a disease-targeted instrument designed to evaluate what the transplanted organ represents to the recipient in patients who have undergone liver transplantation. The present study sought to validate a version of the TOQ for use in the Brazilian population. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation were carried out in accordance with international standard practices. Convergent validity was measured by correlations between TOQ domains and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), while reliability was assessed by measurement of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient), reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient), sensitivity to change (effect size), and floor and ceiling effects...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298326/understanding-the-experience-and-manifestation-of-depression-in-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-harare-zimbabwe
#10
Nicola Willis, Webster Mavhu, Carol Wogrin, Abigail Mutsinze, Ashraf Kagee
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that adolescents living with HIV are at risk of depression, which in turn affects adherence to medication. This study explored the experience and manifestation of depression in adolescents living with HIV in Zimbabwe in order to inform intervention development. METHODS: We conducted a body mapping exercise with 21 HIV positive 15-19 years olds who had been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants created a painted map of their body to assist them in expressing their somatic and emotional experiences in qualitative interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294915/multiple-traumas-maternal-depression-mother-child-relationship-social-support-and-young-children-s-behavioral-problems
#11
Miriam Schiff, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Yuval Ziv, Danny Brom
This study examined whether maternal depression, mother-child relationships, and maternal perceived social support mediate the associations between child's exposure to multiple traumatic events and behavioral problems. We recruited a representative sample of 904 Israeli (Jewish and Arab) mothers and their 2- to 6-year-old children. Data collection was conducted through structured face-to-face interviews with the mothers between July and November 2011. All measures were completed by the mothers. We used the child's and mother's exposure to political violence questionnaires, Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), a short version of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218645/trajectories-of-italian-children-s-peer-rejection-associations-with-aggression-prosocial-behavior-physical-attractiveness-and-adolescent-adjustment
#12
Laura Di Giunta, Concetta Pastorelli, Eriona Thartori, Anna Silvia Bombi, Emma Baumgartner, Richard A Fabes, Carol Lynn Martin, Craig K Enders
In the present study, the predictors and outcomes associated with the trajectories of peer rejection were examined in a longitudinal sample of Italian children (338 boys, 269 girls) ages 10 to 14 years. Follow-up assessments included 60% of the original sample at age 16-17. Low, medium, and high rejection trajectory groups were identified using growth mixture models. Consistent with previous studies, we found that (a) being less prosocial and more physically aggressive at age 10 was characteristic of those children with the high rejection trajectory; (b) being less attractive was related to higher peer rejection from age 10 to 14; and (c) boys with a high rejection trajectory showed high levels of delinquency and anxiety-depression and low levels of academic aspiration at age 16-17, whereas girls with a high rejection trajectory showed low levels of academic aspiration and social competence at age 16-17...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217407/can-we-predict-intermediate-syndrome-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Chanika Alahakoon, Tharaka Lagath Dassanayake, Indika Bandara Gawarammana, Vajira Senaka Weerasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Ingestion of organophosphorus insecticides (OPI) is a common method of deliberate self harm in the developing world. Deaths mainly follow as a result of the respiratory failure associated with both cholinergic crisis and the intermediate syndrome. Even though death can be prevented by early mechanical ventilation of these patients, limited studies are available regarding the prediction of intermediate syndrome and subsequent respiratory failure. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review articles that are published with regard to possible prediction of intermediate syndrome using clinical, biochemical and electrophysiological parameters...
December 5, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210194/error-related-brain-activity-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Tamara E Rosen, Matthew D Lerner
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience symptoms associated with generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and social anxiety disorder. In other populations, these same symptoms are associated with a larger error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential that reflects endogenous threat sensitivity. As such, it is possible that the ERN may relate to the clinical presentation of anxiety in ASD. However, studies examining these associations in youth with ASD have yielded mixed results...
December 6, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172624/parenting-behaviors-and-the-well-being-of-children-with-a-chronic-physical-condition
#15
Jamie L Crandell, Margarete Sandelowski, Jennifer Leeman, Nancy L Havill, Kathleen Knafl
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have identified the importance of parenting behaviors to the well-being of children with chronic physical conditions. Synthesizing the findings of these studies has potential to identify which parenting behaviors are associated with specific aspects of child well-being. METHOD: We retrieved research reports addressing the relationship between parenting behaviors and well-being in children with chronic physical conditions, and categorized parenting behaviors based on Skinner, Johnson, and Snyder's (2005) core dimensions of parenting (warmth, rejection, structure, chaos, autonomy support, and coercion) Through meta-analysis, we examined relationships between parenting dimension and child well-being variables...
November 27, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149076/the-association-between-food-addiction-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-preliminary-investigation
#16
Claudio Imperatori, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Massimo Continisio, Michela Balsamo, Aristide Saggino, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
In recent years, there has been a growing focus on early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) as core features associated with eating psychopathology. The aims of the present study were to assess in overweight and obese women: (i) the association between dysfunctional eating patterns (i.e., food addiction and binge eating) and EMSs, and (ii) the association between food addiction and EMSs after controlling for potential confounding variables (i.e., binge eating severity and psychopathology). Participants were 70 overweight and obese women seeking low-energy-diet therapy...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145938/teacher-factors-contributing-to-dosage-of-the-kiva-anti-bullying-program
#17
Lauren E Swift, Julie A Hubbard, Megan K Bookhout, Stevie N Grassetti, Marissa A Smith, Michael T Morrow
The KiVa Anti-Bullying Program (KiVa) seeks to meet the growing need for anti-bullying programming through a school-based, teacher-led intervention for elementary school children. The goals of this study were to examine how intervention dosage impacts outcomes of KiVa and how teacher factors influence dosage. Participants included 74 teachers and 1409 4th- and 5th-grade students in nine elementary schools. Teachers and students completed data collection at the beginning and end of the school year, including measures of bullying and victimization, correlates of victimization (depression, anxiety, peer rejection, withdrawal, and school avoidance), intervention cognitions/emotions (anti-bullying attitudes, and empathy toward victims), bystander behaviors, and teacher factors thought to relate to dosage (self-efficacy for teaching, professional burnout, perceived principal support, expected effectiveness of KiVa, perceived feasibility of KiVa)...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142261/selective-blocking-property-of-microporous-polymer-membranes-fabricated-by-chemical-vapor-deposition
#18
Takeshi Shii, Masaru Hatori, Kazuma Yokota, Yoshiyuki Hattori, Mutsumi Kimura
Poly-p-xylylene films have been utilized as protective and barrier layers for gases and solvents on electronic and implantable devices. Here we report a new approach to create highly permeable and selective nanofiltration membranes coated with microporous poly-p-xylylene nanofilms fabricated through a dry chemical vapor deposition process by using [2.2]paracyclophanes derivatives on ultrafiltration membranes. The introduction of crosslinking points into rigid poly-p-xylylenes enhanced microporosity and mechanical strength due to insufficient packing and depression of structural relaxation among polymer chains in three-dimensional networks...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136514/rejection-sensitivity-interpersonal-rejection-and-attention-for-emotional-facial-expressions
#19
Morganne A Kraines, Lucas J A Kelberer, Tony T Wells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rejection sensitivity (RS), attention for depression-relevant stimuli, and interpersonal rejection are established risk factors for depression. RS has previously been associated with increased attention for socially threatening faces, but has not been examined in the context of specifically depression-relevant stimuli. The current study examined whether RS influences attention for emotional facial expressions in the context of social rejection or inclusion. METHODS: Participants (n = 180) completed a self-report measure of RS and a free viewing eye tracking task before and after an experimental task (Cyberball) in which participants were randomized to be included or rejected...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130541/depression-social-support-and-clinical-outcomes-following-lung-transplantation
#20
Patrick J Smith, Laurie D Snyder, Scott M Palmer, Benson M Hoffman, Gregory L Stonerock, Krista K Ingle, Caroline K Saulino, James A Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are common among lung transplant candidates and have been associated with poorer clinical outcomes in some studies. Previous studies have been plagued by methodologic problems, including small sample sizes, few clinical events, and uncontrolled confounders, particularly perioperative complications. In addition, few studies have examined social support as a potential protective factor. We therefore examined the association between pre-transplant depressive symptoms, social support, and mortality in a large sample of lung transplant recipients...
November 12, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
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