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Depression and rejection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166828/a-psychological-intervention-to-promote-acceptance-and-adherence-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Eleonora Volpato, Paolo Banfi, Francesco Pagnini
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) sometimes experience anxiety, depression and comorbid cognitive deficits. Rather than being merely a consequence of symptom-related physical impairments these additional problems may be part of the clinical course of the condition. The relationship between the physical and psychological aspects of the condition is illustrated by the patterns of use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV); NIV is often rejected or used inappropriately, resulting in clinical deterioration and an increase in health care costs...
February 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166420/does-early-life-trauma-affect-how-depression-is-experienced-by-holocaust-survivors-in-late-life
#2
Norm O'Rourke, Sara Carmel, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVES: Existing research indicates that early life trauma increases the likelihood of depression in later life. This includes children who survived the Nazi Holocaust living in Israel today. For this study, we set out to examine whether early life trauma affects both levels of depression symptomatology and the relative prominence of certain facets of depression as compared to other older adults in Israel and Canada. METHOD: For this study we recruited 295 Holocaust survivors (HS), 205 other Israelis and 335 older Canadians each of whom completed Radloff's (1977) Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D)...
February 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165037/neuroanatomical-prediction-of-anhedonia-in-adolescents
#3
Randy P Auerbach, Angela Pisoni, Erin Bondy, Poornima Kumar, Jeremy G Stewart, Anastasia Yendiki, Diego A Pizzagalli
Anhedonia is a transdiagnostic risk factor implicated in mental illness onset, treatment non-response, and suicidal behaviors. Prior cross-sectional research in adults has shown that anhedonia is associated with reduced dorsal striatal volume, but it is unknown whether this relationship extends to adolescents and whether reduced striatal volume prospectively predicts anhedonia. To address these gaps, the current study investigated whether striatal volume predicted anhedonia severity in adolescents. At baseline, healthy female adolescents aged 12-14 years (n=50) completed a clinical assessment, and structural MRI data were acquired on a 3 Tesla MR scanner...
February 6, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158975/do-biofilm-communities-respond-to-the-chemical-signatures-of-fracking-a-test-involving-streams-in-north-central-arkansas
#4
Wilson H Johnson, Marlis R Douglas, Jeffrey A Lewis, Tara N Stuecker, Franck G Carbonero, Bradley J Austin, Michelle A Evans-White, Sally A Entrekin, Michael E Douglas
BACKGROUND: Unconventional natural gas (UNG) extraction (fracking) is ongoing in 29 North American shale basins (20 states), with ~6000 wells found within the Fayetteville shale (north-central Arkansas). If the chemical signature of fracking is detectable in streams, it can be employed to bookmark potential impacts. We evaluated benthic biofilm community composition as a proxy for stream chemistry so as to segregate anthropogenic signatures in eight Arkansas River catchments. In doing so, we tested the hypothesis that fracking characteristics in study streams are statistically distinguishable from those produced by agriculture or urbanization...
February 3, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151522/-plagiarism-a-fools-errand
#5
EDITORIAL
Tom Jefferson, Luca De Fiore
An old Italian proverb states that lies have short legs. In other words, in the end you get found out. This is exactly what happened to an Italian researcher who acted as a referee for a manuscript submitted in 2015 to Annals of Internal Medicine. After a negative report (which presumably led to the rejection of the submission) he submitted a manuscript which was essentially the same. But he and his accomplices got found out and paraded in front of the world in an earth-shatteringly polite "Dear Plagiarist" letter by the first robbed author: Dr Michael Dansinger...
2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133074/-a-case-of-goblet-cell-carcinoid-of-the-appendix-invading-directly-into-the-sigmoid-colon
#6
Satoru Matsumoto, Masahiro Takahashi, Shusaku Takahashi, Hideki Yamagami, Hiroyuki Ishizu
A 73-year-old man underwent a screening colonoscopy, and a depressed lesion in the sigmoid colon was detected. Biopsy revealed a Group V lesion, and he was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer. During surgery, there was dense adhesion of the appendix to the sigmoid colon, and sigmoidectomy combined with appendectomy was performed. However, pathological examination revealed goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix with direct invasion into the sigmoid colon. To the best of our knowledge, no similar cases have been reported in Japan...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031714/temperament-personality-and-treatment-outcome-in-major-depression-a-6-month-preliminary-prospective-study
#7
Yuka Kudo, Atsuo Nakagawa, Taisei Wake, Natsumi Ishikawa, Chika Kurata, Mizuki Nakahara, Teruo Nojima, Masaru Mimura
BACKGROUND: Despite available treatments, major depression is a highly heterogeneous disorder, which leads to problems in classification and treatment specificity. Previous studies have reported that personality traits predict and influence the course and treatment response of depression. The Temperament and Personality Questionnaire (T&P) assesses eight major constructs of personality traits observed in those who develop depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of T&P's eight constructs on the treatment outcome of depressed patients...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026980/addiction-related-stigma-and-discrimination-a-qualitative-study-in-treatment-centers-in-mexico-city
#8
Jazmín Mora-Ríos, Miriam Ortega-Ortega, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
: Social rejection of drug use is greater than that directed at other psychiatric conditions, like depression and anxiety, which may lead to social exclusion of substance users and prevent them from seeking and receiving treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the stigma and discrimination related to addiction in treatment centers in Mexico City. METHODS: Data are from a broad mixed methods study. The present study is a qualitative analysis of 35 in-depth interviews of drug users, family members, and providers, using guidelines for the exploration of experiences of stigma and discrimination related to substance abuse...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004964/patient-safety-under-deep-sedation-for-digestive-endoscopic-procedures
#9
Julián Álvarez, Rafael Cabadas, Manuel de la Matta
Deep sedation with Propofol has become popular in recent years. The safety of this technique when administered by non-anaesthesiologists has created much controversy which at times is masked in a contentious debate on the economic sustainability of the health system. In 2011, the Spanish Society of Anaesthesiology, Resuscitation and Pain Therapy, along with 20 other organisations from European countries, revoked the recommendations of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy on the administration of Propofol by non-anaesthesiologists, citing that it is "extremely dangerous for the safety and quality of endoscopic procedures"...
December 22, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003468/the-clinical-features-of-paranoia-in-the-20th-century-and-their-representation-in-diagnostic-criteria-from-dsm-iii-through-dsm-5
#10
Kenneth S Kendler
This review traces, through psychiatric textbooks, the history of the Kraepelinian concept of paranoia in the 20th century and then relates the common reported symptoms and signs to the diagnostic criteria for paranoia/delusional disorder in DSM-III through DSM-5. Clinical descriptions of paranoia appearing in 10 textbooks, published 1899 to 1970, revealed 11 prominent symptoms and signs reported by 5 or more authors. Three symptoms (systematized delusions, minimal hallucinations, and prominent ideas of reference) and 2 signs (chronic course and minimal affective deterioration) were reported by 8 or 9 of the authors...
December 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001333/breast-related-stereotype-threat-contributes-to-a-symptom-cluster-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#11
Jie Li, Wei Gao, Li-Xiang Yu, Song-Ying Zhu, Feng-Lin Cao
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims to investigate the prevalence of breast-related stereotype threat (BRST) and its effects on a symptom cluster consisting of anxiety, depression, and fatigue and on each symptom. BACKGROUND: The stereotype that breasts are a sign of women's femininity results in breast cancer patients fearing diminished femininity and rejection, which may induce psychological problems that co-occur as a symptom cluster. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984215/psychosocial-evaluation-for-first-hand-allotransplantation-in-taiwan
#12
Nien-Mu Chiu, Yur-Ren Kuo, Yu Lee, Chien-Chang Chen
Hand transplantation has raised ethical and psychological concerns. Few studies have focused on reasons for not selecting candidates on waiting lists. To describe the psychosocial evaluation of referred prospective hand transplant candidates, we investigated candidate suitability by using 22-month follow-up data regarding the first hand transplant recipient in Taiwan. Pretransplant psychosocial assessments comprised an interview with 2 psychiatrists, a social worker, and a psychologist, followed by intelligence quotient scoring with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943534/biased-interpretation-of-ambiguous-social-scenarios-in-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Valentina Cardi, Robert Turton, Sylvia Schifano, Jenni Leppanen, Colette R Hirsch, Janet Treasure
Patients with anorexia nervosa experience increased sensitivity to the risk of social rejection. The aims of this study were to assess the interpretation of ambiguous social scenarios depicting the risk of rejection and to examine the relationship between interpretation biases and clinical symptoms. Thirty-five women with anorexia nervosa and 30 healthy eaters completed clinical questionnaires, alongside a sentence completion task. This task required participants to generate completions to ambiguous social scenarios and to endorse their best completion...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935247/focusing-on-situation-specific-expectations-in-major-depression-as-basis-for-behavioural-experiments-development-of-the-depressive-expectations-scale
#14
Tobias Kube, Lisa D'Astolfo, Julia A Glombiewski, Bettina K Doering, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional expectations are considered to be core features of various mental disorders. The aim of the study was to develop the Depressive Expectations Scale (DES) as a depression-specific measure for the assessment of dysfunctional expectations. Whereas previous research primarily focused on general cognitions and attitudes, the DES assesses 25 future-directed expectations (originally 75 items) which are situation-specific and falsifiable. DESIGN AND METHODS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the DES, the scale was completed by 175 participants with and without severe depressive symptoms in an online survey...
December 9, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796066/decline-in-ventricular-function-as-a-result-of-general-anesthesia-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients
#15
Justin J Elhoff, Shahryar M Chowdhury, Carolyn L Taylor, Marc Hassid, Andrew J Savage, Andrew M Atz, Ryan J Butts
Echocardiography is frequently performed under anesthesia during procedures such as cardiac catheterization with EMB in pediatric HTx recipients. Anesthetic agents may depress ventricular function, resulting in concern for rejection. The aim of this study was to compare ventricular function as measured by echocardiography before and during GA in 17 pediatric HTx recipients. Nearly all markers of ventricular systolic function were significantly decreased under GA, including EF (-4.2% ±1.2, P < .01) and RV FAC (-0...
December 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788461/the-role-of-childhood-trauma-early-maladaptive-schemas-emotional-schemas-and-experimental-avoidance-on-depression-a-structural-equation-modeling
#16
Mehdi Rezaei, Firoozeh Ghazanfari, Fatemeh Rezaee
The present investigation was designed to examine disconnection and rejection (DR) schemas, negative emotional schemas (NESs) and experimental avoidance (EA) as mediating variables of the relationship between the childhood trauma (CT) and depression. Specifically we examined the mediating role of NESs and EA between DR schemas and depression. The study sample consist of 439 female college students (Mage=22.47; SD=6.0), of whom 88 met the criteria for current major depressive disorder (MDD) and 351 who had history of MDD in the last 12 months...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785655/testing-the-direction-of-longitudinal-paths-between-victimization-peer-rejection-and-different-types-of-internalizing-problems-in-adolescence
#17
Miranda Sentse, Peter Prinzie, Christina Salmivalli
The transition to secondary school is accompanied by the fragmentation of peer groups, while adolescents are also confronted with heightened incidents of bullying and increased levels of internalizing problems. Victimization, peer rejection, and internalizing problems are known to be interrelated, but how they influence each other over time remains unclear. We tested the direction of these associations by applying a cross-lagged path model among a large sample of Finnish adolescents (N = 5645; 49.1 % boys; M age at T1 = 14...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756274/the-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-pakistani-medical-practitioners-about-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-in-lahore-using-the-revised-depression-attitude-questionnaire-r-daq
#18
Mark Haddad, Ahmed Waqas, Wahhaj Qayyum, Maryam Shams, Saad Malik
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders such as depression are common and rank as major contributors to the global burden of disease. Condition recognition and subsequent management of depression is variable and influenced by the attitudes and beliefs of clinicians as well as those of patients. Most studies examining health professionals' attitudes have been conducted in Western nations; this study explores beliefs and attitudes about depression among doctors working in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 used a questionnaire concerning demographics, education in psychiatry, beliefs about depression causes, and attitudes about depression using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752853/the-mediating-roles-of-rejection-sensitivity-and-proximal-stress-in-the-association-between-discrimination-and-internalizing-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-women
#19
Christina Dyar, Brian A Feinstein, Nicholas R Eaton, Bonita London
The negative impact of discrimination on mental health among lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations has been well documented. However, the possible mediating roles of sexual orientation rejection sensitivity and rejection-based proximal stress in the association between discrimination and internalizing symptoms remain unclear. Rejection-based proximal stress is a subset of proximal stressors that are theorized to arise from concerns about and expectations of sexual orientation-based rejection and discrimination...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742858/the-meaning-of-depression-symptoms-for-young-black-men-employed-at-a-community-based-reentry-facility
#20
Danielle E K Perkins, Sue Lasiter
Only 10% of Black men are predicted to experience depression despite widespread disparities in education, employment, socioeconomic status, and incarceration. Gender, cultural, and situational variables force divergence from traditional symptoms of depression and complicate accurate identification of depression in young Black men. Twenty young Black men who were employed by a community-based reentry facility were interviewed about their perceptions of items on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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