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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158725/nutritional-supplement-practices-of-professional-ugandan-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Haruna Muwonge, Robert Zavuga, Peninnah Aligawesa Kabenge, Timothy Makubuya
Background: The use of nutritional supplements (NS) places athletes at great risk for inadvertent doping. Due to the paucity of data on supplement use, this study aimed to determine the proportion of Ugandan athletes using nutritional supplements and to investigate the athletes' motivation to use these supplements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 359 professional athletes participating in individual (boxing, cycling, athletics) and team (basketball, rugby, football, netball, and volleyball) sports...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131701/are-the-level-of-knowledge-and-practices-of-pregnant-women-regarding-folic-acid-supplementation-still-inadequate-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-middle-eastern-urban-setting
#2
Antoine Aoun, Lara Faddoul, Flora El Jabbour, Nada El Osta, Sani Hlais, Lana El Osta
This observational cross-sectional study aimed to examine the knowledge and practices of pregnant women in North Lebanon regarding periconceptional folic acid (FA) supplementation. A convenience sample of pregnant women attending gynecology clinics in North Lebanon was recruited between May and September 2013. Data were collected from a face-to-face interview performed by a trained local dietician as well as from review of obstetric charts. A total of 465 women were included in the study. Only 37 (7.9%) were aware of the role of FA in preventing birth defects, while 129 (27...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116868/a-multiple-group-measurement-scale-for-interprofessional-collaboration-adaptation-and-validation-into-italian-and-german-languages
#3
Fabio Vittadello, Maria Mischo-Kelling, Heike Wieser, Luisa Cavada, Lukas Lochner, Carla Naletto, Verena Fink, Scott Reeves
This article presents a study that aimed to validate a translation of a multiple-group measurement scale for interprofessional collaboration (IPC). We used survey data gathered over a three month period as part of a mixed methods study that explored the nature of IPC in Northern Italy. Following a translation from English into Italian and German the survey was distributed online to over 5,000 health professionals (dieticians, nurses, occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists, speech therapists and psychologists) based in one regional health trust...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093238/multidiscipline-care-for-type-2-diabetes-patients-from-general-to-asian-population
#4
Benedicta Mutiara Suwita, Dewi Friska, Deriyan Sukma Widjaja, Liana Srisawitri
Multidiscipline care is defined as a care consisting of at least a physician, a nurse, and other healthcare worker (eg. dietician). Multidiscipline care has generated benefits, both in medical aspects (eg. increasing patients' compliance) and nonmedical aspects (eg. more cost-effective than conventional treatment). There are several models of multidiscpline care; however, which model is more suitable for type 2 diabetes care is not clear yet. In this review, we aimed to identify and compare multidiscipline care method for reducing glycated hemoglobin ( HbA1C) levels in type 2 diabetes patients, particularly Asian patients because they have greater tendency to develop type 2 diabetes at lower degrees of obesity and at younger ages than Caucasian ethnic group...
July 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066907/role-of-the-multidisciplinary-team-in-the-care-of-the-tracheostomy-patient
#5
REVIEW
Barbara Bonvento, Sarah Wallace, James Lynch, Barry Coe, Brendan A McGrath
Tracheostomies are used to provide artificial airways for increasingly complex patients for a variety of indications. Patients and their families are dependent on knowledgeable multidisciplinary staff, including medical, nursing, respiratory physiotherapy and speech and language therapy staff, dieticians and psychologists, from a wide range of specialty backgrounds. There is increasing evidence that coordinated tracheostomy multidisciplinary teams can influence the safety and quality of care for patients and their families...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062439/problems-in-bariatric-patient-care-challenges-for-dieticians
#6
REVIEW
Małgorzata Kostecka, Monika Bojanowska
Obesity management options include a low-calorie diet, behavioral therapy, regular physical activity and pharmacological therapy. However, treatment failure is frequently encountered, most of these methods are ineffective, and a positive outcome is rarely maintained in the long term. In morbidly obese patients, bariatric surgery is considered the most effective treatment for obesity as well as the accompanying diseases. Bariatric surgery promotes much greater weight loss than conservative treatment, regardless of the applied surgical technique...
September 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037238/developing-dimensions-for-a-multicomponent-multidisciplinary-approach-to-obesity-management-a-qualitative-study
#7
Anita J Cochrane, Bob Dick, Neil A King, Andrew P Hills, David J Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: There have been consistent recommendations for multicomponent and multidisciplinary approaches for obesity management. However, there is no clear agreement on the components, disciplines or processes to be considered within such an approach. In this study, we explored multicomponent and multidisciplinary approaches through an examination of knowledge, skills, beliefs, and recommendations of stakeholders involved in obesity management. These stakeholders included researchers, practitioners, educators, and patients...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960483/families-perceived-benefits-of-home-visits-for-managing-paediatric-obesity-outweigh-the-potential-costs-and-barriers
#8
Nicole D Gehring, Geoff D C Ball, Arnaldo Perez, Nicholas L Holt, Daniel Neuman, Nicholas Spence, Laura Mercier, Mary Jetha
AIM: Home visits have successfully been used to deliver various health services, but what role could they play in paediatric weight management? Low treatment initiation and high attrition prompted our multidisciplinary paediatric weight management clinic to investigate how families perceived the benefits and barriers of home visits. METHODS: We focused on children with obesity aged 2-17 who were enrolled in our tertiary-level clinic in Alberta, Canada. None had received a home visit...
September 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915863/lifestyle-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-prevent-weight-gain-after-renal-transplantation-design-of-the-active-care-after-transplantation-act-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Gerald Klaassen, Dorien M Zelle, Gerjan J Navis, Desie Dijkema, Frederike J Bemelman, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity and reduced physical functioning are common after renal transplantation, resulting in a reduced quality of life. Another common post-transplantation complication is poor cardio-metabolic health, which plays a main role in long-term outcomes in renal transplant recipients (RTR). It is increasingly recognized that weight gain in the first year after transplantation, especially an increase in fat mass, is a highly common contributor to cardio-metabolic risk...
September 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906293/frequency-and-variables-associated-with-fasting-orders-in-inpatients-with-ulcerative-colitis-the-audit-of-diet-orders-ulcerative-colitis-adore-uc-study
#10
Zane R Gallinger, Amir Rumman, Kevin Pivovarov, Kyle J Fortinsky, A Hillary Steinhart, Adam V Weizman
INTRODUCTION: Current clinical practice guidelines suggest that patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) hospitalized because of a disease flare should be offered a normal diet, unless such a diet is not tolerated. Studies of hospitalized patients have demonstrated iatrogenic malnutrition from unjustified or inappropriate nil per os (NPO) or clear liquid diet (CLD) orders. In this study, we aim to characterize the burden of this problem in hospitalized patients with UC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients with UC admitted to the gastroenterology service or the general internal medicine service at a tertiary, academic hospital between January 2009 and December 2014, with a length of stay between 2 and 30 days...
October 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895536/impact-of-kitchen-organization-on-oral-intake-of-malnourished-inpatients-a-two-center-study
#11
Alicia Calleja-Fernández, Cristina Velasco-Gimeno, Alfonso Vidal-Casariego, Begoña Pintor-de-la-Maza, Laura Frías-Soriano, Rocío Villar-Taibo, Pilar García-Peris, Isidoro Cano-Rodríguez, Camino García-Fernández, María D Ballesteros-Pomar
AIM: To determine the impact of the type of hospital kitchen on the dietary intake of patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional, two-centre study, of cooking in a traditional kitchen (TK) and in a chilled kitchen (CK). Subjective global assessment (SGA) was used for nutritional diagnosis. Before study start, a dietician performed a nutritional assessment of the menus of each hospital. All dishes were weighed upon arrival to the ward and at the end of the meal. RESULTS: 201 and 41 patients from the centres with TK and CK respectively were evaluated...
October 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892935/efficacy-of-health-education-using-facebook-to-promote-healthy-lifestyle-among-medical-students-in-puducherry-india-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Smrithi Krishnamohan, P Stalin, Zile Singh, Maghida Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Increasing burden of overweight and obesity among young adults is mainly due to unhealthy lifestyle especially with respect to diet and physical activity. At the same time, younger generations are spending more time with social network sites. Therefore, this study was intended to explore the role of social networking sites in promoting healthy lifestyle. AIM: To measure the efficacy of health education using social networking sites in promoting healthy lifestyle among medical students in Puducherry, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885755/effects-of-an-individualised-nutritional-education-and-support-programme-on-dietary-habits-nutritional-knowledge-and-nutritional-status-of-older-adults-living-alone
#13
Jeong-Ah Ahn, JeeWon Park, Chun-Ja Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The effects of an individualised nutritional education and support programme on dietary habits, nutritional knowledge and nutritional status of 71 older adults living alone were examined. BACKGROUND: Although a regular dietary meal plan is recommended for improving nutritional status of older adults living alone, little research is done in this field in Korea. DESIGN: A pre- and post-test controlled quasi-experimental design was used at public health centres...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825608/eating-disorders-and-disordered-eating-symptoms-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
REVIEW
Giada Toni, Maria Giulia Berioli, Laura Cerquiglini, Giulia Ceccarini, Ursula Grohmann, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Eating problems in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) can be divided into two groups. The first includes the diagnosed eating disorders (EDs), i.e., diseases specifically identified by defined signs and symptoms for which a degree of severity has been established, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, pica, and rumination. The second is the group of disordered eating symptoms (DES), which include behaviors such as dieting for weight loss, binge eating, self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, and laxative or diuretic use; these behaviors cannot be categorized as complete diseases, and, although apparently mild, they must be closely evaluated because they can evolve into true EDs...
August 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806297/adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-assessment-by-dietician-interview-and-serology
#15
Pooja Mehta, Zhaoxing Pan, Marisa Dzarnoski Riley, Edwin Liu
We aimed to 1) determine if tissue transglutaminase autoantibody (tTG) positivity was associated with dietitian-assessed adherence to a gluten-free diet in pediatric patients with celiac disease and 2) identify areas where adherence falters. We reviewed the records of children with celiac disease who had a standardized evaluation of adherence by a registered dietitian. A negative tTG value was not associated with good adherence (p = NS). Adherent and nonadherent children differed with respect to purposeful and accidental gluten exposure (p < 0...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797300/can-routine-clinical-data-identify-older-patients-at-risk-of-poor-healthcare-outcomes-on-admission-to-hospital
#16
Kinda Ibrahim, Charlotte Owen, Harnish P Patel, Carl May, Mark Baxter, Avan A Sayer, Helen C Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Older patients who are at risk of poor healthcare outcomes should be recognised early during hospital admission to allow appropriate interventions. It is unclear whether routinely collected data can identify high-risk patients. The aim of this study was to define current practice with regard to the identification of older patients at high risk of poor healthcare outcomes on admission to hospital. RESULTS: Interviews/focus groups were conducted to establish the views of 22 healthcare staff across five acute medicine for older people wards in one hospital including seven nurses, four dieticians, seven doctors, and four therapists...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792238/costs-of-training-health-professionals-a-cost-to-whom-response-to-the-real-cost-of-training-health-professionals-in-australia-it-costs-as-much-to-build-a-dietician-workforce-as-a-dental-workforce-doi-10-1177-1355819616668202
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755197/dietary-considerations-in-tyrosinemia-type-i
#18
Francjan J van Spronsen, Margreet van Rijn, Uta Meyer, Anibh M Das
Since the introduction of 2-(2 nitro-4-3 trifluoro-methylbenzoyl)-1, 3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC), life expectancy of HT1 patients greatly improved. However, due to treatment with NTBC, tyrosine concentrations greatly increase. As a consequence to possible neurocognitive problems, the main objective of dietary therapy in HT1 is to provide adequate nutrition allowing normal growth and development while strictly controlling tyrosine levels in blood (and tissues). Although no well-defined target levels exist, tyrosine concentrations below 400 μmol/L are considered to be safe...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754498/a-pragmatic-introduction-of-mindfulness-in-a-continuing-education-setting-exploring-personal-experience-bridging-to-professional-practice
#19
Maryanna D Klatt, Kellie Weinhold, Christopher A Taylor, Kayla Zuber, Cynthia J Sieck
CONTEXT: Continuing Medical Education and Continuing Professional Education (CME/CPE) provide a context through which to introduce practicing Healthcare Professionals (HCPs) to emerging mind/body approaches. OBJECTIVE: To introduce mindfulness to practicing HCPs for application in their practice through an experiential CME/CPE session. DESIGN: This descriptive study included surveys administered in the context of a CME/CPE session at professional meetings, as well as a three-month follow-up survey...
June 30, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739335/weight-decrease-improves-live-birth-rates-in-obese-women-undergoing-ivf-a-pilot-study
#20
Juan J Espinós, Ana Polo, Juan Sánchez-Hernández, Ramón Bordas, Pere Pares, Olga Martínez, Joaquim Calaf
Obese women have lower pregnancy rates than normal-weight women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate whether a 12-week diet and exercise intervention before an IVF cycle would influence pregnancy rates in obese women. Forty-one patients were enrolled in this study. They were randomly allocated to two groups: an intervention group (n = 21), who underwent an individualized diet and physical exercise programme supervised by a dietician, and a control group (n = 20), who started IVF with no previous intervention...
July 6, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
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