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Dietician

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002076/what-do-participants-of-the-crohn-s-and-colitis-uk-ccuk-annual-york-walk-think-of-their-inflammatory-bowel-disease-care-a-short-report-on-a-survey
#1
Antonina Mikocka-Walus, Madeleine Power, Lisa Rook, Gerry Robins
There has been a growing interest in a patient-centered model of care in inflammatory bowel disease; however, no relevant study using a mixed methodology has been conducted to date. Thus, our multidisciplinary group aimed to explore the issue of patient involvement in care among the inflammatory bowel disease community. A mixed-methods anonymous survey was conducted during the Crohn's and Colitis UK annual event. Summary statistics were used to describe the sample, and a simple thematic analysis identified key themes in qualitative responses...
December 19, 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999853/nutritional-follow-up-after-discharge-prevents-readmission-to-hospital-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
J Lindegaard Pedersen, P U Pedersen, E M Damsgaard
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of two individualized nutritional follow-up intervention strategies (home visit or telephone consultation) with no follow-up, with regard to acute readmissions to hospital at two points in time, 30 and 90 days after discharge from hospital. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with two intervention groups and one control group, and monitoring on readmission at 30 and 90 days after discharge. SETTING: Intervention in the participants' homes after discharge from hospital...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978972/-dietary-management-of-obese-patients
#3
Karine Lambert
As part of the complex management of obese patients, dieticians carry out a detailed analysis of their dietary behaviour. Taking into account various elements relating or not to the condition, they identify areas to work on, in particular through individual or collective therapeutic education.
December 2016: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964962/improving-community-ambulation-after-hip-fracture-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
D Orwig, K K Mangione, M Baumgarten, M Terrin, R Fortinsky, A M Kenny, A L Gruber-Baldini, B Beamer, Ana Tosteson, M Shardell, L Magder, E Binder, K Koval, B Resnick, R L Craik, J Magaziner
INTRODUCTION: After a hip fracture in older persons, significant disability often remains; dependency in functional activities commonly persists beyond 3 months after surgery. Endurance, dynamic balance, quadriceps strength, and function are compromised, and contribute to an inability to walk independently in the community. In the United States, people aged 65 years and older are eligible to receive Medicare funding for physiotherapy for a limited time after a hip fracture. A goal of outpatient physiotherapy is independent and safe household ambulation 2 to 3 months after surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957270/-dentists-and-dietitians-recommendations-of-snacks-and-dental-caries-experience-among-kindergarteners
#5
Masahiro Heima, Tanya Ranginwala, Sorin Teich
BACKGROUND: Parents receive diet recommendations for their children from dentists and dietitians, but a conflict of diet suggestions has been reported. This research was conducted to investigate dental caries experiences in children consuming snacks that were recommended by dentists and/or dietitians. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 442 kindergarteners under went dental examinations, and their caregivers filled out questionnaires. Snacks were sorted by name. Three dentists and three dietitians determined whether they would recommend these snacks...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943093/relevance-of-self-reported-behavioral-changes-before-bariatric-surgery-to-predict-success-after-surgery
#6
Séverine Ledoux, Ouidad Sami, Marie-Christine Breuil, Marie Delapierre, Daniela Calabrese, Simon Msika, Muriel Coupaye
BACKGROUND: International guidelines emphasize the need for multidisciplinary preparation to improve the safety and effectiveness of bariatric surgery (BS), but whether the patient is ready for surgery is difficult to assess. The objective of this study was to explore whether inquiries on dietary habits and physical activity before surgery are predictive of postoperative weight loss. METHODS: We prospectively assessed in 78 candidates for BS (age, 43 ± 12 years; M/F, 15/63; weight, 122 ± 17 kg; IMC, 44 ± 5 kg/m(2)) anthropometric parameters, food intake, and physical activity (Baecke questionnaire) at the beginning and the end of a systematized preoperative preparation (7 ± 2 months) including consultations (mean number 7 ± 2) with a nutritionist, dietician, psychologist, and sports coach...
December 9, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930524/dietary-protein-and-fat-intake-in-relation-to-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma-in-korean
#7
Sun Young Yang, Young Sun Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Jueun Seol, Ji Hyun Song, Goh Eun Chung, Jeong Yoon Yim, Sun Hee Lim, Joo Sung Kim
Consumption of red meat and alcohol are known risk factors for colorectal cancer, but associations for dietary fat remain unclear. We investigated the associations of dietary fat, protein, and energy intake with prevalence of colorectal adenoma.We performed a prospective cross-sectional study on asymptomatic persons who underwent a screening colonoscopy at a single center during a routine health check-up from May to December 2011. Dietary data were obtained via a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), assisted by a registered dietician...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900930/availability-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-primary-care-for-patients-with-copd-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#8
Mats Arne, Margareta Emtner, Karin Lisspers, Karin Wadell, Björn Ställberg
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important, evidence-based component for the management of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In daily practice, the majority of COPD patients are treated in primary care. However, information about the availability of PR in primary care in Sweden is lacking. The aim was to investigate the availability of rehabilitation resources in primary care settings for patients with COPD in Sweden. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied, using web-based questionnaires sent to all primary care centres in four regions, comprising more than half of the 9...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890489/spinal-muscular-atrophy-types-i-and-ii-what-are-the-differences-in%C3%A2-body-composition-and-resting-energy-expenditure
#9
Simona Bertoli, Ramona De Amicis, Chiara Mastella, Giulia Pieri, Ester Giaquinto, Alberto Battezzati, Alessandro Leone, Giovanni Baranello
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Different neuromuscular functional domains in types I and II Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMAI and SMAII) could lead to differences in body composition (BC) and resting energy expenditure (REE). Their identification could provide the key to defining appropriate strategies in clinical dietary management, but data comparing SMAI and SMAII in terms of BC and REE are not yet available. We measured total and regional fat (FM), lean (LBM), mineral (BMC) masses, body water (total, intra- and extra-cellular, TBW, ICW, ECW) and REE in a sample of SMAI and II children, matched for age and sex, and also adjusting for body size to compare these features of the two SMA phenotypes...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872168/accurate-carbohydrate-counting-is-an-important-determinant-of-postprandial-glycemia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-on-insulin-pump-therapy
#10
Asma Deeb, Ahlam Al Hajeri, Iman Alhmoudi, Nico Nagelkerke
BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate (CHO) counting is a key nutritional intervention utilized in the management of diabetes to optimize postprandial glycemia. The aim of the study was to examine the impact of accuracy of CHO counting on the postprandial glucose in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy. METHODS: Children/adolescents with type 1 diabetes who were on insulin pump therapy for a minimum of 6 months are enrolled in the study. Patients were instructed to record details of meals consumed, estimated CHO count per meal, and 2-hour postprandial glucose readings over 3-5 days...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858698/low-back-pain-prevalence-in-healthcare-professionals-and-identification-of-factors-affecting-low-back-pain
#11
Ozge Cınar-Medeni, Bulent Elbasan, Irem Duzgun
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal system diseases are commonly observed among nurses, physiotherapists, dentists, and dieticians. OBJECTIVE: To assess working postures of nurses, physiotherapists, dentists and dieticians, to identify whether low back pain (LBP) is present, and to put forth the correlation between LBP, working posture, and other factors. METHODS: Twenty seven physiotherapists, 34 nurses, 30 dentists, and 16 dieticians were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822030/management-of-copd-equal-treatment-across-age-gender-and-social-situation-a-register-study
#12
Ingela Henoch, Susann Strang, Claes-Göran Löfdahl, Ann Ekberg-Jansson
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive chronic disease where treatment decisions should be based on disease severity and also should be equally distributed across age, gender, and social situation. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent patients with COPD are offered evidence-based interventions and how the interventions are distributed across demographic and clinical factors in the sample. Baseline registrations of demographic, disease-related, and management-related variables of 7,810 patients in the Swedish National Airway Register are presented...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812378/the-clinical-characteristics-and-hospital-and-post-hospital-survival-of-patients-with-the-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-analysis-of-a-large-cohort
#13
P E Marik, C Chen
OBJECTIVE: The worldwide prevalence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is a common yet largely undiagnosed and mistreated condition that likely carries a high mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics, hospital outcome, outcome following hospital discharge and predictors of death in a large cohort of patients hospitalized with OHS. OHS is an important condition as many patients with this syndrome are misdiagnosed and receive inappropriate treatment...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793065/success-rates-in-a-diabetes-specialist-nurse-led-education-programme-re-setting-the-glucostat
#14
A H Heald, S G Anderson, A Khan, J Stocker, S Davies, K Bliss, M Livingston, P Donnelly
Background: Analysis of National Diabetes Audit data from 2011-2012 of newly diagnosed people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) found low initial success rates in much of the UK at 20% on initial training, while an unusually high success rate of 75% achieving target HbA1C<58 mmol/mol (< 7.5%) was found in Cheshire (England average=40.8%). We present a review of the approach taken by the Cheshire Diabetes team in the 12 months following diagnosis. Methods: Between 2012 and 2013, 15 consecutive newly diagnosed people with type 1 DM were followed up for 18 months...
October 28, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758898/the-real-cost-of-training-health-professionals-in-australia-it-costs-as-much-to-build-a-dietician-workforce-as-a-dental-workforce
#15
Leonie Segal, Claire Marsh, Rob Heyes
OBJECTIVES: We explored the real cost of training the workforce in a range of primary health care professions in Australia with a focus on the impact of retention to contribute to the debate on how best to achieve the optimal health workforce mix. METHODS: The cost to train an entry-level health professional across 12 disciplines was derived from university fees, payment for clinical placements and, where relevant, cost of internship, adjusted for student drop-out...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720664/pharmacological-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-neonates
#16
Jennifer G Jetton, Mark Sorenson
Both acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are seen more frequently in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as advances in supportive care improve the survival of critically ill infants as well as those with severe, congenital kidney and urinary tract anomalies. Many aspects of the infant's care, including fluid balance, electrolyte and mineral homeostasis, acid-base balance, and growth and nutrition require close monitoring by and collaboration among neonatologists, nephrologists, dieticians, and pharmacologists...
October 6, 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709234/early-nutritional-follow-up-after-discharge-prevents-deterioration-of-adl-functions-in-malnourished-independent-geriatric-patients-who-live-alone-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
J L Pedersen, P U Pedersen, E M Damsgaard
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of two nutritional follow-up interventions with regard to preventing short-term deterioration in ADL, and to compare their effects on physical function, emotional health, and health-related quality of life. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with two intervention groups and one control group, and a follow-up period of eight weeks. SETTING: Intervention in the participants' homes after discharge from hospital...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702711/optimal-nutrition-therapy-in-paediatric-critical-care-in-the-asia-pacific-and-middle-east-a-consensus
#18
REVIEW
Jan Hau Lee, Elizabeth Rogers, Yek Kee Chor, Rujipat Samransamruajkit, Pei Lin Koh, Mohamad Miqdady, Ali Ibrahim Al-Mehaidib, Antonius Pudjiadi, Sunit Singhi, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Current practices and available resources for nutrition therapy in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in the Asia Pacific-Middle East region are expected to differ from western countries. Existing guidelines for nutrition management in critically ill children may not be directly applicable in this region. This paper outlines consensus statements developed by the Asia Pacific-Middle East Consensus Working Group on Nutrition Therapy in the Paediatric Critical Care Environment...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683196/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-in-children-and-adults-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-options
#19
REVIEW
G Di Nardo, C Di Lorenzo, A Lauro, V Stanghellini, N Thapar, T B Karunaratne, U Volta, R De Giorgio
BACKGROUND: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) represents the most severe form of gastrointestinal dysmotility with debilitating and potentially lethal consequences. Symptoms can be non-specific, and result in this condition being diagnosed incorrectly or too late with consequences for morbidity and even mortality. PURPOSE: The present article aims to provide pediatric and adult gastroenterologists with an up to date review about clinical features, diagnosis and therapeutic options for CIPO...
January 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676852/socio-professional-and-family-reintegration-of-patients-having-suffered-a-breast-cancer-with-a-deconditioning
#20
Anne-Sophie Dolez, Azahara Alcantara, Romain Mouny
The Montévrain clinic wants to be a medical center oriented towards autonomy and recovery of patient autonomy, reintegration within the family, as well as social and professional reintegration. After studying the care offer and the population base in Seine et Marne, we wanted to get involved in order to improve the capacity of patients treated for breast cancer, suffering deconditioning, with or without joint limitation and functional impairment, with or without a mental deterioration. We studied the recommendations of the "plan cancer III", researched the tertiary phase of cancer treatment and studied literature about evaluation of the physical and mental condition...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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