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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#1
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345113/intervention-for-childhood-obesity-based-on-parents-only-or-parents-and-child-compared-with-follow-up-alone
#2
M Yackobovitch-Gavan, D Wolf Linhard, N Nagelberg, I Poraz, S Shalitin, M Phillip, J Meyerovitch
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the effects of family-based interventions targeted to parents only or to parents-and-child for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. METHOD: An open-label randomized study was conducted in 247 children (166 girls, 5-11 years) with body mass index (BMI) in the 85-98th percentile. Participants were allocated to three groups: parents-only (n = 89), parents-and-child (n = 84) and follow-up alone (n = 74). The intervention consisted of 12 once-weekly meetings with a dietician and psychologist...
January 17, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336622/nutritional-supplement-and-functional-food-use-among-medical-students-in-india
#3
Nitin Joseph, Abhinav Kumar, Harjas Singh, Mohammed Shaheen, Kriti Das, Apurva Shrivastava
This study was conducted to assess the pattern of use of nutritional supplements (NSs) and functional foods (FFs), reasons for their use, factors influencing their use, and perception toward their use among medical students. Data were collected from 400 randomly chosen participants using a self-administered semistructured questionnaire. The most common source of information on these substances was from medical professionals (n = 140 [35%]). Multivitamins were consumed by 48 (45.3%) participants. Most common reasons stated for the use of supplements were for good health (n = 39 [36...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326093/face-to-face-versus-mobile-versus-blended-weight-loss-program-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Emalie Hurkmans, Christophe Matthys, An Bogaerts, Leonie Scheys, Karlien Devloo, Jan Seghers
BACKGROUND: Conventional face-to-face weight loss and weight control programs are very labor intensive for both the patient and the provider. It is unclear to what extent conventional programs can be (partially) completed by mobile health (mHealth) apps. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of different weight loss programs using a combination of conventional and mobile programs among adults who are overweight (body mass index [BMI]>29 kg/m²)...
January 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318607/the-profile-of-diabetes-healthcare-professionals-in-indonesia-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
T Ligita, K Wicking, N Harvey, J Mills
AIM: To explore and synthesize evidence of the literature about healthcare professionals involved in the provision of diabetes management within an Indonesian context. BACKGROUND: Indonesia is challenged to control the major burden of diabetes prevalence rate that requires a multidimensional approach with the aim to optimize existing health services by involving healthcare professionals who can promote access and provide diabetes management. METHODS: This literature review, which is integrated with a scoping study framework, used the electronic databases including CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science to locate papers particular to the Indonesian context...
January 10, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305048/the-current-state-of-knowledge-perception-and-practice-in-diabetes-management-during-fasting-in-ramadan-by-healthcare-professionals
#6
Sueziani B Zainudin, Aslena B Hussain
AIMS: Obligatory Ramadan fasting is challenging in the management of Muslims with diabetes due to increased risk of complications from altered meals and activities. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, perception and practice of healthcare professionals in diabetes management during fasting and the outcome of education on management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed healthcare professionals enrolled in pre-Ramadan education involving an endocrinologist, diabetes specialized nurse and dietician...
December 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235133/operating-on-the-self-transforming-agency-through-obesity-surgery-and-treatment
#7
Else Vogel
In this article, I describe the processes through which patients diagnosed with 'morbid obesity' become active subjects through undergoing obesity surgery and an empowerment lifestyle programme in a Dutch obesity clinic. Following work in actor-network theory and material semiotics that complicates the distinction between active and passive subjects, I trace how agency is configured and re-distributed throughout the treatment trajectory. In the clinic's elaborate care assemblage - consisting of dieticians, exercise coaches and psychologists - the person is not only actively involved in his/her own change, the subject of intervention is the self as 'actor': his/her material constitution, inclinations and feelings...
December 12, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222619/improvement-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-a-tailored-behavioural-sleep%C3%A2-medicine-intervention-targeting-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Helena Igelström, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Margareta Emtner, Eva Lindberg
PURPOSE: The aim of the present single-centre randomised controlled trial was to assess the effect of a behavioural sleep medicine (BSM) intervention on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in patients who have been referred for new treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHODS: After baseline assessment including ventilatory and anthropometric parameters, and physical activity monitoring, 86 patients who were overweight (BMI ≥ 25) and had moderate-severe OSA with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15 were randomised into a control group (CG; CPAP and advice about weight loss) or an experimental group (ExpG; CPAP and BSM intervention targeting physical activity and eating behaviour)...
December 8, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206731/enteral-feeding-practices-in-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease-across-european-picus-a-european-society-of-pediatric-and-neonatal-intensive-care-survey
#9
Lyvonne N Tume, Reinis Balmaks, Eduardo da Cruz, Lynne Latten, Sascha Verbruggen, Frédéric V Valla
OBJECTIVES: To describe enteral feeding practices in pre and postoperative infants with congenital heart disease in European PICUs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey. SETTING: European PICUs that admit infants with congenital heart disease pre- and postoperatively. PARTICIPANTS: One senior PICU physician or designated person per unit. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Fifty-nine PICUs from 18 European countries responded to the survey...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199876/perceived-factors-influencing-hospital-based-primary-care-clinic-referrals-to-community-health-medical-nutrition-therapy-an-exploratory-study
#10
Priscilla A Barnes, Carol Weiss-Kennedy, Samantha Schaefer, Erin Fogarty, Krisha Thiagarajah, David K Lohrmann
Primary care clinics provide an array of diagnostic and clinical services that assist patients in preventing the onset or managing acute and chronic conditions. Some chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes require primary care professionals to seek additional medical intervention from registered dieticians. This study explored beliefs, attitudes, and practices of medical and administrative professionals in primary care clinics encountering patients who are potential candidates for ongoing nutrition education or counselling...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182277/the-overall-content-of-salicylic-acid-and-salicylates-in-food-available-on-the-european-market
#11
Paulina Katarzyna Kęszycka, Michał Szkop, Danuta Gajewska
The study aimed to determine the salicylates content in 112 products available on the European market. Quantitative determination of free and conjugated forms of salicylic acid (SA) in food was performed using reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with fluorescence detection. The salicylates contents ranged from 0 to 1675.79 (µg/100 g). The results of this study confirm the presence of salicylates in food products, as well as a broad content diversity of these compounds depending on the species, variety and method of processing of food items...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174727/evaluation-of-a-multidisciplinary-burn-care-journal-club-lessons-learned
#12
T Carta, J P Gawaziuk, N Cristall, L Forbes, S Logsetty
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs allow discussion of the quality and findings of recent publications. However, journal clubs have not historically been multidisciplinary. Burn care is recognized as a true collaborative care model, including regular multidisciplinary rounds. Since 2011 we have offered a multidisciplinary burn journal club at our institution. We present an evaluation of the factors that have made the sessions successful to facilitate others to commence their own club. METHODS: At the end of each journal club session participants anonymously completed a structured evaluation...
November 22, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158725/nutritional-supplement-practices-of-professional-ugandan-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Haruna Muwonge, Robert Zavuga, Peninnah Aligawesa Kabenge, Timothy Makubuya
Background: The use of nutritional supplements (NS) places athletes at great risk for inadvertent doping. Due to the paucity of data on supplement use, this study aimed to determine the proportion of Ugandan athletes using nutritional supplements and to investigate the athletes' motivation to use these supplements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 359 professional athletes participating in individual (boxing, cycling, athletics) and team (basketball, rugby, football, netball, and volleyball) sports...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131701/are-the-level-of-knowledge-and-practices-of-pregnant-women-regarding-folic-acid-supplementation-still-inadequate-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-middle-eastern-urban-setting
#14
Antoine Aoun, Lara Faddoul, Flora El Jabbour, Nada El Osta, Sani Hlais, Lana El Osta
This observational cross-sectional study aimed to examine the knowledge and practices of pregnant women in North Lebanon regarding periconceptional folic acid (FA) supplementation. A convenience sample of pregnant women attending gynecology clinics in North Lebanon was recruited between May and September 2013. Data were collected from a face-to-face interview performed by a trained local dietician as well as from review of obstetric charts. A total of 465 women were included in the study. Only 37 (7.9%) were aware of the role of FA in preventing birth defects, while 129 (27...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116868/a-multiple-group-measurement-scale-for-interprofessional-collaboration-adaptation-and-validation-into-italian-and-german-languages
#15
Fabio Vittadello, Maria Mischo-Kelling, Heike Wieser, Luisa Cavada, Lukas Lochner, Carla Naletto, Verena Fink, Scott Reeves
This article presents a study that aimed to validate a translation of a multiple-group measurement scale for interprofessional collaboration (IPC). We used survey data gathered over a three month period as part of a mixed methods study that explored the nature of IPC in Northern Italy. Following a translation from English into Italian and German the survey was distributed online to over 5,000 health professionals (dieticians, nurses, occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists, speech therapists and psychologists) based in one regional health trust...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093238/multidiscipline-care-for-type-2-diabetes-patients-from-general-to-asian-population
#16
Benedicta Mutiara Suwita, Dewi Friska, Deriyan Sukma Widjaja, Liana Srisawitri
Multidiscipline care is defined as a care consisting of at least a physician, a nurse, and other healthcare worker (eg. dietician). Multidiscipline care has generated benefits, both in medical aspects (eg. increasing patients' compliance) and nonmedical aspects (eg. more cost-effective than conventional treatment). There are several models of multidiscpline care; however, which model is more suitable for type 2 diabetes care is not clear yet. In this review, we aimed to identify and compare multidiscipline care method for reducing glycated hemoglobin ( HbA1C) levels in type 2 diabetes patients, particularly Asian patients because they have greater tendency to develop type 2 diabetes at lower degrees of obesity and at younger ages than Caucasian ethnic group...
July 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066907/role-of-the-multidisciplinary-team-in-the-care-of-the-tracheostomy-patient
#17
REVIEW
Barbara Bonvento, Sarah Wallace, James Lynch, Barry Coe, Brendan A McGrath
Tracheostomies are used to provide artificial airways for increasingly complex patients for a variety of indications. Patients and their families are dependent on knowledgeable multidisciplinary staff, including medical, nursing, respiratory physiotherapy and speech and language therapy staff, dieticians and psychologists, from a wide range of specialty backgrounds. There is increasing evidence that coordinated tracheostomy multidisciplinary teams can influence the safety and quality of care for patients and their families...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062439/problems-in-bariatric-patient-care-challenges-for-dieticians
#18
REVIEW
Małgorzata Kostecka, Monika Bojanowska
Obesity management options include a low-calorie diet, behavioral therapy, regular physical activity and pharmacological therapy. However, treatment failure is frequently encountered, most of these methods are ineffective, and a positive outcome is rarely maintained in the long term. In morbidly obese patients, bariatric surgery is considered the most effective treatment for obesity as well as the accompanying diseases. Bariatric surgery promotes much greater weight loss than conservative treatment, regardless of the applied surgical technique...
September 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037238/developing-dimensions-for-a-multicomponent-multidisciplinary-approach-to-obesity-management-a-qualitative-study
#19
Anita J Cochrane, Bob Dick, Neil A King, Andrew P Hills, David J Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: There have been consistent recommendations for multicomponent and multidisciplinary approaches for obesity management. However, there is no clear agreement on the components, disciplines or processes to be considered within such an approach. In this study, we explored multicomponent and multidisciplinary approaches through an examination of knowledge, skills, beliefs, and recommendations of stakeholders involved in obesity management. These stakeholders included researchers, practitioners, educators, and patients...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960483/families-perceived-benefits-of-home-visits-for-managing-paediatric-obesity-outweigh-the-potential-costs-and-barriers
#20
Nicole D Gehring, Geoff D C Ball, Arnaldo Perez, Nicholas L Holt, Daniel Neuman, Nicholas Spence, Laura Mercier, Mary Jetha
AIM: Home visits have successfully been used to deliver various health services, but what role could they play in paediatric weight management? Low treatment initiation and high attrition prompted our multidisciplinary paediatric weight management clinic to investigate how families perceived the benefits and barriers of home visits. METHODS: We focused on children with obesity aged 2-17 who were enrolled in our tertiary-level clinic in Alberta, Canada. None had received a home visit...
September 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
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