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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340360/the-influence-of-carbohydrate-consumption-on-glycemic-control-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Björg Ásbjörnsdóttir, Cecelia E Akueson, Helle Ronneby, Ane Rytter, Jens R Andersen, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen
AIMS: To study the influence of the quantity and the quality of carbohydrate consumption on glycemic control in early pregnancy among women with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A retrospective study of 107 women with type 1 diabetes who completed 1-3days of diet recording before first antenatal visit, as a part of routine care. The total daily carbohydrate consumption from the major sources (e.g. bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, dairy products, fruits, candy) was calculated...
December 23, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303702/studies-on-the-quality-nutrition-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#2
Małgorzata Szczuko, Patrycja Sankowska, Marta Zapałowska-Chwyć, Paweł Wysokiński
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) manifests itself with various symptoms, therefore it interests representatives of many medical specializations: general practitioners, gynecologists, endocrinologists, dermatologists, cardiologists and those who deal with metabolic disorders, such as dieticians. Objective: The aim of this study was perform the qualitative assessment of components of diets of women with PCOS as one of the major factor contributing to the disease...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284824/-report-on-chronic-dialysis-in-france-in-2016
#3
Société Francophone de Néphrologie Dialyse Et Transplantation
The report on dialysis in France in 2016 from the French Speaking Society of Nephrology Dialysis and Transplantation (SFNDT) provides an exhaustive and documented inventory on dialysis in France. It underlines the organizations that are important in 2016 to maintain a high quality dialysis. Several measures are proposed to maintain and improve the care of dialysis in France: (1) The regulation of dialysis treatment in France must be maintained; (2) a burden of care indicator is proposed to ensure that patients requiring the most care are treated in the centers...
March 8, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284359/development-and-validation-of-a-brief-instrument-to-measure-knowledge-about-the-energy-content-of-meals
#4
Sonja Mötteli, Jana Barbey, Carmen Keller, Tamara Bucher, Michael Siegrist
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a brief scale to assess knowledge about the energy content of meals for adults in Switzerland. METHODS: Based on a random sample, the scale was developed using a Rasch model approach. To assess validity and reliability, the model was replicated and scores were compared with another nutrition knowledge measure and with dietitian trainees' scores. A test-retest was performed. RESULTS: Survey studies included 477, 505, and 136 participants from the general population and 59 dietician trainees...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274259/development-of-the-us-english-version-of-the-phenylketonuria-quality-of-life-pku-qol-questionnaire
#5
Elaina Jurecki, Amy Cunningham, Vanessa Birardi, Grégory Gagol, Catherine Acquadro
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare genetic disorder caused by a defect in the metabolism of phenylalanine (PHE) resulting in elevated blood and brain PHE levels, and leading to cognitive, emotional, and psychosocial problems. The phenylketonuria - quality of life (PKU-QOL) questionnaire was the first self-administered disease-specific instrument developed to assess the impact of PKU and its treatment on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients and their caregivers...
March 9, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264692/a-three-component-cognitive-behavioural-lifestyle-program-for-preconceptional-weight-loss-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
G Jiskoot, S H Benneheij, A Beerthuizen, J E de Niet, C de Klerk, R Timman, J J Busschbach, J S E Laven
BACKGROUND: Obesity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) negatively affects all clinical features, and a 5 to 10% weight loss has shown promising results on reproductive, metabolic and psychological level. Incorporating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity and changing dysfunctional thought patterns in women with PCOS are key points in losing weight. The biggest challenge in weight management programs is to achieve a reasonable and sustainable weight loss. The aim of this study is to explore whether Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) by a mental health professional, working in a multidisciplinary team with a dietician and a physical therapist (a three-component intervention), is more effective for weight loss in the long term, within 12 months...
March 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264036/validation-of-the-instrument-of-health-literacy-competencies-for-chinese-speaking-health-professionals
#7
Li-Chun Chang, Yu-Chi Chen, Li-Ling Liao, Fei Ling Wu, Pei-Lin Hsieh, Hsiao-Jung Chen
The study aimed to illustrate the constructs and test the psychometric properties of an instrument of health literacy competencies (IOHLC) for health professionals. A multi-phase questionnaire development method was used to develop the scale. The categorization of the knowledge and practice domains achieved consensus through a modified Delphi process. To reduce the number of items, the 92-item IOHLC was psychometrically evaluated through internal consistency, Rasch modeling, and two-stage factor analysis. In total, 736 practitioners, including nurses, nurse practitioners, health educators, case managers, and dieticians completed the 92-item IOHLC online from May 2012 to January 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260233/long-term-effects-of-a-computer-based-nutritional-training-program-for-inpatient-hospital-care
#8
Albert Westergren, Ellinor Edfors, Erika Norberg, Anna Stubbendorff, Gita Hedin, Martin Wetterstrand, Peter Hagell
RATIONALE: A previous short-term study showed that a computer-based training in eating and nutrition increased the probability for hospital inpatients at undernutrition (UN) risk to receive nutritional treatment and care without increasing overtreatment (providing nutritional treatment to those not at UN risk). The aim of this study was to investigate if a computer-based training in eating and nutrition influences the precision in nutritional treatment and care in a longer-term perspective...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244661/who-should-deliver-the-low-fodmap-diet-and-what-educational-methods-are-optimal-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Majella O'Keeffe, Miranda Ce Lomer
Dietary management is being hailed as an effective strategy for the management of irritable bowel syndrome. Specifically, a diet low in fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs) has demonstrated efficacy in approximately 70% of patients. As evidence in support of the low FODMAP diet continues to emerge, there is increasing debate regarding implementation of the diet particularly concerning who should educate patients and how to educate them. Registered dieticians have largely pioneered the evidence that supports the effectiveness of the low FODMAP diet in irritable bowel syndrome, and the diet is recognized as a dietician-led therapy...
March 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242313/eating-behaviour-among-nutrition-students-and-social-desirability-as-a-confounder
#10
Dóris Freitas, Bruno Mpm Oliveira, Flora Correia, Sílvia Pinhão, Rui Poínhos
INTRODUCTION: The study of eating behaviour should consider the presence of potential sources of bias, including social desirability. This is particularly relevant among students of Nutrition Sciences, since they have a higher risk of eating disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of social desirability in the assessment of eating behaviour dimensions among nutrition students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analysed data from 149 students of Nutrition Sciences...
February 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239482/aggressive-clinical-approach-to-obesity-improves-metabolic-and-clinical-outcomes-and-can-prevent-bariatric-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#11
Flavio A Cadegiani, Gustavo C Diniz, Gabriella Alves
BACKGROUND: The number of bariatric procedures has exponentially increased in the past decade, as a result of the lack of successful clinical weight-loss interventions. The main reasons for the failure of clinical obesity management are: (1) anti-obesity medications are administered as monotherapies (or pre-combined drugs); (2) lack of combination between pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological modalities; (3) short duration of pharmacotherapy for obesity; (4) lack of weight-loss maintenance strategies; (5) misunderstanding of the complex pathophysiology of obesity; and (6) underprescription of anti-obesity medications...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210448/assessing-the-need-for-a-protocol-in-monitoring-weight-loss-and-nutritional-status-in-orthognathic-surgery-based-on-patients-experiences
#12
Muhammad Ruslin, Hannah Dekker, Dirk B Tuinzing, Tymour Forouzanfar
BACKGROUND: To investigate retrospectively the orthognathic surgery (OGS) patients experience in weight loss and the influence of gender, age, duration of the surgical procedure, length of hospital stay, location of surgery and use of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) or without IMF on postoperative weight loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 4487 patients treated by OGS where all patients visited the outpatient clinic one, three and six weeks after the surgical procedure...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209636/a-randomized-crossover-trial-of-dietary-sodium-restriction-in-stage-3-4-ckd
#13
Rajiv Saran, Robin L Padilla, Brenda W Gillespie, Michael Heung, Scott L Hummel, Vimal Kumar Derebail, Bertram Pitt, Nathan W Levin, Fansan Zhu, Samer R Abbas, Li Liu, Peter Kotanko, Philip Klemmer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often volume expanded and hypertensive. Few controlled studies have assessed the effects of a sodium-restricted diet (SRD) in CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a randomized crossover trial to evaluate the effect of SRD (target <2 g sodium per day) versus usual diet on hydration status (by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy) and blood pressure (BP) between May of 2009 and May of 2013...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185122/multidisciplinary-approach-in-the-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension
#14
REVIEW
S A Potthoff, O Vonend
With its high prevalence and the eminent number of undetected or poorly controlled patients, the management of arterial hypertension is still a challenging task. Uncontrolled blood pressure is the major adjustable risk factor for cardiovascular end organ damage for coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and renal disease. Patients with resistant hypertension often need a multidisciplinary approach in order to control their blood pressure sustainably. In cooperation with hypertension specialists, the underlying cause for therapy resistance should be evaluated...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#15
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155319/knowledge-attitudes-and-management-skills-of-medical-practitioners-regarding-weight-management
#16
Vangile B Mkhatshwa, Gboyega A Ogunbanjo, Langalibalele H Mabuza
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have become a global problem. Health professionals are poorly prepared in weight management, which has an effect on their attitudes and management skills with regard to overweight and obese patients.Aim and setting: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and management skills of medical practitioners regarding weight management at Odi District Hospital, Gauteng Province, South Africa. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 48 medical practitioners at Odi Hospital between 01 October and 31 October 2013...
November 29, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152219/effect-of-prophylactic-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-on-swallowing-in-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Lars Axelsson, Ewa Silander, Jan Nyman, Mogens Bove, Leif Johansson, Eva Hammerlid
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common in head and neck cancer. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is used to facilitate nutrition; however, some retrospective studies have indicated that the PEG tube causes dysphagia. METHODS: A randomized study of patients with head and neck cancer was conducted with up to 10 years of follow-up. Patients were randomized to either the prophylactic PEG tube group (study group) or the common clinical nutritional support group (control group)...
February 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145084/an-exploratory-study-into-the-unmet-supportive-needs-of-people-diagnosed-with-cirrhosis-in-queensland-australia
#18
Patricia C Valery, Paul J Clark, Steven M McPhail, Tony Rahman, Kelly Hayward, Jennifer Martin, Leigh Horsfall, Michael L Volk, Richard Skoien, E Powell
BACKGROUND: Many patients with cirrhosis follow complex medication and dietary regimens and those with decompensated cirrhosis suffer debilitating complications. These factors impact on activities of daily living and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To explore the concerns and challenges of people with cirrhosis and their use of support services. Also, to describe health professionals' (HP) perspectives of patients' concerns. METHODS: Cross-sectional study at a tertiary liver clinic involving 50 patients and 54 HPs...
February 1, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138414/feasibility-of-use-of-a-mobile-application-for-nutrition-assessment-pertinent-to-age-related-macular-degeneration-manager2
#19
Zaria Christine Ali, Richard Silvioli, Azita Rajai, Tariq Mehmood Aslam
PURPOSE: This is a feasibility study assessing use of a mobile phone application (app.) to measure nutrient intake relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Inclusion criteria were age over 40 and ownership of a smartphone. Participants included healthy volunteers and those with ophthalmic conditions. They were asked to record daily food intake for a minimum of 3 days in a paper food diary and the app. A dietician analyzed the food diaries, and an independent researcher analyzed data from the app...
January 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137247/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-dietary-improvement-for-adults-with-major-depression-the-smiles-trial
#20
Felice N Jacka, Adrienne O'Neil, Rachelle Opie, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Sue Cotton, Mohammedreza Mohebbi, David Castle, Sarah Dash, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Mary Lou Chatterton, Laima Brazionis, Olivia M Dean, Allison M Hodge, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: The possible therapeutic impact of dietary changes on existing mental illness is largely unknown. Using a randomised controlled trial design, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of a dietary improvement program for the treatment of major depressive episodes. METHODS: 'SMILES' was a 12-week, parallel-group, single blind, randomised controlled trial of an adjunctive dietary intervention in the treatment of moderate to severe depression. The intervention consisted of seven individual nutritional consulting sessions delivered by a clinical dietician...
January 30, 2017: BMC Medicine
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