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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210448/assessing-the-need-for-a-protocol-in-monitoring-weight-loss-and-nutritional-status-in-orthognathic-surgery-based-on-patients-experiences
#1
Muhammad Ruslin, Hannah Dekker, Dirk B Tuinzing, Tymour Forouzanfar
BACKGROUND: To investigate retrospectively the orthognathic surgery (OGS) patients experience in weight loss and the influence of gender, age, duration of the surgical procedure, length of hospital stay, location of surgery and use of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) or without IMF on postoperative weight loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 4487 patients treated by OGS where all patients visited the outpatient clinic one, three and six weeks after the surgical procedure...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209636/a-randomized-crossover-trial-of-dietary-sodium-restriction-in-stage-3-4-ckd
#2
Rajiv Saran, Robin L Padilla, Brenda W Gillespie, Michael Heung, Scott L Hummel, Vimal Kumar Derebail, Bertram Pitt, Nathan W Levin, Fansan Zhu, Samer R Abbas, Li Liu, Peter Kotanko, Philip Klemmer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often volume expanded and hypertensive. Few controlled studies have assessed the effects of a sodium-restricted diet (SRD) in CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a randomized crossover trial to evaluate the effect of SRD (target <2 g sodium per day) versus usual diet on hydration status (by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy) and blood pressure (BP) between May of 2009 and May of 2013...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185122/multidisciplinary-approach-in-the-treatment-of-resistant-hypertension
#3
REVIEW
S A Potthoff, O Vonend
With its high prevalence and the eminent number of undetected or poorly controlled patients, the management of arterial hypertension is still a challenging task. Uncontrolled blood pressure is the major adjustable risk factor for cardiovascular end organ damage for coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and renal disease. Patients with resistant hypertension often need a multidisciplinary approach in order to control their blood pressure sustainably. In cooperation with hypertension specialists, the underlying cause for therapy resistance should be evaluated...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#4
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
: 155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155319/knowledge-attitudes-and-management-skills-of-medical-practitioners-regarding-weight-management
#5
Vangile B Mkhatshwa, Gboyega A Ogunbanjo, Langalibalele H Mabuza
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have become a global problem. Health professionals are poorly prepared in weight management, which has an effect on their attitudes and management skills with regard to overweight and obese patients.Aim and setting: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and management skills of medical practitioners regarding weight management at Odi District Hospital, Gauteng Province, South Africa. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 48 medical practitioners at Odi Hospital between 01 October and 31 October 2013...
November 29, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152219/effect-of-prophylactic-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-on-swallowing-in-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Lars Axelsson, Ewa Silander, Jan Nyman, Mogens Bove, Leif Johansson, Eva Hammerlid
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common in head and neck cancer. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is used to facilitate nutrition; however, some retrospective studies have indicated that the PEG tube causes dysphagia. METHODS: A randomized study of patients with head and neck cancer was conducted with up to 10 years of follow-up. Patients were randomized to either the prophylactic PEG tube group (study group) or the common clinical nutritional support group (control group)...
February 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145084/an-exploratory-study-into-the-unmet-supportive-needs-of-people-diagnosed-with-cirrhosis-in-queensland-australia
#7
Patricia C Valery, Paul J Clark, Steven M McPhail, Tony Rahman, Kelly Hayward, Jennifer Martin, Leigh Horsfall, Michael L Volk, Richard Skoien, E Powell
BACKGROUND: Many patients with cirrhosis follow complex medication and dietary regimens and those with decompensated cirrhosis suffer debilitating complications. These factors impact on activities of daily living and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To explore the concerns and challenges of people with cirrhosis and their use of support services. Also, to describe health professionals' (HP) perspectives of patients' concerns. METHODS: Cross-sectional study at a tertiary liver clinic involving 50 patients and 54 HPs...
February 1, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138414/feasibility-of-use-of-a-mobile-application-for-nutrition-assessment-pertinent-to-age-related-macular-degeneration-manager2
#8
Zaria Christine Ali, Richard Silvioli, Azita Rajai, Tariq Mehmood Aslam
PURPOSE: This is a feasibility study assessing use of a mobile phone application (app.) to measure nutrient intake relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Inclusion criteria were age over 40 and ownership of a smartphone. Participants included healthy volunteers and those with ophthalmic conditions. They were asked to record daily food intake for a minimum of 3 days in a paper food diary and the app. A dietician analyzed the food diaries, and an independent researcher analyzed data from the app...
January 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137247/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-dietary-improvement-for-adults-with-major-depression-the-smiles-trial
#9
Felice N Jacka, Adrienne O'Neil, Rachelle Opie, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Sue Cotton, Mohammedreza Mohebbi, David Castle, Sarah Dash, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Mary Lou Chatterton, Laima Brazionis, Olivia M Dean, Allison M Hodge, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: The possible therapeutic impact of dietary changes on existing mental illness is largely unknown. Using a randomised controlled trial design, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of a dietary improvement program for the treatment of major depressive episodes. METHODS: 'SMILES' was a 12-week, parallel-group, single blind, randomised controlled trial of an adjunctive dietary intervention in the treatment of moderate to severe depression. The intervention consisted of seven individual nutritional consulting sessions delivered by a clinical dietician...
January 30, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114891/diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-mediterranean-african-country
#10
Khawla Kammoun, Hanen Chaker, Hichem Mahfoudh, Nouha Makhlouf, Faical Jarraya, Jamil Hachicha
BACKGROUND: Mediterranean diet is characterized by low to moderate consumption of animal protein and high consumption of fruits, vegetables, bread, beans, nuts, seeds and other cereals. It has been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. However, it is not suitable for chronic kidney disease because of high potassium intake. DISCUSSION: Tunisia is an emerging Mediterranean country with limited resources, a high prevalence of chronic hemodialysis treatment and high dialysis expenditures...
January 23, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112059/feeding-difficulties-in-neonates-following-cardiac-surgery-determinants-of-prolonged-feeding-tube-use
#11
Elissa B McKean, Nadine A Kasparian, Shweta Batra, Gary F Sholler, David S Winlaw, Jacqueline Dalby-Payne
: Aim The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence and potential correlates of feeding difficulties in infants who underwent cardiac surgery in the neonatal period and to investigate resource utilisation by infants with feeding difficulties. METHODS: All neonates who underwent their first cardiac surgery at the Heart Centre for Children, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, between January and December, 2009 were included. Demographic, preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were collected via electronic medical records...
January 23, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100190/translation-of-a-tailored-nutrition-and-resistance-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-to-a-real-life-setting-adaptation-process-and-pilot-study
#12
Ellen Ji van Dongen, Joanne N Leerlooijer, Jan M Steijns, Michael Tieland, Lisette Cpgm de Groot, Annemien Haveman-Nies
BACKGROUND: Combining increased dietary protein intake and resistance exercise training for elderly people is a promising strategy to prevent or counteract the loss of muscle mass and decrease the risk of disabilities. Using findings from controlled interventions in a real-life setting requires adaptations to the intervention and working procedures of healthcare professionals (HCPs). The aim of this study is to adapt an efficacious intervention for elderly people to a real-life setting (phase one) and test the feasibility and potential impact of this prototype intervention in practice in a pilot study (phase two)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090233/hispanic-patient-perspectives-of-the-physician-s-role-in-obesity-management
#13
Colton Ragsdale, Justin Wright, Gurjeet Shokar, Rebekah Salaiz, Navkiran K Shokar
BACKGROUND: Little is known concerning Hispanic patients' perceptions about the role of the physician in obesity management. This study seeks to describe the perspectives of Hispanic patients toward weight loss, and what they believe their doctor's role should be in the management of obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study utilizing semi-structured interviews was conducted in a university-based family medicine clinic. Open-ended questions explored beliefs about the relationship between weight and health, previous weight loss experience, perceptions about the role of the physician in weight loss, past experiences with their physician, and preferences for how a physician could help facilitate weight loss...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089437/systems-innovation-model-an-integrated-interdisciplinary-team-approach-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-at-a-veterans-affairs-va-medical-center
#14
Dan Eisenberg, Jessica A Lohnberg, Eric P Kubat, Cheryl C Bates, Lauren M Greenberg, Susan M Frayne
BACKGROUND: Provision of bariatric surgery in the Veterans Health Administration must account for obese veterans' co-morbidity burden and the geographically dispersed location of patients relative to Veterans Affairs (VA) bariatric centers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a collaborative, integrated, interdisciplinary bariatric team of surgeons, bariatricians, psychologists, dieticians, and physical therapists working in a hub-and-spokes care model, for pre- and post-bariatric surgery assessment and management...
November 15, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002076/what-do-participants-of-the-crohn-s-and-colitis-uk-ccuk-annual-york-walk-think-of-their-inflammatory-bowel-disease-care-a-short-report-on-a-survey
#15
Antonina Mikocka-Walus, Madeleine Power, Lisa Rook, Gerry Robins
There has been a growing interest in a patient-centered model of care in inflammatory bowel disease; however, no relevant study using a mixed methodology has been conducted to date. Thus, our multidisciplinary group aimed to explore the issue of patient involvement in care among the inflammatory bowel disease community. A mixed-methods anonymous survey was conducted during the Crohn's and Colitis UK annual event. Summary statistics were used to describe the sample, and a simple thematic analysis identified key themes in qualitative responses...
December 19, 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999853/nutritional-follow-up-after-discharge-prevents-readmission-to-hospital-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
J Lindegaard Pedersen, P U Pedersen, E M Damsgaard
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of two individualized nutritional follow-up intervention strategies (home visit or telephone consultation) with no follow-up, with regard to acute readmissions to hospital at two points in time, 30 and 90 days after discharge from hospital. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with two intervention groups and one control group, and monitoring on readmission at 30 and 90 days after discharge. SETTING: Intervention in the participants' homes after discharge from hospital...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978972/-dietary-management-of-obese-patients
#17
Karine Lambert
As part of the complex management of obese patients, dieticians carry out a detailed analysis of their dietary behaviour. Taking into account various elements relating or not to the condition, they identify areas to work on, in particular through individual or collective therapeutic education.
December 2016: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964962/improving-community-ambulation-after-hip-fracture-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
D Orwig, K K Mangione, M Baumgarten, M Terrin, R Fortinsky, A M Kenny, A L Gruber-Baldini, B Beamer, Ana Tosteson, M Shardell, L Magder, E Binder, K Koval, B Resnick, R L Craik, J Magaziner
INTRODUCTION: After a hip fracture in older persons, significant disability often remains; dependency in functional activities commonly persists beyond 3 months after surgery. Endurance, dynamic balance, quadriceps strength, and function are compromised, and contribute to an inability to walk independently in the community. In the United States, people aged 65 years and older are eligible to receive Medicare funding for physiotherapy for a limited time after a hip fracture. A goal of outpatient physiotherapy is independent and safe household ambulation 2 to 3 months after surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957270/-dentists-and-dietitians-recommendations-of-snacks-and-dental-caries-experience-among-kindergarteners
#19
Masahiro Heima, Tanya Ranginwala, Sorin Teich
BACKGROUND: Parents receive diet recommendations for their children from dentists and dietitians, but a conflict of diet suggestions has been reported. This research was conducted to investigate dental caries experiences in children consuming snacks that were recommended by dentists and/or dietitians. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 442 kindergarteners under went dental examinations, and their caregivers filled out questionnaires. Snacks were sorted by name. Three dentists and three dietitians determined whether they would recommend these snacks...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943093/relevance-of-self-reported-behavioral-changes-before-bariatric-surgery-to-predict-success-after-surgery
#20
Séverine Ledoux, Ouidad Sami, Marie-Christine Breuil, Marie Delapierre, Daniela Calabrese, Simon Msika, Muriel Coupaye
BACKGROUND: International guidelines emphasize the need for multidisciplinary preparation to improve the safety and effectiveness of bariatric surgery (BS), but whether the patient is ready for surgery is difficult to assess. The objective of this study was to explore whether inquiries on dietary habits and physical activity before surgery are predictive of postoperative weight loss. METHODS: We prospectively assessed in 78 candidates for BS (age, 43 ± 12 years; M/F, 15/63; weight, 122 ± 17 kg; IMC, 44 ± 5 kg/m(2)) anthropometric parameters, food intake, and physical activity (Baecke questionnaire) at the beginning and the end of a systematized preoperative preparation (7 ± 2 months) including consultations (mean number 7 ± 2) with a nutritionist, dietician, psychologist, and sports coach...
December 9, 2016: Obesity Surgery
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