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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078619/multiportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-and-minimally-invasive-open-chest-surgery-selection-criteria
#1
REVIEW
William Guido Guerrero, Diego González-Rivas
Thoracic surgery started the path to minimally invasive surgery over a hundred years ago, with the first thoracoscopic procedure performed by Jacobeus in 1910. Interestingly, these first procedures were performed using a single port approach and were used for diagnostic and minor procedures only. For a long period of time, the progress for minimally invasive thoracic surgery was considerably slow until the early 90s, when video assisted thoracic surgery started to be used for major pulmonary resections. Since then, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) had a widespread use around the world and an ongoing search for a less invasive procedures evolved into uniportal VATS...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054290/addictive-behaviors-why-and-how-impaired-mental-time-matters
#2
Xavier Noël, Nematollah Jaafari, Antoine Bechara
Mental time travel (MTT) allows navigation into the past, the future, and the minds of others, and it subserves future-oriented decision-making. Impaired MTT has been associated with a tendency to over-rely on the present, which is a characteristic of addictive behaviors. We here discuss the possible relationship between impaired autographical memory, future-oriented MTT, shortened time horizons, suboptimal social cognition, and poor decision-making in individuals with drug and gambling use disorders. We elaborate on how impaired MTT could compromise the process of change in addiction recovery and the effectiveness of psychotherapy...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922001/reasons-probably-won-t-change-your-mind-the-role-of-reasons-in-revising-moral-decisions
#3
Matthew L Stanley, Ashley M Dougherty, Brenda W Yang, Paul Henne, Felipe De Brigard
Although many philosophers argue that making and revising moral decisions ought to be a matter of deliberating over reasons, the extent to which the consideration of reasons informs people's moral decisions and prompts them to change their decisions remains unclear. Here, after making an initial decision in 2-option moral dilemmas, participants examined reasons for only the option initially chosen (affirming reasons), reasons for only the option not initially chosen (opposing reasons), or reasons for both options...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805399/mind-matters-a-meta-analysis-on-parental-mentalization-and-sensitivity-as-predictors-of-infant-parent-attachment
#4
Moniek A J Zeegers, Cristina Colonnesi, Geert-Jan J M Stams, Elizabeth Meins
Major developments in attachment research over the past 2 decades have introduced parental mentalization as a predictor of infant-parent attachment security. Parental mentalization is the degree to which parents show frequent, coherent, or appropriate appreciation of their infants' internal states. The present study examined the triangular relations between parental mentalization, parental sensitivity, and attachment security. A total of 20 effect sizes (N = 974) on the relation between parental mentalization and attachment, 82 effect sizes (N = 6,664) on the relation between sensitivity and attachment, and 24 effect sizes (N = 2,029) on the relation between mentalization and sensitivity were subjected to multilevel meta-analyses...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750288/combining-stable-isotopes-with-contamination-indicators-a-method-for-improved-investigation-of-nitrate-sources-and-dynamics-in-aquifers-with-mixed-nitrogen-inputs
#5
E P Minet, R Goodhue, W Meier-Augenstein, R M Kalin, O Fenton, K G Richards, C E Coxon
Excessive nitrate (NO3(-)) concentration in groundwater raises health and environmental issues that must be addressed by all European Union (EU) member states under the Nitrates Directive and the Water Framework Directive. The identification of NO3(-) sources is critical to efficiently control or reverse NO3(-) contamination that affects many aquifers. In that respect, the use of stable isotope ratios (15)N/(14)N and (18)O/(16)O in NO3(-) (expressed as δ(15)N-NO3(-) and δ(18)O-NO3(-), respectively) has long shown its value...
November 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720203/the-personal-and-professional-face-of-the-basque-urologist-jos%C3%A3-juli%C3%A3-n-guim%C3%A3-n-rezola-1898-1980
#6
J C Angulo
OBJECTIVE: To understand certain outstanding aspects of the life of the Basque surgeon and urologist Julián Guimón Rezola. His personal and bibliographic documentary legacy helps reconstruct his works and personal character. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed the written works of Julián Guimón Rezola and a collection of documents, letters, photographs, illustrations and objects from his personal and professional life, accessed through his family. We analysed the content of the author's main publications and related the documents to historic facts...
July 15, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507892/a-case-of-massive-hemoptysis-following-transesophageal-echocardiogram
#7
Sean J Callahan, Robert M Jones, Dana Albon, Andrew D Mihalek
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation leading to injury of the airway is a rare complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Tracheal trauma is not a described complication of TEE, and safety literature for this procedure remains silent on the matter. We describe the case of a patient on systemic anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy who underwent TEE and suffered massive hemoptysis requiring bronchial artery embolization (BAE). CASE PRESENTATION: An elderly patient was admitted to the hospital with recently diagnosed atrial fibrillation and shortness of breath...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#8
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000267/reliability-of-periodontal-diagnostic-tools-for-monitoring-peri-implant-health-and-disease
#9
REVIEW
Pierluigi Coli, Véronique Christiaens, Lars Sennerby, Hugo De Bruyn
The prevalence, causes and consequences of crestal bone loss at dental implants are a matter of debate. In recent years, a high prevalence of peri-implant soft-tissue inflammation, associated with peri-implant bone loss, has been reported and the need for treatments similar to those offered for natural teeth affected by periodontitis has been proposed. This suggestion is based on the assumption that periodontal indices, such as probing pocket depth and bleeding on probing, are reliable indicators of the peri-implant tissue conditions and good predictors of future bone loss...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983555/the-effects-of-meditation-on-grey-matter-atrophy-and-neurodegeneration-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#10
Nicole Last, Emily Tufts, Leslie E Auger
The present systematic review is based on the premise that a variety of neurodegenerative diseases are accompanied by grey matter atrophy in the brain and meditation may impact this. Given that age is a major risk factor for many of these progressive and neurodegenerative diseases and that the percentage of the population over the age of 65 is quickly increasing, there is an obvious need for prompt treatment and prevention advances in research. As there is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases, many are seeking non-pharmacological treatment options in attempts to offset the disease-related cognitive and functional declines...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917121/neurochemical-and-neuroanatomical-plasticity-following-memory-training-and-yoga-interventions-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#11
Hongyu Yang, Amber M Leaver, Prabha Siddarth, Pattharee Paholpak, Linda Ercoli, Natalie M St Cyr, Harris A Eyre, Katherine L Narr, Dharma S Khalsa, Helen Lavretsky
Behavioral interventions are becoming increasingly popular approaches to ameliorate age-related cognitive decline, but their underlying neurobiological mechanisms and clinical efficiency have not been fully elucidated. The present study explored brain plasticity associated with two behavioral interventions, memory enhancement training (MET) and a mind-body practice (yogic meditation), in healthy seniors with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) using structural magnetic resonance imaging (s-MRI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS)...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911321/the-effects-of-meditation-on-grey-matter-atrophy-and-neurodegeneration-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#12
Nicole Last, Emily Tufts, Leslie E Auger
The present systematic review is based on the premise that a variety of neurodegenerative diseases are accompanied by grey matter atrophy in the brain and meditation may impact this. Given that age is a major risk factor for many of these progressive and neurodegenerative diseases and that the percentage of the population over the age of 65 is quickly increasing, there is an obvious need for prompt treatment and prevention advances in research. As there is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases, many are seeking non-pharmacological treatment options in attempts to offset the disease-related cognitive and functional declines...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663903/mindful-creativity-matters-trajectories-of-reported-functioning-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-as-a-function-of-mindful-creativity-in-patients-relatives-a-multilevel-analysis
#13
Chiara S Haller, Colin M Bosma, Kush Kapur, Ross Zafonte, Ellen J Langer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to examine the association of mindful creativity with the trajectory of recovery (emotional, interpersonal, cognitive, and total functioning) of patients with severe TBI. METHODS: This was drawn from a subsample of an adult prospective cohort study on severe TBI in Switzerland; patients and their relatives were assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months (patients N = 176, relatives N = 176). Predictor measures were assessed using Mindful Creativity Scale-short form and time (trajectory of functioning of the patient over time)...
April 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659445/quantum-entanglement-facts-and-fiction-how-wrong-was-einstein-after-all
#14
Bengt Nordén
Einstein was wrong with his 1927 Solvay Conference claim that quantum mechanics is incomplete and incapable of describing diffraction of single particles. However, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox of entangled pairs of particles remains lurking with its 'spooky action at a distance'. In molecules quantum entanglement can be viewed as basis of both chemical bonding and excitonic states. The latter are important in many biophysical contexts and involve coupling between subsystems in which virtual excitations lead to eigenstates of the total Hamiltonian, but not for the separate subsystems...
January 2016: Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537541/mind-over-matter-the-hidden-epidemic-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-the-older-surgical-patient
#15
Helen O' Brien, Helen Mohan, Celia O' Hare, John Vincent Reynolds, Rose Anne Kenny
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to highlight the vulnerability of the aging brain to surgery and anesthesia, examine postoperative cognitive outcomes, and recommend possible interventions. BACKGROUND: Surgeons are facing increasingly difficult ethical and clinical decisions given the rapidly expanding aging demographic. Cognitive function is not routinely assessed either preoperatively or postoperatively. Potential short and long-term cognitive implications are rarely discussed with the patient despite evidence that postoperative cognitive impairment occurs in up to 65% of older patients...
April 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454124/relations-between-recent-past-leisure-activities-with-risks-of-dementia-and-cognitive-functions-after-stroke
#16
Adrian Wong, Alexander Y L Lau, Eugene Lo, Michael Tang, Zhaolu Wang, Wenyan Liu, Nicole Tanner, Natalie Chau, Lorraine Law, Lin Shi, Winnie C W Chu, Jie Yang, Yun-Yun Xiong, Bonnie Y K Lam, Lisa Au, Anne Y Y Chan, Yannie Soo, Thomas W H Leung, Lawrence K S Wong, Linda C W Lam, Vincent C T Mok
BACKGROUND: Leisure activity participation has been shown to lower risks of cognitive decline in non-stroke populations. However, effects of leisure activities participation upon cognitive functions and risk of dementia after stroke are unclear. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of recent past leisure activities participation upon cognitive functions and risk of incident dementia after stroke. METHODS: Hospital-based, retrospective cohort study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445799/the-effects-of-mindfulness-on-persons-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-longitudinal-study
#17
Wee Ping Wong, Craig Hassed, Richard Chambers, Jan Coles
INTRODUCTION: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) not only negatively impacts upon a person's life, but it is also seen as an intermediate stage on the progression to Alzheimer's Disease (AD), and therefore warrants early intervention. However, there is currently no effective pharmacological treatment approved for MCI. There is a paucity of evidence that non-pharmacological interventions such as cognitive training could result in improvements in the daily activities functioning of persons with MCI...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411331/the-ick-factor-matters-disgust-prospectively-predicts-avoidance-in-chemotherapy-patients
#18
Lisa M Reynolds, Ian P Bissett, David Porter, Nathan S Consedine
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy can be physically and psychologically demanding. Avoidance and withdrawal are common among patients coping with these demands. PURPOSE: This report compares established emotional predictors of avoidance during chemotherapy (embarrassment; distress) with an emotion (disgust) that has been unstudied in this context. METHODS: This report outlines secondary analyses of an RCT where 68 cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were randomized to mindfulness or relaxation interventions...
July 13, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303283/new-perspectives-on-spontaneous-brain-activity-dynamic-networks-and-energy-matter
#19
REVIEW
Arturo Tozzi, Marzieh Zare, April A Benasich
Spontaneous brain activity has received increasing attention as demonstrated by the exponential rise in the number of published article on this topic over the last 30 years. Such "intrinsic" brain activity, generated in the absence of an explicit task, is frequently associated with resting-state or default-mode networks (DMN)s. The focus on characterizing spontaneous brain activity promises to shed new light on questions concerning the structural and functional architecture of the brain and how they are related to "mind"...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236181/a-conceptual-overview-and-commentary-on-gender-dysphoria
#20
Fred S Berlin
Gender Dysphoria is a distressed state of mind that is of interest to psychiatrists, including forensic psychiatrists. Forensic matters can be best addressed only after one has a good appreciation of relevant psychiatric knowledge and concepts. In this commentary I review the nature of Gender Dysphoria, its relationship to cross-dressing and erotic arousal, and the question of whether it should be thought of as a psychiatric disorder. I also review the complexity of sex and gender; alternative conceptualizations of Gender Dysphoria, its etiology, its multicultural history, and its typical course over time in a given individual...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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