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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919284/mmp-8-and-timp-1-are-associated-to-periodontal-inflammation-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-under-methotrexate-immunosuppression-first-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
G Schmalz, I Davarpanah, J Jäger, R F Mausberg, B Krohn-Grimberghe, J Schmidt, R Haak, U Sack, Dirk Ziebolz
BACKGROUND: Aim of this cross-sectional study was the investigation of associations between different rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related blood parameters and periodontal condition as well as selected periodontal pathogenic bacteria in RA patients under methotrexate (MTX) immunosuppression. METHODS: Periodontal probing depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were assessed. Periodontal condition was classified into: no/mild and moderate or severe periodontitis (P)...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918774/dietary-patterns-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-uk-cohort-of-men-and-women-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Kate Northstone, Carol Joinson, Pauline Emmett
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence to suggest that individual components of dietary intake are associated with depressive symptoms. Studying the whole diet, through dietary patterns, has become popular as a way of overcoming intercorrelations between individual dietary components; however, there are conflicting results regarding associations between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms. We examined the associations between dietary patterns extracted using principal component analysis and depressive symptoms, taking account of potential temporal relationships...
September 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918249/perinatal-depression-and-dna-methylation-of-oxytocin-related-genes-a-study-of-mothers-and-their-children
#3
Leonora King, Stephanie Robins, Gang Chen, Volodymyr Yerko, Yi Zhou, Corina Nagy, Nancy Feeley, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Gustavo Turecki, Phyllis Zelkowitz
The present study investigated the association of perinatal depression (PD) with differential methylation of 3 genomic regions among mother and child dyads: exon 3 within the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene and 2 intergenic regions (IGR) between the oxytocin (OXT) and vasopressin (AVP) genes. Maternal PD was assessed at 5 time-points during pregnancy and postpartum. Four groups were established based on Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) cut-off scores: no PD, prenatal or postpartum depressive symptoms only and persistent PD (depressive symptoms both prenatally and postpartum)...
September 13, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917652/tilapia-adropin-the-localization-and-regulation-of-growth-hormone-gene-expression-in-pituitary-cells
#4
JianPeng Peng, Ping Yang, Qianli Zhang, Quan Jiang
The peptide hormone adropin, encoded by the energy homeostasis-associated (Enho) gene, plays a role in energy homeostasis and the control of vascular function. The aim of this study was to examine the role of adropin in growth hormone (GH) gene expression at the pituitary level in tilapia. As a first step, the antiserum for the tilapia adropin was produced, and its specificity was confirmed by antiserum preabsorption and immunohistochemical staining in the tilapia pituitary. Adropin could be detected immunocytochemically in the proximal pars distalis (PPD) of the tilapia pituitary...
September 13, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#5
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916453/making-the-legal-and-ethical-case-for-universal-screening-for-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#6
Amy Lewis Gilbert, Casey Balio, Nerissa S Bauer
Postpartum depression (PPD), part of a larger spectrum of perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, affects up to 15% of women following the birth of an infant. Fathers may also be affected. PPD not only affects caregivers, but also impacts infants through mechanisms such as inadequate caregiver-infant interactions and non-adherence to safety practices. The negative impact on infants may extend across the life course through adulthood. This article seeks to move the needle toward universal screening for PPD using validated tools in pediatric primary care settings for new caregivers by making the legal and ethical case for this course of action in a manner that is both compelling and accessible for clinicians...
September 12, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914596/obesity-and-periodontitis-an-experimental-study-to-evaluate-the-periodontal-and-systemic-effects-of-the-co-morbidity
#7
Leire Virto, Pilar Cano, Vanesa Jiménez-Ortega, Pilar Fernández-Mateos, Jerián González, Ana Isabel Esquifino, Mariano Sanz
BACKGROUND: Obesity and overweight have been associated with periodontitis. This study aims to evaluate the periodontal and systemic effects of this association in a validated experimental model. METHODS: 28 male Wistar rats were randomly divided in four groups: control group (Con) (fed with standard diet); high-fat diet group (HFD) (fed with a diet containing 35.2% fat); control group with induced periodontitis (Con-Perio) and HFD group with induced periodontitis (HFD-Perio)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912945/comparison-of-er-yag-laser-and-ultrasonic-scaler-in-the-treatment-of-moderate-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Reza Birang, Jaber Yaghini, Naeimeh Nasri, Nasim Noordeh, Pedram Iranmanesh, Alireza Saeidi, Narges Naghsh
Introduction: Periodontitis is an inflammatory periodontal disease that leads to tooth loss. Recently laser has been introduced as an alternative treatment for periodontitis. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of Erbium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Er:YAG) laser with ultrasonic scaler in patients with moderate chronic periodontitis. Methods: In this randomized single-blind clinical trial, 27 patients with moderate chronic periodontitis were selected. One quadrant of the patients was treated by Er:YAG laser and the other one by ultrasonic scaler...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906511/association-of-cytokine-gene-polymorphism-with-peri-implantitis-risk
#9
Aleksandra Petkovic-Curcin, Katarina Zeljic, Bojana Cikota-Aleksic, Dragana Dakovic, Zoran Tatic, Zvonko Magic
PURPOSE: To investigate whether polymorphisms of cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin (IL)6, IL10, and IL1ra genes are associated with the risk of peri-implantitis susceptibility in patients with dental implants in the Serbian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolated DNA from the blood was used for IL10-1082, TNFα-308, IL6-174, CD14-159, and interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL1ra) genotyping using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methodology...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900452/postpartum-home-care-and-its-effects-on-mothers-health-a-clinical-trial
#10
Hourieh Shamshiri Milani, Parastoo Amiri, Maryam Mohseny, Alireza Abadi, Seyyed Mohammadreza Vaziri, Marjan Vejdani
BACKGROUND: Postpartum home care plays an important role in prevention of postpartum complications. Regular visits of mothers during this period are imperative. This study aimed to provide postpartum home care for mothers to assess its effects on mothers' health in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in two phases. First, a comprehensive postpartum home care program was compiled by performing a comparative study, using the available guidelines in this regard in different countries and based on the opinions of the experts...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899771/effectiveness-of-mechanical-debridement-with-and-without-adjunct-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-periodontal-inflammation-among-patients-with-prediabetes
#11
Mansour Al-Askar, Abdulaziz A Al-Kheraif, Hameeda Bashir Ahmed, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Hans Malmstrom, Fawad Javed
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of mechanical debridement (MD) with and without adjunct antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in the treatment of periodontal inflammation among patients with prediabetes. METHODS: Demographic information was collected using a questionnaire. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were measured at baseline and at 3 and 6 months' follow-up. TREATMENT: wise, individuals were randomly divided into 2 groups as follows: (a) Group-1, participants underwent full-mouth MD; and Group-2: participants underwent full-mouth MD with adjunct aPDT...
September 9, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894531/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-training-on-reducing-the-symptoms-of-postpartum-depression
#12
Hajieh Sheydaei, Azizreza Ghasemzadeh, Amir Lashkari, Parvaneh Ghorbani Kajani
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Postpartum depression is one of the prevalent disorders among new mothers. The present research aimed to examine the effectiveness of mindfulness training on reducing the symptoms of postpartum depression. METHOD: The present quasi-experimental research was conducted on 410 new mothers in Shahid Chamran Hospital, Tehran in 2014. Using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Structured Clinical Interview and Psychological Clinical Diagnosis, 67 mothers were selected and then randomly divided into experimental and control groups, each of which with 32 applicants...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893034/the-effect-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-i-on-periodontal-and-dental-status
#13
Rokhsareh Sadeghi, Ferial Taleghani, Samira Mohammadi, Zahra Zohri
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus type I is a chronic metabolic disease with an autoimmune origin. The initial manifestations mainly appear during childhood and its prevalence is on the rise in many countries. Some of the complications of diabetes mellitus are problems related to oro-dental structures and periodontal diseases. AIM: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between diabetes mellitus type I and dental and periodontal status in Tehran, Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892237/partners-of-nulliparous-women-with-severe-fear-of-childbirth-a-longitudinal-study-of-psychological-well-being
#14
Elsa Lena Ryding, Sanna Read, Hanna Rouhe, Erja Halmesmäki, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Riikka Toivanen, Maiju Tokola, Terhi Saisto
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the psychological status of partners of women with severe fear of childbirth (FOC). In this longitudinal study from Helsinki University Central Hospital, we investigated FOC, depression, and posttraumatic stress in the partners of women with severe FOC, and possible effects of group psychoeducation and mode of birth. METHODS: During pregnancy, 250 partners of nulliparous women with severe FOC participated, 93 in the intervention group and 157 in the control group...
September 11, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890100/-postnatal-depression-and-relationship-with-the-cultural-world-in-tunisia
#15
Khouloud Ben Mohamed Gherbi, Marie Rose Moro, Riadh Ben Rejeb
Culture and the human spirit gain structure through their interactions with the cultural system. Indeed, individuals come from a culture which is unique to them and leaves its mark on them. In Tunisian concept, the young mother suffering from postnatal depression is considered to be possessed by the djinn spirit Kattous in-nfâs and treated using traditional rituals. It is important to take into account these aspects in the clinical psychopathology.
September 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889150/screening-for-skin-sensitizing-allergens-among-patients-with-clinically-suspected-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#16
Zahid Shakoor, Ahlam S Al-Mutairi, Afnan M Al-Shenaifi, Areej M Al-Abdulsalam, Bashayer Z Al-Shirah, Shahad A Al-Harbi
To detect common skin-sensitizing agents among patients experiencing allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Methods: This was a retrospective study of 152 patients with clinically suspected ACD who underwent patch testing in an allergy clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January 2012 and February 2015. Of these patients, only 74 (48%) patients reacted to one or more contact allergens. This group of patients included 58 (78.4%) women and 16 (21.6%) men (mean age: 37...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889022/injection-of-oxytocin-into-paraventricular-nucleus-reverses-depressive-like-behaviors-in-the-postpartum-depression-rat-model
#17
Tong Wang, Cuige Shi, Xiaoxiao Li, Pan Zhang, Bo Liu, Hao Wang, Yongjun Wang, Yutao Yang, Yan Wu, Hui Li, Zhi-Qing David Xu
Oxytocin (OXT) has been considered as a neuroregulator mediating social behaviors and stress-related disorders. Recent clinical studies suggest that OXT might also act as antidepressant in postpartum depression (PPD) patients, but the mechanism is still unknown. In the present study, we explored the effect of OXT in paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and possible signaling pathway involved in a PPD rat model induced by gestation restraint stress (GRS). PPD rats exhibited depressive-like behaviors with significantly longer immobility time, shorter climbing time, and lower sucrose consumption compared to the control rats...
September 6, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882876/post-up-study-postpartum-depression-screening-in-well-child-care-and-maternal-outcomes
#18
Angarath I van der Zee-van den Berg, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Catharina G M Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Maarten J IJzerman, Riet M E Haasnoot-Smallegange, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum depression often remains unaddressed. Screening in well-child care (WCC) may improve early detection, promote maternal recovery, and reduce effects on child development. We assessed the effectiveness of screening for postpartum depression in WCC compared with care as usual (CAU) on outcomes at mother and child levels. METHODS: In a prospective, quasiexperimental, comparative design, mothers visiting Dutch WCC centers were exposed either to screening at 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum (n = 1843) or to CAU (n = 1246)...
September 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882474/postpartum-inhibition-of-ovarian-steroid-action-increases-aspects-of-maternal-caregiving-and-reduces-medial-preoptic-area-progesterone-receptor-expression-in-female-rats
#19
Z A Grieb, S M Tierney, J S Lonstein
The rapid peripartum onset of maternal caregiving involves progesterone synergizing with estradiol, but prolonging progesterone exposure past this time can prevent the emergence of mothering. Interestingly, there is a 7-10day-long rise in progesterone during mid-lactation, but its effects on mothering are unknown. Given progesterone's potential to inhibit mothering onset, this mid-lactational rise may contribute to the normal attenuation of caregiving behaviors across lactation. To evaluate this, recently-parturient rats were ovariectomized and caregiving observed from postpartum days (PPD) 7-18...
September 16, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882072/women-s-experiences-of-exercise-as-a-treatment-for-their-postnatal-depression-a-nested-qualitative-study
#20
Ruth Pritchett, Kate Jolly, Amanda J Daley, Katrina Turner, Caroline Bradbury-Jones
Women with postnatal depression are often reluctant to take medication postnatally and access to psychological therapies is limited. Exercise offers a freely available treatment option but depressed mothers' experience of exercise has not been investigated. We conducted a qualitative study nested within a randomised trial of an exercise intervention for women with postnatal depression. Women described deterioration in their sense of identity postnatally and through experiencing depression and described the positive impact exercise had on their sense of self...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
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