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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168023/oxytocin-and-parenting-behavior-among-impoverished-mothers-with-low-vs-high-early-life-stress
#1
Megan M Julian, Katherine L Rosenblum, Jenalee R Doom, Christy Y Y Leung, Julie C Lumeng, Michelle Gómez Cruz, Delia M Vazquez, Alison L Miller
Recent work suggests that key aspects of sensitive parenting (e.g., warmth, emotional attunement) may be shaped in part by biology, specifically the neuropeptide oxytocin. However, some studies have found that oxytocin may not act in expected ways in higher-risk populations (e.g., those with postnatal depression or borderline personality disorder). This study examined the relation between oxytocin and parenting among mothers with varying levels of early life stress. Forty low-income mothers and their 34- to 48-month-old child participated in this study...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166972/long-term-sex-differential-effects-of-neonatal-vitamin-a-supplementation-on-in-vitro-cytokine-responses
#2
Kristoffer J Jensen, Mia J Søndergaard, Andreas Andersen, Cesario Martins, Christian Erikstrup, Peter Aaby, Katie L Flanagan, Christine Stabell Benn
High-dose vitamin A supplementation (VAS) may affect mortality to infectious diseases in a sex-differential manner. Here, we analysed the long-term immunological effects of neonatal vitamin A supplementation (NVAS) in 247 children, who had been randomly allocated to 50 000 or 25 000 IU vitamin A (15mg and 7·5mg retinol equivalents, respectively) or placebo at birth. At 4-6 months of age, we assessed bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) scarification, and we analysed in vitro responses of TNF-α, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13 and IFN-γ in whole blood stimulations to phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), purified protein derivative (PPD), tetanus toxoid and lipopolysaccharide...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162087/investigation-of-the-association-between-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-during-postpartum-period-a-correlational-study
#3
Maria Papamarkou, Pavlos Sarafis, Charis P Kaite, Maria Malliarou, Andreas Tsounis, Dimitris Niakas
BACKGROUND: The onset of a major depressive episode is experienced by a large number of women in the weeks or months following delivery. Postpartum depression may deem those women experiencing it incapable of taking care for themselves, their family and their infants, while at the same time it could negatively affect their quality of life. The present study assessed the quality of life of a sample of mothers in Greece, in order to investigate the association between postpartum depression and quality of life (QoL)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157808/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-saffron-stigma-crocus-sativus-l-in-mothers-suffering-from-mild-to-moderate-postpartum-depression
#4
Jamshid Tabeshpour, Farzaneh Sobhani, Seyed Alireza Sadjadi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Ahmad Mohajeri, Omid Rajabi, Zhila Taherzadeh, Saeid Eslami
INTRODUCTION: Numerous adverse effects of antidepressants as well as the attitudes of breastfeeding mothers, who prefer to consume herbal medicine rather than chemical drugs, encouraged us to assess the effects of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) on mothers suffering from mild-to-moderate postpartum depressive disorder. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 60 new mothers who had a maximum score of 29 on the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II)...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156983/depressive-symptoms-and-parental-stress-in-mothers-and-fathers-25-months-after-birth
#5
Maude Johansson, Idor Svensson, Ulf Stenström, Pamela Massoudi
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms, feelings of incompetence and spouse relationship problems and their mutual relations. Data from a Swedish parent-infant population-based cohort 25 months after childbirth was used. A questionnaire containing Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and a modified Swedish Parental Stress Questionnaire (SPSQ) regarding depression and parental stress was answered by 646 fathers and 700 mothers. Parents with depressive symptoms experienced more feelings of incompetence and spouse relationship problems than parents without depressive symptoms...
March 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148235/assessment-of-interleukin-1%C3%AE-interleukin-6-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-levels-in-the-peri-implant-sulcular-fluid-among-waterpipe-narghile-smokers-and-never-smokers-with-peri-implantitis
#6
Tariq Abduljabbar, Zohaib Akram, Fahim Vohra, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α are significantly higher in the peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) of waterpipe-smokers (WS) compared with never-smokers with peri-implantitis. PURPOSE: The aim of the present convenience sample case-control study was to compare the levels of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the PISF of WS and never-smokers with peri-implantitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data was collected using a questionnaire...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147043/postpartum-depression-in-india-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Ranadip Chowdhury, Aslyeh Salehi, Kaushik Sarkar, Sunil Kumar Singh, Bireshwar Sinha, Aditya Pawar, Aarya Krishnan Rajalakshmi, Amardeep Kumar
Objective: To provide an estimate of the burden of postpartum depression in Indian mothers and investigate some risk factors for the condition. Methods: We searched PubMed®, Google Scholar and Embase® databases for articles published from year 2000 up to 31 March 2016 on the prevalence of postpartum depression in Indian mothers. The search used subject headings and keywords with no language restrictions. Quality was assessed via the Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale...
October 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146408/paroxetine-blunts-the-corticosterone-response-to-swim-induced-stress-and-increases-depressive-like-behavior-in-a-rat-model-of-postpartum-depression
#8
Agnete Overgaard, Stephanie E Lieblich, Robin Richardson, Liisa A M Galea, Vibe G Frokjaer
Perinatal depression (PND) affects 15% of women. During the perinatal period both stress- and gonadal hormones fluctuate widely. Putatively, these fluctuations are involved in PND disease mechanisms. The serotonin system is sensitive to such hormone fluctuations, and serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used to treat PND, although treatment is suboptimal and it is not known at which peripartum time-point SSRI treatment may be most efficacious. In this study, we investigate the effect of the SSRI paroxetine (5mg/kgs...
October 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145844/development-and-evaluation-of-an-interferon-gamma-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-red-deer-experimentally-infected-with-mycobacterium-bovis
#9
María Ángeles Risalde, Jobin Thomas, Iker Sevilla, Miriam Serrano, Jose Antonio Ortíz, Joseba Garrido, Mercedes Domínguez, Lucas Domínguez, Christian Gortázar, Jose Francisco Ruíz-Fons
BACKGROUND: Red deer (Cervus elaphus) is regarded as an epidemiologically relevant host for Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) and closely related members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex that cause animal tuberculosis (TB). The standard antemortem screening test for the detection of TB in deer is the intradermal tuberculin skin test, but the detection of interferon-gamma (IFNγ) produced by white blood cells exposed to M. bovis antigens can be used as an alternative or supplemental assay in most TB eradication/control programs...
November 16, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144190/factors-associated-with-paternal-perinatal-depression-in-fathers-of-newborns-in-nigeria
#10
Olatunde Ayinde, Victor O Lasebikan
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information on paternal postnatal depression in developing countries such as Nigeria. METHODS: This study aims to assess the prevalence of depression in fathers at the birth of their infants and the incidence of paternal postnatal depression at 6 weeks postpartum. We also examined the correlation between paternal postpartum depression (PPD) at 6 weeks and maternal PPD as well as the sociodemographic and other correlates of paternal PPD at 6 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143607/features-of-ppd-b1-expression-regulation-and-their-impact-on-the-flowering-time-of-wheat-near-isogenic-lines
#11
Antonina A Kiseleva, Elena K Potokina, Elena A Salina
BACKGROUND: Photoperiod insensitive Ppd-1a alleles determine early flowering of wheat. Increased expression of homoeologous Ppd-D1a and Ppd-A1a result from deletions in the promoter region, and elevated expression of Ppd-B1a is determined by an increased copy number. RESULTS: In this study, using bread wheat cultivars Sonora and PSL2, which contrast in flowering time, and near-isogenic lines resulting from their cross, "Ppd-m" and "Ppd-w" with Ppd-B1a introgressed from Sonora, we investigated the putative factors that influence Ppd-B1a expression...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142508/proteomic-characterisation-of-bovine-and-avian-purified-protein-derivatives-and-identification-of-specific-antigens-for-serodiagnosis-of-bovine-tuberculosis
#12
José Antonio Infantes-Lorenzo, Inmaculada Moreno, María de Los Ángeles Risalde, Álvaro Roy, Margarita Villar, Beatriz Romero, Nieves Ibarrola, José de la Fuente, Eugenia Puentes, Lucía de Juan, Christian Gortázar, Javier Bezos, Lucas Domínguez, Mercedes Domínguez
Background: Bovine purified protein derivative (bPPD) and avian purified protein derivative (aPPD) are widely used for bovine tuberculosis diagnosis. However, little is known about their qualitative and quantitative characteristics, which makes their standardisation difficult. In addition, bPPD can give false-positive tuberculosis results because of sequence homology between Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) and M. avium proteins. Thus, the objective of this study was to carry out a proteomic characterisation of bPPD, aPPD and an immunopurified subcomplex from bPPD called P22 in order to identify proteins contributing to cross-reactivity among these three products in tuberculosis diagnosis...
2017: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138950/improvement-of-amperometric-transducer-selectivity-using-nanosized-phenylenediamine-films
#13
O V Soldatkina, I S Kucherenko, V M Pyeshkova, S A Alekseev, O O Soldatkin, S V Dzyadevych
In this work, we studied the conditions of deposition of a semipermeable polyphenylenediamine (PPD)-based membrane on amperometric disk platinum electrodes. Restricting an access of interfering substances to the electrode surface, the membrane prevents their impact on the sensor operation. Two methods of membrane deposition by electropolymerization were compared-at varying potential (cyclic voltammetry) and at constant potential. The cyclic voltammetry was shown to be easier in performing and providing better properties of the membrane...
November 14, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138195/current-status-of-postnatal-depression-smartphone-applications-available-on-application-stores-an-information-quality-analysis
#14
Melvyn Wb Zhang, Roger Cm Ho, Alvona Loh, Tracey Wing, Olivia Wynne, Sally Wai Chi Chan, Josip Car, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung
OBJECTIVES: It is the aim of the current research to identify some common functionalities of postnatal application, and to determine the quality of the information content of postnatal depression application using validated scales that have been applied for applications in other specialties. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: To determine the information quality of the postnatal depression smartphone applications, the two most widely used smartphone application stores, namely Apple iTunes as well as Google Android Play store, were searched between 20May and 31 May...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136050/granulomatous-pigmented-purpuric-dermatosis
#15
Adam Allan, David A Altman, Wei Su
Granulomatous pigmented purpuric dermatosis (GPPD) is a rare histologic variant of pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPD). It includes classic histology changes of PPD with superimposed granulomas. This variant is thought to be associated with hyperlipidemia and is found predominantly in individuals in the Far East; however, a review of the literature that included 26 documented cases of GPPD revealed these associations might be becoming less clear. We report a case of GPPD in an elderly white man who had an eruption involving the majority of the lower legs...
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133493/an-autoethnographic-examination-of-postpartum-depression
#16
Tara Lynn Frankhouser, Nicole L Defenbaugh
PURPOSE: This article examines postpartum depression (PPD) using autoethnography to explore the stigmatization of depression and cultural expectations of motherhood. Because the personal experiences of living with PPD are often absent from primary care literature, this article uses first-person narrative and analysis of intensive mothering to explore the barriers to seeking PPD treatment, the need for increasing physician confidence and comfort using screening tools, and the impact PPD stigma has on patients and their health care...
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133030/20-s-protopanaxadiol-ppd-alleviates-scopolamine-induced-memory-impairment-via-regulation-of-cholinergic-and-antioxidant-systems-and-expression-of-egr-1-c-fos-and-c-jun-in-mice
#17
Cong Lu, Liming Dong, Jingwei Lv, Yan Wang, Bei Fan, Fengzhong Wang, Xinmin Liu
20(S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD) possesses various biological properties, including anti-inflammatory, antitumor and anti-fatigue properties. Recent studies found that PPD functioned as a neurotrophic agent to ameliorate the sensory deficit caused by glutamate-induced excitotoxicity through its antioxidant effects and exhibited strong antidepressant-like effects in vivo. The objective of the present study was first to investigate the effect of PPD in scopolamine (SCOP)-induced memory deficit in mice and the potential mechanisms involved...
November 10, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132824/power-partial-discard-strategy-to-obtain-improved-performance-for-simulated-moving-bed-chromatography
#18
Ji-Woo Chung, Kyung-Min Kim, Tae-Ung Yoon, Seung-Ik Kim, Tae-Sung Jung, Sang-Sup Han, Youn-Sang Bae
A novel power partial-discard (PPD) strategy was developed as a variant of the partial-discard (PD) operation to further improve the separation performance of the simulated moving bed (SMB) process. The PPD operation varied the flow rates of discard streams by introducing a new variable, the discard amount (DA) as well as varying the reported variable, discard length (DL), while the conventional PD used fixed discard flow rates. The PPD operations showed significantly improved purities in spite of losses in recoveries...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129719/non-protein-amino-acid-derivatives-of-25-methoxylprotopanaxadiol-25-hydroxyprotopanaxadioland-their-anti-tumour-activity-evaluation
#19
Weihui Yuan, Junhui Guo, Xude Wang, Guangyue Su, Yuqing Zhao
As active components of ginseng, 25-methoxylprotopanaxadiol and 25-hydroxyprotopanaxadiol exhibited an ability to inhibit the growth and proliferation or to induce the differentiation and apoptosis of tumour cells. We modified 25-OCH3-PPD and 25-OH-PPD with non-protein amino acids and a series of derivatives was obtained by chromatographic separation, purification and spectroscopy analysis. Thirteen derivatives of 25-OCH3-PPD (compounds 1-13) and 12 derivatives of 25-OH-PPD (compounds 14-25) were synthesised...
November 9, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129039/combined-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#20
REVIEW
Emily Shepherd, Judith C Gomersall, Joanna Tieu, Shanshan Han, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a wide range of adverse health consequences for women and their infants in the short and long term. With an increasing prevalence of GDM worldwide, there is an urgent need to assess strategies for GDM prevention, such as combined diet and exercise interventions. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet interventions in combination with exercise interventions for pregnant women for preventing GDM, and associated adverse health consequences for the mother and her infant/child...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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