keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ppd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721461/influence-of-adjuvant-detached-mindfulness-and-stress-management-training-compared-to-pharmacologic-treatment-in-primiparae-with-postpartum-depression
#1
Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Marzieh Nazaribadie, Elham Aghaei, Ali Ghaleiha, Azade Bakhtiari, Mohammad Haghighi, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Amineh Akhondi, Hafez Bajoghli, Leila Jahangard, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Ten to 15% of mothers experience postpartum depression (PPD). If untreated, PPD may negatively affect mothers' and infants' mental health in the long term. Accordingly, effective treatments are required. In the present study, we investigated the effect of detached mindfulness (DM) and stress management training (SMT) as adjuvants, compared to pharmacologic treatment only, on symptoms of depression in women with PPD. Forty-five primiparae (mean age: M = 24.5 years) with diagnosed PPD and treated with an SSRI (citalopram; CIT) took part in the study...
July 18, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715934/-first-1000-days-health-interventions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-alignment-of-south-african-policies-with-high-quality-evidence
#2
René English, Nazia Peer, Simone Honikman, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen J Hofman
BACKGROUND: In South Africa (SA), despite adoption of international strategies and approaches, maternal, neonatal and child (MNC) morbidity and mortality rates have not sufficiently declined. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an umbrella review (UR) that identifies interventions in low- and middle-income countries, with a high-quality evidence base, that improve MNC morbidity and mortality outcomes within the first 1000 days of life; and to assess the incorporation of the evidence into local strategies, guidelines and documents...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714608/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-during-pregnancy-do-we-have-now-more-definite-answers-related-to-prenatal-exposure
#3
REVIEW
Asher Ornoy, Gideon Koren
Despite extensive studies, there still seems to be uncertainty as to the possible reproductive risk of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) in pregnancy. We, therefore, assess the current data on the risk/benefit of SSRI use in pregnancy. As the neurodevelopmental effects of SSRIs are discussed in another paper in this issue, we will not address the possible neurodevelopmental effects. Special emphasis is given to the newer, large population-based studies...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711396/social-adversity-in-pregnancy-and-trajectories-of-women-s-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Ann M Kingsbury, Maria Plotnikova, Alexandra Clavarino, Abullah Mamun, Jake M Najman
BACKGROUND: Sound evidence has linked the experience of adversity with depression. Less is known about this association over time. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine whether or not social adversity experienced by pregnant women is associated with their patterns of depressive symptoms over their reproductive life course. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cohort of women collected at their first obstetrical clinic visit of an index pregnancy (time-point 1) and at a further six time-points to 27 years following the birth...
July 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710291/two-types-of-etiological-mutation-in-the-limb-specific-enhancer-of-shh
#5
Takanori Amano, Tomoko Sagai, Ryohei Seki, Toshihiko Shiroishi
An enhancer named MFCS1 regulates Sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression in the posterior mesenchyme of limb buds. Several mutations in MFCS1 induce ectopic Shh expression in the anterior limb bud, and these result in preaxial polydactyly (PPD). However, the molecular basis of ectopic Shh expression remains elusive, although some mutations are known to disrupt the negative regulation of Shh expression in the anterior limb bud. Here, we analyzed the molecular mechanism of ectopic Shh expression in PPD including in a mouse mutation-hemimelic extra toes (Hx)-and in other MFCS1 mutations in different species...
July 14, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709777/fear-of-childbirth-in-primiparous-italian-pregnant-women-the-role-of-anxiety-depression-and-couple-adjustment
#6
Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Laura Elvira Prino, Luca Rollè, Cristina Sechi, Annamaria Trovato, Laura Vismara, Barbara Volpi, Piera Brustia, Loredana Lucarelli, Renata Tambelli, Emanuela Saita
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fear of childbirth in pregnant women is described to be about 20-25%, while 6-10% of expectant mothers report a severe fear that impairs their daily activities as well as their ability to cope with labour and childbirth. Research on fear of childbirth risk factors has produced heterogeneous results while being mostly done with expectant mothers from northern Europe, northern America, and Australia. AIMS: The present research investigates whether fear of childbirth can be predicted by socio-demographic variables, distressing experiences before pregnancy, medical-obstetric factors and psychological variables with a sample of 426 Italian primiparous pregnant women...
July 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709025/adult-attachment-s-unique-contribution-in-the-prediction-of-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-beyond-personality-traits
#7
Cathrine Axfors, Sara Sylvén, Mia Ramklint, Alkistis Skalkidou
BACKGROUND: Personality traits such as neuroticism can help identify pregnant women at risk of postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDS). However, it is unclear whether attachment style could have an additional contribution to this risk elevation. This study aimed to examine the overlap of adult attachment insecurity and neuroticism/trait anxiety as PPDS predictors, taking into account baseline depressive symptoms. METHODS: A Swedish population-based sample of pregnant women reported on adult attachment and either neuroticism (n = 1063) or trait anxiety (n = 555)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708238/family-context-moderates-the-association-of-maternal-postpartum-depression-and-stability-of-infant-temperament
#8
Stephanie H Parade, Laura M Armstrong, Susan Dickstein, Ronald Seifer
Maternal postpartum depression, maternal sensitivity, and family functioning were examined as predictors of the stability of observed infant temperament over the first 30 months of life (N = 147 families). Eight observations at 8, 15, and 30 months postpartum were used to assess infant temperament. Structured clinical interviews were used to assess maternal depression, and observational assessments were used to assess family functioning and maternal sensitivity. Family context moderated the effect of maternal depression on change in infant temperament...
July 14, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#9
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703882/centrifugal-lithography-self-shaping-of-polymer-microstructures-encapsulating-biopharmaceutics-by-centrifuging-polymer-drops
#10
Huisuk Yang, Suyong Kim, Geonwoo Kang, Shayan F Lahiji, Mingyu Jang, Young Mi Kim, Jae-Myung Kim, Sang-Nae Cho, Hyungil Jung
Polymeric microstructures encapsulating biopharmaceutics must be fabricated in a controlled environment to preserve the biological activity. There is increasing demand for simple methods designed to preserve the biological activity by utilizing the natural properties of polymers. Here, the paper shows that centrifugal lithography (CL) can be used for the fabrication of such microstructures in a single centrifugation, by engineering the self-shaping properties of hyaluronic acid (HA). In this method, HA drops are self-shaped into hourglass-microstructures to produce two dissolving microneedles (DMN), which facilitate transdermal delivery via implantation on the skin...
July 13, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702773/can-exercise-or-physical-activity-help-improve-postnatal-depression-and-weight-loss-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Maryam Saligheh, Daniel Hackett, Philip Boyce, Stephen Cobley
Despite exercise or physical activity (PA) being effective on depression and weight management generally, its effectiveness remains uncertain during postpartum. This systematic review aimed to determine the efficacy of exercise or PA interventions on postnatal depression (PND) and weight loss, with a subsequent aim to identify more effective intervention approaches. Using PRISMA guidelines, data searches conducted across six databases. Nine studies fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Based on identified studies (some with high-quality RCT designs), there was inconsistency as to whether exercise or PA simultaneously reduced PND symptoms and assisted weight loss (or related body composition indices)...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702506/prenatal-depression-risk-factors-developmental-effects-and-interventions-a-review
#12
Tiffany Field
This narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed and PsycInfo on the two terms prenatal and antenatal depression includes empirical studies, reviews and meta-analyses that have been published during the last 5 years on risk factors, developmental effects and interventions for prenatal depression. Risk factor studies that met criteria feature demographic measures (lower socioeconomic status, less education, non-marital status, non-employment, less social support and health locus of control, unintended pregnancy, partner violence and history of child abuse) and physiological variables (cortisol, amylase, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and intrauterine artery resistance)...
February 2017: Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701883/20s-protopanaxadiol-an-aglycosylated-ginsenoside-metabolite-induces-hepatic-stellate-cell-apoptosis-through-liver-kinase-b1-amp-activated-protein-kinase-activation
#13
Sang Mi Park, Eun Hye Jung, Jae Kwang Kim, Kyung Hwan Jegal, Chung A Park, Il Je Cho, Sang Chan Kim
BACKGROUND: Previously, we reported that Korean Red Ginseng inhibited liver fibrosis in mice and reduced the expressions of fibrogenic genes in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). The present study was undertaken to identify the major ginsenoside responsible for reducing the numbers of HSCs and the underlying mechanism involved. METHODS: Using LX-2 cells (a human immortalized HSC line) and primary activated HSCs, MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide) assays were conducted to examine the cytotoxic effects of ginsenosides...
July 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700955/liver-specific-gene-immunotherapies-resolve-immune-suppressive-ectopic-lymphoid-structures-of-liver-metastases-and-prolong-survival
#14
Tyler J Goodwin, Limei Shen, Mengying Hu, Jingjing Li, Richard Feng, Oleksandra Dorosheva, Rihe Liu, Leaf Huang
The ability to generate potent immunotherapies locally and transiently for the treatment of cancers is a promising strategy to improve efficacy and decrease off-target toxicities. Here, we explored an alternative approach for the delivery of immunotherapeutic agents, in which we deliver the pDNA of an engineered PD-L1 trap and/or CXCL12 trap to the nucleus of liver hepatocytes via a lipid calcium phosphate nanoparticle. This strategy greatly increased the concentrations of immunotherapeutic agents in the local tissue, allowing the therapy to inhibit the accumulation of immune suppressive cells and liver metastasis...
July 6, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699678/the-effect-of-furcation-involvement-on-tooth-loss-in-a-population-without-regular-periodontal-therapy
#15
Luigi Nibali, Anna Krajewski, Nikos Donos, Henry Völzke, Christiane Pink, Thomas Kocher, Birte Holtfreter
AIM: We aimed to assess the association between furcation involvement (FI) and tooth loss for subjects not undergoing regular periodontal treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 2333 subjects participating in the baseline and 11-year follow-up of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) were used. All subjects had half-mouth periodontal examinations, including FI in one upper and one lower molar, at baseline. A total of 1897 subjects and 3267 molars were included in the final analysis...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699396/validation-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#16
Harriet Ing, Gracia Fellmeth, Jitrachote White, Alan Stein, Julie A Simpson, Rose McGready
Postnatal depression is common and may have severe consequences for women and their children. Locally validated screening tools are required to identify at-risk women in marginalised populations. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is one of the most frequently used tools globally. This cross-sectional study assessed the validity and acceptability of the EPDS in Karen and Burmese among postpartum migrant and refugee women on the Thai-Myanmar border. The EPDS was administered to participants and results compared with a diagnostic interview...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699029/access-to-pharmacotherapy-amongst-women-with-bipolar-disorder-during-pregnancy-a-preliminary-study
#17
Nancy Byatt, Lucille Cox, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Holly A Swartz, Linda Weinreb
Bipolar disorder among pregnant women has deleterious effects on birth and child outcomes and is currently under-detected, not addressed effectively, or exacerbated through inappropriate treatment. The goal of this study was to identify perspectives of pregnant and postpartum women with bipolar disorder on barriers and facilitators to psychiatric treatment during pregnancy. In-depth interviews were conducted with pregnant and postpartum women who scored ≥ 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder I, II or not otherwise specified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview version 5...
July 11, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698996/genome-sequencing-of-strain-cellulosimicrobium-sp-th-20-with-ginseng-biotransformation-ability
#18
REVIEW
Fei Zheng, Wei Zhang, Xiaodan Chu, Yulin Dai, Jing Li, Huanxi Zhao, Liankui Wen, Hao Yue, Shanshan Yu
Biotransformation for increasing the pharmaceutical effect of ginsenosides is getting more and more attractions. Strain Cellulosimicrobium sp. TH-20 isolated from ginseng soil samples was identified to produce enzymes contributing to its excellent biotransformation activity against ginsenosides, the main active components of ginseng. Based on phylogenetic tree and homology analysis, the strain can be designated as Cellulosimicrobium sp. Genome sequencing was performed using the Illumina Miseq to explore the functional genes involved in ginsenoside transformation...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698916/maternal-supplementation-with-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-does-not-reduce-depressive-symptoms-at-6%C3%A2-months-postpartum-in-ghanaian-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Harriet Okronipa, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Anna Lartey, Per Ashorn, Stephen A Vosti, Rebecca R Young, Kathryn G Dewey
We examined the impact on depression at 6 months postpartum of maternal supplementation with small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplement (SQ-LNS) compared to supplementation with iron and folic acid (IFA) or multiple micronutrients (MMN). In this partially double-blinded randomized controlled trial, pregnant women ≤20 weeks gestation (n = 1320) were recruited from antenatal clinics and randomly assigned to receive either (1) SQ-LNS during pregnancy and for 6 months postpartum, or (2) IFA during pregnancy only, or (3) MMN during pregnancy and for 6 months postpartum...
July 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696070/the-association-between-three-attitude-related-indexes-of-oral-hygiene-and-secondary-implant-failures-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#20
S Tecco, M G Grusovin, S Sciara, F Bova, G Pantaleo, P Capparé
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the strength of the association between three widely used clinical indexes considered as distal behavioural indicators of attitude-related oral status (an index of oral hygiene, the plaque index [PI] and two periodontal indexes, that is the presence of bleeding on probing [BOP] and of pockets probing depth [PPD]) and secondary implant failure due to peri-implantitis in patients rehabilitated with cemented prosthesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included patients who underwent implant-prosthetic rehabilitation and had joined the programme of maintenance of the same hospital...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
keyword
keyword
57317
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"