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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923193/preconception-personality-disorder-and-antenatal-maternal-mental-health-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Charlotte Hudson, Elizabeth Spry, Rohan Borschmann, Denise Becker, Paul Moran, Craig Olsson, Carolyn Coffey, Helena Romaniuk, Jordana K Bayer, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Prior anxiety and depression have been identified as risk factors for maternal perinatal mental health problems, but other preconception mental disorders have not been prospectively examined. This study investigated prospectively whether women with preconception personality disorder have increased rates of antenatal anxiety and/or depressive symptoms. METHODS: 244 women in a population cohort were assessed for personality disorder at age 24 using the Standardised Assessment of Personality...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922091/an-increased-duplication-of-zrs-region-that-caused-more-than-one-supernumerary-digits-preaxial-polydactyly-in-a-large-chinese-family
#2
Bin Wang, Yutao Diao, Qiji Liu, Hongqiang An, Ruiping Ma, Guosheng Jiang, Nannan Lai, Ziwei Li, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Lin Zhao, Qiang Guo, Zhen Zhang, Rong Sun, Xia Li
Preaxial polydactyly (PPD) is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion and characterized by the presence of one or more supernumerary digits on the thumb side. It had been identified that point mutation or genomic duplications of the long-range limb-specific cis-regulator - zone of polarizing activity regulatory sequence (ZRS) cause PPD or other limb deformities such as syndactyly type IV (SD4) and Triphalangeal thumb-polysyndactyly syndrome (TPTPS). Most previously reported cases involved with no more than one extra finger; however, the role of the point mutation or genomic duplications of ZRS in the case of more than one redundant finger polydactyly remains unclear...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918855/best-practice-for-community-based-management-of-postnatal-depression-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
Sara Dixon, Jaya A R Dantas
Postnatal depression (PND) is a common disorder that can be profoundly disabling for affected mothers and their infants. We reviewed published articles on the community-based management of postnatal depression (PND) in developing countries. Our aim was to propose recommendations to help women with PND. Various databases were searched for English articles from 2000 - 2014. Twelve articles met the selection criteria. We found that interventions involving cognitive behavioural therapy, infant stimulation, and problem solving can improve outcomes for PND...
December 5, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918242/cross-interaction-between-ilyonectria-mors-panacis-isolates-infecting-korean-ginseng-and-ginseng-saponins-in-correlation-with-their-pathogenicity
#4
Mohamed El-Agamy Farh, Yeon-Ju Kim, Priyanka Singh, Deok Chun Yang
Ilyonectria mors-panacis belongs to I. radicicola-species complex and causes root rot and replant failure of ginseng in Asia and North America. The aims of this work were to identify I. mors-panacis that infect Korean ginseng using molecular approaches and to investigate whether their aggressiveness depends on their ability to metabolize ginseng saponins (ginsenosides) by their β-glucosidases, in comparison with other identified Ilyonectria species. Fourteen isolates were collected from culture collections or directly isolated from infected roots and mainly identified based on histone H3 (HIS H3) sequence...
December 5, 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914274/the-adaptive-psychological-changes-of-elective-induction-of-labor-in-breastfeeding-women
#5
Vincenzo Zanardo, Martina Bertin, Laura Sansone, Laura Felice
BACKGROUND: Labor induction has been associated with breastfeeding suppression, but reasons for why this association exists have not been well determined. METHODS: We examined the influence of elective labor induction by vaginal prostaglandin at gestational week 41(+3)days on affective, cognitive, and behavioural adaptations early in puerperium and on breastfeeding pattern at 1 and 3months. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty consecutive puerperae were assigned to two groups: mothers having received vaginal prostaglandin E2 gel (Prepidil®, dinoprostone) before labor (PGE group, n=90) and mothers having received no treatment (unmedicated group, n=90)...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914247/antenatal-depressive-symptoms-among-pregnant-women-evidence-from-a-southern-brazilian-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Carolina de Vargas Nunes Coll, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Diego Garcia Bassani, Elena Netsi, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Fernando César Barros, Alan Stein
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression (AD) is a major public health issue but evidence regarding its prevalence and associated factors in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) is limited. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and identify risk factors for AD among Brazilian pregnant women. METHODS: All women living in the urban area of the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, with confirmed pregnancy and estimated delivery date in the year 2015, were invited to take part...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914041/paliperidone-loaded-nanolipomer-system-for-sustained-delivery-and-enhanced-intestinal-permeation-superiority-to-polymeric-and-solid-lipid-nanoparticles
#7
Hala Mahmoud Helal, Sana Mohamed Mortada, Marwa Ahmed Sallam
Paliperidone (PPD) is the most recent second-generation atypical antipsychotic approved for the treatment of schizophrenia. An immediate release dose causes extrapyramidal side effects. In this work, a novel nanolipomer carrier system for PPD with enhanced intestinal permeability and sustained release properties has been developed and optimized. PPD was successfully encapsulated into a lipomer consisting of a specific combination of biocompatible materials including poly-ε-caprolactone as a polymeric core, Lipoid S75, and Gelucire® 50/13 as a lipid shell and polyvinyl alcohol as a stabilizing agent...
December 2, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909894/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-vs-local-minocycline-in-addition-to-non-surgical-therapy-of-deep-periodontal-pockets-a-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Laura Tabenski, Daniel Moder, Fabian Cieplik, Frederike Schenke, Karl-Anton Hiller, Wolfgang Buchalla, Gottfried Schmalz, Michael Christgau
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the additional influence of either antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT; Helbo® Photodynamic Systems) or local application of minocycline microspheres (MC; Arestin, OraPharma) on clinical and microbiological healing results in deep periodontal pockets (PPD ≥6 mm) following non-surgical periodontal therapy (SRP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with chronic periodontitis were evaluated: test group aPDT + SRP (n = 15), positive control group MC + SRP (n = 15), and negative control group SRP-alone (n = 15)...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900745/-the-effects-of-a-mobile-application-social-support-program-on-postpartum-perceived-stress-and-depression
#9
Hsuesh-Yu Cheng, Tsuey-Yuan Huang, Li-Yu Chien, Yu-Fen Cheng, Fen-Ju Chen
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is a common health problem for women following childbirth. Using effective social support to reduce postpartum depression has become an important issue. The current popularity of smartphones offers new possibilities for interventional methods. PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of mobile-application-based social support programs on perceived stress and postpartum depression in postpartum women. METHODS: The present study employs an experimental research design...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900249/the-influence-of-smoking-on-the-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-and-periodontal-parameters-in-smoker-and-nonsmoker-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinicobiochemical-study
#10
Namita Gupta, Narinder Dev Gupta, Lata Goyal, Shagufta Moin, Saif Khan, Akash Gupta, Sagar Garg
AIMS: Even though worldwide evidences tend to prove that smoking adversely influences periodontal health, there are few studies demonstrating the effect of levels of salivary matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) in smokers. This study aimed to compare and quantify the levels of MMP-8 in smokers and also to evaluate the effect of smoking on periodontal indices in smokers and nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: A total number of 60 subjects were selected for the study and were divided into three groups: group I, healthy nonsmoking subjects; group II, nonsmoking patients with chronic periodontitis; group III, smoking patients with chronic periodontitis...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897022/-postpartum-blues-a-czech-adaptation-of-the-maternity-blues-questionnaire
#11
L Takács, F Smolík, J Mlíková Seidlerová, P Čepický, S Hoskovcová
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Kennerley and Gaths Maternity Blues Questionnaire (MBQ) for the Czech postpartum population, to present the psychometric properties of the Czech version of that screening method, and to assess its predictive power for the risk of postpartum depression. DESIGN: Original study. SETTING: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Charles University, Prague. METHODS: The Czech version of the MBQ was validated on a sample of 1093 women...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896374/loss-of-group-memberships-predicts-depression-in-postpartum-mothers
#12
Magen Seymour-Smith, Tegan Cruwys, S Alexander Haslam, Wendy Brodribb
PURPOSE: The postpartum period presents the highest risk for women's mental health throughout the lifespan. We aimed to examine the Social Identity Model of Identity Change in this context. More specifically, we investigated changes in social identity during this life transition and their consequences for women's postpartum mental health. METHODS: Women who had given birth within the last 12 months (N = 387) reported on measures of depression, social group memberships, and motherhood identification...
November 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892960/new-genome-wide-algorithm-identifies-novel-in-vivo-expressed-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-antigens-inducing-human-t-cell-responses-with-classical-and-unconventional-cytokine-profiles
#13
Mariateresa Coppola, Krista E van Meijgaarden, Kees L M C Franken, Susanna Commandeur, Gregory Dolganov, Igor Kramnik, Gary K Schoolnik, Inaki Comas, Ole Lund, Corine Prins, Susan J F van den Eeden, Gro E Korsvold, Fredrik Oftung, Annemieke Geluk, Tom H M Ottenhoff
New strategies are needed to develop better tools to control TB, including identification of novel antigens for vaccination. Such Mtb antigens must be expressed during Mtb infection in the major target organ, the lung, and must be capable of eliciting human immune responses. Using genome-wide transcriptomics of Mtb infected lungs we developed data sets and methods to identify IVE-TB (in-vivo expressed Mtb) antigens expressed in the lung. Quantitative expression analysis of 2,068 Mtb genes from the predicted first operons identified the most upregulated IVE-TB genes during in-vivo pulmonary infection...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892856/co-infection-with-mycobacterium-bovis-does-not-alter-the-response-to-bovine-leukemia-virus-in-bola-drb3-0902-genetically-resistant-cattle
#14
Claudia M Lützelschwab, Agustina Forletti, Rosana Cepeda, Eduardo N Esteban, Omar Confalonieri, Silvina E Gutiérrez
High proviral load (HPL) profile in bovine leukemia virus infected animals poses increased risk of transmission, and development of HPL or low proviral load (LPL) profile may be attributed to host genetics. Genetic resistance and susceptibility has been mapped to the Major Histocompatibility Complex class II DRB3 gene (BoLA DRB3). The aim of this work was to determine the effect of Mycobacterium bovis infection on certain virological and host immunological parameters of BLV experimental infection. Twenty-six Argentinian Holstein calves carrying the resistance-associated marker allele BoLA DRB3*0902, susceptibility-associated marker allele BoLA DRB3*1501, or neutral BoLA DRB3 alleles, exposed to M...
September 9, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892736/therapeutics-of-postpartum-depression
#15
Michael Thomson, Verinder Sharma
Postpartum depression is a prevalent disorder affecting many women of reproductive age. Despite increasing public awareness, it is frequently underdiagnosed and undertreated leading to significant maternal morbidity and adverse child outcomes. When identified, postpartum depression is usually treated as major depressive disorder. Many studies have identified the postpartum as a period of high risk for first presentations and relapses of bipolar disorder. Areas Covered: This article reviews the acute and prophylactic treatment of postpartum major depressive disorder, bipolar depression and major depressive disorder with mixed features...
November 28, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888970/paternal-depression-rates-in-prenatal-and-postpartum-periods-and-affecting-factors
#16
Ekin Dila Top, Nuray Egelioglu Cetisli, Serkan Guclu, Esma Burcak Zengin
The objective of this study was to determine the paternal depression rates and affecting factors in prenatal and postpartum periods. The study, which was descriptive and cross-sectional, was conducted with 92 volunteer couples that suited the criteria for the sample. These participants were selected from couples that applied to the gynecology clinic of a private hospital between September 2014 and April 2015 and who were in their 37th-40th weeks of pregnancy. Data collection was planned in two interviews; the first one was done between the 37th and 40th weeks of the pregnancy, and the second was conducted between the 4th and 6th weeks after the birth...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887649/postpartum-depression-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territory-a-longitudinal-study-in-bethlehem
#17
Sara Qandil, Samah Jabr, Stefan Wagler, Simon M Collin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women from different cultures around the world. No previous studies have investigated PPD among women in Palestine. Fertility rates in Palestine are among the highest in the world, hence even low rates of PPD could have considerable national impact. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, PPD among Palestinian mothers. METHODS: 101 mothers were recruited during the registration of their child's birth (within 1 week) at the Bethlehem branch of the Ministry of Interior...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887580/factors-associated-with-difficulty-accessing-health-care-for-infants-in-canada-mothers-reports-from-the-cross-sectional-maternity-experiences-survey
#18
Alisa D Brandon, Christy Costanian, Manal F El Sayed, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Approximately 13% of Canadian mothers report difficulty accessing health care for their infants, yet little is known about the factors associated with difficulty. Therefore, we examined factors associated with difficulty accessing non-routine health care for Canadian infants, from birth to 14 months of age, as reported by their mothers. METHODS: Data was drawn from the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of mothers who gave birth between November 2005 and May 2006, aged 15 years or older, and lived with their infants at the time of survey administration...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885145/trajectories-of-postpartum-depression-depression-in-italian-first-time-fathers
#19
Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Matteo Malgaroli, Emanuela Saita
Paternal postpartum depression (PPD) has received little attention compared with maternal prenatal and postpartum depression, despite research reporting that paternal PPD concerns a substantial number of fathers. History of depression and antenatal depression have been identified as important PPD's risk factors, underlining the continuity of depressive symptoms during the transition to parenthood. However, only few studies have focused on the evolution of depressive symptoms with longitudinal research design...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884667/persistent-pain-after-caesarean-section-and-its-association-with-maternal-anxiety-and-socioeconomic-background
#20
B Daly, S Young, R Marla, L Riddell, R Junkin, N Weidenhammer, J Dolan, J Kinsella, R Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pain, both from the surgical site, and from other sources such as musculoskeletal backache, can persist after caesarean section. In this study of a predominantly socially deprived population we have sought to prospectively examine the association between antenatal maternal anxiety and socioeconomic background and the development of persistent pain of all sources after caesarean section. METHODS: Demographic details and an anxiety questionnaire were completed by 205 women before elective caesarean section...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
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