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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538889/schamberg-s-disease-case-report-with-therapeutic-success-by-using-colchicine
#1
Maria Lopes Lamenha Lins Cavalcante, Paula Yoshiko Masuda, Fernanda Freitas de Brito, Ana Cecília Versiani Duarte Pinto, Gabriela Itimura, Adauto José Ferreira Nunes
Pigmented purpuric dermatoses (PPD) include a spectrum of diseases with different clinical aspects, but with similar histopathological features. Specific clinical findings allow the division of PPD in variants. Schamberg's disease is the most common. Treatment is sometimes ineffective and recurrences are common. There are reports of patients who responded well to the use of colchicine. We report the case of a 32-year-old woman, previously healthy, with a history of onset of asymptomatic lesions in legs. She presented purpuric skin eruptions and brownish stains diffusely distributed in the lower limbs...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535448/bipolar-postpartum-depression-an-update-and-recommendations
#2
REVIEW
Verinder Sharma, Minakshi Doobay, Christine Baczynski
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years there has been a surge of interest in the study of bipolar postpartum depression (PPD); however, questions remain about its prevalence, screening, clinical features, and treatment. METHODS: Three electronic databases, MEDLINE/PubMed (1966-2016), PsycINFO (1806-2016), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, were searched using a combination of the keywords bipolar, depression, postpartum, peripartum, prevalence, screening, diagnosis, treatment, drugs, and psychotherapy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534713/the-influence-of-thermal-comfort-on-the-quality-of-life-of-nursing-home-residents
#3
Ana Mendes, Ana Luísa Papoila, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Lívia Aguiar, Stefano Bonassi, Iolanda Caires, Teresa Palmeiro, Álvaro Silva Ribeiro, Paula Neves, Cristiana Pereira, Amália Botelho, Nuno Neuparth, João Paulo Teixeira
Thermal comfort (TC) parameters were measured in 130 rooms from nursing homes (NH), following ISO 7730:2005 in order to evaluate the influence of winter season TC indices on quality of life (QoL) in older individuals. Mean radiant temperature (mrT), predicted mean vote (PMV) and predicted percent of dissatisfied people (PPD) indices, and the respective measurement uncertainties were calculated using Monte Carlo Method. The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was conducted from September 2012 to April 2013, during the winter season TC sampling campaign...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534271/optic-disc-granuloma-with-epididymitis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#4
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Sowkath Ali, Jyotirmay Biswas
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis and tuberculosis (TB) share epidemiological, immunological, and molecular features common to both, and often, it becomes difficult to differentiate them especially in a highly TB-endemic country like India. We report a case of optic disc granuloma along with epididymitis and infertility in a male who showed a response to treatment with anti-tuberculosis therapy and steroids. RESULTS: A 35-year-old Indian male who presented with complaints of blurring vision in the right eye for 6 months and treated elsewhere with two intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF was found to have optic disc granuloma in the right eye...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534001/frequency-of-acute-hepatitis-following-acute-paraphenylene-diamine-intoxication
#5
Rizwan Ishtiaq, Sadaf Shafiq, Ali Imran, Qazi Masroor Ali, Raheel Khan, Hassan Tariq, Daniyal Ishtiaq
INTRODUCTION: Paraphenylene diamine (PPD) ingestion is manifesting as one of the more common ways of committing suicide in Southern Punjab, Pakistan, especially Bahawalpur. PPD is an ingredient of a compound commonly known "Kala Pathar" which means "Black Stone" in Urdu. It is readily available in the market at low cost and is used to dye hair and fur. Its intoxication inhibits cellular oxidation and affects the muscles causing rhabdomyolysis. This leads to myoglobinuria followed by renal failure and edema of face and throat resulting in respiratory difficulty...
April 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532261/abo-blood-types-and-postpartum-depression-among-chinese-women-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-tianjin-china
#6
Chunhua Song, Junhong Leng, Leishen Wang, Wei Li, Shuang Zhang, Wei Wang, Pingying Liu, Jing Zhang, Bin Xie, Weidong Li, Juliana Cn Chan, Xilin Yang
Postpartum depression is associated with adverse consequences for mother and offspring. The heritable ABO blood group has been associated with multiple diseases, including mental illness and diabetes. We explored the association of ABO blood group and postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDS) in a population-based cohort of pregnant Chinese women. From 2010 to August 2012, we recruited 8842 pregnant women with a mean age of 28.5 years (SD: 2.94) and mean body mass index of 22.4kg/m(2) (SD: 3.45) in Tianjin, China...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528143/intergenerational-accumulation-of-impairments-in-maternal-behavior-following-postnatal-social-stress
#7
B C Nephew, L M Carini, S Sallah, C Cotino, R A S Alyamani, F Pittet, S Bradburn, C Murgatroyd
Early adversity such as depressed maternal care can have long-term physiological and behavioral effects on offspring and future generations. Exposure to chronic social stress (CSS), an ethologically model of postpartum depression and anxiety, during lactation impairs maternal care and exerts similar effects on the F1 dam offspring of the stressed F0 dams. These changes associate with increased corticosterone and neuroendocrine alterations. CSS F2 offspring further display decreased social behavior as juveniles and adults and decreased basal levels of corticosterone...
May 13, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525876/discrete-category-of-mother-to-infant-bonding-disorder-and-its-identification-by-the-mother-to-infant-bonding-scale-a-study-in-japanese-mothers-of-a-1-month-old
#8
Asami Matsunaga, Fumie Takauma, Katsuhiko Tada, Toshinori Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Difficulty of maternal bonding towards a baby is widely recognised. It is unclear whether this phenomenon is dimensional or categorical. If categorical, an optimal cut-off score of a screening instrument is needed in clinical settings. AIMS: In this study, we investigated whether maternal bonding is dimensional or categorical phenomenon and try to set optimal cut-off score of screening instruments. METHODS: Self-report questionnaire studies were conducted in a general hospital and four antenatal clinics...
May 16, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523954/photometric-cielab-analysis-of-the-gingiva-a-novel-approach-to-assess-response-to-periodontal-therapy
#9
Yaniv Mayer, Ofir Ginesin, Eli E Machtei
OBJECTIVE: A new photometric method is introduced for the assessment of the gingival condition and changes following periodontal therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical data (probing depth, plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level) and photographs from 53 subjects (49% males, 51% females) undergoing initial periodontal treatment were used for this analysis. Each maxillary anterior area was photographed before treatment and three months after...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512637/positive-correlation-between-ip-10-and-ifn-%C3%AE-levels-in-rhesus-monkeys-macaca-mulatta-with-either-naturally-acquired-or-experimental-infection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#10
Fangui Min, Ruike Wu, Jinchun Pan, Shuwu Huang, Yinzhu Luo, Yu Zhang
Numerous studies identify that IP-10 and IFN-γ are involved in leucocyte migration and activation and regarded as promising surrogate biomarkers in human and bovine tuberculosis infection, but there is lack of evidence for IP-10 in nonhuman primates. In this study, we directly determined IP-10 and IFN-γ levels in plasma from 30 healthy monkeys, 30 monkeys with naturally acquired tuberculosis, 4 monkeys experimentally infected with tuberculosis, and PPD stimulated whole blood of 14 monkeys with naturally acquired tuberculosis by ELISA...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512538/oral-hygiene-and-periodontal-health-status-among-khat-chewers-a-case-control-study
#11
Sadeq-Ali Al-Maweri, Mohammed AlAkhali
BACKGROUND: Habitual khat chewing is a widespread male habit in Southern Arabia and East Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Khat chewing on oral hygiene and periodontal health status among Yemeni male khat chewers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case- control study included 310 khat chewers, aged 20-65 years, and 72 age- and gender- matched non-chewers as controls. Periodontal examination included recording of dental plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), attachment level (AL) and gingival recession (GR)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511507/evaluation-of-c-reactive-protein-and-fibrinogen-in-patients-with-chronic-and-aggressive-periodontitis-a-clinico-biochemical-study
#12
Swaroop Chandy, Kiran Joseph, Anila Sankaranarayanan, Annie Issac, George Babu, Bobby Wilson, Jumol Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease is characterised by chronic infection and inflammation in periodontal tissues leading to destruction of alveolar bone with subsequent tooth loss. Periodontal infections are the result of an interaction between tooth associated microbial biofilms and the host defences. Periodontal pathogens can affect local and systemic immune and inflammatory responses. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP), plasma fibrinogen and peripheral blood levels in healthy subjects, chronic and aggressive periodontitis patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511050/maternal-distress-in-late-pregnancy-alters-obstetric-outcomes-and-the-expression-of-genes-important-for-placental-glucocorticoid-signalling
#13
Katie L Togher, Eimear Treacy, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Louise C Kenny
The experience of maternal distress in pregnancy is often linked with poorer obstetric outcomes for women as well as adverse outcomes for offspring. Alterations in placental glucocorticoid signalling and subsequent increased fetal exposure to cortisol have been suggested to underlie this relationship. In the current study, 121 pregnant women completed the Perceived Stress Scale, State Trait Anxiety Inventory and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in the third trimester of pregnancy. Placental samples were collected after delivery...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503523/treadmill-exercise-ameliorates-depressive-symptoms-through-increasing-serotonin-expression-in-postpartum-depression-rats
#14
Eun-Sang Ji, Jae-Min Lee, Tae-Woon Kim, You-Mi Kim, Yeon-Soo Kim, Kijeong Kim
Postpartum depression (PPD) is defined as the depressive symptoms that occur from the moment of delivery until 12 months after delivery. PPD symptoms are closely associated with reduced activity of the serotonergic system. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of depression. Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) catalyzes the rate-limiting step of 5-HT biosynthesis in the serotonergic neurons. Exercise exerts anti-depressive effect on depression patients as well as on animal models of depression...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502875/efficacy-of-photodynamic-therapy-versus-antibiotics-as-an-adjunct-to-scaling-and-root-planing-in-the-treatment-of-periodontitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Zohaib Akram, Tahira Hyder, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Munerah Saleh Binshabaib, Shatha Subhi Alharthi, Ayesha Hanif
BACKGROUND: To determine whether treatment with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) yield better clinical periodontal outcomes than antibiotics (AB) as adjunct to SRP in periodontitis. METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted in databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases) up to and including April 2017...
May 11, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502177/leveraging-colloidal-aggregation-for-drug-rich-nanoparticle-formulations
#16
Ahil N Ganesh, Jennifer Logie, Christopher K McLaughlin, Benjamin L Barthel, Tad H Koch, Brian K Shoichet, Molly S Shoichet
While limited drug loading continues to be problematic for chemotherapeutics formulated in nanoparticles, we found that we could take advantage of colloidal drug aggregation to achieve high loading when combined with polymeric excipients. We demonstrate this approach with two drugs, fulvestrant and pentyl-PABC doxazolidine (PPD; a prodrug of doxazolidine, which is a DNA cross-linking anthracycline), and two polymers, polysorbate 80 (UP80) and poly(d,l-lactide-co-2-methyl-2-carboxytrimethylene carbonate)-graft-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLAC-PEG; a custom-synthesized, self-assembling amphiphilic polymer)...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501681/postnatal-paternal-involvement-and-maternal-emotional-disturbances-the-effect-of-maternal-employment-status
#17
Wan-Chien Lin, Shin-Yow Chang, Yi-Ting Chen, Hsin-Chien Lee, Yi-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: Recently, studies have begun emphasizing paternal involvement during the perinatal period and its impact on maternal health. However, most studies have assessed maternal perception and focused on adolescents or minority groups in Western countries. Therefore, the current study investigated the association between paternal involvement and maternal postnatal depression and anxiety, along with the effects of maternal job status in the Asian society of Taiwan. METHODS: This study recruited pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy as well as their partners on prenatal visits from July 2011 to September 2013 at four selected hospitals in metropolitan areas of Taipei, Taiwan...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499376/benefits-of-preparing-for-childbirth-with-mindfulness-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-active-comparison
#18
Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Maria T Chao, Joseph G Cook, Jane Riccobono, Nancy Bardacke
BACKGROUND: Childbirth fear is linked with lower labor pain tolerance and worse postpartum adjustment. Empirically validated childbirth preparation options are lacking for pregnant women facing this problem. Mindfulness approaches, now widely disseminated, can alleviate symptoms of both chronic and acute pain and improve psychological adjustment, suggesting potential benefit when applied to childbirth education. METHODS: This study, the Prenatal Education About Reducing Labor Stress (PEARLS) study, is a randomized controlled trial (RCT; n = 30) of a short, time-intensive, 2...
May 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498507/effect-of-surgical-periodontal-treatment-associated-to-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-on-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Sérgio H L Martins, Arthur B Novaes, Mario Taba, Daniela B Palioto, Michel R Messora, Danilo M Reino, Sérgio L S Souza
AIM: This randomized controlled clinical trial evaluated the effects of an adjunctive single application of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in Surgical Periodontal Treatment (ST) in patients with severe chronic periodontitis (SCP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a split-mouth design, 20 patients with SCP were treated with aPDT+ST (Test Group, TG) or ST only (Control Group, CG). aPDT was applied in a single episode, using a diode laser and a phenothiazine photosensitizer...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497660/chitosan-brush-for-professional-removal-of-plaque-in-mild-peri-implantitis
#20
Blerina Zeza, Caspar Wohlfahrt, Andrea Pilloni
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is evaluate the effectiveness of a chitosan brush on the treatment of mild peri-implantitis. METHODS: Fifteen patients diagnosed with mild peri-implantitis contributing with single implant were treated with a chitosan brush. Modified plaque index (mPll), modified bleeding index (mBoP) and probing depth (PPD) were recorded at baseline, 2, 4, 12 and 24 weeks. Chitosan brush was used at 12 weeks if diagnosis was still present. Peri-apical radiographs were taken at the beginning of the study and 6 months after to control the stability of bone level...
May 10, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
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