keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ppd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811121/emergency-department-use-in-the-perinatal-period-an-opportunity-for-early-intervention
#1
Saloni Malik, Catherine Kothari, Colleen MacCallum, Michael Liepman, Shama Tareen, Karin V Rhodes
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We characterize emergency department (ED) utilization among perinatal women and identify differences in risk factors and outcomes between women who use versus do not use the ED during the perinatal period. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study comparing patients who used the ED versus did not use the ED during the perinatal period. Patient data were collected from medical chart review and postpartum interviews. RESULTS: Of the 678 participants, 218 (33%) had at least 1 perinatal ED visit...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802836/neocortical-prodynorphin-expression-is-transiently-increased-with-learning-implications-for-time-and-learning-dependent-neocortical-kappa-opioid-receptor-activation
#2
Ryan Loh, Sean Collins, Roberto Galvez
There are several lines of evidence that indicate a prominent role for the opioid system in the acquisition and consolidation of learned associations. Specifically, kappa opioid receptor (KOR) modulation has been demonstrated to alter various behavioral tasks including whisker trace eyeblink conditioning (WTEB). WTEB is an associative conditioning paradigm in which a neutral conditioned stimulus (CS; Whisker stimulation) is paired following a short stimulus free trace interval with a salient unconditioned stimulus that elicits a blink response (US; Eye shock)...
August 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802407/immunological-characterization-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-low-endemic-country
#3
Roelof A de Paus, Krista E van Meijgaarden, Corine Prins, Margreet H Kamphorst, Sandra M Arend, Tom H M Ottenhoff, Simone A Joosten
The diagnosis of a latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is based on detection of immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). The tuberculin skin test (TST), the Quantiferon (QFT) and a prolonged lymphocyte stimulation test using either ESAT-6/CFP-10 (LST-EC) or PPD (LST-PPD) were evaluated in a cohort of 495 individuals, suspected to have LTBI, in a low endemic country. While the TST and LST-PPD were both positive in the majority (75%) of individuals, only one third responded in the LST-EC and in the QFT...
September 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802401/differences-in-igg-responses-against-infection-phase-related-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-mtb-specific-antigens-in-individuals-exposed-or-not-to-mtb-correlate-with-control-of-tb-infection-and-progression
#4
Mariateresa Coppola, Leonar Arroyo, Krista E van Meijgaarden, Kees Lmc Franken, Annemieke Geluk, Luis F Barrera, Tom H M Ottenhoff
Tuberculosis (TB) occurs in only 3-10% of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infected individuals, suggesting that natural immunity can contain Mtb infection, although this remains poorly understood. Next to T-cells, a potentially protective role for B-cells and antibodies has emerged recently. However, the Mtb antigens involved remain ill-defined. Here, we investigated in a TB-endemic setting IgG levels against 15 Mtb antigens, representing various phases of Mtb infection and known to be potent human T-cell antigens...
September 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799024/strength-of-tuberculin-used-in-the-mantoux-test-does-it-make-a-difference
#5
REVIEW
Joseph L Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797653/antepartum-services-and-symptoms-of-postpartum-depression-in-at-risk-women
#6
Sharon L Ruyak, Angelina Flores-Montoya, Blake Boursaw
OBJECTIVE: To examine which psychosocial risk factors are predictors of symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) and whether home visit services are associated with decreased reports of symptoms of PPD. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of observational data from the 2012 to 2013 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). PARTICIPANTS: A national sample with data from more than 30,000 births from 41 states. METHODS: To account for unequal probabilities of selection, PRAMS-produced survey weights were incorporated in all percentage estimates, all chi-square tests, and an overall logistic regression model for maternal characteristics as predictors of symptoms of PPD...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796940/telephone-based-depression-care-management-for-postpartum-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Katherine L Wisner, Dorothy K Y Sit, Mary McShea, James F Luther, Heather F Eng, John L Dills, Eydie L Moses-Kolko, Stephen R Wisniewski
OBJECTIVE: With a period prevalence of 21.9% in the year after birth, depression is a common complication of childbearing. We assessed the impact of telephone-delivered depression care management (DCM) on symptom levels, health service utilization, and functional status 3, 6, and 12 months postpartum. METHODS: The randomized controlled trial was conducted at the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from March 2006 through September 2010. Women (N = 628) who screened positive for depression (a score of 10 or greater on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) 4 to 6 weeks postpartum were evaluated with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Patient Edition With Psychotic Screen and enrolled in a randomized trial of DCM compared to enhanced usual care (EUC)...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794092/optic-disc-swelling-in-a-patient-with-tuberculous-meningitis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#8
Hanis Zuhaimy, Sue Ngein Leow, Suresh K Vasudevan
We discuss the diagnostic challenge in an adult patient presented with purely ocular symptoms diagnosed with tuberculous meningitis (TBM). A 38-year-old woman presented with bilateral painless blurring of vision. There were bilateral sixth cranial nerve palsy and bilateral optic disc swelling. Optic nerve function tests were normal. Patient was lucid with no signs of meningism. Brain imaging were normal. She had a positive Mantoux test, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate but no clinical evidence of active pulmonary tuberculosis infection...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793935/utilization-of-electronic-health-record-events-to-conduct-a-tuberculosis-contact-investigation-in-a-high-risk-oncology-unit
#9
Shauna C Usiak, Fabian A Romero, Patrice Schwegman, Violet Fitzpatrick, MaryAnn Connor, Janet Eagan, Arthur E Brown, Mini Kamboj
OBJECTIVE To describe the utilization of electronic medical data resources, including health records and nursing scheduling resources, to conduct a tuberculosis (TB) exposure investigation in a high-risk oncology unit. SETTING A 42-bed inpatient unit with a mix of surgical and medical patients at a large tertiary-care cancer center in New York City. PARTICIPANTS High-risk subjects and coworkers exposed to a healthcare worker (HCW) with cavitary smear positive lung TB. RESULTS During the 3-month exposure period, 270 patients were admitted to the unit; 137 of these (50...
August 10, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791986/associations-between-intimate-partner-violence-depression-and-suicidal-behavior-among-women-attending-antenatal-and-general-outpatients-hospital-services-in-thailand
#10
K Peltzer, S Pengpid
BACKGROUND: Battered women are exposed to multiple types and different severity of intimate partner abuse, however, little is known about the relationship between severity and different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) (physical, sexual, psychological, and danger) and symptoms of depression and suicidal behavior in a sample of women attending antenatal care or general outpatient hospital services in Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult women who were consecutively sampled and screened for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791548/insomnia-postpartum-depression-and-estradiol-in-women-after-delivery
#11
Ewa Drozdowicz-Jastrzębska, Michał Skalski, Paulina Gdańska, Anna Mach, Piotr Januszko, Rafał J Nowak, Piotr Węgrzyn, Mirosław Wielgoś, Maria Radziwoń-Zaleska
After childbirth, women may develop symptoms of depression with the associated sleep disturbances. This study assessed the relationship between insomnia and both depression symptoms and blood estradiol levels in women during the early postpartum period. 84 patients were assessed 24-48 h after labor. The main assessment methods were the following psychometric scales: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). Serum estradiol levels were measured using ELISA assay...
August 8, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790828/impact-of-help-seeking-behavior-and-partner-support-on-postpartum-depression-among-saudi-women
#12
Adel F Almutairi, Mahmoud Salam, Samiyah Alanazi, Manal Alweldawi, Najad Alsomali, Najla Alotaibi
BACKGROUND: Many studies have discovered a number of factors that can contribute to the risk of developing postpartum depression (PPD), including, but not limited to, life stressors, lack of social support, low economic status, and quality of the marital relationship. However, these studies were conducted in various countries with participants from different cultural backgrounds. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the impact of general help-seeking behavior (GHSB) and partner support (PS) on PPD among Saudi women in primary health care clinics in Riyadh city...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780475/the-postpartum-partner-support-scale-development-psychometric-assessment-and-predictive-validity-in-a-canadian-prospective-cohort
#13
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: postpartum depression is a significant public health issue with well-documented negative consequences. A strong risk factor that has been consistently identified in international samples is a poor partner relationship. However, no instrument exists to measure postpartum-specific partner support. OBJECTIVES: the objective of this methodological study was to develop and psychometrically test an instrument to assess the perception of postpartum partner support to guide interventions...
July 29, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780256/perinatal-depression-adverse-life-events-and-hypothalamic-adrenal-pituitary-axis-response-to-cold-pressor-stress-in-latinas-an-exploratory-study
#14
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Karen M Grewen, Susan S Girdler, Jayme Wood, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Latinas are disproportionately affected by perinatal depression (PND) as well as by adverse life events (ALEs), an independent predictor of PND. Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been seen both in women with PND and with a history of ALEs in non-Latinas. Although some evidence suggests that HPA axis dysregulation may mediate the link between ALEs and PND, this hypothesis has received little attention and there are no studies that have examined these pathways in Latinas...
August 2, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776523/screening-of-health-care-workers-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#15
Anand Bimari Janagond, Vithiya Ganesan, G S Vijay Kumar, Arunagiri Ramesh, Prem Anand, M Mariappan
BACKGROUND: Health-care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of acquiring tuberculosis (TB) than the general population. While national-level data on the burden of TB in general population is available from reliable sources, nationally representative data on latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) burden in HCWs in the high burden countries is lacking. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out to assess the risk of TB infection among HCWs who directly engage in medical duties...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776288/a-novel-non-surgical-method-for-mild-peri-implantitis-a-multicenter-consecutive-case-series
#16
J C Wohlfahrt, B J Evensen, B Zeza, H Jansson, A Pilloni, A M Roos-Jansåker, G L Di Tanna, A M Aass, M Klepp, O C Koldsland
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect on peri-implant mucosal inflammation from the use of a novel instrument made of chitosan in the non-surgical treatment of mild peri-implantitis across several clinical centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this 6-month multicenter prospective consecutive case series performed in six different periodontal specialist clinics, 63 implants in 63 patients were finally included. The subjects had mild peri-implantitis defined as radiographic bone loss of 1-2 mm, pocket probing depth (PPD) ≥4 mm and a positive bleeding on probing (mBoP) score...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776105/improving-help-seeking-for-postnatal-depression-and-anxiety-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing
#17
Charlene Holt, Jeannette Milgrom, Alan W Gemmill
Low uptake of treatment by women with symptoms of postnatal depression and anxiety is consistently reported. This study examined whether a brief motivational interviewing (MI) intervention delivered by Maternal and Child Health Nurses (MCHNs) during routine emotional health assessments improves help-seeking following childbirth. In this parallel two-group cluster randomised controlled trial, MCHNs delivered a MI intervention ('PRIMER', n = 20) or Routine Care (n = 20) at women's (n = 541) postnatal consultations...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771981/there-is-more-to-perinatal-mental-health-care-than-depression-public-health-nurses-reported-engagement-and-competence-in-perinatal-mental-health-care
#18
Agnes Higgins, Carmel Downes, Margaret Carroll, Ailish Gill, Mark Monahan
AIM: To explore public health nurses' engagement, competence and education needs in relation to perinatal mental health care in Ireland. BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 15-25% of women will experience a mental health problem during or post pregnancy, either as a new problem or a reoccurrence of a pre-existing problem. Public Health Nurses, or their equivalent, are ideally positioned to support women's mental health and improve health outcomes for the woman and baby, yet little is known about their role and engagement with mental health issues, other than with postnatal depression...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771385/addressing-the-missing-part-of-evidence-based-practice-the-importance-of-respecting-clinical-judgment-in-the-process-of-adopting-a-new-screening-tool-for-postpartum-depression
#19
Vered Ben-David, Melissa Jonson-Reid, Ron Tompkins
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of nurse's clinical judgment in the uptake of an evidence-based tool assessing postpartum depression, the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale. Nurses in a home visitation program were being asked to regularly screen for postpartum depression. The screener was introduced as a new standard of practice for nurses. A qualitative investigation of the nurses' reactions in addition to an evidence-based screener was conducted. Prior to and during the implementation, several meetings were held with the nurses and the research team to discuss the nurses' experience with the tool...
August 3, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#20
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
57317
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"