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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592313/impact-of-community-initiated-kangaroo-mother-care-on-survival-of-low-birth-weight-infants-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Sarmila Mazumder, Sunita Taneja, Suresh Kumar Dalpath, Rakesh Gupta, Brinda Dube, Bireshwar Sinha, Kiran Bhatia, Sachiyo Yoshida, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Rajiv Bahl, Halvor Sommerfelt, Nita Bhandari, Jose Martines
BACKGROUND: Around 70% neonatal deaths occur in low birth weight (LBW) babies. Globally, 15% of babies are born with LBW. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) appears to be an effective way to reduce mortality and morbidity among LBW babies. KMC comprises of early and continuous skin-to-skin contact between mother and baby as well as exclusive breastfeeding. Evidence derived from hospital-based studies shows that KMC results in a 40% relative reduction in mortality, a 58% relative reduction in the risk of nosocomial infections or sepsis, shorter hospital stay, and a lower risk of lower respiratory tract infections in babies with birth weight <2000 g...
June 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587492/digits-and-narratives-of-the-experience-of-italian-families-facing-premature-births
#2
Maria Giulia Marini, Paola Chesi, Martina Bruscagnin, Monica Ceccatelli, Elisabetta Ruzzon
The objective of the research was to understand the experience of families living a premature birth and to outline the current care plan in Italy. The survey was addressed to 150 parents of children born under the 34th week of pregnancy. Topics of the investigation were the implications on their family, social and working contexts, determined through a questionnaire enriched by a collection of narratives. Written testimonies were clustered through a Narrative Medicine method and matched with quantitative information...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582313/outbreaks-in-the-neonatal-icu-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Julia Johnson, Caroline Quach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neonates in the neonatal ICU (NICU) are uniquely vulnerable to colonization and infection with pathogens such as multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacteria, which in turn are associated with increased infection-related morbidities and higher case-fatality rates. We reviewed the English, French, and German language literature published between 2015 and 2017, for reports of NICU outbreaks. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 39 outbreaks in NICUs were reported with Gram-negative bacteria (n = 21; 54%) causing most, and extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing organisms being the most frequent resistance mechanism reported (n = 5)...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574014/community-based-kangaroo-mother-care-for-low-birth-weight-babies-a-pilot-study
#4
Reeta Rasaily, K K Ganguly, M Roy, S N Vani, N Kharood, R Kulkarni, S Chauhan, S Swain, L Kanugo
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Kangaroo mother care (KMC - early continuous skin-to-skin contact between mother and infants) has been recommended as an alternative care for low birth weight infants. There is limited evidence in our country on KMC initiated at home. The present study was undertaken to study acceptability of KMC in different community settings. METHODS: A community-based pilot study was carried out at three sites in the States of Odisha, Gujarat and Maharashtra covering rural, urban and rural tribal population, respectively...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542897/osteoarthritis-in-two-marine-mammals-and-22-land-mammals-learning-from-skeletal-remains
#5
Korakot Nganvongpanit, Ratsadakorn Soponteerakul, Piyatida Kaewkumpai, Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Kittisak Buddhachat, Raksiri Nomsiri, Patcharaporn Kaewmong, Kongkiat Kittiwatanawong, Rachanchai Chawangwongsanukun, Taweepoke Angkawanish, Chatchote Thitaram, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh
The occurrence of osteoarthritis (OA) in marine mammals is still questionable. Here we investigated the prevalence of OA in marine (dolphin and dugong) and terrestrial mammals (Asian elephant, Asiatic buffalo, camel, cat, cattle, deer, dog, domestic goat, horse, human, hyena, impala, lion, Malayan tapir, Assam macaque, mule, pig, rabbit, red kangaroo, sheep, tiger and waterbuck). Skeletal remains obtained from five institutes were used as subjects; a total of 45 different parts (locations) of bones were observed for OA lesions...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534059/cryo-mesh-a-simple-alternative-cryopreservation-protocol
#6
B Funnekotter, E Bunn, R L Mancera
BACKGROUND: The continued development of new cryopreservation protocols has improved post-cryogenic success rates for a wide variety of plant species. Methods like the cryo-plate have proven beneficial in simplifying the cryopreservation procedure. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the practicality of a stainless steel mesh strip (cryo-mesh) for cryopreserving shoot tips from Anigozanthos viridis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Shoot tips of A. viridis (Kangaroo Paw) were precultured on 0...
March 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513087/kangaroo-mother-care-to-reduce-morbidity-and-mortality-in-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
Geraldine Mc Loughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490624/removal-of-an-apex-predator-initiates-a-trophic-cascade-that-extends-from-herbivores-to-vegetation-and-the-soil-nutrient-pool
#8
Timothy Morris, Mike Letnic
It is widely assumed that organisms at low trophic levels, particularly microbes and plants, are essential to basic services in ecosystems, such as nutrient cycling. In theory, apex predators' effects on ecosystems could extend to nutrient cycling and the soil nutrient pool by influencing the intensity and spatial organization of herbivory. Here, we take advantage of a long-term manipulation of dingo abundance across Australia's dingo-proof fence in the Strzelecki Desert to investigate the effects that removal of an apex predator has on herbivore abundance, vegetation and the soil nutrient pool...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484364/energy-homeostasis-in-monotremes
#9
REVIEW
Stewart C Nicol
In 1803, the French anatomist Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire decided that the newly described echidna and platypus should be placed in a separate order, the monotremes, intermediate between reptiles and mammals. The first physiological observations showed monotremes had low body temperatures and metabolic rates, and the consensus was that they were at a stage of physiological development intermediate between "higher mammals" and "lower vertebrates." Subsequent studies demonstrated that platypuses and echidnas are capable of close thermoregulation in the cold although less so under hot conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484148/plasma-endotoxin-activity-in-eastern-grey-kangaroos-macropus-giganteus-with-lumpy-jaw-disease
#10
Yukari Sotohira, Kazuyuki Suzuki, Marina Otsuka, Masakazu Tsuchiya, Toshio Shimamori, Yasunobu Nishi, Kenji Tsukano, Mitsuhiko Asakawa
Progressive pyogranulomatous osteomyelitis involving the mandible or maxilla of captive macropods, referred to as "Lumpy jaw disease (LJD)", is one of the most significant causes of illness and death in captive macropods. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between the severity of LJD and plasma endotoxin activity in kangaroos. Plasma samples obtained from moderate (n=24) and severe LJD (n=12), and healthy kangaroos (n=46), were diluted 1:20 in endotoxin-free water and heated to 80°C for 10 min...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481819/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#11
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444848/biologically-meaningful-scents-a-framework-for-understanding-predator-prey-research-across-disciplines
#12
Michael H Parsons, Raimund Apfelbach, Peter B Banks, Elissa Z Cameron, Chris R Dickman, Anke S K Frank, Menna E Jones, Ian S McGregor, Stuart McLean, Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Elisa E Sparrow, Daniel T Blumstein
Fear of predation is a universal motivator. Because predators hunt using stealth and surprise, there is a widespread ability among prey to assess risk from chemical information - scents - in their environment. Consequently, scents often act as particularly strong modulators of memory and emotions. Recent advances in ecological research and analytical technology are leading to novel ways to use this chemical information to create effective attractants, repellents and anti-anxiolytic compounds for wildlife managers, conservation biologists and health practitioners...
April 26, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403767/tick-borne-infectious-diseases-in-australia
#13
REVIEW
Stephen R Graves, John Stenos
Tick bites in Australia can lead to a variety of illnesses in patients. These include infection, allergies, paralysis, autoimmune disease, post-infection fatigue and Australian multisystem disorder. Rickettsial (Rickettsia spp.) infections (Queensland tick typhus, Flinders Island spotted fever and Australian spotted fever) and Q fever (Coxiella burnetii) are the only systemic bacterial infections that are known to be transmitted by tick bites in Australia. Three species of local ticks transmit bacterial infection following a tick bite: the paralysis tick (Ixodes holocyclus) is endemic on the east coast of Australia and causes Queensland tick typhus due to R...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359362/real-time-image-guided-nasogastric-feeding-tube-placement-a-case-series-using-kangaroo-with-iris-technology-in-an-icu
#14
Anna Mizzi, Silvano Cozzi, Luigi Beretta, Massimiliano Greco, Marco Braga
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary misplacement during the blind insertion of enteral feeding tubes is frequent, particularly in ventilated and neurologically impaired patients. This is probably the first clinical study using the Kangaroo Feeding Tube with IRIS technology (IRIS) which incorporates a camera designed to provide anatomic landmark visualization during insertion. The study aim was to evaluate IRIS performance during bedside gastric placement. METHODS: This is the first prospective study to collect data on the use of IRIS...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317278/species-traits-help-predict-small-mammal-responses-to-habitat%C3%A2-homogenization-by-an-invasive-grass
#15
Joseph P Ceradini, Anna D Chalfoun
Invasive plants can negatively affect native species, however, the strength, direction, and shape of responses may vary depending on the type of habitat alteration and the natural history of native species. To prioritize conservation of vulnerable species, it is therefore critical to effectively predict species' responses to invasive plants, which may be facilitated by a framework based on species' traits. We studied the population and community responses of small mammals and changes in habitat heterogeneity across a gradient of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) cover, a widespread invasive plant in North America...
March 20, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302942/stress-assessment-using-hair-cortisol-of-kangaroos-affected-by-the-lumpy-jaw-disease
#16
Yukari Sotohira, Kazuyuki Suzuki, Tadashi Sano, Chigusa Arai, Mitsuhiko Asakawa, Hideaki Hayashi
The aim of this study was to objectively assess stress of kangaroos affected by lumpy jaw disease (LJD) using plasma and hair cortisol concentrations. The plasma and hair samples were collected from kangaroos with LJD and healthy controls. Collected hair samples were extracted with methanol after washing with isopropanol, following which they were processed with the cortisol enzyme immunoassay kit. The plasma cortisol concentration of LJD animals tended to be higher than that of the control. Ventral hair cortisol, but not dorsal hair, of LJD animals was significantly higher than that of the control...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292543/the-impact-of-kangaroo-care-on-premature-infant-weight-gain
#17
REVIEW
Melvina Evereklian, Bobbie Posmontier
BACKGROUND: Preterm births occur among 11.4% of all live infant births. Without steady weight gain, premature infants may experience lengthy hospitalizations, neurodevelopmental deficits and hospital readmissions, which can increase the financial burden on the health care system and their families. The total U.S. health-related costs linked to preterm infant deliveries are estimated at $4.33 billion. Kangaroo care is a feasible practice that can improve preterm infant weight gain. However, this intervention is utilized less often throughout the U...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287756/early-expression-of-manual-lateralization-in-bipedal-marsupials
#18
Andrey Giljov, Karina Karenina, Janeane Ingram, Yegor Malashichev
Robust lateralization in forelimb use has recently been found in bipedal, but not quadrupedal, marsupial mammals. The link between bipedality and handedness, occurring in both marsupials and primates, remains to be investigated. To shed light on the developmental origins of marsupial manual lateralization, infants of macropod marsupials were examined before and shortly after the acquisition of habitual bipedal posture and locomotion. Forelimb preferences were assessed in natural, not artificially evoked, behaviors of infant red-necked wallaby in the wild and infant eastern gray kangaroo in free-ranging captivity...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274153/role-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-growth-and-breast-feeding-rates-in-very-low-birth-weight-vlbw-neonates-a-systematic-review
#19
Deepak Sharma, Nazanin Farahbakhsh, Sweta Sharma, Pradeep Sharma, Akash Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of kangaroo mother care (KMC) on growth and breast feeding rates in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was done to identify eligible studies using various electronic database searches including PubMed and EMBASE, various Web of Science including Scopus, Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Thomson Reuters (ESCI), Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), SCIWIN (Scientific World Index), Google Scholar, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information System (LILACS), Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR), Index Medicus for the South-East Asian Region (IMSEAR), and Western Pacific Region Index Medicus (WPRIM) and various clinical trial registries...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264615/maternal-perceptions-and-factors-affecting-kangaroo-mother-care-continuum-at-home-a-descriptive-study
#20
R Raajashri, B Adhisivam, B Vishnu Bhat, C Palanivel
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of mothers who continued to practice Kangaroo mother care (KMC) at home and evaluate potential factors influencing this practice. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital in south India. Mothers of preterm and low birth weight infants were trained in KMC during hospital stay. During follow up after 45 days, data regarding their perceptions and the practice of KMC at home and the factors influencing them were collected using questionnaires...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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