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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622026/evidence-of-the-factors-that-influence-the-utilisation-of-kangaroo-mother-care-by-parents-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-a-scoping-review-protocol
#1
Christina T Mathias, Solange Mianda, Themba G Ginindza
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 emphasises on reducing neonatal deaths caused by low birth weight (LBW) complications by the implementation and utilisation of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite the empirical evidence of KMC optimising low-birth-weight infants' (LBWIs') survival, its advantages and the LMICs implementing the service, studies have shown that LBW infant deaths occurring in LMICs are largely contributing to global child mortality...
April 5, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621260/reassembling-haplotypes-in-a-mixture-of-pooled-amplicons-when-the-relative-concentrations-are-known-a-proof-of-concept-study-on-the-efficient-design-of-next-generation-sequencing-strategies
#2
Louis Ranjard, Thomas K F Wong, Allen G Rodrigo
Next-generation sequencing can be costly and labour intensive. Usually, the sequencing cost per sample is reduced by pooling amplified DNA = amplicons) derived from different individuals on the same sequencing lane. Barcodes unique to each amplicon permit short-read sequences to be assigned appropriately. However, the cost of the library preparation increases with the number of barcodes used. We propose an alternative to barcoding: by using different known proportions of individually-derived amplicons in a pooled sample, each is characterised a priori by an expected depth of coverage...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619393/a-comparative-study-of-maternal-neonate-abdominal-and-kangaroo-skin-to-skin-skin-contact-immediately-after-birth-on-maternal-attachment-behaviors-up-to-2-months
#3
Mohadse Adeli, Maryam Aradmehr
BACKGROUND: Early skin-to-skin maternal-neonate contact during the 1st h following birth prepares both mother and baby to establish a two-way, interactive pattern of interaction. There are few studies on the use of kangaroo care method in term infants and maternal postpartum behavior. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to compare abdominal and kangaroo skin contact on maternal attachment behaviors. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This single-blind randomized clinical trial was performed on 68 eligible pregnant women in Torbat Heydariyeh in 2015...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618519/genetic-diversity-and-drivers-of-dwarfism-in-extinct-island-emu-populations
#4
Vicki A Thomson, Kieren J Mitchell, Rolan Eberhard, Joe Dortch, Jeremy J Austin, Alan Cooper
Australia's iconic emu ( Dromaius novaehollandiae novaehollandiae ) is the only living representative of its genus, but fossil evidence and reports from early European explorers suggest that three island forms (at least two of which were dwarfs) became extinct during the nineteenth century. While one of these-the King Island emu-has been found to be conspecific with Australian mainland emus, little is known about how the other two forms-Kangaroo Island and Tasmanian emus-relate to the others, or even the size of Tasmanian emus...
April 2018: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603791/observation-study-showed-that-the-continuity-of-skin-to-skin-contact-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-uganda-was-sub-optimal
#5
Heather C Watkins, Melissa C Morgan, Harriet Nambuya, Peter Waiswa, Joy E Lawn
AIM: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a safe and effective method of reducing neonatal mortality in resource-limited settings, but there has been a lack of data on the duration of skin-to-skin contact (SSC) in busy, low-resource newborn units. Previous studies of intermittent KMC suggest the duration of SSC ranged from 10 minutes to 17 hours per day. METHODS: This was an observational study of newborn infants born weighing less than 2,000 grams, which collected quantitative data on SSC over the first week after birth...
March 30, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595553/finding-my-way-a-phenomenology-of-fathering-in-the-nicu
#6
Rebecca M Logan, Sharon Dormire
BACKGROUND: Historically, the relationship between infant and mother in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has been the main focus of parenting research, leaving a gap in the literature regarding the paternal experience. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the lived experience of fathering an infant born at less than 28 weeks' gestation admitted to a level III NICU. METHODS: Seven fathers of premature infants (25-27 weeks' gestation) participated in a semistructured interview about the experience of becoming a father to a premature infant at least 1 to 2 weeks after the NICU admission...
April 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571821/care-of-the-growth-restricted-newborn
#7
REVIEW
Bianca Carducci, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
With the first 1,000 days of life proving to be a critical window of opportunity for physical and cognitive growth and development, an optimal intrauterine environment is vital. If fetus needs are compromised prenatally, there is an increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and infants being born premature, low birth weight (LBW), or small-for-gestational age (SGA). Specialized care of these high-risk infants is necessary in terms of preconception interventions, resuscitation, thermoregulation, nutritional support and kangaroo mother care...
February 26, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568703/curious-creatures-a-multi-taxa-investigation-of-responses-to-novelty-in-a-zoo-environment
#8
Belinda A Hall, Vicky Melfi, Alicia Burns, David M McGill, Rebecca E Doyle
The personality trait of curiosity has been shown to increase welfare in humans. If this positive welfare effect is also true for non-humans, animals with high levels of curiosity may be able to cope better with stressful situations than their conspecifics. Before discoveries can be made regarding the effect of curiosity on an animal's ability to cope in their environment, a way of measuring curiosity across species in different environments must be created to standardise testing. To determine the suitability of novel objects in testing curiosity, species from different evolutionary backgrounds with sufficient sample sizes were chosen...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548456/effects-of-macro-nutrient-micro-nutrient-composition-and-cooking-conditions-on-in-vitro-digestibility-of-meat-and-aquatic-dietary-proteins
#9
Jiaqiang Luo, Cheryl Taylor, Thomas Nebl, Ken Ng, Louise E Bennett
Animal and aquatic meats represent important sources of dietary protein and micro-nutrients. Although red and processed meats carry some risks for human health, sensory and nutritional advantages drive meat consumption. Therefore, it is important to understand how meat processing and cooking influence healthiness. The research aim was to investigate relationships of meat composition (proximates, amino acids and minerals) and cooking conditions (raw, 90 s microwave, 200 °C oven for 10 or 30 min) on protein digestibility, for a selection of four animal (beef, chicken, pork, kangaroo) and four aquatic meats (salmon, trout, prawn, oyster)...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499685/kangaroo-mother-care-using-formative-research-to-design-an-acceptable-community-intervention
#10
Sarmila Mazumder, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Zelee Hill, Sunita Taneja, Brinda Dube, Jasmine Kaur, Medha Shekhar, Runa Ghosh, Shruti Bisht, Jose Carlos Martines, Rajiv Bahl, Halvor Sommerfelt, Nita Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries (LMICs), including India, contribute to a major proportion of low birth weight (LBW) infants globally. These infants require special care. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in hospitals is a cost effective and efficacious intervention. In institutional deliveries, the duration of facility stay is often short. In LMICs, a substantial proportion of deliveries still occur at home and access to health care services is limited. In these circumstances, a pragmatic choice may be to initiate KMC at home for LBW babies...
March 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498896/steroidal-saponin-toxicity-in-eastern-grey-kangaroos-macropus-giganteus-a-novel-clinicopathologic-presentation-of-hepatogenous-photosensitization
#11
Chloe A Steventon, Shane R Raidal, Jane C Quinn, Andrew Peters
We describe the clinicopathologic features of a mortality event characterized by blindness and dermatitis affecting eastern grey kangaroos ( Macropus giganteus), secondary to hepatogenous photosensitization. Affected animals exhibited photophobic behavior, blindness, ataxia, recumbency, lethargy, ear shaking, and behavior consistent with distress or depression. The photophobia manifested as abnormal shade-seeking during the day, including finding refuge under or in structures used frequently by people. Severely affected kangaroos were jaundiced and had markedly elevated serum bilirubin and gamma glutamyl-transpeptidase concentrations...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497509/kangaroo-mother-care-for-clinically-unstable-neonates-weighing-%C3%A2-2000-g-is-it-feasible-at-a-hospital-in-uganda
#12
Melissa C Morgan, Harriet Nambuya, Peter Waiswa, Cally Tann, Diana Elbourne, Janet Seeley, Elizabeth Allen, Joy E Lawn
Background: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) for stable neonates ≤2000 g (g) is associated with decreased mortality, sepsis, hypothermia, and length of stay compared to conventional care. The World Health Organization states that KMC "should be initiated… as soon as newborns are clinically stable " [12]. However, the majority of deaths occur in unstable neonates. We aimed to determine the proportion of admitted neonates meeting proposed instability criteria, assess the feasibility of providing KMC to unstable neonates, and evaluate the acceptability of this intervention to parents and providers at Jinja Regional Referral Hospital in Uganda...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479685/in-this-issue-march-2018-drug-testing-and-occupational-exposure-to-ketamine-%C3%A2-routine-meat-inspection-in-sheep-%C3%A2-pre-milking-teat-disinfection-%C3%A2-repair-of-splint-fractures-in-horses-%C3%A2-spontaneous-remission-of-feline-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-%C3%A2-laparoscopic-ovariectomy
#13
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479680/laparoscopic-ovariectomy-in-eastern-grey-kangaroos-macropus-giganteus-and-red-kangaroos-macropus-rufus
#14
S A Colgan, L A Green
OBJECTIVE: To develop a technique for permanent sterilisation of female eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) and red kangaroos (M. rufus) as part of a large-scale macropod management program on an enclosed 1545-ha site in western Sydney. METHODS: Free-ranging female kangaroos (n = 1409: 1285 eastern grey kangaroos, 124 red kangaroos) were anaesthetised via remote anaesthetic drug delivery of tiletamine/zolazepam, medetomidine and acepromazine prior to inhalational anaesthesia using isoflurane-oxygen...
March 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472198/kangaroo-mother-care-for-the-prevention-of-neonatal-hypothermia-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-term-neonates
#15
Manimaran Ramani, Eunjoo A Choe, Meggin Major, Rebecca Newton, Musaku Mwenechanya, Colm P Travers, Elwyn Chomba, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Waldemar A Carlo
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that kangaroo mother care (KMC) initiated either at birth or at 1 hour after birth reduces moderate or severe hypothermia in term neonates at (A) 1 hour after birth and (B) at discharge when compared with standard thermoregulation care. METHODS: Term neonates born at a tertiary delivery centre in Zambia were randomised in two phases (phase 1: birth to 1 hour, phase 2: 1 hour to discharge) to either as much KMC as possible in combination with standard thermoregulation care (KMC group) or to standard thermoregulation care (control group)...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450906/factors-affecting-the-occurrence-of-enteritis-in-10-to-12-month-old-eastern-grey-kangaroos-macropus-giganteus
#16
Nobuhide Kido, Sohei Tanaka, Yuko Wada, Sumito Sato
Eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) younger than 19 months at Kanazawa Zoological Gardens, Japan, frequently died of enteritis. The main cause of death was coccidiosis. This study aimed to reveal retrospectively the clinical features of enteritis and factors contributing to its high occurrence. In addition, haematological and serum biochemical parameters in kangaroos younger than 24 months were analyzed. The findings suggested that enteritis occurrence was higher in 10- to 12-month-old kangaroos than other ages and during seasons with high temperature and humidity than during seasons with low temperature and humidity...
February 16, 2018: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445072/molar-eruption-and-identification-of-the-eastern-grey-kangaroo-macropus-giganteus-at-different-ages
#17
Nobuhide Kido, Sohei Tanaka, Yuko Wada, Sumito Sato, Tomoko Omiya
To treat dental disorders and estimate age, it is important that veterinarians understand teeth eruption sequence for the animal in question. Few dental images of the eastern grey kangaroo have been published. In the present study, radiographic imagings of 29 kangaroos, ranging in age from 12 months to 10 years 9 months, was used to surveil the replacement of premolars and the eruption of molars. These images revealed eruption patterns in five stages, while the second and third deciduous premolars were shed non-systematically...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439876/identification-of-theileria-fuliginosa-like-species-in-ixodes-australiensis-ticks-from-western-grey-kangaroos-macropus-fuliginosus-in-western-australia
#18
Siew-May Loh, Andrea Paparini, Una Ryan, Peter Irwin, Charlotte Oskam
Piroplasms, including the genera Babesia and Theileria, are intra-erythrocytic protozoa that are generally transmitted by ticks and are the aetiological agents for piroplasmosis in animals, as well as humans, worldwide. In Australia, numerous studies have been conducted on piroplasms in domestic animals; however, less is known about these protozoa in ticks from native wildlife. The present study characterised piroplasms in Ixodes australiensis (n = 119) and Amblyomma triguttatum (n = 35) ticks collected from kangaroos in Western Australia (WA)...
February 8, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428919/randomized-control-trial-comparing-pain-control-interventions-in-preterm-neonates
#19
Vivek V Shukla, Satvik Bansal, Archana Nimbalkar, Apurva Chapla, Ajay Phatak, Dipen Patel, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
OBJECTIVE: To compare individual efficacy and additive effects of pain control interventions in preterm neonates. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Level-3 University affiliated neonatal intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: 200 neonates (26-36 weeks gestational age) requiring heel-stick for bedside glucose assessment. Exclusion criteria were neurologic impairment and critical illness precluding study interventions...
February 9, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377735/the-long-term-effects-of-the-kangaroo-mother-care-intervention-on-cognitive-functioning-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Stéphanie Ropars, Réjean Tessier, Nathalie Charpak, Luis Felipe Uriza
This study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) intervention on the intellectual and attentional functioning of young adults born with low birth weight. Three hundred infants were randomly assigned at birth in one of two interventions, KMC or traditional care (TC), and completed cognitive tests at adulthood (19-21 years after recruitment). The main results show that participants with a neurological vulnerability at 6 months had higher IQ and sustained attention scores at adulthood if they had received KMC than if they had received TC...
January 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
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