keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Kangaroo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806735/molecular-characterization-and-multi-locus-genotypes-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-from-captive-red-kangaroos-macropus-rfus-in-jiangsu-province-china
#1
Zhijun Zhong, Yinan Tian, Yuan Song, Lei Deng, Junxian Li, Zhihua Ren, Xiaoping Ma, Xiaobin Gu, Changliang He, Yi Geng, Guangneng Peng
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most common pathogen of microsporidian species infecting humans worldwide. Although E. bieneusi has been found in a variety of animal hosts, information on the presence of E. bieneusi in captive kangaroos in China is limited. The present study was aimed at determining the occurrence and genetic diversity of E. bieneusi in captive kangaroos. A total of 61 fecal specimens (38 from red kangaroos and 23 from grey kangaroos) were collected from Nanjing Hongshan Forest Zoo and Hongshan Kangaroo Breeding Research Base, Jiangsu province, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801719/the-phospholipid-composition-of-kangaroo-spermatozoa-verified-by-mass-spectrometric-lipid-analysis
#2
Kathrin M Engel, Jürgen Schiller, Karin Müller, Dirk Dannenberger, Ulrike Jakop
Cryopreservation of kangaroo sperm has not been successful so far, and yet there is no promising cryopreservation protocol for these cells available. However, conservation of gametes is extremely important, particularly in the context of preserving endangered species. As spermatozoa are comprised of different membrane systems, the composition of these membranes might account for difficulties in cryopreservation. Lipids, as the main components, affect the physical properties of biological membranes and play a major role in sperm maturation...
August 11, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771408/promoting-early-child-development-with-interventions-in-health-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
CONTEXT: Although effective health and nutrition interventions for reducing child mortality and morbidity exist, direct evidence of effects on cognitive, motor, and psychosocial development is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To review existing evidence for health and nutrition interventions affecting direct measures of (and pathways to) early child development. DATA SOURCES: Reviews and recent overviews of interventions across the continuum of care and component studies...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767648/across-the-indian-ocean-a-remarkable-example-of-trans-oceanic-dispersal-in-an-austral-mygalomorph-spider
#4
Sophie E Harrison, Mark S Harvey, Steve J B Cooper, Andrew D Austin, Michael G Rix
The Migidae are a family of austral trapdoor spiders known to show a highly restricted and disjunct distribution pattern. Here, we aim to investigate the phylogeny and historical biogeography of the group, which was previously thought to be vicariant in origin, and examine the biogeographic origins of the genus Moggridgea using a dated multi-gene phylogeny. Moggridgea specimens were sampled from southern Australia and Africa, and Bertmainus was sampled from Western Australia. Sanger sequencing methods were used to generate a robust six marker molecular dataset consisting of the nuclear genes 18S rRNA, 28S rRNA, ITS rRNA, XPNPEP3 and H3 and the mitochondrial gene COI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738711/study-comparing-kangaroo-ward-care-with-intermediate-intensive-care-for-improving-the-growth-outcome-and-cost-effectiveness-randomized-control-trial
#5
Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki, Tejo Pratap Oleti
AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare growth outcome and cost effectiveness of "Kangaroo ward care" (KWC) with "Intermediate intensive care" (IIC) in stable infants with birth weight 1000 g to <1100 g. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this secondary analysis, we included 79 infants, with birth weight 1000 g to <1100 g. Thirty-eight were randomized to KWC and 41 to IIC group once the infant reached a weight of 1150 g. Infants in the KWC group were shifted to Kangaroo ward immediately after randomization and in the IIC group received IIC care till they attained a weight of 1250 g before shifting to Kangaroo Ward...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720290/how-to-improve-sleep-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review
#6
Agnes van den Hoogen, Charlotte J Teunis, Renée A Shellhaas, Sigrid Pillen, Manon Benders, Jeroen Dudink
There is increasing evidence that sleep plays a major role in the development of neural pathways in the neonatal brain. Several studies have suggested evidence-based approaches to improve sleep for infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU); however, in many neonatal centers very few of these strategies seem to be implemented in routine care. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature to determine interventions promoting neonatal sleep on the NICU, in order to develop key guidelines to improve neonatal sleep...
July 15, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716681/mri-magic-angle-effect-in-femorotibial-cartilages-of-the-red-kangaroo
#7
Tonima S Ali, Namal Thibbotuwawa, YuanTong Gu, Konstantin I Momot
OBJECTIVE: Kangaroo knee cartilages are robust tissues that can support knee flexion and endure high levels of compressive stress. This study aimed to develop a detailed understanding of the collagen architecture in kangaroo knee cartilages and thus obtain insights into the biophysical basis of their function. DESIGN: Cylindrical/square plugs from femoral and tibial hyaline cartilage and tibial fibrocartilage were excised from the knees of three adult red kangaroos...
July 15, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697818/speciation-in-the-genus-cloacina-nematoda-strongylida-species-flocks-and-intra-host-speciation
#8
N B Chilton, M A Shuttleworth, F Huby-Chilton, A V Koehler, A Jabbar, R B Gasser, I Beveridge
Sequences of the first and second internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 + ITS2) of nuclear ribosomal DNA were employed to determine whether the congeneric assemblages of species of the strongyloid nematode genus Cloacina, found in the forestomachs of individual species of kangaroos and wallabies (Marsupialia: Macropodidae), considered to represent species flocks, were monophyletic. Nematode assemblages examined in the black-striped wallaby, Macropus (Notamacropus) dorsalis, the wallaroos, Macropus (Osphranter) antilopinus/robustus, rock wallabies, Petrogale spp...
July 12, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691610/evidence-suggests-that-kangaroo-mother-care-improves-premature-infant-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The British Association of Perinatal Medicine ( 2016 ) has reported that 60,000-70,000 infants a year require neonatal intervention in the UK, or about 10% of all babies born in England. The World Health Organization ( 2015 ) found a 0% decrease in mortality rates in neonatal units worldwide through the adoption of KMC.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691609/kangaroo-care-for-low-birthweight-infants
#10
(no author information available yet)
Background Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as early, continuous and prolonged kin-to-skin contact between mother and baby.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682615/phytochemical-studies-on-two-australian-anigozanthos-plant-species
#11
Rudi Hendra, Paul A Keller
Phytochemical studies of two Australian Anigozanthos (kangaroo paw) species, A. rufus and A. pulcherrimus, resulted in the identification of 13 secondary metabolites. 2-Amino-6-O-p-coumarylheptanedioic acid (3) and chalcone-5'-O-(4-O-p-coumaryl)-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (12) are reported as new compounds and are accompanied by nine flavonoids (2, 5-11, 13) and two anthocyanins (1, 4). Compounds 1 and 4 were isolated as red solids from A. rufus and are likely responsible for the coloration of the flowers. Compounds 1, 3, and 6 showed weak antimicrobial activities against Acinetobacter baumannii ATCC 19606 at concentrations of 52...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680452/vertical-leaping-mechanics-of-the-lesser-egyptian-jerboa-reveal-specialization-for-maneuverability-rather-than-elastic-energy-storage
#12
Talia Y Moore, Alberto M Rivera, Andrew A Biewener
BACKGROUND: Numerous historical descriptions of the Lesser Egyptian jerboa, Jaculus jaculus, a small bipedal mammal with elongate hindlimbs, make special note of their extraordinary leaping ability. We observed jerboa locomotion in a laboratory setting and performed inverse dynamics analysis to understand how this small rodent generates such impressive leaps. We combined kinematic data from video, kinetic data from a force platform, and morphometric data from dissections to calculate the relative contributions of each hindlimb muscle and tendon to the total movement...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592313/impact-of-community-initiated-kangaroo-mother-care-on-survival-of-low-birth-weight-infants-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Sarmila Mazumder, Sunita Taneja, Suresh Kumar Dalpath, Rakesh Gupta, Brinda Dube, Bireshwar Sinha, Kiran Bhatia, Sachiyo Yoshida, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Rajiv Bahl, Halvor Sommerfelt, Nita Bhandari, Jose Martines
BACKGROUND: Around 70% neonatal deaths occur in low birth weight (LBW) babies. Globally, 15% of babies are born with LBW. Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) appears to be an effective way to reduce mortality and morbidity among LBW babies. KMC comprises of early and continuous skin-to-skin contact between mother and baby as well as exclusive breastfeeding. Evidence derived from hospital-based studies shows that KMC results in a 40% relative reduction in mortality, a 58% relative reduction in the risk of nosocomial infections or sepsis, shorter hospital stay, and a lower risk of lower respiratory tract infections in babies with birth weight <2000 g...
June 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587492/digits-and-narratives-of-the-experience-of-italian-families-facing-premature-births
#14
Maria Giulia Marini, Paola Chesi, Martina Bruscagnin, Monica Ceccatelli, Elisabetta Ruzzon
The objective of the research was to understand the experience of families living a premature birth and to outline the current care plan in Italy. The survey was addressed to 150 parents of children born under the 34th week of pregnancy. Topics of the investigation were the implications on their family, social and working contexts, determined through a questionnaire enriched by a collection of narratives. Written testimonies were clustered through a Narrative Medicine method and matched with quantitative information...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582313/outbreaks-in-the-neonatal-icu-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Julia Johnson, Caroline Quach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neonates in the neonatal ICU (NICU) are uniquely vulnerable to colonization and infection with pathogens such as multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacteria, which in turn are associated with increased infection-related morbidities and higher case-fatality rates. We reviewed the English, French, and German language literature published between 2015 and 2017, for reports of NICU outbreaks. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 39 outbreaks in NICUs were reported with Gram-negative bacteria (n = 21; 54%) causing most, and extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing organisms being the most frequent resistance mechanism reported (n = 5)...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574014/community-based-kangaroo-mother-care-for-low-birth-weight-babies-a-pilot-study
#16
Reeta Rasaily, K K Ganguly, M Roy, S N Vani, N Kharood, R Kulkarni, S Chauhan, S Swain, L Kanugo
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Kangaroo mother care (KMC - early continuous skin-to-skin contact between mother and infants) has been recommended as an alternative care for low birth weight infants. There is limited evidence in our country on KMC initiated at home. The present study was undertaken to study acceptability of KMC in different community settings. METHODS: A community-based pilot study was carried out at three sites in the States of Odisha, Gujarat and Maharashtra covering rural, urban and rural tribal population, respectively...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542897/osteoarthritis-in-two-marine-mammals-and-22-land-mammals-learning-from-skeletal-remains
#17
Korakot Nganvongpanit, Ratsadakorn Soponteerakul, Piyatida Kaewkumpai, Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Kittisak Buddhachat, Raksiri Nomsiri, Patcharaporn Kaewmong, Kongkiat Kittiwatanawong, Rachanchai Chawangwongsanukun, Taweepoke Angkawanish, Chatchote Thitaram, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh
The occurrence of osteoarthritis (OA) in marine mammals is still questionable. Here we investigated the prevalence of OA in marine (dolphin and dugong) and terrestrial mammals (Asian elephant, Asiatic buffalo, camel, cat, cattle, deer, dog, domestic goat, horse, human, hyena, impala, lion, Malayan tapir, Assam macaque, mule, pig, rabbit, red kangaroo, sheep, tiger and waterbuck). Skeletal remains obtained from five institutes were used as subjects; a total of 45 different parts (locations) of bones were observed for OA lesions...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534059/cryo-mesh-a-simple-alternative-cryopreservation-protocol
#18
B Funnekotter, E Bunn, R L Mancera
BACKGROUND: The continued development of new cryopreservation protocols has improved post-cryogenic success rates for a wide variety of plant species. Methods like the cryo-plate have proven beneficial in simplifying the cryopreservation procedure. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the practicality of a stainless steel mesh strip (cryo-mesh) for cryopreserving shoot tips from Anigozanthos viridis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Shoot tips of A. viridis (Kangaroo Paw) were precultured on 0...
March 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513087/kangaroo-mother-care-to-reduce-morbidity-and-mortality-in-low-birth-weight-infants
#19
Geraldine Mc Loughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490624/removal-of-an-apex-predator-initiates-a-trophic-cascade-that-extends-from-herbivores-to-vegetation-and-the-soil-nutrient-pool
#20
Timothy Morris, Mike Letnic
It is widely assumed that organisms at low trophic levels, particularly microbes and plants, are essential to basic services in ecosystems, such as nutrient cycling. In theory, apex predators' effects on ecosystems could extend to nutrient cycling and the soil nutrient pool by influencing the intensity and spatial organization of herbivory. Here, we take advantage of a long-term manipulation of dingo abundance across Australia's dingo-proof fence in the Strzelecki Desert to investigate the effects that removal of an apex predator has on herbivore abundance, vegetation and the soil nutrient pool...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
keyword
keyword
57301
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"