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Deaths in preweaned lambs associated with administering oral minerals containing copperCongenital malformations in calvesIdiopathic necrotising enteritis in calvesAbomasal obstruction due to trichobezoars in suckled calvesRadial neuropathy (kangaroo gait) in a ewe These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for July 2016 from SAC Consulting: Veterinary Services (SAC C VS).
October 22, 2016: Veterinary Record
Nathalie Charpak, Juan Gabriel Ruiz
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a human-based care intervention devised to complement neonatal care for low birth weight and premature infants. Kangaroo position (skin-to-skin contact on the mother's chest) offers thermal regulation, physiological stability, appropriate stimulation and enhances bonding and breastfeeding. Kangaroo nutrition is based on breastfeeding and kangaroo discharge policy relies on family empowerment and early discharge in kangaroo position with close ambulatory follow-up. We describe how the evidence has been developed, and how it has been put into practice by means of direct preterm infants care and dissemination of the method, including training of KMC excellence centers in many countries not only in Latin America but worldwide...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
R Pineda, R Guth, A Herring, L Reynolds, S Oberle, J Smith
OBJECTIVE: Very preterm infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience alterations in sensory experiences. Defining types, timing and frequency of sensory-based interventions that optimize outcomes can inform environmental modifications. The objective of this study was to conduct an integrative review on sensory-based interventions used with very preterm infants in the NICU to improve infant and parent outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: The data sources include MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Francisco Ceacero, Andrés J García, Tomás Landete-Castillejos, Martina Komárková, Francisco Hidalgo, Martina P Serrano, Laureano Gallego
In undomesticated animals information about the production and composition of milk over time is still scarce. In general, for most mammals it is known that milk composition changes across lactation, is different for male and female offspring, and even that marsupials, such as kangaroos, can simultaneously produce milk of different compositions for young of different ages. Such parallel milk production of differing compositions has not yet been studied in single-offspring placental mammals, but may help to explain behavioural processes like allosuckling (feeding the young of other adults) and lateralized suckling preferences...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
Sriram Balasubramanian, James R Peters, Lucy F Robinson, Anita Singh, Richard W Kent
PURPOSE: Based on the structural anatomy, loading condition and range of motion (ROM), no quadruped animal has been shown to accurately mimic the structure and biomechanical function of the human spine. The objective of this study is to quantify the thoracic vertebrae geometry of the kangaroo, and compare with adult human, pig, sheep, and deer. METHODS: The thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12) from whole body CT scans of ten juvenile kangaroos (ages 11-14 months) were digitally reconstructed and geometric dimensions of the vertebral bodies, endplates, pedicles, spinal canal, processes, facets and intervertebral discs were recorded...
October 4, 2016: European Spine Journal
D R Kommers, Mac Broeren, P Andriessen, S G Oei, L Feijs, S Bambang Oetomo
AIM: This study assessed the feasibility and obtrusiveness of measuring salivary oxytocin in preterm infants receiving Kangaroo care, because this is a period of maximal bonding or co-regulation. We also analysed possible influential determinants, including maternal oxytocin. METHODS: The saliva of preterm infants and their mothers was collected prior to, and during, Kangaroo care using cotton swabs and pooled into vials until sufficient volumes were obtained to measure oxytocin levels using a radioimmunoassay...
September 26, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Casey Visintin, Rodney van der Ree, Michael A McCarthy
Collisions of vehicles with wildlife kill and injure animals and are also a risk to vehicle occupants, but preventing these collisions is challenging. Surveys to identify problem areas are expensive and logistically difficult. Computer modeling has identified correlates of collisions, yet these can be difficult for managers to interpret in a way that will help them reduce collision risk. We introduce a novel method to predict collision risk by modeling hazard (presence and movement of vehicles) and exposure (animal presence) across geographic space...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Jennifer A Callaghan-Koru, Abiy Seifu Estifanos, Ephrem Daniel Sheferaw, Joseph de Graft-Johnson, Carina Rosado, Rachel Patton-Molitors, Bogale Worku, Barbara Rawlins, Abdullah Baqui
AIM: To assess the effects of a facility and community newborn intervention package on coverage of early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) and exclusive breastfeeding-the therapeutic aspects of kangaroo mother care. METHODS: A multilevel community and facility intervention in Ethiopia trained health workers in 10 health centers and the surrounding communities to promote early SSC and exclusive breastfeeding for all babies born at home or the facility. Changes in SSC and exclusive breastfeeding were assessed by comparing baseline and endline household surveys...
September 19, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Maria Lorella Giannì, Patrizio Sannino, Elena Bezze, Carmela Comito, Laura Plevani, Paola Roggero, Massimo Agosti, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: Feeding difficulties frequently occur in preterm infants, thus contributing to delayed growth and hospital discharge. AIMS: To evaluate the effect of Kangaroo mother care implementation and parental involvement in infants' feeding on the timing of achievement of full oral feeding in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational, single-centre study. SUBJECTS: A total of 81 infants born at a gestational age ≤32weeks, consecutively admitted to a tertiary neonatal unit between June 2014 and May 2015...
August 31, 2016: Early Human Development
G P Liney, B Dong, J Begg, P Vial, K Zhang, F Lee, A Walker, R Rai, T Causer, S J Alnaghy, B M Oborn, L Holloway, P Metcalfe, M Barton, S Crozier, P Keall
PURPOSE: The pursuit of real-time image guided radiotherapy using optimal tissue contrast has seen the development of several hybrid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-treatment systems, high field and low field, and inline and perpendicular configurations. As part of a new MRI-linac program, an MRI scanner was integrated with a linear accelerator to enable investigations of a coupled inline MRI-linac system. This work describes results from a prototype experimental system to demonstrate the feasibility of a high field inline MR-linac...
September 2016: Medical Physics
Wesley R Hauser, Sigrid R Heise-Pavlov
The involvement of communities into ecological studies has been shown to augment conservation efforts, especially for cryptic species. However, there is a lack of studies addressing the utility of incidental sighting records from community members in gaining knowledge on habitat preferences and distribution of suitable habitat for these organisms. This study compares preferences of the Lumholtz's tree kangaroo (Dendrolagus lumholtzi; LTK), a cryptic rainforest folivore in North-Eastern Australia, for various habitat and climatic variables derived from data collected during scientific projects to those derived from incidental sighting records using ArcGIS and Maxent...
September 2, 2016: Integrative Zoology
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: The introduction of implementation science into maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) research has facilitated better methods to improve uptake of research findings into practices. With increase in implementation research related to MNCH world-wide, stronger scientific evidence are now available and have improved MNCH policies in many countries including Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to review MNCH implementation studies undertaken in Nigeria in order to understand the extent the evidence generated informed better policy...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki, Oleti Tejo Pratap
UNLABELLED: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) reduces neonatal mortality, neonatal sepsis and improves growth outcome in preterm infants. In this study, we compared the efficacy of "baby care in kangaroo ward (KWC)" with "baby care in intermediate intensive care (IIC)" in stable preterm infants (birth weight <1100 g) for improving the growth velocity till term corrected age. One hundred and forty-one infants were randomized to KWC (n = 71) or IIC (n = 70) once the infant reached a weight of 1150 g...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Agustin Conde-Agudelo, José L Díaz-Rossello
BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC), originally defined as skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her newborn, frequent and exclusive or nearly exclusive breastfeeding, and early discharge from hospital, has been proposed as an alternative to conventional neonatal care for low birthweight (LBW) infants. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether evidence is available to support the use of KMC in LBW infants as an alternative to conventional neonatal care before or after the initial period of stabilization with conventional care, and to assess beneficial and adverse effects...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
James Flint, Craig B Dalton, Tony D Merritt, Stephen Graves, John K Ferguson, Maggi Osbourn, Keith Eastwood, David N Durrheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
Veronique Pierrat, Anaëlle Coquelin, Marina Cuttini, Babak Khoshnood, Isabelle Glorieux, Olivier Claris, Mélanie Durox, Monique Kaminski, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Catherine Arnaud
OBJECTIVES: To describe the implementation of neurodevelopmental care for newborn preterm infants in neonatal ICUs in France in 2011, analyze changes since 2004, and investigate factors associated with practice. DESIGN: Prospective national cohort study of all births before 32 weeks of gestation. SETTING: Twenty-five French regions. PARTICIPANTS: All neonatal ICUs (n = 66); neonates surviving at discharge (n = 3,005)...
October 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Philip S Bird, Darren J Trott, Deirdre Mikkelsen, Gabriel J Milinovich, Kristine M Hillman, Paul C Burrell, Linda L Blackall
An obligatory anaerobic, Gram-negative cocco-bacillus with black-pigmented colonies was isolated from the oral cavity of selected Australian marsupial species. Phenotypic andmolecular criteria showed that this bacterium was a distinct species within the genus of Porphyromonas, and closely related to Porphyromonas gingivalis and Porphyromonas gulae. This putative novel species and P. gulae could be differentiated from P. gingivalis by catalase activity. Further characterisation by multi-locus enzyme electrophoresis of glutamate dehydrogenase and malate dehydrogenase enzyme mobility and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis showed that this putative new species could be differentiated phenotypically from P...
August 10, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Sarah Gregson, Jean Meadows, Marion Adams, Sarah Williams, Yang Ruikan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Midwives
Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki, Tejo Pratap Oleti
AIMS: To compare growth outcome and cost effectiveness of 'Kangaroo ward care' with 'Intermediate intensive care' in stable extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. MATERIAL & METHOD: This secondary analysis of the study and we analysed 62 ELBW infants, 33 were randomized to 'Kangaroo ward care' (KWC) and 29 to 'Intermediate Intensive Care' (IIC) once the infant reached a weight of 1150 grams. Infants in the KWC group were shifted to the kangaroo ward immediately after randomization and in the IIC group received IIC care till they attain a weight of 1250grams before shifting to same...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Barry M Lester, Amy L Salisbury, Katheleen Hawes, Lynne M Dansereau, Rosemarie Bigsby, Abbot Laptook, Marybeth Taub, Linda L Lagasse, Betty R Vohr, James F Padbury
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the single-family room (SFR)-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is associated with improved 18-month neurodevelopmental outcome, especially in infants of mothers with high maternal involvement. STUDY DESIGN: An 18-month follow-up was undertaken that compared infants born <30 weeks gestational age; 123 from a SFR-NICU vs 93 from an open-bay NICU. Infants were divided into high vs low maternal involvement based on days/week of kangaroo care, breast/bottle feeding, and maternal care...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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