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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450906/factors-affecting-the-occurrence-of-enteritis-in-10-to-12-month-old-eastern-grey-kangaroos-macropus-giganteus
#1
Nobuhide Kido, Sohei Tanaka, Yuko Wada, Sumito Sato
Eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) younger than 19 months at Kanazawa Zoological Gardens, Japan, frequently died of enteritis. The main cause of death was coccidiosis. This study aimed to reveal retrospectively the clinical features of enteritis and factors contributing to its high occurrence. In addition, haematological and serum biochemical parameters in kangaroos younger than 24 months were analyzed. The findings suggested that enteritis occurrence was higher in 10- to 12-month-old kangaroos than other ages and during seasons with high temperature and humidity than during seasons with low temperature and humidity...
February 16, 2018: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445072/molar-eruption-and-identification-of-the-eastern-grey-kangaroo-macropus-giganteus-at-different-ages
#2
Nobuhide Kido, Sohei Tanaka, Yuko Wada, Sumito Sato, Tomoko Omiya
To treat dental disorders and estimate age, it is important that veterinarians understand teeth eruption sequence for the animal in question. Few dental images of the eastern grey kangaroo have been published. In the present study, radiographic imagings of 29 kangaroos, ranging in age from 12 months to 10 years 9 months, was used to surveil the replacement of premolars and the eruption of molars. These images revealed eruption patterns in five stages, while the second and third deciduous premolars were shed non-systematically...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439876/identification-of-theileria-fuliginosa-like-species-in-ixodes-australiensis-ticks-from-western-grey-kangaroos-macropus-fuliginosus-in-western-australia
#3
Siew-May Loh, Andrea Paparini, Una Ryan, Peter Irwin, Charlotte Oskam
Piroplasms, including the genera Babesia and Theileria, are intra-erythrocytic protozoa that are generally transmitted by ticks and are the aetiological agents for piroplasmosis in animals, as well as humans, worldwide. In Australia, numerous studies have been conducted on piroplasms in domestic animals; however, less is known about these protozoa in ticks from native wildlife. The present study characterised piroplasms in Ixodes australiensis (n = 119) and Amblyomma triguttatum (n = 35) ticks collected from kangaroos in Western Australia (WA)...
February 8, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428919/randomized-control-trial-comparing-pain-control-interventions-in-preterm-neonates
#4
Vivek V Shukla, Satvik Bansal, Archana Nimbalkar, Apurva Chapla, Ajay Phatak, Dipen Patel, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
OBJECTIVE: To compare individual efficacy and additive effects of pain control interventions in preterm neonates. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Level-3 University affiliated neonatal intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: 200 neonates (26-36 weeks gestational age) requiring heel-stick for bedside glucose assessment. Exclusion criteria were neurologic impairment and critical illness precluding study interventions...
February 9, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377735/the-long-term-effects-of-the-kangaroo-mother-care-intervention-on-cognitive-functioning-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Stéphanie Ropars, Réjean Tessier, Nathalie Charpak, Luis Felipe Uriza
This study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) intervention on the intellectual and attentional functioning of young adults born with low birth weight. Three hundred infants were randomly assigned at birth in one of two interventions, KMC or traditional care (TC), and completed cognitive tests at adulthood (19-21 years after recruitment). The main results show that participants with a neurological vulnerability at 6 months had higher IQ and sustained attention scores at adulthood if they had received KMC than if they had received TC...
January 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363780/kangaroo-mother-care-in-colombia-a-subaltern-health-innovation-against-for-profit-biomedicine
#6
César Ernesto Abadía-Barrero
This ethnographic study presents the origins, growth, and collapse of the first Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) program, a well-established practice for neonatal care created in 1978 in Colombia. The WHO and UNICEF praised this zero-cost revolutionary technique for its promotion of skin-to-skin contact between premature and low-birth-weight newborns and family members. KMC facilitates early hospital discharge, brings many clinical and psychological benefits, and constitutes an excellent alternative to placing babies in incubators...
January 24, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361586/femoral-bone-perfusion-through-the-nutrient-foramen-during-growth-and-locomotor-development-of-western-grey-kangaroos-macropus-fuliginosus
#7
Qiaohui Hu, Thomas J Nelson, Edward P Snelling, Roger S Seymour
The nutrient artery passes through the nutrient foramen on the shaft of the femur and supplies more than one-half of total blood flow to the bone. Assuming that the size of the nutrient foramen correlates with the size of the nutrient artery, an index of blood flow rate (Qi) can be calculated from nutrient foramen dimensions. Interspecific Qi is proportional to locomotor activity levels in adult mammals, birds and reptiles. However, no studies have yet estimated intraspecific Qi to test for the effects of growth and locomotor development on bone blood flow requirements...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353902/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-kangaroo-mother-care
#8
Rakesh Kumar Shah, Nayan Kamal Sainju, Sunil Kumar Joshi
BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care is an effective and low cost technique which prevents neonate from hypothermia, a leading cause of preventable neonatal mortality. Knowledge and practice of Kangaroo mother care is of utmost importance in developing countries such as Nepal. Purpose of this study was to find out knowledge, attitude and practice of kangaroo mother care among health workers in tertiary health centres in Nepal. METHODS: This cross sectional study was carried out in three teaching hospitals in Nepal during the period from January 2016 to April 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351422/body-mass-specific-na-k-atpase-activity-in-the-medullary-thick-ascending-limb-implications-for-species-dependent-urine-concentrating-mechanisms
#9
Mun Aw, Tamara M Armstrong, C Michele Nawata, Sarah N Bodine, Jeeeun J Oh, Guojun Wei, Kristen K Evans, Mohammad Shahidullah, Timo Rieg, Thomas L Pannabecker
In general, mammalian whole body mass-specific metabolic rate correlates positively with maximal urine concentration (Umax) irrespective of whether or not the species have adapted to arid or mesic habitat. Accordingly, we hypothesized that the thick ascending limb (TAL) of a rodent with markedly higher whole body mass-specific metabolism than rat exhibits a substantially higher TAL metabolic rate as estimated by Na+, K+-ATPase activity and Na+, K+-ATPase α1 gene and protein expression. The kangaroo rat inner stripe of the outer medulla exhibits significantly higher mean Na+, K+-ATPase activity (~70%) compared to 2 rat strains (Sprague-Dawley and Munich-Wistar), extending prior studies showing rat activity exceeds rabbit...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336689/a-molecular-survey-of-tick-borne-pathogens-from-ticks-collected-in-central-queensland-australia
#10
Melissa Judith Chalada, John Stenos, Gemma Vincent, Dayana Barker, Richard Stewart Bradbury
Central Queensland (CQ) is a large and isolated, low population density, remote tropical region of Australia with a varied environment. The region has a diverse fauna and several species of ticks that feed upon that fauna. This study examined 518 individual ticks: 177 Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick), 123 Haemaphysalis bancrofti (wallaby tick), 102 Rhipicephalus australis (Australian cattle tick), 47 Amblyomma triguttatum (ornate kangaroo tick), 57 Ixodes holocyclus (paralysis tick), 9 Bothriocroton tachyglossi (CQ short-beaked echidna tick), and 3 Ornithodoros capensis (seabird soft tick)...
January 16, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319715/identification-and-return-of-a-skull-from-tasmania-in-the-berlin-anatomical-collection
#11
Andreas Winkelmann, Barbara Teßmann
Following a request by the Australian government, human remains of Australian origin were identified in the anatomical collection of Charité, the medical faculty of Berlin. We initiated an interdisciplinary provenance research on such remains to ensure their identity, elucidate their history, and prepare for a possible return to Australia. Here, we present results regarding a skull in the collection labeled as stemming from Tasmania. The non-invasive anthropological investigation revealed the skull to stem from a girl of about 15 years of age who most likely died of a massive otitis/petrositis with subsequent meningitis...
December 7, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307115/bioinformatic-analyses-of-zona-pellucida-genes-in-vertebrates-and-their-expression-in-nile-tilapia
#12
Tianli Wu, Yunying Cheng, Zhilong Liu, Wenjing Tao, Shuqing Zheng, Deshou Wang
Zona pellucida (ZP) genes encode ZP glycoproteins which constitute the coat surrounding oocytes and early embryos. Genome-wide identification of ZP genes is still lacking in vertebrates, especially in fish species. Herein, we conducted bioinformatic analyses of the ZP genes of the Nile tilapia and other vertebrates. Totally 16, 9, 17, 27, 21, 20, 26, 19, 14,11, 24, 17, 9, 18, 8, 11, 9, 8, 5, and 4 ZP genes belonging to 5 subfamilies (ZPA, ZPB, ZPC, ZPD, and ZPAX) were found in the sea lamprey, elephant shark, coelacanth, spotted gar, zebrafish, medaka, stickleback, Nile tilapia, Amazon molly, platyfish, seahorse, Northern snakehead, cavefish, tetraodon, clawed frog, turtle, chicken, platypus, kangaroo rat, and human genomes, respectively...
January 6, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287107/correction-molecular-characterization-and-multi-locus-genotypes-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-from-captive-red-kangaroos-macropus-rfus-in-jiangsu-province-china
#13
Zhijun Zhong, Yinan Tian, Yuan Song, Lei Deng, Junxian Li, Zhihua Ren, Xiaoping Ma, Xiaobin Gu, Changliang He, Yi Geng, Guangneng Peng
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0183249.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215911/weird-animals-sex-and-genome-evolution
#14
Jennifer A Marshall Graves
Making my career in Australia exposed me to the tyranny of distance, but it gave me opportunities to study our unique native fauna. Distantly related animal species present genetic variation that we can use to explore the most fundamental biological structures and processes. I have compared chromosomes and genomes of kangaroos and platypus, tiger snakes and emus, devils (Tasmanian) and dragons (lizards). I particularly love the challenges posed by sex chromosomes, which, apart from determining sex, provide stunning examples of epigenetic control and break all the evolutionary rules that we currently understand...
December 7, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203823/three-dimensional-organotypic-matrices-from-alternative-collagen-sources-as-pre-clinical-models-for-cell-biology
#15
James R W Conway, Claire Vennin, Aurélie S Cazet, David Herrmann, Kendelle J Murphy, Sean C Warren, Lena Wullkopf, Alice Boulghourjian, Anaiis Zaratzian, Andrew M Da Silva, Marina Pajic, Jennifer P Morton, Thomas R Cox, Paul Timpson
Organotypic co-cultures bridge the gap between standard two-dimensional culture and mouse models. Such assays increase the fidelity of pre-clinical studies, to better inform lead compound development and address the increasing attrition rates of lead compounds within the pharmaceutical industry, which are often a result of screening in less faithful two-dimensional models. Using large-scale acid-extraction techniques, we demonstrate a step-by-step process to isolate collagen I from commercially available animal byproducts...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196678/resolving-kangaroo-phylogeny-and-overcoming-retrotransposon-ascertainment-bias
#16
William G Dodt, Susanne Gallus, Matthew J Phillips, Maria A Nilsson
Reconstructing phylogeny from retrotransposon insertions is often limited by access to only a single reference genome, whereby support for clades that do not include the reference taxon cannot be directly observed. Here we have developed a new statistical framework that accounts for this ascertainment bias, allowing us to employ phylogenetically powerful retrotransposon markers to explore the radiation of the largest living marsupials, the kangaroos and wallabies of the genera Macropus and Wallabia. An exhaustive in silico screening of the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii) reference genome followed by experimental screening revealed 29 phylogenetically informative retrotransposon markers belonging to a family of endogenous retroviruses...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187158/associations-of-intimate-partner-violence-with-postnatal-health-practices-in-bihar-india
#17
Sabrina C Boyce, Lotus McDougal, Jay G Silverman, Yamini Atmavilas, Diva Dhar, Katherine Hay, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: Reducing neonatal mortality is a global priority, and improvements in postnatal health (PNH) practices in India are needed to do so. Intimate partner violence (IPV) may be associated with PNH practices, but little research has assessed this relationship. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of data from a representative household sample of mothers of neonates 0-11 months old in Bihar, India was conducted. The relationship between lifetime IPV experience (physical violence only, sexual violence only, or both physical and sexual violence) and PNH practices [clean cord care, kangaroo mother care, early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF), delayed bathing, receipt of a postnatal care visit, exclusive breastfeeding, and current post-partum contraceptive use] was assessed using multivariate logistic regression...
November 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184134/molecular-and-microscopic-characterization-of-a-novel-eastern-grey-kangaroopox-virus-genome-directly-from-a-clinical-sample
#18
Subir Sarker, Hayley K Roberts, Naomie Tidd, Shayne Ault, Georgia Ladmore, Andrew Peters, Jade K Forwood, Karla Helbig, Shane R Raidal
Poxviruses are large DNA viruses with varying zoonotic potential, and are recognised in a broad range of wildlife. Although poxviruses have been detected in kangaroos, their genetic relationships to poxviruses in other animals and humans is not well understood. Here, we present a novel genome sequence of a marsupial poxvirus, the Eastern grey kangaroopox virus (EKPV-NSW), isolated from a wild eastern grey kangaroo. In the present study, histopathologically confirmed epidermal pox lesions were used to recover the full-length viral genome and perform electron microscopic analysis, with both immature virions and intracellular mature virions detected...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182740/speciation-generates-mosaic-genomes-in-kangaroos
#19
Maria A Nilsson, Yichen Zheng, Vikas Kumar, Matthew J Phillips, Axel Janke
The iconic Australasian kangaroos and wallabies represent a successful marsupial radiation. However, the evolutionary relationship within the two genera, Macropus and Wallabia, is controversial: mitochondrial and nuclear genes, and morphological data have produced conflicting scenarios regarding the phylogenetic relationships, which in turn impact the classification and taxonomy. We sequenced and analyzed the genomes of eleven kangaroos to investigate the evolutionary cause of the observed phylogenetic conflict...
November 22, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166190/comparison-of-various-kangaroo-mother-care-carriers-on-maternal-comfort-a-pilot-study
#20
Sholihatul Amaliya, Yeni Rustina, Nur Agustini
Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is an evidence-based approach that has been scientifically proven to have a positive effect on mothers and infants. One of the barriers to performing KMC at home is the absence of a special KMC carrier. The most widely used KMC carriers in Indonesia are kangaroo pouch, thari, wrap and traditional wraps in the form of a long strip of fabric. This study's aim was to compare the level of maternal comfort when performing KMC with three different KMC carriers. The study used crossover design involving 20 mothers with low birth weight (LBW) infants as responders, selected through a consecutive sampling method...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
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