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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078555/control-blindness-why-people-can-make-incorrect-inferences-about-the-intentions-of-others
#1
Andrew B S Willett, Richard S Marken, Maximilian G Parker, Warren Mansell
There is limited evidence regarding the accuracy of inferences about intention. The research described in this article shows how perceptual control theory (PCT) can provide a "ground truth" for these judgments. In a series of 3 studies, participants were asked to identify a person's intention in a tracking task where the person's true intention was to control the position of a knot connecting a pair of rubber bands. Most participants failed to correctly infer the person's intention, instead inferring complex but nonexistent goals (such as "tracing out two kangaroos boxing") based on the actions taken to keep the knot under control...
January 11, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047811/th-ab-bra-12-experimental-results-from-the-first-high-field-inline-mri-linac
#2
P Keall, B Dong, P Vial, A Walker, K Zhang, J Begg, R Rai, L Holloway, M Barton, S Crozier, G Liney
PURPOSE: The pursuit of real-time image guided radiotherapy using optimal tissue contrast has seen the development of several hybrid MRI-treatment systems, high field and low field, and inline and perpendicular configurations. As part of a new MRI-Linac program, an MRI scanner was integrated with a linear accelerator to enable investigations of a coupled inline MRI-Linac system. This work describes our experimental results from the first high-field inline MRI-Linac. METHODS: A 1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045886/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#3
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009335/influence-of-maternal-factors-on%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-successful-outcome-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-low-birth-weight-infants-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
S N Lumbanraja
BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is associated with positive neonatal outcomes. Studies demonstrated significant influence of maternal factors on the success of applying KMC. AIM: To determine maternal factors that influence on anthropometric parameters in low birth weight babies that received kangaroo mother care. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled study that involved low birth weight newborns. We randomly assigned newborns into two groups; a group who received KMC and a group who received conventional care...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001295/gradients-in-cytoarchitectural-landscapes-of-the-isocortex-diprotodont-marsupials-in-comparison-to-eutherian-mammals
#5
Christine J Charvet, Cheryl D Stimpson, Young Do Kim, Mary Ann Raghanti, Albert H Lewandowski, Patrick R Hof, Aida Gómez-Robles, Fenna M Krienen, Chet C Sherwood
Although it has been claimed that marsupials possess a lower density of isocortical neurons compared with other mammals, little is known about cross-cortical variation in neuron distributions in this diverse taxonomic group. We quantified upper layer (layers II-IV) and lower layer (layers V-VI) neuron numbers per unit of cortical surface area in three diprotodont marsupial species (two macropodiformes, the red kangaroo and the parma wallaby, and a vombatiform, the koala) and compared these results to eutherian mammals (e...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989952/randomized-controlled-trial-on-kangaroo-mother-care-in-bogot%C3%A3-cost-utility-analysis
#6
Juan Gabriel Ruiz, Nathalie Charpak, Mario Castillo, Astrid Bernal, John Ríos, Tammy Trujillo, María Adelaida Córdoba
INTRODUCTION: Although Kangaroo-Mother Care (KMC) has been shown to be safe and effective in randomized controlled trials (RCT), there are no published complete economic evaluations including the three components of the full intervention. METHODS: Cost-utility analysis on the results of a RCT conducted in Bogotá, Colombia between 1993 and 1996. Hospital and ambulatory costs were estimated by microcosting in a sample of preterm infants from a University Hospital in Bogotá in 2011, and at a KMC clinic in the same period...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989406/features-of-heart-rate-variability-capture-regulatory-changes-during-kangaroo-care-in-preterm-infants
#7
Deedee R Kommers, Rohan Joshi, Carola van Pul, Louis Atallah, Loe Feijs, Guid Oei, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo, Peter Andriessen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether heart rate variability (HRV) can serve as a surrogate measure to track regulatory changes during kangaroo care, a period of parental coregulation distinct from regulation within the incubator. STUDY DESIGN: Nurses annotated the starting and ending times of kangaroo care for 3 months. The pre-kangaroo care, during-kangaroo care, and post-kangaroo care data were retrieved in infants with at least 10 accurately annotated kangaroo care sessions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987366/when-alternative-female-kangaroo-care-is-provided-by-other-immediate-postpartum-mothers-it-reduces-post-procedural-pain-in-preterm-babies-more-than-swaddling
#8
Jitendranath Murmu, Kannan Venkatnarayan, Rajeev Kumar Thapar, Shubash Chandra Shaw, Shamsher Singh Dalal
AIM: Research on alternative female Kangaroo care (KC) has been hampered by high maternal refusal rates. We assessed the efficacy of Kangaroo mother care (KMC), alternative KC provided by other postpartum mothers and swaddling for post procedural pain relief in preterm babies. METHODS: The study was carried out in a tertiary armed forces hospital, where mothers did not have support from other female relatives and other postpartum mothers agreed to act as alternative female KC providers...
December 17, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982295/infection-with-toxoplasma-gondii-in-a-red-kangaroo-macropus-rufus-and-a-patagonian-mara-dolichotis-patagonum-in-captivity
#9
Nataly Díaz-Ayala, Ezequiel Hidalgo-Hermoso, Constanza Cabello-Araya, Francisco Carvallo-Chaigneau
Toxoplasmosis is an infectious, zoonotic and parasitic disease, caused by Toxoplasma gondii. In this manucript, two cases of infection with T. gondii in captive animals from a zoological park in the central region of Chile are described. One case was a red kangaroo (Macropus rufus), which is highly susceptible to the infection, and the other was a Patagonian mara (Dolichotis patagonum), a rodent in which there is no previous report of the infection. Both animals had myocarditis, with the presence of intralesional tachizoites and cysts suggestive of infection with T...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976654/rolling-out-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-secondary-level-facilities-in-bihar-some-experiences
#10
Sutapa B Neogi, Monika Chauhan, Jyoti Sharma, Preeti Negandhi, Ghanshyam Sethy
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is one of the leading causes of under-five child deaths worldwide and in India. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a powerful and easy-to-use method to promote health and well-being and reduce morbidity and mortality in preterm/low birth weight (LBW) babies. OBJECTIVE: As the part of the roll-out of India Newborn Action Plan interventions, we implemented KMC in select facilities with an objective to assess the responsiveness of public health system to roll out KMC...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973572/zoonotic-cryptosporidium-species-in-animals-inhabiting-sydney-water-catchments
#11
Alireza Zahedi, Paul Monis, Sarah Aucote, Brendon King, Andrea Paparini, Fuchun Jian, Rongchang Yang, Charlotte Oskam, Andrew Ball, Ian Robertson, Una Ryan
Cryptosporidium is one of the most common zoonotic waterborne parasitic diseases worldwide and represents a major public health concern of water utilities in developed nations. As animals in catchments can shed human-infectious Cryptosporidium oocysts, determining the potential role of animals in dissemination of zoonotic Cryptosporidium to drinking water sources is crucial. In the present study, a total of 952 animal faecal samples from four dominant species (kangaroos, rabbits, cattle and sheep) inhabiting Sydney's drinking water catchments were screened for the presence of Cryptosporidium using a quantitative PCR (qPCR) and positives sequenced at multiple loci...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970739/kangaroo-mother-care-a-cost-effective-and-an-alternate-method-to-manage-hypothermia-in-low-birth-weight-babies-for-better-clinical-outcome
#12
P Kanodia, R Bora, A Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967176/onsager-coefficients-for-systems-with-periodic-potentials
#13
Alexandre Rosas, Christian Van den Broeck, Katja Lindenberg
We carry out the thermodynamic analysis of a Markovian stochastic engine, driven by a spatially and temporally periodic modulation in a d-dimensional space. We derive the analytic expressions for the Onsager coefficients characterizing the linear response regime for the isothermal transfer of one type of work (a driver) to another (a load), mediated by a stochastic time-periodic machine. As an illustration, we obtain the explicit results for a Markovian kangaroo process coupling two orthogonal directions and find extremely good agreement with numerical simulations...
November 2016: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965379/kangaroo-mother-care-20-years-later-connecting-infants-and-families
#14
Lydia Furman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965377/twenty-year-follow-up-of-kangaroo-mother-care-versus-traditional-care
#15
Nathalie Charpak, Rejean Tessier, Juan G Ruiz, Jose Tiberio Hernandez, Felipe Uriza, Julieta Villegas, Line Nadeau, Catherine Mercier, Francoise Maheu, Jorge Marin, Darwin Cortes, Juan Miguel Gallego, Dario Maldonado
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a multifaceted intervention for preterm and low birth weight infants and their parents. Short- and mid-term benefits of KMC on survival, neurodevelopment, breastfeeding, and the quality of mother-infant bonding were documented in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in Colombia from 1993 to 1996. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the persistence of these results in young adulthood. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, a total of 494 (69%) of the 716 participants of the original RCT known to be alive were identified; 441 (62% of the participants in the original RCT) were re-enrolled, and results for the 264 participants weighing ≤1800 g at birth were analyzed...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956166/nutritional-status-and-functional-digestive-histology-of-the-carnivorous-tasmanian-devil-sarcophilus-harrisii
#16
Hayley J Stannard, Lydia Tong, Michelle Shaw, Monique Van Sluys, Bronwyn McAllan, David Raubenheimer
Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) are the largest carnivorous marsupial in Australia. Currently many animals are being held in captivity as a management procedure to combat Devil Facial Tumor Disease. Only one published study thus far has investigated nutrition in Tasmanian devils, determining their maintenance energy requirements and digestibility on a rodent diet. More information is needed on Tasmanian devil nutritional and gastrointestinal function to aid in their management. Our study aimed to investigate the current nutritional status of Tasmanian devils in a captive population and functional morphology and histology of their gastrointestinal tract...
December 9, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904022/morphology-of-the-lingual-papillae-in-the-eastern-grey-kangaroo
#17
Shoichi Emura
We examined the dorsal lingual surface of an adult eastern grey kangaroo (Macropus gigantues) by scanning electron microscopy. The filiform papillae on the lingual apex and anterior body consisted of a main papilla and secondary papillae. The connective tissue core of the filiform papillae on the lingual apex had several processes. The filiform papillae on the lingual posterior body were thread-like in shape. The connective tissue core of the filiform papillae on the lingual posterior body consisted of many slender processes...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890584/a-sedge-plant-as-the-source-of-kangaroo-island-propolis-rich-in-prenylated-p-coumarate-ester-and-stilbenes
#18
Colin C Duke, Van H Tran, Rujee K Duke, Abdallah Abu-Mellal, George T Plunkett, Douglas I King, Kaiser Hamid, Karen L Wilson, Russell L Barrett, Jeremy J Bruhl
Propolis samples from Kangaroo Island, South Australia, were investigated for chemical constituents using high-field nuclear magnetic resonance spectral profiling. A type of propolis was found containing a high proportion of prenylated hydroxystilbenes. Subsequently, the botanical origin of this type of propolis was identified using a beehive propolis depletion method and analysis of flora. Ligurian honey bees, Apis mellifera ligustica Spinola, were found to produce propolis from resin exuded by the Australian native sedge plant Lepidosperma sp...
February 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890043/epidemic-host-community-contribution-to-mosquito-borne-disease-transmission-ross-river-virus
#19
I S Koolhof, S Carver
Most vector-borne diseases infect multiple host species, but disentangling the relative importance of different host species to transmission can be complex. Here we study how host species' abundance and competence (duration and titre of parasitaemia) influence host importance during epidemic scenarios. We evaluate this theory using Ross River virus (RRV, family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus), a multi-host mosquito-borne disease with significant human health impacts across Australia and Papua New Guinea. We used host contribution models to find the importance of key hosts (possums, wallabies, kangaroos, horses, humans) in typical mammal communities around five Australian epidemic centres...
November 28, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889916/precipitation-alters-interactions-in-a-grassland-ecological-community
#20
Nicolas Deguines, Justin S Brashares, Laura R Prugh
1.Climate change is transforming precipitation regimes worldwide. Changes in precipitation regimes are known to have powerful effects on plant productivity, but the consequences of these shifts for the dynamics of ecological communities are poorly understood. This knowledge gap hinders our ability to anticipate and mitigate the impacts of climate change on biodiversity. 2.Precipitation may affect fauna through direct effects on physiology, behavior or demography, through plant-mediated indirect effects, or by modifying interactions among species...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Animal Ecology
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