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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444848/biologically-meaningful-scents-a-framework-for-understanding-predator-prey-research-across-disciplines
#1
Michael H Parsons, Raimund Apfelbach, Peter B Banks, Elissa Z Cameron, Chris R Dickman, Anke S K Frank, Menna E Jones, Ian S McGregor, Stuart McLean, Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Elisa E Sparrow, Daniel T Blumstein
Fear of predation is a universal motivator. Because predators hunt using stealth and surprise, there is a widespread ability among prey to assess risk from chemical information - scents - in their environment. Consequently, scents often act as particularly strong modulators of memory and emotions. Recent advances in ecological research and analytical technology are leading to novel ways to use this chemical information to create effective attractants, repellents and anti-anxiolytic compounds for wildlife managers, conservation biologists and health practitioners...
April 26, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403767/tick-borne-infectious-diseases-in-australia
#2
REVIEW
Stephen R Graves, John Stenos
Tick bites in Australia can lead to a variety of illnesses in patients. These include infection, allergies, paralysis, autoimmune disease, post-infection fatigue and Australian multisystem disorder. Rickettsial (Rickettsia spp.) infections (Queensland tick typhus, Flinders Island spotted fever and Australian spotted fever) and Q fever (Coxiella burnetii) are the only systemic bacterial infections that are known to be transmitted by tick bites in Australia. Three species of local ticks transmit bacterial infection following a tick bite: the paralysis tick (Ixodes holocyclus) is endemic on the east coast of Australia and causes Queensland tick typhus due to R...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359362/real-time-image-guided-nasogastric-feeding-tube-placement-a-case-series-using-kangaroo-with-iris-technology-in-an-icu
#3
Anna Mizzi, Silvano Cozzi, Luigi Beretta, Massimiliano Greco, Marco Braga
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary misplacement during the blind insertion of enteral feeding tubes is frequent, particularly in ventilated and neurologically impaired patients. This is probably the first clinical study using the Kangaroo Feeding Tube with IRIS technology (IRIS) which incorporates a camera designed to provide anatomic landmark visualization during insertion. The study aim was to evaluate IRIS performance during bedside gastric placement. METHODS: This is the first prospective study to collect data on the use of IRIS...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317278/species-traits-help-predict-small-mammal-responses-to-habitat-homogenization-by-an-invasive-grass
#4
Joseph P Ceradini, Anna D Chalfoun
Invasive plants can negatively affect native species, however, the strength, direction, and shape of responses may vary depending on the type of habitat alteration and the natural history of native species. To prioritize conservation of vulnerable species, it is therefore critical to effectively predict species' responses to invasive plants, which may be facilitated by a framework based on species' traits. We studied the population and community responses of small mammals and changes in habitat heterogeneity across a gradient of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) cover, a widespread invasive plant in North America...
March 20, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302942/stress-assessment-using-hair-cortisol-of-kangaroos-affected-by-the-lumpy-jaw-disease
#5
Yukari Sotohira, Kazuyuki Suzuki, Tadashi Sano, Chigusa Arai, Mitsuhiko Asakawa, Hideaki Hayashi
The aim of this study was to objectively assess stress of kangaroos affected by lumpy jaw disease (LJD) using plasma and hair cortisol concentrations. The plasma and hair samples were collected from kangaroos with LJD and healthy controls. Collected hair samples were extracted with methanol after washing with isopropanol, following which they were processed with the cortisol enzyme immunoassay kit. The plasma cortisol concentration of LJD animals tended to be higher than that of the control. Ventral hair cortisol, but not dorsal hair, of LJD animals was significantly higher than that of the control...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292543/the-impact-of-kangaroo-care-on-premature-infant-weight-gain
#6
REVIEW
Melvina Evereklian, Bobbie Posmontier
BACKGROUND: Preterm births occur among 11.4% of all live infant births. Without steady weight gain, premature infants may experience lengthy hospitalizations, neurodevelopmental deficits and hospital readmissions, which can increase the financial burden on the health care system and their families. The total U.S. health-related costs linked to preterm infant deliveries are estimated at $4.33 billion. Kangaroo care is a feasible practice that can improve preterm infant weight gain. However, this intervention is utilized less often throughout the U...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287756/early-expression-of-manual-lateralization-in-bipedal-marsupials
#7
Andrey Giljov, Karina Karenina, Janeane Ingram, Yegor Malashichev
Robust lateralization in forelimb use has recently been found in bipedal, but not quadrupedal, marsupial mammals. The link between bipedality and handedness, occurring in both marsupials and primates, remains to be investigated. To shed light on the developmental origins of marsupial manual lateralization, infants of macropod marsupials were examined before and shortly after the acquisition of habitual bipedal posture and locomotion. Forelimb preferences were assessed in natural, not artificially evoked, behaviors of infant red-necked wallaby in the wild and infant eastern gray kangaroo in free-ranging captivity...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274153/role-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-growth-and-breast-feeding-rates-in-very-low-birth-weight-vlbw-neonates-a-systematic-review
#8
Deepak Sharma, Nazanin Farahbakhsh, Sweta Sharma, Pradeep Sharma, Akash Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of kangaroo mother care (KMC) on growth and breast feeding rates in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was done to identify eligible studies using various electronic database searches including PubMed and EMBASE, various Web of Science including Scopus, Index Copernicus, African Index Medicus (AIM), Thomson Reuters (ESCI), Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), SCIWIN (Scientific World Index), Google Scholar, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Information System (LILACS), Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR), Index Medicus for the South-East Asian Region (IMSEAR), and Western Pacific Region Index Medicus (WPRIM) and various clinical trial registries...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264615/maternal-perceptions-and-factors-affecting-kangaroo-mother-care-continuum-at-home-a-descriptive-study
#9
R Raajashri, B Adhisivam, B Vishnu Bhat, C Palanivel
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of mothers who continued to practice Kangaroo mother care (KMC) at home and evaluate potential factors influencing this practice. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital in south India. Mothers of preterm and low birth weight infants were trained in KMC during hospital stay. During follow up after 45 days, data regarding their perceptions and the practice of KMC at home and the factors influencing them were collected using questionnaires...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257440/extensive-genetic-differentiation-detected-within-a-model-marsupial-the-tammar-wallaby-notamacropus-eugenii
#10
Mark D B Eldridge, Emily J Miller, Linda E Neaves, Kyall R Zenger, Catherine A Herbert
The tammar wallaby (Notamacropus eugenii) is one of the most intensively studied of all macropodids and was the first Australasian marsupial to have its genome sequenced. However, comparatively little is known about genetic diversity and differentiation amongst the morphologically distinct allopatric populations of tammar wallabies found in Western (WA) and South Australia (SA). Here we compare autosomal and Y-linked microsatellite genotypes, as well as sequence data (~600 bp) from the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region (CR) in tammar wallabies from across its distribution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256552/the-beaver-s-phylogenetic-lineage-illuminated-by-retroposon-reads
#11
Liliya Doronina, Andreas Matzke, Gennady Churakov, Monika Stoll, Andreas Huge, Jürgen Schmitz
Solving problematic phylogenetic relationships often requires high quality genome data. However, for many organisms such data are still not available. Among rodents, the phylogenetic position of the beaver has always attracted special interest. The arrangement of the beaver's masseter (jaw-closer) muscle once suggested a strong affinity to some sciurid rodents (e.g., squirrels), placing them in the Sciuromorpha suborder. Modern molecular data, however, suggested a closer relationship of beaver to the representatives of the mouse-related clade, but significant data from virtually homoplasy-free markers (for example retroposon insertions) for the exact position of the beaver have not been available...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230674/benefits-of-kangaroo-care-for-premature-babies-continue-into-young-adulthood
#12
Serena Stockwell
Method is now generally part of standard care.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224883/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-zoo-and-domestic-animals-in-jiangxi-province-china
#13
Houqiang Luo, Kun Li, Hui Zhang, Ping Gan, Muhammad Shahzad, Xiaoxing Wu, Yanfang Lan, Jiaxiang Wang
Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic protozoan parasite that infects a wide range of warm-blooded animals throughout the world. In the present study, antibodies to T. gondii were determined using a commercial indirect hemagglutination (IHA) test in wild animals in a zoo. Three of 11 giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) (27%), 1 of 5 wolves (Canis lupus laniger) (20%), 1 of 6 hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious) (17%), and 2 of 9 tundra swans (Cygnus columbianus) (22%) were found to be positive. No antibodies were detected in leopards (Panthera pardus), wild geese (Anser cygnoides), and Eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus)...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218171/erratum-rolling-out-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-secondary-level-facilities-in-bihar-some-experiences
#14
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.195864.].
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208965/long-term-outcomes-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#15
Sunil Gavhane, Deepak Eklare, Haseeb Mohammad
INTRODUCTION: Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has been gaining acceptance as an effective alternative to incubator based Conventional Medical Care (CMC) in preterm or Low Birth Weight (LBW) infants especially in resource scarce developing countries. AIM: To report and analyse the long-term effects of KMC for relatively stable Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants on nutritional indicators and feeding conditions at 6-12 months of corrected age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was done at a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a teaching institution in southern India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#16
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196141/changing-patterns-of-meat-consumption-and-greenhouse-gas-emissions-in-australia-will-kangaroo-meat-make-a-difference
#17
Shyama Ratnasiri, Jayatilleke Bandara
The Australian per capita consumption of ruminant meat such as beef and lamb has declined over the last two decades. Over the same period, however, per capita consumption of non-ruminant meat such as chicken and pork has continued to increase. Furthermore, it is now observed that the human consumption of kangaroo meat is on the rise. This study investigates the implications of these changes in meat consumption patterns on Green House Gases (GHGs) emission mitigation in Australia using a Vector Auto Regression (VAR) forecasting approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188761/kangaroo-rats-change-temperature-when-investigating-rattlesnake-predators
#18
Hannes A Schraft, Rulon W Clark
Predator presence causes acute stress in mammals. A prey animal's stress response increases its chance of survival during life-threatening situations through adaptive changes in behavior and physiology. Some components of the physiological stress response can lead to changes in body surface temperatures. Body temperature changes in prey could provide information about prey state to predators that sense heat, such as pit vipers. We determined whether wild rodents undergo a stress-induced change in body surface temperature upon detecting and investigating rattlesnake predators...
February 8, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152330/randomized-controlled-trial-on-effect-of-intermittent-early-versus-late-kangaroo-mother-care-on-human-milk-feeding-in-low-birth-weight-neonates
#19
Dhaarani Jayaraman, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Anil Kumar Bhalla, Lakhbir Kaur Dhaliwal
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding at discharge among sick low-birth-weight (LBW) infants is low despite counseling and intervention like kangaroo mother care (KMC). Research aim: The aim was to study the effects of early initiation of KMC on exclusive human milk feeding, growth, mortality, and morbidities in LBW neonates compared with late initiation of KMC during the hospital stay and postdischarge. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in level 2 and 3 areas of a tertiary care neonatal unit over 15 months...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145488/targeted-capture-to-assess-neutral-genomic-variation-in-the-narrow-leaf-hopbush-across-a-continental-biodiversity-refugium
#20
Matthew J Christmas, Ed Biffin, Martin F Breed, Andrew J Lowe
The Adelaide geosyncline, a mountainous region in central southern Australia, is purported to be an important continental refugium for Mediterranean and semi-arid Australian biota, yet few population genetic studies have been conducted to test this theory. Here, we focus on a plant species distributed widely throughout the region, the narrow-leaf hopbush, Dodonaea viscosa ssp. angustissima, and examine its genetic diversity and population structure. We used a hybrid-capture target enrichment technique to selectively sequence over 700 genes from 89 individuals across 17 sampling locations...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
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