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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904022/morphology-of-the-lingual-papillae-in-the-eastern-grey-kangaroo
#1
Shoichi Emura
We examined the dorsal lingual surface of an adult eastern grey kangaroo (Macropus gigantues) by scanning electron microscopy. The filiform papillae on the lingual apex and anterior body consisted of a main papilla and secondary papillae. The connective tissue core of the filiform papillae on the lingual apex had several processes. The filiform papillae on the lingual posterior body were thread-like in shape. The connective tissue core of the filiform papillae on the lingual posterior body consisted of many slender processes...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890584/a-sedge-plant-as-the-source-of-kangaroo-island-propolis-rich-in-prenylated-p-coumarate-ester-and-stilbenes
#2
Colin C Duke, Van H Tran, Rujee K Duke, Abdallah Abu-Mellal, George T Plunkett, Douglas I King, Kaiser Hamid, Karen L Wilson, Russell L Barrett, Jeremy J Bruhl
Propolis samples from Kangaroo Island, South Australia, were investigated for chemical constituents using high-field nuclear magnetic resonance spectral profiling. A type of propolis was found containing a high proportion of prenylated hydroxystilbenes. Subsequently, the botanical origin of this type of propolis was identified using a beehive propolis depletion method and analysis of flora. Ligurian honey bees, Apis mellifera ligustica Spinola, were found to produce propolis from resin exuded by the Australian native sedge plant Lepidosperma sp...
November 24, 2016: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890043/epidemic-host-community-contribution-to-mosquito-borne-disease-transmission-ross-river-virus
#3
I S Koolhof, S Carver
Most vector-borne diseases infect multiple host species, but disentangling the relative importance of different host species to transmission can be complex. Here we study how host species' abundance and competence (duration and titre of parasitaemia) influence host importance during epidemic scenarios. We evaluate this theory using Ross River virus (RRV, family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus), a multi-host mosquito-borne disease with significant human health impacts across Australia and Papua New Guinea. We used host contribution models to find the importance of key hosts (possums, wallabies, kangaroos, horses, humans) in typical mammal communities around five Australian epidemic centres...
November 28, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889916/precipitation-alters-interactions-in-a-grassland-ecological-community
#4
Nicolas Deguines, Justin S Brashares, Laura R Prugh
1.Climate change is transforming precipitation regimes worldwide. Changes in precipitation regimes are known to have powerful effects on plant productivity, but the consequences of these shifts for the dynamics of ecological communities are poorly understood. This knowledge gap hinders our ability to anticipate and mitigate the impacts of climate change on biodiversity. 2.Precipitation may affect fauna through direct effects on physiology, behavior or demography, through plant-mediated indirect effects, or by modifying interactions among species...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857963/a-continent-wide-analysis-of-the-shade-requirements-of-red-and-western-grey-kangaroos
#6
J A Roberts, G Coulson, A J Munn, M R Kearney
Foraging time may be constrained by a suite of phenomena including weather, which can restrict a species' activity and energy intake. This is recognized as pivotal for many species whose distributions are known to correlate with climate, including kangaroos, although such impacts are rarely quantified. We explore how differences in shade seeking, a thermoregulatory behavior, of 2 closely-related kangaroo species, Macropus rufus (red kangaroos) and M. fuliginosus (western grey kangaroos), might reflect differences in their distributions across Australia...
April 2016: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821185/facilitators-and-barriers-of-breastfeeding-late-preterm-infants-according-to-mothers-experiences
#7
Maria Lorella Giannì, Elena Bezze, Patrizio Sannino, Elena Stori, Laura Plevani, Paola Roggero, Massimo Agosti, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: Late preterm infants account for the majority of preterm births. They are at an increased risk of neonatal mortality and morbidity and are less likely to initiate breastfeeding and to be exclusively breastfed at discharge compared to infants born at term. The aim of this study was to identify the facilitators and barriers to breastfeeding during hospital stays according to the experiences of mothers of late preterm infants. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire survey...
November 8, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803973/thermal-implications-of-interactions-between-insulation-solar-reflectance-and-fur-structure-in-the-summer-coats-of-diverse-species-of-kangaroo
#8
Terence J Dawson, Shane K Maloney
Not all of the solar radiation that impinges on a mammalian coat is absorbed and converted into thermal energy at the coat surface. Some is reflected back to the environment, while another portion is reflected further into the coat where it is absorbed and manifested as heat at differing levels. Substantial insulation in a coat limits the thermal impact at the skin of solar radiation, irrespective where in the coat it is absorbed. In coats with low insulation, the zone where solar radiation is absorbed may govern the consequent heat load on the skin (HL-SR)...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783834/kangaroo-care-education-effects-on-nurses-knowledge-and-skills-confidence
#9
Wedad Matar Almutairi, Susan M Ludington-Hoe
BACKGROUND: Less than 20% of the 996 NICUs in the United States routinely practice kangaroo care, due in part to the inadequate knowledge and skills confidence of nurses. Continuing education improves knowledge and skills acquisition, but the effects of a kangaroo care certification course on nurses' knowledge and skills confidence are unknown. METHOD: A pretest-posttest quasi-experiment was conducted. The Kangaroo Care Knowledge and Skills Confidence Tool was administered to 68 RNs at a 2...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777741/livestock-guardian-dogs-as-surrogate-top-predators-how-maremma-sheepdogs-affect-a-wildlife-community
#10
Linda van Bommel, Chris N Johnson
Use of livestock guardian dogs (LGDs) to reduce predation on livestock is increasing. However, how these dogs influence the activity of wildlife, including predators, is not well understood. We used pellet counts and remote cameras to investigate the effects of free ranging LGDs on four large herbivores (eastern gray kangaroo, common wombat, swamp wallaby, and sambar deer) and one mesopredator (red fox) in Victoria, Australia. Generalized mixed models and one- and two-species detection models were used to assess the influence of the presence of LGDs on detection of the other species...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770092/lamb-deaths-associated-with-administration-of-oral-minerals
#11
(no author information available yet)
Deaths in preweaned lambs associated with administering oral minerals containing copperCongenital malformations in calvesIdiopathic necrotising enteritis in calvesAbomasal obstruction due to trichobezoars in suckled calvesRadial neuropathy (kangaroo gait) in a ewe These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for July 2016 from SAC Consulting: Veterinary Services (SAC C VS).
October 22, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765653/the-kangaroo-mother-care-method-from-scientific-evidence-generated-in-colombia-to-worldwide-practice
#12
Nathalie Charpak, Juan Gabriel Ruiz
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a human-based care intervention devised to complement neonatal care for low birth weight and premature infants. Kangaroo position (skin-to-skin contact on the mother's chest) offers thermal regulation, physiological stability, appropriate stimulation and enhances bonding and breastfeeding. Kangaroo nutrition is based on breastfeeding and kangaroo discharge policy relies on family empowerment and early discharge in kangaroo position with close ambulatory follow-up. We describe how the evidence has been developed, and how it has been put into practice by means of direct preterm infants care and dissemination of the method, including training of KMC excellence centers in many countries not only in Latin America but worldwide...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763631/enhancing-sensory-experiences-for-very-preterm-infants-in-the-nicu-an-integrative-review
#13
R Pineda, R Guth, A Herring, L Reynolds, S Oberle, J Smith
OBJECTIVE: Very preterm infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience alterations in sensory experiences. Defining types, timing and frequency of sensory-based interventions that optimize outcomes can inform environmental modifications. The objective of this study was to conduct an integrative review on sensory-based interventions used with very preterm infants in the NICU to improve infant and parent outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: The data sources include MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744517/the-many-axes-of-deer-lactation
#14
Francisco Ceacero, Andrés J García, Tomás Landete-Castillejos, Martina Komárková, Francisco Hidalgo, Martina P Serrano, Laureano Gallego
In undomesticated animals information about the production and composition of milk over time is still scarce. In general, for most mammals it is known that milk composition changes across lactation, is different for male and female offspring, and even that marsupials, such as kangaroos, can simultaneously produce milk of different compositions for young of different ages. Such parallel milk production of differing compositions has not yet been studied in single-offspring placental mammals, but may help to explain behavioural processes like allosuckling (feeding the young of other adults) and lateralized suckling preferences...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704284/thoracic-spine-morphology-of-a-pseudo-biped-animal-model-kangaroo-and-comparisons-with-human-and-quadruped-animals
#15
Sriram Balasubramanian, James R Peters, Lucy F Robinson, Anita Singh, Richard W Kent
PURPOSE: Based on the structural anatomy, loading condition and range of motion (ROM), no quadruped animal has been shown to accurately mimic the structure and biomechanical function of the human spine. The objective of this study is to quantify the thoracic vertebrae geometry of the kangaroo, and compare with adult human, pig, sheep, and deer. METHODS: The thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12) from whole body CT scans of ten juvenile kangaroos (ages 11-14 months) were digitally reconstructed and geometric dimensions of the vertebral bodies, endplates, pedicles, spinal canal, processes, facets and intervertebral discs were recorded...
October 4, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666329/pilot-study-demonstrates-that-salivary-oxytocin-can-be-measured-unobtrusively-in-preterm-infants
#16
D R Kommers, Mac Broeren, P Andriessen, S G Oei, L Feijs, S Bambang Oetomo
AIM: This study assessed the feasibility and obtrusiveness of measuring salivary oxytocin in preterm infants receiving Kangaroo care, because this is a period of maximal bonding or co-regulation. We also analysed possible influential determinants, including maternal oxytocin. METHODS: The saliva of preterm infants and their mothers was collected prior to, and during, Kangaroo care using cotton swabs and pooled into vials until sufficient volumes were obtained to measure oxytocin levels using a radioimmunoassay...
September 26, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648252/a-simple-framework-for-a-complex-problem-predicting-wildlife-vehicle-collisions
#17
Casey Visintin, Rodney van der Ree, Michael A McCarthy
Collisions of vehicles with wildlife kill and injure animals and are also a risk to vehicle occupants, but preventing these collisions is challenging. Surveys to identify problem areas are expensive and logistically difficult. Computer modeling has identified correlates of collisions, yet these can be difficult for managers to interpret in a way that will help them reduce collision risk. We introduce a novel method to predict collision risk by modeling hazard (presence and movement of vehicles) and exposure (animal presence) across geographic space...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644765/practice-of-skin-to-skin-contact-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-other-newborn-care-interventions-in-ethiopia-following-promotion-by-facility-and-community-health-workers-results-from-a-prospective-outcome-evaluation
#18
Jennifer A Callaghan-Koru, Abiy Seifu Estifanos, Ephrem Daniel Sheferaw, Joseph de Graft-Johnson, Carina Rosado, Rachel Patton-Molitors, Bogale Worku, Barbara Rawlins, Abdullah Baqui
AIM: To assess the effects of a facility and community newborn intervention package on coverage of early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) and exclusive breastfeeding - the therapeutic components of kangaroo mother care. METHODS: A multilevel community and facility intervention in Ethiopia trained health workers in 10 health centres and the surrounding communities to promote early SSC and exclusive breastfeeding for all babies born at home or in the facility. Changes in SSC and exclusive breastfeeding were assessed by comparing baseline and endline household surveys...
December 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591506/does-parental-involvement-affect-the-development-of-feeding-skills-in-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#19
Maria Lorella Giannì, Patrizio Sannino, Elena Bezze, Carmela Comito, Laura Plevani, Paola Roggero, Massimo Agosti, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: Feeding difficulties frequently occur in preterm infants, thus contributing to delayed growth and hospital discharge. AIMS: To evaluate the effect of Kangaroo mother care implementation and parental involvement in infants' feeding on the timing of achievement of full oral feeding in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational, single-centre study. SUBJECTS: A total of 81 infants born at a gestational age ≤32weeks, consecutively admitted to a tertiary neonatal unit between June 2014 and May 2015...
August 31, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587049/technical-note-experimental-results-from-a-prototype-high-field-inline-mri-linac
#20
G P Liney, B Dong, J Begg, P Vial, K Zhang, F Lee, A Walker, R Rai, T Causer, S J Alnaghy, B M Oborn, L Holloway, P Metcalfe, M Barton, S Crozier, P Keall
PURPOSE: The pursuit of real-time image guided radiotherapy using optimal tissue contrast has seen the development of several hybrid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-treatment systems, high field and low field, and inline and perpendicular configurations. As part of a new MRI-linac program, an MRI scanner was integrated with a linear accelerator to enable investigations of a coupled inline MRI-linac system. This work describes results from a prototype experimental system to demonstrate the feasibility of a high field inline MR-linac...
September 2016: Medical Physics
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