keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Los

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329667/serious-infections-are-on-the-rise-in-us-inpatients-with-psoriasis
#1
Derek Y Hsu
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with immune dysregulation and use of systemic immunosuppressive treatments that may predispose toward serious infections. We sought to determine the rates of serious infections in hospitalized patients with psoriasis. We analyzed data from the 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, containing a 20% sample of all US hospitalizations. Psoriasis was determined by a validated algorithm using ICD-9-CM codes. In multivariate logistic regression models adjusting for socio-demographics, psoriasis was associated with multiple serious infections, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (odds ratio [95% confidence intervals] 1...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329656/pediatric-stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-the-us
#2
Derek Y Hsu
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening blistering disorders. Few studies have addressed SJS/TEN in children. We sought to determine risk factors, comorbidities, inpatient burden and mortality in US children with SJS, SJS-TEN and TEN. We analyzed data from the 2009-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), containing a representative 20% sample of all hospitalizations in the US. SJS, SJS-TEN and TEN were identified by a validated algorithm using ICD-9-CM codes...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329352/costs-and-consequences-of-early-hospital-discharge-after-major-inpatient-surgery-in-older-adults
#3
Scott E Regenbogen, Anne H Cain-Nielsen, Edward C Norton, Lena M Chen, John D Birkmeyer, Jonathan S Skinner
Importance: As prospective payment transitions to bundled reimbursement, many US hospitals are implementing protocols to shorten hospitalization after major surgery. These efforts could have unintended consequences and increase overall surgical episode spending if they induce more frequent postdischarge care use or readmissions. Objective: To evaluate the association between early postoperative discharge practices and overall surgical episode spending and expenditures for postdischarge care use and readmissions...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329213/postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-rehabilitation-requirements-following-lobectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-study-of-patients-undergoing-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-versus-thoracotomy%C3%A2
#4
Paula Agostini, Sebastian T Lugg, Kerry Adams, Nelia Vartsaba, Maninder S Kalkat, Pala B Rajesh, Richard S Steyn, Babu Naidu, Alison Rushton, Ehab Bishay
OBJECTIVES: : Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) lobectomy is increasingly used for curative intent lung cancer surgery compared to open thoracotomy due to its minimally invasive approach and associated benefits. However, the effects of the VATS approach on postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC), rehabilitation and physiotherapy requirements are unclear; our study aimed to use propensity score matching to investigate this. METHODS: Between January 2012 and January 2016 all consecutive patients undergoing lobectomy via thoracotomy or VATS were prospectively observed...
March 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329123/prevalence-of-chagas-disease-in-the-latin-american-born-population-of-los-angeles
#5
Sheba K Meymandi, Colin J Forsyth, Jonathan Soverow, Salvador Hernandez, Daniel Sanchez, Susan P Montgomery, Mahmoud Traina
Background.: According to an estimate from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Chagas disease (CD) may affect 1.31% of Latin American immigrants in the United States, with >300 000 cases. However, there is a lack of real-world data to support this estimate. Little is known about the actual prevalence of this neglected tropical disease in the United States, and the bulk of those infected are undiagnosed. Methods.: From April 2008 to May 2014, we screened 4,755 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329026/the-effect-of-early-versus-late-initiation-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-a-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Yan-Mei Feng, Yuan Yang, Xiao-Li Han, Fan Zhang, Dong Wan, Rui Guo
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing for initiating renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) remains controversial. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis (TSA) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using PUBMED, Cochrane Library databases, and Web of Science (from January 1, 1985, to August 21, 2016). Adult patients with AKI who received RRT with different timing were included. The primary outcome was mortality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328840/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-showed-reduction-of-length-of-stay-and-costs-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Diego Lanaro, Nuria Ruffini, Andrea Manzotti, Gianluca Lista
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic medicine is an emerging and complementary method used in neonatology. METHODS: Outcomes were the mean difference in length of stay (LOS) and costs between osteopathy and alternative treatment group. A comprehensive literature search of (quasi)- randomized controlled trials (RCTs), was conducted from journal inception to May, 2015. Eligible studies must have treated preterm infants directly in the crib or bed and Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) must have been performed by osteopaths...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328692/experience-with-a-care-process-model-in-the-evaluation-of-pediatric-musculoskeletal-infections-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#8
Lina Patel, Jeff Michael, Nancy Allen, Lisa Schroeder, Lisa Berglund, Jason G Newland
OBJECTIVES: Care process models (CPMs) for certain conditions have improved clinical outcomes in children. This study describes the implementation and impact of a CPM for the evaluation of musculoskeletal infections in a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS: A retrospective pre-post intervention study was performed to analyze the impact of a musculoskeletal infection CPM. Patients were identified retrospectively through electronic order history for imaging of an extremity or joint and recommended laboratory tests...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327940/the-nationwide-burden-of-neurological-conditions-requiring-emergency-neurosurgery
#9
Rafael De la Garza Ramos, C Rory Goodwin, Jonathan Nakhla, Rani Nasser, Reza Yassari, Eugene S Flamm, Ali Bydon, Geoffrey Colby, Daniel M Sciubba
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical emergencies are an important cause of disability and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To examine the nationwide burden of neurological conditions requiring emergency neurosurgery. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2002-2011) was queried to identify adult patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of a neurosurgical condition who were admitted urgently/emergently or through a trauma center and underwent surgical intervention within 2 days of admission...
March 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327850/-the-clinical-person-centered-method-and-its-application-in-primary-healthcare
#10
María Sofía Cuba Fuentes, Zoila Olga de Los Milagros Romero Albino
The person-centered clinical method (PCCM) used in primary healthcare (PHC) is a useful tool to improve a person's approach to a health system that adequately responds to the needs of the population. PHC is built on the basis of a good health system, through compliance with its four attributes-first contact access, person focused care over time, comprehensiveness, and coordination of care-and it becomes an essential part of the growth of any nation that wants to provide quality healthcare. In conclusion, the PCCM is related to a strong PHC, as it is based on an approach focused on meeting people's needs...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327161/rehabilitation-of-hand-function-after-spinal-cord-injury-using-a-novel-handgrip-device-a-pilot-study
#11
Haydn Hoffman, Tiffany Sierro, Tianyi Niu, Melanie E Sarino, Majid Sarrafzadeh, David McArthur, V Reggie Edgerton, Daniel C Lu
BACKGROUND: Activity-based therapy (ABT) for patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), which consists of repetitive use of muscles above and below the spinal lesion, improves locomotion and arm strength. Less data has been published regarding its effects on hand function. We sought to evaluate the effects of a weekly hand-focused therapy program using a novel handgrip device on grip strength and hand function in a SCI cohort. METHODS: Patients with SCI were enrolled in a weekly program that involved activities with the MediSens (Los Angeles, CA) handgrip...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327122/midodrine-as-adjunctive-support-for-treatment-of-refractory-hypotension-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-multicenter-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-the-midas-trial
#12
Matthew H Anstey, Bradley Wibrow, Tharusan Thevathasan, Brigit Roberts, Khushi Chhangani, Pauline Yeung Ng, Alexander Levine, Alan DiBiasio, Todd Sarge, Matthias Eikermann
BACKGROUND: Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) are often treated with intravenous (IV) vasopressors. Persistent hypotension and dependence on IV vasopressors in otherwise resuscitated patients lead to delay in discharge from ICU. Midodrine is an oral alpha-1 adrenergic agonist approved for treatment of symptomatic orthostatic hypotension. This trial aims to evaluate whether oral administration of midodrine is an effective adjunct to standard therapy to reduce the duration of IV vasopressor treatment, and allow earlier discharge from ICU and hospital...
March 21, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326952/latin-american-guidelines-for-cancer-pain-management
#13
Argelia Lara-Solares, Marisol Ahumada Olea, Amparito de Los Ángeles Basantes Pinos, Sara Bistre Cohén, Patricia Bonilla Sierra, Eva Rossina Duarte Juárez, Omar A Símon Escudero, Juan Guillermo Santacruz Escudero, José Alberto Flores Cantisani
Cancer is a major public health issue. Poor pain management has devastating consequences that seriously affect quality of life, diminish functionality and place a huge emotional burden on patients and their relatives. A group of Latin American opinion leaders were invited to participate in a meeting to discuss areas associated with cancer pain. The expert panel reviewed the latest literature to draft region-specific guidelines for effective pain management. The guidelines make recommendations on tailoring treatment to the specific type of pain and provide local physicians with the state-of-the art findings in the field...
March 13, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326429/ceramic-on-ceramic-bearings-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-young-patients
#14
Tao Wang, Jun-Ying Sun, Xi-Jiang Zhao, Yong Liu, Hai-Bo Yin
BACKGROUND: The results of ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) total hip arthroplasty (THA) in younger patients were not univocal. This study aims to evaluate the results of CoC bearing THA in patients younger than 50 years. METHODS: A total of 90 younger patients performed CoC THAs during March 2003 and May 2008 were included in this study. Hip function and activity were evaluated with Harris hip score and University of California Los Angeles activity score. We had discussed survival rates, radiological findings of component loosening or osteolysis, and ceramic-related complications in these patients...
December 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326076/shaping-the-metabolism-of-intestinal-bacteroides-population-through-diet-to-improve-human-health
#15
David Rios-Covian, Nuria Salazar, Miguel Gueimonde, Clara G de Los Reyes-Gavilan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323473/video-based-grocery-shopping-intervention-effect-on-purchasing-behaviors-among-latina-shoppers
#16
Hortensia Amaro, Dharma E Cortés, Samantha Garcia, Lei Duan, David S Black
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in food-purchasing knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior after viewing nutrition education videos among Los Angeles, California Latinas responsible for household grocery shopping. METHODS: From February to May 2015, a convenience sample of 113 Latinas watched 1 video (El Carrito Saludable) featuring MyPlate guidelines applied to grocery shopping (1-video intervention) and another convenience sample of 105 Latinas watched 2 videos (El Carrito Saludable and Ser Consciente), the latter featuring mindfulness to support attention and overcome distractions while grocery shopping (2-video intervention)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322658/on-the-frontlines
#17
Benissa E Salem, Jordan Kwon, Masha Ames
Homeless service providers (HSPs) are on the frontlines of caring for the most vulnerable populations to help them navigate out of homelessness and access health and social services. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand, from the perspectives of HSPs ( N = 19; age range, 27-58 years; SD = 10.37), their account and experiences in working with homeless women (HW), and opportunities for intervention development and integration. Five focus groups were conducted with HSPs in Central City East, Los Angeles...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321384/operative-strategies-to-minimize-complications-following-resection-of-pituitary-macroadenomas
#18
Jayesh P Thawani, Ashwin G Ramayya, Jared M Pisapia, Kalil G Abdullah, John Y-K Lee, M Sean Grady
Introduction We sought to identify factors associated with increased length of stay (LOS) and morbidity in patients undergoing resection of pituitary macroadenomas. Methods We reviewed records of 203 consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal resection of a pituitary macroadenoma (mean age = 55.7 [16-88]) years, volume = 11.3 (1.0-134.3) cm(3). Complete resection was possible in 60/29.6% patients. Mean follow-up was 575 days. Multivariate logistic regression was performed using MATLAB...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321141/adjunct-analgesic-use-for-acute-pain-in-the-emergency-department
#19
James Priano, Brian Faley, Gabrielle Procopio, Kevin Hewitt, Joseph Feldman
Purpose: Multimodal analgesia is common practice in the postoperative setting, but the utility of adjunctive analgesia in the emergency department (ED) is less understood. The primary objective of this study was to analyze ED prescriber ordering habits for adjunct nonopioid pain medication for opioid-naïve patients who require intravenous (IV) morphine or hydromorphone for acute pain. Secondary objectives were to assess initial and total opioid consumption in morphine equivalent units (MEU), pain scores, and ED length of stay (LOS) between groups...
February 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320545/haloperidol-undermining-gastroparesis-symptoms-hugs-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Rene Ramirez, Philip Stalcup, Brandon Croft, Michael A Darracq
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis associated nausea, vomiting & abdominal pain (GP N/V/AP) are common presentations to the emergency department (ED). Treatment is often limited to antiemetic, prokinetic, opioid, & nonopioid agents. Haloperidol (HP) has been shown to have analgesic & antiemetic properties. We sought to evaluate HP in the ED as an alternative treatment of GP N/V/AP. METHODS: Using an electronic medical record, 52 patients who presented to the ED w/GP N/V/AP secondary to diabetes mellitus and were treated w/HP were identified...
March 12, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
57289
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"