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Postpartum mania

Verinder Sharma
INTRODUCTION: The development of mania during weaning is an underreported phenomenon that has received little attention in the recent past. Lack of timely diagnosis and effective management can negatively affect not only the mother but also her family. Main issue: I describe the case of a woman who experienced onset of mixed mania during weaning. At that time, she was diagnosed with bipolar I disorder, current episode manic, and a mixed-features specifier. The woman had a history of bipolar II disorder and a family history of postpartum depression and bipolar disorder...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Mania Kaveh, Kobra Tahermanesh, Soheil Hanjani, Seyedeh Mehr Abed
Uterine atony is the most common cause of postpartum hemorrhage and can lead to maternal mortality and morbidity [1]. When conservative management fails, surgical intervention is necessary. In 1997, Christopher B-Lynch pioneered the use of a brace-like suturing technique that mechanically compresses the uterus in cases of uterine atony. Subsequently, others have modified the procedure to increase its effectiveness This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Emma Molyneaux, Laurence A Telesia, Carol Henshaw, Elizabeth Boath, Eleanor Bradley, Louise M Howard
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in the postnatal period and can lead to adverse effects on the infant and wider family, in addition to the morbidity for the mother. It is not clear whether antidepressants are effective for the prevention of postnatal depression and little is known about possible adverse effects for the mother and infant, particularly during breastfeeding. This is an update of a Cochrane Review last published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antidepressant medication for the prevention of postnatal depression, in comparison with any other treatment, placebo or standard care...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Katie J S Lewis, Arianna Di Florio, Liz Forty, Katherine Gordon-Smith, Amy Perry, Nick Craddock, Lisa Jones, Ian Jones
BACKGROUND: Women with bipolar disorder are at high risk of affective psychoses following childbirth (i.e. "postpartum psychosis", PP) and there is a need to identify which factors underlie this increased risk. Vulnerability to mood dysregulation following sleep loss may influence risk of PP, as childbirth is typified by sleep disruption. We investigated whether a history of mood episodes triggered by sleep loss was associated with PP in women with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: Participants were 870 parous women with BD recruited to the Bipolar Disorder Research Network...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Kara E Driscoll, Dorothy K Y Sit, Eydie L Moses-Kolko, Emily Pinheiro, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Heather F Eng, James F Luther, Crystal T Clark, Stephen R Wisniewski, Katherine L Wisner
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a prospective naturalistic study of pregnant women with bipolar disorder (BD) to evaluate symptoms of BD across childbearing and assess whether pharmacotherapy reduced their severity. METHODS: Assessments were scheduled at 20, 30, and 36 weeks' gestation and 2, 12, 26, and 52 weeks postpartum. Symptoms were assessed using the Structured Interview Guide for the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-Atypical Depression Supplement (SIGH-ADS) and Mania Rating Scale (MRS)...
June 2017: Bipolar Disorders
S C Broeks, H Thisted Horsdal, K Glejsted Ingstrup, C Gasse
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is often associated with a lifetime indication for treatment with psychotropic drugs, thus pregnant women face the dilemma whether to continue treatment or not. This study describes the psychopharmacological drug utilization patterns among women with bipolar disorder from 12 months preconception to 12 months postpartum. METHODS: We conducted a register-based cohort study among all Danish women aged 15-55 with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, who gave birth to their first and singleton child between January 1997 and December 2012...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Chutima Roomruangwong, Sinaporn Withayavanitchai, Michael Maes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of different predictors on the incidence and severity of postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms in a Thai population. METHODS: In this case control study we delineate the clinical, demographic and socio-economic risk factors associated with PPD symptoms. We used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) 4-6 weeks postpartum to divide parturients into those with (n = 53) and without (n = 260) PPD using a cutoff score of 11...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Sercan Bulut Çelik, Gamze Erten Bucaktepe, Ayşegül Uludağ, İbrahim Umud Bulut, Özgür Erdem, Kürşat Altınbaş
INTRODUCTION: Mixed depression is a clinical condition accompanied by the symptoms of (hypo)mania and is considered to be a predictor for bipolar disorder. Compared to pure major depression, mixed depression is worse in progress. There are limited data on the prevalence of mixed depression since it is a relatively new entity. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of mixed depression during the postpartum period which is risky for mood disorders. METHODS: The study included 63 postpartum women...
November 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Veerle Bergink, Natalie Rasgon, Katherine L Wisner
OBJECTIVE: Psychosis or mania after childbirth is a psychiatric emergency with risk for suicide and infanticide. METHOD: The authors reviewed the epidemiologic and genetic research and physiological postpartum triggers (endocrine, immunological, circadian) of psychosis. They also summarized all systematic reviews and synthesized the sparse clinical studies to provide diagnostic recommendations, treatment options, and strategies for prevention. RESULTS: The incidence of first-lifetime onset postpartum psychosis/mania from population-based register studies of psychiatric admissions varies from 0...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Narendra Kumar, Anil Kumar Mysore Nagaraj, Umashree Koudike, Sumanth Mallikarjuna Majgi
BACKGROUND: A range of psychological disorders occur in women in the postpartum period apart from the traditional blues, postpartum depression and psychosis. These include obsession of infanticide, PTSD, morbid preoccupations regarding child birth and disorders of mother-infant relationships, though they are under emphasized. METHODS: it is a cross-sectional study conducted in the tertiary maternity care hospital. A total of 152 study subjects were interviewed on MINI (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory) and GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning) within 2 weeks after delivery...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Wendy K Marsh, Bernice Gershenson, Anthony J Rothschild
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mood symptom experience of women with bipolar disorder during the menopausal transition (MT). Yet times of rapid hormonal decline, such as the postpartum, are associated with increased risk of severe mood episodes in bipolar disorder, and the MT is a time of increased risk for unipolar depression in women with or without a history of depression. METHODS: Enrollment included 56 women 40-60 years old diagnosed in the bipolar spectrum who were experiencing menopausal symptoms or were up to 5 years since their final menstrual period...
December 2015: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
Chloe E Mighton, Angela J Inglis, Prescilla B Carrion, Catriona L Hippman, Emily M Morris, Heather J Andrighetti, Rolan Batallones, William G Honer, Jehannine C Austin
While women with a history of major depressive disorder (MDD) have higher chances for postpartum depressive and manic episodes, little is known about their chance for postpartum psychosis (PPP). We prospectively assessed the frequency of perinatal psychotic symptoms among primiparous women with a history of MDD only (structured clinical interview was used to exclude women with pre-existing histories of mania or psychosis) and explored whether sex of the baby influenced these symptoms.The presence of symptoms of psychosis was defined using previously established cutoff scores on five key items from the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), which was administered during pregnancy, at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postpartum...
April 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
A C Ndukuba, P C Odinka, R C Muomah, S O Nwoha
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and labor in areas with high maternal morbidities as in Nigeria could be sufficiently stressful to precipitate mental disorders in women after delivery, which may be a new or a relapse of previously existing one, or an exacerbation of an attenuated mental illness in the nursing mother. Mental illness in a nursing mother, if not treated may result in impaired mother-infant relationship. AIM: To determine the clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of women diagnosed with postpartum psychiatric conditions in a tertiary mental health facility of a developing country...
May 2015: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Tamara Cristescu, Sophie Behrman, Simon Vann Jones, Leonidas Chouliaras, Klaus P Ebmeier
The postnatal period appears to be associated with higher rates of adjustment disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, and depression. Women who have a history of serious mental illness are at higher risk of developing a postpartum relapse, even if they have been well during pregnancy. Psychiatric causes of maternal death are more common than some direct causes of death. UK rates increased from 13/100,000 in 2006-2008 to 16/100,000 in 2010-2012, higher than, for example, mortality caused by haemorrhage or anaesthetic complications of childbirth...
March 2015: Practitioner
Crystal T Clark, Dorothy K Y Sit, Kara Driscoll, Heather F Eng, Andrea L Confer, James F Luther, Stephen R Wisniewski, Katherine L Wisner
BACKGROUND: Women with bipolar disorder (BD) are at high risk for postpartum affective episodes and psychosis. Although validated screening tools are available for postpartum unipolar depression, few screening tools for hypomania/mania exist. Screening tools for BD in the postpartum period are essential for improving detection and planning appropriate treatment. We evaluated whether adding the Mood Disorders Questionnaire (MDQ) to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) increased the identification of BD in the early postpartum period...
July 2015: Depression and Anxiety
Emmanuelle C S Bostock, Kenneth C Kirkby, Michael I Garry, Bruce V M Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Mania in bipolar disorder (BD) and partial (focal) seizures (PS) arising from the temporal lobes, have a number of similarities. Typically, a chronic course of the disorders is punctuated by acute illness episodes. Common features of episodes may include sensory, perceptual, cognitive and affective changes. Both respond to anticonvulsant treatment. Common mechanisms imputed include neurotransmitters and kindling processes. Further investigation may improve understanding of the occurrence of both mania and PS, casting light on the relevance of temporal lobe mediated processes and pathology...
September 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Veerle Bergink, Karin M Burgerhout, Kathelijne M Koorengevel, Astrid M Kamperman, Witte J Hoogendijk, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg, Steven A Kushner
Postpartum psychosis is a severe disorder that warrants acute clinical intervention. Little is known, however, about what interventions are most effective. The authors present treatment response and remission outcomes at 9 months postpartum using a four-step algorithm in patients with first-onset psychosis or mania in the postpartum period. Treatment involved the structured sequential administration of benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, lithium, and ECT. The outcome of clinical remission was examined in 64 women consecutively admitted for postpartum psychosis...
February 1, 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
Zoltan Rihmer, Xenia Gonda, Annamaria Rihmer, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis
Abstract Suicide attempt, and particularly completed suicide are relatively rare events in the community, but they are very common among psychiatric patients. Since over 90% of suicide victims suffer from (mostly untreated) current major mental disorders (particularly from major depressive episode), psychiatric risk factors are the clinically most useful predictors, especially if psychosocial and demographic risk factors are also pesent. Violent behaviours associated with mood disorders constitute a related yet independently also important aspect of this illness, and assessment and management of violence is a key component of everyday psychiatric practice...
June 2010: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Arianna Di Florio, Lisa Jones, Liz Forty, Katherine Gordon-Smith, Nick Craddock, Ian Jones
OBJECTIVES: To compare rates of bipolar episodes following miscarriage and termination with those occurring in the postpartum period. METHODS: Information in relation to pregnancy and childbirth was gathered retrospectively for 1,283 women with broadly defined bipolar disorder by interview and case-notes review. RESULTS: Rates of mania or affective psychosis were significantly higher after full-term delivery than after termination (p < 0...
February 2015: Bipolar Disorders
Anja W M M Stevens, Bart Geerling, Ralph W Kupka
BACKGROUND: In contrast to postpartum mood episodes in women with bipolar disorder, little is known about the risk of recurrence in men with bipolar disorder who have just become fathers. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a man with bipolar disorder who had a manic episode immediately after becoming a father. His spouse had a normal pregnancy, and delivery started during daytime and lasted until the early morning hours. The patient subsequently developed a manic episode, which had a major impact on the family...
February 2014: Bipolar Disorders
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