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bed sores

Van Nguyen, Abdul Q Javaid, Mary A Weitnauer, Van Nguyen, Abdul Q Javaid, Mary A Weitnauer, Abdul Q Javaid, Mary A Weitnauer, Van Nguyen
Impulse radio ultra-wide band (IR-UWB) radar has recently emerged as a promising candidate for non-contact monitoring of respiration and heart rate. Different studies have reported various radar based algorithms for estimation of these physiological parameters. The radar can be placed under a subject's mattress as he lays stationary on his back or it can be attached to the ceiling directly above the subject's bed. However, advertent or inadvertent movement on part of the subject and different postures can affect the radar returned signal and also the accuracy of the estimated parameters from it...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Bryce B Reeve, Molly McFatrich, Laura C Pinheiro, David R Freyer, Ethan M Basch, Justin N Baker, Janice S Withycombe, Lillian Sung, Jennifer W Mack, Mia K Waldron, Catriona Mowbray, Diana Palma, Pamela S Hinds
CONTEXT: The National Cancer Institute created the Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) to allow direct input on symptomatic AEs from adult patients in oncology trials. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the youngest age to complete the PRO-CTCAE, evaluated comprehension of PRO-CTCAE among adolescents, tested new items not currently in PRO-CTCAE, and tested a parent-proxy version. METHODS: From 7 pediatric cancer hospitals, 51 adolescents (13-20 years) receiving cancer treatment participated, along with 40 parent-proxies...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Tonya Moyse, Jacqueline Bates, Matthew Karafa, Angela Whitman, Nancy M Albert
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to validate a 10-factor model of risk factors for hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) risk in patients with vascular disease. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Medical reviews identified 800 patients from a 1063 admissions from a 1400 bed quarternary care hospital in the midwestern United States. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients treated during an 18-month period on a medical-surgical vascular progressive care unit were reviewed...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Jane R Oliver, Nevil Pierse, Niki Stefanogiannis, Catherine Jackson, Michael G Baker
AIM: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an important public health problem in low- and middle-income countries and in certain populations in high-income countries. Indigenous Australians, and New Zealand Māori and Pacific people, have incidence rates among the highest in the world. We aimed to investigate ARF cases' housing conditions and sore throat treatment to identify opportunities for improving ARF prevention in New Zealand. METHODS: Recently diagnosed cases and their care givers were interviewed...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Emilie Viollet, Fabrice Nouvel, Dominique Richard, Mylène Blot, Arnaud Dupeyron
OBJECTIVE: Heel bedsore is frequent in population motionless more than 50years old. The score of risk of bedsore do not take into account the biomechanical factor, as the flessum of knee. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the angle of knee flexion in a supine position with joint relaxation and the maximum interface pressure at the heel area. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is a cohort with one investigator center, which is in MPR department, CHU de Nîmes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ahmed El-Sabbagh
BACKGROUND: Lesions in perineal area are common. The usual treatment is coverage by skin graft and flaps which may be local, pedicled or free types. In this paper V-Y flaps were used to cover the defects. METHODS: V-Y flaps were used in the gluteal area in 15 patients. Lesions were due to different causes. RESULTS: Of 15 patients, 11 were males and 4 were females. Their ages ranged from 3 weeks to 52 years old. Two cases were due to myelomeningocele, necrotizing fasciitis (2 cases) and the rest were due to bed sores (11 cases)...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Jason McCarthy, Amy Davis
Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are the most common complication of osteoporosis, affecting more than 700,000 Americans annually. Fracture risk increases with age, with four in 10 white women older than 50 years experiencing a hip, spine, or vertebral fracture in their lifetime. VCFs can lead to chronic pain, disfigurement, height loss, impaired activities of daily living, increased risk of pressure sores, pneumonia, and psychological distress. Patients with an acute VCF may report abrupt onset of back pain with position changes, coughing, sneezing, or lifting...
July 1, 2016: American Family Physician
Hyun Ho Han, Eun Jeong Choi, Suk Ho Moon, Yoon Jae Lee, Deuk Young Oh
The sacral area is the most common site of pressure sore in bed-ridden patients. Though many treatment methods have been proposed, a musculocutaneous flap using the gluteus muscles or a fasciocutaneous flap is the most popular surgical option. Here, we propose a new method that combines the benefits of these 2 methods: combined V-Y fasciocutaneous advancement and gluteus maximus muscle rotational flaps. A retrospective review was performed for 13 patients who underwent this new procedure from March 2011 to December 2013...
2016: BioMed Research International
Pasquale Niscola, Andrea Tendas, Marco Giovannini, Adriana Costa, Daniela Venditti, Laura Volta, Luigi Malandruccolo, Stefania Sabbadini, Rosa Lasorella, Paolo de Fabritiis, Rita Cassetta, Alessiox Pio Perrotti
Pressure sores are a major complication in the bed-ridden older patient. In this report, we present the case of platelet rich plasma (PRP) application for the treatment of a pressure sore in an 88-year-old female affected by transfusion-dependent chronic inflammatory disease anemia associated with the congenital and inherited condition of thalassemic trait carrier. A weekly application schedule was planned at-home, given the patient's debilitation and her decreased performance status as well as personal and family difficulties to go as outpatients at our treatment center...
June 8, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Jeong-Hee Kang, Chul-Woung Kim, Sang-Yi Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between nursing workload and nurse-perceived patient adverse events. METHODS: A total of 1,816 nurses working in general inpatient units of 23 tertiary general hospitals in South Korea were surveyed, and collected data were analyzed through multilevel logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Among variables related to nursing workload, the non-nursing task experience had an influence on all four types of patient adverse events...
February 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Michael J Denham
Doreen Norton was a delightful, widely respected nurse who devoted her life to improving the care of elderly people. She researched the neglected problem of pressure sores, revolutionised their nursing care, and thus achieved international fame. Her Pressure Sore Scale was established as a management tool and is still used today. She was a key member of the design team that produced the 'King's Fund Bed', researched equipment required on geriatric wards, assessed all geriatric long stay units in Scotland and established research as a valuable nursing tool within her profession and health authorities...
May 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Chengjie Jia, Bin Su, Lili Gong, Wenying Wang, Xiuhua Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy difference between encircling needling combined with physical factor therapy and simple physical factor therapy for severe pressure sore, and to explore the optimal method for severe pressure sores. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with IV-grade pressure sore were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 17 cases in each one. Patients in the control group were treated with conventional nursing, ultrasonic wave and short-wave ultraviolet therapy; additionally, the encircling needling was applied in the observation group...
November 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Aileni Amarender Reddy, P Anoop Kumar, Sistla Sailaja, Yshs Chakravarthy, Rampalli Viswa Chandra
Soft tissue deficiencies and defects around dental implants have been observed frequently. Soft-tissue defects after implant procedures originate from the process of modelling of periimplant mucosa and often cause aesthetic disharmony, food debris accumulation and soft tissue shrinkage. Periimplant mucogingival surgery focuses on creating an optimum band of keratinized tissue resulting in soft tissue architecture similar to the gingiva around natural teeth. A 23-year-old male reported to the Department of Periodontology with a complaint of gum soreness, foul smell and food accumulation at a site where a 3...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
A Ashman, R Harris
METHODS: Ethical considerations: the protocol used in this evaluation was based upon current best practices and was reviewed and accepted by departmental heads prior to use. A protocol (see Figure 1) was devised based upon the aforementioned current evidence base.(3-6) Patients already able to eat and drink prior to treatment were excluded from the protocol; such cases were expected to be managed as outpatients in our Trust. Patients unable to eat and drink were then stratified according to risk level, with the aim of identifying patients who were likely to require at least 24 hours' admission...
January 18, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: Jakubowski, T.L., Perron, T.J., and Teixeira, E. (2015). Rashes in school: Can they stay, or should they go? NASN School Nurse, 30(5): 274-282. (Original DOI: 10.1177/1942602X15596815)In the September 2015 issue of NASN School Nurse, the images for Lyme Disease and Spider bites were reversed. The correct order appears below.spnas;31/1/61/TABLE11942602X15621761T1table1-1942602X15621761Table 5.Bites/Stings in ChildrenDiagnosis(Bites, Stings, cutaneous infestations)Rash DescriptionSigns and SymptomsStay in School or Go Home?PhotoLyme Disease (Borrelia burgdorferi)Transmitted by deer tickErythema rash when present, "Bull's eye rash" distinct red borders with central clearing...
January 2016: NASN School Nurse
Sharmila Nageswaran, Rekha Vijayakumar, Sudesh Sivarasu
Pressure ulcers are the major problem in the stroke management and rehabilitation. Prevention of pressure ulcer is of keen interest and is achieved by frequently changing the position of patient on the mattress. However, the care needs to be intensive to address this issue; else it would lead to pressure ulcer or bed sores formation. Skin surface over the bony prominences provide comparatively more pressure than the other regions. Therefore they are called as pressure vulnerable regions. Skin over these regions is more susceptible for formation of ulcers...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Yu-Ling Huang, Hui-Ling Lin, Fang Wang, Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu
Pressure sores are a common complication caused by long periods of bed rest following major surgery. These sores may increase patient postoperative pain, increase the risk of infections, lengthen the pe-riod of hospitalization, and increase the duration and costs of nursing care. Therefore, maintaining the skin integrity of surgical patients is an important responsibility for operating room nurses and an indicator of nursing care quality. While pressure-sore risk assessment tools and interoperative strategies are available and used in foreign countries, there has been little related research conducted in Taiwan...
December 2015: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Juh Hyun Shin, Ta Kyung Hyun
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between nurse staffing and quality of care in nursing homes in Korea. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design to describe the relationship between nurse staffing and 15 quality-of-care outcomes. Independent variables were hours per resident day (HPRD), skill mix, and turnover of each nursing staff, developed with the definitions of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and the American Health Care Association...
November 2015: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
L de Boisanger
BACKGROUND: This is a literature review of outcomes for patients with Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) who require admission to the intensive care unit for mechanical ventilation. Respiratory distress is the leading cause of death in the acute phase, and occurs in about 25 % of patients. AIMS: The aim of this review is to compile, analyse, and summarise the most relevant literature looking at outcomes for Guillain-Barré (GB) patients requiring admission to the intensive care unit and mechanical ventilation...
February 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Tracey L Yap, Mary Pat Rapp, Susan Kennerly, Stanley G Cron, Nancy Bergstrom
PURPOSE: The Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Sore Risk is used to assess risk, and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid guidelines suggest the use of a tissue tolerance procedure that detects time-to-erythema (TTE) to further refine tissue tolerance, a component of the Braden Scale. The aim of this study was to compare the Braden Scale and TTE as risk classification methods and their utility in identifying care planning interventions. DESIGN: Descriptive study using retrospective chart review...
September 2015: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
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