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Swallowing disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143418/identification-of-swallowing-disorders-in-early-and-mid-stage-parkinson-s-disease-using-pattern-recognition-of-pharyngeal-high-resolution-manometry-data
#1
C A Jones, M R Hoffman, L Lin, S Abdelhalim, J J Jiang, T M McCulloch
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) can cause severe dysphagia, especially later in disease progression. Early identification of swallowing dysfunction may lead to earlier intervention. Pharyngeal high-resolution manometry (HRM) provides complementary information to videofluoroscopy, with advantages of being quantitative and objective. Artificial neural network (ANN) classification can examine non-linear relationships among multiple variables with relatively low bias. We evaluated if ANN techniques could differentiate between patients with PD and healthy controls...
November 16, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143195/normal-values-of-high-resolution-manometry-in-supine-and-upright-positions-in-a-thai-population
#2
Pitichote Hiranyatheb, Suriya Chakkaphak, Supphamat Chirnaksorn, Pattaraporn Lekhaka, Kaimuk Petsrikun, Kornkanok Somboonpun
BACKGROUND: Although cut-off values used in high-resolution manometry (HRM) to diagnose esophageal motility disorders are based on representative samples of the US population and assume a supine position, differences in population and body positioning can reportedly affect results. AIMS: To establish normal HRM values for Thai people in both supine and upright positions. METHODS: Forty-one healthy subjects were recruited, each of whom underwent solid-state HRM with ten 5-mL swallows of water in both the supine and upright positions...
November 15, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141375/-relationship-between-the-severity-of-reflux-esophagitis-and-the-esophageal-motility-features-on-high-resolution-manometry
#3
Z W Hu, Z G Wang, J M Wu, S R Tian, Y Zhang, X L Zhan, X Du, F Wang, R H Xin, H Xu
Objective: To analyze esophageal motility dysfunction in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with different severity of esophagitis, and the relationship between the esophageal motility dysfunction and the severity of esophagitis. Methods: GERD patients simultaneously undergone endoscopy and high-resolution manometry were divided into four groups: Non-esophagitis (Non-erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease, NERD) group, mild esophagitis group, moderate esophagitis group and severe esophagitis group. The gender and age were matched for each group, and every group consisted of 80 cases...
November 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141289/-a-retrospective-study-on-the-assessment-of-dysphagia-after-partial-laryngectomy
#4
T T Su, Z F Sun
Objective: To retrospectively investigate the long-term swallowing function of patients with laryngeal carcinoma, who underwent partial laryngectomy, discuss the effectiveness and reliability of Kubota drinking test in the assessment of patients with dysphagia, who underwent partial laryngectomy, and analyze the influence of different ways of operation on swallowing function. Methods: Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed on 83 patients with laryngeal carcinoma, who underwent partial laryngectomy between September 2012 and August 2015...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138887/-developments-in-dysphagia-diagnostics-presentation-of-an-interdisciplinary-concept
#5
REVIEW
C Pflug, T Flügel, J C Nienstedt
Demographic developments and medical progress will cause the already high prevalence of swallowing disorders to increase further in the future. With the same number of specialists and economic resources, it is necessary to improve the efficiency of dysphagia diagnostics and continue to offer patients a treatment concept tailored to their needs. Manifold and often co-existing causes of dysphagia require interdisciplinary cooperation in this area. Endoscopic swallowing diagnostics play a prominent role in dysphagia diagnostics and should always contain thorough endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract-the domain of the ENT specialist and phoniatrician...
November 14, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133255/high-prevalence-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-repair-of-esophageal-atresia
#6
Floor W T Vergouwe, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Katharina Biermann, Nicole S Erler, René M H Wijnen, Marco J Bruno, Manon C W Spaander
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Esophageal atresia is rare, but improved surgical and intensive care techniques have increased rates of survival in children, so there are now many adults with this disorder. Many patients with esophageal atresia develop gastroesophageal reflux (GER), raising concerns about increased risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE; prevalence of 1.3%-1.6% in general population) and esophageal carcinoma. We assessed the prevalence of BE and esophageal carcinoma in this population. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 289 patients with esophageal atresia at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Erasmus MC University Medical Center in The Netherlands, from May 2012 through March 2017...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124360/continuum-theory-presbyphagia-to-dysphagia-functional-assessment-of-swallowing-in-the-elderly
#7
Eliézia Helena de Lima Alvarenga, Giovana Piovesan Dall'Oglio, Emi Zuiki Murano, Márcio Abrahão
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether disclosed symptoms (coughing, choking and throat clearing) can be used as early predictors of swallowing disorders in non-hospitalized elderly population. In addition, to determine the presence of early findings of swallowing disorders through fiber optic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred subjects older than 60 years were recruited from local community social meetings for seniors, they fulfilled inclusion criteria, and were given an oral interview and underwent FEES, with findings classified as: (1) saliva stasis; (2) pharyngeal residue; (3) penetration; (4) aspiration; (5) laryngeal sensitivity...
November 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117726/construct-validity-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-eat-10
#8
Janina Wilmskoetter, Heather Bonilha, Ickpyo Hong, R Jordan Hazelwood, Bonnie Martin-Harris, Craig Velozo
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the construct validity of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) by determining its dimensionality, rating scale integrity, item-person match, precision and relationship with the degree of airway invasion and functional oral intake. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients' EAT-10 scores. We used the Rasch rating scale model. We investigated correlations between the EAT-10 and scores on the Penetration-Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS)...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097867/dysphagia-thinking-outside-the-box
#9
REVIEW
Hamish Philpott, Mayur Garg, Dunya Tomic, Smrithya Balasubramanian, Rami Sweis
Dysphagia is a common symptom that is important to recognise and appropriately manage, given that causes include life threatening oesophageal neoplasia, oropharyngeal dysfunction, the risk of aspiration, as well as chronic disabling gastroesophageal reflux (GORD). The predominant causes of dysphagia varies between cohorts depending on the interplay between genetic predisposition and environmental risk factors, and is changing with time. Currently in white Caucasian societies adopting a western lifestyle, obesity is common and thus associated gastroesophageal reflux disease is increasingly diagnosed...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097046/detection-of-voice-changes-due-to-aspiration-via-acoustic-voice-analysis
#10
Young Ae Kang, Jaeock Kim, Sung Ju Jee, Cheol Woo Jo, Bon Seok Koo
OBJECTIVE: Aspiration can occur during swallowing. The present study investigated the feasibility of identifying aspiration risk (AR) via acoustic voice parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 165 patients scheduled for a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) were included. The patients were divided into two groups (AR and non-AR) based on their VFSS results. The AR group, which had ingested materials on or below the vocal folds, included 59 patients (42 males and 17 females)...
October 30, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096777/efficacy-and-safety-of-pediatric-prolonged-release-melatonin-for-insomnia-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Paul Gringras, Tali Nir, John Breddy, Anat Frydman-Marom, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of novel pediatric-appropriate, prolonged-release melatonin minitablets (PedPRM) versus placebo for insomnia in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with or without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbidity, and neurogenetic disorders (NGD). METHOD: A total of 125 children and adolescents (2-17.5 years of age; 96.8% ASD, 3.2% Smith-Magenis syndrome [SMS]) whose sleep failed to improve on behavioral intervention alone were randomized (1:1 ratio), double-blind, to receive PedPRM (2 mg escalated to 5 mg) or placebo for 13 weeks...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092731/bioequivalence-of-cyclobenzaprine-hydrochloride-extended-release-capsule-taken%C3%A2-intact-or-sprinkled-over-applesauce%C3%A2
#12
Liat Adar, William Zarycranski, Jill B Conner, Jeffrey Dragone, Lindsay Janka, Laura Rabinovich-Guilatt
OBJECTIVE: Difficulty swallowing pills can compromise pain control in painful musculoskeletal disorders. This open-label, 2-period crossover study assessed pharmacokinetics and safety of cyclobenzaprine extended-release (CER) 30-mg capsule contents sprinkled over applesauce compared with intact capsules in healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 32 subjects were randomized to treatment sequences AB or BA (A = single CER intact capsule; B = single CER capsule contents sprinkled over applesauce (15 mL))...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091113/presentation-of-a-clinical-practice-protocol-for-patients-with-swallowing-disorders
#13
Mariana de Sousa Dutra Borges, Laura Davison Mangilli, Michelli Cristina Ferreira, Letícia Correa Celeste
PURPOSE: To describe the implementation process of a Clinical Practice Protocol for Patients with Swallowing Disorders (CPSD) in a public hospital of high technological density in the Federal District of Brazil. METHODS: This is an Experience Report study which describes the implementation process of a Clinical Practice Protocol for Patients with Swallowing Disorders in a public hospital of high technological density in the Federal District. RESULTS: The protocol was implemented in three stages: Stage 1 - literature search on the procedures that characterize the best propaedeutic and therapeutic practices; Stage 2 - discussion with a multidisciplinary team about the adjustments needed to implement the CPSD; and Stage 3 - Final proposal for the protocol implementation considering the particularities of the service...
October 26, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090601/expiratory-muscle-strength-training-improves-swallowing-and-respiratory-outcomes-in-people-with-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#14
Marinda Brooks, Emma McLaughlin, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of expiratory muscle strength training on communication and swallowing outcomes in adults with acquired motor based communication and/or swallowing difficulties of any aetiology. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted. Six databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPEECHBYTE, AMED and PUBMED) were searched from inception until end of May 2016. Randomised and non-randomised controlled studies and pre-test/post-test studies published in English that investigated the effects of expiratory muscle strength training were included...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089268/oesophageal-motor-function-in-chronic-intestinal-idiopathic-pseudo-obstruction-a-study-with-high-resolution-manometry
#15
Aurelio Mauro, Guido Basilisco, Marianna Franchina, Alessandra Elvevi, Delia Pugliese, Dario Conte, Roberto Penagini
BACKGROUND: Chronic intestinal idiopathic pseudo-obstruction (idiopathic CIPO) is a rare heterogeneous condition for which the different phenotypes are difficult to be established. Oesophageal motility has shown to be impaired in patients with idiopathic CIPO at traditional manometry, whereas no studies have assessed it by high resolution manometry (HRM). AIMS: To evaluate oesophageal motility by HRM in patients with idiopathic CIPO. METHODS: 14 patients with idiopathic CIPO underwent oesophageal HRM...
October 20, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069232/qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-oropharyngeal-swallowing-in-down-syndrome
#16
André Vinicius Marcondes Natel Sales, Célia Maria Giacheti, Paula Cristina Cola, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva
PURPOSE: To describe the qualitative and quantitative temporal analysis of oropharyngeal swallowing in children diagnosed with Down syndrome (DS) through a case series study of six individuals aged 4 to 17 months (mean age = 11.16 months; median = 12 months). METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative temporal analysis of swallowing using videofluoroscopy and specific software. The following parameters were assessed: presence or absence of oral incoordination, labial sphincter sealing incompetence, oral residue, posterior oral spillage, laryngotracheal penetration and aspiration, pharyngeal and total oral transit time (TOTT)...
October 23, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055467/diagnostic-evaluation-of-dysphagia-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-using-a-persian-version-of-dymus-questionnaire
#17
Sahar Danesh Pajouh, Negin Moradi, Mohammad Jafar Shaterzadeh Yazdi, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Mohammad Mehravar, Nastaran Majdinasab, Ali Reza Olapour, Majid Soltani, Fatemeh Khanchezar
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is a chronic neurological disease that may cause swallowing disorders. Dysphagia is a common problem, which patients with different levels of disability may encounter, but it is usually underestimated; therefore, effective assessments need to be performed before any serious complications. The aim of this study was to identify the frequency and characteristics of dysphagia in multiple sclerosis patients of Khuzestan MS society, using a Persian version of Dysphagia in Multiple Sclerosis (DYMUS) questionnaire...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055454/spontaneous-yawning-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-polygraphic-study
#18
Hülya Uluğut Erkoyun, Yeşim Beckmann, Nazlı Gamze Bülbül, Tülay Kurt İncesu, Nevin Gürgör Kanat, Cumhur Ertekin
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) suffer from the repetitive yawning and sleep problems. Yawning is observed in MS and other central nervous system disorders and yawning and swallowing may be controlled by the network of the brain stem. Therefore it is important to investigate the MS patients with various clinical and radiological locations in order to understand the role of brainstem on the yawning mechanisms. One hour polygraphic recording would be crucial method for this purpose, because it is easy to observe spontaneous yawning (SY) and spontaneous swallowing (SS) together with their electrophysiologic counterparts...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054821/an-in-vitro-experiment-to-simulate-how-easy-tablets-are-to-swallow
#19
M Marconati, S Raut, A Burbidge, J Engmann, M Ramaioli
The compliance of patients to solid oral dosage forms is strongly conditioned by the perceived ease of swallowing, especially in geriatric and pediatric populations. This study proposes a method, based on an in vitro model of the human oropharyngeal cavity, to study quantitatively the oral phase of human swallowing in presence of single or multiple tablets. The dynamics of swallowing was investigated varying the size and shape of model tablets and adjusting the force applied to the mechanical setup to simulate tongue pressure variations among individuals...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052849/clinical-applications-of-iddsi-framework-for-texture-recommendation-for-dysphagia-patients
#20
Mingsong Su, Gangying Zheng, Yanqiu Chen, Hua Xie, Weijia Han, Qing Yang, Jianqin Sun, Zhihong Lv, Jianshe Chen
Dysphagia is a highly prevalent eating and swallowing disorder among elderly people, impacting negatively on the health and well-being of those afflicted. With increasing populations of elderly people, food industries are under growing pressure to produce appropriately texture-modified food for safe consumption by these vulnerable populations. Recently published IDDSI framework provides a new global guideline on texture modification and standardization for dysphagia patients. This work was designed to test the feasibility of IDDSI framework for clinical applications by assessing the correlation between swallowing capability of dysphagia patients and the IDDSI texture levels...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
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