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Swallowing disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330612/analysis-of-the-stomatognathic-system-of-children-according-orthodontic-treatment-needs
#1
Simone Cecílio Hallak Regalo, Bárbara de Lima Lucas, Kranya Victoria Díaz-Serrano, Nicolly Parente Ribeiro Frota, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Mariângela Salles Pereira Nassar, Mariah Acioli Righetti, Lígia Franco Oliveira, Lígia Maria Napolitano Gonçalves, Selma Siéssere, Marcelo Palinkas
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated electromyographic activity (EMG), masticatory performance, and tongue strength in children without and with orthodontic treatment needs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 90 children were screened and divided into the following groups: Group I (no treatment needed; mean age: 8.00 ± 0.43 years; n = 26), Group II (few malocclusions, treatment needed; mean age: 8.89 ± 0.43 years; n = 28), and Group III (slight-to-borderline treatment needed; mean age: 8...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329328/early-occurrence-of-inspiratory-muscle-weakness-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Guillaume Baille, Thierry Perez, David Devos, Valérie Deken, Luc Defebvre, Caroline Moreau
INTRODUCTION: In Parkinson's disease (PD), respiratory insufficiency (including functional and muscle disorders) can impact dysarthria and swallowing. Most studies of this topic have been performed retrospectively in populations of patients with advanced PD. The objective of the present study was to characterize lung function (under off-drug conditions) in early-stage PD patients at baseline and then again two years later. METHODS: Forty-one early-stage PD patients (mean ± SD age: 61...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327799/what-is-needed-to-prepare-speech-pathologists-to-work-in-adult-palliative-care
#3
Ashleigh Pascoe, Lauren J Breen, Naomi Cocks
BACKGROUND: Speech pathologists have a pivotal role in palliative care, assisting patients with swallowing and communication disorders, yet very little is known about the preparedness of speech pathologists to work in this field. AIMS: To investigate the preparedness of speech pathologists for working in palliative care. The term 'palliative care' was viewed as an encompassing umbrella term incorporating the management/reduction of symptoms and improvement in a person's quality of life at any point of the disease progression...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320883/the-prevalence-of-oral-stage-dysphagia-in-adults-presenting-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Órla Gilheaney, Sibylle Béchet, Patrick Kerr, Ciaran Kenny, Shauna Smith, Rita Kouider, Rachel Kidd, Margaret Walshe
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most commonly experienced non-dental orofacial pain disorders, with pain and dysfunction potentially resulting in oral stage dysphagia (OD). However, limited research has been conducted on this condition, with potential negative effects on clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of OD in adults presenting with TMDs, diagnosed as per the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders or the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders protocols...
January 11, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299645/transcutaneous-laryngeal-ultrasonography-for-laryngeal-immobility-diagnosis-in-patients-with-voice-disorders-after-thyroid-parathyroid-surgery
#5
Diane S Lazard, Héloïse Bergeret-Cassagne, Muriel Lefort, Laurence Leenhardt, Gilles Russ, Frédérique Frouin, Christophe Trésallet
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasonography (TLUS) was recently developed to assess recurrent nerve palsy after thyroid/parathyroid surgery, with variable rates of efficiency. The aim of the current study was to evaluate this technique using subjective estimation and post-processing quantitative data. METHODS: Fifty subjects presenting with a recurrent nerve palsy and 50 "controls" presenting with voice, swallowing, or breathing disorders following thyroid/parathyroid surgery were prospectively included...
January 3, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290580/diagnosis-and-management-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy-part-1-recommendations-for-diagnosis-rehabilitation-orthopedic-and-nutritional-care
#6
Eugenio Mercuri, Richard S Finkel, Francesco Muntoni, Brunhilde Wirth, Jacqueline Montes, Marion Main, Elena S Mazzone, Michael Vitale, Brian Snyder, Susana Quijano-Roy, Enrico Bertini, Rebecca Hurst Davis, Oscar H Meyer, Anita K Simonds, Mary K Schroth, Robert J Graham, Janbernd Kirschner, Susan T Iannaccone, Thomas O Crawford, Simon Woods, Ying Qian, Thomas Sejersen
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a severe neuromuscular disorder due to a defect in the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. Its incidence is approximately 1 in 11,000 live births. In 2007, an International Conference on the Standard of Care for SMA published a consensus statement on SMA standard of care that has been widely used throughout the world. Here we report a two-part update of the topics covered in the previous recommendations. In part 1 we present the methods used to achieve these recommendations, and an update on diagnosis, rehabilitation, orthopedic and spinal management; and nutritional, swallowing and gastrointestinal management...
November 23, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274834/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-neurology
#7
Rosa Burgos, Irene Bretón, Emanuele Cereda, Jean Claude Desport, Rainer Dziewas, Laurence Genton, Filomena Gomes, Pierre Jésus, Andreas Leischker, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Kalliopi-Anna Poulia, Jean Charles Preiser, Marjolein Van der Marck, Rainer Wirth, Pierre Singer, Stephan C Bischoff
Neurological diseases are frequently associated with swallowing disorders and malnutrition. Moreover, patients with neurological diseases are at increased risk of micronutrient deficiency and dehydration. On the other hand, nutritional factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. Multiple causes for the development of malnutrition in patients with neurological diseases are known including oropharyngeal dysphagia, impaired consciousness, perception deficits, cognitive dysfunction, and increased needs...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273816/novel-mealtime-duration-measures-reliability-and-preliminary-associations-with-clinical-feeding-and-swallowing-performance-in-self-feeding-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Avinash Mishra, Justine J Sheppard, Cagla Kantarcigil, Andrew M Gordon, Georgia A Malandraki
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine (a) the reliability of newly developed measures of mealtime duration and (b) their relationship to clinical feeding/swallowing performance in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Method: Seventeen self-feeding children (9 boys, 8 girls) with SCP (age range = 5;1 [years;months] to 17;6, Gross Motor Function Classification System range = I-IV) were assessed during mealtimes using the Dysphagia Disorder Survey (DDS; Sheppard, Hochman, & Baer, 2014)...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251763/de-novo-variants-in-klf7-are-a-potential-novel-cause-of-developmental-delay-intellectual-disability-neuromuscular-and-psychiatric-symptoms
#9
Z Powis, I Petrik, J S Cohen, D Escolar, J Burton, C M A van Ravenswaaij-Arts, D A Sival, A P A Stegmann, T Kleefstra, R Pfundt, R Chikarmane, A Begtrup, R Huether, S Tang, D N Shinde
Due to small numbers of reported patients with pathogenic variants in single genes, the phenotypic spectrum associated with genes causing neurodevelopmental disorders such as intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder is expanding. Among these genes is KLF7 (Krüppel-like factor 7), which is located at 2q33.3 and has been implicated in several developmental processes. KLF7 has been proposed to be a candidate gene for the phenotype of autism features seen in patients with a 2q33.3q34deletion. Herein, we report four unrelated individuals with de novo KLF7 missense variants who share similar clinical features of developmental delay/ID, hypotonia, feeding/swallowing issues, psychiatric features and neuromuscular symptoms, and add to the knowledge about the phenotypic spectrum associated with KLF7 haploinsufficiency...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236914/dental-status-oral-prosthesis-and-chewing-ability-in-an-adult-and-elderly-population-in-southern-brazil
#10
Alexandre Baumgarten, Jeanne Gabriele Schmidt, Rafaela Soares Rech, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the factors associated with inadequate chewing in an adult and elderly population of a city in the southern region of Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on a population home-based inquiry (DCH-POP) in southern Brazil. Individuals were interviewed by trained interviewers to create a standardized procedure. In a pilot study, the Questionnaire of Human Communication Disorders (DCH-POP) was created and validated to identify self-reported speech and language, swallowing and hearing disorders...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234939/the-role-of-preoperative-high-resolution-manometry-in-predicting-dysphagia-after-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication
#11
Sonam Kapadia, Turner Osler, Allen Lee, Edward Borrazzo
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic fundoplication is an accepted surgical management of refractory gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). The use of high resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) in preoperative evaluation is often applied to determine the degree of fundoplication to optimize reflux control while minimizing adverse sequela of postoperative dysphagia. OBJECTIVE: Assess the role of preoperative HRM in predicting surgical outcomes, specifically risk assessment of postoperative dysphagia and quality of life, among patients receiving laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for GERD with immediate postoperative (< 4 weeks clinic), short-term (3-month clinic), and long-term (34 ± 10...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230834/quantitative-examination-of-isometric-tongue-protrusion-forces-in-children-with-orofacial-dysfunctions-ofd-or-myofunctional-disorders
#12
Saskia Rohrbach, Friederike Buettner, Dörte Pollex, Philipp Mathmann, Leonie Weinhold, Robin Schubert, Ralf Reilmann
OBJECTIVES: Orofacial dysfunctions (OFD) or orofacial myofunctional disorders in children lead to severe problems in teeth and jaw position, articulation, chewing and swallowing. The forces of the tongue, the central muscle for articulation, chewing and swallowing is focused on in several studies. In this examination, isometric tongue protrusion forces (TPF) of children with OFD and controls were compared. METHODS: 30 participants with OFD and 30 controls were presented a target force level as a straight line on a monitor that they were supposed to match by generating an isometric tongue force for different target levels (0...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213001/-resumption-of-enteral-nutrition-using-enteral-formula-containing-sodium-alginate-following-hemorrhaging-after-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-a-case-report
#13
Tetsuro Akashi, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Risa Hashimoto, Naomi Koikawa, Masaki Yamada, Junko Shimizu, Chisato Kakegawa, Mari Nakamura, Chieko Kumamoto
Enteral nutrition is often performed in elderly patients with dysphagia. Choledocholithiasis is a disease that is common in elderly patients. Gastrointestinal hemorrhaging can occur in association with endoscopic sphincterotomy, and subsequent enteral nutrition must be carefully resumed. We herein report our experience using Mermed Plus containing sodium alginate after endoscopic hemostasis. The patient was an 88-year-old woman with an onset of gallstone cholangitis during rehabilitation after cerebral infarction...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198971/characteristics-of-feeding-tube-dependency-with-respect-to-food-aversive-behaviour-and-growth
#14
Markus Wilken, Peter Bartmann, Terence M Dovey, Soyhan Bagci
The use of feeding tubes in pediatric medical procedures and management has dramatically increased over the last three decades. With this increase, the prevalence of Feeding Tube Dependency (FTD) - a reliance on enteral feeding following medical recovery due to lack of oral intake of nutrition, despite being able to eat- has increased too. It has been suggested, that cases with FTD show avoidant feeding behaviours such as food refusal, gagging or swallowing resistance, but evidence for this hypothesis is scarce...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194030/prevalence-of-dysphagia-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#15
Janet Robertson, Darren Chadwick, Susannah Baines, Eric Emerson, Chris Hatton
Dysphagia (feeding and swallowing disorder) is associated with serious health complications and psychosocial sequelae. This review summarizes international research relating to the prevalence of dysphagia in people with intellectual disability. Studies published from 1990 to July 2016 were identified using Medline, Cinahl, PsycINFO, Web of Science, email requests, and cross-citations. Twenty studies were identified. Dysphagia in people with intellectual disability appears to be associated with more severe levels of intellectual disability, comorbid cerebral palsy, and motor impairments...
December 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185536/swallow-induced-syncope-in-5-patients-electrophysiologic-evaluation-during-swallowing
#16
Ibrahim Aydogdu, Can Hasdemir, Ahmet Acarer, Sezin Alpaydin, Cumhur Ertekin
Background: We sought to characterize a cohort of participants with swallow-induced syncope (SIS) with clinical and electrophysiologic evaluations. Methods: Using electrocardiographic monitoring and neurophysiologic methods of swallowing, we evaluated a cohort of 5 patients with SIS, 4 of whom had longitudinal follow-up. Results: We determined electrophysiologically that the duration between the onset of swallow and a bradyarrhythmia or asystole is extremely short (2-3 seconds) in SIS...
August 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184396/excessive-anterior-cervical-muscle-tone-affects-hyoid-bone-kinetics-during-swallowing-in-healthy-individuals
#17
Yasuhiro Yamazaki, Haruka Tohara, Koji Hara, Ayako Nakane, Yoko Wakasugi, Kohei Yamaguchi, Shunsuke Minakuchi
Purpose: This study aimed to determine whether excessive neck muscle tone affects hyoid bone kinetics during swallowing using videofluorography (VF) in an unnatural posture in healthy individuals. Subjects and methods: Subjects were 28 healthy adults (12 men, 16 women; mean age, 39.75±9.50 years) without any history or present complaints of swallowing disorders. We first established the participant's posture a reclining wheelchair that was adjusted to a 30-degree angle with the headrest (without excessive neck muscle tone) or without headrest (with excessive neck muscle tone), used an electromyogram above the mylohyoid muscle to represent the suprahyoid muscles and above the sternohyoid muscle to represent the infrahyoid muscles to confirm neck muscle tone, and then conducted VF of swallowing measurements...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182746/experiences-of-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-engaged-in-group-therapeutic-singing
#18
Elizabeth L Stegemöller, Tera R Hurt, Margaret C O'Connor, Randie D Camp, Chrishelda W Green, Jenna C Pattee, Ebony K Williams
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that leads to altered neural control of movement, including the control of voice, respiration, and swallowing. There is a prevalent need to provide therapy for voice, respiration, and swallowing difficulties because current pharmacological and surgical treatments do not effectively treat these impairments. Previous research has demonstrated that singing may be a treatment option to target voice, respiratory, and swallowing impairments, as well as quality of life...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180855/aural-stimulation-with-capsaicin-ointment-improved-swallowing-function-in-elderly-patients-with-dysphagia-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-comparative-study
#19
Eiji Kondo, Osamu Jinnouchi, Seiichi Nakano, Hiroki Ohnishi, Ikuji Kawata, Hidehiko Okamoto, Noriaki Takeda
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether aural stimulation with ointment containing capsaicin improves swallowing function in elderly patients with dysphagia. Study design: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, comparative study. Settings: Secondary hospital. Patients and methods: Twenty elderly dysphagic patients with a history of cerebrovascular disorder or Parkinson's disease were randomly divided into two groups: 10 receiving aural stimulation with 0...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174288/-update-on-the-respiratory-management-of-patients-with-chronic-neuromuscular-disease
#20
REVIEW
P Priou, W Trzepizur, N Meslier, F Gagnadoux
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular diseases include a wide range of conditions that may involve potentially life-threatening respiratory complications (infection, respiratory failure). SURVEILLANCE AND PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS: For patients with neuromuscular diseases, clinical assessment of respiratory function and regular pulmonary function tests are needed to screen for nocturnal respiratory disorders, weakness of the diaphragm and potential restrictive disorders and/or chronic hypercapnic respiratory insufficiency, possibly with couch deficiency...
November 21, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
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