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Poison control center

Brad Wright, Samantha Mestan, Monica Ahrens, Edward Bottei
OBJECTIVE: To describe current trends in nonopioid substance exposures and associated outcomes among teenagers nationwide. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, we used 2010-2015 data from the American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data System and Poisson tests to document trends in the rate of calls to poison control centers involving adolescents stratified by sex, exposures by substance category, proportion of intentional exposures, and severity of exposures...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Victoria Wan, Lorraine McIntyre, Debra Kent, Dennis Leong, Sarah B Henderson
BACKGROUND: Data from poison centers have the potential to be valuable for public health surveillance of long-term trends, short-term aberrations from those trends, and poisonings occurring in near-real-time. This information can enable long-term prevention via programs and policies and short-term control via immediate public health response. Over the past decade, there has been an increasing use of poison control data for surveillance in the United States, Europe, and New Zealand, but this resource still remains widely underused...
February 23, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Eddie Garcia, Abdul H Zaid, Diane P Calello, Lisa McHugh, Grant Arzumanov, Najaf Asrar, Ari Sapin, Kristin G Fless
BACKGROUND: Botulism is a paralytic disease caused by the neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. The majority of cases are due to ingestion or injection drug use. Wound botulism from traumatic injury is exceedingly rare, with only one to two cases reported each year in the United States. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with diplopia, dysphagia, and progressive weakness 10 days after sustaining a gunshot wound to his right lower leg...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Brandon J Warrick, Andrew King, Susan Smolinske, Ronald Thomas, Cynthia Aaron
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The threshold salicylate concentration commonly recommended to initiate extracorporeal elimination, in the absence of significant end-organ toxicity, is 100 mg/dL. Unfortunately, the grade of evidence to support this decision is low. Our primary aim is to describe highest reported salicylate concentrations in patients who died from acute salicylate ingestions. Our secondary aim is to determine if age or coingestants varied with highest reported salicylate concentration...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Christopher J Ruhm
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most prior estimates of opioid-involved drug poisoning mortality counts or rates are understated because the specific drugs leading to death are frequently not identified on death certificates. This analysis provides corrected national estimates of opioid and heroin/synthetic opioid-involved counts and mortality rates, as well as changes over time in them from 1999 to 2015. METHODS: Data on drug poisoning deaths to US residents from 1999 to 2015, obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Multiple Cause of Death (MCOD) files, were used with the drugs involved in fatal overdoses imputed when not identified on the death certificates...
February 12, 2018: Addiction
Joann Schulte, Kurt C Kleinschmidt, Kristina Domanski, Eric Anthony Smith, Ashley Haynes, Brett Roth
OBJECTIVES: Published reports have suggested that the concurrent use of alcohol or drugs occurs among some snakebite victims, but no national assessment of such data exists. METHODS: We used data from US poison control centers collected during telephone calls in calendar years 2000-2013 to compare snake envenomations with concomitant use of drugs, alcohol, or both to snakebites lacking such use. RESULTS: A total of 608 snakebites with 659 instances of concomitant alcohol/drug use were reported, which represent approximately 1% of 92,751 snakebites reported to US poison control centers...
February 2018: Southern Medical Journal
Ruiling Liu, Walter A Alarcon, Geoffrey M Calvert, Kathleen G Aubin, John Beckman, Karen R Cummings, Lucia S Graham, Sheila A Higgins, Prakash Mulay, Ketki Patel, Joanne B Prado, Abby Schwartz, Derry Stover, Justin Waltz
Total release foggers (TRFs) (also known as "bug bombs") are pesticide products often used indoors to kill insects. After an earlier report found that TRFs pose a risk for acute illness (1), the Environmental Protection Agency required improved labels on TRFs manufactured after September 2012 (2). To examine the early impact of relabeling, the magnitude and characteristics of acute TRF-related illness were evaluated for the period 2007-2015. A total of 3,222 TRF-related illnesses were identified in 10 participating states, based on three data sources: Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risk-Pesticides (SENSOR) programs, the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR) program, and poison control centers (PCCs) in Florida, Texas, and Washington...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Edoardo Picetti, Michela Generali, Francesca Mensi, Giampaolo Neri, Roberta Damia, Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin
A 55 years old man self-presented to our Emergency Department (ED) reporting an attempted suicide by cutting the left forearm veins and ingesting approximately 200 mL of an herbicide (Myrtos®, containing 36% of glyphosate as isopropylamine salt). Laboratory tests showed metabolic acidosis. Hydration with normal saline and alkalinization with sodium bicarbonate was started according to suggestion of the poison control center, since an antidote was unavailable. Cardiorespiratory condition gradually worsened, so that non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) was applied and infusion of fluids was established...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Gretchen Day, Peter Holck, Hillary Strayer, Kathryn Koller, Timothy Thomas
We compared rates of unintentional injury (UI) deaths (total and by injury category) among Alaska Native (AN) people to rates of U.S. White (USW) and Alaska White (AKW) populations during 2006-2015. The mortality data for AN and AKW populations were obtained from Alaska Bureau of Vital Statistics and USW mortality data were obtained from WISQARS, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention online injury data program. AN and AKW rates were age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 Standard Population and rate ratios (RR) were calculated...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Ben Enfield, Daniel E Brooks, Sharyn Welch, Maureen Roland, Jane Klemens, Kim Greenlief, Rachel Olson, Richard D Gerkin
BACKGROUND: There is little published data about human plant exposures reported to US poison control centers (PCCs). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all reported plant exposures to a single regional PCC between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2010 was done to understand better the characteristics of plant exposure cases. Specific generic plant codes were used to identify cases. Recorded variables included patient demographics, plant involved, exposure variables, symptoms, management site, treatments, and outcome...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
James H Diaz
Amatoxins are produced primarily by 3 species of mushrooms: Amanita, Lepiota, and Galerina. Because amatoxin poisonings are increasing, the objective of this review was to identify all amatoxin-containing mushroom species, present a toxidromic approach to earlier diagnoses, and compare the efficacies and outcomes of therapies. To meet these objectives, Internet search engines were queried with keywords to select peer-reviewed scientific articles on amatoxin-containing mushroom poisoning and management. Descriptive epidemiological analyses have documented that most mushroom poisonings are caused by unknown mushrooms, and most fatal mushroom poisonings are caused by amatoxin-containing mushrooms...
January 8, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
G Le Roux, I Leborgne, M Labadie, R Garnier, S Sinno-Tellier, J Bloch, M Deguigne, D Boels
CONTEXT: Among the numerous varieties of squash that exist, some are edible while other bitter-tasting ones are not fit for human consumption. Cases of confusion seem to be multiplying and are characterized by digestive problems (diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain). METHODS: This is a descriptive retrospective study of cases of exposure reported to French Poison Control Centers between 1 January 2012 and 12 December 2016. RESULTS: 353 patients were included, with 71...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Sarah Caupp, Janine Steffan, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Henry Xiang
CONTEXT: Opioids represent a drug class that adolescents and young adults intentionally misuse and abuse. When taken on their own or with other substances in this manner, opioids pose an increased risk of overdose and potential death. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends of opioid drug poisonings among adolescents and young adults in Ohio from 2002 to 2014 using Poison Control Center (PCC) data. METHODS: Data were obtained from Ohio PCCs from 2002 to 2014 for opioid drug poisonings amongst 10-29 year olds...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Stephen F Butler, Emily C McNaughton, Ryan A Black, Theresa A Cassidy
OBJECTIVE: Formulating prescription opioids to limit abuse remains a priority. OROS® extended-release (ER) hydromorphone HCl (EXALGO®) may have low abuse potential. Three post-marketing studies of the relative abuse liability of OROS hydromorphone ER were conducted. METHODS: Estimates of abuse, unadjusted and adjusted for prescription volume, were generated for OROS hydromorphone ER and comparators from Q2 2010 through Q2 2014 for a high-risk, substance abuse treatment population and the general population using poison control center data...
January 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Jessica M Biggs, Jill A Morgan, Allison B Lardieri, Omayma A Kishk, Wendy Klein-Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: The use of dietary supplements has increased and is associated with adverse effects. Indications for use include recreation, body image concerns, mood enhancement, or control of medical conditions. The risk of adverse effects may be enhanced if agents are used improperly. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of abuse and misuse of 4 dietary substances among adolescents reported nationally to poison centers. Secondary outcomes included an assessment of medical outcomes, clinical effects, location of treatments provided, and treatments administered...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Sara Karami, Jacqueline M Major, Silvia Calderon, Jana K McAninch
CONTEXT: Recent restrictions in access to and availability of dextromethorphan (DXM) cough and cold medications may correlate with changes in abuse exposures. OBJECTIVE: To extend and update existing knowledge about DXM abuse, we describe recent trends and patterns of calls to poison control centers involving DXM abuse, by demographics, geography, common brands, and medical outcomes. METHODS: We utilized data from the National Poison Data System (NPDS) maintained by the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC), which captures data on calls to U...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
Magali Labadie, Elisabeth O'Mahony, Lise Capaldo, Arnaud Courtois, Thierry Lamireau, Patrick Nisse, Ingrid Blanc-Brisset, Emmanuel Puskarczyk
BACKGROUND: Although the ingestion of button batteries is an infrequent situation, it leads to a significant risk of causing serious damage. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to describe all the cases of button battery ingestion recorded by the French Poison Control Centers over 16 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All the cases of button battery ingestion were recorded from 1 January 1999 to the end of June 2015, analysed (age, sex, number of ingested button batteries, clinical signs and treatments) and graded for severity according to the poisoning severity score...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Alice Wang, Royal Law, Rebecca Lyons, Ekta Choudhary, Amy Wolkin, Joshua Schier
CONTEXT: The National Poison Data System (NPDS) is a database and surveillance system for US poison centers (PCs) call data. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) use NPDS to identify incidents of potential public health significance. State health departments are notified by CDC of incidents identified by NPDS to be of potential public health significance. Our objective was to describe the public health impact of CDC's notifications and the use of NPDS data for surveillance...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
Stefanie Geith, Bertold Renner, Christian Rabe, Jochen Stenzel, Florian Eyer
BACKGROUND: Inquiries relating to ibuprofen overdose have more than tripled in the last ten years in our poison control center. Although the vast majority of cases have a benign clinical course, there are few severe or even fatal cases present with refractory circulatory failure. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 48 year-old male with suicidal mono-ingestion of approximately 72 g ibuprofen. Despite an initial rapid spontaneous drop in the total ibuprofen plasma concentration (IPC) from 550 to 275 mcg/mL within the first 5 h after admission, the patient developed a circulatory failure, refractory to aggressive fluid resuscitation and high doses of vasopressors...
December 12, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Christie Sun, Kathryn A Hollenbach, F L Cantrell
BACKGROUND: In January 2012, carisoprodol was classified as a Schedule IV substance under the controlled substances act from a previously non-controlled, non-scheduled classification. Carisoprodol is marketed as a skeletal muscle relaxant and is commonly cited for its abuse potential. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare volume of calls involving carisoprodol abuse or misuse to a statewide poison control system before and after the scheduling change. METHODS: Data were extracted from poison control calls coded as "misuse/abuse" involving carisoprodol from four years before (2008 to 2011) and four years after (2012 to 2015) the scheduling change...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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