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Poison control center

David C Sheridan, Robert G Hendrickson, Gillian Beauchamp, Amber Laurie, Rongwei Fu, B Zane Horowitz
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent intentional ingestions remain a significant public health problem in the United States with little research to date on the over-the-counter or prescription medicines that adolescents abuse. These data are important for anticipatory guidance by primary care providers, preventive health, and poison center outreach. METHODS: This was an observational study using the American Association of Poison Control Centers National Poison Data System. The study population consisted of all cases of patients aged 13 to 19 years from 2004 to 2013 with a coding of "intentional abuse...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Michael Levine, John Flores, Seth A Seabury, Stephen Sanko, Marc Eckstein
BACKGROUND: The public commonly calls 911 for unintentional ingestions, rather than calling the local poison center. By utilizing a series of scripted questions, 911 dispatchers in Los Angeles determine if an ingestion meets "omega-1" classification. Under such circumstances, the regional poison center is contacted prior to dispatch of paramedics. If the poison center advises that the patient can remain at home, EMS is not dispatched and the patient is followed at home by the poison center...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
J Drew Payne, David Michaels, Menfil Orellana-Barrios, Kenneth Nugent
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are often advertised as a healthier product when compared with traditional cigarettes. Currently, there are limited data to support this and only a threat of federal regulation from the US Food and Drug Administration. Calls to poison control centers about e-cigarette toxicity, especially in children, and case reports of toxic exposures have increased over the past 3 years. This research letter reports the frequency of hazardous exposures to e-cigarettes and characterizes the reported adverse health effects associated with e-cigarette toxicity...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Jimmy Donkor, Patil Armenian, Isaac N Hartman, Rais Vohra
BACKGROUND: As decontamination trends have evolved, gastric lavage (GL) has become a rare procedure. The current information regarding use, outcomes, and complications of GL could help refine indications for this invasive procedure. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine case type, location, and complications of GL cases reported to a statewide poison control system. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the California Poison Control System (CPCS) records from 2009 to 2012...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
David C Schwebel, Anna Johnston, Jenni Rouse
OBJECTIVE: A large portion of child restraint systems (car seats) are installed incorrectly, especially when first-time parents install infant car seats. Expert instruction greatly improves the accuracy of car seat installation but is labor-intensive and difficult to obtain for many parents. This study was designed to evaluate efficacy of three ways of communicating instructions for proper car seat installation: phone conversation; HelpLightning, a mobile application (app) that offers virtual interactive presence permitting both verbal and interactive (telestration) visual communication; and the manufacturer's user manual...
August 30, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Sebastian Miethe, Christelle Mazuet, Yvonne Liu, Robert Tierney, Christine Rasetti-Escargueil, Arnaud Avril, André Frenzel, Philippe Thullier, Thibaut Pelat, Remi Urbain, Alexandre Fontayne, Dorothea Sesardic, Michael Hust, Michel Robert Popoff
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are counted among the most toxic substances known and are responsible for human botulism, a life-threatening disease characterized by flaccid muscle paralysis that occurs naturally by food poisoning or colonization of the gastrointestinal tract by BoNT-producing clostridia. To date, 7 serologically distinct serotypes of BoNT (serotype A-G) are known. Due to the high toxicity of BoNTs the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have classified BoNTs as category A agent, including the six biological agents with the highest potential risk of use as bioweapons...
2016: PloS One
Ian R H Rockett, Christa L Lilly, Haomiao Jia, Gregory L Larkin, Ted R Miller, Lewis S Nelson, Kurt B Nolte, Sandra L Putnam, Gordon S Smith, Eric D Caine
Importance: Fatal self-injury in the United States associated with deliberate behaviors is seriously underestimated owing to misclassification of poisoning suicides and mischaracterization of most drug poisoning deaths as "accidents" on death certificates. Objective: To compare national trends and patterns of self-injury mortality (SIM) with mortality from 3 proximally ranked top 10 causes of death: diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease. Data, Setting, and Participants: Underlying cause-of-death data from 1999 to 2014 were extracted for this observational study from death certificate data in the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research online databases...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Bo Liu, Dongmei Cui, Tao Tang
Significant progress has been made with regard to temporally controlled radical and ring-opening polymerizations, for example, by means of chemical reagents, light, and voltage, whereas quantitative switch coordination polymerization is still challenging. Herein, we report the temporally and stereocontrolled 3,4-polymerization of isoprene through allosterically regulating the active metal center by alternating addition of Lewis basic pyridine to "poison" the Lewis acidic active metal species through acid-base interactions and Lewis acidic Al(i) Bu3 to release the original active species through pyridine abstraction...
September 19, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Valery Lavergne, Robert S Hoffman, James B Mowry, Monique Cormier, Sophie Gosselin, Darren M Roberts, Marc Ghannoum
A recent analysis of the American Association of Poison Control Centers database, showed that poisonings from toxins not usually considered amenable to extracorporeal purification ("non-classic toxins" such as ethanol and tricyclic antidepressants) continue to be reported. This publication investigates factors that may explain these findings. Our results suggest that: 1) the relatively high absolute number of ECTR performed for non-classic toxins may simply reflect the large number of exposures to these toxins, 2) poisoning from another toxin may have been the reason for ECTR initiation in some exposures to non-classic toxins, 3) poisoning from non-classic toxins may receive ECTR for purposes other than toxin removal, and 4) the decisional threshold to initiate ECTR may be lower for non-classic toxins because of heightened toxicity...
September 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
Patil Armenian, Alexander Olson, Andres Anaya, Alicia Kurtz, Rawnica Ruegner, Roy R Gerona
In 2013 and 2014, more than 700 deaths were attributed to fentanyl and fentanyl analogues in the United States. Of recent concern is the cluster of unintentional fentanyl overdoses because of tablets thought to be "Norco" purchased on the street in Northern California. U-47700 (trans-3,4-dichloro-N-[2-(dimethyl-amino)cyclohexyl]-N-methylbenz-amide) is a nonfentanyl-based synthetic opioid with 7.5 times the binding affinity of morphine to μ-opioid. We report a case of fentanyl and U-47700 intoxication from what was thought to be illicitly purchased Norco...
July 20, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Mehruba Anwar, Royal Law, Josh Schier
Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a plant consumed throughout the world for its stimulant effects and as an opioid substitute (1). It is typically brewed into a tea, chewed, smoked, or ingested in capsules (2). It is also known as Thang, Kakuam, Thom, Ketum, and Biak (3). The Drug Enforcement Administration includes kratom on its Drugs of Concern list (substances that are not currently regulated by the Controlled Substances Act, but that pose risks to persons who abuse them), and the National Institute of Drug Abuse has identified kratom as an emerging drug of abuse (3,4)...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Prakash R Mulay, Grethel Clark, William L Jackson, Geoffrey M Calvert
On August 19, 2015, the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) was notified by the Florida Poison Information Center Network and a local hospital of possible sulfuryl fluoride poisonings affecting a family in Martin County, in southeastern Florida. Sulfuryl fluoride is a highly toxic (toxicity category I) gas fumigant used for termite control of homes and buildings.* FDOH personnel in Martin County commenced an investigation and identified a family of five (a grandmother, mother, father, son, and daughter) exposed to sulfuryl fluoride after their house was fumigated...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Dilton Rodrigues Mendonça, Marta Silva Menezes, Marcos Antônio Almeida Matos, Daniel Santos Rebouças, Jucelino Nery da Conceição Filho, Reginara Souza de Assis, Leila Carneiro
Acute poisoning is a frequent accident in childhood, particularly in children under 4 years of age. This was a descriptive study with data collected from standardized forms of the Poison Control Center and patient record charts. All the cases of acute poisoning in children aged 0 to 14 years during the period 2008 to 2012 were selected. The variables studied comprised characteristics of the events and toxic agents, clinical development, and outcome. A total of 657 cases of acute poisoning, with higher frequency in the age-group from 1 to 4 years (48...
2016: Global Pediatric Health
Aurimar Ayala, Vjollca Berisha, Kate Goodin, Kristen Pogreba-Brown, Craig Levy, Benita McKinney, Lia Koski, Sara Imholte
Super Bowl XLIX took place on February 1, 2015, in Glendale, Arizona. In preparation for this event and associated activities, the Maricopa County Department of Public Health (MCDPH) developed methods for enhanced surveillance, situational awareness, and early detection of public health emergencies. Surveillance strategies implemented from January 22 to February 6, 2015, included enhanced surveillance alerts; animal disease surveillance; review of NFL clinic visits; syndromic surveillance for emergency room visits, urgent care facilities, and hotels; real-time onsite syndromic surveillance; all-hazards mortality surveillance; emergency medical services surveillance, review of poison control center reports; media surveillance; and aberration detection algorithms for notifiable diseases...
May 2016: Health Security
Alisha C Worth, Tina A Wismer, David C Dorman
OBJECTIVE To characterize the signalment, dose response, and clinical signs of diphenhydramine toxicosis in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 621 dogs with diphenhydramine exposure. PROCEDURES The electronic medical record database for an animal poison control center was reviewed from January 2008 through December 2013 to identify dogs that had ingested or been injected with diphenhydramine. Information extracted from the records and evaluated included the signalment, clinical signs observed, and estimated exposure dose of diphenhydramine...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Xiaojie Pan, Chichen Zhang, Jianzhong Zheng, Chunhui Su, Weihong Hu, Haifeng Zhao, Yuqian Mi, Congying Hao
OBJECTIVE: To grasp research status and the revolution of Journal of Hygiene Research since started publishing, and also track research hot spots and developing trends of this field. METHODS: Using the method of bibliometrics and information visualization software CiteSpace III, quantities of published literature, supported funds, institutions, authors and keywords from 6775 articles published in Journal of Hygiene Research from 1972 to 2014 were analyzed. RESULTS: Amount of literatures published on Journal of Hygiene Research increased wave upon wave, the peak appeared in 1995...
March 2016: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Jeong Mi Moon, Byeong Jo Chun, Yong Soo Cho
The aim of this study was to examine epidemiologic data regarding acute herbicide or insecticide poisoning in adults from 2011 to 2014 at the national level in South Korea. Further, the association between governmental regulations involving pesticides and changes in pesticide poisoning occurrences over time was determined. Data were obtained from the emergency department (ED)-based Injury In-depth Surveillance system conducted by the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC). Governmental regulations on pesticides were downloaded from the homepage of the Korea Rural Development Administration...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
James M Wooten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Sophie Willis, Ann Slattery, William King, Kimberley Benner
OBJECTIVES: Although Americans aged 65 years and older account for only 13.0% of the population, they consume one-third of all prescription medications each year. Increased life expectancy, age-related deterioration in health, and polypharmacy lead to a significant risk of potential medication errors. National Poison Data System studies have evaluated the older adult population and their interaction with poison centers; however, descriptive studies using regional poison center data to evaluate older adult-related medication errors, specifically in Alabama, have not been conducted...
June 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Júlio César Santos da Silva, Maria José Coelho, Cecília Maria Izidoro Pinto
Objective To determine the factors associated with death in poisoning victims by carbamate ("Chumbinho"). Method Retrospective study, epidemiological case-control based on poisoning reporting forms, a poison control center located in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro. We used 24 notification forms of poisoning in men aged 20 to 59 years with poisoning by carbamate history from 2005 to 2009. The records were randomly selected, respecting the ratio 1:3 (a case to three controls). The age range was 23-58 years, average 43...
June 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
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