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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214615/use-of-ankle-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-active-duty-military-population-the-results-of-a-process-improvement-project
#1
Harold J Goldstein, Richard K Hurley, Andrew J Sheean, Michael Tompkins, Patrick M Osborn
BACKGROUND: Preventing overuse of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing ankle pathology was the goal of a process improvement project at a military treatment facility. METHODS: Ordering patterns for MRI of nonorthopaedic providers and orthopaedic surgeons were evaluated over 2 separate periods. An educational initiative on appropriate use of MRI in evaluating ankle complaints was conducted between the 2 periods. RESULTS: Between October 2009 and March 2010, 230 ankle MRIs were performed at our institution, compared to 347 ankle MRIs performed between December 2012 and August 2013...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210927/pediatric-critical-care-medicine-training-2004-2016
#2
Meredith G van der Velden, Megan K Barrett, Gretchen A Sampadian, Richard J Brilli, Jeffrey P Burns
OBJECTIVES: To describe growth trends in the number of programs, positions, and applicants in pediatric critical care medicine fellowship training as part of the Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Training Study. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTINGS: Available archived Match data through the National Resident Matching Program and training data from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. PATIENTS: None...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210592/the-recent-pathology-residency-graduate-job-search-experience-a-synthesis-of-5-years-of-college-of-american-pathologists-job-market-surveys
#3
Dita Gratzinger, Kristen A Johnson, Mark D Brissette, David Cohen, Amyn M Rojiani, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Cindy B McCloskey, Cory A Roberts, Ronald E Domen, Michael L Talbert, Suzanne Z Powell
CONTEXT: - Pathology residents and fellows tailor their training and job search strategies to an actively evolving specialty in the setting of scientific and technical advances and simultaneous changes in health care economics. OBJECTIVE: - To assess the experience and outcome of the job search process of pathologists searching for their first non-fellowship position. DESIGN: - The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Graduate Medical Education Committee has during the past 5 years sent an annual job search survey each June to CAP junior members and fellows in practice 3 years or less who have actively searched for a non-fellowship position...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204501/academic-productivity-among-fellowship-associated-adult-total-joint-reconstruction-surgeons
#4
Adam Z Khan, Benjamin V Kelley, Ankur D Patel, David R McAllister, Natalie L Leong
Background: The Hirsch index (h-index) is a measure that evaluates both research volume and quality-taking into consideration both publications and citations of a single author. No prior work has evaluated academic productivity and contributions to the literature of adult total joint replacement surgeons. This study uses h-index to benchmark the academic impact and identify characteristics associated with productivity of faculty members at joint replacement fellowships. Methods: Adult reconstruction fellowship programs were obtained via the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons website...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196426/a-model-for-postdoctoral-education-that-promotes-minority-and-majority-success-in-the-biomedical-sciences
#5
Arri Eisen, Douglas C Eaton
How does the United States maintain the highest-quality research and teaching in its professional science workforce and ensure that those in this workforce are effectively trained and representative of national demographics? In the pathway to science careers, the postdoctoral stage is formative, providing the experiences that define the independent work of one's first faculty position. It is also a stage in which underrepresented minorities (URMs) disproportionately lose interest in pursuing academic careers in science and, models suggest, a point at which interventions to increase proportions of URMs in such careers could be most effective...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189596/procedural-training-and-assessment-for-pediatric-emergency-medicine-physicians-within-the-united-states-and-canada-a-survey-study
#6
Rebekah A Burns, Neil G Uspal
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine current practices in procedural training and skill assessment for attending physicians working in pediatric emergency departments within the United States and Canada and identify barriers to providing training and assessment. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey study. Members of the pediatric emergency medicine fellowship program directors and associate program directors Listserv were invited to participate in an anonymous survey about attending physician training and assessment practices for 9 specific procedures and barriers to training and assessment...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189304/interventional-pain-procedures-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residencies
#7
Sanjeev Agarwal, Caitlin Cicone, Philip Chang
Exposure to interventional pain procedures is now a required component of training in physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residencies as mandated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Data regarding resident exposure and competency in these procedures remains limited. Objectives were to determine the volume and type of exposure PM&R residents have to interventional pain procedures and to obtain faculty-perceived opinions regarding competency of incoming fellows as it pertains to interventional pain management...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187102/education-and-training-in-pediatric-cardiac-critical-care
#8
Mary E McBride, Dorothy M Beke, James D Fortenberry, Annette Imprescia, Louise Callow, Lindsey Justice, Ronald A Bronicki
Pediatric cardiac critical care is a new and emerging field. There is no standardization to the current education provided, and high-quality patient outcomes require such standardization. For physicians, this includes fellowship training, specific competencies, and a certification process. For advanced practice providers, a standardized curriculum as well as a certification process is needed. There is evidence that supports a finding that critical care nursing experience may have a positive impact on outcomes from pediatric cardiac surgery...
November 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178566/bridging-the-gap-for-future-clinician-educators
#9
Christen K Dilly, W Graham Carlos, Krista Hoffmann-Longtin, John Buckley, Anna Burgner
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the training required in the UK, opportunities for medical education training in the USA are limited. Resident-as-teacher programmes are typically insufficient to prepare trainees to be successful clinician-educators, but few pursue formal education degrees. We sought to assess the need for, and feasibility of, a training pathway for subspecialty fellows in a large Department of Medicine that would prepare our trainees to become effective educators. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative methods were used...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172577/psychology-public-policy-and-advocacy-past-present-and-future
#10
Ellen Greenberg Garrison, Patrick H DeLeon, Brian D Smedley
This article offers a historical perspective on the contributions of the field of psychology and the American Psychological Association (APA) to the public policy arena. It traces APA's involvement from a 1956 Council of Representatives resolution on the application of psychology to inform public policy to current advocacy initiatives related to psychological science, practice, and education in the public interest. Attention is directed to APA's early policy structures together with the development of affiliated state, provincial, and territorial psychological associations and the first political action committee for psychology...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169545/an-evaluation-of-the-availability-accessibility-and-quality-of-online-content-of-vascular-surgery-training-program-websites-for-residency-and-fellowship-applicants
#11
Bryant Y Huang, Taylor D Hicks, Georges M Haidar, Lori L Pounds, Mark G Davies
BACKGROUND: Vascular surgery residency and fellowship applicants commonly seek information about programs from the Internet. Lack of an effective web presence curtails the ability of programs to attract applicants, and in turn applicants may be unable to ascertain which programs are the best fit for their career aspirations. This study was designed to evaluate the presence, accessibility, comprehensiveness, and quality of vascular surgery training websites (VSTW). METHODS: A list of accredited vascular surgery training programs (integrated residencies and fellowships) was obtained from four databases for vascular surgery education: the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Electronic Residency Application Service, Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Database, and Society for Vascular Surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164161/determining-the-most-important-factors-involved-in-ranking-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-applicants
#12
Rishi Baweja, Matthew J Kraeutler, Mary K Mulcahey, Eric C McCarty
Background: Orthopaedic surgery residencies and certain fellowships are becoming increasingly competitive. Several studies have identified important factors to be taken into account when selecting medical students for residency interviews. Similar information for selecting orthopaedic sports medicine fellows does not exist. Purpose: To determine the most important factors that orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship program directors (PDs) take into account when ranking applicants...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163327/the-state-of-neurocritical-care-fellowship-training-and-attitudes-toward-accreditation-and-certification-a-survey-of-neurocritical-care-fellowship-program-directors
#13
Rajat Dhar, Venkatakrishna Rajajee, Anna Finley Caulfield, Matthew B Maas, Michael L James, Avinash Bhargava Kumar, Stephen A Figueroa, David McDonagh, Agnieszka Ardelt
Neurocritical care as a recognized and distinct subspecialty of critical care has grown remarkably since its inception in the 1980s. As of 2016, there were 61 fellowship training programs accredited by the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (UCNS) in the United States and more than 1,000 UCNS-certified neurointensivists from diverse medical backgrounds. In late 2015, the Program Accreditation, Physician Certification, and Fellowship Training (PACT) Committee of the Neurocritical Care Society (NCS) was convened to promote and support excellence in the training and certification of neurointensivists...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157228/fellowship-training-a-qualitative-study-of-scope-and-purpose-across-one-department-of-medicine
#14
Jolanta Karpinski, Rola Ajjawi, Katherine Moreau
BACKGROUND: Fellowship training follows certification in a primary specialty or subspecialty and focusses on distinct and advanced clinical and/or academic skills. This phase of medical education is growing in prevalence, but has been an "invisible phase of postgraduate training" lacking standards for education and accreditation, as well as funding. We aimed to explore fellowship programs and examine the reasons to host and participate in fellowship training, seeking to inform the future development of fellowship education...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147876/objective-differences-in-colonoscopy-technique-between-trainee-and-expert-endoscopists-using-the-colonoscopy-force-monitor
#15
Alexander R Ende, Piet De Groen, Bryan L Balmadrid, Joo Ha Hwang, John Inadomi, Tomasz Wojtera, Vladimir Egorov, Noune Sarvazyan, Louis Korman
BACKGROUND: Learning to perform colonoscopy safely and effectively is central to gastroenterology fellowship programs. The application of force to the colonoscope is an important part of colonoscopy technique. AIMS: We compared force application during colonoscopy between novice and expert endoscopists using a novel device to determine differences in colonoscopy technique. METHODS: This is an observational cohort study designed to compare force application during colonoscopy between novice and experienced trainees, made up of gastroenterology fellows from two training programs, and expert endoscopists from both academic and private practice settings...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131347/critical-care-ultrasound-a-national-survey-across-specialties
#16
Jeffrey R Stowell, Ross Kessler, Resa E Lewiss, Igor Barjaktarevic, Bikash Bhattarai, Napatkamon Ayutyanont, John L Kendall
PURPOSE: Management of the critically ill patient requires rapid assessment and differentiation. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) improves diagnostic accuracy and guides resuscitation. This study sought to describe the use of critical care related POCUS amongst different specialties. METHODS: This study was conducted as an online 18-question survey. Survey questions queried respondent demographics, preferences for POCUS use, and barriers to implementation. RESULTS: 2735 recipients received and viewed the survey with 416 (15...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127672/responsible-conduct-of-human-subjects-research-in-islamic-communities
#17
Aceil Al-Khatib, Michael Kalichman
In order to increase understanding of the ethical implications of biomedical, behavioral and clinical research, the Fogarty International Center, part of the United States National Institutes of Health, established an International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Award (R25) to support programs in low- and middle-income countries. To develop research ethics expertise in Jordan, the University of California San Diego fellowship program in collaboration with Jordan University of Science and Technology provides courses that enable participants to develop skills in varied research ethics topics, including research with human subjects...
November 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123624/state-of-education-regarding-ultrasound-guided-interventions-during-pain-fellowships-in-korea-a-survey-of-recent-fellows
#18
Hyung Tae Kim, Sae Young Kim, Gyung Jo Byun, Byung Chul Shin, Jin Young Lee, Eun Joo Choi, Jong Bum Choi, Ji Hee Hong, Seung Won Choi, Yeon Dong Kim
Background: Recently, the use of ultrasound (US) techniques in regional anesthesia and pain medicine has increased significantly. However, the current extent of training in the use of US-guided pain management procedures in Korea remains unknown. The purpose of the present study was to assess the current state of US training provided during Korean Pain Society (KPS) pain fellowship programs through the comparative analysis between training hospitals. Methods: We conducted an anonymous survey of 51 pain physicians who had completed KPS fellowships in 2017...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116973/the-pediatric-anesthesiology-workforce-projecting-supply-and-trends-2015-2035
#19
Matthew K Muffly, Mark Singleton, Rita Agarwal, David Scheinker, Daniel Miller, Tyler M Muffly, Anita Honkanen
BACKGROUND: A workforce analysis was conducted to predict whether the projected future supply of pediatric anesthesiologists is balanced with the requirements of the inpatient pediatric population. The specific aims of our analysis were to (1) project the number of pediatric anesthesiologists in the future workforce; (2) project pediatric anesthesiologist-to-pediatric population ratios (0-17 years); (3) project the mean number of inpatient pediatric procedures per pediatric anesthesiologist; and (4) evaluate the effect of alternative projections of individual variables on the model projections through 2035...
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109560/educational-attainment-and-academic-profile-of-deans-and-chairs-at-us-pharmacy-schools
#20
Mitra Assemi, Jessica Yu, Sum Liu, Robin L Corelli, Karen Suchanek Hudmon
Objective. To characterize educational attainment and experiences of current US pharmacy school deans and chairs. Methods. A cross-sectional study using a publicly available listing of accredited schools and information. Results. Among 134 deans and 301 chairs, 79.9% and 65.5% held a professional degree (BSPharm and/or PharmD), 33.6% and 26.2% completed PGY-1 residencies, 12.7% and 15.6% completed post-PharmD fellowships, 23.1% and 33.9% completed post-doctoral fellowships, and 13.4% and 18.3% held BPS certification, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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