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Weiming Wu, Jiugou Leng, Hailong Mei, Shubin Yang
Defect-rich, boron (B) and nitrogen (N) dual-doped and inert BN covalent bonds-free graphenes (BNGs) can be successfully synthesized via a method of two-step doping combined with chemical etching. B and N doping degree and surface areas of BNGs can be enhanced facilely by chemical etching without forming inert covalent BN bonds. The as-obtained porous BNGs deliver more superior electro-catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction than the unetched BNGs and commercial Pt/C catalysts.
March 8, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Francesca Malvano, Luigi Maritato, Giovanni Carapella, Pasquale Orgiani, Roberto Pilloton, Marisa Di Matteo, Donatella Albanese
Due to their interesting ferroelectric, conductive and dielectric properties, in recent years, perovskite-structured materials have begun to attract increasing interest in the biosensing field. In this study, a strontium titanate perovskite layer (SrTiO₃) has been synthesized on a platinum electrode and exploited for the development of an impedimetric label-free immunosensor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 detection. The electrochemical characterization of the perovskite-modified electrode during the construction of the immunosensor, as well as after the interaction with different E...
March 16, 2018: Biosensors
Yongxi Ou, D C Ralph, R A Buhrman
Robust spin Hall effects (SHE) have recently been observed in nonmagnetic heavy metal systems with strong spin-orbit interactions. These SHE are either attributed to an intrinsic band-structure effect or to extrinsic spin-dependent scattering from impurities, namely, side jump or skew scattering. Here we report on an extraordinarily strong spin Hall effect, attributable to spin fluctuations, in ferromagnetic Fe_{x}Pt_{1-x} alloys near their Curie point, tunable with x. This results in a dampinglike spin-orbit torque being exerted on an adjacent ferromagnetic layer that is strongly temperature dependent in this transition region, with a peak value that indicates a lower bound 0...
March 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
H Wu, L Huang, C Fang, B S Yang, C H Wan, G Q Yu, J F Feng, H X Wei, X F Han
The key physics of the spin valve involves spin-polarized conduction electrons propagating between two magnetic layers such that the device conductance is controlled by the relative magnetization orientation of two magnetic layers. Here, we report the effect of a magnon valve which is made of two ferromagnetic insulators (YIG) separated by a nonmagnetic spacer layer (Au). When a thermal gradient is applied perpendicular to the layers, the inverse spin Hall voltage output detected by a Pt bar placed on top of the magnon valve depends on the relative orientation of the magnetization of two YIG layers, indicating the magnon current induced by the spin Seebeck effect at one layer affects the magnon current in the other layer separated by Au...
March 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Srabanti Ghosh, Laurence Ramos, Hynd Remita
Materials are the key roadblocks for the commercialization of energy conversion devices in fuel cells and solar cells. Significant research has focused on tuning the intrinsic properties of materials at the nanometer scale. The soft template mediated controlled fabrication of advanced nanostructured materials is attracting considerable interest due to the promising applications of these materials in catalysis and electrocatalysis. Swollen hexagonal lyotropic liquid crystals (SLCs) consist of oil-swollen surfactant-stabilized 1D, 2D or 3D nanometric assemblies regularly arranged in an aqueous solvent...
March 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Tingting Liu, Shuo Wang, Qiuju Zhang, Liang Chen, Weihua Hu, Chang Ming Li
Ultrasmall ruthenium phosphide nanoparticles grown on reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Ru2P/RGO-20) are reported as a highly efficient hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalyst. It achieves a current density of -10 mA cm-2 at extremely low overpotentials of -22 and -13 mV under acidic and alkaline conditions, respectively, superior to those of commercial Pt/C.
March 16, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Feiyang Yu, Ya Gao, Zhongling Lang, Yuanyuan Ma, Liying Yin, Jing Du, Huaqiao Tan, Yonghui Wang, Yangguang Li
Molybdenum carbides are considered as one type of privileged noble-metal-free electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reactions (HER) due to their d-band electron structure, which is similar to Pt. Especially, the electronic structure of such materials can be further adjusted by elemental doping to improve their electrocatalytic activity. Herein, we selected the Anderson-type polyoxometalates (POMs) (NH4)n[TMMo6O24H6]·5H2O (TM = Ni2+, Co2+, n = 4; TM = Fe3+, Cr3+, n = 3) as precursors to prepare new transition-metal-doped Mo2C materials...
March 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Hari Babu Vasili, Matheus Gamino, Jaume Gazquez, Florencio Sanchez, Manuel Valvidares, Pierluigi Gargiani, Eric Pellegrin, Josep Fontcuberta
Pure spin currents hold promises for an energy-friendlier spintronics. They can be generated by a flow of charge along a non-magnetic metal having a large spin-orbit coupling. It produces a spin accumulation at its surfaces, controllable by the magnetization of an adjacent ferromagnetic layer. Paramagnetic metals typically used are close to a ferromagnetic instability and thus magnetic proximity effects can contribute to the observed angular-dependent magnetoresistance (ADMR). As interface phenomena govern the spin conductance across the metal/ferromagnetic-insulator heterostructures, unraveling these distinct contributions is pivotal to full understanding of spin current conductance...
March 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jordi Grau, Cristina Renau, Ana B Caballero, Amparo Caubet, Marta Pockaj, Julia Lorenzo, Patrick Gamez
The [Cu(L)Cl2]2 and [Pt(L)Cl2] complexes were prepared from the simple Schiff-base ligand (E)-phenyl-N-((pyridin-2-yl)methylene)methanamine (L) and respectively, CuCl2 and cis-[PtCl2(DMSO)2]. DNA-interaction studies revealed that the copper complex most likely acts as a DNA cleaver whereas the platinum complex binds to the double helix. Remarkably, cell-viability experiments with HeLa, MCF7 and PC3 cells showed that [Cu(L)Cl2]2 is an efficient cytotoxic agent whereas [Pt(L)Cl2] is not toxic, illustrating the crucial role played by the nature of the metal ion in the corresponding biological activity...
March 16, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Khairunnisa Amreen, Sivakumar Nisha, Annamalai Senthil Kumar
Direct sensing of uric acid (UA) in an undiluted whole blood sample is reported here taking human whole blood as an analyte and a self-supporting electrolyte. Among various solid electrodes (Pt, Au, GCE, and GCE/Nafion) and carbon nanomaterials (carbon nanofibers, graphene oxide, graphite nanopowder, graphitized mesoporous carbon (GMC), single-walled carbon nanotubes, and multiwalled carbon nanotubes) tested, a GMC-modified glassy carbon electrode, designated as GCE/GMC, showed a remarkable response towards direct electrochemical oxidation of blood uric acid at ∼0...
March 16, 2018: Analyst
H A Alhazmi
Transferrin is iron (III)-binding protein that transports Fe (III) ion to cells in different parts of the body. At saturation level 70% of transferrin remains free from iron (apo-transferrin), suggesting a broader scope of binding capabilities with non-iron (III) metal ions. Our previous work demonstrated that transferrin can effectively coordinate with noble metal ions. Hence to improve our understanding of the in-vitro metal-interaction behavior of the protein and how it correlates with its functions invivo, the interactions between apo-transferrin and medicinally important noble metals, Au (I), Au (III), Os (III), Pt (IV), Ir (III) and Ru (III) were investigated in the mobility shift mode of affinity capillary electrophoresis...
March 5, 2018: Die Pharmazie
Annalisa Ruggeri, Myriam Labopin, Andrea Bacigalupo, Boris Afanasyev, Jan J Cornelissen, Ahmet Elmaagacli, Maija Itälä-Remes, Didier Blaise, Ellen Meijer, Yener Koc, Noel Milpied, Harry C Schouten, Nicolaus Kroeger, Mohamad Mohty, Arnon Nagler
BACKGROUND: Experience using post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from matched sibling donors (MSD) or unrelated donors (UD) is limited and with controversial results. The study aim was to evaluate PT-Cy as GVHD prophylaxis post-HSCT from MSD and UD transplants. We analyzed 423 patients with acute leukemia who received PT-Cy alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive (IS) drugs as GVHD prophylaxis...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Zeynep Canan Özdemir, Yeter Düzenli Kar, Eren Gündüz, Ayşe Bozkurt Turhan, Özcan Bör
OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) has been demonstrated to be a risk factor for thromboembolic events, although the pathogenesis of the development of thromboembolism in IDA is as yet unclear. The likelihood of children with IDA contracting hypercoagulability was evaluated in this cross-sectional study using rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 57 children with IDA (median age 11 years; 37 female, 20 male) and 48 healthy children (median age 9...
March 15, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Yair Litman, Davide Donadio, Michele Ceriotti, Mariana Rossi
Water molecules adsorbed on inorganic substrates play an important role in several technological applications. In the presence of light atoms in adsorbates, nuclear quantum effects (NQEs) influence the structural stability and the dynamical properties of these systems. In this work, we explore the impact of NQEs on the dissociation of water wires on stepped Pt(221) surfaces. By performing ab initio molecular dynamics simulations with van der Waals corrected density functional theory, we note that several competing minima for both intact and dissociated structures are accessible at finite temperatures, making it important to assess whether harmonic estimates of the quantum free energy are sufficient to determine the relative stability of the different states...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Débora Finger, Fábio Juner Lanferdini, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Clarissa Müller Brusco, Lucas Helal, Francesco Pinto Boeno, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Ronei Silveira Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Protein (PRO) combined with a carbohydrate (CHO) beverage may have an ergogenic effect on endurance performance. However, evidence regarding its efficacy on similar conditions to athletes' race day is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of three different nutritional supplementation strategies on performance and muscle recovery in a duathlon protocol. METHODS: , 13 male athletes (29.7 ± 7.7 years) participated in three simulated Olympic-distance duathlons under three different, randomly assigned, supplementation regimens: carbohydrate drink (CHO, 75 g); isocaloric CHO plus protein drink (CHO+PRO, 60...
March 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Shohei Kumagai, Shinya Takaishi, Mengqi Gao, Hiroaki Iguchi, Brian K Breedlove, Masahiro Yamashita
MX chains have been widely studied as a 1D mixed-valence system. Although there have been a large number of studies on the boundary between class II and III materials of the Robin-Day classification, there are few studies of compounds at the boundary between classes I and II. In this study, we synthesized a series of Pt- and Pd- MX-chain compounds with perrhenate counterions, [M(en)2 ][M(en)2 X2 ](ReO4 )4 (X = Br for M = Pd and X = Cl, Br, and I for M = Pt). All compounds were isostructural, and the metal-metal distances within the chain exceed 6 Å, which is the longest among MX-chain compounds thus far reported...
March 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Tien D Tran, Mai T T Nguyen, Hoang V Le, Duc N Nguyen, Quang Duc Truong, Phong D Tran
An electrode made of Au nanoparticles, ca. 13 nm in diameter, displays outstanding catalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction in water. At an overpotential of 200 mV it operates with a catalytic rate TOF of 0.3 s-1 , which is among the best performances ever achieved for a Pt-free H2 -evolving catalyst.
March 15, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Jinlong Liu, Yao Zheng, Yan Jiao, Zhenyu Wang, Zhouguang Lu, Anthony Vasileff, Shi-Zhang Qiao
Conventional development of nanomaterials for efficient electrocatalysis is largely based on performance-oriented trial-and-error/iterative approaches, while a rational design approach at the atomic/molecular level is yet to be found. Here, inspired by a fundamental understanding of the mechanism for both oxygen and hydrogen evolution half reactions (OER/HER), a unique strategy is presented to engineer RuO2 for superior alkaline water electrolysis through coupling with NiO as an efficient bifunctional promoter...
March 15, 2018: Small
Ignacio Jiménez-Morales, Sara Cavaliere, Deborah Jones, Jacques Rozière
Niobium and antimony doped tin oxide loose-tubes decorated with Pt nanoparticles present outstanding mass activity and stability, exceeding those of a reference carbon-based electrocatalyst. Physico-chemical characterisation and in particular X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy demonstrate that this observation can be ascribed to the strong metal-support interaction promoting electroactivity and Pt anchoring on doped metal oxide supports.
March 15, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Shoushuang Huang, Haitao Wang, Shangdai Wang, Zhangjun Hu, Ling Zhou, Zhiwen Chen, Yong Jiang, Xuefeng Qian
Designing low-cost electrocatalysts combining the features of outstanding catalytic activity, excellent electrical conductivity, and high chemical stability remains a critical challenge for the large-scale fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Here we report the controlled synthesis of CoS2 -CoSe2 heterostructured nanocrystals encapsulated in N-doped carbon hollow nanocubes (CoS2 -CoSe2 @NC) through simultaneous sulfurization and selenization of polydopamine coated Prussian blue analogs. Benefiting from both structural and compositional characteristics, namely, the synergistic effect of CoS2 -CoSe2 heterojunctions, the conductive N-doped carbon coating and the porous structure of the nanocubes, the resultant CoS2 -CoSe2 @NC nanocubes exhibit excellent electrocatalytic activity and cycling stability toward the generation of I3 - ions in DSSCs...
March 15, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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