keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Starch solution

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815811/study-of-the-effects-of-spray-drying-in-whey-starch-on-the-probiotic-capacity-of-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-64-in-the-gut-of-mice
#1
L Lavari, P Burns, R Páez, J Reinheimer, G Vinderola
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of spray-drying of Lactobacillus rhamnosus 64 on its capacity to modulate the gut immune response and on the attenuation of TNBS-induced colitis in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: L. rhamnosus 64 was spray-dried in cheese whey-starch solution and administered to mice for three, six or ten consecutive days. Peritoneal macrophage phagocytic activity, secretory-IgA (S-IgA) levels in the small intestinal fluid and TNFα, IFNγ, IL-10, IL-6 and IL-2 levels in homogenates of the small and large intestine were determined...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790091/-independent-reanalysis-of-landmark-starch-solutions-trial-was-published-by-original-authors
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777449/synthesis-of-supermacroporous-cryogel-for-bioreactors-continuous-starch-hydrolysis
#3
Ederson Paulo Xavier Guilherme, Jocilane Pereira de Oliveira, Lorendane Millena de Carvalho, Igor Viana Brandi, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos, Gleidson Giordano Pinto de Carvalho, Junio Cota, Bruna Mara Aparecida de Carvalho
A bioreactor was built by means of immobilizing alpha-amylase from Aspergillus oryzae by encapsulation, through cryopolymerization of acrylamide monomers for the continuous starch hydrolysis. The starch hydrolysis was evaluated regarding pH, the concentration of immobilized amylase on cryogel, the concentration of starch solution and temperature. The maximum value for starch hydrolysis was achieved at pH 5.0, concentration of immobilized enzyme 111.44mg amylase /gcriogel , concentration of starch solution 45 g/L and temperature of 35°C...
August 4, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774488/crystalloid-versus-colloid-fluids-for-reduction-of-postoperative-ileus-after-abdominal-operation-under-combined-general-and-epidural-anesthesia
#4
Mohammad Reza Ghodraty, Faranak Rokhtabnak, Hossein Reza Dehghan, Alireza Pournajafian, Masoud Baghaee Vaji, Zahra Sadat Koleini, Jahan Porhomayon, Nader D Nader
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to compare the effect of perioperative administration of crystalloid versus colloid solutions and its impact on reversal of ileus after resection with primary anastomosis of intestine. We hypothesized that inclusion of colloids will improve the return of intestinal motility. METHODS: In a double-blinded clinical trial, 91 the American Society of Anesthesiologists I to III patients undergoing abdominal operation for resection with anastomosis of small or large intestine were randomized to receive either lactated Ringer solution crystalloid group or 6% hydroxyethyl starch colloid group to replace intraoperative fluid loss (blood loss + third space)...
July 31, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764009/the-chitosan-affects-severely-the-carbon-metabolism-in-mango-mangifera-indica-l-cv-palmer-fruit-during-storage
#5
Gláucia Michelle Cosme Silva, Willian Batista Silva, David B Medeiros, Acácio Rodrigues Salvador, Maria Helena Menezes Cordeiro, Natália Martins da Silva, Diederson Bortolini Santana, Gisele Polete Mizobutsi
Mango is a highly perishable fruit with a short post-harvest time due to the intense metabolic activity after harvesting. In attempt to evaluate the effects of chitosan in mango fruits, it was treated with 0%, 1%, 2% or 3% of chitosan solutions, placed into plastic trays, and stored at room temperature. Changes in physical and chemical parameters were evaluated. Chitosan delayed the climacteric peak, water loss and firmness. Further, few changes in soluble solid content, titratable acidity, pH of the pulp as well as in sugar content and decreased starch degradation were observed...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751902/overexpression-of-sbsi-1-a-nuclear-protein-from-salicornia-brachiata-confers-drought-and-salt-stress-tolerance-and-maintains-photosynthetic-efficiency-in-transgenic-tobacco
#6
Jyoti Kumari, Pushpika Udawat, Ashish K Dubey, Md Intesaful Haque, Mangal S Rathore, Bhavanath Jha
A novel Salicornia brachiata Salt Inducible (SbSI-1) gene was isolated and overexpressed in tobacco for in planta functional validation subjected to drought and salt stress. SbSI-1 is a nuclear protein. The transgenic tobacco overexpressing SbSI-1 gene exhibited better seed germination, growth performances, pigment contents, cell viability, starch accumulation, and tolerance index under drought and salt stress. Overexpression of SbSI-1 gene alleviated the build-up of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and curtailed the ROS-induced oxidative damages thus improved the physiological health of transgenic tobacco under stressed conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745283/fabrication-of-biopolymer-based-nanocomposite-wound-dressing-evaluation-of-wound-healing-properties-and-wound-microbial-load
#7
Ali Es-Haghi, Mohammad Mashreghi, Mahere Rezazade Bazaz, Masoud Homayouni-Tabrizi, Majid Darroudi
The aim of this study is to introduce natural-based polymers, chitosan and starch, to design a remedial nanocomposite, comprising of cerium oxide nanoparticles and silver nanoparticles, to investigate their effects in accelerating wound healing and in wound microbial load. Cerium oxide nanoparticles synthesized in starch solution added to the colloidal dispersion of synthesized silver nanoparticles in chitosan to make a three-component nanomaterial. Mice were anaesthetized and two parallel full-thickness round wounds were excised under aseptic conditions with the help of sterile dermal biopsy punch...
August 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739387/effect-of-cortex-mori-on-pharmacokinetic-profiles-of-main-isoflavonoids-from-pueraria-lobata-in-rat-plasma
#8
Bingxin Xiao, Zengxian Sun, Shu Yang Sun, Jie Dong, Yanli Li, Shan Gao, Jie Pang, Qi Chang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Radix pueraria (the root of pueraria lobata (Wild.) Ohwi.), which contains a class of isoflavonoids as the main active components, as well as cortex mori (the root bark of Morus alba L), which contains abundant active alkaloids, have been employed for the treatment of diabetes in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. In previous studies, pharmacodynamic synergistic reactions have been observed in compatible application of pueraria lobata isoflavonoids extracts (PLF) and cortex mori alkaloids extracts (CME) for inhibiting α-glycosidase activity...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735452/characterization-of-polymeric-substance-classes-in-cereal-based-beverages-using-asymmetrical-flow-field-flow-fractionation-with-a-multi-detection-system
#9
Georg Krebs, Thomas Becker, Martina Gastl
Cereal-based beverages contain a complex mixture of various polymeric macromolecules including polysaccharides, peptides, and polyphenols. The molar mass of polymers and their degradation products affect different technological and especially sensory parameters of beverages. Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) coupled with multi-angle light scattering (MALS) and refractive index detection (dRI) or UV detection (UV) is a technique for structure and molar mass distribution analysis of macromolecules commonly used for pure compound solutions...
July 22, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733454/-independent-reanalysis-of-landmark-starch-solutions-trial-was-published-by-original-authors
#10
Peter Doshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704739/efficient-harvesting-of-marine-chlorella-vulgaris-microalgae-utilizing-cationic-starch-nanoparticles-by-response-surface-methodology
#11
Mahya Bayat Tork, Rasoul Khalilzadeh, Hasan Kouchakzadeh
Harvesting involves nearly thirty percent of total production cost of microalgae that needs to be done efficiently. Utilizing inexpensive and highly available biopolymer-based flocculants can be a solution for reducing the harvest costs. Herein, flocculation process of Chlorella vulgaris microalgae using cationic starch nanoparticles (CSNPs) was evaluated and optimized through the response surface methodology (RSM). pH, microalgae and CSNPs concentrations were considered as the main independent variables. Under the optimum conditions of microalgae concentration 0...
July 3, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690287/stroke-volume-variation-svv-and-pulse-pressure-variation-ppv-as-indicators-of-fluid-responsiveness-in-sevoflurane-anesthetized-mechanically-ventilated-euvolemic-dogs
#12
Yusuke Endo, Jun Tamura, Tomohito Ishizuka, Takaharu Itami, Kiwamu Hanazono, Kenjiro Miyoshi, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita, William W Muir
Changes in stroke volume variation (SVV) and pulse pressure variation (PPV) in response to fluid infusion were experimentally evaluated during vecuronium infusion and sevoflurane anesthesia in 5 adult, mechanically ventilated, euvolemic, beagle dogs. Sequential increases in central venous pressure (CVP; 3-7[baseline], 8-12, 13-17, 18-22 and 23-27 mmHg) were produced by infusing lactated Ringer's solution and 6% hydroxyethyl starch solution. Heart rate (beats/min), right atrial pressure (RAP, mmHg), pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP, mmHg), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP, mmHg), transpulmonary thermodilution cardiac output (TPTDCO, L/min), stroke volume (SV, ml/beat), arterial blood pressure (ABP, mmHg), extravascular lung water (EVLW, ml), pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI, calculated), SVV (%), PPV (%) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR, dynes/sec/cm(5)) were determined at each predetermined CVP range...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684362/mechanistic-understanding-of-the-link-between-sodium-starch-glycolate-properties-and-the-performance-of-tablets-made-by-wet-granulation
#13
S A C Wren, F Alhusban, A R Barry, L P Hughes
The impact of varying Sodium Starch Glycolate (SSG) grade and wet granulation intensity on the mechanism of disintegration and dissolution of mannitol-based Immediate Release (IR) placebo tablets was investigated. MRI and (1)H NMR provided mechanistic insight, and revealed a four-fold range in both tablet disintegration and dissolution rates. MRI was used to quantify the rates of change in tablet volumes and the data fitted to a hydration/erosion model. Reduced levels of cross-linking change SSG from a swelling to a gelling matrix...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673844/optimization-of-paddy-parboiling-process-for-higher-starch-crystallinity-by-response-surface-methodology
#14
Soumya Ranjan Purohit, Pavuluri Srinivasa Rao
Paddy parboiling has received considerable attention as far as nutritional and milling improvement is concerned. Parboiling is also advantageous as it renders enhanced head rice yield and insect resistance. However, lower starch crystallinity of parboiled rice invites easy fungal infestation under favourable moisture and temperature conditions during storage. Additionally, parboiled rice is expected to possess higher resistant starch. Unfortunately, conventional processing conditions lead to either very less or moderate resistant starch content...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661571/polyglycerol-surfmers-and-surfactants-for-direct-and-inverse-miniemulsion
#15
Sarah Wald, Johanna Simon, Jule P Dietz, Frederik R Wurm, Katharina Landfester
Poly(ethylene glycol)-based surfactants are a prominent example for nonionic surfactants. Poly(glycerol) (PG) is discussed as a polyfunctional alternative, however, it is not yet used to stabilize miniemulsions. The anionic polymerization of glycidyl ethers is used to prepare surfactants for direct or inverse emulsions and ambident surfactants by adjusting the copolymer composition. Orthogonal-protected poly(glycerol) block copolymers, using ethoxyethyl glycidyl ether and allyl glycidyl ether (AGE) or tert-butyl glycidyl ether (tBuGE), are synthesized...
June 29, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629106/tannin-extraction-pretreatment-and-very-high-gravity-fermentation-of-acorn-starch-for-bioethanol-production
#16
Bin Chao, Ruiliang Liu, Xueling Zhang, Xu Zhang, Tianwei Tan
The bioethanol production from a novel non-grain feedstock, acorn starch, was studied in this work. The inhibition of tannin in strain growth was investigated, and the effect of tannin was negligible when the tannin concentration was lower than 1g/L in medium. Therefore, the extraction of tannin was performed using 40% (v/v) ethanol-water solution as the solvent for three times under the conditions of solid/liquid ratio 1:20, 60°C, 3h, by which more than 80% of tannin in acorn was extracted and the content of tannin in acorn decreased from 7...
October 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629045/chitosan-based-in-situ-forming-polyelectrolyte-complexes-a-potential-sustained-drug-delivery-polymeric-carrier-for-high-dose-drugs
#17
Niharika Lal, Juhi Dubey, Praveen Gaur, Navneet Verma, Anurag Verma
The present study investigated the feasibility of using combination of Cationic and anionic polymers as sustained release carrier for the delivery of high dose gastric acid soluble model drug Paracetamol. Various formulations were prepared using wet granulation technique. Briefly a cooled (4°C) neutral solution of chitosan (CH) was combined with cooled aqueous solution (4°C) of anionic polymer such as Gum Ghatti (GG) and Xanthan gum (XG). This polyelectrolyte solution was then used to granulate the model drug Paracetamol...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602991/polysaccharides-and-lignin-based-hydrogels-with-potential-pharmaceutical-use-as-a-drug-delivery-system-produced-by-a-reactive-extrusion-process
#18
Wissam Farhat, Richard Venditti, Nathalie Mignard, Mohamed Taha, Frederic Becquart, Ali Ayoub
Currently, there is very strong interest to replace synthetic polymers with biological macromolecules of natural source for applications that interact with humans or the environment. This research describes the development of drug delivery hydrogels from natural polymers, starch, lignin and hemicelluloses by means of reactive extrusion. The hydrogels show a strong swelling ability dependent on pH which may be used to control diffusion rates of water and small molecules in and out of the gel. Also the hydrogels degradation rates were studied in a physiological solution (pH 7...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599038/albumin-for-prehospital-fluid-resuscitation-of-hemorrhagic-shock-in-tactical-combat-casualty-care
#19
Nicholas M Studer, Michael D April, F Bowling, Paul D Danielson, Andrew P Cap
Optimal fluid resuscitation on the battlefield in the absence of blood products remains unclear. Contemporary Combat medics are generally limited to hydroxyethyl starch or crystalloid solutions, both of which present significant drawbacks. Obtaining US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved freeze-dried plasma (FDP) is a top casualty care research priority for the US Military. Interest in this agent reflects a desire to simultaneously expand intravascular volume and address coagulopathy. The history of FDP dates to the Second World War, when American expeditionary forces used this agent frequently...
December 0: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587965/preparation-and-characterization-of-dialdehyde-starch-by-one-step-acid-hydrolysis-and-oxidation
#20
Yingfeng Zuo, Wenjie Liu, Junhua Xiao, Xing Zhao, Ying Zhu, Yiqiang Wu
Dialdehyde starch was prepared by one-step synthesis of acid hydrolysis and oxidation, using corn starch as the raw material, sodium periodate (NaIO4) as the oxidant, and hydrochloric acid (HCl) as the acid solution. The prepared dialdehyde starch was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The results confirmed that oxidation occurred between the starch and NaIO4. The acid hydrolysis reaction reduced the molecular weight of starch and effectively improved the aldehyde group contents (92...
October 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
keyword
keyword
57243
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"