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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628898/-talking-about-child-sexual-abuse-would-have-helped-me-young-people-who-sexually-abused-reflect-on-preventing-harmful-sexual-behavior
#1
Gemma McKibbin, Cathy Humphreys, Bridget Hamilton
Harmful sexual behavior carried out by children and young people accounts for about half of all child sexual abuse perpetration. The aim of this study was to draw on the insights of young people who had been sexually abusive to enhance the current prevention agenda. The study involved semi-structured interviews with 14 young people and six treatment-providing workers. Sampling was purposive and the young people had previously completed a treatment program for harmful sexual behaviour in Victoria, Australia...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628378/knowledge-and-behavioral-impact-of-adult-participation-in-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-evaluation-of-the-protecting-god-s-children-program
#2
Anne M Nurse
This article presents findings from an evaluation of a popular adult training program (Protecting God's Children) used in Catholic institutions, including schools, churches, and social service agencies. The study explores knowledge and behavior change based on pretest/posttest questionnaires administered to over 500 adults and follow-up questionnaires sent six months after the training. The participants in the training were compared to a control group of adults who did not participate in the program. The results indicate that participants arrive at the training with fairly high rates of preexisting knowledge but that the program increases knowledge across demographic groups...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623780/preschoolers-disclosures-of-child-sexual-abuse-examining-corroborated-cases-from-swedish-courts
#3
Mikaela Magnusson, Emelie Ernberg, Sara Landström
Young victims of child sexual abuse can - for a range of developmental, motivational and contextual reasons - have difficulties disclosing their experiences. In the present study, corroborated court cases concerning 57 preschoolers' disclosures of sexual abuse were examined using qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Together, the cases involved 53 girls and 4 boys between 2-6 years (M=4.2, SD=1.2) during the (first) incident of abuse. The children were between 3-7 years (M=5.3, SD=1.2) during their police interview...
June 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620555/a-discussion-of-high-risk-hpv-in-a-6-year-old-female-survivor-of-child-sexual-abuse
#4
Connie D Cao, Lena Merjanian, Joelle Pierre, Adrian Balica
BACKGROUND: Human papilloma viruses (HPVs) cause a variety of clinical manifestations in children including skin warts, laryngeal papillomas, and condyloma acuminatum. Whereas the mode of transmission is well understood and management of HPV infection is clearly defined by guidelines in adults, less is known about the mode of transmission, natural history of disease, and appropriate management of high-risk anogenital HPV infections in children. CASE: The patient is a previously healthy 6-year-old female who presented with multiple vaginal lesions causing pain and discomfort and was diagnosed with HPV 18 positive CIN I...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602473/mothers-knowledge-perception-about-child-sexual-abuse-in-jordan
#5
Fatmeh Ahmad Alzoubi, Reem Ahmad Ali, Intesar Hussein Flah, Ahlam Alnatour
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious problem causing physical, social and psychosocial harm. To understand the Jordanian mothers' efforts to prevent CSA, we assessed the mothers' general knowledge about CSA, their perceptions, knowledge about signs and symptoms of CSA and their knowledge about prevention practices of CSA in relation to their demographics. A cross- sectional descriptive design was used with a convenient sample of 488 mothers. The data was collected using a self-reported questionnaire consisting of 52 items...
June 8, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600332/contaminated-fingers-a-potential-cause-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-positive-urine-specimens
#6
Philip M Giffard, Rachael A Lilliebridge, Judith Wilson, Gerald Murray, Samuel Phillips, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Suzanne M Garland, Louise Martin, Gurmeet Singh, Steven Y C Tong, Deborah C Holt, Patiyan Andersson
OBJECTIVES: The detection of an STI agent in a urogenital tract (UGT) specimen from a young child is regarded as being indicative of sexual abuse. However, the probabilities of contamination events that could conceivably lead to STI positive specimens in the absence of sexual contact are unclear. The objective was to estimate the potential for fingers that have come in contact with Chlamydia trachomatis-positive urine to detectably contaminate C. trachomatis-negative urine. METHODS: The study design was based on self-experimentation...
June 9, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599125/the-impact-of-perceived-childhood-victimization-and-patriarchal-gender-ideology-on-intimate-partner-violence-ipv-victimization-among-korean-immigrant-women-in-the-usa
#7
Chunrye Kim
Childhood victimization experiences are common among intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. This study examines the link between childhood physical and sexual victimization experiences and adulthood IPV among Korean immigrant women in the USA. As Korean immigrants often use physical punishment to discipline their children, and reporting sexual abuse is discouraged due to stigmatization in this community, cultural factors (e.g. patriarchal values) related to childhood victimization and IPV were also examined...
June 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593599/behavioral-symptoms-of-reported-abuse-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-inpatient-settings
#8
Jamie Brenner, Zhaoxing Pan, Carla Mazefsky, Kahsi A Smith, Robin Gabriels
The objective of this study was to examine how behavioral manifestations of trauma due to abuse are expressed in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) compared outcomes between patients with a caregiver reported history of abuse and those without. Findings indicate that patients with ASD and reported abuse (i.e. physical, sexual, and/or emotional) have more intrusive thoughts, distressing memories, loss of interest, irritability, and lethargy than those without reported maltreatment...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584556/the-relationship-between-parental-abuse-with-parental-and-marital-roles-attitude-in-girls
#9
Nafisehsadat Nekuei, Akram Zirakidana, Ashraf Kazemi, Nastaran Mohhamad Ali Beigi, Masoomeh Alijanpoor
BACKGROUND: Gender role attitude pertains to individuals' attitude toward proper role activities for men and women. Most of the factors relevant to family and society may affect individuals' attitudes toward their role. Meanwhile, parents' behaviors can act as an important factor in formation of different dimensions of children's personality. Accordingly, the present study was aimed to investigate the relationship between maltreatment and girls' attitudes toward parental and marital roles...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580851/-female-child-sexual-abuse
#10
Andrea Enyedy, Roland Csorba
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The prevalence of child sexual abuse is 12-13% worldwide (18% by girls, 8% by boys). The exact knowledge of sexual abuse and the spread of the adequate medical diagnosis is an essential medical, social and national requirement. In our present study we examine the medical diagnosis of female child sexual abuse. METHOD: Selective literature research in the available international and domestic databases. RESULTS: Majority of children assessed for suspected sexual abuse have normal genital and anal findings...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575266/incidence-of-elder-abuse-in-a-u-s-chinese-population-findings-from-the-longitudinal-cohort-pine-study
#11
XinQi Dong, Bei Wang
Background: Elder abuse (EA) is a global public health issue. However, no prior longitudinal research has quantified the incidence of EA, which is critical to understand risk factors and future prevention strategies. Methods: The study is based on a longitudinal cohort design. We followed 2,713 U.S. Chinese older adults who agreed to participate in the study within 2011 to 2015. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding the 2-year incidence of EA and its subtypes...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569648/edutainment-as-a-strategy-for-parental-discussion-with-israeli-children-the-potential-of-a-children-s-play-in-preventing-sexual-abuse
#12
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Talia Fridman, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
Edutainment is a communication strategy to influence attitudes and behaviors through the use of the media. Through the children's play "Yael Learns to Take Care of Her Body," designed for joint viewing by children aged 5-8 and their parents, sexual abuse is raised. This qualitative study findings indicate that parents from low socioeconomic subgroups from the secular sector reported that their awareness had been raised by viewing the play and that they received tools for holding a conversation. Conversely, parents from high socioeconomic subgroups in the secular sector and parents from the national-religious sector were more ambivalent regarding the play's effectiveness...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569089/professionals-awareness-of-sexual-abuse-in-late-life-an-exploratory-survey
#13
Sara Alon, Niva Tuma, Tova Band-Winterstein, Hadass Goldblatt
BACKGROUND: The sexual abuse phenomenon is considered taboo. It has been discussed, to date, mainly in relation to children and young women, with insufficient attention to sexual abuse in a late-life context. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this survey was to explore professionals' awareness of elder sexual abuse (ESA). DESIGN: The survey was conducted among 161 Jewish and Arab professionals from health care and social services, who worked with older adults in Israel...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558323/-a-boy-being-a-victim-nobody-really-buys-that-you-know-dynamics-of-sexual-violence-against-boys
#14
Jean Von Hohendorff, Luísa Fernanda Habigzang, Silvia Helena Koller
The aim of this study was to present the dynamics of sexual violence against boys. Interviews were conducted with four male victims of sexual abuse between the ages of six and 10, as well as four psychologists employed in the health care system and involved in the treatment of sexually abused boys. Results were examined using thematic content analysis, based on six deductively identified themes corresponding to the following stages of sexual violence against children and adolescents: preparation, episodes, silencing, narratives, repression and overcoming...
May 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551460/barriers-and-facilitators-to-disclosing-sexual-abuse-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Charlotte Lemaigre, Emily P Taylor, Claire Gittoes
Children and young people often choose not to disclose sexual abuse, thus preventing access to help and allowing perpetrators to continue undetected. A nuanced understanding of the barriers (and facilitators) to disclosure is therefore of great relevance to practitioners and researchers. The literature was systematically searched for studies related to child and adolescent disclosures of sexual abuse. Thirteen studies were reviewed and assessed for methodological quality. Results of the review illustrate the heterogeneous nature of these empirical studies...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544045/are-there-sensitive-periods-when-child-maltreatment-substantially-elevates-suicide-risk-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#16
Stephanie H Gomez, Jenny Tse, Yan Wang, Brianna Turner, Alexander J Millner, Matthew K Nock, Erin C Dunn
BACKGROUND: Although child maltreatment is a well documented risk factor for suicidal behavior, little is known about whether the timing of child maltreatment differentially associates with risk of suicidal ideation, suicide plans, or suicide attempts. The goal of this study was to examine whether a first exposure to physical or sexual abuse during specific developmental periods significantly elevated risk for suicidal behavior in adolescents. METHODS: Data came from the National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement, a population-based sample of US adolescents aged 13-18 years old (n = 9,272)...
May 23, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542285/educating-early-childhood-care-and-education-providers-to-improve-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-reporting-child-maltreatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ben Mathews, Chengwu Yang, Erik B Lehman, Claudia Mincemoyer, Nicole Verdiglione, Benjamin H Levi
Early childhood care and education providers (CCPs) work with over 7 million young children. These children are vulnerable to physical, sexual and emotional abuse, and neglect. However, CCPs make less than 1% of all reports of suspected child abuse and neglect that are made to child protective services. CCPs are therefore an untapped resource in the public health response to child maltreatment. However, their knowledge and attitudes about duties to report child maltreatment are poorly understood. Moreover, no rigorous research has tested whether their knowledge and attitudes about reporting child maltreatment can be improved...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539957/the-relationship-of-sexual-abuse-with-self-esteem-depression-and-problematic-internet-use-in-korean-adolescents
#18
Bung-Nyun Kim, Subin Park, Min-Hyeon Park
The association of sexual victimization with self-esteem, depression, and problematic internet use was examined in Korean adolescents. A total of 695 middle and high school students were recruited (413 boys, 282 girls, mean age, 14.06±1.37 years). The participants were administered the Early Trauma Inventory Self Report-Short Form (ETISR-SF), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT). The associations between sexual abuse and the level of self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and problematic internet use were analyzed...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537852/-i-felt-like-i-was-being-abused-all-over-again-how-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-make-sense-of-the-perinatal-period-through-their-narratives
#19
Jane Byrne, Cordet Smart, Gilli Watson
Sequelae following child sexual abuse pervade the lives of adult survivors, significantly impacting on pregnancy and childbirth. Symptoms of this distress are recognized, but meanings for women are less understood. This research aimed to examine the meaning for women themselves of the impact of child sexual abuse on experiences of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period. Taking a critical feminist perspective, three open-ended interviews with three survivors enabled women's narratives of pregnancy and childbirth to be heard, explored the structure of these narratives, including how experiences were connected, and identified key themes and how selves and others were positioned...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536655/supporting-looked-after-children-and-care-leavers-in-decreasing-drugs-and-alcohol-solid-protocol-for-a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-interventions-to-decrease-risky-substance-use-drugs-and-alcohol-and-improve-mental-health-of-looked-after
#20
Hayley Alderson, Ruth McGovern, Rebecca Brown, Denise Howel, Frauke Becker, Louise Carr, Alex Copello, Tony Fouweather, Eileen Kaner, Paul McArdle, Elaine McColl, Janet Shucksmith, Alison Steele, Luke Vale, Raghu Lingam
BACKGROUND: Looked after children (LAC) and care leavers are young people who have been placed under the legal care of local authorities, in many instances due to a history of abuse and/or neglect. These young people have a significantly increased risk of substance use and mental disorder compared to their peers. The aim of the SOLID study is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a definitive three-arm multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT) that compares the effectiveness of two interventions that aim to reduce risky drug and alcohol use and improve mental health among LAC aged 12 to 20 years with usual care...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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