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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933247/a-bayesian-decision-support-tool-for-child-sexual-abuse-assessment-and-investigation
#1
Alessandro Tadei, Johan Pensar, Jukka Corander, Katarina Finnilä, Pekka Santtila, Jan Antfolk
In assessments of child sexual abuse (CSA) allegations, informative background information is often overlooked or not used properly. We therefore created and tested an instrument that uses accessible background information to calculate the probability of a child being a CSA victim that can be used as a starting point in the following investigation. Studying 903 demographic and socioeconomic variables from over 11,000 Finnish children, we identified 42 features related to CSA. Using Bayesian logic to calculate the probability of abuse, our instrument-the Finnish Investigative Instrument of Child Sexual Abuse (FICSA)-has two separate profiles for boys and girls...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921014/-legal-medicine-specialists-within-the-framework-of-acute-care-analysis-of-legal-medicine-consultations-in-relation-to-the-victims-statistics-of-the-state-office-of-criminal-investigation-in-saxony-anhalt
#2
G Pliske, S Heide, B Lucas, K Brandstädter, F Walcher, S Kropf, R Lessig, S Piatek
BACKGROUND: In acute medical care, there are patients who have been injured by the influence of others. The aim of this study was to analyze all cases which were presented to the Institute for Legal Medicine of the University Halle (Saale). The cases where analyzed in relation to the victims' statistics of the state office of criminal investigation in Saxony-Anhalt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The consultations of the Institute for Legal Medicine Halle-Wittenberg for 2012-2015 were evaluated with regard to the age and gender distribution, the reasons for the consultation and time until the request for consultations...
September 18, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920456/child-sexual-abuse-prevention-opportunities-parenting-programs-and-the-reduction-of-risk
#3
Julia Rudolph, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Dianne C Shanley, Russell Hawkins
To date, child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention has relied largely on child-focused education, teaching children how to identify, avoid, and disclose sexual abuse. The purpose of this article is to explore how prevention opportunities can include parents in new and innovative ways. We propose that parents can play a significant role as protectors of their children via two pathways: (i) directly, through the strong external barriers afforded by parent supervision, monitoring, and involvement; and (ii) indirectly, by promoting their children's self-efficacy, competence, well-being, and self-esteem, which the balance of evidence suggests will help them become less likely targets for abuse and more able to respond appropriately and disclose abuse if it occurs...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919277/-accomplices-under-influence-teachers-lovers-incestigators-or-pimps%C3%A2-who-are-females-child-abusers
#4
Virginie Cailleau, Bérangère Thirioux, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Nematollah Jaafari
According to victimization surveys, the percentage of females among child abusers is much higher than 2 or 5% as usually reported in the devoted literature. The under-estimated percentage of child sexual abuses committed by females would result from the dissimulation of sexual acts within nursing care, a gender bias in favor of women among child protection system professionals and low disclosures. Sexual abuses committed by females are often more harmful for children than sexual abuses committed by males. Although a few female child abusers suffers from psychiatric disorders, most of them are psychologically and emotionally dependent from a man or have psychopathic, manipulative and sometimes sadistic personality traits...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894996/the-relationship-between-parents-intimate-partner-victimization-and-youths-adolescent-relationship-abuse
#5
Weiwei Liu, Elizabeth A Mumford, Bruce G Taylor
Witnessing inter-parental intimate partner violence has been found to be associated with adolescents' own relationship abuse. This study investigates the relationship between patterns of inter-parental intimate partner verbal and physical violence victimization reported by parents and their children's reports of dating abuse experiences and behavior. Latent class analysis was performed on a sample of 610 parents (42% male and 67% white) and their dating adolescent children (ages 12-21 years; 52% male). Parents reported five types of victimization by their partners in the past year, while youth concurrently reported their own victimization and perpetration within their dating relationships...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892508/physical-psychological-sexual-and-systemic-abuse-of-children-with-disabilities-in-east-africa-mapping-the-evidence
#6
Niall Winters, Laurenz Langer, Anne Geniets
Children with disabilities (CWDs) are at a higher risk of being maltreated than are typical children. The evidence base on the abuse of children with disabilities living in low- and middle-income countries is extremely limited but the problem is particularly acute in East Africa. We don't know the types of evidence that exist on this topic. This problem is compounded by the fact that key indicators of disability, such as reliable prevalence rates, are not available currently. This paper addresses this serious problem by mapping the existing evidence-base to document the coverage, patterns, and gaps in existing research on the abuse of children with disabilities in East Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891391/characteristics-of-female-solo-and-female-co-offenders-and-male-solo-sexual-offenders-against-children
#7
Rebecca Williams, Steven M Gillespie, Ian A Elliott, Hilary J Eldridge
Studies have highlighted differences in the victim choice, offender, and offense characteristics of female and male sexual offenders. However, little is known about how solo and co-offending females differ from solo male sexual offenders. We compared the characteristics of 20 solo and 20 co-offending females (co-offended with a male and/or female accomplice), and 40 male sexual offenders against children. We found that solo female offenders showed the most evidence of personal problems, including depression and sexual dissatisfaction...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890662/-where-were-your-clothes-eliciting-descriptions-of-clothing-placement-from-children-alleging-sexual-abuse-in-criminal-trials-and-forensic-interviews
#8
Stacia N Stolzenberg, Thomas D Lyon
PURPOSE: The present study examined how children alleging sexual abuse are asked about clothing placement during abusive episodes, both in criminal trials and forensic interviews. The placement of clothing is of great importance, because it facilitates distinguishing abusive touch from non-abusive touch, as well as the severity of abuse when the touching is in fact sexual. If clothing has not been removed, then sexual abuse appears less likely and certain types of sexual contact are physically impossible (or at least highly improbable)...
September 2017: Legal and Criminological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889143/a-nonrandom-sample-of-55-sexual-abuse-cases-in-sivas
#9
Celal Butun, Ali Yildirim, Erdal Ozer, Eda Yilmaz, Seda Aybuke Sari
BACKGROUND Sexual abuse in childhood is a significant public health problem because of the destructive results both to the individual and to the community. The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children who were victims of sexual abuse, the relationship of the victim and abuser, and the findings of sexual abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS An examination was made of the results of forensic medicine and psychiatric evaluations of child victims of sexual abuse. The sociodemographic characteristics of the cases and the characteristics of the incidents of sexual abuse were evaluated at the Forensic Medicine Department of Cumhuriyet University between 2013 and 2016...
September 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888350/anterior-cingulate-cortex-grey-matter-volume-abnormalities-in-adolescents-with-ptsd-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#10
Mirjam A Rinne-Albers, J Nienke Pannekoek, Marie-José van Hoof, Natasja D van Lang, Francien Lamers-Winkelman, Serge A Rombouts, Nic J van der Wee, Robert R Vermeiren
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) substantially increase the risk of later psychiatric and somatic pathology. While neurobiological factors are likely to play a mediating role, specific insights are lacking. The scarce neuroimaging studies in traumatised pediatric populations have provided inconsistent results, potentially due to the inclusion of different types of trauma. To further improve our understanding of the neurobiology of pediatric psychotrauma, this study seeks to investigate abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in a homogeneous group of adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the relationship between GMV and symptom severity...
September 6, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886870/children-and-young-people-s-views-on-institutional-safety-it-s-not-just-because-we-re-little
#11
Tim P Moore
The Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse has set in motion a number of systemic and organizational approaches to identify and respond to child sexual abuse. These include increased child abuse awareness, developing and enhancing child-safe organizational cultures and policies and more thorough screening and supervision of staff in child and youth serving organizations. Although these advances should be applauded, many of the concerns that children and young people have raised about interpersonal safety have not been fully addressed...
September 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885894/comparison-of-self-identified-minor-attracted-persons-who-have-and-have-not-successfully-refrained-from-sexual-activity-with-children
#12
Lisa Cohen, Nwayieze Ndukwe, Zimri Yaseen, Igor Galynker
The present study compares community-based minor attracted persons (MAPs) with and without histories of sexual activity with children. MAP-Actors (N = 342) were significantly older than Non-Actors (N = 223), with longer duration of pedophilic attraction, more antisocial traits, greater attraction to boys, greater difficulty controlling their attraction and more positive attitudes towards adult-child sexual activity. Additionally, more MAP-Actors reported prior mental health treatment, nonsexual offenses, and childhood sexual and nonsexual abuse...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882320/judges-delivery-of-ground-rules-to-child-witnesses-in-australian-courts
#13
Becky Earhart, Sonja P Brubacher, Martine B Powell, Nina J Westera, Jane Goodman-Delahunty
Ground rules directions are given to children in forensic interviews to explain what is expected of them, and to reduce their tendency to acquiesce to erroneous or incomprehensible questions. Ground rules may also be necessary when children provide testimony in court. Drawing on research conducted for the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse, the present study examined the use of ground rules directions delivered in court in 52 trials by 24 presiding judges in three jurisdictions to 57 child complainants (aged 7-17...
September 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875776/helping-children-to-tell-about-sexual-abuse-guidance-for-helpers-rosaleen-mcelvaney-helping-children-to-tell-about-sexual-abuse-guidance-for-helpers-jessica-kingsley-publishers-160pp-%C3%A2-14-99-9781849057127-1849057125-formula-see-text
#14
(no author information available yet)
Written in an easy-to-read style and with useful references to research, this book explores the issue of disclosure of sexual abuse. It follows a child's experience of abuse, describing the challenges of disclosure from the perspectives of the child and an adult helper, then discusses the help needed after disclosure.
September 6, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874106/an-opportunity-view-of-child-sexual-offending-investigating-nonpersuasion-and-circumstances-of-offending-through-criminological-lens
#15
Benoit Leclerc, Jean Proulx
The empirical evidence indicating that sexual offenders against children manipulate their victims to participate in sexual activities dominates the literature on sex offenders and their modus operandi. However, recent evidence suggests that a high proportion of these offenders do not try to persuade their victims for sexual contact in the first place by using coercion or manipulation but simply assault them when an opportunity arises. Using self-reported data from a sample of incarcerated adult sexual offenders against children, we investigate whether sexual offenses against children committed by the use of nonpersuasion are characterized by little planning and by offense features that are indicative of opportunistic offending...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869880/psychometric-properties-of-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-abuse-short-form-ace-asf-among-romanian-high-school-students
#16
Franziska Meinck, Alina Paula Cosma, Christopher Mikton, Adriana Baban
Child abuse is a major public health problem. In order to establish the prevalence of abuse exposure among children, measures need to be age-appropriate, sensitive, reliable and valid. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF). The ACE-ASF is an 8-item, retrospective self-report questionnaire measuring lifetime physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Data from a nationally representative sample of 15-year-old, school-going adolescents (n=1733, 55...
September 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864538/hospital-costs-and-charges-of-discharge-delays-in-children-hospitalized-for-abuse-and-neglect
#17
Michael Lee, Angela Bachim, Carolyn Smith, Elizabeth A Camp, Marcella Donaruma-Kwoh, Binita Patel
OBJECTIVES: Hospitalizations for child maltreatment cases are longer and costlier than hospitalizations for medically similar nonabuse cases. Some discharges are delayed despite medical clearance because of a lack of safe disposition, increasing the cost of hospitalization. We aim to quantify the additional charges and costs of these delays. METHODS: A retrospective chart review evaluated the dates of medical clearance and clinical characteristics of child protection team inpatient consults from 2012 to 2014 at a 595-bed quaternary-care urban hospital...
September 1, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863730/the-challenges-of-identifying-and-classifying-child-sexual-abuse-material
#18
Juliane A Kloess, Jessica Woodhams, Helen Whittle, Tim Grant, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis
The aim of the present study was to (a) assess the reliability with which indecent images of children (IIOC) are classified as being of an indecent versus nonindecent nature, and (b) examine in detail the decision-making process engaged in by law enforcement personnel who undertake the difficult task of identifying and classifying IIOC as per the current legislative offense categories. One experienced researcher and four employees from a police force in the United Kingdom coded an extensive amount of IIOC ( n = 1,212-2,233) to determine if they (a) were deemed to be of an indecent nature, and (b) depicted a child...
August 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863393/child-maltreatment-characteristics-as-predictors-of-heterogeneity-in-internalizing-symptom-trajectories-among-children-in-the-child-welfare-system
#19
Susan Yoon
This study investigated heterogeneity in the developmental trajectories of internalizing symptoms among 541 children who were involved with the child welfare system and examined child maltreatment characteristics, including types, level of harm, and timing, as predictors of internalizing trajectory patterns. Secondary longitudinal research was conducted using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being-I, collected from 1999 to 2007 in the United States. Three distinct trajectory groups were identified: high-decreasing; low-increasing; and low-stable Sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, and more severe levels of harm from maltreatment predicted membership in two maladaptive groups compared to the low-stable group...
August 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857691/exploring-the-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-hope
#20
Michael A Baxter, Eden J Hemming, Heather C McIntosh, Chan M Hellman
To explore the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and hope, a convenience sample of caregivers bringing in children for medical investigation of child abuse at a regional child advocacy center were surveyed for adverse childhood experiences and dispositional hope. Hope in this sample had a significant negative correlation to the adverse childhood experiences subscale "abuse" (r = -.19; p < .05). The relationship between hope and the other adverse childhood experiences subscales "neglect" (r = -...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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