keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cortisol children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073999/everyday-support-to-aging-parents-links-to-middle-aged-children-s-diurnal-cortisol-and-daily-mood
#1
Lauren R Bangerter, Yin Liu, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Kira S Birditt, Karen L Fingerman
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Middle-aged adults are often called upon to support aging parents. However, providing support to an aging parent with health problems and disability may be a stressful experience. This study asked whether giving everyday support to parents in the context of health problems and disability has implications for middle-aged children's diurnal cortisol and daily mood. DESIGN AND METHODS: During four consecutive days, 148 middle-aged adults (mean age = 55) reported the support they gave to their parents and provided saliva 4 times a day (wake, 30 min post-wake, lunchtime, and bedtime)...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060541/response-to-kennaway-et-al-comment-on-the-study-school-start-time-influences-melatonin-and-cortisol-levels-in-children-and-adolescents-a-community-based-study
#2
Alicia Carissimi, Lilian Corrêa da Silva, Cristian Patrick Zeni, Maria Paz Hidalgo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045307/the-effects-of-economic-and-sociocultural-stressors-on-the-well-being-of-children-of-latino-immigrants-living-in-poverty
#3
Marina M Mendoza, Julia Dmitrieva, Krista M Perreira, Eliana Hurwich-Reiss, Sarah Enos Watamura
OBJECTIVE: This article explored whether preschoolers' physical (body mass index [BMI] and salivary cortisol levels) and psychological (internalizing/externalizing behaviors) well-being were predicted by economic hardship, as has been previously documented, and further, whether parental immigration-related stress and/or acculturation level moderated this relationship in low-income Latino families. METHOD: The sample for the current study included 71 children of Latino immigrants (M = 4...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043901/mother-child-language-style-matching-predicts-children-s-and-mothers-emotion-reactivity
#4
Hannah F Rasmussen, Jessica L Borelli, Patricia A Smiley, Chloe Cohen, Ryan Cheuk Ming Cheung, Schuyler Fox, Matthew Marvin, Betsy Blackard
Co-regulation of behavior occurring within parent-child attachment relationships is thought to be the primary means through which children develop the capacity to regulate emotion, an ability that is protective across development. Existing research on parent-child co-regulation focuses predominantly on parent-infant dyads, and operationalizes co-regulation as the matching of facial expressions; however, matching can occur on other behaviors, including vocal tone, body movement, and language. Studies with young children find that greater matching is associated with children's lower emotion reactivity, but with unknown impacts on parents...
December 30, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043700/prenatal-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-exposure-and-disruption-of-adrenal-androgens-and-glucocorticoids-levels-in-cord-blood-the-hokkaido-study
#5
Atsuko Araki, Takahiko Mitsui, Houman Goudarzi, Tamie Nakajima, Chihiro Miyashita, Sachiko Itoh, Seiko Sasaki, Kazutoshi Cho, Kimihiko Moriya, Nobuo Shinohara, Katsuya Nonomura, Reiko Kishi
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is known for its endocrine disrupting properties. We previously demonstrated that prenatal DEHP exposure is associated with decreased progesterone levels and testosterone/estradiol ratio in the cord blood. However, evidence of the effects of prenatal DEHP exposure on adrenal androgen and glucocorticoids in infants is scarce. Thus, the objectives of this study were to investigate the association between prenatal DEHP exposure and adrenal androgen and glucocorticoids, and to discuss its effects on steroid hormone profiles in infants...
December 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043239/longitudinal-synergies-between-cortisol-reactivity-and-diurnal-testosterone-and-antisocial-behavior-in-young-adolescents
#6
Elizabeth J Susman, Melissa K Peckins, Jacey L Bowes, Lorah D Dorn
The aims were to identify the correspondence between simultaneous, longitudinal changes in cortisol reactivity and diurnal testosterone and to test the hypothesis that cortisol reactivity and diurnal testosterone interact so as to influence antisocial behavior. Participants were 135 children and young adolescents assessed at 6-month intervals over 1 year. Upon enrollment girls were age 8, 10, or 12 years (N = 69, M = 10.06 years) and boys were age 9, 11, or 13 years (N = 66, M = 10.94 years). Assessments included Tanner staging by a nurse, cortisol reactivity (Trier Social Stress Test for Children), diurnal testosterone, and interviews and questionnaires...
January 3, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030969/the-effects-of-trait-and-state-affect-on-diurnal-cortisol-slope-among-children-affected-by-parental-hiv-aids-in-rural-china
#7
Lihua Chen, Peilian Chi, Xiaoming Li, Samuele Zilioli, Junfeng Zhao, Guoxiang Zhao, Danhua Lin
Affect is believed to be one of the most prominent proximal psychological pathway through which more distal psychosocial factors influence physiology and ultimately health. The current study examines the relative contributions of trait affect and state affect to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, with particular focus on cortisol slope, in children affected by parental HIV/AIDS. A sample of 645 children (8-15 years old) affected by parental HIV/AIDS in rural China completed a multiple-day naturalistic salivary cortisol protocol...
December 28, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027684/associations-between-circadian-and-stress-response-cortisol-in-children
#8
Sterre S H Simons, Antonius H N Cillessen, Carolina de Weerth
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning is characterized by the baseline production of cortisol following a circadian rhythm, as well as by the superimposed production of cortisol in response to a stressor. However, it is relatively unknown whether the basal cortisol circadian rhythm is associated with the cortisol stress response in children. Since alterations in cortisol stress responses have been associated with mental and physical health, this study investigated whether the cortisol circadian rhythm is associated with cortisol stress responses in 6-year-old children...
December 27, 2016: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024271/the-impact-of-the-severity-of-early-life-stress-on-diurnal-cortisol-the-role-of-puberty
#9
Lucy S King, Natalie L Colich, Joelle LeMoult, Kathryn L Humphreys, Sarah J Ordaz, Alexandria N Price, Ian H Gotlib
Researchers have documented dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in children and adolescents who experienced early life stress (ELS). The precise nature of this dysregulation, however, has been difficult to discern. In fact, both elevated and blunted patterns of diurnal cortisol regulation have been reported in children and adolescents exposed to greater ELS, including both reduced and heightened cortisol levels and change in cortisol across the day. These divergent findings may be due to developmental changes in the relation between ELS and HPA-axis functioning...
November 24, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024268/validation-of-autonomic-and-endocrine-reactivity-to-a-laboratory-stressor-in-young-children
#10
Leslie E Roos, Ryan J Giuliano, Kathryn G Beauchamp, Megan Gunnar, Brigette Amidon, Philip A Fisher
The validation of laboratory paradigms that reliably induce a stress response [including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activation], is critical for understanding how children's stress-response systems support emotional and cognitive function. Early childhood research to date is markedly limited, given the difficulty in establishing paradigms that reliably induce a cortisol response. Furthermore, research to date has not included a control condition or examined concurrent ANS reactivity...
November 29, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012663/knemometry-is-more-sensitive-to-systemic-effects-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-in-children-with-asthma-than-24-hour-urine-cortisol-excretion
#11
Bo Chawes, Erik Nilsson, Sarah Nørgaard, Anna Dossing, Li Mortensen, Hans Bisgaard
BACKGROUND: Pharmacodynamic assessment of the systemic effect of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) is often done by measuring 24-hour urine free cortisol (UFC) excretion. Knemometry assessing short-term lower-leg growth rate (LLGR) is a more rarely used alternative. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity of LLGR and 24-hour UFC excretion for evaluating systemic exposure to ICSs in prepubertal children with asthma. The secondary aim was to evaluate factors influencing the precision of LLGR calculated by the traditional 1 leg nonparametric method versus a new 2 leg parametric method...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008865/the-relationship-of-serum-zonulin-level-with-clinical-and-laboratory-parameters-in-childhood-obesity
#12
Tuncay Küme, Sezer Acar, Hale Tuhan, Gönül Çatlı, Ahmet Anık, Özlem Gürsoy Çalan, Ece Böber, Ayhan Abacı
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between zonulin and clinical laboratory parameters in childhood obesity. METHODS: The study included obese children with a body mass index >95th percentile and healthy children who were similar age and gender distribution. Clinical (body mass index, waist circumferences, mid arm circumference, triceps skin fold, percentage of body fat, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure) and biochemical (glucose, insulin, lipids, thyroid function tests, cortisol, zonulin and leptin levels) parameters were measured...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008293/hormonal-and-echocardiographic-abnormalities-in-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-anemia-in-bahrain
#13
Taysir S Garadah, Ahmed A Jaradat, Mohammed E Alalawi, Adla B Hassan
BACKGROUND: Adrenal, thyroid, and parathyroid gland hormonal changes are recognized in children with homozygous (HbSS) sickle-cell anemia (SCA), but are not clear in adult patients with SCA. AIM: To assess the metabolic and endocrine abnormalities in adult patients with SCA and evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions compared with patients with no SCA and further study the relationship between serum levels of cortisol, free thyroxine (T4), and testosterone with serum ferritin...
2016: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007534/fkbp5-polymorphism-is-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#14
Marta Fichna, Izabela Krzyśko-Pieczka, Magdalena Żurawek, Bogda Skowrońska, Danuta Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Piotr Fichna
OBJECTIVE: Since metabolic syndrome shares several clinical features with hypercortisolism, it was hypothesised that genes altering individual glucocorticoid (GC) sensitivity might be implicated in pathogenesis of obesity and its adverse outcomes. FKBP5 gene encodes a chaperon protein in the GC receptor (GR) complex, which modulates steroid action upon target genes. Its functional variant, rs1360780, may enhance FKBP5 gene transcription, affect GR signalling and thereby influence the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis...
December 19, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999786/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-autonomic-function-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Annelies Van Eyck, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck, Benedicte Y De Winter, Luc Van Gaal, Wilfried De Backer, Stijn L Verhulst
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), common in children with obesity, is associated with cardiovascular morbidity. Autonomic dysfunction has been suggested to be a key player in the development of these complications. We investigated the relationship between obesity, OSA and sympathetic activity in children. 191 children with obesity were included and distributed into two groups: 131 controls and 60 with OSA. Beat-to-beat RR interval data were extracted from polysomnography for heart rate variability analysis. Urinary free cortisol levels were determined...
October 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995329/stress-hormones-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-paediatric-critical-illness-an-exploratory-study
#16
REVIEW
Lorraine C Als, Maria D Picouto, Kieran J O'Donnell, Simon Nadel, Mehrengise Cooper, Christine M Pierce, Tami Kramer, Vivette A S Glover, M Elena Garralda
In this exploratory case-control study, we investigated basal cortisol regulation in 5-16-year-old children, 3-6 months following PICU (paediatric intensive care) admission. This was nested within a study of child psychological and cognitive function; 47 children were assessed alongside 56 healthy controls. Saliva samples were collected three times per day (immediately after waking, waking +30 min, and waking +12 h) over two consecutive weekdays. In addition, data on posttraumatic stress symptoms were ascertained from 33 PICU admitted children using the Impact of Events Scale-8 (IES-8)...
December 19, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986514/parenting-stress-and-salivary-cortisol-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-longitudinal-variations-in-the-context-of-a-service-dog-s-presence-in-the-family
#17
Stéphanie-M Fecteau, Louise Boivin, Marcel Trudel, Blythe A Corbett, Frank E Harrell, Robert Viau, Noël Champagne, Frédéric Picard
A significant portion of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder report high levels of stress related to parenting responsibilities, which have been linked to abnormal cortisol patterns. This study seeks to better understand the parents' adaptation to caregiving demands and use of a service dog, by taking into account longitudinal variations in salivary cortisol and perception of parental stress. Salivary cortisol was collected one day per week for 15 weeks by 98 primary caregivers of children with ASD...
December 13, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984355/the-prospective-association-of-the-diurnal-cortisol-rhythm-with-sleep-duration-and-perceived-sleeping-problems-in-pre-schoolers-the-generation-r-study
#18
Nathalie S Saridjan, Desana Kocevska, Maartje P C M Luijk, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Cortisol, the end-product of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, plays an important role in modulating sleep. Yet, studies investigating the association between diurnal cortisol rhythm and sleep patterns in young children are scarce. We tested the hypothesis that the diurnal cortisol rhythm is associated with shorter sleep duration and more sleep problems across early childhood. METHODS: This study was embedded in Generation R, a population-based cohort from fetal life onwards...
December 15, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982510/stress-system-dysregulation-in-pediatric-generalized-anxiety-disorder-associated-with-comorbid-depression
#19
R Funke, A Eichler, J Distler, Y Golub, O Kratz, G H Moll
Because chronic stress is an important risk factor for anxiety states and depressive disorders, we studied hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathetic system activity via changes in cortisol and alpha amylase activity levels in pediatric generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) patients (n = 26) with comorbid depression and a healthy comparison group (n = 26). Morning plasma cortisol and diurnal profiles of salivary cortisol and salivary alpha amylase (sAA) activity were assessed, also reactivity of HPA-axis, sAA activity, and heart rate following a psychosocial stressor (Trier Social Stress Test for children)...
December 16, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956063/associations-of-acute-and-chronic-stress-hormones-with-cognitive-functions-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Shino Ogawa, Young-A Lee, Yoshie Yamaguchi, Yuka Shibata, Yukiori Goto
Extensive studies have reported cognitive abnormalities in neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Another line of evidence suggests that stress also affects cognitive functions. In this study, we investigated whether there were associations between stress hormones and cognitive functions in ASD and typically developing (TD) children. Cognitive functions in ASD and TD children were evaluated with a battery of psychological tests for working memory, behavioral flexibility, and social cognition for emotional assessments of others...
December 10, 2016: Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
57225
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"