keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Relational priming

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646791/disorganised-schizotypy-is-selectively-associated-with-poorer-semantic-processing-in-non-clinical-individuals
#1
Eric Josiah Tan, Susan Lee Rossell
The nature and severity of semantic memory (SM) impairments in schizophrenia has been related to symptoms, mainly formal thought disorder (FTD), and other clinical factors like length of illness. Symptom-related studies in schizophrenia are often confounded by clinical factors, for example medication and hospitalisations. We completed a schizotypy analogue study to examine the relationship between SM processing and FTD using an analogue schizotypy score referred to as cognitive disorganisation. Sixty individuals without a history of mental illness (M=22...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646518/comparative-proteomics-and-protein-profile-related-to-phenolic-compounds-and-antioxidant-activity-in-germinated-oryza-sativa-kdml105-and-thai-brown-rice-mali-dang-for-better-nutritional-value
#2
Sarunyaporn Maksup, Sarintip Pongpakpian, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Suriyan Cha-Um, Kanyaratt Supaibulwatana
BACKGROUND: Brown rice (BR) and germinated brown rice (GBR) are considered as a prime source of carbohydrate and bioactive compounds for more than half of the world's populations. Several studies have reported on the proteomics of BR and GBR; however, the proteomic profiles related to the synthesis of bioactive compounds are less well documented. In this study, BR and GBR were used in a comparative analysis of the proteomic and bioactive compound profiles for two famous Thai rice varieties, Khao Dawk Mali 105 (KDML) and Mali Dang (MD)...
June 24, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642820/intratumorally-injected-pro-inflammatory-allogeneic-dendritic-cells-as-immune-enhancers-a-first-in-human-study-in-unfavourable-risk-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#3
Anna Laurell, Maria Lönnemark, Einar Brekkan, Anders Magnusson, Anna Tolf, Anna Carin Wallgren, Bengt Andersson, Lars Adamson, Rolf Kiessling, Alex Karlsson-Parra
BACKGROUND: Accumulating pre-clinical data indicate that the efficient induction of antigen-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T cells characterizing viral infections is caused by cross-priming where initially infected DCs produce an unique set of inflammatory factors that recruit and activate non-infected bystander DCs. Our DC-based immunotherapy concept is guided by such bystander view and accordingly, we have developed a cellular adjuvant consisting of pre-activated allogeneic DCs producing high levels of DC-recruiting and DC-activating factors...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642683/object-phobia-and-altered-rhoa-signaling-in-amygdala-of-mice-lacking-rich2
#4
Tasnuva Sarowar, Stefanie Grabrucker, Tobias M Boeckers, Andreas M Grabrucker
RICH2 knockout (RICH2 KO) mice exhibit neophobia in the novel object test. To gain further insight into their anxiety-related phenotype, we subjected these mice to additional behavioral tests to elucidate whether the behavioral abnormality in these mice is a consequence of reduced exploratory motivation, and whether the neophobia is linked specifically to objects or also present for other modalities. RICH2 KO mice engage in normal exploration in a novel environment, suggesting that the anxiety-related phenotype is not due to reduced exploratory drive...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642299/dysfunctional-neutrophil-effector-organelle-mobilisation-and-microbicidal-protein-release-in-alcohol-related-cirrhosis
#5
Thomas Henry Tranah, Godhev K Manakkat Vijay, Jennifer M Ryan, Robin Daniel Abeles, Paul Kevin Middleton, Debbie Lindsay Shawcross
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with alcohol-related cirrhosis (ALD) are prone to infection. Circulating neutrophils in ALD are dysfunctional and predict development of sepsis, organ dysfunction and survival. Neutrophil granules are important effector organelles containing a toxic array of microbicidal proteins, whose controlled release is required to kill micro-organisms whilst minimising inflammation and damage to host tissue. We investigated the role of these granular responses in contributing to immune disarray in ALD...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639180/initial-maternal-serum-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-levels-in-pregnancies-achieved-after-assisted-reproductive-technology-are-higher-after-preimplantation-genetic-screening-and-after-frozen-embryo-transfer-a-retrospective-cohort
#6
Elie Hobeika, Sonali Singh, Shaveta Malik, Eric S Knochenhauer, Michael L Traub
PURPOSE: Few published articles have compared initial hCG values across all different types of ART cycles, including cycles with fresh or frozen embryo transfer. No articles have compared initial hCG values in cycles utilizing preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). The purpose of this study is to compare initial hCG values after fresh embryo transfer, frozen embryo transfer, and after PGS. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study at an academically affiliated private IVF center...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639175/valence-and-origin-of-emotional-words-influence-on-subsequent-perception-of-ambiguous-stimuli-in-terms-of-competence-versus-warmth
#7
Kamil K Imbir
The aim of this study was to examine whether the valence and origin of emotional words can alter perception of ambiguous objects in terms of warmth versus competence, fundamental dimensions of social cognition. 60 individuals were invited into the study focusing on the limits of intuition. They were asked to try to guess the meaning of Japanese pictorial signs in terms of their warmth versus competence connotations. Before each trial a subsequent memory load task was applied. Participants were supposed to read and remember words creating a factorial manipulation of valence (three levels) and origins (three levels: automatic, neutral and reflective) of affective connotations presenting to them for 500 ms...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636769/is-cannabis-treatment-for-anxiety-mood-and-related-disorders-ready-for-prime-time
#8
REVIEW
Jasmine Turna, Beth Patterson, Michael Van Ameringen
Anxiety and related disorders are the most common mental conditions affecting the North American population. Despite their established efficacy, first-line antidepressant treatments are associated with significant side effects, leading many afflicted individuals to seek alternative treatments. Cannabis is commonly viewed as a natural alternative for a variety of medical and mental health conditions. Currently, anxiety ranks among the top five medical symptoms for which North Americans report using medical marijuana...
June 21, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632844/complement-mediated-regulation-of-apolipoprotein-e-in-cultured-human-rpe-cells
#9
Ping Yang, Nikolai P Skiba, Grace M Tewkesbury, Victoria M Treboschi, Peter Baciu, Glenn J Jaffe
PURPOSE: Complement activation is implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and complement activation products such as membrane attack complex (MAC) are present in eyes of individuals with AMD. Herein, we investigated the effect of complement activation on induction of ApoE accumulation in human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. METHODS: Cultured human RPE cells were primed with a complement-fixing antibody followed by treatment with C1q-depleted (C1q-Dep) human serum to elicit alternative pathway complement activation...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632753/mait-cells-launch-a-rapid-robust-and-distinct-hyperinflammatory-response-to-bacterial-superantigens-and-quickly-acquire-an-anergic-phenotype-that-impedes-their-cognate-antimicrobial-function-defining-a-novel-mechanism-of-superantigen-induced-immunopathology
#10
Christopher R Shaler, Joshua Choi, Patrick T Rudak, Arash Memarnejadian, Peter A Szabo, Mauro E Tun-Abraham, Jamie Rossjohn, Alexandra J Corbett, James McCluskey, John K McCormick, Olivier Lantz, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, S M Mansour Haeryfar
Superantigens (SAgs) are potent exotoxins secreted by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. They target a large fraction of T cell pools to set in motion a "cytokine storm" with severe and sometimes life-threatening consequences typically encountered in toxic shock syndrome (TSS). Given the rapidity with which TSS develops, designing timely and truly targeted therapies for this syndrome requires identification of key mediators of the cytokine storm's initial wave. Equally important, early host responses to SAgs can be accompanied or followed by a state of immunosuppression, which in turn jeopardizes the host's ability to combat and clear infections...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632042/lesions-to-the-left-lateral-prefrontal-cortex-impair-decision-threshold-adjustment-for-lexical-selection
#11
Royce Anders, Stéphanie Riès, Leendert Van Maanen, F-Xavier Alario
Patients with lesions in the left prefrontal cortex (PFC) have been shown to be impaired in lexical selection, especially when interference between semantically related alternatives is increased. To more deeply investigate which computational mechanisms may be impaired following left PFC damage due to stroke, a psychometric modelling approach is employed in which we assess the cognitive parameters of the patients from an evidence accumulation (sequential information sampling) modelling of their response data...
March 1, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631256/vulnerability-to-a-metabolic-challenge-following-perinatal-asphyxia-evaluated-by-organotypic-cultures-neonatal-nicotinamide-treatment
#12
R Perez-Lobos, C Lespay-Rebolledo, A Tapia-Bustos, E Palacios, V Vío, D Bustamante, P Morales, M Herrera-Marschitz
The hypothesis of enhanced vulnerability following perinatal asphyxia was investigated with a protocol combining in vivo and in vitro experiments. Asphyxia-exposed (AS) (by 21 min water immersion of foetuses containing uterine horns) and caesarean-delivered control (CS) rat neonates were used at P2-3 for preparing triple organotypic cultures (substantia nigra, neostriatum and neocortex). At DIV 18, cultures were exposed to different concentrations of H2O2 (0.25-45 mM), added to the culture medium for 18 h...
June 19, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630829/are-we-justified-doing-salvage-or-amputation-procedure-based-on-mangled-extremity-severity-score-in-mangled-upper-extremity-injury
#13
R Siva Kumar, Prahalad Kumar Singhi, M Chidambaram
INTRODUCTION: Mangled upper limb injuries are at surge because of industrialization, modernization, and severe motor vehicle accidents. The utility of various scoring systems are meant for decision making in mangled lower limb injuries, and the same have been extrapolated for mangled upper limb injuries to make a decision of salvage or amputation for the lack of separate scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied mangled extremity severity score (MESS) and mangled extremity syndrome index (MESI) scoring systems to 10 cases of mangled upper limb injuries during the period of November 2010 to September 2012 presented at our tertiary trauma care center...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628833/urtica-dioica-extract-suppresses-mir-21-and-metastasis-related-genes-in-breast-cancer
#14
Behzad Mansoori, Ali Mohammadi, Shahriar Hashemzadeh, Solmaz Shirjang, Ali Baradaran, Milad Asadi, Mohammad Amin Doustvandi, Behzad Baradaran
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has a high prevalence among women worldwide. Tumor invasion and metastasis still remains an open issue that causes most of the therapeutic failures and remains the prime cause of patient mortality. Hence, there is an unmet need to develop the most effective therapeutic approach with the lowest side effects and highest cytotoxicity that will effectively arrest or eradicate metastasis. METHODS: An MTT assay and scratch test were used to assess the cytotoxicity and migration effects of Urtica dioica on the breast cancer cells...
June 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628370/multiple-joint-exercises-using-elastic-resistance-bands-vs-conventional-resistance-training-equipment-a-cross-over-study
#15
Vegard M Iversen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ottar Vasseljen, Ronny Bergquist, Marius S Fimland
Previous studies indicate that elastic resistance bands (ERB) can be a viable option to conventional resistance-training equipment (CRE) during single-joint resistance exercises, but their efficacy has not been established for several commonly used multiple-joint resistance exercises. Thus, we compared muscular activation levels in four popular multiple-joint exercises performed with ERB (TheraBand(®)) vs. CRE (Olympic barbell or cable pulley machines). In a cross-over design, men and women (n = 29) performed squats, stiff-legged deadlifts, unilateral rows and lateral pulldown using both modalities...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627041/prior-exercise-speeds-pulmonary-oxygen-uptake-kinetics-and-increases-critical-power-during-supine-but-not-upright-cycling
#16
Richie P Goulding, Denise M Roche, Simon Marwood
Critical power (CP) is a fundamental parameter defining high-intensity exercise tolerance and is related to the time constant of phase II pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics (τV̇O2 ). To test the hypothesis that this relationship is causal we determined the impact of prior exercise ("priming") on CP and τV̇O2 in the upright and supine positions. 17 healthy men were assigned to either upright or supine exercise groups, whereby CP, τV̇O2 and muscle deoxyhaemoglobin kinetics (τ[HHb] ) were determined via constant-power tests to exhaustion at four work-rates with (primed) and without (control) priming exercise at ∼31%Δ...
June 19, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626461/neoglycoconjugate-of-tetrasaccharide-representing-one-repeating-unit-of-the-streptococcus-pneumoniae-type-14-capsular-polysaccharide-induces-the-production-of-opsonizing-igg1-antibodies-and-possesses-the-highest-protective-activity-as-compared-to-hexa-and-octasaccharide
#17
Ekaterina A Kurbatova, Nelli K Akhmatova, Elina A Akhmatova, Nadezhda B Egorova, Natalya E Yastrebova, Elena V Sukhova, Dmitriy V Yashunsky, Yury E Tsvetkov, Marina L Gening, Nikolay E Nifantiev
Identifying protective synthetic oligosaccharide (OS) epitopes of Streptococcus pneumoniae capsular polysaccharides (CPs) is an indispensable step in the development of third-generation carbohydrate pneumococcal vaccines. Synthetic tetra-, hexa-, and octasaccharide structurally related to CP of S. pneumoniae type 14 were coupled to bovine serum albumin (BSA), adjuvanted with aluminum hydroxide, and tested for their immunogenicity in mice upon intraperitoneal prime-boost immunizations. Injections of the conjugates induced production of opsonizing anti-OS IgG1 antibodies (Abs)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624680/the-timing-of-spontaneous-detection-and-repair-of-naming-errors-in-aphasia
#18
Julia Schuchard, Erica L Middleton, Myrna F Schwartz
This study examined the timing of spontaneous self-monitoring in the naming responses of people with aphasia. Twelve people with aphasia completed a 615-item naming test twice, in separate sessions. Naming attempts were scored for accuracy and error type, and verbalizations indicating detection were coded as negation (e.g., "no, not that") or repair attempts (i.e., a changed naming attempt). Focusing on phonological and semantic errors, we measured the timing of the errors and of the utterances that provided evidence of detection...
May 25, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619824/the-histone-3-lysine-4-methyltransferase-setd1b-is-a-maternal-effect-gene-required-for-the-oogenic-gene-expression-program
#19
David Brici, Qinyu Zhang, Susanne Reinhardt, Andreas Dahl, Hella Hartmann, Kerstin Schmidt, Neha Goveas, Jiahao Huang, Lenka Gahurova, Gavin Kelsey, Konstantinos Anastassiadis, A Francis Stewart, Andrea Kranz
Germ cell development involves major reprogramming of the epigenome to prime the zygote for totipotency. Histone 3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methylations are universal epigenetic marks mediated in mammals by six H3K4 methyltransferases related to fly Trithorax, including two yeast Set1 orthologs: Setd1a and Setd1b. Whereas Setd1a plays no role in oogenesis, we report that Setd1b deficiency causes female sterility. Oocyte specific Gdf9iCre conditional knockout (Setd1b(Gdf9) cKO) ovaries develop through all stages however follicular loss accumulated with age and unfertilized metaphase II (MII) oocytes exhibited irregularities of the zona pellucida and meiotic spindle...
June 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619103/effects-of-muscle-dysmorphia-social-comparisons-and-body-schema-priming-on-desire-for-social-interaction-an-experimental-approach
#20
Catharina Schneider, Maria Agthe, Takuya Yanagida, Martin Voracek, Kristina Hennig-Fast
BACKGROUND: Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a relatively young diagnosis referring to the desire for a high degree in lean muscle mass, while simultaneously believing that one is insufficiently muscular, mostly found in men. It goes along with a risk for social withdrawal to maintain rigid exercise and dietary regimen. The aim of the current study was thus, to explore differences in men with and without a risk for muscle dysmorphia regarding their desire for social interaction. Furthermore, we investigated potential effects of individual social comparison tendencies (the tendency to compare oneself with persons who are perceived to be superior or inferior to oneself on a certain dimension) and of one's own body schema on the desire for social interaction...
June 15, 2017: BMC Psychology
keyword
keyword
57221
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"