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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231628/the-lived-experience-of-recovery-during-the-first-six-months-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#1
Jenny Jakobsson, Ewa Idvall, Christine Kumlien
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the lived experience of recovery during the first six months after colorectal cancer surgery. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer-diagnose worldwide. Early discharge places demands on health care professionals to prepare patients for their return home and to provide them with appropriate support throughout the recovery process. This requires knowledge of what it is like to recover from colorectal cancer surgery...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231616/a-dedicated-nutritional-care-program-nutricare-to-reduce-malnutrition-in-institutionalized-dysphagic-older-people-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Milko Zanini, Annamaria Bagnasco, Gianluca Catania, Giuseppe Aleo, Marina Sartini, Maria Luisa Cristina, Stefania Ripamonti, Fiammetta Monacelli, Patrizio Odetti, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a texture-modified food program for dysphagia on the nutritional, biochemical, and functional profile in a cohort of institutionalized older people in Italy. BACKGROUND: Dysphagic institutionalized older people, often also affected by dementia, are frequently exposed to malnutrition. Malnutrition in older people has negative effects on mortality, days of hospitalization, infection, wound healing, and risk of pressure injuries...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231615/what-do-older-people-experiencing-loneliness-think-about-primary-care-or-community-based-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-a-qualitative-study-in-england
#3
Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Mima Cattan, Claire Goodman, Maggie Kirby-Barr, Janet H Whitehouse, Kate Walters
Loneliness in later life is a common problem with poor health outcomes. However, interventions to prevent or ameliorate loneliness have a weak evidence base. The views of older people experiencing or at risk of loneliness in the community are important in identifying features of potential support, but have been little studied. Twenty-eight community dwelling people, aged 65 and over who reported being 'lonely much of the time' or identified as lonely from the de Jong Gierveld six-item loneliness scale in a larger study, participated in in-depth interviews, between June 2013 and May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230563/implementation-of-an-early-mobility-pathway-in-neurointensive-care-unit-patients-with-external-ventricular-devices
#4
Megan Moyer, Bethany Young, Joseph Borst, William Pino, Marisa Hart, Jesse LoBreglio, Derek Zaleski, Isaira Leonor, David Kung, Michelle Smith, Eric Zager, M Sean Grady, Monisha Kumar
BACKGROUND: Patients with an external ventricular drain (EVD) may not be readily mobilized because of concerns of catheter dislodgment and/or inappropriate cerebrospinal fluid drainage. Delayed mobilization may result in longer hospital stays and an increased risk for complications related to immobility. We aimed to determine the safety, feasibility, and outcome of an EVD mobilization protocol in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: A multidisciplinary group developed a formal algorithm for the mobilization of patients with SAH with EVDs...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229474/residents-engagement-in-everyday-activities-and-its-association-with-thriving-in-nursing-homes-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sabine Björk, Marie Lindkvist, Anders Wimo, Christina Juthberg, Ådel Bergland, David Edvardsson
AIM: To describe the prevalence of everyday activity engagement for older people in nursing homes and the extent to which engagement in everyday activities is associated with thriving. BACKGROUND: Research into residents' engagement in everyday activities in nursing homes has focused primarily on associations with quality of life and prevention and management of neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, the mere absence of symptoms do not necessarily guarantee experiences of well-being...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#6
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228849/considerations-and-complications-of-mapping-small-rna-high-throughput-data-to-transposable-elements
#7
Alexandros Bousios, Brandon S Gaut, Nikos Darzentas
BACKGROUND: High-throughput sequencing (HTS) has revolutionized the way in which epigenetic research is conducted. When coupled with fully-sequenced genomes, millions of small RNA (sRNA) reads are mapped to regions of interest and the results scrutinized for clues about epigenetic mechanisms. However, this approach requires careful consideration in regards to experimental design, especially when one investigates repetitive parts of genomes such as transposable elements (TEs), or when such genomes are large, as is often the case in plants...
2017: Mobile DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228653/drug-prescription-appropriateness-in-the-elderly-an-italian-study
#8
Nicola Allegri, Federica Rossi, Federica Del Signore, Paolo Bertazzoni, Roberto Bellazzi, Giorgio Sandrini, Tomaso Vecchi, Davide Liccione, Alessia Pascale, Stefano Govoni
PURPOSE: Correct drug prescription in the elderly is a difficult task that requires careful survey of the current pharmacological therapies. In this article, we reviewed the drug prescriptions provided to 860 persons aged 65 years or over, residing in a small city of Lombardy, Italy. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from a local nursing home, the Pavia and Vigevano Neuropsychological Center for Alzheimer's Disease, general practitioners' offices, and the local University of the Third Age...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228134/the-impact-of-community-health-worker-led-home-delivery-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-virological-suppression-a-non-inferiority-cluster-randomized-health-systems-trial-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#9
Pascal Geldsetzer, Joel M Francis, Nzovu Ulenga, David Sando, Irene A Lema, Eric Mboggo, Maria Vaikath, Happiness Koda, Sharon Lwezaula, Janice Hu, Ramadhani A Noor, Ibironke Olofin, Elysia Larson, Wafaie Fawzi, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: Home delivery of antiretroviral therapy (ART) by community health workers (CHWs) may improve ART retention by reducing the time burden and out-of-pocket expenditures to regularly attend an ART clinic. In addition, ART home delivery may shorten waiting times and improve quality of care for those in facility-based care by decongesting ART clinics. This trial aims to determine whether ART home delivery for patients who are clinically stable on ART combined with facility-based care for those who are not stable on ART is non-inferior to the standard of care (facility-based care for all ART patients) in achieving and maintaining virological suppression...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228128/leveraging-the-private-sector-for-child-health-a-qualitative-examination-of-caregiver-and-provider-perspectives-on-private-sector-care-for-childhood-pneumonia-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#10
Aurélie Brunie, Rachel Lenzi, Anamika Lahiri, Rasa Izadnegahdar
BACKGROUND: The private health sector is a primary source of curative care for childhood illnesses in many low- and middle-income countries. Therefore ensuring appropriate private sector care is an important step towards improving outcomes from illnesses like pneumonia, which is the leading infectious cause of childhood mortality worldwide. This study aimed to provide evidence on private sector care for childhood pneumonia in Uttar Pradesh, India, by simultaneously exploring providers' knowledge and practices and caregivers' experiences...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227484/design-of-peripheral-edema-measurement-device-for-home-use
#11
Stephanie M George, Brandon D Langley, Elizabeth M B Weaver, Sonya R Hardin, Jianchu Yao, Stephanie M George, Brandon D Langley, Elizabeth M B Weaver, Sonya R Hardin, Jianchu Yao, Brandon D Langley, Elizabeth M B Weaver, Jianchu Yao, Sonya R Hardin, Stephanie M George
Due to improvements in cardiovascular care, more patients are living longer but ultimately developing heart failure. It is important for patients with chronic conditions, like heart failure, to self-manage and monitor their symptoms. One symptoms that can be indicative of worsening heart failure is peripheral edema. Therefore, we present a concept for a HeartSMART system capable of edema measurement in the home with remote connection to and feedback from providers. The goal of the system is to provide a tool for heart failure patients to manage their disease...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227072/short-term-assessment-of-autonomic-nervous-system-as-a-potential-tool-to-quantify-pain-experience
#12
Arto J Hautala, Jaro Karppinen, Tapio Seppanen, Arto J Hautala, Jaro Karppinen, Tapio Seppanen, Jaro Karppinen, Arto J Hautala, Tapio Seppanen
Various pain conditions may result in altered autonomic nervous system regulation. We evaluated whether autonomic regulation, analyzed with short-term heart rate variability (HRV), differs between low back pain (LBP) patients and healthy controls. Additionally, we tested if short-term HRV recordings are feasible and informative in planning home monitoring of LBP patients. The study population consisted of 16 volunteers (8 LBP patients and 8 healthy subjects) (age 42±10 years, body mass index 26±4 kg/m(2), 7 men and 9 women)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226971/personalized-sleep-staging-system-using-evolutionary-algorithm-and-symbolic-fusion
#13
Chen Chen, Adrien Ugon, Xun Zhang, Amara Amara, Patrick Garda, Jean-Gabriel Ganascia, Carole Philippe, Andrea Pinna, Chen Chen, Adrien Ugon, Xun Zhang, Amara Amara, Patrick Garda, Jean-Gabriel Ganascia, Carole Philippe, Andrea Pinna, Adrien Ugon, Carole Philippe, Patrick Garda, Amara Amara, Chen Chen, Andrea Pinna, Jean-Gabriel Ganascia, Xun Zhang
This paper presents a novel system for automatic sleep staging based on evolutionary technique and symbolic intelligence. Proposed system mimics decision making process of clinical sleep staging using Symbolic Fusion and considers personal singularity with an adaptive thresholds setting up system using Evolutionary Algorithm. It proved to be an effective and promising system in personalizing sleep staging. This system can also be integrated with other medical systems to realize remote sleep monitoring or home-care...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226406/what-do-we-know-about-older-former-carers-key-issues-and-themes
#14
Mary Larkin, Alisoun Milne
Despite a significant growth in the number older former family carers, they remain largely invisible in carer-related research and literature. To begin to address this deficit, a four-stage literature review was conducted to identify existing knowledge about older former carers. Narrative synthesis of the findings yielded five themes - the concept of 'older former carer', the legacies of caring, influences on the legacies of caring, conceptualising post-caring and support services for older former carers. Critical analysis of these findings suggests that existing evidence has a number of strengths...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226395/healthcare-professionals-accounts-of-challenges-in-managing-motor-neurone-disease-in-primary-healthcare-a-qualitative-study
#15
Sverre Vigeland Lerum, Kari Nyheim Solbraekke, Jan C Frich
Motor neurone disease (MND) is a progressive neurological disease causing muscle wasting, gradual paralysis and respiratory failure, with a life expectancy of 2-4 years. In order to better understand how MND is managed in the community, we conducted a qualitative study to explore the challenges healthcare professionals encounter when managing MND in primary healthcare. Based on data from 15 semi-structured interviews with primary healthcare professionals in Norway, we found that MND is viewed as a condition that requires exceptional effort and detailed planning...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226061/nursing-practice-in-home-care-an-integrative-literature-review
#16
Angélica Mônica Andrade, Kênia Lara Silva, Clarissa Terenzi Seixas, Patrícia Pinto Braga
Objective: analyze scientific production on nursing practice in home care. Method: integrative review employing databases LILACS, BDENF, IBECS, and MEDLINE. Studies in Spanish, English, and Portuguese were included, regardless of publishing date. Results: after analyzing 48 articles, it was found that nursing practice in home care is complex, employing a multitude of actions by using three technologies: soft; soft-hard especially; and hard...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226056/discourses-on-discharge-care-for-children-with-special-healthcare-needs
#17
Fernanda Garcia Bezerra Góes, Ivone Evangelista Cabral
Objectives: analyze the discourse of healthcare professionals and families on the continuous and complex care for children with special healthcare needs; understand hospital discharge as a process centered on children demands and family learning. Method: qualitative research conducted between 2013 and 2015 through semi-structured interviews, document analysis and the sensitive creative method; the participants were ten children with special healthcare needs, six professionals and eleven family members from a public pediatric teaching hospital in Rio de Janeiro...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225185/preventive-effects-of-topical-washing-with-miconazole-nitrate-containing-soap-to-diaper-candidiasis-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients-a-prospective-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#18
Hidenori Takahashi, Noritaka Oyama, Izumi Tanaka, Michiko Hasegawa, Kaori Hirano, Chieko Shimada, Minoru Hasegawa
The objective of the present randomized, double-blind trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of daily washing with miconazole nitrate-containing soap for candidiasis at diaper-covered sites in elderly subjects under long-term inpatient care. To confirm the onset and disappearance of candidiasis, we microscopically evaluated the existence of the pseudohyphae and/or blastoconidia of Candida spp. We enrolled 75 elderly patients who wore diapers all day in the hospital or nursing home. Patients were randomly assigned to receive treatment with either miconazole soap or miconazole-free placebo soap, and 28 patients in the miconazole group and 27 patients in the placebo group were followed for 4 weeks...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225175/would-mobile-health-be-a-solution-to-rehospitalization
#19
Hong Tao, Susan McRoy, Lin Wang
It has been well-established that social environmental factors can increase the risk of rehospitalization for people receiving home healthcare services. For caregivers who might be challenged to keep up with sometimes unfamiliar health monitoring tasks or to know when to seek help, mobile health technology offers the potential to enhance the skills of informal caregivers and to improve the communication between home and clinical care. This paper described our recent work to determine the usability, functionality, and style of interaction that would be needed to provide an effective and well-accepted tool...
February 22, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224946/exercise-adherence-in-the-elderly-experience-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-simple-treatment-and-prevention
#20
Mary McElrath, Jonathan Myers, Khin Chan, Holly Fonda
Poor adherence to health-related behaviors can have serious health consequences. Cardiac rehabilitation has been documented to have physiological and psychosocial benefits; however, optimizing adherence to exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease is a particular challenge. We recently completed a large, 6-year randomized trial of exercise training in elderly patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease (50-85 years), which provided an opportunity to describe adherence strategies in this unique group of elderly individuals...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
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