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Jared W Skinner, Dana M Otzel, Andrew Bowser, Daniel Nargi, Sanjay Agarwal, Mark D Peterson, Baiming Zou, Stephen E Borst, Joshua F Yarrow
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent fat-free mass (FFM) and muscle strength responses have been reported in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) administering testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) to middle-aged and older men. Our objective was to conduct a meta-analysis to determine whether TRT improves FFM and muscle strength in middle-aged and older men and whether the muscular responses vary by TRT administration route. METHODS: Systematic literature searches of MEDLINE/PubMed and the Cochrane Library were conducted from inception through 31 March 2017 to identify double-blind RCTs that compared intramuscular or transdermal TRT vs...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Lindsay L Juriga, David J Murray, John R Boulet, James J Fehr
BACKGROUND: Simulation is frequently used to recreate many of the crises encountered in patient care settings. Teams learn to manage these crises in an environment that maximizes their learning experiences and eliminates the potential for patient harm. By designing simulation scenarios that include conditions associated with diagnostic errors, teams can experience how their decisions can lead to errors. The purpose of this study was to assess how trauma teams (TrT) and pediatric rapid response teams (RRT) managed scenarios that included a diagnostic error...
November 27, 2017: Diagnosis
K J Meloche, B I Fancher, D A Emmerson, S F Bilgili, W A Dozier
An experiment was conducted to determine if myopathies of the Pectoralis major muscles are influenced by differences in growth trajectory achieved through a controlled feeding program. Male Yield Plus × Ross 708 broiler chicks were placed into 28 pens (25 birds/pen) equipped with plastic slats to prevent coprophagy. All birds received identical starter (1 to 10 d), grower (11 to 32 d), finisher (33 to 42 d), and withdrawal (43 to 50 d) diets that were formulated to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations of the primary breeder...
March 1, 2018: Poultry Science
K J Meloche, B I Fancher, D A Emmerson, S F Bilgili, W A Dozier
Two experiments (Exp) were conducted to determine if reductions in the incidence and severity of wooden breast (WB) and white striping (WS) may be obtained by reducing dietary nutrient density. In each Exp, Yield Plus × Ross 708 male broiler chicks were placed into 63 pens (22 birds/pen). All birds received an identical prestarter diet until 7 d of age, after which time each pen was randomly assigned to 1 of the following 7 dietary treatments (TRT) for the starter (8 to 14 d), grower (15 to 24 d), finisher 1 (Exp 1: 26 to 35 d; Exp 2: 26 to 42 d), and withdrawal (Exp 2: 43 to 48 d) phases: 1) 100% of primary breeder recommendations for digestible amino acid and metabolizable energy density throughout Exp; 2) 95% of TRT 1 until 14 d of age, then as TRT 1; 3) 95% of TRT 1 until 24 d of age, then as TRT 1; 4) 95% of TRT 1 throughout Exp; 5) 90% of TRT 1 until 14 d of age, then as TRT 1; 6) 90% of TRT 1 until 24 d of age, then as TRT 1; 7) 90% of TRT 1 throughout Exp...
February 28, 2018: Poultry Science
Steven G Chrysant, George S Chrysant
Many studies have shown that low testosterone (T) levels have been associated with increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and strokes. In contrast, many other studies have demonstrated that normal T levels or the normalization of low T levels with testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is associated with decreased incidence of CV events, T2DM, and strokes, besides improving sexual function and the quality of life. However, recent studies have indicated that TRT could lead to increased incidence of CV events and strokes...
February 26, 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Adriana A Zekveld, Marieke Pronk, Henrik Danielsson, Jerker Rönnberg
Purpose: The visual Text Reception Threshold (TRT) test (Zekveld et al., 2007) has been designed to assess modality-general factors relevant for speech perception in noise. In the last decade, the test has been adopted in audiology labs worldwide. The 1st aim of this study was to examine which factors best predict interindividual differences in the TRT. Second, we aimed to assess the relationships between the TRT and the speech reception thresholds (SRTs) estimated in various conditions...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Andrea Garolla, Riccardo Selice, Massimo Menegazzo, Umberto Valente, Filiberto Zattoni, Massimo Iafrate, Tommaso Prayer-Galetti, Marina Gardiman Paola, Alberto Ferlin, Andrea Di Nisio, Carlo Foresta
STUDY QUESTION: To investigate whether sperm recovery is related to clinical features, hormone parameters and testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in patients with Klinefelter syndrome (KS). SUMMARY ANSWER: This study provides three interesting insights: i) the probability to retrieve sperm is not related to testicular volume; ii) TRT does not affect sperm retrieval rate (SRR); iii) reduced levels of LH and FSH represent a negative predictor of sperm retrieval in patients with TRT...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
Catherine Fagundez, Diver Sellanes, Gloria Lourdes Serra
The results from the synthesis of peptides by Fmoc/SPPS on a 2-CTC resin and then lactamization in solution or solid phase for the preparation of cyclopeptides are presented. Both procedures allow the synthesis of the desired compounds in good to very good yield and with high cyclization efficiency for on-resin macrocyclization. In addition, the activities of the corresponding cyclopeptides against the chloroquine-resistant K1 strain of Plasmodium falciparum were evaluated. Cyclo-Cys(Trt)-Gly-Thr(tBu)-Gly-Cys(Trt)-Gly showed potent in vitro and selective activity against this parasite, EC50 = 28 nM...
February 15, 2018: ACS Combinatorial Science
Claus H Gravholt, Simon Chang, Mikkel Wallentin, Jens Fedder, Philip Moore, Anne Skakkebæk
Although first identified over 70 years ago, Klinefelter syndrome (KS) continue to pose significant diagnostic challenges, as many patients are still misdiagnosed, or remain undiagnosed. In fact, as few as 25% of KS patients are accurately diagnosed, and most of these diagnoses are not made until adulthood. Classic characteristics of KS include small testes, infertility, hypergonadothropic hypogonadism, and cognitive impairment. However, the pathophysiology behind KS is not well understood, although genetic effects are also thought to play a role...
February 9, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
Kenichiro Kasai
Background and aims: The selective removal of tattoos and benign cutaneous pigmented lesions with laser energy evolved rapidly with the development of the nanosecond-domain Q-switched laser (ns-laser). Recently, however, a series of picosecond-domain lasers (ps-lasers) with pulsewidths less than 1 ns has become commercially available, enabling more efficient and faster removal of pigmented lesions in the field of dermatologic laser surgery. Rationale behind the ps-laser: The efficacy of the ns-laser depended on the theory of selective photothermolysis, whereby an extremely short pulse width was delivered less than the thermal relaxation time (TRT) of a target...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
P J Gorden, M Burchard, J A Ydstie, M D Kleinhenz, L W Wulf, S J Rajewski, C Wang, R Gehring, J P Mochel, J F Coetzee
The objective of this study reported here was determine whether differences occurred in meloxicam pharmacokinetics between postpartum cows and mid-lactation cows. Preliminary data from a separate study (P. J. Gorden, unpublished data) in postpartum cows demonstrated elevated plasma and milk concentration profiles compared to previously published data (Malreddy, Coetzee, KuKanich, & Gehring, ). Two different groups were enrolled, each with 10 cows. The treatment group (TRT) was postpartum cows treated with meloxicam, and the positive control (PC) group was cows in mid-lactation treated with meloxicam...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
K S L Mileski, M Bottaro, L G Grossi-Porto, A Lofrano-Porto
Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism is a rare disorder characterised by impaired testosterone secretion since birth, and represents a valuable model for studying the effects of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in humans. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate all health-related physical fitness (HRPF) components and quality of life in a series of eight men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism under regular TRT. The study group was compared to a control group of 16 healthy subjects paired for age, body mass index and physical activity...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
Ravjibhai K Chaudhari, Ajit Singh Mahla, Amit Kumar Singh, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Abhijit M Pawde, G V P P S Ravi Kumar, GyanendraSingh, Mihir Sarkar, Harendra Kumar, Krishnaswamy Narayanan
Recently, we showed that dietary supplementation of n-3 PUFA rich fish oil (FO) decreased the metabolites of serum prostaglandin (PG) F 2α and E 2 during the window of pregnancy recognition in the doe. In this study, we investigated its effect on the changes on endometrial PG production in vitro. Cycling does (n = 12) of Rohilkhand region were divided into two equal groups and fed a concentrate diet supplemented with either FO containing 26% n-3 PUFA (TRT; n = 6) or palm oil (CON; n = 6) @ 0.6 mL/kg body weight for 57 days...
February 8, 2018: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
P P Gokuldas, Sanjay K Singh, Madan K Tamuli, Soumen Naskar, Yoya Vashi, Rajendran Thomas, Keshab Barman, Seema R Pegu, Sharma G Chethan, Sudhir K Agarwal
The present investigation was designed to study the effect of dietary supplementation of omega-3 (n-3) PUFA on endometrial expression of fertility-related genes in breeding sows. Sixteen crossbred sows were randomized to receive diets containing 4% (wt/wt) flaxseed oil as n-3 PUFA source (TRT group) or iso-nitrogenous, iso-caloric standard control diet (CON group), starting from the first day of estrus up to 40 days and were artificially bred on the second estrus. Endometrial samples were collected during days 10-11 and 15-16 post-mating for studying relative expression profile of candidate genes viz...
January 29, 2018: Theriogenology
M Schulze, C Kuster, J Schäfer, M Jung, R Grossfeld
The processing of ejaculates is a fundamental step for the fertilizing capacity of boar spermatozoa. The aim of the present study was to identify factors that affect quality of boar semen doses. The production process during 1 day of semen processing in 26 European boar studs was monitored. In each boar stud, nine to 19 randomly selected ejaculates from 372 Pietrain boars were analyzed for sperm motility, acrosome and plasma membrane integrity, mitochondrial activity and thermo-resistance (TRT). Each ejaculate was monitored for production time and temperature for each step in semen processing using the special programmed software SEQU (version 1...
January 31, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Ricardo Berton, Manoel E Lixandrão, Claudio M Pinto E Silva, Valmor Tricoli
Jump performance is considered an important factor in many sports. Thus, strategies such as weightlifting (WL) exercises, traditional resistance training (TRT) and plyometric training (PT) are effective at improving jump performance. However, it is not entirely clear which of these strategies can enable greater improvements on jump height. Thus, the purpose of the meta-analysis was to compare the improvements on countermovement jump (CMJ) performance between training methods which focus on WL exercises, TRT, and PT...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Alexander P Cole, Julian Hanske, Wei Jiang, Nicollette K Kwon, Stuart R Lipsitz, Martin N Kathrins, Peter A Learn, Maxine Sun, Adil H Haider, Shehzad S Basaria, Quoc-Dien Trinh
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of TRT with thromboembolism, cardiovascular disease (stroke, coronary artery disease, and heart failure) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: A cohort of 3,422 male United States military service members, retirees and their dependents, aged 40-64 was identified, who were prescribed TRT between 2006-2010 for low testosterone. Men in this cohort were matched on a 1:1 basis by age and comorbidities to men without a prescription for TRT...
January 30, 2018: BJU International
George A Kanakis, Eberhard Nieschlag
Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most frequent chromosome disorder in males (1:650 newborn males), defined by 47,XXY karyotype. The classical phenotype is that of a tall male with relatively long legs, small, firm testes and gynecomastia. Azoospermia and infertility are almost inevitably present, but may be overcome by TESE and ICSI. Nevertheless, a broad spectrum of phenotypes has been described and more than 70% of the actually existing KS men may remain undiagnosed throughout their lifespan. Accordingly, hypogonadism is usually not evident until early adulthood and progresses with ageing...
January 31, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Christine D Valan, Jens E Slagsvold, Tarje Onsøien Halvorsen, Martin Herje, Roy M Bremnes, Paal F Brunsvig, Odd T Brustugun, Øystein Fløtten, Nina Levin, Stein H Sundstrøm, Bjørn H Grønberg
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are several definitions of limited disease (LD) in small cell lung cancer (SCLC), differing with respect to N3 disease accepted. We analyzed patients from a randomized trial comparing two schedules of thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) in LD SCLC to investigate whether there were survival differences between N3 subcategories (n=144). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a baseline CT scan available were analysed. Patients received four courses of cisplatin/etoposide and TRT of 45 Gy/30 fractions (twice daily) or 42 Gy/15 fractions (once daily)...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
Zequan Xu, Yanjun Hua, Wei Qiu, Guoqiang Li, Qiang Wu
BACKGROUND: To assess the precision and agreement of measurements of higher order aberrations (HOAs) obtained with a ray tracing aberrometer (iTrace) and a Hartmann-Shack aberrometer (Topcon KR-1 W). METHODS: Prospective evaluation of the diagnostic test. Data from the right eyes of 92 normal subjects obtained using the two devices were included in this study. Two observers performed 3 consecutive scans to determine the intraobserver repeatability and interobserver reproducibility...
January 27, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
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