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shoulder radiography

Timothy G Baumer, Derek Chan, Veronica Mende, Jack Dischler, Roger Zauel, Marnix van Holsbeeck, Daniel S Siegal, George Divine, Vasilios Moutzouros, Michael J Bey
BACKGROUND: Physical therapy (PT) is often prescribed for patients with rotator cuff tears. The extent to which PT influences strength, range of motion (ROM), and patient-reported outcomes has been studied extensively, but the effect of PT on in vivo joint kinematics is not well understood. PURPOSE: To assess the influence of symptomatic rotator cuff pathology and the effects of PT on shoulder motion, strength, and patient-reported outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Laila Mahir, Siham Zahi, Soumia Meftah, Herman Azanmasso, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: the sternoclavicular joint is very stable due to a strong ligamentous system, disjunctions are rare. Their diagnosis is difficult. Plain radiography does not allow a proper analysis and use of CT scans is necessary. They can be life-threatening in their posterior variety due to the proximity of the noble elements of the mediastinum. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the evolution of the sternoclavicular disjunction after functional rehabilitation through 6 observations...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Sophie Legrève
OBJECTIVE: Multifocal osteonecrosis is rare. A zone of epiphyseal bone-marrow necrosis of three or more joints characterizes it. The most common risk factors are glucocorticoids intake and alcoholism. However, there is a series of other causes that could be incriminated in osteonecrosis, among which antiphospholipid syndrome. This case report, illustrates a primary antiphospholipid syndrome with only one clinical manifestation: multifocal osteonecrosis. OBSERVATIONS: A 30-year-old woman, with a medical history of left total hip replacement (THR), presents with severe right coxalgia and pain in both knees and shoulders...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Sherman O Canapp, Debra A Canapp, Victor Ibrahim, Brittany Jean Carr, Catherine Cox, Jennifer G Barrett
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical findings and outcomes for 55 dogs with supraspinatus tendinopathy (ST) treated with adipose-derived progenitor cells and platelet-rich plasma (ADPC-PRP) therapy. METHODS: Medical records of client-owned dogs diagnosed with ST that were treated with ADPC-PRP combination therapy were reviewed from 2006 to 2013. Data collected included signalment, medical history, limb involvement, prior treatments, physical and orthopedic examination, objective temporospatial gait analysis findings, diagnostic imaging results (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, musculoskeletal ultrasonography), arthroscopy findings, and outcome...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Katja Nelson, Rainer Schmelzeisen, Thomas D Taylor, Simon Zabler, Wolfram Wiest, Tobias Fretwurst
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to visualize the mode and impact of force transmission in narrowdiameter implants with different implant-abutment designs and material properties and to quantify the displacement of the abutment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrow-diameter implants from two manufacturers were examined: Astra 3.0-mm-diameter implants (Astra OsseoSpeed TX; n = 2) and Straumann Bone Level implants with a 3.3-mm diameter made of commercially pure titanium (cpTi) Gr...
September 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Michele N Edison, Anthony Caram, Miguel Flores, Kurt Scherer
Most commonly associated with chronic inflammatory conditions, rice bodies represent an uncommon, nonspecific, often intra-articular inflammatory process. Presumably, rice bodies represent the sequelae of microvascular infarcts of the joint synovium. However, rice bodies have been seen in pleural fluid, in the setting of bursitis, and within the tendon sheath. The etiology and prognostic significance of rice bodies are not clear. MRI is the diagnostic imaging modality of choice for the evaluation of rice body formation...
2016: Curēus
Kunlun Yu, Xinzhong Shao, Dehu Tian, Jiangbo Bai, Bing Zhang, Yingze Zhang
The aim of the present study was to treat intraosseous ganglia of the carpal bones with injectable bone cement grafting. Between January 2012 and December 2013, 4 patients (3 men and 1 woman) presenting with wrist pain and activity limitation were diagnosed with intraosseous ganglion of the carpal bones by radiography. The patients were treated with minimal invasive curettage and bone cement injection surgery. All patients were followed up for a mean time of 17 months (range, 12-22 months). The wrist pain was significantly reduced in all patients following surgery...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Nawfal Al-Hadithy, Nicholas Furness, Ronak Patel, Sam Jonas, Attila Jobbagy, Ian Lowdon, David Woods
BACKGROUND: Cementless surface replacement hemiarthroplasty (CSRHA) is an established treatment for glenohumeral osteoarthritis; however, studies evaluating its role in arthritis with rotator cuff deficiency are limited. This study reviews the outcomes of CSRHA for glenohumeral osteoarthritis with and without rotator cuff tears. METHODS: 41 CSRHA (Mark III Copeland prosthesis) were performed for glenohumeral osteoarthritis with intact rotator cuffs (n = 21) and cuff-deficient shoulders (n = 20)...
October 2015: Shoulder & Elbow
Bong Gun Lee, Joon Kuk Kim, Sung Hyouk Choi, Hee Chang Ahn, Min Sung Chung
BACKGROUND: To compare shoulder morbidity between patients who received transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flaps after mastectomy (MX + TRAM) and patients who underwent mastectomy only (MX). METHODS: Thirty patients in each group were followed for a minimum of 2 postoperative years. Visual analog scale (VAS) score, restricted range of motion (ROM), rotator cuff disease, muscle strength, shoulder function scores (American Shoulder and Elbow Score and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index), measurement of scapular tilt on chest radiography and standing position in each group were compared...
August 31, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
José Luis Calvo Guirado, Miguel Troiano, P J López-López, María Piedad Ramírez-Fernandez, José Eduardo Maté Sánchez de Val, Jose Manuel Granero Marin, Sergio Alexandre Gehrke
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the residual root and peri implant bone dimensions on the clinical success of the socket shield technique. Thirty-six dental implants were installed in 6 dogs. The clinical crowns of teeth P3, P4 and M1 were beheaded. Afterwards, the roots were worn down 2-3mm in apical direction until they were located at crestal level. Posterior implant beds were prepared in the center of the roots passing by 3mm apically forming 6 groups in accordance to the remaining root thickness...
August 24, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Sang Ki Lee, Kap Jung Kim, Yong Han Cha, Won Sik Choy
Treatments for acute distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability with distal radius fracture vary from conservative to operative treatment, although it seems to be no consensus regarding which treatment is optimal. This prospective randomized study was designed to compare the clinical outcomes for operative and conservative treatment of acute DRUJ instability with distal radius fracture, according to the presence or absence and type of ulnar styloid process fracture and the degree of its displacement. Between July 2008 and February 2013, we enrolled 157 patients who exhibited an unstable DRUJ during intraoperative manual stress testing (via the ballottement test) after fixation of the distal radius...
September 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Marcio Aurélio Aita, Rafael Saleme Alves, Luis Felipe Longuino, Carlos Henrique Vieira Ferreira, Douglas Hideki Ikeuti, Luciano Muller Reis Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical and functional results, including measurement of quality of life, of patients undergoing trapeziometacarpal arthroplasty. METHOD: This was a prospective evaluation on 45 patients (53 thumbs) with a diagnosis of idiopathic rhizarthrosis who underwent resection arthroplasty and interposition of an uncemented Ascension(®) implant, made of pyrocarbon. The clinical and functional results were analyzed through radiography, range of motion (ROM) in degrees (°), visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and the disability of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire for quality of life...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Wei-Ren Su, Wen-Ling Chen, Ruei-Heng Chen, Chih-Kai Hong, I-Ming Jou, Cheng-Li Lin
BACKGROUND: The presence of short malunion of clavicle fractures could result in alterations in static scapular position and dynamic scapular motion. Nevertheless, no report has ever addressed the kinematic changes of the scapula in patients with short malunion of clavicular fractures. The goal of this study was to compare the changes of shoulder function, and the consequent scapular kinematic changes between the fractured side and the sound side of the shoulder in non-surgically treated patients...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Ying-Chao Chou, Yung-Heng Hsu, Yi-Hsun Yu, Chi-Chuan Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if the triceps-reflecting anconeus pedicle (TRAP) approach combined with the precontoured locking plate can provide acceptable clinical outcomes in the treatment of comminuted distal humerus fracture. METHODS: Between August 2008 and June 2014, 48 patients with Orthopaedic Trauma Association type C (21 with C2, 27 with C3) distal humerus fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation with orthogonal precontoured locking plate fixation using the TRAP approach...
October 2016: Injury
Xiaoyang Jia, Yanxi Chen, Minfei Qiang, Kun Zhang, Haobo Li, Yuchen Jiang, Yijie Zhang
BACKGROUND: Accurate comprehension of the normal humeral morphology is crucial for anatomical reconstruction in shoulder arthroplasty. However, traditional morphological measurements for humerus were mainly based on cadaver and radiography. The purpose of this study was to provide a series of precise and repeatable parameters of the normal proximal humerus for arthroplasty, based on the three-dimensional (3-D) measurements. METHODS: Radiographic and 3-D computed tomography (CT) measurements of the proximal humerus were performed in a sample of 120 consecutive adults...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
James Monica, Zachary Vredenburgh, Jeremy Korsh, Charles Gatt
Acute shoulder injuries in adults are often initially managed by family physicians. Common acute shoulder injuries include acromioclavicular joint injuries, clavicle fractures, glenohumeral dislocations, proximal humerus fractures, and rotator cuff tears. Acromioclavicular joint injuries and clavicle fractures mostly occur in young adults as the result of a sports injury or direct trauma. Most nondisplaced or minimally displaced injuries can be treated conservatively. Treatment includes pain management, short-term use of a sling for comfort, and physical therapy as needed...
July 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Dennis Lawler, Julia Becker, Jennifer Reetz, Pat Goodmann, Richard Evans, David Rubin, Basil Tangredi, Christopher Widga, Jill Sackman, Terrence Martin, Luci Kohn, Gail Smith
We examined scapula glenoids (n = 14) and proximal articular humeri (n = 14) of seven gray wolves that were maintained in a sanctuary park setting. Immediately after death, observations were made visually in situ and by radiography. Further observations were made in a museum laboratory setting, prior to and following clearing of soft tissues. Selected dry bone specimens were evaluated using computed tomography. Significant cartilage erosion and osteoarthropathy were identified in all shoulder joints...
October 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Z-Q Wen, J Pan, Z Chen, J-Y Du, P-C Gu, X-J Lin
Background: Many causes can lead to shoulder pain, and subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is the most frequently recorded disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of diminutive incision acromioplasty assisted with arthroscopy for the treatment of Chinese patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. Subjects and Methods: Twenty-four painful shoulders in 22 patients with subacromial impingement syndrome were included in the study...
December 16, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Shadi Lahham, Brent Becker, Alan Chiem, Linda M Joseph, Craig L Anderson, Sean P Wilson, Mohammad Subeh, Alex Trinh, Eric Viquez, John C Fox
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to investigate the efficacy of diagnosing shoulder dislocation using a single-view, posterior approach point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) performed by undergraduate research students, and to establish the range of measured distance that discriminates dislocated shoulder from normal. METHODS: We enrolled a prospective, convenience sample of adult patients presenting to the emergency department with acute shoulder pain following injury...
May 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jin-Young Park, Youngbok Kim, Kyung-Soo Oh, Hwa-Kyung Lim, Joo-Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of stress radiography using the Telos GA-IIE as a clinical methodology to evaluate shoulder instability. METHODS: On 36 anterior shoulder dislocators and 23 uninjured volunteers, 4 types of stress radiographs were captured while applying 15 daN of force anteriorly (AER0 and AER60) and posteriorly (PER0 and PER60) at 2 different positions: (1) 90° of abduction combined with 0° external rotation and (2) 90° of abduction combined with 60° external rotation...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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