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shoulder radiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189406/cleidocranial-dysplasia-a-review-of-clinical-radiological-genetic-implications-and-a-guidelines-proposal
#1
Emilie Farrow, Romain Nicot, Axel Wiss, Amélie Laborde, Joël Ferri
In this review, we aimed to depict the clinical, radiological, and genetic features of cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) and to suggest management guidelines, based on our experience of 8 cases, with an emphasis given to dental complications.The most common craniofacial features of CCD that stand out are a patency of the anterior fontanelle, an inverted pear-shaped calvaria, a hypertelorism, a general midface retrusion, and a mandible prognathism, associated with an excessive mobility of the shoulders, a short stature, and teeth abnormalities such as supernumerary teeth and failure of eruption, in particular...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965942/comparison-of-ultrasonography-and-radiography-of-the-wrist-for-diagnosis-of-calcium-pyrophosphate-deposition
#2
Marine Forien, Alice Combier, Anaïs Gardette, Elisabeth Palazzo, Philippe Dieudé, Sébastien Ottaviani
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound (US) seems a useful tool for diagnosis of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) deposition (CPPD). We aimed to compare the performance of US and conventional radiography of the wrist for diagnosis of CPPD. METHODS: Patients with CPP crystals identified in synovial fluid (SF) (knee, hip, shoulder, ankle or wrist) were consecutively included and compared to patients without CPP crystals in synovial fluid considered as controls. As recommended, we used the term chondrocalcinosis (CC) to assess imaging features suggesting CPPD...
September 28, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943071/classification-of-humeral-head-pathomorphology-in-primary-osteoarthritis-a-radiographic-and-in-vivo-photographic-analysis
#3
Peter Habermeyer, Petra Magosch, Christel Weiß, Nael Hawi, Sven Lichtenberg, Mark Tauber, Bastian Ipach
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the pathologic changes of the osteoarthritic humeral head. METHODS: The study included 55 patients with primary osteoarthritis who underwent anatomic shoulder arthroplasty. Several radiologic parameters (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging) were assessed. Humeral head deformity in the transverse plane and humeral cartilage erosion in the coronal plane were chosen for photographic measurements from the resected humeral heads...
December 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932699/imaging-of-shoulder-instability
#4
REVIEW
Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Alberto Martínez Martínez, Pablo Tomás Muñoz, José Pozo Sánchez, Antonio Zarza Pérez
This extended review tries to cover the imaging findings of the wide range of shoulder injuries secondary to shoulder joint instability. Usefulness of the different imaging methods is stressed, including radiography, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance. The main topics to be covered include traumatic, atraumatic and minor instability syndromes. Radiography may show bone abnormalities associated to instability, including developmental and post-traumatic changes. CT is the best technique depicting and quantifying skeletal changes...
August 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874947/diagnostic-accuracy-of-ultrasound-for-identifying-shoulder-dislocations-and-reductions-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Michael Gottlieb, Frances Russell
INTRODUCTION: Patients with shoulder dislocations commonly present to the emergency department. Ultrasound has the potential to save time, radiation exposure, healthcare costs, and possible need for re-sedation. We conducted this systematic review to compare the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound compared with plain radiography in the assessment of shoulder dislocations. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant trials...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819463/role-and-correlation-of-high-resolution-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-evaluation-of-patients-with-shoulder-pain
#6
Amandeep Singh, Chuni Lal Thukral, Kamlesh Gupta, Mahesh Inder Singh, Sneh Lata, Ram Krishan Arora
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate of the role of high-resolution ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in patients with shoulder pain. MATERIAL/METHODS: This prospective study included 50 patients referred for ultrasound and MRI because of shoulder pain. All patients were examined clinically, followed by radiography of the affected shoulder. High-resolution ultrasound examination of the involved shoulder was performed together with an examination of the contralateral normal shoulder, followed by MRI of the symptomatic shoulder in all 50 patients...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808982/radial-head-prosthesis-results-overview
#7
E Carità, A Donadelli, L Cugola, P Perazzini
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Radial head replacement is frequently used in treatment of radial head fractures or sequela. Impossibility to restore a correct anatomy, acute elbow traumatic instability and failure of osteosynthesis hardware are the most common indications. The authors describe their case studies and results on the implantation of various radial head prostheses. MATERIALS: Between June 2005 and June 2016, 28 radial head prostheses were implanted in the same number of patients with an average follow-up of 49 months (6-104)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759525/ultrasound-and-pet-ct-correlation-in-shoulder-pathology-a-5-year-retrospective-analysis
#8
Christopher J Burke, William R Walter, Ronald S Adler, James S Babb, Joseph Sanger, Fabio Ponzo
PURPOSE: To correlate shoulder ultrasound and radiography with F-FDG PET-CT to establish FDG uptake and therefore range of metabolic activity, as defined by SUV analysis, in various symptomatic shoulder pathologies. METHODS: Retrospective database query was performed for shoulder ultrasound and PET-CT scans between January 2012 and January 2017. Patients who had both studies within 1 year were included. Age- and sex-matched control patients with PET-CT scans only were also included...
October 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735840/critical-shoulder-angle-is-associated-with-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-in-patients-with-glenohumeral-osteoarthritis
#9
Matthew T Mantell, Ryan Nelson, Jeremiah T Lowe, Donald P Endrizzi, Andrew Jawa
BACKGROUND: Higher critical shoulder angle (CSA) is correlated with rotator cuff tears (RCTs), whereas lower CSA is associated with glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA). Our goal was to investigate whether patients with concurrent glenohumeral OA and full-thickness RCTs demonstrate a higher CSA than patients with OA alone. METHODS: Using a 2-surgeon shoulder arthroplasty registry, we identified 31 patients with glenohumeral OA and full-thickness RCTs confirmed by plain radiography and magnetic resonance imaging, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684231/mid-term-to-long-term-outcome-of-the-open-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-dislocation-of-the-shoulder
#10
Robert J Neviaser, Michael T Benke, Andrew S Neviaser
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term outcome of the open Bankart repair for traumatic, recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder by evaluation of recurrence, range of motion, return to sports, arthritis, patient satisfaction, and outcome measures. METHODS: Of 162 patients, 127 patients (mean age, 31 years) were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 17.1 years (5-24) after undergoing an open Bankart repair using suture anchors. An independent orthopedic surgeon obtained a history and examined each for range of motion...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602786/the-intensity-of-postlaparoscopic-shoulder-pain-is-positively-correlated-with-the-amount-of-residual-pneumoperitoneum
#11
Taejong Song, Kye Hyun Kim, Kyo Won Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Residual carbon dioxide, which is inevitably retained in the abdominal cavity after laparoscopy, plays an important role in inducing postlaparoscopic shoulder pain (PLSP). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the volume of a residual pneumoperitoneum and the intensity of PLSP. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 203 patients undergoing laparoscopy for nonmalignant gynecologic diseases...
September 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554714/analysis-of-shoulder-abduction-by-dynamic-shoulder-radiograph-following-suprascapular-nerve-repair-in-brachial-plexus-injury
#12
Takashi Shimoe, Kazuteru Doi, Tomas Madura, Kannan K Kumar, Tristram D Montales, Yasunori Hattori, Sotetsu Sakamoto, Kiminori Yukata, Munehito Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve repair is a widely-prioritized procedure for shoulder reconstruction following brachial plexus injury. Although this procedure only reconstructs glenohumeral joint motion, the standard clinical assessment of shoulder function also includes the scapulothoracic joint contribution. The purpose of this preliminary study was to develop an objective method to accurately analyze shoulder abduction following suprascapular nerve repair in brachial plexus injury patients...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507643/imaging-of-complications-after-limb-prostheses-implantation-in-children-with-bone-tumors
#13
Beata Iwanowska, Hanna Brągoszewska, Jarosław Mądzik, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Izabela Kopyś-Wiszniewska, Małgorzata Jastrzębska, Barbara Kowalska, Maria Uliasz, Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the developmental age are an important problem in clinical practice. Primary bone tumors constitute 1-1.5% of all tumors, and 7% of all tumors diagnosed in the developmental age. The aim of the study was to assess the capabilities of imaging methods in diagnosing complications of limb endoprostheses in children with osteoarticular tumors. MATERIAL/METHODS: We included 155 patients with limb endoprostheses, aged 7-26 years. There were 113 patients with knee prostheses, 1 patient with bilateral knee prostheses, 16 patients with shoulder prostheses, 14 patients with hip prostheses, 11 patients with hip and knee prostheses, and 1 patient with a femoral prosthesis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446992/multimodality-imaging-of-calcinosis-of-chronic-renal-failure
#14
Raul Loya, Kimberly Beavers, Kurt Scherer
Secondary tumoral calcinosis (STC) refers to periarticular calcified masses associated with an identifiable condition. The most common of these identifiable conditions is a chronic renal failure. We present a unique case in which massive periarticular masses in a patient with calcinosis of chronic renal failure (CCRF) are demonstrated in the shoulder and hip on sonography, radiography and computed tomography (CT).
March 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434847/mri-before-radiography-for-patients-with-new-shoulder-conditions
#15
Kirstin M Small, Frank J Rybicki, Lindsay R Miller, Stephen D Daniels, Laurence D Higgins
PURPOSE: To assess the patterns of Appropriate Criteria application among orthopedic specialists and other fields of medicine for use of MRI and radiography and the subsequent necessity for surgical intervention. METHODS: The hospital electronic medical record was used to identify all shoulder MRI studies at a single large urban teaching hospital between January 2, 2011, and June 30, 2011. For each study, variables collected included ordering department, patient age, patient gender, patient's self-reported race/ethnicity, whether the patient obtained surgery for an issue related to the MRI diagnosis, the type of MRI ordered, the date of pain onset, the date of x-ray (if any), and the date of the MRI...
June 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410936/radiographic-and-clinical-analysis-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#16
Matthew Shillito, Maximillian Soong, Nicholas Martin
PURPOSE: The literature suggests that radiographs may be unnecessary in the initial evaluation of lateral epicondylitis because treatment is rarely altered as a result of the radiographic findings. The most commonly reported radiographic finding is calcification at the lateral epicondyle. Our goal was to perform a quantitative and qualitative analysis of this finding to determine its importance and possible relationship with various clinical factors and patient-reported measures. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with lateral epicondylitis by a single surgeon during a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355234/deltoid-muscle-volume-affects-clinical-outcome-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-cuff-tear-arthropathy-or-irreparable-cuff-tears
#17
Jong Pil Yoon, Anna Seo, Jeong Jun Kim, Chang-Hwa Lee, Seung-Hun Baek, Shin Yoon Kim, Eun Taek Jeong, Kyung-Soo Oh, Seok Won Chung
We aimed to estimate the interrelation between preoperative deltoid muscle status by measuring the 3-dimensional deltoid muscle volume and postoperative functional outcomes after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty(RTSA). Thirty-five patients who underwent RTSA participated in this study. All patients underwent preoperative magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) as well as pre- and postoperative radiography and various functional outcome evaluations at least 1 year. The primary outcome parameter was set as age- and sex-matched Constant scores...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321570/comparative-analysis-of-locking-plate-versus-hook-plate-osteosynthesis-of-neer-type-iib-lateral-clavicle-fractures
#18
Benjamin Erdle, Kaywan Izadpanah, Martin Jaeger, Patrizia Jensen, Lukas Konstantinidis, Jörn Zwingmann, Norbert P Südkamp, Dirk Maier
INTRODUCTION: Controversy exists on optimal operative treatment of vertically unstable Neer IIB lateral clavicle fractures. Aim of this study was to analyse and compare clinical and radiological results and complications of locking plate osteosynthesis (LPO) versus hook plate osteosynthesis (HPO) with acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) stabilization. The hypothesis was, that HPO would recreate coracoclavicular stability more effectively and potentially lead to a superior outcome. METHODS: This retrospective, observational cohort study included 32 patients (19 HPO, 13 LPO) with a mean age of 44...
May 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219656/ultrasound-abnormalities-in-septic-arthritis-are-associated-with-functional-outcomes
#19
Emeline Gaigneux, Grégoire Cormier, Stéphane Varin, Oriane Mérot, Yves Maugars, Benoit Le Goff
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ultrasound abnormalities seen in septic arthritis and to assess their associations with clinical, biological, and radiological outcomes. METHODS: We prospectively included 34 patients with septic arthritis of a native joint (knee, n=19; shoulder, n=6; hip, n=4; ankle, n=3; or wrist, n=2). Ultrasonography was performed to record synovial-membrane thickness and vascularity, joint effusion, and abnormalities of adjacent soft tissues, at baseline then 4days, 2weeks, and 3months later...
October 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210944/postoperative-imaging-in-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#20
REVIEW
F Di Pietto, V Chianca, R de Ritis, E Cesarano, A Reginelli, A Barile, M Zappia, L Ginolfi
Arthroscopic surgery of the hip, compared to that of the knee or the shoulder, has only recently been developed in any significant way. Current indications for arthroscopic surgery of the hip include: diagnosis and treatment of lesions symptomatic of the acetabular labrum, femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), chondral lesions, joint infections, lesions of the teres ligament, impingement of the psoas tendon, pathology of the peritrochanteric space, external snapping hip (coxa saltans), and traumatic and atraumatic instability...
March 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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