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shoulder radiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464215/accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-using-low-frequency-curvilinear-transducer-in-the-diagnosis-of-shoulder-dislocation-and-confirmation-of-appropriate-reduction
#1
Javad Seyedhosseini, Jaleh Saiidian, Amirpejman Hashemi Taheri, Elnaz Vahidi
Background: Ultrasound (US) is an effective modality in the evaluation of shoulder dislocation and reduction. In most studies, high frequency US probes have been used. Objective: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of low frequency US in the diagnosis of shoulder dislocation and its proper reduction in the emergency department (ED). Methods: In a prospective observational study 84 patients, suspicious of shoulder dislocation, were enrolled in our study...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456056/a-preliminary-exploration-of-plain-film-radiography-in-scapular-dyskinesis-evaluation
#2
Kang Chen, Simin Deng, Yanhong Ma, Yelin Yao, Juan Chen, Yuqian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of scapular dyskinesis is of clinical interest because it is believed to be associated with pathologies of the shoulder. This study investigated the feasibility of plain-film radiography in evaluating scapular dyskinesis. METHODS: Subjects with unilateral disorders of the shoulder (n = 186) who underwent plain-film radiography of bilateral scapulae were divided into 4 categories of scapular dyskinesis patterns according to the Kibler classification and analyzed...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445933/multimodality-imaging-of-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Lionel Pesquer, Sophie Borghol, Philippe Meyer, Mickael Ropars, Benjamin Dallaudière, Pierre Abadie
Subacromial impingement syndrome results from irritation of the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles in the subacromial space and may manifest as a range of pathologies. However, subacromial impingement is a dynamic condition for which imaging reveals predisposing factors but no pathognomonic indicators. Also, the usual imaging features of subacromial impingement may be seen in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Therefore, imaging is able to detect tears and describe the risk factors of impingement but cannot confirm subacromial impingement...
February 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350647/rotator-cuff-calcific-tendinopathy-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#4
Vito Chianca, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Federico Midiri, Giovanni Mauri, Alberto Aliprandi, Michele Catapano, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Cristian Giuseppe Monaco, Salvatore Gitto, Anna Pisani Mainini, Angelo Corazza, Santi Rapisarda, Grazia Pozzi, Antonio Barile, Carlo Masciocchi, Luca Maria Sconfienza
Rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy (RCCT) is a very common condition caused by the presence of calcific deposits in the rotator cuff (RC) or in the subacromial-subdeltoid (SASD) bursa when calcification spreads around the tendons. The pathogenetic mechanism of RCCT is still unclear. It seems to be related to cell-mediated disease in which metaplastic transformation of tenocytes into chondrocytes induces calcification inside the tendon of the RC. RCCT is a frequent finding in the RC that may cause significant shoulder pain and disability...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312875/functional-dynamic-radiography-with-computer-analysis-for-physiological-chest-imaging-and-kinematic-joint-imaging
#5
Shigeru Sanada
We developed a functional digital radiography system that provides physiological and functional information of the chest and/or joints using an X-ray flat-panel detector (FPD) system. During chest examination, sequential chest radiographs are taken from inspiration to expiration in order to analyze diaphragmatic movements. Pixel value changes in localized areas of the lung are then assessed to analyze ventilation and circulation. For limb joints, such as the wrist, shoulder, and knee, sequential radiographs during flexion and extension or rotational movement are considered, and movement angles are analyzed...
December 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273012/a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-of-patients-presenting-to-an-emergency-department-with-acute-shoulder-trauma-the-manchester-emergency-shoulder-mesh-project
#6
Michael J Callaghan, Janos P Baombe, Dan Horner, Charles E Hutchinson, Dilraj Sandher, Simon Carley
BACKGROUND: Fracture and dislocation of the shoulder are usually identifiable through the use of plain radiographs in an emergency department. However, other significant soft tissue injuries can be missed at initial presentation. This study used contrast enhanced magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) to determine the pattern of underlying soft tissue injuries in patients with traumatic shoulder injury, loss of active range of motion, and normal plain radiography. METHODS: A prospective, observational cohort study...
December 22, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244705/arthroscopic-repair-of-recurrent-posterior-shoulder-subluxation-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#7
Ricardo Grieshaber-Bouyer, Christian Gerber
CASE: A 53-year-old man presented with osteoarthritis (Walch biconcave [B2] glenoid retroversion, 22°; glenohumeral subluxation index, 65%) and a partial rupture of the supraspinatus tendon in the left shoulder. Following anatomic total joint replacement, he developed disabling recurrent posterior subluxation despite a stable prosthesis and a correctly centered glenoid head, as observed with postoperative radiography and computed tomography. In order to avoid bone loss and the complications associated with revision arthroplasty, we performed arthroscopic reefing of the posterior capsule as an experimental minimally invasive treatment...
July 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189406/cleidocranial-dysplasia-a-review-of-clinical-radiological-genetic-implications-and-a-guidelines-proposal
#8
Emilie Farrow, Romain Nicot, Axel Wiss, Amélie Laborde, Joël Ferri
In this review, we aimed to depict the clinical, radiological, and genetic features of cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) and to suggest management guidelines, based on our experience of 8 cases, with an emphasis given to dental complications.The most common craniofacial features of CCD that stand out are a patency of the anterior fontanelle, an inverted pear-shaped calvaria, a hypertelorism, a general midface retrusion, and a mandible prognathism, associated with an excessive mobility of the shoulders, a short stature, and teeth abnormalities such as supernumerary teeth and failure of eruption, in particular...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965942/comparison-of-ultrasonography-and-radiography-of-the-wrist-for-diagnosis-of-calcium-pyrophosphate-deposition
#9
Marine Forien, Alice Combier, Anaïs Gardette, Elisabeth Palazzo, Philippe Dieudé, Sébastien Ottaviani
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound (US) seems a useful tool for diagnosis of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) deposition (CPPD). We aimed to compare the performance of US and conventional radiography of the wrist for diagnosis of CPPD. METHODS: Patients with CPP crystals identified in synovial fluid (SF) (knee, hip, shoulder, ankle or wrist) were consecutively included and compared to patients without CPP crystals in synovial fluid considered as controls. As recommended, we used the term chondrocalcinosis (CC) to assess imaging features suggesting CPPD...
September 28, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943071/classification-of-humeral-head-pathomorphology-in-primary-osteoarthritis-a-radiographic-and-in-vivo-photographic-analysis
#10
Peter Habermeyer, Petra Magosch, Christel Weiß, Nael Hawi, Sven Lichtenberg, Mark Tauber, Bastian Ipach
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the pathologic changes of the osteoarthritic humeral head. METHODS: The study included 55 patients with primary osteoarthritis who underwent anatomic shoulder arthroplasty. Several radiologic parameters (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging) were assessed. Humeral head deformity in the transverse plane and humeral cartilage erosion in the coronal plane were chosen for photographic measurements from the resected humeral heads...
December 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932699/imaging-of-shoulder-instability
#11
REVIEW
Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Alberto Martínez Martínez, Pablo Tomás Muñoz, José Pozo Sánchez, Antonio Zarza Pérez
This extended review tries to cover the imaging findings of the wide range of shoulder injuries secondary to shoulder joint instability. Usefulness of the different imaging methods is stressed, including radiography, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance. The main topics to be covered include traumatic, atraumatic and minor instability syndromes. Radiography may show bone abnormalities associated to instability, including developmental and post-traumatic changes. CT is the best technique depicting and quantifying skeletal changes...
August 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874947/diagnostic-accuracy-of-ultrasound-for-identifying-shoulder-dislocations-and-reductions-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Michael Gottlieb, Frances Russell
INTRODUCTION: Patients with shoulder dislocations commonly present to the emergency department. Ultrasound has the potential to save time, radiation exposure, healthcare costs, and possible need for re-sedation. We conducted this systematic review to compare the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound compared with plain radiography in the assessment of shoulder dislocations. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant trials...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819463/role-and-correlation-of-high-resolution-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-evaluation-of-patients-with-shoulder-pain
#13
Amandeep Singh, Chuni Lal Thukral, Kamlesh Gupta, Mahesh Inder Singh, Sneh Lata, Ram Krishan Arora
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate of the role of high-resolution ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in patients with shoulder pain. MATERIAL/METHODS: This prospective study included 50 patients referred for ultrasound and MRI because of shoulder pain. All patients were examined clinically, followed by radiography of the affected shoulder. High-resolution ultrasound examination of the involved shoulder was performed together with an examination of the contralateral normal shoulder, followed by MRI of the symptomatic shoulder in all 50 patients...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808982/radial-head-prosthesis-results-overview
#14
E Carità, A Donadelli, L Cugola, P Perazzini
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Radial head replacement is frequently used in treatment of radial head fractures or sequela. Impossibility to restore a correct anatomy, acute elbow traumatic instability and failure of osteosynthesis hardware are the most common indications. The authors describe their case studies and results on the implantation of various radial head prostheses. MATERIALS: Between June 2005 and June 2016, 28 radial head prostheses were implanted in the same number of patients with an average follow-up of 49 months (6-104)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759525/ultrasound-and-pet-ct-correlation-in-shoulder-pathology-a-5-year-retrospective-analysis
#15
Christopher J Burke, William R Walter, Ronald S Adler, James S Babb, Joseph Sanger, Fabio Ponzo
PURPOSE: To correlate shoulder ultrasound and radiography with F-FDG PET-CT to establish FDG uptake and therefore range of metabolic activity, as defined by SUV analysis, in various symptomatic shoulder pathologies. METHODS: Retrospective database query was performed for shoulder ultrasound and PET-CT scans between January 2012 and January 2017. Patients who had both studies within 1 year were included. Age- and sex-matched control patients with PET-CT scans only were also included...
October 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735840/critical-shoulder-angle-is-associated-with-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-in-patients-with-glenohumeral-osteoarthritis
#16
Matthew T Mantell, Ryan Nelson, Jeremiah T Lowe, Donald P Endrizzi, Andrew Jawa
BACKGROUND: Higher critical shoulder angle (CSA) is correlated with rotator cuff tears (RCTs), whereas lower CSA is associated with glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA). Our goal was to investigate whether patients with concurrent glenohumeral OA and full-thickness RCTs demonstrate a higher CSA than patients with OA alone. METHODS: Using a 2-surgeon shoulder arthroplasty registry, we identified 31 patients with glenohumeral OA and full-thickness RCTs confirmed by plain radiography and magnetic resonance imaging, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684231/mid-term-to-long-term-outcome-of-the-open-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-dislocation-of-the-shoulder
#17
Robert J Neviaser, Michael T Benke, Andrew S Neviaser
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term outcome of the open Bankart repair for traumatic, recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder by evaluation of recurrence, range of motion, return to sports, arthritis, patient satisfaction, and outcome measures. METHODS: Of 162 patients, 127 patients (mean age, 31 years) were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 17.1 years (5-24) after undergoing an open Bankart repair using suture anchors. An independent orthopedic surgeon obtained a history and examined each for range of motion...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602786/the-intensity-of-postlaparoscopic-shoulder-pain-is-positively-correlated-with-the-amount-of-residual-pneumoperitoneum
#18
Taejong Song, Kye Hyun Kim, Kyo Won Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Residual carbon dioxide, which is inevitably retained in the abdominal cavity after laparoscopy, plays an important role in inducing postlaparoscopic shoulder pain (PLSP). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the volume of a residual pneumoperitoneum and the intensity of PLSP. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 203 patients undergoing laparoscopy for nonmalignant gynecologic diseases...
September 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554714/analysis-of-shoulder-abduction-by-dynamic-shoulder-radiograph-following-suprascapular-nerve-repair-in-brachial-plexus-injury
#19
Takashi Shimoe, Kazuteru Doi, Tomas Madura, Kannan K Kumar, Tristram D Montales, Yasunori Hattori, Sotetsu Sakamoto, Kiminori Yukata, Munehito Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve repair is a widely-prioritized procedure for shoulder reconstruction following brachial plexus injury. Although this procedure only reconstructs glenohumeral joint motion, the standard clinical assessment of shoulder function also includes the scapulothoracic joint contribution. The purpose of this preliminary study was to develop an objective method to accurately analyze shoulder abduction following suprascapular nerve repair in brachial plexus injury patients...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507643/imaging-of-complications-after-limb-prostheses-implantation-in-children-with-bone-tumors
#20
Beata Iwanowska, Hanna Brągoszewska, Jarosław Mądzik, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Izabela Kopyś-Wiszniewska, Małgorzata Jastrzębska, Barbara Kowalska, Maria Uliasz, Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the developmental age are an important problem in clinical practice. Primary bone tumors constitute 1-1.5% of all tumors, and 7% of all tumors diagnosed in the developmental age. The aim of the study was to assess the capabilities of imaging methods in diagnosing complications of limb endoprostheses in children with osteoarticular tumors. MATERIAL/METHODS: We included 155 patients with limb endoprostheses, aged 7-26 years. There were 113 patients with knee prostheses, 1 patient with bilateral knee prostheses, 16 patients with shoulder prostheses, 14 patients with hip prostheses, 11 patients with hip and knee prostheses, and 1 patient with a femoral prosthesis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
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