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Implementation intentions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079970/categorizing-the-magnitude-and-frequency-of-exposure-to-uncivil-behaviors-a-new-approach-for-more-meaningful-interventions
#1
Dena Evans
PURPOSE: To examine turnover intentions, as well as the prevalence and frequency of uncivil behaviors, from the perspective of registered nurses, respiratory therapists, and imaging professionals, using a new method to categorize exposure magnitude. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected using the 22-item Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R). Additional items, informed by Price and Mueller's causal model of turnover, were included, as were select demographic variables...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079720/%C3%A2-s%C3%A3-lo-se-vive-una-vez-you-only-live-once-a-pilot-evaluation-of-individually-tailored-video-modules-aiming-to-increase-hiv-testing-among-foreign-born-latino-men
#2
Suzanne M Dolwick Grieb, Alejandra Flores-Miller, Kathleen R Page
BACKGROUND: Although Latinos living in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV, the development, implementation, and evaluation of HIV prevention, testing, and linkage to care interventions lag behind efforts occurring in other communities. To address sociocultural barriers to testing, we developed a multilevel intervention. This study is a pilot evaluation of the individual-level component of the intervention-animated video modules that address specific barriers to HIV testing common among foreign-born Latino men...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077911/a-decade-of-data-protection-for-innovative-drugs-in-canada-issues-limitations-and-time-for-a-reassessment
#3
Megan Kendall, Declan Hamill
Drug regulators in Canada and in other nations require innovative pharmaceutical companies to submit undisclosed clinical or other data as a condition of approving the marketing of new pharmaceutical products-the origination of which involves considerable effort and investment. Data protection regulations were enacted in Canada in 2006, which-to some extent-closed a loophole in intellectual property law that had previously left innovative companies with no effective data protection for their clinical data. Although the regulations were intended to clarify and effectively implement Canada's international treaty obligations in the spirit of innovation, a review of Canada's first decade of effective data protection shows that Health Canada and Canadian courts have interpreted the scope of data protection for innovative drugs in a narrow manner that undermines and is inconsistent with the intent of the regulations...
December 1, 2016: Biotechnology Law Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074376/synthetic-biology-genome-editing-and-the-risk-of-bioterrorism
#4
Marko Ahteensuu
The SynBioSecurity argument says that synthetic biology introduces new risks of intentional misuse of synthetic pathogens and that, therefore, there is a need for extra regulations and oversight. This paper provides an analysis of the argument, sets forth a new version of it, and identifies three developments that raise biosecurity risks compared to the situation earlier. The developments include (1) a spread of the required know-how, (2) improved availability of the techniques, instruments and biological parts, and (3) new technical possibilities such as "resurrecting" disappeared pathogens...
January 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072475/safety-of-sulfur-hexafluoride-microbubbles-in-sonography-of-abdominal-and-superficial-organs-retrospective-analysis-of-30-222-cases
#5
Chunlin Tang, Kejing Fang, Yanli Guo, Rui Li, Xiaozhou Fan, Ping Chen, Zhaohui Chen, Qiangwei Liu, Ye Zou
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of the sulfur hexafluoride microbubble contrast agent SonoVue (Bracco SpA, Milan, Italy) and to implement precautions with the intent of further improving the safety of this contrast agent. METHODS: A total of 30,222 patients undergoing contrast-enhanced sonography of abdominal and superficial organs in our hospital from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively investigated. SonoVue was used as the ultrasound contrast agent...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070868/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-among-korean-american-emerging-adults
#6
Christian Jules Cerrada, Eldin Dzubur, Kacie C A Blackman, Vickie Mays, Steven Shoptaw, Jimi Huh
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking is a preventable risk factor that contributes to unnecessary lung cancer burden among Korean Americans and there is limited research on effective smoking cessation strategies for this population. Smartphone-based smoking cessation apps that leverage just-in-time adaptive interventions (JITAIs) hold promise for smokers attempting to quit. However, little is known about how to develop and tailor a smoking cessation JITAI for Korean American emerging adult (KAEA) smokers...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069627/what-aspects-of-intentional-rounding-work-in-hospital-wards-for-whom-and-in-what-circumstances-a-realist-evaluation-protocol
#7
Ruth Harris, Sarah Sims, Ros Levenson, Stephen Gourlay, Fiona Ross Cbe, Nigel Davies, Sally Brearley, Giampiero Favato, Robert Grant
INTRODUCTION: Intentional rounding (IR) is a structured process whereby nurses in hospitals carry out regular checks, usually hourly, with individual patients using a standardised protocol to address issues of positioning, pain, personal needs and placement of items. The widespread implementation of IR across the UK has been driven by the recommendations of the Francis Inquiry although empirical evidence of its effectiveness is poor. This paper presents a protocol of a multimethod study using a realist evaluation approach to investigate the impact and effectiveness of IR in hospital wards on the organisation, delivery and experience of care from the perspective of patients, their family members and staff...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068978/effectiveness-of-the-yourcall%C3%A2-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-harmful-drinking-in-patients-discharged-from-trauma-wards-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Shanthi Ameratunga, Bridget Kool, Sarah Sharpe, Papaarangi Reid, Arier Lee, Ian Civil, Gordon Smith, Vanessa Thornton, Matthew Walker, Robyn Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Behavioural brief interventions (BI) can support people to reduce harmful drinking but multiple barriers impede the delivery and equitable access to these. To address this challenge, we developed YourCall™, a novel short message service (SMS) text message intervention incorporating BI principles. This protocol describes a trial evaluating the effectiveness of YourCall™ (compared to usual care) in reducing hazardous drinking and alcohol related harm among injured adults who received in-patient care...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068554/movement-integration-in-elementary-classrooms-teacher-perceptions-and-implications-for-program-planning
#9
Collin A Webster, Nicole Zarrett, Brittany S Cook, Cate Egan, Danielle Nesbitt, R Glenn Weaver
Movement integration (MI), which involves infusing physical activity (PA) into regular classroom time in schools, is widely recommended to help children meet the national guideline of 60min of PA each day. Understanding the perspective of elementary classroom teachers (ECTs) toward MI is critical to program planning for interventions/professional development. This study examined the MI perceptions of ECTs in order to inform the design and implementation of a school-based pilot program that focused in part on increasing children's PA through MI...
December 24, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063879/the-effect-of-vishram-a-grass-roots-community-based-mental-health-programme-on-the-treatment-gap-for-depression-in-rural-communities-in-india-a-population-based-study
#10
Rahul Shidhaye, Vaibhav Murhar, Siddharth Gangale, Luke Aldridge, Rahul Shastri, Rachana Parikh, Ritu Shrivastava, Suvarna Damle, Tasneem Raja, Abhijit Nadkarni, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: VISHRAM was a community-based mental health programme with the goal of addressing the mental health risk factors for suicide in people from 30 villages in the Amravati district in Vidarbha, central India. We aimed to assess whether implementation of VISHRAM was associated with an increase in the proportion of people with depression who sought treatment (contact coverage). METHODS: A core strategy of VISHRAM was to increase the demand for care by enhancing mental health literacy and to improve the supply of evidence-based interventions for depression and alcohol-use disorders...
January 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063833/the-hibernating-mobile-phone-dead-storage-as-a-barrier-to-efficient-electronic-waste-recovery
#11
Garrath T Wilson, Grace Smalley, James R Suckling, Debra Lilley, Jacquetta Lee, Richard Mawle
Hibernation, the dead storage period when a mobile phone is still retained by the user at its end-of-life, is both a common and a significant barrier to the effective flow of time-sensitive stock value within a circular economic model. In this paper we present the findings of a survey of 181 mobile phone owners, aged between 18-25years old, living and studying in the UK, which explored mobile phone ownership, reasons for hibernation, and replacement motives. This paper also outlines and implements a novel mechanism for quantifying the mean hibernation period based on the survey findings...
January 4, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052822/applying-a-conceptual-framework-to-maximize-the-participation-of-diverse-populations-in-cancer-clinical-trials
#12
A Napoles, E Cook, T Ginossar, K D Knight, M E Ford
The underrepresentation of ethnically diverse populations in cancer clinical trials results in the inequitable distribution of the risks and benefits of this research. Using a case study approach, we apply a conceptual framework of factors associated with the participation of diverse population groups in cancer clinical trials developed by Dr. Jean Ford and colleagues to increase understanding of the specific strategies, and barriers and promoters addressed by these strategies, that resulted in marked success in accrual of racially and ethnically diverse populations in cancer clinical research...
2017: Advances in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#13
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051282/clinical-pharmacist-led-program-on-medication-reconciliation-implementation-at-hospital-admission-experience-of-a-single-university-hospital-in-croatia
#14
Ivana Marinović, Srećko Marušić, Iva Mucalo, Jasna Mesarić, Vesna Bačić Vrca
AIM: To evaluate the clinical pharmacist-led medication reconciliation process in clinical practice by quantifying and analyzing unintentional medication discrepancies at hospital admission. METHODS: An observational prospective study was conducted at the Clinical Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Dubrava, during a 1-year period (October 2014 - September 2015) as a part of the implementation of Safe Clinical Practice, Medication Reconciliation of the European Network for Patient Safety and Quality of Care Joint Action (PASQ JA) project...
December 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050337/race-ethnicity-and-intention-to-quit-cigarette-smoking
#15
Julia N Soulakova, Jinyu Li, Lisa J Crockett
The study examined racial/ethnic differences in smokers' intentions to quit smoking within the next 6 months. The sample included 20,693 current non-occasional smokers in the U.S. who responded to the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. The rates of intention to quit within 1 month were significantly higher for non-Hispanic (NH) Black (21%; OR = 1.44, CI = 1.24-1.67) and Hispanic (21%; OR = 1.42, CI = 1.20-1.68) than for the NH Whites (NHW, 15%). The rates of intention to quit within 6 months were significantly higher for NH Blacks (46%; OR = 1...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049504/effects-on-alcohol-use-of-a-swedish-school-based-prevention-program-for-early-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Linda Beckman, Mikael Svensson, Susanna Geidne, Charli Eriksson
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to address the lack of evaluations of school-based substance use prevention programs and to conduct a quasi-experimental evaluation of the alcohol use part of the Triad intervention. METHODS: Eleven Swedish intervention schools (285 pupils) and three control schools (159 pupils) participated in the evaluation. Baseline measurements were conducted in 2011 before the alcohol part in the prevention program was implemented in the intervention schools (school year 6, ages 12-13)...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047977/su-f-t-291-development-of-physician-driven-clinically-relevant-pass-fail-criteria-for-a-dvh-based-imrt-patient-specific-qa-program
#17
A Price, M Lawrence, S Das, L Rankine
PURPOSE: To derive and implement physician driven metrics for dose volume histogram (DVH)-based patient specific quality assurance (QA) for prostate radiation therapy based on clinically relevant deviations. METHODS: An observership study presented 3 radiation oncology physicians from our institution with a series of artificial DVH-based IMRT QA results, each generated by introducing iteratively larger perturbations from a planned DVH (from our pool of 20 real patient plans) to portions of the bladder, rectum, and planning target volume (PTV) DVHs...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047963/tu-fg-209-04-testing-of-digital-image-receptors-using-aapm-tg-150-s-draft-recommendations-investigating-the-impact-of-different-processing-parameters
#18
C Finley, J Dave
PURPOSE: To evaluate implementation of AAPM TG-150's draft recommendations via a parameter study for testing the performance of digital image receptors. METHODS: Flat field images were acquired from 9 calibrated digital image receptors associated with 9 new portable digital radiography systems (Carestream Health, Inc.) based on the draft recommendations and manufacturer-specified calibration conditions (set of 4 images at input detector air kerma ranging from 1 to 25 µGy)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047377/mo-fg-202-02-automated-plan-quality-assurance-integrated-with-eclipse-using-varian-s-esapi-interface
#19
E Schreibmann, I Crocker, A Dhabaan, E Elder
PURPOSE: Treatment plan compliance to physician's intent is still assessed by hand in clinical practice by visually comparing prescription details against corresponding plan values. We report on a script that uses the Varian's programming interface to automate the scoring of treatment plan dose values to the physician's prescribed constraints. METHODS: The Eclipse Scripting Advance Programming Interface (ESAPI) is a FDA-approved scripting environment written in C# that allows programming access to a patient's record in Aria and Eclipse...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043723/effectiveness-of-online-simulation-training-measuring-faculty-knowledge-perceptions-and-intention-to-adopt
#20
Sujeong Kim, Chang Park, Jennifer O'Rourke
BACKGROUND: Best practice standards of simulation recommend standardized simulation training for nursing faculty. Online training may offer an effective and more widely available alternative to in-person training. OBJECTIVES: Using the Theory of Planned Behavior, this study evaluated the effectiveness of an online simulation training program, examining faculty's foundational knowledge of simulation as well as perceptions and intention to adopt. DESIGN: One-group pretest-posttest design...
December 24, 2016: Nurse Education Today
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