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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344079/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-intent-among-mothers-of-newborn-babies-in-da-nang-viet-nam
#1
Phuong Thi Kim Nguyen, Hoang Thi Tran, Thuy Thi Thanh Thai, Kirsty Foster, Christine L Roberts, Ben J Marais
Background: Breastfeeding is recognized as the single most cost-effective intervention to reduce child morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have explored perceived barriers to breastfeeding and factors associated with breastfeeding intent among mothers of newborn babies in Viet Nam. We conducted a study to assess breastfeeding initiation rates, intent to breastfeed exclusively for 6 months or more and perceived barriers to breastfeed among mothers of newborn babies in Da Nang, Viet Nam...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342896/how-does-counselling-in-a-stationary-health-care-setting-affect-the-attendance-in-a-standardised-sports-club-programme-process-evaluation-of-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Sylvia Titze, Christian Lackinger, Lena Grossschaedl, Albert Strehn, Thomas E Dorner, Josef Niebauer, Wolfgang Schebesch-Ruf
Actions in partnership across sectors is one principle for the promotion of health behaviours. The objective of this study was to describe the participation in a sports club-based exercise programme-named JACKPOT-following an intervention in a health care setting. Focus was given to the recruitment into JACKPOT, the attendance level, and whether the different programme elements were implemented as intented. The practicability of the project was also retrospectively rated. Participants were 238 inactive people (50% women) between 30 and 65 years of age who attended a health resort...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341813/regenerative-medicine-a-vehicle-to-infuse-laboratory-bench-modules-into-an-exercise-physiology-curriculum
#3
Jason M Brown, Breonte S Guy, Dawn X Henderson, C Edward Ebert, Jill Harp, Chad D Markert
Regenerative medicine is a novel discipline that both excites undergraduates and may be used as a vehicle to expose students to scientific concepts and opportunities. The goal of this article is to describe the implementation of a National Science Foundation-funded Targeted Infusion Project in which underrepresented minority undergraduates are exposed to laboratory-bench skills and summer research opportunities that they may not have encountered otherwise. A 3-wk infusion of laboratory-bench and data presentation skills, in the context of a regenerative medicine/bioengineering project, aimed to engage students and expose them to opportunities as summer researchers and teaching assistants...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335329/relocating-patients-from-a-specialist-homeless-healthcare-centre-to-general-practices-a-multi-perspective-study
#4
Kathrine Gibson Smith, Vibhu Paudyal, Katie MacLure, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Carol Buchanan, Liz Wilson, Joan MacLeod, Ann Smith, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: The relocation of formerly homeless patients eligible to transfer from a specialist homeless healthcare centre (SHHC) to mainstream general practices is key to patient integration in the local community. Failure to transition patients conferring eligibility for relocation may also negatively impact on SHHC service delivery. AIM: To explore barriers and facilitators of relocation from the perspectives of formerly homeless patients and healthcare staff involved in their care...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332637/pilot-rct-of-an-integrative-group-therapy-for-patients-with-refractory-irritable-bowel-syndrome-isrctn02977330
#5
S Berens, E Stroe-Kunold, F Kraus, J Tesarz, A Gauss, B Niesler, W Herzog, R Schaefert
OBJECTIVE: Different forms of psychotherapeutic treatments have been proven effective in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but disorder-oriented and integrative concepts are still rare. Therefore, we implemented and evaluated an integrative group therapeutic concept within an interdisciplinary tertiary care clinic for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). AIMS: present our integrative group concept, assess feasibility issues, and evaluate efficacy. METHODS: A pilot-RCT with a randomized controlled wait-listed group design was conducted...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331770/women-s-satisfaction-with-mammography-and-predictors-of-participation-in-an-organized-breast-cancer-screening-program-perspectives-of-a-local-health-unit-in-rome
#6
B Unim, R Boggi, M Napoli, R Fulgenzi, A Landi, G La Torre
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to evaluate satisfaction with the mammography service of the Local Health Unit RMA (Rome, Lazio Region) among women who have attended the program and to identify the predictors of participation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A telephone-based questionnaire was administered to women eligible for mammography screening. The respondents were randomly selected and interviewed by the health center staff...
January 11, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331233/a-biophysical-modelling-platform-of-the-cochlear-nucleus-and-other-auditory-circuits-from-channels-to-networks
#7
Paul B Manis, Luke Campagnola
Models of the auditory brainstem have been an invaluable tool for testing hypotheses about auditory information processing and for highlighting the most important gaps in the experimental literature. Due to the complexity of the auditory brainstem, and indeed most brain circuits, the dynamic behavior of the system may be difficult to predict without a detailed, biologically realistic computational model. Despite the sensitivity of models to their exact construction and parameters, most prior models of the cochlear nucleus have incorporated only a small subset of the known biological properties...
December 28, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326184/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-computer-based-clinic-intervention-health-e-you-salud-itu-to-reduce-health-disparities-in-unintended-pregnancies-among-hispanic-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial
#8
Kathleen P Tebb, Felicia Rodriguez, Lance M Pollack, Sang Leng Trieu, Loris Hwang, Maryjane Puffer, Sally Adams, Elizabeth M Ozer, Claire D Brindis
INTRODUCTION: Teen pregnancy rates in the USA remain higher than any other industrialised nation, and pregnancies among Hispanic adolescents are disproportionately high. Computer-based interventions represent a promising approach to address sexual health and contraceptive use disparities. Preliminary findings have demonstrated that the Health-E You/Salud iTu, computer application (app) is feasible to implement, acceptable to Latina adolescents and improves sexual health knowledge and interest in selecting an effective contraceptive method when used in conjunction with a healthcare visit...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324567/electronic-health-record-implementation-findings-at-a-large-suburban-health-and-human-services-department
#9
Kenyon Crowley, Anubhuti Mishra, Raul Cruz-Cano, Robert Gold, Dushanka Kleinman, Ritu Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an electronic health record (EHR) implementation across a large public health department to better understand and improve implementation effectiveness of EHRs in public health departments. DESIGN: A survey based on Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research constructs was administered to staff before and after implementation of an EHR. SETTING: Large suburban county department of health and human services that provides clinical, behavioral, social, and oral health services...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320809/does-paid-family-leave-reduce-nursing-home-use-the-california-experience
#10
Kanika Arora, Douglas A Wolf
The intent of Paid Family Leave (PFL) is to make it financially easier for individuals to take time off from paid work to care for children and seriously ill family members. Given the linkages between care provided by family members and the usage of paid services, we examine whether California's PFL program influenced nursing home utilization in California during the 1999 to 2008 period. This is the first empirical study to examine the effects of PFL on long-term care patterns. Multivariate difference-indifference estimates across alternative comparison groups provide consistent evidence that the implementation of PFL reduced the proportion of the elderly population in nursing homes by 0...
2018: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#11
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314508/how-the-dual-process-model-of-human-cognition-can-inform-efforts-to-de-implement-ineffective-and-harmful-clinical-practices-a-preliminary-model-of-unlearning-and-substitution
#12
Christian D Helfrich, Adam J Rose, Christine W Hartmann, Leti van Bodegom-Vos, Ian D Graham, Suzanne J Wood, Barbara R Majerczyk, Chester B Good, Leonard M Pogach, Sherry L Ball, David H Au, David C Aron
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: One way to understand medical overuse at the clinician level is in terms of clinical decision-making processes that are normally adaptive but become maladaptive. In psychology, dual process models of cognition propose 2 decision-making processes. Reflective cognition is a conscious process of evaluating options based on some combination of utility, risk, capabilities, and/or social influences. Automatic cognition is a largely unconscious process occurring in response to environmental or emotive cues based on previously learned, ingrained heuristics...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303008/behavioural-modes-of-adherence-to-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-grounded-theory-study
#13
Dorthe Sørensen, Marie Ernst Christensen
PURPOSE: Our aim was to develop a theoretical account of the behavioural pattern of adherence to home-based inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), performed as two daily sessions of 30 breaths with mechanical threshold loading. METHODS: This was a qualitative study based on the classic grounded theory method. We conducted interviews with people living with COPD recruited after completion of 6 weeks of outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program in 2015...
January 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301513/testicular-self-examination-among-bahir-dar-university-students-application-of-integrated-behavioral-model
#14
Hordofa Gutema, Yamrot Debela, Bizuayehu Walle, Kidist Reba, Habtamu Wondiye
BACKGROUND: Though the incidence of Testicular cancer among young is rising, little attention is given to promoting testicular self-examination which is recommended for its early prevention in developing countries. This study aimed to assess testicular self-examination and associated factors among Bahir Dar University students using integrated behavioral model. METHODS: Cross sectional study was conducted among Bahir Dar University students in September, 2016. Systematic sampling technique was used to select 884 participants...
January 4, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301279/private-animal-welfare-standards-opportunities-and-risks
#15
Frida Lundmark, Charlotte Berg, Helena Röcklinsberg
The current shift moves the governance of animal welfare away from the government towards the private market and the consumers. We have studied the intentions, content, and on-farm inspection results from different sets of animal welfare legislation and private standards with an aim to highlight the most important opportunities and risks identified in relation to the trend of increasingly relying on private standards for safeguarding or improving farm animal welfare. Our results show that different focuses, intentions, animal welfare requirements, inspection methods (i...
January 2, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300380/development-and-evaluation-of-a-genomics-training-program-for-community-health-workers-in-texas
#16
Lei-Shih Chen, Shixi Zhao, Donaji Stelzig, Shweta U Dhar, Tanya Eble, Yu-Chen Yeh, Oi-Man Kwok
PurposeGenomics services have the potential to reduce incidence and mortality of diseases by providing individualized, family health history (FHH)-based prevention strategies to clients. These services may benefit from the involvement of community health workers (CHWs) in the provision of FHH-based genomics education and services, as CHWs are frontline public health workers and lay health educators, who share similar ethnicities, languages, socioeconomic statuses, and life experiences with the communities they serve...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298737/a-feasible-model-for-early-intervention-for-high-risk-substance-use-in-the-emergency-department-setting
#17
Rebecca Howard, Stephanie Fry, Andrew Chan, Brigid Ryan, Yvonne Bonomo
Objective In response to escalating alcohol and other drug (AOD)-related emergency department (ED) presentations, a tertiary Melbourne hospital embedded experienced AOD clinical nurse consultants in the ED on weekends to trial a model for screening, assessment and brief intervention (BI). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relative contributions of AOD to ED presentations and to pilot a BI model.Methods Using a customised AOD screening tool and a framework for proactive case finding, screened participants were offered a comprehensive AOD assessment and BI in the ED...
January 4, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298115/caution-ahead-research-challenges-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-implemented-to-improve-breast-cancer-treatment-at-safety-net-hospitals
#18
Nina A Bickell, Ajay Shah, Maria Castaldi, Theophilus Lewis, Alan Sickles, Shalini Arora, Kevin Clarke, Margaret Kemeny, Anitha Srinivasan, Kezhen Fei, Rebeca Franco, Michael Parides, Peter Pappas, Ann Scheck McAlearney
PURPOSE: To implement and test a Web-based tracking and feedback (T&F) tool to close referral loops and reduce adjuvant breast cancer treatment underuse in safety-net hospitals (SNHs). PATIENT AND METHODS: We randomly assigned 10 SNHs, identified patients with new stage 1 to stage 3 breast cancer, assessed their connection with the oncologist, and relayed this information to surgeons for follow-up. We interviewed key informants about the tool's usefulness. We conducted intention-to-treat and pre- and poststudy analyses to assess the T&F tool and implementation effectiveness, respectively...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298021/implementing-community-baby-showers-to-address-infant-mortality-in-oklahoma
#19
Timothy Thornberry, Jennifer Han, Linda Thomas
IMPORTANCE: Oklahoma has one of the highest rates of infant mortality and poor birth outcomes in the U.S., particularly among minority populations. OBJECTIVES: To describe the formation and implementation of a state-led infant mortality prevention program which sought to: educate minorities about their disproportionate risk for infant mortality; improve pregnancy, infancy, and early childhood outcomes; and prevent infant mortality. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants completed one of many community baby shower events and were evaluated pre- and post-shower on infant mortality and well-baby knowledge...
March 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294732/individual-versus-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-partner-violent-men-a-preliminary-randomized-trial
#20
Christopher M Murphy, Christopher I Eckhardt, Judith M Clifford, Adam D Lamotte, Laura A Meis
A randomized clinical trial tested the hypothesis that a flexible, case formulation-based, individual treatment approach integrating motivational interviewing strategies with cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) is more efficacious than a standardized group cognitive-behavioral approach (GCBT) for perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Forty-two men presenting for services at a community domestic violence agency were randomized to receive 20 sessions of ICBT or a 20-week group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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