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Implementation intentions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935988/effects-of-a-community-based-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-program-co-help-among-adults-with-prediabetes-in-a-developing-country-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Norliza Ibrahim, Foong Ming Moy, Intan Attikah Nur Awalludin, Zainudin Mohd Ali, Ikram Shah Ismail
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Malaysian adults has increased by more than two folds over the past two decades. Strategies to collaborate with the existing community partners may become a promising channel for wide-scale dissemination of diabetes prevention in the country. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of community-based lifestyle interventions delivered to adults with prediabetes and their health-related quality of life as compared to the usual care group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933555/pharmacist-s-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-introduction-and-evaluation-at-elderly-patient-admission
#2
Faiza Rhalimi, Mounir Rhalimi, Alain Rauss
BACKGROUND: The role of the clinical pharmacist within the healthcare system remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe a pharmacist's comprehensive geriatric assessment (pCGA) at admission of elderly patients and to assess its relevance in terms of medication compliance and pharmacist interventions (PIs). METHODS: We conducted a prospective interventional study over 29 months in a 34-bed medical/rehabilitation geriatric ward in a French geriatric hospital...
December 8, 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931047/effect-of-population-breast-screening-on-breast-cancer-mortality-up-to-2005-in-england-and-wales-an-individual-level-cohort-study
#3
Louise E Johns, Derek A Coleman, Anthony J Swerdlow, Susan M Moss
BACKGROUND: Population breast screening has been implemented in the UK for over 25 years, but the size of benefit attributable to such programmes remains controversial. We have conducted the first individual-based cohort evaluation of population breast screening in the UK, to estimate the impact of the NHS breast screening programme (NHSBSP) on breast cancer mortality. METHODS: We followed 988 090 women aged 49-64 years in 1991 resident in England and Wales, who because of the staggered implementation of the NHSBSP, included both invited subjects and an uninvited control group...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928052/feasibility-of-implementing-a-hospital-based-opt-out-tobacco-cessation-service
#4
Georges J Nahhas, Dianne Wilson, Vince Talbot, Kathleen B Cartmell, Graham W Warren, Benjamin Toll, Matthew J Carpenter, K Michael Cummings
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and outcomes of implementing a hospital-based "opt-out" tobacco-cessation service. METHODS: In 2014, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) adopted a policy that all hospitalized patients who self-report using tobacco be referred to tobacco-cessation service. This is a descriptive study of a real-world effort to implement guidelines for a hospital-based cessation service consistent with Joint Commission's standards. Between February-2014 and May-2015, 42,061 adults were admitted to the MUSC Hospital...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927264/factors-influencing-the-intentions-of-nurses-and-respiratory-therapists-to-use-automated-external-defibrillators-during-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-qualitative-interview-study
#5
Jessica Andrews, Christian Vaillancourt, Jan Jensen, Ann Kasaboski, Manya Charette, Catherine M Clement, Jamie C Brehaut, Martin H Osmond, George A Wells, Ian G Stiell, Jeremy Grimshaw
OBJECTIVES: Nurses and respiratory therapists are seldom allowed to use automated external defibrillators (AED) during in-hospital cardiac arrest. This can result in significant time delays before defibrillation occurs and lower survival for cardiac arrest victims. We sought to identify barriers and facilitators to AED use by nurses and respiratory therapists. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with a purposeful sample of nurses and respiratory therapists...
December 8, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926797/cesarean-outcomes-in-us-birth-centers-and-collaborating-hospitals-a-cohort-comparison
#6
Patrick Thornton, Barbara L McFarlin, Chang Park, Kristin Rankin, Mavis Schorn, Susan Stapleton
INTRODUCTION: High rates of cesarean birth are a significant health care quality issue, and birth centers have shown potential to reduce rates of cesarean birth. Measuring this potential is complicated by lack of randomized trials and limited observational comparisons. Cesarean rates vary by provider type, setting, and clinical and nonclinical characteristics of women, but our understanding of these dynamics is incomplete. METHODS: We sought to isolate labor setting from other risk factors in order to assess the effect of birth centers on the odds of cesarean birth...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925602/bayesian-intent-prediction-in-object-tracking-using-bridging-distributions
#7
Bashar I Ahmad, James K Murphy, Patrick M Langdon, Simon J Godsill
In several application areas, such as human computer interaction, surveillance and defence, determining the intent of a tracked object enables systems to aid the user/operator and facilitate effective, possibly automated, decision making. In this paper, we propose a probabilistic inference approach that permits the prediction, well in advance, of the intended destination of a tracked object and its future trajectory. Within the framework introduced here, the observed partial track of the object is modeled as being part of a Markov bridge terminating at its destination, since the target path, albeit random, must end at the intended endpoint...
December 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919400/a-novel-concept-for-integrating-and-delivering-health-information-using-a-comprehensive-digital-dashboard-an-analysis-of-healthcare-professionals-intention-to-adopt-a-new-system-and-the-trend-of-its-real-usage
#8
Keehyuck Lee, Se Young Jung, Hee Hwang, Sooyoung Yoo, Hyun Young Baek, Rong-Min Baek, Seok Kim
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a new concept of medical dashboard system called BESTBoard. Such a system was implemented in all wards in a tertiary academic hospital to explore the development process, core designs, functions, usability and feasibility. METHODS: The task-force team made user interface designs for 6 months based on a need analysis. Hardware configuration and software development was carried out for 3 months. We conducted a survey of 383 physicians and nurses to determine the usability and feasibility of the system...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919261/caf%C3%A3-a-multicomponent-audit-and-feedback-intervention-to-improve-implementation-of-healthy-food-policy-in-primary-school-canteens-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Sze Lin Yoong, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Christopher Oldmeadow, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Tessa Delaney, Peter Butler, Lisa Janssen, Sarah Preece, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: The implementation of nutrition policies in schools has been recommended as a strategy to improve child dietary intake. Internationally, research suggests that the majority of schools do not implement these policies. In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the NSW Healthy School Canteen Policy requires that school canteens prohibit the sale of 'red' foods (i.e. foods that are typically nutrient poor and high in energy, such as confectionary and deep-fried foods) and 'banned'drinks (i...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919239/psychosocial-determinants-of-parental-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-decision-making-for-sons-methodological-challenges-and-initial-results-of-a-pan-canadian-longitudinal-study
#10
Samara Perez, Ovidiu Tatar, Gilla K Shapiro, Eve Dubé, Gina Ogilvie, Juliet Guichon, Vladimir Gilca, Zeev Rosberger
BACKGROUND: HPV vaccination decision-making is a complex process that is influenced by multiple psychosocial determinants. Given the change in policy recommendation to include males in routine HPV vaccination, our goals were to assess the HPV vaccination uptake in Canada, to understand where Canadian parents were situated in the HPV vaccine decision-making process for their son, how they changed over time and which psychosocial determinants were relevant for this process. METHODS: We used an online survey methodology and collected data from a nationally representative sample of Canadian parents of boys aged 9-16 at baseline (T1, February 2014) and at 9 months' follow-up (T2)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917002/perceptions-of-a-campus-wide-condom-distribution-programme-an-exploratory-study
#11
Diane B Francis, Seth M Noar, Laura Widman, Jessica Fitts Willoughby, Diana M Sanchez, Kyla P Garrett
OBJECTIVE: Condom distribution programmes are an important means of preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs); yet little research has examined their perceived and actual impact on college campuses. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Large public university in the Southeastern USA. METHOD: Approximately 2 months after a campus-wide condom distribution programme began, we utilised intercept surveys with 355 students (68% women; 43% racial/ethnic minorities) to examine their perceptions of the availability, accessibility and acceptability of condoms, and their perceptions and use of the newly installed condom dispensers...
December 2016: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912773/china-s-health-assistance-to-africa-opportunism-or-altruism
#12
REVIEW
Shuang Lin, Liangmin Gao, Melissa Reyes, Feng Cheng, Joan Kaufman, Wafaa M El-Sadr
China has made substantial health commitments to Africa in the past several decades. However, while much has been written regarding China-Africa aid overall, relatively little attention has been given to China's health aid. To better understand these investments, we provide an overview of the current framework and characteristics of China's health aid to Africa. China's health assistance has been perceived by some as opportunistic, largely as a demonstration of China's engagement in "soft power" and an attempt to enhance its access to natural resources and political favors by African countries...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910217/disentangling-estimands-and-the-intention-to-treat-principle
#13
Ann-Kristin Leuchs, Andreas Brandt, Jörg Zinserling, Norbert Benda
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aim at providing reliable estimates of treatment benefit. Missing data and nonadherence to treatment are distinct problems that can substantially impede this task. In practice, the fact that the handling of missing data due to nonadherence affects the question that is addressed is often ignored. Estimands allow precisely predefining the question of interest. Estimands are definitions of that which is being estimated with regard to population, endpoint, and handling of postrandomization events (eg, nonadherence)...
December 2, 2016: Pharmaceutical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902520/rethinking-recovery-incorporating-holistic-nursing-perspectives-in-poststroke-care
#14
Frances Peterson-Burch, Karin Reuter-Rice, Taura L Barr
Stroke is a life-changing experience. Current treatments focus on treating the condition, rather than the whole person. The goal of this report was to communicate the benefits of a holistic approach to the treatment and recovery of stroke. Our intent was to begin a conversation to transform our approach to stroke care to focus on the whole person, body, mind, and spirit. Wellness approaches are fiscally responsible ways of providing holistic care for patients and their family members to help them achieve optimal individualized recovery...
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900570/concomitant-use-of-statins-in-tocilizumab-treated-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-post-hoc-analysis
#15
Martin Soubrier, Jinglan Pei, Frédérick Durand, Lars Gullestad, Ani John
INTRODUCTION: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have decreased survival because of increased cardiovascular risk compared with the general population, and treatment with tocilizumab (TCZ) has been shown to increase lipid levels; however, the relationship between lipids and cardiovascular risk is unknown. This post hoc analysis expanded on previously reported 24-week results by characterizing statin use and subsequent changes in lipid parameters in patients with RA treated with intravenous or subcutaneous TCZ (TCZ-IV or TCZ-SC) over 2 years of treatment...
November 29, 2016: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900372/application-of-the-marginal-structural-model-to-account-for-suboptimal-adherence-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
James Rochon, Manjushri Bhapkar, Carl F Pieper, William E Kraus
BACKGROUND: There is considerable interest in adjusting for suboptimal adherence in randomized controlled trials. A per-protocol analysis, for example removes individuals who fail to achieve a minimal level of adherence. One can also reassign non-adherers to the control group, censor them at the point of non-adherence, or cross them over to the control. However, there are biases inherent in each of these methods. Here, we describe an application of causal modeling to address this issue...
December 15, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899904/theory-based-interventions-combining-mental-simulation-and-planning-techniques-to-improve-physical-activity-null-results-from-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Carine Meslot, Aurélie Gauchet, Benoît Allenet, Olivier François, Martin S Hagger
Interventions to assist individuals in initiating and maintaining regular participation in physical activity are not always effective. Psychological and behavioral theories advocate the importance of both motivation and volition in interventions to change health behavior. Interventions adopting self-regulation strategies that foster motivational and volitional components may, therefore, have utility in promoting regular physical activity participation. We tested the efficacy of an intervention adopting motivational (mental simulation) and volitional (implementation intentions) components to promote a regular physical activity in two studies...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898797/effectiveness-of-livestock-exclusion-in-a-pasture-of-central-north-carolina
#18
Daniel E Line, Deanna L Osmond, Wesley Childres
Reducing the export of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and sediment from agricultural land in water-supply watersheds is a continuing goal in central North Carolina. The objective of this project was to document the effectiveness of a combination of livestock exclusion fencing and nutrient management implemented on a beef cattle pasture located in the Piedmont region of North Carolina. The quantity and quality of discharge from two predominantly pasture watersheds were monitored simultaneously for 3.8 yr before and after implementation of the exclusion fencing and nutrient management in the treatment watershed; a control watershed remained unchanged...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894287/towards-a-preventive-strategy-for-complaints-of-arm-neck-and-or-shoulder-cans-the-role-of-help-seeking-behaviour
#19
Vivian E J Bruls, Nicole W H Jansen, Rob A de Bie, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, IJmert Kant
BACKGROUND: When developing an effective early preventive strategy for employees and students with CANS (Complaints of Arm, Neck or Shoulder, not caused by acute trauma or systemic disease), insight in help seeking behaviour and knowledge of factors associated with help seeking behaviour within the target population, is a prerequisite. The aim of this study was to examine whether perceived hindrance is associated with help seeking behaviour, specifically in employees and students identified with CANS...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892625/progress-at-the-intersection-of-patient-safety-and-medical-liability-insights-from-the-ahrq-patient-safety-and-medical-liability-demonstration-program
#20
M Susan Ridgely, Michael D Greenberg, Michelle B Pillen, James Bell
OBJECTIVE: To identify lessons learned from the experience of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety and Medical Liability (PSML) Demonstration Program. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: On September 9, 2009, President Obama directed the Secretary of Health and Human Services to authorize demonstration projects that put "patient safety first" with the intent of reducing preventable adverse outcomes and stemming liability costs. Seven demonstration projects received 3 years of funding from AHRQ in the summer of 2010, and the program formally came to a close in June 2015...
December 2016: Health Services Research
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