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Implementation intentions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725897/integration-and-application-of-optical-chemical-sensors-in-microbioreactors
#1
Pia Gruber, Marco P C Marques, Nicolas Szita, Torsten Mayr
The quantification of key variables such as oxygen, pH, carbon dioxide, glucose, and temperature provides essential information for biological and biotechnological applications and their development. Microfluidic devices offer an opportunity to accelerate research and development in these areas due to their small scale, and the fine control over the microenvironment, provided that these key variables can be measured. Optical sensors are well-suited for this task. They offer non-invasive and non-destructive monitoring of the mentioned variables, and the establishment of time-course profiles without the need for sampling from the microfluidic devices...
July 20, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725453/development-of-an-implementation-intention-based-intervention-to-change-children-s-and-parent-carers-behaviour
#2
Karen Davies, Christopher J Armitage, Yin-Ling Lin, James Munro, Tanya Walsh, Peter Callery
BACKGROUND: Implementation intentions enable individuals to translate good intentions into action. Parents and children can find maintaining oral health difficult, as evidenced by the presence of tooth decay. This is a common condition in children in spite of being preventable through the use of regular tooth brushing, fluoride protection and avoiding sugar intake. Even when parents and children are positive about looking after the teeth, they can face challenges in maintaining consistent habits...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724370/facing-unemployment-study-protocol-for-the-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-for-psychological-well-being-promotion
#3
Ana Virgolino, Maria João Heitor, Joana Carreiras, Elisa Lopes, Simon Øverland, Steffen Torp, Dora Guðmundsdóttir, José Pereira Miguel, M Fátima Reis, Osvaldo Santos
BACKGROUND: Economic crises and unemployment have profound impact on mental health and well-being. Main goal of the Healthy Employment (HE) project is to enhance intersectoral actions promoting mental health among unemployed, namely through the implementation and effectiveness-evaluation of short-term and sustainable group interventions. METHODS: The project follows a RE-AIM-based (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance) framework for assessing a cognitive-behavioural and psychoeducational intervention that has been developed for promoting mental health among unemployed people...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720612/translating-staff-experience-into-organisational-improvement-the-heads-up-stepped-wedge-cluster-controlled-non-randomised-trial
#4
Samuel Pannick, Thanos Athanasiou, Susannah J Long, Iain Beveridge, Nick Sevdalis
OBJECTIVES: Frontline insights into care delivery correlate with patients' clinical outcomes. These outcomes might be improved through near-real time identification and mitigation of staff concerns. We evaluated the effects of a prospective frontline surveillance system on patient and team outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective, stepped wedge, non-randomised, cluster controlled trial; prespecified per protocol analysis for high-fidelity intervention delivery. PARTICIPANTS: Seven interdisciplinary medical ward teams from two hospitals in the UK...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717759/quality-oncology-practice-initiative-can-guide-and-improve-oncology-providers-training-in-brazil
#5
Cristiane Decat Bergerot, Errol J Philip, Paulo Gustavo Bergerot, Simone Elias, Daiane Pereira Guimarães, Nora Manoukian Forones, Otavio Cesar Carvalho Guimarães Baiocchi, Nildo Alves Batista, Edvane Birelo Lopes De Domenico
PURPOSE: It has become crucial to translate scientific findings and to find ways by which to mobilize local resources to improve the quality and accessibility of cancer care in developing countries. This study seeks to provide insight into challenge through examining differences in clinician documentation of patients with cancer treated at a Brazilian Public University Hospital. METHODS: ASCO Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) measures were used to examine the care provided in the departments of breast, colorectal, lymphoma, gynecology, and lung cancers...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717647/intracranial-hematoma-detection-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy-in-a-helicopter-emergency-medical-service-practical-experience
#6
Patrick Schober, Sebastiaan M Bossers, Lothar A Schwarte
In (helicopter) emergency medical services, (H)EMS, the prehospital detection of intracranial hematomas should improve patient care and the triage to specialized neurosurgical hospitals. Recently, noninvasive detection of intracranial hematomas became possible by applying transcranial near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Herein, second-generation devices are currently available, for example, the Infrascanner 2000 (Infrascan), that appear suited also for prehospital (H)EMS applications. Since (H)EMS operations are time-critical, we studied the Infrascanner 2000 as a "first-time-right" monitor in healthy volunteers (n = 17, hospital employees, no neurologic history)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717395/brain-imaging-before-primary-lung-cancer-resection-a-controversial-topic
#7
Zoe Hudson, Eveline Internullo, Anthony Edey, Isabel Laurence, Davide Bianchi, Alfredo Addeo
OBJECTIVE: International and national recommendations for brain imaging in patients planned to undergo potentially curative resection of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are variably implemented throughout the United Kingdom [Hudson BJ, Crawford MB, and Curtin J et al (2015) Brain imaging in lung cancer patients without symptoms of brain metastases: a national survey of current practice in EnglandClin Radiol https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2015.02.007]. However, the recommendations are not based on high-quality evidence and do not take into account cost implications and local resources...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716352/fatal-and-non-fatal-injury-outcomes-results-from-a-purposively-sampled-census-of-seven-rural-subdistricts-in-bangladesh
#8
Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, Abu Talab, Qazi S Rahman, Akm Fazlur Rahman, Shams El Arifeen, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: 90% of the global burden of injuries is borne by low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, details of the injury burden in LMICs are less clear because of the scarcity of data and population-based studies. The Saving of Lives from Drowning project, implemented in rural Bangladesh, did a census on 1·2 million people to fill this gap. This Article describes the epidemiology of fatal and non-fatal injuries from the study. METHODS: In this study, we used data from the baseline census conducted as part of the Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) project...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715252/sorting-through-the-spheres-of-influence-using-modified-pile-sorting-to-describe-who-influences-dairy-farmers-decision-making-about-safety
#9
Casper Bendixsen, Kathrine Barnes, Burney Kieke, Danielle Schenk, Jessica Simich, Matthew Keifer
OBJECTIVES: The primary goal of this study was to describe the mutually perceived influence of bankers and insurers on their agricultural clients' decision-making regarding health and safety. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 dairy farmers, 11 agricultural bankers, and 10 agricultural insurers from central Wisconsin. Three of the interview questions involved pile-sorting. Pile-sorting included 5-point Likert-like scales to help participants sort through 32 index cards...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710966/intentions-to-quit-tobacco-smoking-in-14-low-and-middle-income-countries-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model
#10
Daniel Owusu, Megan Quinn, Ke-Sheng Wang, Jocelyn Aibangbee, Hadii M Mamudu
INTRODUCTION: Over 80% of the world's one billion tobacco smokers reside in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); therefore, it is important to understand factors that promote intention to quit smoking in these countries. This study evaluated factors associated with three stages of intention to quit tobacco smoking among adults in LMICs. METHODS: Data from 43,540 participants of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey in 14 LMICs were analyzed. Intentions to quit smoking were categorized into precontemplation (referent category), contemplation, and preparation stages based on the transtheoretical model...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710228/longitudinal-qualitative-study-describing-family-physicians-experiences-with-attempting-to-integrate-physical-activity-prescriptions-in-their-practice-it-s-not-easy-to-change-habits
#11
Mathieu Bélanger, Emily Wolfe Phillips, Connor O'Rielly, Bertin Mallet, Shane Aubé, Marylène Doucet, Jonathan Couturier, Maxime Mallet, Jessica Martin, Christine Gaudet, Nathalie Murphy, Jennifer Brunet
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) prescriptions provided by family physicians can promote PA participation among patients, but few physicians regularly write PA prescriptions. The objective of this study was to describe family physicians' experiences of trying to implement written PA prescriptions into their practice. DESIGN: Longitudinal qualitative study where participants were interviewed four times during a 12-month period. After the first interview, they were provided with PA prescription pads...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710210/being-normal-not-vulnerable-case-study-of-a-2-day-residential-programme-for-young-adults-with-cancer
#12
Ana Martins, Rachel M Taylor, Sue Morgan, Lorna A Fern
OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe the outcomes and facilitating processes of participation at 'Find Your Sense of Tumour' (FYSOT), a 2-day residential programme/conference for young people with cancer, from the perspective of professionals attending and patient representatives. DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: Observation of the 'Find Your Sense of Tumour' over 18s residential programme and face-to-face interviews in hospital and phone interviews...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705208/testing-feedback-message-framing-and-comparators-to-address-prescribing-of-high-risk-medications-in-nursing-homes-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-factorial-cluster-randomized-trial
#13
Noah M Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Justin Presseau, Catherine Reis, Holly O Witteman, Monica K Taljaard, Nicola McCleary, Kednapa Thavorn, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback (AF) interventions that leverage routine administrative data offer a scalable and relatively low-cost method to improve processes of care. AF interventions are usually designed to highlight discrepancies between desired and actual performance and to encourage recipients to act to address such discrepancies. Comparing to a regional average is a common approach, but more recipients would have a discrepancy if compared to a higher-than-average level of performance...
July 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704150/measurement-of-ph-exudate-composition-and-temperature-in-wound-healing-a-systematic-review
#14
G Power, Z Moore, T O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential of measurements of pH, exudate composition and temperature in wounds to predict healing outcomes and to identify the methods that are employed to measure them. METHOD: A systematic review based on the outcomes of a search strategy of quantitative primary research published in the English language was conducted. Inclusion criteria limited studies to those involving in vivo and human participants with an existing or intentionally provoked wound, defined as 'a break in the epithelial integrity of the skin', and excluded in vitro and animal studies...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701228/efficacy-of-umbilical-cord-cleansing-with-a-single-application-of-4-chlorhexidine-for-the-prevention-of-newborn-infections-in-uganda-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Victoria Nankabirwa, Thorkild Tylleskär, Josephine Tumuhamye, James K Tumwine, Grace Ndeezi, José C Martines, Halvor Sommerfelt
BACKGROUND: Yearly, nearly all the estimated worldwide 2.7 million neonatal deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Infections, including those affecting the umbilical cord (omphalitis), are a significant factor in approximately a third of these deaths. In fact, the odds of all-cause mortality are 46% higher among neonates with omphalitis than in those without. Five large randomized controlled trials in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have examined the effect of multiple cord stump applications with 4% chlorhexidine (CHX) for at least 7 days on the risk of omphalitis and neonatal death...
July 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696057/optimizing-the-chances-of-success-in-the-search-for-epigenetic-biomarkers-embracing-genetic-variation
#16
REVIEW
Robert Philibert, Stephen J Glatt
The emphasis on clinical translation in biomedical research continues to grow. This focus has been particularly notable in those investigators using epigenetic approaches to decipher the biology of complex behavioral disorders. As a result of these efforts, reproducible findings for several disorders, such as smoking, have been generated, giving rise to hopes that biomarkers for other behavioral illnesses would be forthcoming. Unfortunately, that biomedical cornucopia has not yet materialized. In this editorial, we review progress to date and discuss barriers to generating epigenetic biomarkers for complex behavioral disorders...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695775/a-qualitative-study-on-the-implementation-of-quality-systems-in-australian-hospitals
#17
Sandra G Leggat, Cathy Balding
Public hospitals are required to have quality systems in place to meet accreditation standards, achieve government performance expectations and continually improve care. However, previous study suggests that there has been limited success in the implementation of effective quality systems. Using document review, self-evaluation and qualitative data from interviews and focus groups of 270 board members, managers and staff we explored the implementation of quality systems in eight Australian public hospitals...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694123/pragmatic-trials-defining-questions-choosing-comparators-allocating-treatments
#18
Mira G Zuidgeest, Paco Welsing, Ghislaine van Thiel, Antonio Ciaglia, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Laurent Eckert, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Matthias Egger
Pragmatic trials may deliver real world evidence on the added value of new medications compared to usual care and inform decision making earlier in development. This 5(th) paper in a series on pragmatic trials in the Journal discusses usual care as a comparator and the allocation of treatment strategies. The allocation and implementation of treatment strategies should resemble clinical practice as closely as possible. Randomization at the level of the site, as opposed to at the individual level, may be preferred...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690890/development-and-validation-of-a-culturally-tailored-breast-cancer-health-education-programme-for-arab-women
#19
Esra Alkhasawneh, Yahya Al-Farsi, Fayez Al-Simadi, Michael Leocadio
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a health education programme to encourage breast cancer awareness and early detection behaviours among Arab women. METHODS: This study took place between December 2015 and March 2016. The Enabling Systems Raising Awareness model was used to develop a breast cancer health education programme which was subsequently implemented by trained health educators at three female-only fitness clubs in Muscat, Oman. Breast cancer knowledge among 53 women was assessed using the breast module of the Cancer Awareness Measure before and after each health education session...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688519/comparative-assessment-of-in-hospital-trauma-mortality-at-a-south-african-trauma-center-and-matched-patients-treated-in-the-united-states
#20
Richard T Spence, John W Scott, Adil Haider, Pradeep H Navsaria, Andrew J Nicol
BACKGROUND: The unacceptably high rate of death and disability due to injury in Sub-Saharan Africa is alarming. The objective of this work was to compare mortality rates between severely injured trauma patients at a high-volume trauma center in South Africa with matched patients in the United States. METHODS: Clinical databases from the Groote Schuur Hospital for patients treated in Cape Town, South Africa and the American College of Surgeon's National Trauma Databank for patients treated at large academic trauma centers in the United States were used...
July 5, 2017: Surgery
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