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Cardio-Renal syndrome

Jerrold B Leikin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Disease-a-month: DM
Akiomi Yoshihisa, Takamasa Sato, Katsuya Kajimoto, Naoki Sato, Yasuchika Takeishi
BACKGROUND: Although the obesity paradox may vary depending upon clinical background factors such as age, gender, aetiology of heart failure and comorbidities, the reasons underlying the heterogeneous impact of body mass index (BMI) on in-hospital cardiac mortality under various conditions in patients with acute heart failure syndromes (AHFSs) remain unclear. METHODS: Among 4617 hospitalised patients with AHFSs enrolled in the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Syndromes (ATTEND) registry, the patient characteristics and in-hospital cardiac mortality rates in those with low BMI (BMI <25 kg/m(2), n = 3263) were compared to those with high BMI (BMI ⩾25 kg/m(2), n = 1354)...
March 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Mario Naranjo, Edgar V Lerma, Janani Rangaswami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Disease-a-month: DM
Toru Miyoshi, Hiroshi Ito, Shigeo Horinaka, Kohji Shirai, Jitsuo Higaki, Hajime Orimio
INTRODUCTION: The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was developed in Japan and is a blood pressure-independent index of arterial stiffness from the origin of the aorta to the ankle. In recent years, it has been studied by many researchers worldwide, and it is strongly anticipated that it will play a role as a predictive factor for arteriosclerotic diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the benefits of using CAVI as a predictor of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients...
January 2017: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
Suresh H, Arun B S, Venkatesh Moger, Mallikarjuna Swamy
INTRODUCTION: The heart and the kidneys are tightly interlinked with each other. So, primary disorder of one of these organs often results in the secondary dysfunction of other. Such interactions play a vital role in the pathogenesis of a clinical entity called cardio-renal syndrome (CRS). CRS type 4 refers to the development of cardiac failure in the patients with CKD. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of various cardiac diseases in the patients with CKD and risk factors for it...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
A Gigante, F Di Mario, B Barbano, E Rosato, G Di Lazzaro Giraldi, R Pofi, M L Gasperini, D Amoroso, R Cianci, A Laviano
OBJECTIVE: Cardio-Renal Syndrome (CRS) is a condition, which is more frequently observed in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to explore nutritional status and intrarenal arterial stiffness in patients affected by CRS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 14 consecutive CRS patients, screened for anthropometry, biochemistry, nutritional and metabolic status underwent renal Doppler ultrasound and whole-body bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS). RESULTS: We found a positive correlation between phase angle (PA) and CKD-EPI and MDRD (p=0...
January 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Nadia Aspromonte, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Aldo Clerico, Giuseppe Di Tano, Michele Emdin, Mauro Feola, Massimo Iacoviello, Roberto Latini, Andrea Mortara, Roberto Valle, Gianfranco Misuraca, Claudio Passino, Serge Masson, Alberto Aimo, Marcello Ciaccio, Marco Migliardi
Biomarkers have dramatically impacted the way heart failure (HF) patients are evaluated and managed. A biomarker is a characteristic that is objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological or pathogenic processes, or pharmacological responses to a therapeutic intervention. Natriuretic peptides (B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP] and N-terminal proBNP) are the gold standard biomarkers in determining the diagnosis and prognosis of HF, and a natriuretic peptide-guided HF management looks promising...
September 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Mabel Aoun, Randa Tabbah
BACKGROUND: Cardio-Renal Syndromes were first classified in 2008 and divided into five subtypes. The type 1 Cardio-Renal Syndrome (CRS) is characterized by acute decompensation of heart failure leading to acute kidney injury (AKI). Bradyarrhythmia was not mentioned in the classification as a cause for low cardiac output (CO) in type 1 CRS. Besides, CRS was not previously associated with central nervous system (CNS) injury despite the fact that cardiac, renal and neurological diseases can coexist...
October 26, 2016: BMC Nephrology
Cinzia Ferreri, Marzia Testa, Laura Leto, Mauro Feola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Cinzia Ferreri, Marzia Testa, Laura Leto, Mauro Feola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Francesca Saccon, Mariele Gatto, Anna Ghirardello, Luca Iaccarino, Leonardo Punzi, Andrea Doria
Galectins are evolutionary conserved β-galactoside binding proteins with a carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD) of approximately 130 amino acids. In mammals, 15 members of the galectin family have been identified and classified into three subtypes according to CRD organization: prototype, tandem repeat-type and chimera-type galectins. Galectin-3 (gal-3) is the only chimera type galectin in vertebrates containing one CRD linked to an unusual long N-terminal domain which displays non-lectin dependent activities...
January 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
Silvia Lai, Mauro Ciccariello, Mira Dimko, Alessandro Galani, Silvio Lucci, Rosario Cianci, Amalia Mariotti
Bakground/Aims: Cardiovascular diseases represent the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with cronich kidney disease (CKD). The pathogenesis includes a complex, bidirectional interaction between heart and kidney termed cardiorenal syndrome type 4. The aim of study was to evaluate the association between renal and cardiovascular ultrasonographic parameters and identify early markers of cardiovascular risk. METHODS: A total of 35 patients with CKD and 25 healthy controls, were enrolled and we have evaluated inflammatory indexes, mineral metabolism, renal function, renal and cardiovascular ultrasonographic parameters...
2016: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Joseph Gnanaraj, Jai Radhakrishnan
Cardio-renal syndrome is a commonly encountered problem in clinical practice. Its pathogenesis is not fully understood. The purpose of this article is to highlight the interaction between the cardiovascular system and the renal system and how their interaction results in the complex syndrome of cardio-renal dysfunction. Additionally, we outline the available therapeutic strategies to manage this complex syndrome.
2016: F1000Research
Joerg C Schefold, Gerasimos Filippatos, Gerd Hasenfuss, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
Heart failure (HF) is a major health-care problem and the prognosis of affected patients is poor. HF often coexists with a number of comorbidities of which declining renal function is of particular importance. A loss of glomerular filtration rate, as in acute kidney injury (AKI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD), independently predicts mortality and accelerates the overall progression of cardiovascular disease and HF. Importantly, cardiac and renal diseases interact in a complex bidirectional and interdependent manner in both acute and chronic settings...
October 2016: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Nir Flint, Natalia Kaufman, Amir Gal-Oz, Gilad Margolis, Yan Topilsky, Gad Keren, Yacov Shacham
OBJECTIVE: Increased transmitral flow velocity (E) to the early mitral annulus velocity (e') ratio (E/e'), signifying increased cardiac filling pressure, was previously found to be associated with deterioration of renal function in patients with congestive heart failure. No study, however, included patients with acute myocardial ischemia. We hypothesized that elevated E/e' ratio would be associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
February 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Chet R Villa, Ahmad Kaddourah, Jacob Mathew, Thomas D Ryan, Brenda L Wong, Stuart L Goldstein, John L Jefferies
Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) develop dilated cardiomyopathy and are at risk for kidney injury. Creatinine based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is limited by low muscle mass with low serum creatinine levels in DMD. We assessed the relationship between cardiac function, modified Schwartz eGFR and cystatin C eGFR in patients with DMD. Ninety-three patients with DMD were screened for renal dysfunction in an outpatient neuromuscular clinic. Patients with new nephrotoxic medications, recent hospitalization or decompensated heart failure were excluded from the analysis...
October 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
M Bordicchia, M Ceresiani, M Pavani, R Sarzani
OBJECTIVE: Natriuretic peptides (NP), ANP and BNP, regulate not only the homeostasis of the cardiovascular system but also lipid metabolism in adipocytes by promoting lipolysis and thermogenesis. NP circulating levels and therefore their systemic effects are largely dependent on the expression ratio between NPRA (principal biologically active receptor) and NPRC (clearance receptor). Adipocytes affect NP levels and their cardio-renal effects through the expression of NPRC. AIM: To evaluate the role of insulin and ANP on lipolysis, looking for a common mechanism underlying the metabolic syndrome and hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Claire Mounier-Vehier, Anne-Laure Madika, Fanny Boudghène-Stambouli, Guillaume Ledieu, Pascal Delsart, Vassilis Tsatsaris
Preeclampsia is a specific risk factor chronic of hypertension, of coronary events (Ray et al., 2005), of stroke (Brown et al., 2006), of chronic renal failure (Kattah and Garovic, 2005; McDonald et al., 2003; Williams, 2003) and a specific risk factor of cardio-cerebrovascular mortality (Magnussen et al., 2009). According to Magnusson et al. (2009), the relative long-term risk of developing hypertension is multiplied by 4; the risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome multiplied by 3; the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke multiplied by 2...
July 2016: La Presse Médicale
L Bozzetto, G Annuzzi, M Ragucci, O Di Donato, G Della Pepa, G Della Corte, E Griffo, G Anniballi, A Giacco, M Mancini, A A Rivellese
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of the different factors associated with fatty liver is still poorly defined. We evaluated the relationships between liver fat content (LF) and metabolic, inflammatory and nutritional factors in a homogeneous cohort of individuals at high cardio-metabolic risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 70 individuals with high waist circumference and at least one more criterion for metabolic syndrome enrolled in a nutritional intervention study, LF was evaluated at baseline by hepatic/renal echo intensity ratio (H/R), together with dietary habits (7-day dietary record), insulin sensitivity and β-cell function (fasting and OGTT-derived indices), fasting and postprandial plasma GLP-1 and lipoproteins, and plasma inflammatory markers...
July 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
M Bordicchia, M Ceresiani, M Pavani, D Minardi, M Polito, M Wabitsch, V Cannone, J C Burnett, P Dessì-Fulgheri, R Sarzani
Cardiac natriuretic peptides (NP) are involved in cardiorenal regulation and in lipolysis. The NP activity is largely dependent on the ratio between the signaling receptor NPRA and the clearance receptor NPRC. Lipolysis increases when NPRC is reduced by starving or very-low-calorie diet. On the contrary, insulin is an antilipolytic hormone that increases sodium retention, suggesting a possible functional link with NP. We examined the insulin-mediated regulation of NP receptors in differentiated human adipocytes and tested the association of NP receptor expression in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) with metabolic profiles of patients undergoing renal surgery...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
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