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Psychology of dialysis patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902586/neurological-psychological-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-and-replacement-therapy
#1
Silvia Lai, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Roberto Romanello, Leonardo Davi, Alessia Zarabla, Amalia Mariotti, Maria Carta, Giorgia Tasso, Luca Poli, Anna Paola Mitterhofer, Massimo Testorio, Nicla Frassetti, Paola Aceto, Alessandro Galani, Carlo Lai
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in the world. Neurological, psychological, and cognitive disorders, related to CKD, could contribute to the morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the neurological, psychological, and cognitive imbalance in patients with CKD on conservative and replacement therapy.Seventy-four clinically stable patients affected by CKD on conservative therapy, replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD)), or with kidney transplantation (KT) and 25 healthy controls (HC), matched for age and sex were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886156/conformity-scores-differentiate-older-hemodialyzed-patients-and-patients-with-continuous-peritoneal-dialysis
#2
Zbigniew Nowak, Krzysztof Laudanski
BACKGROUND Conformity is a psychological variable related to the propensity of an individual to match his or her behavior and opinion to the perceived social and cultural norm, even if these do not represent the true beliefs of the person. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the psychological variable of conformity is different in two distinct modes of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 56 hemodialyzed patients (HD group), 45 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients (CAPD group) and 62 healthy volunteers (CONTR group) were enrolled in the study...
November 25, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859921/prevalence-and-impact-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-chinese-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-single-center-study
#3
Koon Ming Chan, Chi Yuen Cheung, Yiu Han Chan, Hoi Wong Chan, Wai Leung Chak, Ka Foon Chau
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are prevalent among patients with end stage renal failure. However, data concerning their role in the subsequent peritonitis and hospitalization was scarce. The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of psychological problems in our Chinese peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and its association with subsequent clinical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-center prospective cohort study. All patients newly started on PD between 1st Sep 2012 and 31st Dec 2014 were recruited...
November 17, 2016: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846784/emotional-management-and-biological-markers-of-dietetic-regimen-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#4
Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Luciani, Erika Fazzari, Valerio Cesari, Stella Luciano, Antonio Fortini, Desiderata Berloco, Francesco Canulla, Vincenzo Bruzzese, Silvia Lai
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between psychological characteristics and biological markers of adherence in chronic kidney disease patients receiving conservative therapy, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis (PD), or kidney transplantation. Seventy-nine adult patients were asked to complete the following questionnaires: Toronto Alexithymia scale, Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale, and Short Form Health Survey. Biological markers of adherence to treatment were measured. Peritoneal dialysis patients showed a lower capacity to feel pleasure from sensorial experience (p = ...
November 15, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835704/preliminary-identification-of-coping-profiles-relevant-to-surrogate-decision-making-in-the-icu
#5
Jorie M Butler, Eliotte L Hirshberg, Ramona O Hopkins, Emily L Wilson, James F Orme, Sarah J Beesley, Kathryn Kuttler, Samuel M Brown
OBJECTIVE: The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a stressful environment for families of critically ill patients and these individuals are at risk to develop persistent psychological morbidity. Our study objective was to identify individual differences in coping with stress and information presentation preferences of respondents exposed to a simulated ICU experience. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a university and two community populations. Participants completed questionnaires that measured demographic information and characteristics that may be relevant to an individual's ICU experience...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806549/the-effectiveness-of-teaching-cognitive-behavioral-techniques-in-enhancing-resilience-in-hemodialysis-patients
#6
Mohammad Mehrtak, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Abdollah Rajaee-Khiavi, Arezo Azari, Aziz Kamran
INTRODUCTION: Despite the positive effects of hemodialysis on end-stage renal disease, patients face many physical and psychological stressors while receiving this treatment. These physical and psycho-social problems lead to serious problems that ultimately affect the patients' quality of life. The present study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of teaching cognitive-behavioral techniques in enhancing resilience in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: The present clinical trial was conducted on 74 hemodialysis patients selected through census sampling from the dialysis department of Valiasr Hospital, Meshkin Shahr, Iran, in 2015...
August 26, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802084/experiences-and-needs-of-older-people-with-end-stage-renal-disease-bereaved-carers-perspective
#7
Wanicha Pungchompoo, Alison Richardson, Lucy A Brindle
BACKGROUND: There is a growing population of older patients with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) managed without dialysis in Thailand, and services have yet to be developed to specifically respond to the needs of this group. As a consequence this population are likely to have unmet needs with respect to health care and suffer from symptoms that could be better managed. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study explored experiences and health care needs during the last year of life among older people with ESRD, managed without dialysis, from the perspective of bereaved carers...
October 2, 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801685/dietary-protein-intake-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Gang Jee Ko, Yoshitsugu Obi, Amanda R Tortorici, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-protein intake may lead to increased intraglomerular pressure and glomerular hyperfiltration. This can cause damage to glomerular structure leading to or aggravating chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hence, a low-protein diet (LPD) of 0.6-0.8 g/kg/day is often recommended for the management of CKD. We reviewed the effect of protein intake on incidence and progression of CKD and the role of LPD in the CKD management. RECENT FINDINGS: Actual dietary protein consumption in CKD patients remains substantially higher than the recommendations for LPD...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742342/questionnaire-development-for-the-measurement-of-patients-attitudes-toward-renal-transplantation
#9
A Illés, B Nemes, L Zsom, S Kovács, A Bugán
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was the exploration of chronic renal insufficiency patients' attitudes toward treatment, various motifs underlying their acceptance or refusal of kidney therapy, and understanding of their psychologic content. Examinations were carried out of chronic renal insufficiency patients' attitudes toward renal treatments, and a questionnaire suitable for its assessment was developed. METHODS: Suppositions of patients before and after renal transplantation were explored by means of semistructured interviews...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683959/multifaceted-assessment-of-health-literacy-in-people-receiving-dialysis-associations-with-psychological-stress-and-quality-of-life
#10
Sarity Dodson, Tanya Osicka, Louis Huang, Lawrence P McMahon, Matthew A Roberts
Health literacy (HL) refers to a person's ability to engage effectively with health information and services. We aimed to describe the HL of people receiving dialysis and the factors associated with it. A cross-sectional design was used, with demographic and clinical data as predictors. Participants were people receiving dialysis at a metropolitan health service in Melbourne, Australia. Health consumers with conditions not requiring dialysis were included for comparison. The Health Literacy Questionnaire, Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 were administered...
2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663114/examining-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-haemodialysis-a-feasibility-open-trial
#11
Ramony Chan, Blake F Dear, Nick Titov, Josephine Chow, Michael Suranyi
OBJECTIVE: Treating depression among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is imperative because of its high prevalence and health-related costs. However, many patients with CKD experience significant barriers to effective face-to-face psychological treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) may help overcome the treatment barriers. The aim of the present study was to explore the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of iCBT for depression and anxiety among patients with CKD on haemodialysis...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612446/design-and-protocol-for-the-dialysis-optimal-health-program-dohp-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Simon R Knowles, Chantal F Ski, Robyn Langham, Emmet O'Flaherty, David R Thompson, Susan L Rossell, Gaye Moore, Ya-Seng Arthur Hsueh, David J Castle
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) are serious and growing health problems with enormous impact on psychological and social functioning. Despite high rates of comorbid depression and anxiety in these patient populations, and the adverse impact these have upon treatment adherence, quality of life, social connectedness and healthcare costs there has been little attention focused on the prevention or management of these problems. Thus, our aim was to evaluate the Dialysis Optimal Health Program (DOHP) that adopts a person-centred approach and engages collaborative therapy to educate and support those diagnosed with ESKD who are commencing dialysis...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604248/the-influence-of-different-dialysis-modalities-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
Ya-Fang Ho, I-Chuan Li
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to generate evidence regarding the relationships of different dialysis modalities with HR-QOL. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted to investigate the HR-QOL of patients treated with different dialysis modalities. METHODS: A literature search was conducted for English language articles in the CINAHL, Medline and PubMed databases published from January 1990 through May 2016. Specifically, we sought articles that would compare the HR-QOL of hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in terms of physiological, psychological and social functioning, as well as disease symptoms...
December 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550710/type-d-personality-illness-perception-social-support-and-quality-of-life-in-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#14
Jianying Li, Xiaofeng Wu, Jianxiong Lin, Dongmei Zou, Xiao Yang, Shouzhen Cheng, Qunying Guo
The previous studies reported Type D was associated with poor quality of life (QoL), increased psychological distress, and impaired health status in cardiac patients. The aim of this study is to assess the relationships among Type D personality, illness perception, social support, and investigate the impact of Type D personality on QoL in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Type D personality was assessed by the Chinese 14-item Type D Personality Scale (DS14). Illness perceptions were assessed using the Chinese version of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (B-IPQ)...
February 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545627/sagliker-syndrome-first-four-cases-in-bulgaria
#15
R Cholakova, Petia Pechalova, E Kapon
UNLABELLED: Sagliker syndrome characterized with uglifying the appearance of the face due to secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic renal failure receiving dialysis long time ago. The aim of the study was to identify any patients with Sagliker syndrome among the 78 patients receiving dialysis at the Dialysis ward, University Hospital "St. George", Plovdiv, Bulgaria. RESULTS: Four patients metthe criteria for Sagliker syndrome: chronic renal insufficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, short stature, severe changes in the skull and jaw that lead to festoon-like uglifying face, dental abnormalities, "brown" tumors, deformations of the phalanges of the fingers, psychological diseases and depression...
July 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510453/supportive-care-comprehensive-conservative-care-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#16
Fliss E M Murtagh, Aine Burns, Olivier Moranne, Rachael L Morton, Saraladevi Naicker
Comprehensive conservative (nondialytic) kidney care is widely recognized and delivered but until recently, has not been clearly defined. We provide a clear definition of comprehensive conservative care. This includes interventions to delay progression of kidney disease and minimize complications as well as detailed communication, shared decision making, advance care planning, and psychologic and family support. It does not include dialysis. Limited epidemiologic evidence from Australia and Canada indicates that, for every new person diagnosed with ESRD who receives dialysis or transplant, there is one new person who is managed conservatively (either actively or not)...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496438/psychological-well-being-in-patients-after-preemptive-kidney-transplantation
#17
B Bzoma, A Walerzak, A Dębska-Ślizień, D Zadrożny, Z Śledziński, B Rutkowski
BACKGROUND: Preemptive kidney transplantation (PKT) is associated with improved patient and graft survival as compared with transplantation in previously dialyzed patients. Complications related to dialysis are avoided in preemptively transplanted patients. Psychological functioning of those patients is still under investigation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the acceptance of illness, satisfaction of life, and anxiety in patients preemptively transplanted (PET) and transplanted after dialysis (PTD)...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458126/improving-distress-in-dialysis-idid-a-tailored-cbt-self-management-treatment-for-patients-undergoing-dialysis
#18
Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, David Game, Amy Carroll, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: There is significant psychological distress in adults with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). However, psychological treatments tailored to address the unique challenges of kidney failure are absent. We identified psychological correlates of distress in ESKD to develop a cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) treatment protocol that integrates the mental health needs of patients alongside their illness self-management demands. METHODS: Studies which examined relationships between distress and psychological factors that apply in the context of ESKD including: health threats, cognitive illness representations and illness management behaviours were narratively reviewed...
December 2016: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391406/protocol-of-a-mixed-method-randomized-controlled-study-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-to-reduce-fatigue-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-esrd
#19
Wieke E van der Borg, Karen Schipper, Tineke A Abma
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) commonly suffer from severe fatigue, which strongly impacts their quality of life (QoL). Although fatigue is often attributed to disease- and treatment characteristics, research also shows that behavioural, psychological and social factors affect perceived fatigue in dialysis patients. Whereas studies on fatigue in other chronic patient groups suggest that psychological or psychosocial interventions are effective in reducing fatigue, such interventions are not yet available for ESRD patients on dialysis treatment...
2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329681/influence-of-religiosity-and-spiritual-coping-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-saudi-haemodialysis-patients
#20
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Paolo C Colet, Nahed Alquwez, Ergie P Inocian, Raid Salman Al-Otaibi, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam
Introduction Patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD) are frequently troubled by psychiatric disorders and coping problems, which can pose a serious threat to their physical and mental well-being. Using religious and spiritual interventions as a means of coping with physical and mental challenges is widely recognized. Although this topic has been well studied, in the Middle East regions, where Islam is the dominant religion, studies are limited. Thus, this study was performed to explore the influence of religiosity and spiritual coping (SC) on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of Saudi patients receiving HD...
June 21, 2016: Hemodialysis International
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