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C Li, Y L Zhu, Q Li, D S Li, G B Yang
Objectives: To explore the expression of micro RNA-24-3p (miR-24-3p) in different gastric mucosa lesions, and analyze the potential correlation between Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection and miR-24-3p expression in different gastric lesions. Methods: 158 gastric biopsy specimens were divided into four groups, including 35 chronic superficial gastritis (CSG) samples, 43 chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) samples, 41 intestinal metaplasia (IM) samples and 39 dysplasia (Dys) samples. Those samples were collected from patients undergoing gastroscopy at the Department of Gastroenterology, Aerospace Center Hospital, from September 2005 to June 2012...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Chinthaka P Gooneratne, Bodong Li, Timothy E Moellendick
In this paper we present a review of the application of two types of magnetic sensors-fluxgate magnetometers and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) sensors-in the oil/gas industry. These magnetic sensors play a critical role in drilling wells safely, accurately and efficiently into a target reservoir zone by providing directional data of the well and acquiring information about the surrounding geological formations. Research into magnetic sensors for oil/gas drilling has not been explored by researchers to the same extent as other applications, such as biomedical, magnetic storage and automotive/aerospace applications...
October 19, 2017: Sensors
Peter Schemmel, Andrew J Moore
We performed proof of concept experiments to demonstrate that the reflected power of GHz illumination from the surface of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites is linearly related to the stress in the material. We introduce a stress coefficient to describe the change in normalized power with applied stress, analogous to the stress-optic coefficient, because the effect is attributed to changes in the refractive index of the effective medium comprising the polymer matrix and carbon fibers. Stress coefficients of -0...
August 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Zhigang Li, Xiaoxu Wang, Yuquan Zheng, Futian Li
High-accuracy absolute detector-based spectroradiometric calibration techniques traceable to cryogenic absolute radiometers have made progress rapidly in recent decades under the impetus of atmospheric quantitative spectral remote sensing. A high brightness spectrally tunable radiant source using a supercontinuum fiber laser and a digital micromirror device (DMD) has been developed to meet demands of spectroradiometric calibrations for ground-based, aeronautics-based, and aerospace-based remote sensing instruments and spectral simulations of natural scenes such as the sun and atmosphere...
June 10, 2017: Applied Optics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Mei-Yan Xu, Bing Cao, Bao-Shi Yuan, Jian Yin, Lan Liu, Qing-Bin Lu
The role of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in haematological system diseases is not well understood. We conducted this retrospective study to explore the association between H. pylori infection and anaemia in the Chinese population. This retrospective study was performed in Aerospace Center Hospital in Beijing. We derived the data from the registration system of the physical population between 2012-2016. Logistic regression models were used to explore the association between H. pylori infection and anaemia...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xing Lu, Shuangyou Zhang, Xing Chen, Dohyeon Kwon, Chan-Gi Jeon, Zhigang Zhang, Jungwon Kim, Kebin Shi
Ultrahigh-resolution optical strain sensors provide powerful tools in various scientific and engineering fields, ranging from long-baseline interferometers to civil and aerospace industries. Here we demonstrate an ultrahigh-resolution fibre strain sensing method by directly detecting the time-of-flight (TOF) change of the optical pulse train generated from a free-running passively mode-locked laser (MLL) frequency comb. We achieved a local strain resolution of 18 pε/Hz(1/2) and 1.9 pε/Hz(1/2) at 1 Hz and 3 kHz, respectively, with large dynamic range of >154 dB at 3 kHz...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Niuzi Xue, Qinyi Zhang, Shunping Zhang, Pan Zong, Feng Yang
It is important to improve the sensitivities and selectivities of metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) gas sensors when they are used to monitor the state of hydrogen in aerospace industry and electronic field. In this paper, the ordered mesoporous SnO₂ (m-SnO₂) powders were prepared by sol-gel method, and the morphology and structure were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET). The gas sensors were fabricated using m-SnO₂ as the modified layers on the surface of commercial SnO₂ (c-SnO₂) by screen printing technology, and tested for gas sensing towards ethanol, benzene and hydrogen with operating temperatures ranging from 200 °C to 400 °C...
October 14, 2017: Sensors
M Hirsch, S Catchpole-Smith, R Patel, P Marrow, Wenqi Li, C Tuck, S D Sharples, A T Clare
Developments in additive manufacturing technology are serving to expand the potential applications. Critical developments are required in the supporting areas of measurement and in process inspection to achieve this. CM247LC is a nickel superalloy that is of interest for use in aerospace and civil power plants. However, it is difficult to process via selective laser melting (SLM) as it suffers from cracking during rapid cooling and solidification. This limits the viability of CM247LC parts created using SLM...
September 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Eugenio Marino Merlo, Andrea Bulletti, Pietro Giannelli, Marco Calzolai, Lorenzo Capineri
Composite material structures are commonly used in many industrial sectors (aerospace, automotive, transportation), and can operate in harsh environments where impacts with other parts or debris may cause critical safety and functionality issues. This work presents a method for improving the accuracy of impact position determination using acoustic source triangulation schemes based on the data collected by piezoelectric sensors attached to the structure. A novel approach is used to estimate the Differential Time-of-Arrival (DToA) between the impact response signals collected by a triplet of sensors, overcoming the limitations of classical methods that rely on amplitude thresholds calibrated for a specific sensor type...
October 3, 2017: Sensors
Mehmet Cihat Ozgenel
Permanent magnet brushless dc (BLDC) motors are very convenient for many applications such as industrial, medical, robotic, aerospace, small electric vehicles, and home applications because of their inherent satisfying dynamic characteristics. There are numerous studies about these motors and their control schemes such as sensorless control and different speed and torque control schemes. All electric motors need commutation in order to produce speed and torque. Commutation in brushed DC motors is performed by means of a brush and collector...
September 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Arpith Siddaiah, Zulfiqar Ahmad Khan, Rahul Ramachandran, Pradeep L Menezes
Oils and lubricants, once extracted after use from a mechanical system, can hardly be reused, and should be refurbished or replaced in most applications. New methods of in situ oil and lubricant efficiency monitoring systems have been introduced for a wide variety of mechanical systems, such as automobiles, aerospace aircrafts, ships, offshore wind turbines, and deep sea oil drilling rigs. These methods utilize electronic sensors to monitor the "byproduct effects" in a mechanical system that are not indicative of the actual remaining lifecycle and reliability of the oils...
September 28, 2017: Materials
Biruk B Seyoum, Maurizio Rossi, Davide Brunelli
Thermoelectric generators (TEGs) are now capable of powering the abundant low power electronics from very small (just a few degrees Celsius) temperature gradients. This factor along with the continuously lowering cost and size of TEGs, has contributed to the growing number of miniaturized battery-free sensor modules powered by TEGs. In this article, we present the design of an ambient-powered wireless bolt for high-end electro-mechanical systems. The bolt is equipped with a temperature sensor and a low power RF chip powered from a TEG...
September 26, 2017: Sensors
Ankita Hazarika, Biplab K Deka, DoYoung Kim, Hyung Doh Roh, Young-Bin Park, Hyung Wook Park
Well-aligned NiCo2S4 nanowires, synthesized hydrothermally on the surface of woven Kevlar fiber (WKF), were used to fabricate composites with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) dispersed in polyester resin (PES) by means of vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding. The NiCo2S4 nanowires were synthesized with three precursor concentrations. Nanowire growth was characterized using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Hierarchical and high growth density of the nanowires led to exceptional mechanical properties of the composites...
October 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Gerd Dibowski, Kai Esser
BACKGROUND: Solar furnaces are used worldwide to conduct experiments to demonstrate the feasibility of solar-chemical processes with the aid of concentrated sunlight, or to qualify high temperature-resistant components. In recent years, high-flux solar simulators (HFSSs) based on short-arc xenon lamps are more frequently used. The emitted spectrum is very similar to natural sunlight but with dangerous portions of ultraviolet light as well. Due to special benefits of solar simulators the increase of construction activity for HFSS can be observed worldwide...
September 2017: Safety and Health At Work
Dmitri E Tsentalovich, Robert J Headrick, Francesca Mirri, Junli Hao, Natnael Behabtu, Colin C Young, Matteo Pasquali
We study how intrinsic parameters of carbon nanotube (CNT) samples affect the properties of macroscopic CNT fibers with optimized structure. We measure CNT diameter, number of walls, aspect ratio, graphitic character, and purity (residual catalyst and non-CNT carbon) in samples from 19 suppliers; we process the highest quality CNT samples into aligned, densely packed fibers, by using an established wet-spinning solution process. We find that fiber properties are mainly controlled by CNT aspect ratio and that sample purity is important for effective spinning...
October 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
H Reed, Cara A C Leckey, A Dick, G Harvey, J Dobson
Ultrasonic damage detection and characterization is commonly used in nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of aerospace composite components. In recent years there has been an increased development of guided wave based methods. In real materials and structures, these dispersive waves result in complicated behavior in the presence of complex damage scenarios. Model-based characterization methods utilize accurate three dimensional finite element models (FEMs) of guided wave interaction with realistic damage scenarios to aid in defect identification and classification...
September 5, 2017: Ultrasonics
John H Martin, Brennan D Yahata, Jacob M Hundley, Justin A Mayer, Tobias A Schaedler, Tresa M Pollock
Metal-based additive manufacturing, or three-dimensional (3D) printing, is a potentially disruptive technology across multiple industries, including the aerospace, biomedical and automotive industries. Building up metal components layer by layer increases design freedom and manufacturing flexibility, thereby enabling complex geometries, increased product customization and shorter time to market, while eliminating traditional economy-of-scale constraints. However, currently only a few alloys, the most relevant being AlSi10Mg, TiAl6V4, CoCr and Inconel 718, can be reliably printed; the vast majority of the more than 5,500 alloys in use today cannot be additively manufactured because the melting and solidification dynamics during the printing process lead to intolerable microstructures with large columnar grains and periodic cracks...
September 20, 2017: Nature
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Meryem Zerrik, Houda Echchachoui, Zakaria Iloughmane, Choukri El'mhadi, Salaheddine Elkhader, Laila Benaissa, Mohamed Chemsi
BACKGROUND: ''Cannon ball'' opacities on chest X-rays are a common manifestation of hematogenous dissemination of a malignant tumor in the lungs. They indicate an advanced stage of disease with a very grim prognosis in terms of cure and survival. In aerospace medicine, this aspect means the patient is unfit for flight duties. Nonmetastatic etiologies of pulmonary nodules are rare. We report a case of cannon ball opacities discovered fortuitously during an admission visit. CASE REPORT: A 23-yr-old flight attendant candidate came to the Aeromedical Expertise Center of the Military Hospital in Rabat for medical evaluation...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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