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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042299/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-spasticity-in-adults-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Djamel Bensmail, Alain Yelnik
OBJECTIVES: Spasticity causes significant long-term disability-burden, requiring comprehensive management. This review evaluates evidence from published systematic reviews of clinical trials for effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for improved spasticity outcomes. METHODS: Data sources: A literature search was conducted using medical and health science electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library) databases for published systematic reviews up to 15(th) June 2017...
October 14, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031256/formic-acid-aggregation-in-2d-supersonic-expansions-probed-by-ftir-imaging
#2
Katharina A E Meyer, Martin A Suhm
C=O stretching vibrations of formic acid trimers are assigned on the basis of FTIR and Raman jet spectroscopy and further validated by an FTIR imaging study based on their aggregation behavior in supersonic expansions. The effect of shock waves on cluster formation and decomposition is probed by shifting them into the field of view of the focal plane array detector. A double slit nozzle is presented that merges two supersonic jets for a more localized study of such shock waves.
October 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029857/the-clinical-utility-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-for-burn-pruritus-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-study
#3
So Young Joo, Yoon Soo Cho, Cheong Hoon Seo
PURPOSES: To investigate the effect and mechanisms of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on burn scar pruritus. METHODS: Forty-six patients participated (experimental group, n=23; sham stimulation group, n=23). Patients had complaints of severe pruritus ranging from 5 to 10 on the visual analog scale. The experimental group received 1000-2000 shock waves for each treatment with 100 impulses/cm(2), each with low-energy flux density (0.05-0.20mJ/mm(2)) and a 1-week interval between treatments for 3 weeks...
October 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027695/shear-wave-elastographic-alterations-in-the-kidney-after-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy
#4
Rustu Turkay, Ercan Inci, Derya Bas, Arda Atar
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a method used frequently for the treatment of renal stone disease. Although its safety is proven, there are still concerns about its unwanted effects on kidneys. In this prospective study, we aimed to evaluate renal tissue alterations with shear wave elastography (SWE) after ESWL. We also studied the correlation between SWE and resistive index (RI) changes. METHODS: The study included 59 patients who underwent ESWL treatment for renal stone disease...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016764/development-of-a-novel-shock-wave-catheter-ablation-system-a-validation-study-in-pigs-in-vivo
#5
Michinori Hirano, Hiroaki Yamamoto, Yuhi Hasebe, Koji Fukuda, Susumu Morosawa, Hirokazu Amamizu, Kazuma Ohyama, Hironori Uzuka, Kazuyoshi Takayama, Hiroaki Shimokawa
Aims: Although the radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is widely used for the treatment of tachyarrhythmias, it has three fundamental weaknesses as a thermal ablation system, including a limited lesion depth, myoendocardial injury linking to thromboembolism, and prolonged inflammation followed by subsequent recurrences. In order to overcome these limitations, we have been developing a shock wave (SW) catheter ablation (SWCA) system as a novel non-thermal therapy. In the present study, we validated our new SWCA system with increased SW intensity...
August 2, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994788/evaluating-primary-blast-effects-in-vitro
#6
Niall J Logan, Hari Arora, Claire A Higgins
Exposure to blast events can cause severe trauma to vital organs such as the lungs, ears, and brain. Understanding the mechanisms behind such blast-induced injuries is of great importance considering the recent trend towards the use of explosives in modern warfare and terrorist-related incidents. To fully understand blast-induced injury, we must first be able to replicate such blast events in a controlled environment using a reproducible method. In this technique using shock tube equipment, shock waves at a range of pressures can be propagated over live cells grown in 2D, and markers of cell viability can be immediately analyzed using a redox indicator assay and the fluorescent imaging of live and dead cells...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992843/-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy
#7
EDITORIAL
Lotte Hasselbalch, Per Hölmich
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has shown promising results in treating epicondylitis lateralis humeri and fasciitis plantaris. This study investigates whether the evidence supports ESWT as part of the conservative treatment regime of chronic Achilles tendinopathy. The differences in diagnosing chronic Achilles tendinopathy, the use of different ESWT-machines and the difference in the evaluating methods for pain make it difficult to compare the studies. There is, however, a clear tendency toward ESWT having a positive treatment effect on chronic Achilles tendinopathy at both the insertion and the mid-portion...
October 2, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983512/gentle-reenergization-of-electrons-in-merging-galaxy-clusters
#8
Francesco de Gasperin, Huib T Intema, Timothy W Shimwell, Gianfranco Brunetti, Marcus Brüggen, Torsten A Enßlin, Reinout J van Weeren, Annalisa Bonafede, Huub J A Röttgering
Galaxy clusters are the most massive constituents of the large-scale structure of the universe. Although the hot thermal gas that pervades galaxy clusters is relatively well understood through observations with x-ray satellites, our understanding of the nonthermal part of the intracluster medium (ICM) remains incomplete. With Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR) and Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) observations, we have identified a phenomenon that can be unveiled only at extremely low radio frequencies and offers new insights into the nonthermal component...
October 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981230/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-nephrolithiasis-and-prevention-of-recurrences
#9
I Simon, F Legrand, J M Des Grottes, F Cotton, J Nortier, T Roumeguère
despite fluctuations, the prevalence of nephrolithiasis has significantly increased during the last decades in industrialized nations worldwide (1 to 15 %), which has a significant impact on the cost of healthcare. This increased prevalence is mainly explained by diet modifications. Environmental, metabolic and genetic factors may also influence the formation of kidney stones. As a consequence, the medical management of this disease is preferentially multidisciplinary and involves urologists, nephrologists, radiologists, biologists and dietitians...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980027/-insertional-achilles-tendinopathy-differentiated-diagnostics-and-therapy
#10
REVIEW
S F Baumbach, M Braunstein, M G Mack, F Maßen, W Böcker, S Polzer, H Polzer
Achilles tendinopathy at the calcaneal insertion is classified into insertional tendinopathy, retrocalcaneal and superficial bursitis. The aim of this study was to present the current evidence on conservative and surgical treatment of insertional tendinopathy of the Achilles tendon. Conservative first-line therapy includes reduction of activity levels, administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), adaptation of footwear, heel wedges and orthoses or immobilization. In addition, further conservative therapy options are also available...
October 4, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976346/-analysis-of-success-predictive-factors-in-the-treatment-of-urinary-lithiasis-by-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-patient-optimization-eswl-score
#11
Pablo Garrido-Abad, Miguel Ángel Rodríguez-Cabello, Arturo Platas-Sancho
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) represents one of the most frequently used methods to treat urinary tract calculi. However, sometimes we do not obtain the fragmentation expected. The aim of this study is to evaluate the parameters that may influence ESWL final results, developing a classification for better patient's selection and outcome optimization. METHODS: 270 patients with renal or ureteral stones were retrospectively reviewed after ESWL treatment, recording both clinical parameters (age, sex, location, laterality, body mass index [BMI]), and CT-Scan parameters (stone size and volume, skin-to-stone distance (SSD), mean and maximal stone density)...
October 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974205/methods-for-genetic-transformation-of-filamentous-fungi
#12
REVIEW
Dandan Li, Yu Tang, Jun Lin, Weiwen Cai
Filamentous fungi have been of great interest because of their excellent ability as cell factories to manufacture useful products for human beings. The development of genetic transformation techniques is a precondition that enables scientists to target and modify genes efficiently and may reveal the function of target genes. The method to deliver foreign nucleic acid into cells is the sticking point for fungal genome modification. Up to date, there are some general methods of genetic transformation for fungi, including protoplast-mediated transformation, Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, electroporation, biolistic method and shock-wave-mediated transformation...
October 3, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971042/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-versus-trigger-point-injection-in-the-treatment-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-in-the-quadratus-lumborum
#13
Jin Oh Hong, Joon Sang Park, Dae Geun Jeon, Wang Hyeon Yoon, Jung Hyun Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and trigger point injection (TPI) for the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome in the quadratus lumborum. METHODS: In a retrospective study at our institute, 30 patients with myofascial pain syndrome in the quadratus lumborum were assigned to ESWT or TPI groups. We assessed ESWT and TPI treatment according to their affects on pain relief and disability improvement. The outcome measures for the pain assessment were a visual analogue scale score and pain pressure threshold...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971038/effective-site-for-the-application-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-spasticity-in-chronic-stroke-muscle-belly-or-myotendinous-junction
#14
Sang Ho Yoon, Min Kyung Shin, Eun Jung Choi, Hyo Jung Kang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT) applied at the muscle belly and myotendinous junction on spasticity in the upper and lower limbs of chronic stroke patients. METHODS: Of the 151 patients, a total of 80 patients with stroke-induced spasticity on the elbow flexor and 44 patients on the knee flexor were enrolled for a prospective, randomized clinical trial. The patients were divided into control, muscle belly, and myotendinous junction groups, and a total of three ESWT sessions (0...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968428/evaluation-of-hemostasis-parameters-and-the-role-of-the-oxidative-damage-to-plasma-proteins-in-the-modulation-of-hemostasis-in-patients-with-nephrolithiasis-before-and-after-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy
#15
Paweł Woźniak, Bogdan Kontek, Waldemar Różański, Beata Olas
PURPOSE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a commonly-used method in urology, which may modulate hemostasis and may induce lipid peroxidation in patients with nephrolithiasis. However, previous studies only examine changes occurring in patients 30-240 min after ESWL. The main aim of the present study was to determine whether oxidative stress may modulate the hemostatic activity of plasma in patients with nephrolithiasis before ESWL and the day after treatment ESWL. This will be performed by measuring selected parameters of hemostasis in these patients, both before ESWL and the following day, and assessing the level of oxidative damage to plasma proteins in these patients by measuring two biomarkers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962876/low-intensity-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-for-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Libo Man, Guizhong Li
OBJECTIVE: To use systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of low-energy extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT) for erectile dysfunction (ED) was undertaken with a meta-analysis to identify the efficacy of the treatment modality. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the PubMed, Cochrane Register and Embase databases to March 2017 was performed for randomized controlled trials reporting on patients with ED treated with LI- ESWT. The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and the Erection Hardness Score (EHS) were the most commonly used tools to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of LI-ESWT...
September 26, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961605/radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-an-individual-with-primary-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Dai Zhang, Ying Meng, Hong Hai, Xiao Tong Yu, Yue Wen Ma
A patient with primary trigeminal neuralgia exhibited pain relief without medication after radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy. The 52-yr-old woman had a 3-yr history of primary trigeminal neuralgia, involving the right maxillary division (V2) and the mandibular division (V3). She became refractory to carbamazepine and exhibited hepatic dysfunction. She hence received 3000 to 6000 impulses of craniofacial radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy to the region centered on the surface projection of the trigeminal ganglion and pain areas at 10 Hz; the intensity ranged from 1...
September 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958137/short-term-effect-of-shockwave-therapy-temperature-controlled-high-energy-adjustable-multi-mode-emission-laser-or-stretching-in-dupuytren%C3%A2-s-disease-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, F Rifino, V Pesce, M F Gallone, I Covelli, B Moretti
Dupuytren’s disease is a debilitating disease of the hand characterized by nodules on the surface of the palm with progressive loss of finger extension. The chosen forms of treatment are infiltrative and surgical. Conservative treatment could be useful but few studies have been carried out and these regarded mainly stretching exercises and thermo-therapy. To date, no study has analyzed the effects of biostimulation with shock-waves (SW) and high energy laser therapy [Temperature controlled High Energy Adjustable multi-mode emission Laser (THEAL)]...
July 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957241/spectral-broadening-of-picosecond-pulses-forming-dispersive-shock-waves-in-optical-fibers
#19
A Parriaux, M Conforti, A Bendahmane, J Fatome, C Finot, S Trillo, N Picqué, G Millot
We investigate analytically, numerically, and experimentally the spectral broadening of pulses that undergo the formation of dispersive shocks, addressing in particular pulses in the range of tens of ps generated via electro-optic modulation of a continuous-wave laser. We give an analytical estimate of the maximal spectral extension and show that super-Gaussian waveforms favor the generation of flat-topped spectra. We also show that the weak residual background of the modulator produces undesired spectral ripples...
August 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956841/on-the-material-characterisation-of-wind-turbine-blade-coatings-the-effect-of-interphase-coating-laminate-adhesion-on-rain-erosion-performance
#20
Enrique Cortés, Fernando Sánchez, Anthony O'Carroll, Borja Madramany, Mark Hardiman, Trevor M Young
Rain erosion damage, caused by repeated droplet impact on wind turbine blades, is a major cause for concern, even more so at offshore locations with larger blades and higher tip speeds. Due to the negative economic influence of blade erosion, all wind turbine Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) are actively seeking solutions. In most cases, since the surface coating plays a decisive role in the blade manufacture and overall performance, it has been identified as an area where a solution may be obtained...
September 28, 2017: Materials
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