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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097958/unresolved-congenital-torticollis-and-its-consequences-a-report-of-2-cases
#1
Mette Hobaek Siegenthaler
Objective: The purpose of this report was to describe the clinical presentation and case management of 2 children with congenital torticollis. Clinical Features: Two male children (ages 6 and 10 years) presented to a chiropractic clinic with a history of congenital torticollis. They showed signs and symptoms of postural deficiency and developmental delay: posterior plagiocephaly, facial scoliosis, head tilt, compensatory thoracic scoliosis, decreased range of motion in the cervical spine, palpable decreased segmental motion of the upper cervical spine, and an age-related delay in throwing and catching a ball and in one-leg standing...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097954/redundant-nerve-root-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lumbar-degenerative-canal-stenosis
#2
Federico E Villafañe, Allison Harvey, Norman Kettner
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the diagnostic imaging features of redundant nerve roots caused by chronic lumbar degenerative canal stenosis (CLDCS). Clinical Features: A 56-year-old male presented with severe low back pain. He experienced pain during minimal active lumbar range of motion. The patient demonstrated weakness of the right iliopsoas and hypoesthesia of the L-2 dermatome. A working diagnosis of CLDCS was established. The patient's worsening severe low back pain warranted magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine, which was performed for further evaluation...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924697/chiropractic-spinal-manipulation-and-the-risk-for-acute-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-belief-elicitation-study
#3
Cesar A Hincapié, J David Cassidy, Pierre Côté, Y Raja Rampersaud, Alejandro R Jadad, George A Tomlinson
PURPOSE: Chiropractic spinal manipulation treatment (SMT) is common for back pain and has been reported to increase the risk for lumbar disc herniation (LDH), but there is no high quality evidence about this. In the absence of good evidence, clinicians can have knowledge and beliefs about the risk. Our purpose was to determine clinicians' beliefs regarding the risk for acute LDH associated with chiropractic SMT. METHODS: Using a belief elicitation design, 47 clinicians (16 chiropractors, 15 family physicians and 16 spine surgeons) that treat patients with back pain from primary and tertiary care practices were interviewed...
September 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912629/spinal-manipulation-does-not-affect-pressure-pain-thresholds-in-the-absence-of-neuromodulators-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Max K Jordon, Paul F Beattie, Sarah D'Urso, Sarah Scriven
BACKGROUND: Measurement of pressure pain threshold (PPT) is a way to determine one of the many potential treatment effects of spinal manipulative therapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine how multiple spinal manipulations administered in a single-session affected PPTs at local and distal sites in asymptomatic individuals. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned into one of three groups: Group one (n = 18) received a lumbar manipulation followed by a cervical manipulation...
September 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900571/cavitation-sounds-during-cervicothoracic-spinal-manipulation
#5
James Dunning, Firas Mourad, Andrea Zingoni, Raffaele Iorio, Thomas Perreault, Noah Zacharko, César Fernández de Las Peñas, Raymond Butts, Joshua A Cleland
BACKGROUND: No study has previously investigated the side, duration or number of audible cavitation sounds during high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) thrust manipulation to the cervicothoracic spine. PURPOSE: The primary purpose was to determine which side of the spine cavitates during cervicothoracic junction (CTJ) HVLA thrust manipulation. Secondary aims were to calculate the average number of cavitations, the duration of cervicothoracic thrust manipulation, and the duration of a single cavitation...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878486/treating-slouchy-hyperkyphosis-posture-with-chiropractic-biophysics-%C3%A2-a-case-report-utilizing-a-multimodal-mirror-image-%C3%A2-rehabilitation-program
#6
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of the non-surgical reduction of 'slouchy' hyperkyphosis posture utilizing the multimodal Chiropractic BioPhysics(®) rehabilitation program emphasizing the mirror image(®) concept. [Subject and Methods] A 27-year-old female presented suffering from neck and back pains, headaches and gait dysfunction. The patient was treated 30 times over a period of 6-months. Treatment consisted of anterior thoracic translation, thoracic extension, and head retraction exercises as well as spinal traction and spinal manipulation...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878485/non-surgical-relief-of-cervical-radiculopathy-through-reduction-of-forward-head-posture-and-restoration-of-cervical-lordosis-a-case-report
#7
Bret M Wickstrom, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case demonstrating the relief of cervical radiculopathy following the dramatic reduction of forward head posture and restoration of the cervical lordosis by use of a multi-modal rehabilitation program incorporating cervical extension traction. [Subject and Methods] A 31-year-old male patient presented with severe cervical radiculopathy and muscle weakness as well as neck pain. The patient had limited neck range of motion, and multiple positive orthopedic tests. Radiography revealed excessive forward head posture with a cervical kyphosis...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873157/spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-low-back-pain-reply
#8
LETTER
Neil M Paige, Sally C Morton, Paul G Shekelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873153/spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-low-back-pain
#9
LETTER
Romy Lauche, Tobias Sundberg, Holger Cramer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822477/spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review
#10
Jean Théroux, Norman Stomski, Christine Dominique Losco, Christelle Khadra, Hubert Labelle, Sylvie Le May
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of clinical trials of spinal manipulative therapy for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Search strategies were developed for PubMed, CINHAL, and CENTRAL databases. Studies were included through June 2016 if they were prospective trials that evaluated spinal manipulative therapy (eg, chiropractic, osteopathic, physical therapy) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Data were extracted and assessed by 2 independent reviewers...
July 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822474/the-effect-of-augmented-feedback-and-expertise-on-spinal-manipulation-skills-an-experimental-study
#11
Mégane Pasquier, Charlène Cheron, Claude Dugas, Arnaud Lardon, Martin Descarreaux
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effect of augmented feedback and expertise on the performance and retention of basic motor learning spinal manipulation skills. METHODS: A total of 103 chiropractic students with various training expertise were recruited for the study. Participants were evaluated at baseline, immediately after trials of augmented feedback practice and 1 week later. During all 3 assessments, students were asked to perform several trials of the same spinal manipulation, for which the maximum preload force, onset of thrust, thrust duration, force and peak force, thrust duration, rate of force application, and any drop in preload force were calculated...
July 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822473/influence-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-force-magnitude-and-application-site-on-spinal-tissue-loading-a-biomechanical-robotic-serial-dissection-study-in-porcine-motion-segments
#12
Martha Funabashi, François Nougarou, Martin Descarreaux, Narasimha Prasad, Greg Kawchuk
OBJECTIVE: In order to define the relation between spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) input parameters and the distribution of load within spinal tissues, the aim of this study was to determine the influence of force magnitude and application site when SMT is applied to cadaveric spines. METHODS: In 10 porcine cadavers, a servo-controlled linear actuator motor provided a standardized SMT simulation using 3 different force magnitudes (100N, 300N, and 500N) to 2 different cutaneous locations: L3/L4 facet joint (FJ), and L4 transverse processes (TVP)...
July 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807894/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-neck-pain
#13
REVIEW
Steven P Cohen, W Michael Hooten
Neck pain imposes a considerable personal and socioeconomic burden-it is one of the top five chronic pain conditions in terms of prevalence and years lost to disability-yet it receives a fraction of the research funding given to low back pain. Although most acute episodes resolve spontaneously, more than a third of affected people still have low grade symptoms or recurrences more than one year later, with genetics and psychosocial factors being risk factors for persistence. Nearly half of people with chronic neck pain have mixed neuropathic-nociceptive symptoms or predominantly neuropathic symptoms...
August 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801071/comparison-of-2-lumbar-manual-therapies-on-temporal-summation-of-pain-in-healthy-volunteers
#14
Charles W Penza, Maggie E Horn, Steven Z George, Mark D Bishop
The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate change in temporal summation of heat pain (TSP) between spinal manipulation (SMT) and spinal mobilization (MOB) in healthy volunteers. Ninety-two volunteers (24 male; 23.8 ± 5.3 years) were randomized to receive SMT, MOB, or no treatment (REST) for 1 session. Primary outcomes were changes in TSP, measured at the hand and foot, immediately after the session. A planned subgroup analysis investigated effects across empirically derived TSP clusters. For the primary outcome there were no differences in the immediate change in TSP measured at the foot between SMT and MOB, however, both treatments were superior to the REST condition...
November 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796647/cauda-equina-syndrome-due-to-vigorous-back-massage-with-spinal-manipulation-in-a-patient-with-pre-existing-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Si-Dong Yang, Qian Chen, Wen-Yuan Ding
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) resulting from acute lumbar disc herniation due to spinal massage is extremely rare. We present a case of CES caused by the acute worsening of a lumbar disc herniation after a vigorous back massage that included spinal manipulation. After vigorous back massage with spinal manipulation performed by a massage therapist, a 38-yr-old male patient experienced CES with severe numbness in both lower limbs, inability to walk due to weakness of bilateral lower limbs, and incontinence of urine and feces...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768114/essential-literature-for-the-chiropractic-profession-results-and-implementation-challenges-from-a-survey-of-international-chiropractic-faculty
#16
Barbara A Mansholt, Stacie A Salsbury, Lance G Corber, John S Stites
OBJECTIVE: Scientific literature applicable to chiropractic practice proliferates in quantity, quality, and source. Chiropractic is a worldwide profession and varies in scope between states or provinces and from country to country. It is logical to consider that the focus and emphasis of chiropractic education varies between programs as well. This original research study endeavored to determine "essential literature" recommended by chiropractic faculty. The purpose of this article is (1) to share our results and (2) to promote discussion and explore means for future collaboration of chiropractic faculty through a worldwide platform...
October 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750955/acute-electromyographic-responses-of-deep-thoracic-paraspinal-muscles-to-spinal-manual-therapy-interventions-an-experimental-randomized-cross-over-study
#17
Gary Fryer, Michael Bird, Barry Robbins, Jane C Johnson
This single group, randomized, cross-over study explored whether manual therapy alters motor tone of deep thoracic back muscles by examining resting electromyographic activity (EMG) after 2 types of manual therapy and a sham control intervention. Twenty-two participants with thoracic spinal pain (15 females, 7 males, mean age 28.1 ± 6.4 years) had dual fine-wire, intramuscular electrodes inserted into deep transversospinalis muscles at a thoracic level where tissues appeared abnormal to palpation (AbP) and at 2 sites above and below normal and non-tender to palpation (NT)...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744061/reversing-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-a-case-report-featuring-mirror-image-%C3%A2-thoracic-extension-rehabilitation
#18
Jason E Miller, Paul A Oakley, Scott B Levin, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of non-surgical reduction of thoracic hyperkyphosis utilizing a multimodal rehabilitation program emphasizing the mirror image(®) concept. [Subject and Methods] A 15-year-old female presented to a rehabilitation office suffering from back and neck pains and headaches. The patient was treated sporadically over a period of 13-months. Treatment consisted of anterior thoracic translation and thoracic extension exercises, spinal traction and spinal manipulation. [Results] After 13-months of treatment the patient displayed a significant reduction in hyperkyphosis and a dramatic correction of her overall posture and spine alignment corresponding to the reduction in back/neck pains, headaches and the simultaneous improvement of various other health issues...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738895/chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-cervicogenic-headache-a-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Aleksander Chaibi, Heidi Knackstedt, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
OBJECTIVE: Cervicogenic headache is a disabling headache where pharmacological management have limited effect. Thus, non-pharmacological management is warranted. Our objective was therefore to investigate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy versus placebo (sham manipulation) and control (continued usual but non-manual management) for cervicogenic headache in a prospective 3-armed single-blinded, placebo, randomized controlled trial of 17 months' duration. RESULTS: Nineteen participants were equally randomized into the three groups, and 12 participants completed the randomized controlled trial...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721535/tricyclic-and-tetracyclic-antidepressants-for-the-prevention-of-frequent-episodic-or-chronic-tension-type-headache-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Jeffrey L Jackson, Josephine M Mancuso, Sarah Nickoloff, Rebecca Bernstein, Cynthia Kay
BACKGROUND: Tension-type headaches are a common source of pain and suffering. Our purpose was to assess the efficacy of tricyclic (TCA) and tetracyclic antidepressants in the prophylactic treatment of tension-type headache. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, the ISI Web of Science, and clinical trial registries through 11 March 2017 for randomized controlled studies of TCA or tetracyclic antidepressants in the prevention of tension-type headache in adults...
July 18, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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