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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767395/behavioral-therapy-approaches-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-an-up-to-date-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kristallia Vitoula, Annalena Venneri, Giustino Varrassi, Antonella Paladini, Panagiota Sykioti, Joy Adewusi, Panagiotis Zis
Low back pain is one of the most common causes for seeking medical treatment and it is estimated that one in two people will experience low back pain at some point during their lifetimes. Management of low back pain includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Non-pharmaceutical treatments include interventions such as acupuncture, spinal manipulation, and psychotherapy. The latter is especially important as patients who suffer from low back pain often have impaired quality of life and also suffer from depression...
May 16, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765191/alleviation-of-posttraumatic-dizziness-by-restoration-of-the-cervical-lordosis-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-study-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#2
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the successful treatment of posttraumatic dizziness and neck pains that were initiated in a patient following a whiplash event. [Subject and Methods] A 46 year old male suffered a whiplash event that initiated neck pain and dizziness symptoms. The patient had many positive orthopedic findings and demonstrated a forward head posture and cervical hypolordosis. The patient was treated by Chiropractic BioPhysics® technique including cervical extension traction, extension exercises and spinal manipulative therapy initially three times a week for 16-weeks, and once a month thereafter...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744116/spinal-manipulation-and-therapeutic-exercises-in-treating-post-surgical-resurgent-lumbar-radiculopathy
#3
Vinicius Tieppo Francio, Chris Towery, Saeid Davani, Tony Brown
Lumbar radiculopathy due to disc herniation is one of the most common conditions seen in orthopedic practices worldwide. Surgical intervention is often necessary, and most patients improve without reoccurrences. The purpose of this case is to describe the successful outcome of post-surgical resurgent lumbar radiculopathy treated with spinal manipulation and therapeutic exercises. Here, we discuss the case of a 42-year-old male who received twelve treatments of spinal manipulation, in addition to therapeutic McKenzie methods exercises...
October 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713457/the-regional-effect-of-spinal-manipulation-on-the-pressure-pain-threshold-in-asymptomatic-subjects-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Margaux Honoré, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Olivier Gagey
Background: Spinal manipulation (SM) has been shown to have an effect on pain perception. More knowledge is needed on this phenomenon and it would be relevant to study its effect in asymptomatic subjects. Objectives: To compare regional effect of SM on pressure pain threshold (PPT) vs. sham, inactive control, mobilisation, another SM, and some type of physical therapy. In addition, we reported the results for the three different spinal regions. Method: A systematic search of literature was done using PubMed, Embase and Cochrane...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706725/alleviation-of-neck-pain-by-the-non-surgical-rehabilitation-of-a-pathologic-cervical-kyphosis-to-a-normal-lordosis-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-report
#5
Alyssa K Dennis, Paul A Oakley, Michael T Weiner, Tara A VanVranken, David A Shapiro, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of the therapeutic reversal of a cervical kyphosis into a lordosis in a patient who presented with neck pain and headaches. [Subject and Methods] A 24-year-old male irritated his neck while dancing. Upon examination it was revealed he had an excessive, 45 mm forward head translation and a 15° cervical kyphosis from C3-C6. The patient was treated with Chiropractic BioPhysics® methods aimed at restoring the cervical lordosis by mirror image® , neck extension exercises, cervical extension traction, and spinal manipulative therapy...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702550/chiropractic-manipulation-increases-maximal-bite-force-in-healthy-individuals
#6
Heidi Haavik, Mustafa Görkem Özyurt, Imran Khan Niazi, Kelly Holt, Rasmus Wiberg Nedergaard, Gizem Yilmaz, Kemal Sitki Türker
Recent research has shown that chiropractic spinal manipulation can alter central sensorimotor integration and motor cortical drive to human voluntary muscles of the upper and lower limb. The aim of this paper was to explore whether spinal manipulation could also influence maximal bite force. Twenty-eight people were divided into two groups of 14, one that received chiropractic care and one that received sham chiropractic care. All subjects were naive to chiropractic. Maximum bite force was assessed pre- and post-intervention and at 1-week follow up...
April 27, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687966/spinal-manipulation-combined-with-laser-therapy-is-more-beneficial-than-laser-therapy-alone-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Gopal N Subash Chandra Bose, Walid Kamal, Shanmugananth Es, Siddhart Joshi, Parth Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder causing pain and disability in most of the countries. In recent years, new approaches such as Spinal manipulation and laser therapy have been considered as an alternative to conventional exercise and also found contradicting results in terms of its effectiveness. AIM: A study to compare the combined effects of spinal manipulation, Laser and exercise versus Laser and exercise alone in chronic non-specific low back pain (cnLBP)...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682055/pneumorrhachis-following-chest-injury-a-rare-entity
#8
Shivender Sobti, S Bhaskar, Rajesh K Sharma, Ajay Choudhary
Pneumorrhachis (PR) - the phenomenon of intraspinal air - is a rare radiological finding. The presence of intraspinal air is usually after epidural injections, spinal manipulations, synovial cysts, degenerative disc disease, and epidural abscess. PR is mostly asymptomatic but can also be symptomatic. We report a case with PR after chest trauma and attempt to explain its development.
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673262/psychometric-properties-of-the-numeric-pain-rating-scale-and-neck-disability-index-in-patients-with-cervicogenic-headache
#9
Ian A Young, James Dunning, Raymond Butts, Joshua A Cleland, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
Background Self-reported disability and pain intensity are commonly used outcomes in patients with cervicogenic headaches. However, there is a paucity of psychometric evidence to support the use of these self-report outcomes for individuals treated with cervicogenic headaches. Therefore, it is unknown if these measures are reliable, responsive, or result in meaningful clinically important changes in this patient population. Methods A secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial (n = 110) examining the effects of spinal manipulative therapy with and without exercise in patients with cervicogenic headaches...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628810/rehabilitation-of-tibial-plateau-fracture-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-report
#10
Ali Rabatsky, John D Lockenour
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe the management of a tibial plateau fracture in a patient who had undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction 3.5 years earlier. Clinical Features: A 36-year-old man presented with pain and edema following a fall from a height of approximately 2 m while skateboarding. The patient reported having undergone arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with allograft and bioabsorbable screws 3.5 years earlier...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606335/spinal-manipulative-therapy-and-other-conservative-treatments-for-low-back-pain-a-guideline-from-the-canadian-chiropractic-guideline-initiative
#11
André E Bussières, Gregory Stewart, Fadi Al-Zoubi, Philip Decina, Martin Descarreaux, Danielle Haskett, Cesar Hincapié, Isabelle Pagé, Steven Passmore, John Srbely, Maja Stupar, Joel Weisberg, Joseph Ornelas
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) in adults. The aim was to develop a guideline to provide best practice recommendations on the initial assessment and monitoring of people with low back pain and address the use of spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) compared with other commonly used conservative treatments. METHODS: The topic areas were chosen based on an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality comparative effectiveness review, specific to spinal manipulation as a nonpharmacological intervention...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596158/spinal-manipulation-and-exercise-for-low-back-pain-in-adolescents-a-randomized-trial
#12
Roni Evans, Mitchell Haas, Craig Schulz, Brent Leininger, Linda Hanson, Gert Bronfort
Low back pain (LBP) is common in adolescence but there is a paucity of high quality research to inform care. We conducted a multicenter randomized trial comparing 12 weeks of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) combined with exercise therapy (ET) to ET alone.Participants were 185 adolescents aged 12-18 years with chronic LBP.The primary outcome was LBP severity at 12, 26, and 52 weeks. Secondary outcomes included disability, quality of life, medication use, patient and caregiver-rated improvement and satisfaction...
March 27, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595991/the-clinical-effects-of-manipulative-therapy-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
Jayde Galletti, George Mcheileh, Andrew Hahne, Annemarie Louise Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effects of manipulative therapies (MT), including spinal manipulation, and diaphragmatic release techniques on lung function, exercise capacity, symptoms, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Systematic review. PARTICIPANTS: People diagnosed with COPD. INTERVENTION: Randomized controlled trials of MT (either with or without pulmonary rehabilitation [PR]) compared to other treatments (soft tissue [ST] therapy or sham therapy) applied in people with COPD were identified following the search of seven databases...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545691/cervical-extension-traction-as-part-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-program-relieves-whiplash-associated-disorders-in-a-patient-having-failed-previous-chiropractic-treatment-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-report
#14
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the case of the non-surgical restoration of cervical lordosis in a patient suffering from chronic whiplash syndrome including chronic neck pain and daily headaches resulting from previous whiplash. [Subject and Methods] A 31 year old female presented with a chief complaint of chronic neck pain and headaches for 12 years, correlating temporally with a sustained whiplash. These symptoms were not significantly relieved by previous chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy. The patient had cervical hypolordosis and was treated with Chiropractic BioPhysics® protocol including extension exercises, manual adjustments and cervical extension traction designed to increase the cervical lordosis...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545223/vertebral-venous-collaterals-with-underlying-agenesis-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-implications-for-spinal-surgery
#15
Jang W Yoon, Sara Ganaha, Clarence Watridge
BACKGROUND: Congenital agenesis of the inferior vena cava (IVC) can lead to the development of a prominent venous collateral system within and around the spine due to the development of venous collaterals. Surgery on such patients can harbor the risk of catastrophic bleeding or decompensation of a delicate venous drainage pattern during spinal manipulation or even epidural exploration. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49-year old man with a congenital agenesis of the IVC presented with signs and symptoms of an L5 radiculopathy...
March 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541445/outcomes-indicators-and-a-risk-classification-system-for-spinal-manipulation-under-anesthesia-a-narrative-review-and-proposal
#16
REVIEW
Dennis DiGiorgi, John L Cerf, Daniel S Bowerman
Over a period of decades chiropractors have utilized spinal manipulation under anesthesia (SMUA) to treat chronic back and neck pain. As an advanced form of manual therapy, SMUA is reserved for the patient whose condition has proven refractory to office-based manipulation and other modes of conservative care. Historically, the protocols and guidelines put forth by chiropractic MUA proponents have served as the clinical compass for directing MUA practice. With many authors and MUA advocates having focused primarily on anticipated benefit, the published literature contains no resource dedicated to treatment precautions and contraindications...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540872/comparison-of-conservative-exercise-therapy-with-and-without-maitland-thoracic-manipulative-therapy-in-patients-with-subacromial-pain-clinical-trial
#17
Rizwan Haider, Muhammad Salman Bashir, Muhammad Adeel, Muhammad Junaid Ijaz, Azhar Ayub
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of conservative exercise therapy with and without Maitland thoracic manipulation in patients with subacromial pain. METHODS: The randomised controlled trial study was conducted at the Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from June 2015 to February 2016, and comprised patients with subacromial pain (group 1) and controls (group 2).Pre-assessment was done by using numeric pain rating scale and shoulder pain and disability index as subjective measurements, while range of motion was taken as objective measurement...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489878/subclinical-recurrent-neck-pain-and-its-treatment-impacts-motor-training-induced-plasticity-of-the-cerebellum-and-motor-cortex
#18
Julianne K Baarbé, Paul Yielder, Heidi Haavik, Michael W R Holmes, Bernadette Ann Murphy
The cerebellum processes pain inputs and is important for motor learning. Yet, how the cerebellum interacts with the motor cortex in individuals with recurrent pain is not clear. Functional connectivity between the cerebellum and motor cortex can be measured by a twin coil transcranial magnetic stimulation technique in which stimulation is applied to the cerebellum prior to stimulation over the motor cortex, which inhibits motor evoked potentials (MEPs) produced by motor cortex stimulation alone, called cerebellar inhibition (CBI)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489401/cervical-spine-injury-from-unrecognized-craniocervical-instability-in-severe-pierre-robin-sequence-associated-with-skeletal-dysplasia
#19
Xiao Zhu, Kelly N Evans, Areeg El-Gharbawy, Jonathan Y Lee, Jack E Brooker, Noel Jabbour, Elizabeth C Tyler-Kabara, Suneeta Madan-Khertarpal, Joseph E Losee, Jesse A Goldstein
Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) can be associated with skeletal dysplasias, presenting with craniocervical instability and devastating spinal injury if unrecognized. The authors present the case of an infant with PRS and a type II collagenopathy who underwent multiple airway-securing procedures requiring spinal manipulation before craniocervical instability was identified. This resulted in severe cervical cord compression due to odontoid fracture and occipitoatlantoaxial instability. This case highlights the importance of early cervical spine imaging and cautious manipulation in infants with PRS and suspected skeletal dysplasia...
May 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481979/dose-response-and-efficacy-of-spinal-manipulation-for-care-of-cervicogenic-headache-a-dual-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Mitchell Haas, Gert Bronfort, Roni Evans, Craig Schulz, Darcy Vavrek, Leslie Takaki, Linda Hanson, Brent Leininger, Moni B Neradilek
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The optimal number of visits for the care of cervicogenic headache (CGH) with spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is unknown. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to identify the dose-response relationship between visits for SMT and chronic CGH outcomes and to evaluate the efficacy of SMT by comparison with a light-massage control. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This is a two-site, open-label randomized controlled trial. PATIENT SAMPLE: Participants were 256 adults with chronic CGH...
February 23, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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