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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521180/predictive-factors-for-reporting-adverse-events-following-spinal-manipulation-in-randomized-clinical-trials-secondary-analysis-of-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Lindsay M Gorrell, Benjamin Brown, Reidar P Lystad, Roger M Engel
While spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is recommended for the treatment of spinal disorders, concerns exist about adverse events associated with the intervention. Adequate reporting of adverse events in clinical trials would allow for more accurate estimations of incidence statistics through meta-analysis. However, it is not currently known if there are factors influencing adverse events reporting following SMT in randomized clinical trials (RCTs). Thus our objective was to investigate predictive factors for the reporting of adverse events in published RCTs involving SMT...
May 11, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512119/complementary-and-integrative-medicine-in-the-management-of-headache
#2
REVIEW
Denise Millstine, Christina Y Chen, Brent Bauer
Headaches, including primary headaches such as migraine and tension-type headache, are a common clinical problem. Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM), formerly known as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), uses evidence informed modalities to assist in the health and healing of patients. CIM commonly includes the use of nutrition, movement practices, manual therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and mind-body strategies. This review summarizes the literature on the use of CIM for primary headache and is based on five meta-analyses, seven systematic reviews, and 34 randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506257/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-of-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-fibromyalgia-using-both-amstar-and-robis-as-quality-assessment-tools
#3
Rachel Perry, Verity Leach, Philippa Davies, Chris Penfold, Andy Ness, Rachel Churchill
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic, debilitating pain disorder. Dissatisfaction with conventional medicine can lead people with FM to turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Two previous overviews of systematic reviews of CAM for FM have been published, but they did not assessed for risk of bias in the review process. METHODS: Five databases Medline, Embase, AMED (via OVID), Web of Science and Central were searched from their inception to December 2015...
May 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503292/historical-influence-on-the-practice-of-chiropractic-radiology-part-i-a-survey-of-diplomates-of-the-american-chiropractic-college-of-radiology
#4
Kenneth J Young
BACKGROUND: It is known that not all chiropractors follow mainstream guidelines on the use of diagnostic ionising radiation. Various reasons have been discussed in the literature, including using radiography to screen for congenital anomalies, to perform postural analysis, to search for contraindications to spinal manipulation, and to document chiropractic subluxations, i.e., tiny anatomical displacements of vertebrae thought to affect nerves and health. The visualisation of subluxations was the reason chiropractic first adopted the x-ray in 1910...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484700/the-effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-and-complementary-therapies-on-voice-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Ricardo Cardoso, Rute F Meneses, José Lumini-Oliveira
The treatment of voice disorders includes physiotherapy and complementary therapies. However, research to support these treatments is scarce. OBJECTIVE: to verify the effectiveness of physiotherapy and complementary therapies on voice disorders. Research on electronic databases PubMed/Medline, SciELO, and LILACS was performed using the combination: voice AND (treatment OR intervention) according to PRISMA guidelines. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in the review...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456600/beliefs-in-the-population-about-cracking-sounds-produced-during-spinal-manipulation
#6
Christophe Demoulin, Damien Baeri, Geoffrey Toussaint, Barbara Cagnie, Axel Beernaert, Jean-François Kaux, Marc Vanderthommen
OBJECTIVES: To examine beliefs about cracking sounds heard during high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) thrust spinal manipulation in individuals with and without personal experience of this technique. METHODS: We included 100 individuals. Among them, 60 had no history of spinal manipulation, including 40 who were asymptomatic with or without a past history of spinal pain and 20 who had nonspecific spinal pain. The remaining 40 patients had a history of spinal manipulation; among them, 20 were asymptomatic and 20 had spinal pain...
April 26, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442177/spinal-manipulation-is-beneficial-for-nonchronic-low-back-pain
#7
Marc A Bronson, Dean L Smith, Peter Tuchin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430671/elevated-production-of-nociceptive-cc-chemokines-and-se-selectin-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-and-the-effects-of-spinal-manipulation-a-non-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Julita A Teodorczyk-Injeyan, Marion McGregor, John J Triano, H Stephen Injeyan
BACKGROUND: The involvement of inflammatory components in the pathophysiology of low back pain is poorly understood. It has been suggested that spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) may exert anti-inflammatory effects. PURPOSE: To determine the involvement of inflammation-associated chemokines (CC series) in the pathogenesis of non-specific low back pain and to evaluate the effect of SMT on that process. METHODS: Patients presenting with non-radicular, non-specific low back pain (minimum pain score 3 on 10 point visual analogue scale, VAS) were recruited according to stringent inclusion criteria...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412987/back-pain-in-the-emergency-department-pathological-fracture-following-spinal-manipulation
#9
Christopher Skappak, Erik J Saude
Back pain is one of the most common presentations to the emergency department. Though case reports of patients presenting with increased back pain following chiropractic spinal manipulations are rare, we have identified a case rarely reported in the literature where a potential injury from chiropractic manipulation resulted in a diagnosis of multiple myeloma. We have reported a previously healthy 66-year-old male who presented with persistent lower back pain over 4 weeks. An initial evaluation with thoracolumbar radiographs revealed no significant findings...
April 17, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404706/spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-low-back-pain
#10
Megan A Manning, G Michael Allan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404546/spinal-manipulation-produces-modest-improvements-in-acute-low-back-pain
#11
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399479/changes-in-biochemical-markers-following-spinal-manipulation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Kesava Kovanur-Sampath, Ramakrishnan Mani, Jim Cotter, Angela Spontelli Gisselman, Steve Tumilty
The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of spinal manipulation in influencing various biochemical markers in healthy and or symptomatic population. Electronic databases (n = 10) were searched (from inception till September 2016) and eight trials (325 participants) that met the inclusion criteria were included in the meta-analysis. Two authors independently extracted and assessed the risk of bias in included studies. Standardised mean differences for outcome measures were used to calculate effect sizes...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399251/association-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-with-clinical-benefit-and-harm-for-acute-low-back-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Neil M Paige, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Marika Suttorp Booth, Jessica M Beroes, Aram S Mardian, Paul Dougherty, Richard Branson, Baron Tang, Sally C Morton, Paul G Shekelle
Importance: Acute low back pain is common and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a treatment option. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses have reported different conclusions about the effectiveness of SMT. Objective: To systematically review studies of the effectiveness and harms of SMT for acute (≤6 weeks) low back pain. Data Sources: Search of MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, and Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature from January 1, 2011, through February 6, 2017, as well as identified systematic reviews and RCTs, for RCTs of adults with low back pain treated in ambulatory settings with SMT compared with sham or alternative treatments, and that measured pain or function outcomes for up to 6 weeks...
April 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399236/the-role-of-spinal-manipulation-in-the-treatment-of-low-back-pain
#14
EDITORIAL
Richard A Deyo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340595/the-risk-associated-with-spinal-manipulation-an-overview-of-reviews
#15
Sabrina Mai Nielsen, Simon Tarp, Robin Christensen, Henning Bliddal, Louise Klokker, Marius Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a widely used manual treatment, but many reviews exist with conflicting conclusions about the safety of SMT. We performed an overview of reviews to elucidate and quantify the risk of serious adverse events (SAEs) associated with SMT. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases from inception to December 8, 2015. We included reviews on any type of studies, patients, and SMT technique. Our primary outcome was SAEs...
March 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324697/adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs
#16
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Unlike pharmacological randomized controlled trials (RCTs), manual-therapy RCTs do not always report adverse events (AEs). The few manual-therapy RCTs that provide information on AEs are frequently without details, such as the type and-, severity of the AE and reason for withdrawal. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively report all AEs in a chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) RCT. DESIGN: A prospective 3-armed, single-blinded, placebo, RCT...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292267/assignment-of-adverse-event-indexing-terms-in-randomized-clinical-trials-involving-spinal-manipulative-therapy-an-audit-of-records-in-medline-and-embase-databases
#17
Lindsay M Gorrell, Roger M Engel, Reidar P Lystad, Benjamin T Brown
BACKGROUND: Reporting of adverse events in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) is encouraged by the authors of The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. With robust methodological design and adequate reporting, RCTs have the potential to provide useful evidence on the incidence of adverse events associated with spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). During a previous investigation, it became apparent that comprehensive search strategies combining text words with indexing terms was not sufficiently sensitive for retrieving records that were known to contain reports on adverse events...
March 14, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288900/the-mechanism-of-back-pain-relief-by-spinal-manipulation-relies-on-decreased-temporal-summation-of-pain
#18
Christopher Randoll, Vincent Gagnon-Normandin, Jessica Tessier, Suzie Bois, Nabi Rustamov, Julie O'Shaughnessy, Martin Descarreaux, Mathieu Piché
The aim of the present study was to determine whether thoracic spinal manipulation (SM) decreases temporal summation of back pain. The study comprised two controlled experiments including 16 and 15 healthy participants, respectively. Each study included six sessions during which painful or non-painful electrical stimulations were delivered in three conditions: (1) control (2) light mechanical stimulus (MS) or (3) SM. Electrical stimulation was applied on the thoracic spine (T4), in the area where SM and MS were performed...
May 4, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274487/manipulation-peak-forces-across-spinal-regions-for-children-using-mannequin-simulators
#19
John J Triano, Steven Lester, David Starmer, Elise G Hewitt
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to create an exploratory database of manipulation treatment force variability as a function of the intent of an experienced clinician sub-specializing in the care of children to match treatment to childhood category. Data of this type are necessary for realistic planning of dose-response and safety studies on therapeutic benefit. METHODS: The project evaluated the transmitted peak forces of procedures applied to mannequins of different stature for younger and older children...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268027/a-feasibility-study-to-assess-vibration-and-sound-from-zygapophyseal-joints-during-motion-before-and-after-spinal-manipulation
#20
Gregory D Cramer, Matthew Budavich, Preetam Bora, Kim Ross
OBJECTIVE: This feasibility study used novel accelerometry (vibration) and microphone (sound) methods to assess crepitus originating from the lumbar spine before and after side-posture spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). METHODS: This study included 5 healthy and 5 low back pain (LBP) participants. Nine accelerometers and 1 specialized directional microphone were applied to the lumbar region, allowing assessment of crepitus. Each participant underwent full lumbar ranges of motion (ROM), bilateral lumbar SMT, and repeated full ROM...
March 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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