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Histoplasma cutaneous

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804654/histoplasmosis-by-histoplasma-capsulatum-var-duboisii-observed-at-the-laboratory-of-pathological-anatomy-of-lom%C3%A3-in-togo
#1
Tchin Darré, Bayaki Saka, Abas Mouhari-Touré, Améyo Monique Dorkenoo, Koffi Amégbor, Vincent Palokinam Pitche, Gado Napo-Koura
Our study aimed to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and diagnostic aspects of African histoplasmosis in Togo through a descriptive and cross-sectional study on histological diagnosed African histoplasmosis in Pathology Department of Lomé from 2002 to 2016 (15 years). A total of 17 cases of African histoplasmosis were diagnosed. The sex ratio (M/F) was 1.8. The annual incidence was 1.1 cases. The mean age of the patients was 27.2 ± 0.4 years. All our patients were of social categories with a low socioeconomic level...
2017: Journal of Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794961/feline-cutaneous-histoplasmosis-the-first-case-report-from-thailand
#2
L Larsuprom, L Duangkaew, C Kasorndorkbua, C Chen, A Chindamporn, N Worasilchai
A 2-year-old, neutered female domestic shorthaired cat presented with a history of multiple papules and nodules on pinnae, nodules on the nose, and chronic wound at the lateral surface of left radial area for four months. Skin biopsy demonstrated moderate numbers of small, oval-to-round, single-walled yeasts inside the macrophages. In addition, PCR confirmed the sequence of Histoplasma capsulatum. This is the first case report of feline cutaneous histoplasmosis in Thailand.
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774696/neglected-endemic-mycoses
#3
REVIEW
Flavio Queiroz-Telles, Ahmed Hassan Fahal, Diego R Falci, Diego H Caceres, Tom Chiller, Alessandro C Pasqualotto
Fungi often infect mammalian hosts via the respiratory route, but traumatic transcutaneous implantation is also an important source of infections. Environmental exposure to spores of pathogenic fungi can result in subclinical and unrecognised syndromes, allergic manifestations, and even overt disease. After traumatic cutaneous inoculation, several fungi can cause neglected mycoses such as sporotrichosis, chromoblastomycosis, mycetoma, entomophthoramycosis, and lacaziosis. Most of these diseases have a subacute to chronic course and they can become recalcitrant to therapy and lead to physical disabilities, including inability to work, physical deformities, and amputations...
July 31, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656779/primary-cutaneous-histoplasma-capsulatum-infection-in-a-patient-treated-with-fingolimod-a-case-report
#4
Gabrielle M Veillet-Lemay, Michael A Sawchuk, Nordau D Kanigsberg
Fingolimod is an immune-modulating drug used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Histoplasma capsulatum is a dimorphic fungus that can infect humans. Infection with the pathogen typically affects the lungs, but it is usually asymptomatic and self-limited. However, immunocompromised patients infected with the pathogen can present atypically, including the development of primary cutaneous lesions. We describe an interesting clinical case of a cutaneous H capsulatum infection in a patient treated with fingolimod...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474430/unusual-presentation-of-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#5
Manju Kumari, Madhumitha Udayakumar, Manju Kaushal, Garima Baweja Madaan
Disseminated histoplasmosis (DH) is a systemic granulomatous disease caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. This disease occurs mainly in immunocompromised individuals with CD 4 counts less than 200 cell/µL and is rarely noted in immunocompetent person. In India, this disease has been reported from several parts of the country of which most cases are from eastern India which is considered to be endemic for this disease. Inhalation of the spores can lead to a self-limiting flulike illness in immunocompetent hosts...
September 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462780/-african-histoplamosis-a-report-of-three-pediatric-cases
#6
REVIEW
J R Mabiala Babela, C Mboutol Mandavo, R Nika Evrard, B Ossibi Ibara, L Lamah, L C Ollandzobo Ikobo, A Mouko, J F Peko
Histoplasmosis duboisii (Histoplasma capsulatum var duboisii) is uncommon disease especially in children. It is observed in Africa where the incidence is unknown. The authors report a series of three pediatric cases. The report concerned 2 girls and one boy who were 3, 9 and 4 year-old, respectively. Symptoms evolved for more than two months in each case. At admission, we found fever and poor general condition. Observed lesions were lymphnodes localisation disseminated (cases 1 and 2), subcutaneous (cold abscess) and cutaneous simulating molluscum contagiosum (case 2), osteoarticular (cases 2 and 3), abdominal including peritoneal and hepatosplenic (case 1)...
April 24, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450854/microbial-disease-spectrum-linked-to-a-novel-il-12r%C3%AE-1-n-terminal-signal-peptide-stop-gain-homozygous-mutation-with-paradoxical-receptor-cell-surface-expression
#7
Thais Louvain de Souza, Regina C de Souza Campos Fernandes, Juliana Azevedo da Silva, Vladimir Gomes Alves Júnior, Adelia Gomes Coelho, Afonso C Souza Faria, Nabia M Moreira Salomão Simão, João T Souto Filho, Caroline Deswarte, Stéphanie Boisson-Dupuis, Dara Torgerson, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Jacinta Bustamante, Enrique Medina-Acosta
Patients with Mendelian Susceptibility to Mycobacterial Diseases (MSMD) exhibit variable vulnerability to infections by mycobacteria and other intramacrophagic bacteria (e.g., Salmonella and Klebsiella) and fungi (e.g., Histoplasma, Candida, Paracoccidioides, Coccidioides, and Cryptococcus). The hallmark of MSMD is the inherited impaired production of interferon gamma (IFN-γ) or the lack of response to it. Mutations in the interleukin (IL)-12 receptor subunit beta 1 (IL12RB1) gene accounts for 38% of cases of MSMD...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273974/primary-cutaneous-histoplasmosis-masquerading-as-lepromatous-leprosy
#8
Jenna Blah Bhattacharya, Poonam Rani, Radhika Aggarwal, Seema Kaushal
Histoplasmosis is a genus of dimorphic fungi having various varieties of which the commonest one causing infection is Histoplasma capsulatum known to cause histoplasmosis. It has a varied disease spectrum ranging from an acute infection to chronic disease especially in lungs, disseminated disease and cutaneous disorder. Histoplasma capsulatum usually causes subclinical infection and serious infections only manifest in immunocompromised patients. Frank cases of infection are seen in pulmonary histoplasmosis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239602/first-case-of-cd40lg-deficiency-in-ecuador-diagnosed-after-whole-exome-sequencing-in-a-patient-with-severe-cutaneous-histoplasmosis
#9
Luis Alberto Pedroza, Nina Guerrero, Asbjørg Stray-Pedersen, Cristina Tafur, Roque Macias, Greta Muñoz, Zeynep Coban Akdemir, Shalini N Jhangiani, Levi B Watkin, Ivan K Chinn, James R Lupski, Jordan S Orange
Severe infections with Histoplasma capsulatum are commonly observed in patient with secondary immunodeficiency disorders. We report a two and a half years old boy previously healthy with disseminated cutaneous histoplasmosis. Using whole exome sequencing, we found an indel mutation at the CD40LG gene, suggesting a diagnosis of hyper-IgM (HIGM) syndrome, even in the absence of the usual features for the disease. Interestingly, the patient lives in a region endemic for histoplasmosis. The unusual infections in our case suggest that in children with severe histoplasmosis and resident in endemic areas, HIGM syndrome should be considered as a diagnosis...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210571/unmasking-histoplasmosis-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-in-a-patient-recently-started-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#10
Reuben Kiggundu, Henry W Nabeta, Richard Okia, Joshua Rhein, Robert Lukande
Histoplasmosis is the most common endemic mycoses among HIV-infected people. Patients with suppressed cell immunity mainly due to HIV are at increased risk of disseminated disease. Dermatological manifestations of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) and cutaneous manifestations of histoplasmosis similar to an IRIS event have been previously described. We report the case of a 43-year-old male who presented with cutaneous disseminated histoplasmosis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum 4 months after the onset of the antiretroviral therapy and some improvement in the immune reconstitution...
October 2016: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959839/-disseminated-histoplasmosis-in-patients-with-aids-buenos-aires-2009-2014
#11
Adriana G López Daneri, Alicia Arechavala, Cristina A Iovannitti, María Teresa Mujica
A retrospective study was carried out on 171 cases of disseminated histoplasmosis diagnosed in HIV/AIDS patients during the period 2009-2014. Although HIV diagnosis rates remained stable over the study period, a sensible increase in the number of histoplasmosis cases was observed in the last three years. Disseminated histoplasmosis was prevalent in males with an average age of 37.8 years. At diagnosis, only 54/171 (31.6%) were receiving HAART, and CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts ranged from 4 to 264 cells/upsilon...
2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707938/development-and-evaluation-of-a-molecular-diagnostic-method-for-rapid-detection-of-histoplasma-capsulatum-var-farciminosum-the-causative-agent-of-epizootic-lymphangitis-in-equine-clinical-samples
#12
C E Scantlebury, G L Pinchbeck, P Loughnane, N Aklilu, T Ashine, A P Stringer, L Gordon, M Marshall, R M Christley, A J McCarthy
Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum, the causative agent of epizootic lymphangitis (EZL), is endemic in parts of Africa. Diagnosis based on clinical signs and microscopy lacks specificity and is a barrier to further understanding this neglected disease. Here, a nested PCR method targeting the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rRNA operon was validated for application to equine clinical samples. Twenty-nine horses with signs of EZL from different climatic regions of Ethiopia were clinically examined...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516534/cutaneous-histoplasmosis-with-prominent-parasitization-of-epidermal-keratinocytes-report-of-a-case
#13
Hedieh H Honarpisheh, Jonathan L Curry, Kristen Richards, Priyadharsini Nagarajan, Phyu P Aung, Carlos A Torres-Cabala, Doina Ivan, Carol R Drucker, Richard Cartun, Victor G Prieto, Michael T Tetzlaff
Disseminated histoplasmosis most commonly occurs in immunosuppressed individuals and involves the skin in approximately 6% of patients. Cutaneous histoplasmosis with an intraepithelial-predominant distribution has not been described. A 47-year-old man was admitted to our institution with fever and vancomycin-resistant enterococcal bacteremia. He had been diagnosed with T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia 4 years earlier and had undergone matched-unrelated-donor stem cell transplant 2 years earlier; on admission, he had relapsed disease...
December 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227446/histoplasma-capsulatum-sinusitis-possible-way-of-revelation-to-the-disseminated-form-of-histoplasmosis-in-hiv-patients-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
R Elansari, R Abada, S Rouadi, M Roubal, M Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Histoplasma capsulatum is rarely found in nose and sinuses in immunocompetent and even in immunosupressed patients. A literature review revealed rare cases of H. capsulatum sinusitis and the case we describe in this paper is the first case of H. capsulatum sinusitis in Morocco. The purpose of our work is to present a rare case of H. capsulatum sinusitis and a literature review. CASE REPORT: A male patient, at his 39 presented to the emergency with suffered from nasal congestion and yellow postnasal rhinorrhea, occasional headaches and epistaxis for over than two months...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166049/primary-cutaneous-histoplasmosis-mimicking-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-eyelid-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Santhi Radhakrishnan, Namrata G Adulkar, Usha Kim
We present the case of a 46 years old gentleman with longstanding ulcerative lesion of the right upper eyelid. Biopsy of the lesion revealed intracellular periodic acid-Schiff positive round to oval organisms with a surrounding clear halo suggestive of histoplasmosis. Histoplasma capsulatum specific polymerase chain reaction was positive. The patient was treated with oral antifungals and showed a prompt response to treatment. We report this rare case of primary cutaneous histoplasmosis of the eyelid in an otherwise healthy adult patient...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976880/disseminated-histoplasmosis-with-skin-lesions-and-osteomyelitis-in-a-patient-from-the-philippines
#16
Marwan M Azar, Maricar F Malinis
Histoplasmosis, caused by the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum, is a disease of protean manifestations and of global distribution. Although increasingly reported in Asia, there are few reports from the Philippines. Here, we describe a case of microbiologically diagnosed histoplasmosis, probably acquired from the Philippines, in a returning traveler who presented with a right foot wound and papular rash. The final diagnosis was disseminated histoplasmosis with cutaneous and bone involvement, both unusual manifestations of the disease...
July 6, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26597996/diagnosis-of-hiv-infection-on-the-basis-of-histoplasmosis-related-oral-ulceration
#17
Isadora Peres Klein, Marco Antonio Trevizani Martins, Manoela Domingues Martins, Vinicius Coelho Carrard
Histoplasmosis is an endemic systemic mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. In immunocompromised patients, histoplasmosis generally occurs as an opportunistic disease, with dissemination to various organs. Cutaneous involvement is observed in 38% to 85% of cases, with oral mucosal involvement in 30% to 60% of cases. This article describes the case study of a 32-year-old woman who presented an extensive tongue ulcer due to histoplasmosis and had the HIV infection diagnosis based on laboratory tests requested by the dentist...
March 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26449511/burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#18
David W Denning, Harish C Gugnani
The information on the prevalence of fungal infections in the Caribbean region including Trinidad and Tobago (population 1,339,000 million) is scanty. Tinea capitis is common in children, being predominant in those of African descent, with no definitive estimate. Asthma is also common affecting 77,000-139,000 adults with an estimated 1927-3491 affected by allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and 2544-4608 with severe asthma and fungal sensitisation (SAFS). An estimated 23,763 women have ≥4 attacks of vaginal candidiasis annually...
October 2015: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26069920/-imported-histoplasmosis
#19
Katarina Stete, Winfried V Kern, Siegbert Rieg, Annerose Serr, Christian Maurer, Kathrin Tintelnot, Dirk Wagner
Infections with Histoplasma capsulatum are rare in Germany, and mostly imported from endemic areas. Infections can present as localized or disseminated diseases in immunocompromised as well as immunocompetent hosts. A travel history may be a major clue for diagnosing histoplasmosis. Diagnostic tools include histology, cultural and molecular detection as well as serology. Here we present four cases of patients diagnosed and treated in Freiburg between 2004 and 2013 that demonstrate the broad range of clinical manifestations of histoplasmosis: an immunocompetent patient with chronic basal meningitis; a patient with HIV infection and fatal disseminated disease; a patient with pulmonary and cutaneous disease and mediastinal and cervical lymphadenopathy; and an immunosuppressed patient with disseminated involvement of lung, bone marrow and adrenal glands...
June 2015: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25831000/primary-cutaneous-histoplasmosis-developed-in-the-penis-of-an-immunocompetent-patient
#20
Mauricio Paixão, Hélio Amante Miot, João Avancini, Walter Belda Júnior
A 70-year-old male presenting a 3-month history of genital painless erythematous nodules in the balanopreputial sulcus was referred to our service. Histopathological exam presented a chronic dermatitis with epithelioid granulomas and Grocott staining revealed numerous fungal structures with a suggestive morphology of Histoplasma sp. Cultures evidenced Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum. Treatment with oral itraconazole led to complete remission of lesions.
March 2015: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
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