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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655949/incidence-and-predictors-of-6-months-mortality-after-an-acute-heart-failure-event-in-rural-uganda-the-mbarara-heart-failure-registry-mahfer
#1
Fardous Charles Abeya, Boniface Amanee Elias Lumori, Suzan Joan Akello, Brian H Annex, Andrew J Buda, Samson Okello
OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the incidence and predictors of all-cause mortality 6 months after heart failure hospitalization in Uganda. METHODS: Mbarara Heart Failure Registry is a cohort of patients hospitalized with a clinical diagnosis of heart failure at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda. We measured serum electrolytes, cardiac markers, and echocardiograms. All participants were followed until death or end of 6 months. We used Fine and Gray models to estimate the incidence and predictors all-cause mortality...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655830/medicare-expenditures-by-race-ethnicity-after-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#2
Boback Ziaeian, Paul A Heidenreich, Haolin Xu, Adam D DeVore, Roland A Matsouaka, Adrian F Hernandez, Deepak L Bhatt, Clyde W Yancy, Gregg C Fonarow
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze cumulative Medicare expenditures at index admission and after discharge by race or ethnicity. BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a growing proportion of heart failure (HF) admissions. Research on health care expenditures for patients with HFpEF is limited. METHODS: Records of patients discharged from the Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure registry between 2006 and 2014 were linked to Medicare data...
April 5, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655827/30-day-episode-payments-and-heart-failure-outcomes-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#3
Rishi K Wadhera, Karen E Joynt Maddox, Yun Wang, Changyu Shen, Robert W Yeh
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of 30-day payments for an episode of heart failure (HF) care at the hospital level with patient outcomes. BACKGROUND: There is increased focus among policymakers on improving value for HF care, given its rising prevalence and associated financial burden in the United States; however, little is known about the relationship between payments and mortality for a 30-day episode of HF care. METHODS: Using Medicare claims data for all fee-for-service beneficiaries hospitalized for HF between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2014, we examined the association between 30-day Medicare payments at the hospital level (beginning with a hospital admission for HF and across multiple settings following discharge) and patient 30-day mortality using mixed-effect logistic regression models...
April 5, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652593/vitamin-d-status-in-hospitalized-chronically-ill-patients
#4
Raef Malak Botros, Mona Mohamed AbdElsalam Besibes, Ahmed Mohamed Bahaaeldin, Sherihan Abo Elyazed
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D deficiency is rarely considered or treated in critically ill patients. Deficiency of 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] prior to hospital admission might be a significant predictor of short- and long-term all cause patient mortality in a critically ill patient. The aim of this work is to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in hospitalized patients and its relation to the length of stay and outcome of hospitalization. METHODS: Prospective cohort study performed on 80 patients admitted with acute deterioration of their chronic illness...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650297/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-is-inversely-correlated-with-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-the-very-elderly
#5
F Spannella, F Giulietti, G Cocci, L Landi, E Borioni, F E Lombardi, G Rosettani, B Bernardi, V Bordoni, P Giordano, M Bordicchia, R Sarzani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laboratory studies on human adipose tissue and differentiated adipocytes indicate that natriuretic peptides (NPs) affect lipid metabolism and plasma cholesterol. Few previous clinical studies in non-elderly populations found associations between NPs in the physiological range and cholesterol. AIM: evaluate the association between NT-proBNP and lipid profile in very elderly hospitalized patients characterized by a wide range of NT-proBNP levels...
February 27, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643066/early-ambulation-among-hospitalized-heart-failure-patients-is-associated-with-reduced-length-of-stay-and-30-day-readmissions
#6
Lisa M Fleming, Xin Zhao, Adam D DeVore, Paul A Heidenreich, Clyde W Yancy, Gregg C Fonarow, Adrian F Hernandez, Robb D Kociol
BACKGROUND: Early ambulation (EA) is associated with improved outcomes for mechanically ventilated and stroke patients. Whether the same association exists for patients hospitalized with acute heart failure is unknown. We sought to determine whether EA among patients hospitalized with heart failure is associated with length of stay, discharge disposition, 30-day post discharge readmissions, and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population included 369 hospitals and 285 653 patients with heart failure enrolled in the Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure registry...
April 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629485/has-the-time-come-to-be-more-aggressive-with-bariatric-surgery-in-obese-patients-with-chronic-systolic-heart-failure
#7
REVIEW
Amanda R Vest
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is a strong risk factor for the development of heart failure (HF). Diet, exercise, and weight-loss pharmacotherapies have limited potential to achieve significant and sustainable weight loss, especially in patients with symptomatic systolic HF. This review seeks to determine the role of bariatric surgery for patients with systolic HF and obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Bariatric surgeries such as the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) represent the most successful long-term strategy for achieving weight loss and diabetes and hypertension remission in the general obese population...
April 8, 2018: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628471/a-case-of-a-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-defibrillator-exhibiting-a-lower-and-alternately-variable-basic-rate
#8
Keigo Iwazaki, Toshiya Kojima, Takahide Murasawa, Jun Yokota, Hikaru Tanimoto, Jun Matsuda, Nobuaki Fukuma, Takumi Matsubara, Yu Shimizu, Gaku Oguri, Eriko Hasumi, Hitoshi Kubo, Kyungho Chang, Katsuhito Fujiu, Issei Komuro
A cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) (Medtronic Inc. Protecta XT) was implanted in a 67-year-old man who had cardiac sarcoidosis with extremely low cardiac function. He had ventricular tachycardia which was controlled by catheter ablation, medication and pacing. The programmed mode was DDI, lower rate was 90 beats/minute, paced AV delay was 150 ms, and the noncompetitive atrial pacing (NCAP) function was programmed as 300 ms.After his admission for pneumonia and heart failure, we changed his DDI mode to a DDD mode because he had atrial tachycardia, which led to inadequate bi-ventricular pacing...
April 6, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628387/gentamicin-may-have-no-effect-on-mortality-of-staphylococcal-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis
#9
Antonio Ramos-Martínez, Alejandro Muñoz Serrano, Arístides de Alarcón González, Patricia Muñoz, Ana Fernández-Cruz, Maricela Valerio, María Carmen Fariñas, Manuel Gutiérrez-Cuadra, José Ma Miró, Josefa Ruiz-Morales, Dolores Sousa-Regueiro, José Miguel Montejo, Juan Gálvez-Acebal, Carmen HidalgoTenorio, Fernando Domínguez
PURPOSE: To analyze the influence of adding gentamicin to a regimen consisting of β-lactam or vancomycin plus rifampicin on survival in patients suffering from Staphylococcal prosthetic valve endocarditis (SPVE). METHODS: From January 2008 to September 2016, 334 patients with definite SPVE were attended in the participating hospitals. Ninety-four patients (28.1%) received treatment based on β-lactam or vancomycin plus rifampicin and were included in the study...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628154/-severity-of-disease-scoring-systems-and-mortality-after-non-cardiac-surgery
#10
Pedro Videira Reis, Gabriela Sousa, Ana Martins Lopes, Ana Vera Costa, Alice Santos, Fernando José Abelha
BACKGROUND: Mortality after surgery is frequent and severity of disease scoring systems are used for prediction. Our aim was to evaluate predictors for mortality after non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: Adult patients admitted at our surgical intensive care unit between January 2006 and July 2013 was included. Univariate analysis was carried using Mann-Whitney, Chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Logistic regression was performed to assess independent factors with calculation of odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (95% CI)...
April 5, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625779/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-may-predict-prognosis-in-older-adults-admitted-with-a-diagnosis-other-than-heart-failure
#11
S Di Marca, A Rando, E Cataudella, A Pulvirenti, S Alaimo, V Terranova, T Corriere, M Pisano, R Di Quattro, M L Ronsisvalle, C M Giraffa, M Giordano, B Stancanelli, L Malatino
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The diagnosis of heart failure (HF) in elderly patients is often difficult, due to overlap of typical signs and symptoms with those of comorbidities. B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) predicts diagnosis and prognosis of HF, but little is known on its predictive role of short-term prognosis when admission diagnosis is other than HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively recruited 404 consecutive patients (aged≥65 years) hospitalized in the Unit of Internal Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy, with an admission diagnosis other than HF...
March 2, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623383/-mechanical-circulatory-support-in-terminal-heart-failure
#12
REVIEW
M Derwall, A Moza, A Brücken
BACKGROUND: After exhaustion of all conservative measures in the treatment of acute and chronic heart insufficiency, there is the possibility to temporarily or permanently support or replace the pump performance of the heart by mechanical circulatory support (MCS) systems. OBJECTIVE: Presentation of the most important cardiac support systems for intensive care medicine, their indications and important risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Critical review of device manufacturer's specifications, current research and expert opinions...
April 5, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622973/effect-of-chronic-pretreatment-with-beta-blockers-on-no-reflow-phenomenon-in-diabetic-patients-with-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#13
Ali Mohammed Kareem Al-Jabari, Ahmed Shawky Elserafy, Hossamaldin Zaki Alsayed Abuemara
Background: No-reflow is an important factor as it predicts a poor outcome in patients undergoing primary angioplasty. In comparison with patients attaining TIMI 3 flow, patients with no-reflow have an increased incidence of ventricular arrhythmias, early congestive cardiac failure, cardiac rupture and cardiac death. As such, it is of paramount importance to consider strategies to prevent the occurrence of no-reflow phenomenon. Previous evidence suggests that Beta (β) blockers have multiple favorable effects on the vascular system not directly related to their effect on blood pressure...
September 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622970/sudden-cardiac-death-with-triple-pathologies-a-case-report
#14
R Razuin, F Nurquin, M N Shahidan, M N Julina
Sudden cardiac death in young adults may be associated with rare cardiomyopathies such as left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular (ARVC) cardiomyopathies. LVNC is characterised by hypertrabeculations and deep recesses of the left ventricle. ARVC presents with thin myocardium as a result of extensive fibro-fatty infiltrations. In both conditions, death may be due to arrhythmia, thromboembolic events or heart failure. We report a case of a 21-year old athletic young man who collapsed at the futsal court right after the game...
June 2017: Egypt Heart J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622508/identifying-novel-phenotypes-of-acute-heart-failure-using-cluster-analysis-of-clinical-variables
#15
Yu Horiuchi, Shuzou Tanimoto, A H M Mahbub Latif, Kevin Y Urayama, Jiro Aoki, Kazuyuki Yahagi, Taishi Okuno, Yu Sato, Tetsu Tanaka, Keita Koseki, Kota Komiyama, Hiroyoshi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Hara, Kengo Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is a heterogeneous disease caused by various cardiovascular (CV) pathophysiology and multiple non-CV comorbidities. We aimed to identify clinically important subgroups to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of AHF and inform clinical decision-making. METHODS: We evaluated detailed clinical data of 345 consecutive AHF patients using non-hierarchical cluster analysis of 77 variables, including age, sex, HF etiology, comorbidities, physical findings, laboratory data, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and treatment during hospitalization...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622423/optimization-of-heart-rate-lowering-therapy-in-hospitalized-patients-with-heart-failure-insights-from-the-optimize-heart-failure-care-program
#16
Yuri M Lopatin, Martin R Cowie, Anna A Grebennikova, Hamayak S Sisakian, Zurab M Pagava, Hamlet G Hayrapetyan, Timur A Abdullaev, Leonid G Voronkov, Anna I Chesnikova, Vira I Tseluyko, Ekaterina I Tarlovskaya, Gülnaz M Dadashova, Salim F Berkinbaev, Maria G Glezer, Natalia A Koziolova, Amina G Rakisheva, Zviad V Kipiani, Alena K Kurlyanskaya
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization is an opportunity to optimize heart failure (HF) therapy. As optimal treatment for hospitalized HF patients in sinus rhythm with heart rate≥70bpm is unclear, we investigated the impact of combined beta-blocker (BB) and ivabradine versus BBs alone on short and longer term mortality and rehospitalization. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 370 hospitalized HF patients with heart rate≥70bpm (150 BB+ivabradine, 220 BB alone) in the Optimize Heart Failure Care Program in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan, from October 2015 to April 2016...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618581/causes-and-predictors-of-30-day-readmission-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-cardiogenic-shock
#17
Mahek Shah, Shantanu Patil, Brijesh Patel, Manyoo Agarwal, Carlos D Davila, Lohit Garg, Sahil Agrawal, Navin K Kapur, Ulrich P Jorde
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurs as a result of irreversible damage to cardiac myocytes secondary to lack of blood supply. Cardiogenic shock complicating AMI has significant associated morbidity and mortality, and data on postdischarge outcomes are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: We derived the study cohort of patients with AMI and cardiogenic shock from the 2013 to 2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Readmission Database. Incidence, predictors, and causes of 30-day readmissions were analyzed...
April 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615204/effect-of-air-quality-alerts-on-human-health-a-regression-discontinuity-analysis-in-toronto-canada
#18
Hong Chen, Qiongsi Li, Jay S Kaufman, Jun Wang, Ray Copes, Yushan Su, Tarik Benmarhnia
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution is a major health risk globally. To reduce adverse health effects on days when air pollution is high, government agencies worldwide have implemented air quality alert programmes. Despite their widespread use, little is known about whether these programmes produce any observable public-health benefits. We assessed the effectiveness of such programmes using a quasi-experimental approach. METHODS: We assembled a population-based cohort comprising all individuals who resided in the city of Toronto (Ontario, Canada) from 2003 to 2012 (about 2·6 million people)...
January 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609853/risk-factors-for-sepsis-morbidity-in-a-rural-hospital-population-a-case-control-study
#19
Peter D Ahiawodzi, Kimberly Kelly, Alyssa Massengill, Dorothea K Thompson
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for sepsis morbidity in a rural hospital population. METHODS: We used a case-control study design. Patients included adult admissions to a rural health system between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2015. Case selection was by electronic medical record search for codes of the ICD-9-CM. Cases were validated against Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment criteria. Multiple logistic regression modeling was performed to determine which predefined variables were significantly associated with sepsis diagnosis...
March 30, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608761/correlates-and-consequences-central-sleep-apnea-in-a-national-sample-of-u-s-veterans
#20
David Ratz, Wyndy Wiitala, M S Badr, Jennifer Burns, Susmita Chowdhuri
The prevalence and consequences of central sleep apnea (CSA) in adults are not well- described. By utilizing the large Veterans Health Administration (VHA) national administrative databases, we sought to determine the incidence, clinical correlates and impact of CSA on healthcare utilization in Veterans. Analysis of a retrospective cohort of patients with sleep disorders was performed from outpatient visits and inpatient admissions from fiscal years 2006 through 2012. The CSA group, defined by International Classification of Diseases-9, was compared to a non-CSA group...
March 28, 2018: Sleep
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