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Farzana Rahman, Mehedi Hassan, Rozana Rosli, Ibrahem Almousally, Abdulsamie Hanano, Denis J Murphy
Bioinformatics analyses of caleosin/peroxygenases (CLO/PXG) demonstrated that these genes are present in the vast majority of Viridiplantae taxa for which sequence data are available. Functionally active CLO/PXG proteins with roles in abiotic stress tolerance and lipid droplet storage are present in some Trebouxiophycean and Chlorophycean green algae but are absent from the small number of sequenced Prasinophyceaen genomes. CLO/PXG-like genes are expressed during dehydration stress in Charophyte algae, a sister clade of the land plants (Embryophyta)...
2018: PloS One
Abdulsamie Hanano, Mari Alkara, Ibrahem Almousally, Mouhnad Shaban, Farzana Rahman, Mehedi Hassan, Denis J Murphy
Aflatoxins (AF) are highly detrimental to human and animal health. We recently demonstrated that the Aspergillus flavus caleosin, AfPXG, had peroxygenase activity and mediated fungal development and AF accumulation. We now report the characterization of an AfPXG -deficient line using reference strain NRRL3357. The resulting fungal phenotype included a severe decrease in mycelium growth, failure to sporulate, and reduced AF production. Increasing cellular oxidative status by administration of hydrogen peroxide and cumene hydroperoxide did not restore the AfPXG -deficient phenotype, which suggests that AfPXG -deficiency is not directly related to oxidative stress...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Farah Zaaboul, Husnain Raza, Cao Chen, Yuanfa Liu
A microscopic image of a section of a peanut seed shows that oil bodies (OBs) are a small droplet of oil that is dispersed throughout the whole seed. The protein profile of peanut's OBs recovered using the aqueous extraction method at different pH was found to have 2 oleosin isoforms of 14 and 16 kDa. Moreover, OBs essential amino acids are 1.52 higher than those in the PPI. Oleic acid and linoleic acid are the major fatty acids in both cold press peanut oil and OBs regardless of pH. Tocopherol content went from 270...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science
Yu-En Shih, Yu-Chih Lin, Tse-Yu Chung, Mei-Chun Liu, Guan-Heng Chen, Chia-Chang Wu, Jason T C Tzen
Astringency, a sensory characteristic of food and beverages rich in polyphenols, mainly results from the formation of complexes between polyphenols and salivary proteins, causing a reduction of the lubricating properties of saliva. To develop an in vitro assay to estimate the astringency of oolong tea infusion, artificial oil bodies were constituted with sesame oil sheltered by a modified caleosin fused with histatin 3, one of the human salivary small peptides. Aggregation of artificial oil bodies was induced when they were mixed with oolong tea infusion or its major polyphenolic compound, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) of 100μM as observed in light microscopy...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Yeming Chen, Yajing Chen, Luping Zhao, Xiangzhen Kong, Zhaoqi Yang, Yufei Hua
Peanut seeds are rich in oil, which exists as oil bodies (OBs). By extraction, peanut crude OBs are obtained and can be used as a food ingredient. In a previous study, it was found that the crude OBs contained an unknown protease, which hydrolyzed the oleosins. This would disrupt the integrity of OBs, and therefore, affect their physical and oxidative stability. In this study, the protein composition of crude OBs and some properties of the unknown protease were examined. The results showed that the protease was a two-chain (32 and 9kDa) aspartic protease, which showed high affinity for OBs...
February 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Buntora Pasaribu, Miki M C Wang, Pei-Luen Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the oil body protein and function in seeds of mature seagrass, Thalassia hemprichii. RESULTS: Seeds of mature seagrass T. hemprichii when stained with a fluorescent probe BODIPY showed the presence of oil bodies in intracellular cells. Triacylglycerol was the major lipid class in the seeds. Protein extracted from seagrass seeds was subjected to immunological cross-recognition with land plant seed oil body proteins, such as oleosin and caleosin, resulting in no cross-reactivity...
November 2017: Biotechnology Letters
Anna Ophelia Müller, Katharina Franziska Blersch, Anna Lena Gippert, Till Ischebeck
In recent years, lipid droplets have emerged as dynamic organelles rather than inactive storage sites for triacylglycerol. The number of proteins known to be associated with lipid droplets has increased, but remains small in comparison with those found with other organelles. Also the mechanisms of how lipid droplets are recognized and bound by proteins need deeper investigation. Here, we present a fast, simple and inexpensive approach to assay proteins for their association with lipid droplets in vivo that can help to screen protein candidates or mutated variants of proteins for their association in an efficient manner...
March 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Buntora Pasaribu, Chii-Shiarng Chen, Yue Ken Liao, Pei-Luen Jiang, Jason T C Tzen
Unique proteins including steroleosin, caleosin, oleosin-L, and oleosin-G have been identified in seed oil bodies of pine (Pinus massoniana). In this study, mature pollen grains with wing-like bladders were collected from pine (Pinus elliottii). Ultrastructural studies showed that oil bodies were present in pollen grains, but not the attached bladders, and the presence of oil bodies was further confirmed by fluorescent staining with BODIPY 493/503. Stable oil bodies were successfully purified from pine pollen grains, and analyzed to be mainly composed of triacylglycerols...
February 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Zhenle Yang, Hongying Ji, Dantong Liu
Cyperus esculentus is unique in that it can accumulate rich oil in its tubers. However, the underlying mechanism of tuber oil biosynthesis is still unclear. Our transcriptional analyses of the pathways from pyruvate production up to triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation in tubers revealed many distinct species-specific lipid expression patterns from oil seeds and fruits, indicating that in C. esculentus tuber: (i) carbon flux from sucrose toward plastid pyruvate could be produced mostly through the cytosolic glycolytic pathway; (ii) acetyl-CoA synthetase might be an important contributor to acetyl-CoA formation for plastid fatty acid biosynthesis; (iii) the expression pattern for stearoyl-ACP desaturase was associated with high oleic acid composition; (iv) it was most likely that endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated acyl-CoA synthetase played a significant role in the export of fatty acids between the plastid and ER; (v) lipid phosphate phosphatase (LPP)-δ was most probably related to the formation of the diacylglycerol (DAG) pool in the Kennedy pathway; and (vi) diacylglyceroltransacylase 2 (DGAT2) and phospholipid:diacylglycerolacyltransferase 1 (PDAT1) might play crucial roles in tuber oil biosynthesis...
December 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Gopal Ji Tiwari, Qing Liu, Pushkar Shreshtha, Zhongyi Li, Sadequr Rahman
BACKGROUND: The bran from polished rice grains can be used to produce rice bran oil (RBO). High oleic (HO) RBO has been generated previously through RNAi down-regulation of OsFAD2-1. HO-RBO has higher oxidative stability and could be directly used in the food industry without hydrogenation, and is hence free of trans fatty acids. However, relative to a classic oilseed, lipid metabolism in the rice grain is poorly studied and the genetic alteration in the novel HO genotype remains unexplored...
August 31, 2016: BMC Plant Biology
Abdulsamie Hanano, Ibrahem Almousally, Mouhnad Shaban, Farzana Rahman, Elizabeth Blee, Denis J Murphy
Contamination of aquatic environments with dioxins, the most toxic group of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), is a major ecological issue. Dioxins are highly lipophilic and bioaccumulate in fatty tissues of marine organisms used for seafood where they constitute a potential risk for human health. Lipid droplets (LDs) purified from date palm, Phoenix dactylifera, seeds were characterized and their capacity to extract dioxins from aquatic systems was assessed. The bioaffinity of date palm LDs toward 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), the most toxic congener of dioxins was determined...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Buntora Pasaribu, Tse-yu Chung, Chii-Shiarng Chen, Pei-Luen Jiang, Jason T C Tzen
Three classes of integral proteins termed oleosin, caleosin and steroleosin have been identified in seed oil bodies of diverse angiosperm species. Recently, two oleosin isoforms and one caleosin were identified in megagametophyte oil bodies of pine (Pinus massoniana), a representative gymnosperm species. In this study, a putative steroleosin of approximately 41 kDa was observed in isolated oil bodies of pine megagametophytes, and its corresponding cDNA fragment was obtained by PCR cloning and further confirmed by mass spectrometric analysis...
April 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Jianqin Huang, Tong Zhang, Qixiang Zhang, Ming Chen, Zhengjia Wang, Bingsong Zheng, Guohua Xia, Xianyou Yang, Chunying Huang, Youjun Huang
BACKGROUND: Hickory (Carya cathayensis Sarg.) accumulates more than 70% oil and 90% unsaturated fatty acids with considerably high oleic acid in its mature embryo. The concurrent global trancriptomic and lipidomic analyses provided a framework for better understanding of glycerolipid biosynthesis and metabolism in the hickory nut. RESULTS: The synthetical regulation of numerous leading lipid-related genes harmonized with the oil accumulation and fatty acid conversion in embryo development...
February 16, 2016: BMC Genomics
Yue Shen, Mingzhe Liu, Lili Wang, Zhuowei Li, David C Taylor, Zhixi Li, Meng Zhang
Caleosins are a class of Ca(2+) binding proteins that appear to be ubiquitous in plants. Some of the main proteins embedded in the lipid monolayer of lipid droplets, caleosins, play critical roles in the degradation of storage lipids during germination and in lipid trafficking. Some of them have been shown to have histidine-dependent peroxygenase activity, which is believed to participate in stress responses in Arabidopsis. In the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, caleosins have been examined extensively. However, little is known on a genome-wide scale about these proteins in other members of the Brassicaceae...
April 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Yanhua Fan, Almudena Ortiz-Urquiza, Timothy Garrett, Yan Pei, Nemat O Keyhani
Eukaryotic cells store lipids in membrane-encased droplets. The entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana, initiates infection via attachment of its spores to the epicuticle or waxy layer of target insects, degrading and assimilating host surface hydrocarbons, carbohydrates and proteins. Caleosins are components of the proteinaceous coat of lipid droplets and a single B. bassiana caleosin homologue, Bbcal1, was identified and characterized. The BbCal1 sequence contained an EF-hand Ca(2+) binding domain and potential hydrophobic stretches similar to those found in plant caleosins, along with a proline knot motif defined by only two proline residues...
November 2015: Environmental Microbiology
Abdulsamie Hanano, Ibrahem Almousally, Mouhnad Shaban, Elizabeth Blee
Caleosins are a small family of calcium-binding proteins endowed with peroxygenase activity in plants. Caleosin-like genes are present in fungi; however, their functions have not been reported yet. In this work, we identify a plant caleosin-like protein in Aspergillus flavus that is highly expressed during the early stages of spore germination. A recombinant purified 32-kDa caleosin-like protein supported peroxygenase activities, including co-oxidation reactions and reduction of polyunsaturated fatty acid hydroperoxides...
September 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Zita Purkrtová, Thierry Chardot, Marine Froissard
Caleosin, a calcium-binding protein associated with plant lipid droplets, stimulates lipid accumulation when heterologously expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Accumulated lipids are stored in cytoplasmic lipid droplets that are stabilised by incorporated caleosin. We designed a set of mutants affecting putative crucial sites for caleosin function and association with lipid droplets, i.e. the N-terminus, the EF-hand motif and the proline-knot motif. We investigated the effect of introduced mutations on caleosin capacity to initiate lipid accumulation and on caleosin sorting within cell as well as on its association with lipid droplets...
August 1, 2015: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Arjun Sham, Khaled Moustafa, Salma Al-Ameri, Ahmed Al-Azzawi, Rabah Iratni, Synan AbuQamar
Plants have evolved with intricate mechanisms to cope with multiple environmental stresses. To adapt with biotic and abiotic stresses, plant responses involve changes at the cellular and molecular levels. The current study was designed to investigate the effects of combinations of different environmental stresses on the transcriptome level of Arabidopsis genome using public microarray databases. We investigated the role of cyclopentenones in mediating plant responses to environmental stress through TGA (TGACG motif-binding factor) transcription factor, independently from jasmonic acid...
2015: PloS One
Christian Schwager, Skadi Kull, Susanne Krause, Frauke Schocker, Arnd Petersen, Wolf-Meinhard Becker, Uta Jappe
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy is one of the most severe class I food allergies with increasing prevalence. Especially lipophilic allergens, such as oleosins, were found to be associated with severe symptoms, but are usually underrepresented in diagnostic extracts. Therefore, this study focused on isolation, molecular characterization and assessment of the allergenicity of peanut oleosins. METHODS AND RESULTS: A comprehensive method adapted for the isolation of peanut oil bodies of high purity was developed comprising a stepwise removal of seed storage proteins from oil bodies...
2015: PloS One
Abdulsamie Hanano, Jean-Jacques Bessoule, Thierry Heitz, Elizabeth Blée
Caleosins, mostly found in lipid droplets of seeds and leaves, are believed to play physiological roles through their enzymatic capacities to produce oxylipins. We recently identified the caleosin RD20 as a peroxygenase reducing endogenous fatty acid hydroperoxides into their corresponding alcohols. Such oxylipins confer tolerance to oxidative stress by decreasing reactive oxygen species accumulation and by minimizing cell death. RD20 expression being induced by pathogens, we have examined the mode of action of this caleosin in response to biotic stress...
2015: Plant Signaling & Behavior
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