keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

archives of surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757452/prevalence-of-anomalously-originating-occipital-artery-in-a-group-of-turkish-individuals-a-retrospective-study-using-angiography
#1
Nese Keser, Osman Kula, Merih Is, Ismail Yardimcioglu
AIM: Although it is well known that the occipital artery (OA) originates from the external carotid artery (ECA), the incidence of variations remains unknown. In our study, we investigated the prevalence of anomalously originating OA using angiography in a group of Turkish individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The images recorded in the picture archiving and communication system for a total of 114 patients, in which the whole vertebral artery, as well as the ECA and its branches, were visualized, were retrospectively reviewed...
April 26, 2018: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725427/mismatch-repair-deficient-status-associates-with-favorable-prognosis-of-eastern-chinese-population-with-sporadic-colorectal-cancer
#2
Qing Gong, Huan-Hu Zhang, Sheng-Bo Sun, Wen-Min Ge, Yue Li, Yong-Cun Zhu, Le-Ping Li
The present study aimed to investigate the expression level of DNA mismatch repair gene (MMR) in in sporadic colorectal cancer (SCRC) in eastern China, and to investigate the association between MMR status and prognosis of patients with SCRC. Patient archives from the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Weihai Municipal Hospital (Weihai, China) were retrospectively collected between January 2011 and January 2012. Of the 221 consecutive patients identified, 192 patients who met the criterion were deemed eligible for inclusion...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720389/access-to-radical-resections-of-pancreatic-cancer-is-region-dependent-despite-the-public-healthcare-system-in-finland
#3
Reea Ahola, Heini Hölsä, Samuli Kiskola, Pirkka Ojala, Aino Pirttilä, Juhani Sand, Johanna Laukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the best treatment option to improve the prognosis of pancreatic cancer (PC). Our aim was to analyse whether PC treatment strategies show regional variation in Finland, a country with a nationwide public healthcare system. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with PC in 2003 and 2008 were identified from the Finnish Cancer Registry. The data regarding tumour, treatment, demographics and timespans to treatment were recorded from the patient archives...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697930/the-lithocatch-tm-by-boston-scientific-how-to-use-it-and-how-to-solve-a-common-problem
#4
Giuseppe Giusti, Marco Lucci Chiarissi, Antonello De Lisa
INTRODUCTION: The Lithocatch (TM) basket is a immobilization device commercialized by Boston Scientific. It allows to collect multiple stone fragments from the ureter. The ability of the basket to capture a large number of stone fragments, is however responsible for a problem connected to its usage: the entrapment of the basket inside the ureter. In this video we explain how to use it and how to solve this problem. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After positioning the Lithocatch (TM) over the fragments, the basket is opened and it is rotated through a special handle to collect stones...
April 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695370/effects-of-a-12-week-digital-care-program-for-chronic-knee-pain-on-pain-mobility-and-surgery-risk-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Gabriel Mecklenburg, Peter Smittenaar, Jennifer C Erhart-Hledik, Daniel A Perez, Simon Hunter
BACKGROUND: Chronic knee pain, most commonly caused by knee osteoarthritis, is a prevalent condition which in most cases can be effectively treated through conservative, non-surgical care involving exercise therapy, education, psychosocial support, and weight loss. However, most people living with chronic knee pain do not receive adequate care, leading to unnecessary use of opiates and surgical procedures. OBJECTIVE: Assess the efficacy of a remotely delivered digital care program for chronic knee pain...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692537/brown-fat-necrosis-with-calcifications-in-the-newborn-risk-factors-radiographic-findings-and-clinical-course
#6
Eleza T Golden, Paula Dickson, Stephen Simoneaux
Objective: To describe the radiographic appearance of subclinical calcified brown fat necrosis and the associated clinical and laboratory findings. Materials and Methods: Picture Archiving and Communications Sytem (PACS) was searched using keywords "soft tissue calcification" and "chest." The clinical record was searched for prior cardiac surgery, bypass, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygentation (ECMO) and prostaglandin use. Age when calcifications were first detected, location, resolution, and associated laboratory abnormalities were recorded...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691299/undifferentiated-sarcomas-in-children-harbor-clinically-relevant-oncogenic-fusions-and-gene-copy-number-alterations-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#7
Theodore W Laetsch, Angshumoy Roy, Lin Xu, Jennifer O Black, Cheryl M Coffin, Yueh-Yun Chi, Jing Tian, Sheri L Spunt, Douglas S Hawkins, Julia A Bridge, D Williams Parsons, Stephen X Skapek
PURPOSE: A comprehensive analysis of the genomics of undifferentiated sarcomas (UDS) is lacking.  We analyzed copy number alterations and fusion status in patients with UDS prospectively treated on Children's Oncology Group protocol ARST0332. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Copy number alterations were assessed by Oncoscan FFPE Express on 32 UDS. Whole-exome and transcriptome libraries from 8 tumors with sufficient archived material were sequenced on HiSeq (2x100 bp). Targeted RNA-sequencing using Archer chemistry was performed on two additional cases...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669701/crizotinib-in-patients-with-advanced-inoperable-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumours-with-and-without-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-gene-alterations-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-90101-create-a-multicentre-single-drug-prospective-non
#8
Patrick Schöffski, Jozef Sufliarsky, Hans Gelderblom, Jean-Yves Blay, Sandra J Strauss, Silvia Stacchiotti, Piotr Rutkowski, Lars H Lindner, Michael G Leahy, Antoine Italiano, Nicolas Isambert, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Raf Sciot, Thomas Van Cann, Sandrine Marréaud, Axelle Nzokirantevye, Sandra Collette, Agnieszka Wozniak
BACKGROUND: An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMFT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterised by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements. We assessed the activity and safety of crizotinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, targeting ALK in patients with advanced IMFT either with or without ALK alterations. METHODS: We did a multicentre, biomarker-driven, single-drug, non-randomised, open-label, two-stage phase 2 trial (European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 90101 CREATE) at 13 study sites (five university hospitals and eight specialty clinics) in eight European countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, and the UK)...
April 12, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658835/sonographic-features-of-multifocal-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas
#9
Dong Wook Kim, Gi Won Shin, Yoo Jin Lee, Soo Jin Jung, Hye Jin Baek, Taewoo Kang
OBJECTIVE: It is uncertain whether papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) of the same subtype display similar sonographic features. This retrospective analysis of pre-operative sonographic and pathologic findings aimed to assess whether PTCs of the same subtype share sonographic features. METHODS: Before undergoing thyroid surgery, 137 patients underwent ultrasound (US) examination. A single radiologist used a picture archiving and communication system and pathologic reports to investigate all sonographic features of the largest and second largest PTCs...
April 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652235/harvey-cushing-s-management-of-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#10
Courtney Pendleton, Allan J Belzberg, Robert J Spinner, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa
Harvey Cushing is widely regarded as one of the forefathers of neurosurgery, and is primarily associated with his work on intracranial pathology. However, he had a clinical and academic interest in peripheral nerve surgery. Through the courtesy of the Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives, the surgical records of the Johns Hopkins Hospital from 1896 to 1912 were reviewed. The records of a single patient undergoing brachial plexus exploration and cervical rib resection were selected for detailed review. The operative report and accompanying illustrations demonstrate Cushing's interest in adding approaches to the pathology of the brachial plexus to his operative armamentarium...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648924/operative-treatment-of-isolated-meniscus-injuries-in-adolescent-patients-a-meta-analysis-and-review
#11
Gina M Mosich, Virginia Lieu, Edward Ebramzadeh, Jennifer J Beck
CONTEXT: With the rise in sports participation and increased athleticism in the adolescent population, there is an ever-growing need to better understand adolescent meniscus pathology and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the operative management of meniscus tears in the adolescent population. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of PubMed (MEDLINE) and Google Scholar was performed for all archived years. STUDY SELECTION: Studies that reported on isolated meniscus tears in adolescent patients (age, 10-19 years) were included...
April 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623256/association-between-programmed-death-ligand-1-expression-and-the-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-pathway-in-angiosarcoma
#12
Sanjay P Bagaria, Zoran Gatalica, Todd Maney, Daniel Serie, Mansi Parasramka, Steven Attia, Murli Krishna, Richard W Joseph
Angiosarcoma is a vascular malignancy associated with a poor prognosis and chemotherapy resistance. The tumor immune microenvironment of angiosarcoma has not been characterized. We investigated the expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and programmed death 1 (PD-1) in angiosarcoma and correlated these findings with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-related gene expression and survival. Using archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues of primary and metastatic angiosarcoma specimens, we characterized the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of PD-L1 and PD-1...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613845/tumor-surface-regularity-at-mr-imaging-predicts-survival-and-response-to-surgery-in-patients-with-glioblastoma
#13
Julián Pérez-Beteta, David Molina-García, José A Ortiz-Alhambra, Antonio Fernández-Romero, Belén Luque, Elena Arregui, Manuel Calvo, José M Borrás, Bárbara Meléndez, Ángel Rodríguez de Lope, Raquel Moreno de la Presa, Lidia Iglesias Bayo, Juan A Barcia, Juan Martino, Carlos Velásquez, Beatriz Asenjo, Manuel Benavides, Ismael Herruzo, Antonio Revert, Estanislao Arana, Víctor M Pérez-García
Purpose To evaluate the prognostic and predictive value of surface-derived imaging biomarkers obtained from contrast material-enhanced volumetric T1-weighted pretreatment magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sequences in patients with glioblastoma multiforme. Materials and Methods A discovery cohort from five local institutions (165 patients; mean age, 62 years ± 12 [standard deviation]; 43% women and 57% men) and an independent validation cohort (51 patients; mean age, 60 years ± 12; 39% women and 61% men) from The Cancer Imaging Archive with volumetric T1-weighted pretreatment contrast-enhanced MR imaging sequences were included in the study...
April 3, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581087/improving-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-an-ostomy-using-a-novel-digital-wearable-device-protocol-for-a-pilot-study
#14
Dara Rouholiman, Jamison G Gamble, Sylvie D Dobrota, Ellen M Encisco, Ashish G Shah, Francisco J Grajales Iii, Larry F Chu
BACKGROUND: Ostomy surgeries involving the placement of an ostomy bag (eg, colostomy, ileostomy, urostomy, etc) have been shown to have a negative impact on health-related quality of life. To date, no studies have been conducted examining what impact, if any, wearable biosensors have on the health-related quality of life of ostomy patients. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we plan to assess the quality of life of ostomy patients using the Ostom-i alert sensor, a portable, wearable, Bluetooth-linked biosensor that facilitates easier ostomy bag output measurements...
March 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577356/ser-486-491-phosphorylation-and-inhibition-of-ampk%C3%AE-activity-is-positively-associated-with-gleason-score-metastasis-and-castration-resistance-in-prostate-cancer-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#15
Melissa A Babcook, Mahmut Akgul, Seunghee Margevicius, Gregory T MacLennan, Pingfu Fu, Robert Abouassaly, Sanjay Gupta
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPKα) activity is significantly inhibited by Ser-486/491 phosphorylation in cell culture and in vivo models of metastatic and castration-resistant prostate cancer, and hypothesized these findings may translate to clinical specimens. METHODS: In this retrospective, single-institution pilot study, 45 metastatic prostate cancer cases were identified within the University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center Pathology Archive with both metastasis and matched primary prostate tumor specimens in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks, and complete electronic medical records...
March 26, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563809/prognostic-significance-of-preoperative-ikbke-expression-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Wenjing Yang, Yan Qu, Bingxu Tan, Yibin Jia, Nana Wang, Peng Hu, Jianbo Wang
Purpose: IκB kinase epsilon (IKBKE; IKKε), a member of the nuclear factor-κB kinase inhibitor family, is upregulated in several human cancers, including breast cancer, prostate cancer, and ovarian cancer. Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common and most aggressively malignant cancers with dismal prognosis. However, the state of IKBKE expression in ESCC is still unknown and its potential value remains unexplored. Patients and methods: IKBKE protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 118 paraffin specimens of ESCC treated by curative surgery...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560146/radiographic-assessment-of-maxillary-sinus-lateral-wall-thickness-in-edentulous-posterior-maxilla
#17
Amir Kiakojori, Seyede Parisa Motamedi Nasab, Farida Abesi, Hemmat Gholinia
Background and aim: Given the importance of evaluating the maxillary sinus lateral wall thickness (LWT) to avoid complications during surgery, the aim of this study was to examine LWT as well as the effect of residual ridge height (RH), edentulous region, type of edentulism, age and gender on it. Methods: In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2016, 150 samples of the CBCT imaging archives of the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic in Babol, Iran, were evaluated retrospectively...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554069/the-combined-application-of-database-and-three-dimensional-image-registration-technology-in-the-restoration-of-total-nose-defect
#18
Wei Zeng, Gang Chen, Rui Ju, Huaqiang Yin, Weidong Tian, Wei Tang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to present a virtual planning protocol based on the database and three-dimensional (3D) image registration technology for the restoration of the total nasal defect, and evaluate its feasibility and clinical efficacy. METHODS: Patients were scanned with a FaceScan to obtain the 3D facial model which was stored in an Extensible Neuroimaging Archive Toolkit (XNAT) database. Personalized search and similarity evaluation were performed in the database to find a normal 3D facial model with the highest similarity to the patient's...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553430/the-radiological-evaluation-process-of-the-potential-live-kidney-donor-assessment-programme-at-al-shifa-hospital-study-and-clinical-audit
#19
Musallam Abukhalil, Osama Mehjez, Mohammed Aladdam, Bettina Bottcher, Sobhi Skaik, Mohammed Matter
BACKGROUND: In 2013, al-Shifa Hospital, the largest hospital in the Gaza Strip, introduced an assessment programme for potential kidney donors on the basis of medical and radiological evaluation. The aims of this study and an associated clinical audit were to examine the final outcome of the potential live kidney donors assessment programme, to review the findings and determine the level of accuracy of the radiological evaluations, to assess the completeness and standard of radiological record keeping, and to evaluate adherence to guidelines...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546554/a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-autologous-cranioplasty-with-custom-made-titanium-cranioplasty-long-term-follow-up
#20
Stephen Honeybul, David Anthony Morrison, Kwok M Ho, Christopher R P Lind, Elizabeth Geelhoed
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term outcomes of patients who had been randomly allocated to receive primary titanium cranioplasty or autologous bone graft following decompressive craniectomy. METHODS: Sixty-four patients had been previously enrolled and randomised to receive either their own bone graft or a primary titanium cranioplasty. Functional and cosmetic outcomes had previously been assessed at 1-year following the cranioplasty procedure. Hospital records and the Picture Archiving communication system were reviewed to determine how many patients had cranioplasty failure or associated complications such as seizures beyond 1 year-with a minimum of 24-month follow-up...
March 15, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
keyword
keyword
57139
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"