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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150418/immune-enhancing-formulas-for-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-esophagectomy-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Astrid Naranjo, Elizabeth Isenring, Laisa Teleni
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with an esophageal cancer can potentially be compromised with postoperative leaks or fistulae if patients' nutritional status is in a vulnerable stage. Currently in Australia, there is a growing need for clinicians to know whether use of immune-enhancing formulas (IEFs) containing Arg, omega-3, and RNA are a cost-effective approach compared with isonitrogenous-isocaloric formulas to reduce postoperative infectious complications in esophagectomy patients. Since IEFs may carry higher costs, this has led to inconsistencies in practice among clinicians and hospitals...
November 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134341/universit%C3%A3-tsspital-z%C3%A3-rich-80-years-of-neurosurgical-patient-care-in-switzerland
#2
Martin N Stienen, Carlo Serra, Lennart H Stieglitz, Niklaus Krayenbühl, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: The predecessor of today's Department of Neurosurgery, UniversitätsSpital Zürich (USZ), was founded 80 years ago as the first independent Swiss clinic dedicated to neurosurgical patient care. On the occasion of this anniversary, we aimed to highlight the history of neurosurgery as a specialty at the USZ, and to put it into the historical context of Swiss and European Neurosurgery. METHOD: A literature review was conducted and we searched the archives of the USZ and the city of Zurich, as well as those of Swiss journals to extract relevant published articles, books, historical reports and pictures...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121384/correlation-between-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-chronic-otorrhea
#3
Fernanda Martinho Dobrianskyj, Ísis Rocha Gonçalves, Yumi Tamaoki, Edson Ibrahim Mitre, Fernando A Ribeiro
Many studies have attempted to correlate chronic otorrhea in children and in adults with the sensorineural hearing loss in the affected ear, with contradictory results. This loss might be the result of the likely toxicity of the bacteria involved, effects of inflammatory cytokines, or constant use of ototoxic antibiotics. All studies evaluated to date compared the affected ear with the normal contralateral ear. From the digitized archive of otologic surgery files of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Santa Casa de São Paulo School of Medical Sciences, the ears of patients with chronic otorrhea were evaluated visually and compared with the normal contralateral ears...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117061/three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-fundus-of-the-human-internal-acoustic-canal
#4
Nadine Schart-Morén, Sune Larsson, Helge Rask-Andersen, Hao Li
OBJECTIVES: Documentation of the nerve components in the internal acoustic canal is essential before cochlea implantation surgery. Interpretations may be challenged by wide anatomical variations of the VIIIth nerve and their ramifications. Malformations may further defy proper nerve identification. DESIGN: Using microcomputed tomography, we analyzed the fundus bone channels in an archival collection of 113 macerated human temporal bones and 325 plastic inner molds...
November 7, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106318/single-versus-multi-incisional-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Ahmed A Abouarab, Mohamed Rahouma, Mohamed Kamel, Galal Ghaly, Abdelrahman Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) is conventionally performed through multiple small incisions (C-VATS). Recent studies have reported encouraging results with the single-incision VATS (S-VATS) over the conventional technique. However, these studies were either small in size, unfocused, nonuniform, retrospective, lacking follow-up information, or focused on pain. We aim to validate previously reported results in a single large meta-analysis, including only the best evidence studies available...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099270/accuracy-of-a-point-of-care-luteinizing-hormone-test-for-help-in-distinguishing-between-sexually-intact-and-ovariectomized-or-castrated-domestic-cats
#6
Matthew R Krecic, Brian A DiGangi, Brenda Griffin
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of a commercial luteinizing hormone (LH) test as an aid in distinguishing between sexually intact and ovariectomized or castrated domestic cats. Methods Convenience serum samples collected from sexually intact female and male cats (n = 67) undergoing elective sterilization surgery and archived sera from ovariectomized and castrated cats (n = 54) were tested for LH using a commercial diagnostic assay. Test results were compared with the known reproductive status of the cats...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079551/assessing-the-value-of-prehabilitation-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-according-to-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-pathway-for-the-improvement-of-postoperative-outcomes-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Cornelia Merki-Künzli, Marta Kerstan-Huber, Denise Switalla, David Gisi, Dimitri Aristotle Raptis, Nicola Greco, Giuseppe Mungo, Markus Wirz, Severin Gloor, Merima Misirlic, Stefan Breitenstein, Christoph Tschuor
BACKGROUND: A key element in the postoperative phase of the standardized Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) treatment pathways is mobilization. Currently, there are no recommendations in the ERAS guidelines for preoperative physical activity. Patients undergoing major surgery are prone to functional decline due to the impairment of muscle, cardiorespiratory, and neurological function as a response to surgical stress. It has been shown that preoperative physical training reduces postoperative complications...
October 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076320/how-to-deal-with-ethical-issues-involving-animal-experiments-and-identifiable-photographs-in-articles-published-in-archives-of-plastic-surgery
#8
Sun Huh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075965/video-content-analysis-of-surgical-procedures
#9
Constantinos Loukas
BACKGROUND: In addition to its therapeutic benefits, minimally invasive surgery offers the potential for video recording of the operation. The videos may be archived and used later for reasons such as cognitive training, skills assessment, and workflow analysis. Methods from the major field of video content analysis and representation are increasingly applied in the surgical domain. In this paper, we review recent developments and analyze future directions in the field of content-based video analysis of surgical operations...
October 26, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075317/multiple-oncogenic-viruses-are-present-in-human-breast-tissues-before-development-of-virus-associated-breast-cancer
#10
James S Lawson, Wendy K Glenn
BACKGROUND: Multiple oncogenic viruses including, mouse mammary tumor virus, bovine leukemia virus, human papilloma virus, and Epstein Barr virus, have been identified as separate infectious pathogens in human breast cancer. Here we demonstrate that these four viruses may be present in normal and benign breast tissues 1 to 11 years before the development of same virus breast cancer in the same patients. METHODS: We combined the data we developed during investigations of the individual four oncogenic viruses and breast cancer...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065041/publication-rate-of-podium-presentations-at-the-orthopaedic-trauma-association-annual-meetings-2008-2012
#11
Benjamin R Williams, Lauren M MacCormick, Dylan L McCreary, Anthonly J Dugarte, Brian P Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To determine journal publication rates of podium presentations from the OTA Annual Meetings between 2008 and 2012. METHODS: Podium presentations from the 2008 to 2012 OTA annual meeting were compiled from the Annual Meeting archives. During December 2016, PubMed searches were performed using individual keywords in the abstract title and content. The results were reviewed for matches to the meeting abstracts with regards to title, authors, and abstract content...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063742/corrigenda-omission-of-the-description-of-informed-consent-on-the-identifiable-photos-and-the-description-on-ethical-treatment-of-experimental-animals
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050964/surgical-site-infection-following-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-a-closed-ankle-fractures-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#13
Ran Sun, Mingqiao Li, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaodong Li, Lumei Wu, Zheng Chen, Kang Chen
BACKGROUND: Identification of risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) after surgical ankle fractures was important, but related evidence was inadequate. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence and risk factors for SSI after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of a closed ankle fractures. METHODS: Patients who underwent ORIF for a closed ankle fractures at 3 centers between July 2015 and January 2017 were included. Electronic medical recordings (EMR) and Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS) were inquired for information on patients' clinical and radiographic characteristics...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022330/bladder-stone-management-an-update
#14
Antonio Cicione, Cosimo DE Nunzio, Stefano Manno, Rocco Damiano, Alessandro Posti, Estevao Lima, Andrea Tubaro, Filippo Balloni
INTRODUCTION: Bladder stone (BS) is a rare disease curable with several options. Herein, we reviewed the specific literature in order to update the current BS management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive systematic MEDLINE search was performed for English language reports published before April 2017 using the BS related terms, i.e. bladder-vesical calculi, lithotripsy. Then manuscripts references were screened to identify unfounded studies. Studies regarding BS in children were excluded...
October 11, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988753/a-biopsy-based-17-gene-genomic-prostate-score-as-a-predictor-of-metastases-and-prostate-cancer-death-in-surgically-treated-men-with-clinically-localized-disease
#15
Stephen K Van Den Eeden, Ruixiao Lu, Nan Zhang, Charles P Quesenberry, Jun Shan, Jeong S Han, Athanasios C Tsiatis, Amethyst D Leimpeter, H Jeffrey Lawrence, Phillip G Febbo, Joseph C Presti
BACKGROUND: A 17-gene biopsy-based reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay, which provides a Genomic Prostate Score (GPS-scale 0-100), has been validated as an independent predictor of adverse pathology and biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy (RP) in men with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer (PCa). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate GPS as a predictor of PCa metastasis and PCa-specific death (PCD) in a large cohort of men with localized PCa and long-term follow-up...
October 5, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986337/improving-neuromuscular-monitoring-and-reducing-residual-neuromuscular-blockade-with-e-learning-protocol-for-the-multicenter-interrupted-time-series-invert-study
#16
Jakob Louis Demant Thomsen, Ole Mathiesen, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Doris Østergaard, Jens Engbaek, Mona Ring Gätke
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxants facilitate endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia and improve surgical conditions. Residual neuromuscular blockade occurs when the patient is still partially paralyzed when awakened after surgery. The condition is associated with subjective discomfort and an increased risk of respiratory complications. Use of an objective neuromuscular monitoring device may prevent residual block. Despite this, many anesthetists refrain from using the device. Efforts to increase the use of objective monitoring are time consuming and require the presence of expert personnel...
October 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974353/growth-curves-for-intracranial-volume-in-normal-asian-children-fortify-management-of-craniosynostosis
#17
Hideaki Kamochi, Ataru Sunaga, Daekwan Chi, Rintaro Asahi, Shiho Nakagawa, Masanori Mori, Hirokazu Uda, Shunji Sarukawa, Yasushi Sugawara, Kotaro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: Although the charting of normal intracranial volume (ICV) is fundamental for managing craniosynostosis, Asian norms in this regard are unknown. The purpose of this study was to establish a growth curve for ICVs in a large series of normal Asian children, providing reference values to guide corrective surgery. METHODS: A total of 124 normal children (male, 63; female, 61) and 41 children diagnosed with craniosynostoses were analyzed. Patients aged 0-8 years presenting to the emergency room and subjected to computed tomography (CT) for head trauma served as the reference cohort...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953522/use-of-fat-grafts-in-facial-reconstruction-on-the-wounded-soldiers-from-the-first-world-war-wwi-by-hippolyte-morestin-1869-1919
#18
Nadia Benmoussa, Kevin Hansen, Philippe Charlier
INTRODUCTION: During the Great War of 1914 to 1918, spectacular progress was made in the field of facial reconstruction. The sheer number and severity of facial lesions inflicted during the fighting obliged French and German surgeons to take a close interest in the treatment of patients wounded in such a manner. As head surgeon of the fifth division "blessés de la face" at the hospital of Val-de-Grace, Hippolyte Morestin was responsible for one of the largest surgical departments specializing in facial surgery and reconstruction during the war...
November 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946715/research-plastic-surgery-and-archives-of-plastic-surgery
#19
Won Jai Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945853/dr-albert-l-rhoton-jr-s-time-at-the-mayo-clinic-the-beginnings-of-a-remarkable-career
#20
Tarek Rayan, Matthew L Carlson, David G Piepgras, Michael J Link, Jamie J Van Gompel
Dr Albert L. Rhoton Jr became the focal point of neurosurgery's evolution in understanding the intricate and complex microanatomy of the human brain over the last 4 decades. His pioneering work on cadaveric specimens proved to be a pivotal endeavor in the pursuit to better understand the complex microsurgical anatomy of cranial surgery. This paper details his early career at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. A comprehensive review and synthesis of data acquired from the institutional historical archives including the Annual Reports to the Executive Committee, the Reports to the Board of Directors, the MAYOVOX Newsletter, the illustration archives of the Mayo Clinic Division of Creative Media, staff biographies, curriculum vitae, personal interviews, as well as full-text journal articles, and book publications was performed...
August 9, 2017: Neurosurgery
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