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asian journal of surgery

Soo Hyang Lee, Mun Geun Koo, Eun Taek Kang
BACKGROUND: Septal extension grafts are an effective means of extending nasal length in patients with a short nose. However, such grafts can be challenging in patients who only have small quantities of weak septal cartilage, such as some East Asian patients. We developed a rhinoplasty technique using ethmoid bone to create a cartilage-bone complex to overcome this issue, allowing adequate nasal lengthening. METHODS: Sixty-four women with short noses and inadequate septal cartilage determined by preoperative computed tomography underwent septal extension grafting with a cartilage-bone complex between January 2009 and December 2014...
January 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Ki-Soo Park, David Dae-Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: Upper blepharoplasty is indicated in Asians for double-eyelid fold creation, periorbital rejuvenation, and functional visual field improvement. This article introduces a technical classification for blepharoplasty methods and investigates approaches to evaluate its outcomes. METHODS: Of 535 patients undergoing aesthetic upper blepharoplasty in our institution in 1998-2011, 136 patients who were well followed up were retrospectively reviewed and categorized into four groups according to the techniques employed...
December 30, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Kamol Wattanakrai, Nattawut Chiemchaisri, Penpun Wattanakrai
BACKGROUND: Blepharoplasty is a common aesthetic surgery performed worldwide. In Asians, too high eyelid folds after blepharoplasty cause an unsatisfactory aesthetic outcome that is difficult to correct. In this article, the authors propose surgical techniques to correct the high eyelid fold after blepharoplasty. METHODS: During a 4-year period, 213 secondary blepharoplasties were performed to correct high folds. Postoperative results were reviewed, graded, and analyzed...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Jae Hyun Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of hairline advancement in treating patients with perceived close-set eyes due to a wide infratemple area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Infratemple area hairline advancement was performed in 19 patients with perceived close-set eyes caused by a wide infratemple area; all were women with a mean age of 29.4 years. RESULTS: The wide infratemple area was effectively narrowed in the frontal view in all patients...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Jingjing Sun, Dali Mu, Chunjun Liu, Kai Ji, Lin Chen, Wenyue Liu, Jie Luan
BACKGROUND: The inframammary fold (IMF) incision is widely used in Western countries for breast augmentation surgery, whereas the axillary incision is the dominant approach used in China, because many Chinese surgeons believe that the Asian population has a higher risk of developing hypertrophic scars. However, comparative data of scar assessment through different incisions in Chinese patients are scarce. The aims of the study were as follows: (1) to evaluate the outcomes of scar assessment using the Vancouver scar scale (VSS), combined with patient satisfaction scoring, in the scar assessment after breast augmentation surgery; (2) to compare the long-term cosmetic effects of surgical scars between axillary and IMF incisions...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Norihiro Ohba, Mayuko Ohba
BACKGROUND: Asian patients often desire reduction of the base and alar lobules of the Asian mesorrhine nose. Sill excision is commonly used, but may result in an angular or notched nostril rim. METHODS: We developed an internal method of alar base reduction involving triangle flaps for sill resection. This method avoids alar rim notching and teardrop deformity. Cinching sutures and double-layer closure avoid tension on the wound. We categorized the results in 50 patients (4 men, 46 women) who underwent surgery between November 2012 and August 2015 and who could be followed up for more than 3 months...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Sun Huh
This article is aimed at providing evidence of increased international recognition of Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery (CiOS) based on journal metrics. Since 7 years have passed since its launch in 2009, it is time to reflect on the journal's efforts to be recognized as a top-notch journal. The following journal metrics were analyzed from the journal's homepage and Web of Science Core Collection database: number of citable and noncitable articles; number of original articles supported by grants; editorial board members' countries; authors' countries; citing authors' countries; source titles of citing articles; impact factor; total citations; comparison of impact factor with 3 Science Citation Index Expanded journals; and Hirsch index (H-index)...
June 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Maoguo Shu, Lin He, Yingjun Su, Junli Shi, Xi Zhang, Xiangyu Liu, Xueyuan Yu
BACKGROUND: Direct brow lift surgery remains popular among Asian women despite its disadvantages. The traditional direct brow lift by a supra-brow incision is not suitable for Asian women because of their unique facial features, such as higher eyebrows, wider upper eyelids, and more orbital fat. Therefore, we designed a novel brow lift technique via a supra-brow combined with an infra-brow approach for Asian women. METHODS: An area of skin above and below the eyebrow was measured, demarcated, and surgically removed...
June 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Joel L Marmar
Varicoceles had been recognized in clinical practice for over a century. Originally, these procedures were utilized for the management of pain but, since 1952, the repairs had been mostly for the treatment of male infertility. However, the diagnosis and treatment of varicoceles were controversial, because the pathophysiology was not clear, the entry criteria of the studies varied among centers, and there were few randomized clinical trials. Nevertheless, clinicians continued developing techniques for the correction of varicoceles, basic scientists continued investigations on the pathophysiology of varicoceles, and new outcome data from prospective randomized trials have appeared in the world's literature...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Haiqian Xu, Wenjie Li, Yida Chen, Yangdong Zhu, Lijun Hao
BACKGROUND: The design methods for dual-plane implant pockets for axillary endoscopic breast augmentation vary among different countries. We applied a modified approach for an Asian population. METHODS: Seventy patients with micromastia underwent our modified approach between 2011 and 2014. Breasts were divided into two types according to the soft-tissue pinch thickness of the lower pole: type I (thickness >2 cm; Group I) and type II (thickness ≤2 cm; Group II)...
February 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Michael A Tonkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Hand Surgery
Hyung Woo Yim, Anh Nguyen, Yong Kyu Kim
BACKGROUND: From perspectives of differences in anatomic and cultural characteristics from Caucasians, Asians have been considered to undergo facial bone contouring surgery of the zygoma and mandible and fat grafting in the anterior mimetic area of midface. We have sought to develop more ready-to-use methods for increasing the applicability of custom facial implants in the field of esthetic surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed insertion of custom silicone implants after taking a clinical history and photographs in a total of seven patients (n = 7) between March 2008 and July 2014...
June 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Gordon H Bae, Austin W Lee, David J Park, Keiichiro Maniwa, David Zurakowski, Charles S Day
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the lack of diversity in plastic and orthopedic surgery persists into hand surgery through assessment of trainee demographics. METHODS: Demographic data were obtained from compilations on graduate medical education by the Journal of the American Medical Association. Ethnic diversity was assessed using the proportions of minority trainees. We analyzed the trends in ethnic diversity in hand, orthopedic, and plastic surgery from 1995 to 2012 by evaluating changes in proportions of African American, Hispanic, and Asian trainees...
April 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery
Seungil Chung, Byungjoon Ahn, Wonyong Yang, Jansik Burm, Jinsik Bum, Kiyup Kim, Sangyoon Kang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to report the outcome of retrotarsal tucking of Müller muscle-levator aponeurosis for the correction of borderline to moderate ptosis in conjunction with esthetic blepharoplasty in Asian eyelids and to explore the relationship between the extent of advancement and change in the eyelid position (MRD1). METHODS: The medical records of 290 consecutive patients who underwent retrotarsal tucking of Müller muscle-levator aponeurosis from February 2005 to November 2011 were reviewed...
February 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Yuzo Komuro, Takuya Koizumi, Shigeru Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: Although the fat-pad-sliding method reported by Loeb and the "arcus marginalis release with preservation of orbital fat" method reported by Hamra are useful techniques for correcting tear trough deformity in the Asian population, including Japanese patients, occasional cases of tear-trough deformity have persisted even after surgery. To solve this problem, the authors developed a novel orbicularis oculi muscle overlap method, which has enabled them to obtain good results. METHODS: The orbicularis oculi muscle overlap method was performed for 10 patients (9 women and 1 man) with prominent tear-trough deformity...
August 2014: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Tsutomu Mizuno
BACKGROUND: Pretarsal fullness of the lower eyelid has recently gained popularity in the Asian population. Hyaluronic acid injection is a simple, nonsurgical method for creating pretarsal fullness of the lower eyelid, but the effects last only 6-12 months. A need exists for a surgical procedure with long-term effects. We describe the use of a deep temporal fascia graft for subciliary augmentation of the lower eyelid. METHODS: Between September 2009 and October 2011, seven Japanese patients underwent subciliary augmentation of the lower eyelid...
April 2014: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Chong Zou, Feng Niu, Jianfeng Liu, Ying Chen, Meng Wang, Ruowei Su, Jia Xu, Gang An, Lai Gui
BACKGROUND: The zygomatic bone, which is located on both sides of the midface, significantly contributes to the overall facial form. Asian people usually have a wide midface and prominent zygoma. Reduction malarplasty is one of the most frequently performed facial contouring surgeries in Asian countries. This study aimed to evaluate the surgical outcomes of reduction malarplasty with a modified L-shaped osteotomy. METHODS: This study evaluated surgical outcomes of 30 patients (3 men and 27 women) who had undergone reduction malarplasty with a modified L-shaped osteotomy...
February 2014: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Joseph S Schwartz, Meredith Young, Ana M Velly, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the evolution of racial, ethnic, and gender diversity in US otolaryngology-head and neck surgery residency programs and compare these figures with other residency programs. DESIGN: Retrospective database review. SETTING: US residency programs. METHODS: Information concerning minority and female representation in US residency programs was obtained from annually published graduate medical education reports by the Journal of the American Medical Association from 1975 to 2010...
July 2013: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Qiming Zhao, Rongrong Zhou, XuDong Zhang, Huafeng Sun, Xin Lu, Dongsheng Xia, Mingli Song, Yang Liang
BACKGROUND: Human facial aesthetics relies on the classification of facial features and standards of attractiveness. However, there are no widely accepted quantitative criteria for facial attractiveness, particularly for Chinese Han faces. Establishing quantitative standards of attractiveness for facial landmarks within facial types is important for planning outcomes in cosmetic plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to determine quantitatively the criteria for attractiveness of eight female Chinese Han facial types...
April 2013: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
A Chen, C Gupte, K Akhtar, P Smith, J Cobb
Aims. To examine all relevant literature on the economic costs of osteoarthritis in the UK, and to compare such costs globally. Methods. A search of MEDLINE was performed. The search was expanded beyond peer-reviewed journals into publications by the department of health, national orthopaedic associations, national authorities and registries, and arthritis charities. Results. No UK studies were identified in the literature search. 3 European, 6 North American, and 2 Asian studies were reviewed. Significant variation in direct and indirect costs were seen in these studies...
2012: Arthritis
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