keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bronchiectasis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634173/a-comparison-of-2-respiratory-devices-for-sputum-clearance-in-adults-with-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis
#1
Yasmin R Silva, Tracy A Greer, Lucy C Morgan, Frank Li, Claude S Farah
BACKGROUND: Airway clearance techniques are a vital part of routine care for patients with bronchiectasis. There is no clear superior modality. The Flutter combines oscillations (6-20Hz) and positive expiratory pressure; the Lung Flute combines positive expiratory pressure and low frequency acoustic waves (18-22Hz), to augment clearance. This project aimed to compare these devices. METHODS: This was a randomized crossover study of adult subjects with stable non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (expectorating >25 mL/d)...
June 20, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630359/diagnosis-and-management-of-bronchiectasis
#2
REVIEW
Maeve P Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625577/risk-factors-for-chronic-cough-among-14-669-individuals-from-the-general-population
#3
Yunus Çolak, Børge G Nordestgaard, Lars C Laursen, Shoaib Afzal, Peter Lange, Morten Dahl
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for chronic cough in the general population have not been described systematically. We identified and ranked chronic cough risk factors at the individual and community level using data from 14669 individuals from the Copenhagen General Population Study. METHODS: Severity of chronic cough was assessed using the Leicester Cough Questionnaire(LCQ). We ranked chronic cough risk factors based on magnitude of age-adjusted odds ratios(ORs) at the individual level and of the population attributable risks(PARs) at the community level...
June 15, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620757/a-novel-homozygous-complex-deletion-in-cftr-caused-cystic-fibrosis-in-a-chinese-patient
#4
Keqiang Liu, Yaping Liu, Xue Li, Kai-Feng Xu, Xinlun Tian, Xue Zhang
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most frequent lethal genetic disorder among Caucasians, but is considered to be a very rare disease in Chinese population. Here, we present an 11-year-old Chinese CF patient with disseminated bronchiectasis and salty sweat, for whom exon sequencing followed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis of the CFTR gene was applied for mutation screening. A homozygous deletion involving exon 20 of CFTR was observed in the patient's genome. Molecular characterization of the breakpoints indicated that both alleles of this locus had an identical novel complex rearrangement (c...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618108/chronic-respiratory-disease-in-the-regional-and-remote-population-of-the-northern-territory-top-end-a-perspective-from-the-specialist-respiratory-outreach-service
#5
Anuk Kruavit, Melissa Fox, Rebecca Pearson, Subash Heraganahally
OBJECTIVE: To study the demographic, rates and types of chronic respiratory conditions in Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients in regional and remote communities of Northern Territory Top End, who were referred to the specialist respiratory outreach service. DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study over a 2 years period. SETTING: Remote community health clinics within the Northern Territory Top End visited by the specialist respiratory outreach team...
June 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616378/primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-presenting-with-spontaneous-pneumothorax-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Jia Hou, Yanan Zhang, Ri Gong, Xiwei Zheng, Xia Yang
BACKGROUND: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an autosomal recessive heterogeneous group of conditions with variable clinical findings. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old nonsmoking Chinese man present to the emergency department of our hospital with acute-onset breathlessness and sudden-onset left-sided chest pain. The patient had 6 years primary infertility and suffered from recurrent episodes of respiratory tract infections since childhood. Chest X-ray was performed, which showed a left-sided pneumothorax with lung collapse...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611970/bronchiectasis-in-children-current-concepts-in-immunology-and-microbiology
#7
REVIEW
Susan J Pizzutto, Kim M Hare, John W Upham
Bronchiectasis is a complex chronic respiratory condition traditionally characterized by chronic infection, airway inflammation, and progressive decline in lung function. Early diagnosis and intensive treatment protocols can stabilize or even improve the clinical prognosis of children with bronchiectasis. However, understanding the host immunologic mechanisms that contribute to recurrent infection and prolonged inflammation has been identified as an important area of research that would contribute substantially to effective prevention strategies for children at risk of bronchiectasis...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610665/anti-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-igg-antibodies-and-chronic-airway-infection-in-bronchiectasis
#8
Guillermo Suarez-Cuartin, Alex Smith, Hani Abo-Leyah, Ana Rodrigo-Troyano, Lidia Perea, Silvia Vidal, Vicente Plaza, Thomas C Fardon, Oriol Sibila, James D Chalmers
BACKGROUND: Identification of chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infection is important in the management of bronchiectasis, but requires repeated sputum sampling. We hypothesized that serum anti-PA IgG antibodies could diagnose chronic PA infection at a single visit. METHODS: Clinically stable bronchiectasis patients were studied prospectively. Chronic PA infection was defined as 2 or more positive sputum samples at least 3 months apart and/or failure to clear PA following eradication treatment...
July 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606745/the-characteristics-of-patients-with-pulmonary-mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare-complex-disease-diagnosed-by-bronchial-lavage-culture-compared-to-those-diagnosed-by-sputum-culture
#9
Koichi Maekawa, Megumi Naka, Saki Shuto, Yuka Harada, Yumiko Ikegami
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The utility of bronchoscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) disease has been reported; however, which patients require bronchoscopy remains unclear. Our objective was to identify the characteristics of the patients in whom bronchoscopy is needed for the diagnosis of MAC disease. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with pulmonary MAC disease were divided into two groups according to established diagnostic criteria: 39 patients were diagnosed by sputum culture and 15 patients were diagnosed by bronchial lavage culture...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602999/cough-and-bronchiectasis
#10
REVIEW
Paul McCallion, Anthony De Soyza
Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease with permanent airway dilatation, mucus retention and recurrent lower respiratory tract infections. Bronchiectasis is increasing in prevalence and has a significant morbidity and an excess mortality rate over age matched controls. It is increasingly identified during investigations into chronic cough and is evident high resolution CT scanning. There remain significant knowledge gaps in our understanding of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, prognosis and optimal treatments in bronchiectasis...
June 7, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599926/bronchiectasis-and-copd-overlap-a-case-of-mistaken-identity
#11
EDITORIAL
James D Chalmers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597685/a-gain-of-function-mutation-of-stat1-a-novel-genetic-factor-contributing-to-chronic-mucocutaneous-candidiasis
#12
Narges Eslami, Marzieh Tavakol, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Mohammad Gharegozlou, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Anne Puel, Satoshi Okada, Saba Arshi, Mohammad Hassan Bemanian, Morteza Fallahpour, Rasool Molatefi, Farhad Seif, Samaneh Zoghi, Nima Rezaei, Mohammad Nabavi
Heterozygous gain-of-function (GOF) mutations in the signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) have increasingly been identified as a genetic cause of autosomal-dominant (AD) chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC). In this article, we describe a 33-year-old man who experienced chronic refractory candidiasis, recurrent otitis media, and pneumonia resulting in bronchiectasis, severe oral and esophageal candidiases with strictures associated with hypothyroidism and immune hemolytic anemia. His son also suffered from persistent candidiasis, chronic diarrhea, poor weight gain, and pneumonia that resulted in his demise because of sepsis...
June 9, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596950/review-quality-of-life-in-children-with-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis
#13
REVIEW
Anna Marie Nathan, Jessie Anne de Bruyne, Kah Peng Eg, Surendran Thavagnanam
Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB) has gained renewed interest, due to its increasing health-care burden. Annual mortality statistics in England and Wales showed that under 1,000 people die from bronchiectasis each year, and this number is increasing by 3% yearly. Unfortunately, there is a severe lack of well-powered, randomized controlled trials to guide clinicians how to manage NCFB effectively. Quality-of-life (QOL) measures in NCFB are an important aspect of clinical care that has not been studied well...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596429/the-challenge-of-defining-exacerbation-in-bronchiectasis
#14
EDITORIAL
Miguel Ángel Martínez-García, Luis Máiz-Carro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596426/pulmonary-exacerbation-in-adults-with-bronchiectasis-a-consensus-definition-for-clinical-research
#15
Adam T Hill, Charles S Haworth, Stefano Aliberti, Alan Barker, Francesco Blasi, Wim Boersma, James D Chalmers, Anthony De Soyza, Katerina Dimakou, J Stuart Elborn, Charles Feldman, Patrick Flume, Pieter C Goeminne, Michael R Loebinger, Rosario Menendez, Lucy Morgan, Marlene Murris, Eva Polverino, Alexandra Quittner, Felix C Ringshausen, Gregory Tino, Antoni Torres, Montserrat Vendrell, Tobias Welte, Rob Wilson, Conroy Wong, Anne O'Donnell, Timothy Aksamit
There is a need for a clear definition of exacerbations used in clinical trials in patients with bronchiectasis. An expert conference was convened to develop a consensus definition of an exacerbation for use in clinical research.A systematic review of exacerbation definitions used in clinical trials from January 2000 until December 2015 and involving adults with bronchiectasis was conducted. A Delphi process followed by a round-table meeting involving bronchiectasis experts was organised to reach a consensus definition...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593161/surgical-management-of-a-coronary-bronchial-artery-fistula-combined-with-myocardial-ischemia-revealed-by-13-n-ammonia-positron-emission-tomography
#16
Hang Jun Choi, Hwan Wook Kim, Do Yeon Kim, Kuk Bin Choi, Keon Hyon Jo
A 71-year-old male with known bronchiectasis and atrial fibrillation was admitted to Seoul St. Mary's Hospital with recurrent transient ischemic attack. Radiofrequency ablation was performed to resolve the patient's atrial fibrillation, but failed. However, a fistula between the left circumflex artery and the bilateral bronchial arteries was found on computed tomography. Fistula ligation and a left-side maze operation were planned due to his recurrent symptom of dizziness, and these procedures were successfully performed...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592030/-follicular-bronchiolitis-report-of-3-cases-and-literature-review
#17
J Dai, H R Cai, Y Li, F Q Meng, J Q Wu
Objective: To improve understanding of the characteristics of follicular bronchiolitis(FB). Methods: The clinical data of 3 patients with FB confirmed by thoracoscopic lung biopsy were retrospectively analyzed. A literature search was performed with "follicular bronchiolitis" as the key word in China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, Wanfang and PubMed, Ovid Database. The time interval was from January 1947 to December 2015. Related articles of FB were retrieved and the clinical, radiographic characteristics and prognosis were analyzed...
June 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586522/is-sweat-chloride-predictive-of-severity-of-cystic-fibrosis-lung-disease-assessed-by-chest-computed-tomography
#18
Daan Caudri, David Zitter, Inez Bronsveld, Harm Tiddens
BACKGROUND: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) lung disease is characterized by a marked heterogeneity. Sweat chloride-level is a functional marker of the CF Transmembrane Regulator (CFTR) protein and could be an important predictor of later disease severity. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis children from the Rotterdam CF clinic with available sweat chloride level at diagnosis and at least one routine spirometry-controlled volumetric chest CT scan in follow-up were included...
June 6, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586348/primary-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-versus-drug-sensitive-tuberculosis-in-non-hiv-infected-patients-comparisons-of-ct-findings
#19
Duo Li, Wei He, Budong Chen, Pingxin Lv
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis has emerged as a global threat. The aim of this work was to compare the CT findings of primary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and drug-sensitive tuberculosis in non-AIDS adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2012 to February 2016, 89 patients with primary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis were retrospectively reviewed, and 89 consecutive drug sensitive TB patients with no history of anti-tuberculous chemotherapy from January 2014 to November 2014 were enrolled as control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583621/the-importance-of-subpleural-fibrosis-in-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-idiopathic-interstitial-pneumonias
#20
Tae Iwasawa, Tamiko Takemura, Koji Okudera, Toshiyuki Gotoh, Yuma Iwao, Hideya Kitamura, Tomohisa Baba, Takashi Ogura, Mari S Oba
PURPOSE: To compare computer-aided diagnostic results with histological findings obtained by surgical biopsy and evaluate whether subpleural lesion volumes can aid identification of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed computed tomography (CT) images of 79 patients (43 with fibrosing nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (fNSIP) and 36 with IPF) using the Gaussian Histogram Normalized Correlation (GHNC) system. We determined the H-pattern based on honeycomb and/or fibrosis with traction bronchiectasis on CT, and measured the H-pattern volume ratio at the biopsy sites and in the subpleural area...
May 2017: European Journal of Radiology
keyword
keyword
5713
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"