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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331966/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-sedation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#1
Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Caio Chaves Guimarães, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Fiqueiró, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of anxious patients undergoing dental procedures is still a challenge in clinical practice. Despite a wide variety of drugs for oral sedation in adult patients, there are relatively few systematic reviews that compare the effectiveness and safety of different drugs administered via this route. Thus, this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sedation with benzodiazepines and other agents to patients undergoing dental surgical procedures...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331224/centrifugal-partition-chromatography-enables-selective-enrichment-of-trimeric-and-tetrameric-proanthocyanidins-for-biomaterial-development
#2
Rasika S Phansalkar, Joo-Won Nam, Shao-Nong Chen, James B McAlpine, Ariene A Leme, Berdan Aydin, Ana-Karina Bedran-Russo, Guido F Pauli
Proanthocyanidins (PACs) find wide applications for human use including food, cosmetics, dietary supplements, and pharmaceuticals. The chemical complexity associated with PACs has triggered the development of various chromatographic techniques, with countercurrent separation (CCS) gaining in popularity. This study applied the recently developed DESIGNER (Depletion and Enrichment of Select Ingredients Generating Normalized Extract Resources) approach for the selective enrichment of trimeric and tetrameric PACs using centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329255/peri-implant-behavior-of-sloped-shoulder-dental-implants-used-for-all-on-four-protocols-an-histomorphometric-analysis-in-dogs
#3
Jose Luis Calvo Guirado, Aldo Fabian Lucero-Sánchez, Ana Boquete Castro, Marcus Abboud, Sergio Gehrke, Manuel Fernández Dominguez, Rafael Arcesio Delgado Ruiz
The aim of this study was to evaluate the soft tissue thickness and marginal bone loss around dental implants with sloped micro-threaded shoulder (35° angle) in comparing with conventional design, inserted 35° degrees angulated in post extraction sockets and immediate loaded with temporary prosthesis simulating the all-on-four protocol. Materials and Methods: Six fox hound dogs received forty-eight post extraction dental implants with the same diameter and length (Medentika, Germany), but with different neck configurations...
January 12, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326959/use-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-tooth-extractions-dental-implants-and-periodontal-surgical-procedures
#4
Katie J Suda, Heather Henschel, Ursula Patel, Margaret A Fitzpatrick, Charlesnika T Evans
Background: Guidelines for antibiotics prior to dental procedures for patients with specific cardiac conditions and prosthetic joints have changed, reducing indications for antibiotic prophylaxis. In addition to guidelines focused on patient comorbidities, systematic reviews specific to dental extractions and implants support preprocedure antibiotics for all patients. However, data on dentist adherence to these recommendations are scarce. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of veterans undergoing tooth extractions, dental implants, and periodontal procedures...
January 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326524/orthodontic-camouflage-a-treatment-option-a-clinical-case-report
#5
William Ubilla Mazzini, Fátima Mazzini Torres
Orthodontic camouflage provides an alternative treatment for angle III malocclusion since patients with limited economic resources cannot opt for orthognathic surgery, it being clear that correction will be achieved at the dental level and not at the bone complex. OBJECTIVE: To determine an alternative treatment for patients who do not have the possibility of having orthognathic surgery. CLINICAL CASE: A 13-year-old female patient, dolico facial biotype with slightly concave profile, with Class III Skeletal by mandibular prognathism, anterior crossbite, anterior diastema, and large mandibular body, molar class, and canine III...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323406/type-and-timing-of-dietary-acid-intake-and-tooth-wear-among-american-adults
#6
Lynn H Al-Zwaylif, Saoirse O'Toole, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVES: To explore the interrelationship between type and timing of dietary acid intake and tooth wear among American adults. METHODS: This study used data from 3,586 adults, aged 18 years and older, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-04. Information on four types of acidic food and beverages (fruits, fruit juices, alcoholic drinks, and soft drinks) and timing of consumption (meals versus snacks, defined according to percentage of total energy intake, self-reported eating occasion, and time of day) was extracted from two 24-hour dietary recalls...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322917/identification-of-natural-antimicrobial-peptides-from-bacteria-through-metagenomic-and-metatranscriptomic-analysis-of-high-throughput-transcriptome-data-of-taiwanese-oolong-teas
#7
Kai-Yao Huang, Tzu-Hao Chang, Jhih-Hua Jhong, Yu-Hsiang Chi, Wen-Chi Li, Chien-Lung Chan, K Robert Lai, Tzong-Yi Lee
BACKGROUND: Anti-microbial peptides (AMPs), naturally encoded by genes and generally containing 12-100 amino acids, are crucial components of the innate immune system and can protect the host from various pathogenic bacteria and viruses. In recent years, the widespread use of antibiotics has resulted in the rapid growth of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms that often induce critical infection and pathogenesis. Recently, the advent of high-throughput technologies has led molecular biology into a data surge in both the amount and scope of data...
December 21, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322655/efficiency-of-er-yag-laser-in-debonding-of-porcelain-laminate-veneers-by-contact-and-non-contact-laser-application-modes-in-vitro-study
#8
Mohand ALBalkhi, Eyad Swed, Omar Hamadah
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficiency of debonding porcelain laminate veneers (PLV) by using several laser parameters and two different application modes of Er:YAG laser [contact (CM) and non-contact (NCM)], by verification of the consumed PLV debonding time and the changes in dental pulp temperature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty extracted non-carious human maxillary premolars were prepared for receiving PLV. Sixteen of them were divided into two groups, each of them comprised eight samples based on the application mode; group A with NCM, and group B with CM...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322644/rosemary-castor-oils-and-propolis-extract-activity-against-candida-albicans-and-alterations-on-properties-of-dental-acrylic-resins
#9
Daiane Heidrich, Carmen Beatriz Borges Fortes, Aline Taís Mallmann, Clarissa Machado Vargas, Paula Borges Arndt, Maria Lúcia Scroferneker
PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vitro activity of 8% rosemary, 2% castor oils, and 12% propolis glycolic extract against Candida albicans, as well as the physical changes of properties in colorless and pink acrylic resins after immersion in these liquids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colorimetric, roughness, and Knoop microhardness assays were evaluated in 25 specimens distributed into five groups (3 test groups and 2 control groups - distilled water and hypochlorite 1%), totaling five specimens per group for each acrylic resin (colorless and pink)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321613/evaluation-of-in-vivo-digital-root-reconstruction-based-on-anatomical-characteristics-of-the-periodontal-ligament-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#10
Chenxin Wang, Yi Liu, Siwei Wang, Yong Wang, Yijiao Zhao
This study's aim was to develop and validate an approach to automatically extract and reconstruct three-dimensional (3D) digital root models from in vivo teeth based on the anatomical characteristics of the periodontal ligament using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data. Prior to undergoing dental extractions for orthodontic purposes, the CBCT data of each study participant were collected and imported into Mimics software to reconstruct 3D in vivo digital root models (test models). Twenty roots of 17 teeth extracted from the study's participants were scanned using a dental scanner to obtain 3D in vitro digital root models (reference models)...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318386/the-effect-of-dental-treatment-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#11
Bruna Brondani, Bruno Emmanuelli, Luana Severo Alves, Carlos José Soares, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to assess the effect of dental treatment on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adolescents from a city in South Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This longitudinal study included 129 adolescents aged 10 to 15 years who received dental caries treatment in a university clinic in Santa Maria, Brazil. The OHRQoL was measured using the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 11 to 14 years (CPQ11-14)...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316962/hopon-hyperbaric-oxygen-for-the-prevention-of-osteoradionecrosis-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-to-prevent-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-irradiated-mandible-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Richard Shaw, Christopher Butterworth, Binyam Tesfaye, Matthew Bickerstaff, Susanna Dodd, Gary Smerdon, Seema Chauhan, Peter Brennan, Keith Webster, James McCaul, Peter Nixon, Anastasios Kanatas, Paul Silcocks
BACKGROUND: Osteoradionecrosis of the mandible is the most common serious complication of radiotherapy for head and neck malignancy. For decades, hyperbaric oxygen has been employed in efforts to prevent those cases of osteoradionecrosis that are precipitated by dental extractions or implant placement. The evidence for using hyperbaric oxygen remains poor and current clinical practice varies greatly. We describe a protocol for a clinical trial to assess the benefit of hyperbaric oxygen in the prevention of osteoradionecrosis during surgery on the irradiated mandible...
January 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316568/effect-of-submerged-vs-nonsubmerged-implant-placement-protocols-on-implant-failure-and-marginal-bone-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Ramy Moustafa Moustafa Ali, Ahmed Yaseen Alqutaibi, Amr Salah El-Din Gomaa, Mohamed Farouk Abdallah
PURPOSE: To compare prosthesis and implant failures and marginal bone loss (MBL) resulting from submerged vs nonsubmerged dental implant protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic and manual searches of two databases (MEDLINE [PubMed] and Cochrane) were conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing submerged to nonsubmerged dental implant protocols. Data were independently extracted by two reviewers, and meta-analyses were performed for the included RCTs...
January 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316380/implant-insertion-into-an-augmented-bone-region-using-the-canine-mandible-augmented-by-the-casing-method
#14
Wataru Ono, Kiichi Maruyama, Makoto Ogiso, Seiji Mineno, Yuichi Izumi
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of bone augmentation using the "Casing Method", which enables large-scale osteogenesis, and the feasibility of using the augmented bone in dental implants. Three Beagle dogs were used. After tooth extraction, a polyethylene terephthalate case (20 mm × 5 mm × 10 mm) was placed on the buccal surface of the mandible. A mixture of hydroxyapatite and beta-tricalcium phosphate (volume ratio=1:1) was infiltrated into a suspension of autologous superfine bone powder and plasma, and the resulting mixture was packed into the case...
January 6, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316092/a-cross-sectional-study-of-confidence-in-minor-surgical-skills-amongst-junior-dentists
#15
R M Keat, S A Sheik, M Thomas, R Albuquerque, K Hill
INTRODUCTION: To work in the National Health Service (NHS) as a dentist, the practitioner needs to be on the UK dental "performer's list". To apply for access to this list and work as a General Dental Practitioner (GDP), dentists must be qualified from the European Economic Area (EEA) or, those trained in the UK, must undertake Dental Foundation Training (DFT). Dentists interested in further taught learning or pursuing specialist training must continue working as "Dental Core Trainees" (DCTs)...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315069/-intramaxillary-devices-of-molar-distalization-on-fixed-appliance-and-with-aligners
#16
Ines Dallel, Patrice Bergeyron, Ameni Chok, Samir Tobji, Adel Ben Amor
INTRODUCTION: Class II malocclusion is a dysmorphosis that can result from different skeletal and/or alveolar components of maxillary and/or mandibular origin. In dental class II cases due to mesial drift of the maxillary molars, it is sometimes interesting to retract the maxillary molars, in order to avoid in certain situations extractions of premolars. To this end, several devices have been described in the literature. The most recent intraoral devices allow a more controlled correction, and no longer require cooperation from the patient...
December 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315066/-autotransplantation-of-a-maxillary-incisor-and-orthodontic-care-a-case-study
#17
Valentine Charpentier, Masrour Makaremi, François de Brondeau
INTRODUCTION: Severely impacted teeth with atypical root anatomy do not respond well to orthodontic traction after surgical exposure. Consequently, they are often removed, but replacing them with dental prostheses can prove difficult in patients who are still growing. Thus, autotransplantation seems to be the only way to preserve a natural tooth and the alveolar bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An upper central incisor impacted in the region of the nasal cavities with an open apex was diagnosed in an 8...
December 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313383/comparison-of-decalcifying-agents-and-techniques-for-human-dental-tissues
#18
A Choube, M Astekar, A Choube, G Sapra, A Agarwal, A Rana
Teeth are among the hardest animal tissues, because they are composed of large amounts of inorganic compounds. Consequently, teeth are difficult to prepare for microscopic examination. Acids and chelating agents traditionally have been used to remove calcium ions. We compared decalcifying agents including strong acids, weak acids, chelating agents, techniques using electric current, agitation and heat. Freshly extracted teeth were fixed and decalcified using formic acid-formalin, formal-nitric acid, formalin-EDTA, Von Ebner's fluid and Perenyi's fluid...
January 9, 2018: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313133/influence-of-subcrestal-implant-placement-compared-with-equicrestal-position-on-the-peri-implant-hard-and-soft-tissues-around-platform-switched-implants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Cristina Valles, Xavier Rodríguez-Ciurana, Marco Clementini, Mariana Baglivo, Blanca Paniagua, Jose Nart
AIM: The aim of this article is to systematically review the effect of subcrestal implant placement compared with equicrestal position on hard and soft tissues around dental implants with platform switch. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A manual and electronic search (National Library of Medicine and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) was performed for animal and human studies published up to December 2016. Primary outcome variable was marginal bone level (MBL) and secondary outcomes were crestal bone level (CBL), soft tissue dimensions (barrier epithelium, connective tissue, and peri-implant mucosa), and changes in the position of soft tissue margin...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313062/art-or-science-an-evidence-based-approach-to-human-facial-beauty-a-quantitative-analysis-towards-an-informed-clinical-aesthetic-practice
#20
REVIEW
Harpal Harrar, Simon Myers, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek guidance from the aesthetic practitioners regarding treatments to enhance their 'beauty'. Is there a science behind the art of assessment and if so is it measurable? Through the centuries, this question has challenged scholars, artists and surgeons. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to undertake a review of the evidence behind quantitative facial measurements in assessing beauty to help the practitioner in everyday aesthetic practice...
January 8, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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