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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427852/circumferential-pulmonary-vein-isolation-with-second-generation-multipolar-catheter-in-patients-with-paroxysmal-or-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-procedural-and-one-year-follow-up-results
#1
Stefan G Spitzer, Patrick Leitz, Anke Langbein, Laszlo Karolyi, Frank Scharfe, Thomas Weinmann, Carola Rämmler, Christian Pott, Gerold Mönnig, Lars Eckardt
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of procedural and follow-up data on pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with the second-generation pulmonary vein ablation catheter® (PVAC Gold) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). This study provides data on PVI procedures and 1-year follow-up results with PVAC Gold in patients with AF treated in clinical practice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred and eighty four patients with documented symptomatic paroxysmal (n=198) or persistent (n=186) AF were included in a non-randomized prospectively designed database...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424659/online-measurement-of-microembolic-signal-burden-by-transcranial-doppler-during-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-results-of-a-multicenter-trial
#2
Christian von Bary, Thomas Deneke, Thomas Arentz, Anja Schade, Heiko Lehrmann, Sabine Fredersdorf, Dobri Baldaranov, Lars Maier, Felix Schlachetzki
INTRODUCTION: Left atrial pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an accepted treatment option for patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF). This procedure can be complicated by stroke or silent cerebral embolism. Online measurement of microembolic signals (MESs) by transcranial Doppler (TCD) may be useful for characterizing thromboembolic burden during PVI. In this prospective multicenter trial, we investigated the burden, characteristics, and composition of MES during left atrial catheter ablation using a variety of catheter technologies...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412451/laser-treated-electrospun-fibers-loaded-with-nano-hydroxyapatite-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#3
Javier Aragon, Nuria Navascues, Gracia Mendoza, Silvia Irusta
Core-shell polycaprolactone/polycaprolactone (PCL/PCL) and polycaprolactone/polyvinyl acetate (PCL/PVAc) electrospun fibers loaded with synthesized nanohydroxyapatite (HAn) were lased treated to create microporosity. The prepared materials were characterized by XRD, FTIR, TEM and SEM. Uniform and randomly oriented beadless fibrous structures were obtained in all cases. Fibers diameters were in the 150-300nm range. Needle-like HAn nanoparticles with mean diameters of 20nm and length of approximately 150nm were mostly encase inside the fibers...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398439/increased-humidity-can-soften-glassy-langmuir-polymer-films-by-two-mechanisms-plasticization-of-the-polymer-material-and-suppression-of-the-evaporation-cooling-effect
#4
Hyun Chang Kim, Yun Hwa Choi, Wei Bu, Mati Meron, Binhua Lin, You-Yeon Won
Glassy Langmuir polymer films exhibit a rapid increase in surface pressure at high compression. High relative humidity typically mitigates this increase in surface pressure. In an attempt to understand the origin of this phenomenon, we investigated the effects of relative humidity on surface pressure-area isotherm properties for four different types of polymers with similar bulk glass transition temperatures: poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA, Tg ≈ 45 °C), poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc, Tg ≈ 41 °C), poly(n-propyl methacrylate) (PnPMA, Tg ≈ 41 °C), and poly(vinyl stearate) (PVS, Tg ≈ 47 °C, Tm ≈ 47 °C)...
April 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344498/investigation-of-the-in-vitro-performance-difference-of-drug-soluplus%C3%A2-and-drug-peg-6000-dispersions-when-prepared-using-spray-drying-or-lyophilization
#5
Mohammad A Altamimi, Steven H Neau
PURPOSE: To evaluate the physicochemical and in vitro characteristics of solid dispersions using BCS II model drugs with Soluplus® and one of its component homopolymers, PEG 6000. METHODS: Nifedipine (NIF) and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) of 99.3% and 99.5% purity, respectively, were selected as BCS II model drugs, such that an improved dissolution rate and concentration in the gastrointestinal tract should increase oral bioavailability. Soluplus® is an amorphous, tri-block, graft co-polymer with polyvinyl caprolactam, polyvinyl acetate, and polyethylene glycol (PCL:PVAc:PEG6000) in the ratio 57:30:13...
March 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288375/polyvinyl-alcohol-based-hydrophilic-monoliths-from-water-in-oil-high-internal-phase-emulsion-template
#6
Xiao Meng, Ni Zeng, Jin Zhang, Long Jiang, Yi Dan
Herein, we report a new approach to fabricate polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based hydrophilic monoliths by alcoholysis of porous emulsion-templated polyvinyl acetate (PVAc). The precursory PVAc-based monolith is obtained by polymerization of a W/O high internal phase emulsion (HIPE) containing vinyl acetate as the external phase while water as the internal phase. As an alcoholysis-stable tri-functional commonomer, triallyl isocyanurate is chosen as the crosslinking agent to prevent possible collapse of the polymeric skeleton and the consequent losses in mechanical properties during the alcoholysis step...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281739/cerebral-micro-embolization-during-pulmonary-vein-isolation-relation-to-post-ablation-silent-cerebral-ischemia
#7
Edina Nagy-Baló, Mihran Martirosyan, Gábor Sándorfi, Orsolya Hajas, Levente Lánczi, Ervin Berényi, Lilla Ladányi, Alexandra Kiss, István Édes, Zoltán Csanádi
BACKGROUND: High incidences of silent cerebral ischemia (SCI) have been revealed by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW MRI) after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation. A high number of mostly gaseous micro-embolic signals (MESs) was detected by transcranial Doppler (TCD) during PVI. In this investigation the possible relationship between MESs detected intraoperatively by TCD and new SCI on DW MRI post-ablation is reported. METHODS: 27 consecutive atrial fibrillation patients (6 female, age median: 64 interquartile range: 13...
March 10, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196659/sutures-impregnated-with-carbazate-activated-polyvinyl-alcohol-reduce-intraperitoneal-adhesions
#8
F Fredriksson, F Sellberg, T Bowden, T Engstrand, D Berglund, H E Lilja
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal adhesions cause significant morbidity. They occur after peritoneal trauma, which induces oxidative stress with production of inflammatory cytokines, peroxidized proteins (carbonyls) and lipids (aldehydes). This study aimed to investigate if carbazate-activated polyvinyl alcohol (PVAC), an aldehyde-carbonyl inhibitor, can reduce intraperitoneal adhesions in an experimental model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=110) underwent laparotomy, cecal abrasion and construction of a small bowel anastomosis...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157325/deposition-and-characterization-of-roughened-surfaces
#9
Hagit Aviv, Shirly Berezin, Ortal Agai, Miri Sinwani, Yaakov R Tischler
Phase separation occurs whenever a solvent leaves a solution of strongly incompatible polymers. This can happen in bulk and in films. Films can be tailored as substrates for multiple applications such as solar cells, surface catalysis, and antireflection coatings. In this study, polystyrene (PS) was dissolved with polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) in different ratios using chlorobenzene as the solvent. Thin films of different ratios of PS and PVAc were deposited on glass via spin coating. The deposited films were investigated for their morphology, strain, surface area, and Raman scattering...
February 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042835/a-new-determination-method-of-the-solubility-parameter-of-polymer-based-on-aie
#10
Shan Jiang, Tian Ya Huang, Ke Min Wang, Ben Zhong Tang, Qiang Yu
An accurate method of the fluorescence probe approach based on an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) molecule (tetraphenylethylene) for measuring the solubility parameter of the polymer is reported. This method is distinctive in that the approach can make the polymer chain conformation in solution be related to the fluorescence intensity. Since the solubility parameter of the polymer is also closely linked to its chain conformation in solution, the solubility parameter can be determined by the fluorescence intensity...
December 30, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009050/factors-influencing-micronutrient-bioavailability-in-biofortified-crops
#11
Aurélie Bechoff, Claudie Dhuique-Mayer
Dietary and human factors have been found to be the major factors influencing the bioavailability of micronutrients, such as provitamin A carotenoid (pVAC), iron, and zinc, in biofortified crops. Dietary factors are related to food matrix structure and composition. Processing can improve pVAC bioavailability by disrupting the food matrix but can also result in carotenoid losses. By degrading antinutrients, such as phytate, processing can also enhance mineral bioavailability. In in vivo interventions, biofortified crops have been shown to be overall efficacious in reducing micronutrient deficiency, with bioconversion factors varying between 2...
February 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909499/hyperacute-and-chronic-changes-in-cerebral-magnetic-resonance-images-after-pvac-nmarq-and-epicardial-thoracoscopic-surgical-ablation-for-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Conn Sugihara Mbbs, Neil Barlow Mbbs, Emma Owens Mbbs, David Sallomi Mb ChB, Neil Sulke Md
Threshold testing of cardiac rhythm devices is essential to monitoring the proper functioning of such devices (1). However, the currently method of applying multiple ECG leads to the patient is burdensome and time consuming (2). We are presenting a completely new way to perform cardiac rhythm device threshold testing using pulse oximetry. Twenty patients, with varying cardiac rhythm devices and pacing modes, were enrolled and had their atrial and ventricular thresholds tested. A comparison was made between simultaneous threshold determinations via the standard EGM based method and the new pulse oximetry based method...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878420/a-5-year-clinical-follow-up-after-duty-cycled-phased-rf-ablation-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Antoine Lepillier, Xavier Copie, Gilles Lascault, Olivier Paziaud, Olivier Piot
PURPOSE: Catheter radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective treatment for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). It has been demonstrated that the multielectrode pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC) has favourable outcomes at 6-12 months post-ablation, but there are only few studies with a long-term follow-up. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 77 consecutive PVAC procedures in our centre, from November 2007 to December 2012. RFA was attempted in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal AF (mean age 58...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752967/effective-contact-and-outcome-after-pulmonary-vein-isolation-in%C3%A2-novel%C3%A2-circular-multi-electrode-atrial-fibrillation-ablation
#14
P Gal, T J Buist, J J J Smit, A Adiyaman, A R Ramdat Misier, P P H M Delnoy, A Elvan
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection is frequently the cause of recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after ablation. The second-generation gold multi-electrode ablation (Gold-MEA) catheter has a new design possibly resulting in improved lesion formation compared with its predecessor. We aimed to determine the association between effective radiofrequency applications with the Gold-MEA catheter and outcome after AF ablation. METHODS: 50 consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF underwent Gold-MEA (PVAC GOLD(TM), Medtronic Inc...
January 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702508/miscanthus-giganteus-a-commercially-viable-sustainable-source-of-cellulose-nanocrystals
#15
Elvis Cudjoe, Mo Hunsen, Zhaojun Xue, Amanda E Way, Elizabeth Barrios, Rebecca A Olson, Michael J A Hore, Stuart J Rowan
With a goal of identifying a new scalable source for cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs), we successfully isolated CNCs from a sustainable, non-invasive grass, Miscanthus x. Giganteus (MxG). Subjecting MxG stalks to base hydrolysis, bleaching and acid hydrolysis allowed access to cellulose nanocrystals (MxG-CNC) in high yields. X-ray diffraction studies showed the crystallinity of the MxG-CNCs increased with subsequent treatment conditions (>90% after HCl hydrolysis). Transmission electron microscopy showed that the MxG-CNC exhibit relatively high aspect ratios (60-70), and small angle neutron scattering showed the crystals were ribbon-like with a width and thickness of 8...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486993/separation-of-water-from-ultralow-sulfur-diesel-using-novel-polymer-nanofiber-coated-glass-fiber-media
#16
Stuti S Rajgarhia, Sadhan C Jana, George G Chase
Polymer nanofibers with interpenetrating network (IPN) morphology are used in this work for the development of composite, hydrophobic filter media in conjunction with glass fibers for removal of water droplets from ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD). The nanofibers are produced from hydrophobic polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) and hydrophilic polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) by spinning the polymer solutions using gas jet fiber (GJF) method. The nanofibers coat the individual glass fibers due to polar-polar interactions during the spinning process and render the filter media highly hydrophobic with a water contact angle approaching 150°...
August 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414755/reduced-crystallization-temperature-methodology-for-polymer-selection-in-amorphous-solid-dispersions-stability-perspective
#17
Chandan Bhugra, Chitra Telang, Robert Schwabe, Li Zhong
API-polymer interactions, used to select the right polymeric matrix with an aim to stabilize an amorphous dispersion, are routinely studied using spectroscopic and/or calorimetric techniques (i.e., melting point depression). An alternate selection tool has been explored to rank order polymers for formation of stable amorphous dispersions as a pragmatic method for polymer selection. Reduced crystallization temperature of API, a parameter introduced by Zhou et al.,1 was utilized in this study for rank ordering interactions in API-polymeric systems...
September 6, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377397/simple-rapid-and-cost-effective-fabrication-of-pdms-electrophoresis-microchips-using-poly-vinyl-acetate-as-photoresist-master
#18
Eulício O Lobo-Júnior, Ellen F M Gabriel, Rodrigo A Dos Santos, Fabrício R de Souza, Wanderson D Lopes, Renato S Lima, Angelo L Gobbi, Wendell K T Coltro
This study describes a simple, rapid, and cost-effective fabrication of PDMS electrophoresis microchips using poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) emulsion as photoresist master. High-relief microfluidic structures were defined on poly(vinyl acetate) previously deposited on printed circuit boards surfaces without cleanroom facilities and sophisticated instrumentation. After a UV exposure, channels with heights ranging from 30 to 140 μm were obtained by controlling the emulsion mass deposited on the master surface. The developing stage was performed using water rather than the organic solvents that are applied for conventional masks...
January 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27327662/influence-of-clinical-parameters-and-anticoagulation-on-intraprocedural-cerebral-microembolic-signals-during-pulmonary-vein-isolation
#19
Robert Larbig, Ralf Dittrich, Simon Kochhaeuser, Patrick Leitz, Fatih Guener, Catharina Korsukewitz, Dirk Dechering, Christian Pott, Kristina Wasmer, Jan Schmitges, Monika Kerckhoff, Lars Eckardt, Gerold Moennig
OBJECTIVE: We had the objective to determine the impact of clinical parameters and anticoagulation status on cerebral microembolic signals (MES) during pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Thromboembolism and stroke are the most feared complications of PVI. MES can help to evaluate embolic burden. It is unknown whether clinical parameters have an impact on embolic risk during PVI. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis we investigated the impact of clinical parameters, including the CHADS2- and CHA2DS2-VASc-score, pulmonary vein variants and echocardiographic parameters on MES rates in patients that underwent PVI using three different ablation approaches (radiofrequency ablation (iRF), pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC) with deactivated electrode pair 1 or 5 (PVAC-red) or PVAC without deactivation (PVAC-all)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230934/first-results-and-follow-up-of-a-second-generation-circular-mapping-and-ablation-catheter
#20
Stefan Weber, Martin Höher, Dominik Schultes
PURPOSE: Pulmonary vein isolation with radiofrequency energy is widely used as a strategy for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Anatomically designed catheters have been developed to increase the efficiency of AF ablation procedures. The second-generation circular ablation catheter, PVAC GOLD, was re-designed to improve energy delivery and mitigate emboli. We investigated the procedural efficiency, biophysics, and chronic efficacy of PVAC GOLD in patients with AF. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 40 patients (60 ± 11 years) with highly symptomatic, drug refractory AF...
November 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
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