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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336256/nose-burns-4-dimensional-analysis
#1
J Bouguila, C Ho Quoc, R Viard, A Brun, D Voulliaume, J-P Comparin, J-L Foyatier
The nose is the central organ of the face. It has two essential roles, aesthetic and breathing. It is often seriously damaged in the context of facial burns, causing grotesque facial disfigurement. As this disfigurement is visible on frontal and profile views, the patient suffers both socially and psychologically. The nose is a three-dimensional organ. Reconstruction is therefore more difficult and needs to be more precise than in other parts of the face. Maintaining symmetry, contour and function are essential for successful nasal reconstruction...
March 20, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319528/postburn-microstomia-prevention-using-an-appliance-providing-simultaneous-horizontal-and-vertical-adjustable-forces
#2
Gregory S Antonarakis, Sandra Fastlicht, Taras Masnyi, Bryan Tompson
Microstomia, an abnormally small oral orifice, is a complication of perioral facial burns. In this case, contraction of the circumoral tissues and hypotonia of the musculature is responsible for this microstomia, which can produce aesthetic and functional impairment with eating, swallowing, communication (speech and facial expressions), compromised dental care and maintenance due to limited oral access, social interactions, and psychological well-being. Conservative management involves providing physical resistance to scar contracture, with opposing horizontal and vertical circumoral forces by means of appliances that aim to stretch the commissures and fibrotic muscles...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279397/-reconstruction-of-the-ear-in-the-burns-patient
#3
Jorge Raúl Carrillo-Córdova, Yusef Jiménez Murat, Armando Apellaniz-Campo, Hazel Bracho-Olvera, Raúl Carrillo Esper
Face burns are a singular pathology with great functional and psychological impact in the patients suffering them. The ears play a fundamental role in personal interactions and damage to this organ results in physical and emotional distress. The reconstructive treatment of the burned ear is a challenge. Multiple procedures have been described to achieve success in the reconstruction of the burned ear; immediate reconstruction with autologous rib cartilage, secondary reconstruction, alloplastic material reconstruction, tissue expansion, skin grafts and also microvascular flaps are some of the most common procedures used in this patients...
March 6, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277272/a-case-report-on-a-burned-ear-elastic-memory-of-cartilage-following-temporary-burial-in-a-skin-pocket
#4
D O Visscher, P P M van Zuijlen
Preserving exposed ear cartilage following a facial burn remains a major challenge. Normally, burned ear cartilage cannot be preserved in case of a full thickness burn of the overlying skin, and the cartilage has to be surgically removed. Sometimes, reconstructions can be performed at a later stage. We report a case where burned ear cartilage was directly surgically buried in a retroauricular skin pocket showing remarkable elastic memory: the buried ear cartilage, in this case the antihelix, regenerated over time and regained its original position protruding from the facial area...
October 27, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263248/operating-room-fires-in-oculoplastic-surgery
#5
Robi N Maamari, Philip L Custer
PURPOSE: This study was performed to characterize the frequency, causes, and possible risk factors of operating room (OR) fires experienced by members of the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery members, collecting data on surgical fires experienced by respondents throughout their careers. In addition, the questionnaire investigated viewpoints on OR fire safety, current practice patterns with oxygen delivery and surgical device usage, and management of patients referred after previous surgical fire exposure...
March 3, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216012/the-association-between-treatment-reactions-and-treatment-efficiency-of-hmme-photodynamic-therapy-on-port-wine-stains-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Yan Tang, Hongfu Xie, Ji Li, Dan Jian
BACKGROUND: Plenty of researches focused on treatment efficiency and/or treatment reactions of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on port-wine stain (PWS). But few studies reported the association between them. Hence, here we investigated the association between the treatment efficiency and treatment reactions after Hemoporfin mediated photodynamic therapy (HMME-PDT) on PWS through a prospective study. METHODS: Patients (n=50) with PWS were randomly assigned to the HMME group or the placebo group...
February 12, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210449/oral-mucosal-lesions-in-a-chilean-elderly-population-a-retrospective-study-with-a-systematic-review-from-thirteen-countries
#7
César Rivera, Daniel Droguett, María-Jesús Arenas-Márquez
BACKGROUND: The oral examination is an essential part of the multidisciplinary medical care in elderly people. Oral mucosal lesions and normal variations of oral anatomy (OMLs) are very common in this people, but few studies have examined the frequency and prevalence of these conditions worldwide and less in Chile. The aim of this research was to evaluate the frequency of OMLs in a Chilean elderly population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was conducted a retrospective study (Talca, Chile)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167115/association-between-autistic-traits-and-emotion-adaptation-to-partially-occluded-faces
#8
Chengwen Luo, Edwin Burns, Hong Xu
Prolonged exposure to a happy face makes subsequently presented faces appear sadder: the facial emotion aftereffect (FEA). People with autism spectrum disorders and their relatives have diminished holistic perception of faces. Levels of autism can be measured continuously in the general population by autistic traits using the autism-quotient (AQ). Prior work has not found any association between AQ and FEA in adults, possibly due to non-holistic processing strategies employed by those at the higher end of the spectrum...
February 16, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166078/pressure-cooker-a-potential-hazard-in-domestic-setting
#9
A Atreya, T Kanchan, S Nepal
Pressure cooker is an integral part of Asian kitchen, and is frequently used in Nepal. Steam under pressure generated while cooking has high boiling point and great penetrating power. The use of pressure cooker in kitchen is associated with unintentional injuries that mostly include pressure cooker burns. In rare instances the pressure cooker may accidently explode and may cause serious injuries. The same mechanism is used in making explosive device for mass homicides. An unusual case of penetrating facial injury sustained in a pressure cooker explosion in a domestic setting is reported along with a brief review of literature on pressure cooker explosions...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149229/face-and-or-neck-burns-a-risk-factor-for-respiratory-infection
#10
D Costa Santos, F Barros, N Gomes, T Guedes, M Maia
Infections are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in burn patients, and almost 50% of infection-related deaths in burn patients are caused by pneumonia. The proportion of facial and/or neck burns (FNB) in burn centre admissions is high, and these patients have a well known respiratory risk. However, it is not well established in the literature if the occurrence of a FNB is a risk factor for respiratory infection during hospitalization. A retrospective, single-centre trial at the burn unit of the Prelada Hospital was conducted, including patients admitted between January 2011 and December 2014...
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135123/prefabricated-cervical-skin-flaps-for-hemi-facial-resurfacing-elucidating-the-natural-history-of-postoperative-edema-using-indocyanine-green
#11
Ke Li, Peiru Min, Parviz Sadigh, Luca Grassetti, Davide Lazzeri, Matteo Torresetti, Riccardo Marsili, Shaoqing Feng, Ningfei Liu, Yi Xin Zhang
BACKGROUND: The increases in capillary wall permeability and capillary hydrostatic pressure are considered to be the causes for the acute swelling seen in flaps; however, disruption of the circulating flap lymphatics could be another contributory factor. In this study we monitor the development of flap edema in a series of 18 prefabricated flaps and aim to delineate the natural history of this phenomenon by use of lymphography. METHODS: Postoperative swelling was monitored in a series of 18 pre-expanded prefabricated cervical skin flaps used for hemi-facial burns-scar resurfacing...
January 30, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117943/management-of-a-facial-partial-thickness-chemical-burn-in-a-dog-caused-by-bleach
#12
Lukas T Kawalilak, Boel A Fransson, Terri L Alessio
OBJECTIVE: To describe the management and successful outcome of a late-recognition partial thickness bleach burn to the face and corneas of a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A 1-year-old male neutered Fox Terrier mix breed dog was evaluated for sloughing facial epithelium 5 days after coming into contact with an 8.25% household bleach cleaning solution. Severe erythema, edema, and crusting were noted around the muzzle and margins of both eyes, with moderate to severe alopecia in these areas...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095573/results-of-a-phase-2-randomized-vehicle-controlled-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-tolerability-and-safety-of-daily-or-twice-daily-sb204-for-the-treatment-of-acne-vulgaris
#13
Lawrence F Eichenfield, Linda Stein Gold, Walter K Nahm, Fran E Cook-Bolden, David M Pariser
OBJECTIVE: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase 2 study compared efficacy, tolerability, and safety of SB204 once or twice daily to vehicle in the treatment of acne vulgaris. METHODS: Eligible subjects were to be between 12 and 40 years old, have facial acne vulgaris with 25 to 70 non-inflammatory lesions, 20 to 40 inflammatory lesions, no more than 2 nodules, and a baseline Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) score of moderate or severe. The co-primary efficacy endpoints were the absolute change in inflammatory and non-inflammatory lesion counts and IGA success rate (baseline to week 12)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045815/reconstruction-of-skin-defects-on-the-mid-and-lower-face-using-expanded-flap-in-the-neck
#14
Xiaogen Hu, Gao Zeng, Yang Zhou, Cheng Sun
BACKGROUND: The reconstruction of major burn and other deformities resulting from significant soft tissue deficits of the face is a continuing challenge for surgeons. In the study, the authors introduce our 5-year experiences using expanded flap in the neck for reconstruction on the mid and lower face. METHODS: From 2008 and 2013, 12 tissue expanders were used in 12 patients for face resurfacing. The operation consisted of 2 steps. In the first step, the expander was placed subcutaneously under the skin of the neck and they were expanded timely to create adequate superfluous skin and soft tissue...
March 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040366/3d-printed-transparent-facemasks-in-the-treatment-of-facial-hypertrophic-scars-of-young-children-with-burns
#15
Yating Wei, Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Jun Liu, Lihua Xie, Shukai Yue
INTRODUCTION: Facial burns could create serious scar problems resulting disfigurement particularly on children. The conventional methods of producing transparent face masks for scar control remains complex and require dexterous skills of experienced clinician and patients' compliance during fitting. In this study, we adopted a portable 3D scanning and Computer-Aided Design (CAD) to produce 3D-printed transparent facemasks. Its efficacy was tested on two children with facial burns resulting hypertrophic scars...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001100/content-validity-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-used-with-pediatric-patients-with-facial-differences-a-systematic-review
#16
Natasha M Wickert, Karen W Y Wong Riff, Mark Mansour, Christopher R Forrest, Timothy E E Goodacre, Andrea L Pusic, Anne F Klassen
OBJECTIVE:   The aim of this systematic review was to identify patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments used in research with children/youth with conditions associated with facial differences to identify the health concepts measured. DESIGN:   MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 2004 to 2016 to identify PRO instruments used in acne vulgaris, birthmarks, burns, ear anomalies, facial asymmetries, and facial paralysis patients. We performed a content analysis whereby the items were coded to identify concepts and categorized as positive or negative content or phrasing...
December 21, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908314/-severe-corneal-scald-after-steam-explosion
#17
Jógvan Suni Øregaard, Thuy Linh Tran, Jakob Felbo Paulsen, Rikke Bredgaard
Facial burns and scalds are common but the eyes are rarely affected. We present a case of a 40-year-old female patient with severe eye injury due to facial scald. Although initial examination in the emergency department did not reveal signs of serious injury, the patient was referred to the burns unit two days later due to suspicion of infection of the facial burns. She was found to have seriously impaired vision and was transferred to a department of ophthalmology. Examination revealed bilateral severe corneal injuries and bilateral limbal ischaemia, presumably leading to permanently impaired vision...
November 21, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894559/helicopter-transport-in-regionalized-burn-care-one-program-s-perspective
#18
Benjamin Nicholson, Harinder Dhindsa
BACKGROUND: The decision to use helicopter EMS (HEMS) for the transport of burn patients is a complex decision. This analysis sought to evaluate burn patients flown to burn centers who met predetermined criteria for patients who likely benefit from HEMS care. METHODS: A retrospective transport chart review of all burn transports covering the preceding nine and a half years was conducted to evaluate for HEMS appropriate criteria defined as patients requiring advanced airway management, ventilator support, facial burns, inhalation injury, circumferential burns, electrical or chemical burn, or major burns...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893577/a-novel-classification-system-for-injuries-after-electronic-cigarette-explosions
#19
Scott B Patterson, Allison R Beckett, Alicia Lintner, Carly Leahey, Ashley Greer, Sidney B Brevard, Jon D Simmons, Steven A Kahn
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) contain lithium batteries that have been known to explode and/or cause fires that have resulted in burn injury. The purpose of this article is to present a case study, review injuries caused by e-cigarettes, and present a novel classification system from the newly emerging patterns of burns. A case study was presented and online media reports for e-cigarette burns were queried with search terms "e-cigarette burns" and "electronic cigarette burns." The reports and injury patterns were tabulated...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891318/complication-of-improper-management-of-sodium-hypochlorite-accident-during-root-canal-treatment
#20
Fatemah Faras, Fawaz Abo-Alhassan, Abdullah Sadeq, Hisham Burezq
Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a common irrigation solution used in root canal treatment. It has strong antibacterial and tissue dissolving properties. Nevertheless, it has some serious complications, some of which are life-threatening. A young male presented with severe chemical burn of the right infraorbital area and partial necrosis of the hard palate resulting from extrusion of NaOCl during root canal treatment of the upper right 2(nd) molar tooth. The patient had a facial scar, and mucosal damage healed nearly completely...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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