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Facial burns

Tarek M Elbanoby, Serag M Zidan, Amr M Elbatawy, Gaber M Aly, Khallad Sholkamy
Background: A variety of island flaps can be based on the superficial temporal artery with variable tissue composition. They can be used for defect reconstruction, cavity resurfacing, facial hair restoration, or contracture release. Methods: Seventy-two patients underwent facial reconstruction using a superficial temporal artery island flap from October 2010 to October 2014. The defects had various etiologies, including trauma, burns, tumors, exposed hardware, and congenital causes...
March 5, 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Branislav Kollar, Bohdan Pomahac
Hundred years ago, Sir Harold Gillies laid a foundation to the modern plastic surgery trying to reconstruct facial defects of severely disfigured soldiers of World War I. Some years later, Joseph Murray experimented with rejection of skin grafts aimed for treatment of burned patients who sustained their injuries on battlefields of World War II. In 1954, the acquired expertise and intensive research allowed him to perform the first successful kidney transplantation in the world at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston...
February 25, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Mohammed H El Fahar
Oral chemical burn injuries induce more damage to the underlying tissues with extensive scarring. It is very well known that alkali causes severe liquefaction necrosis and injury to the deeper tissues. Pediatric facial burns must be managed thoroughly and always require complex reconstruction, which is a challenging process. So, any reconstructive surgeon must be aware of all the deformities that may have significant functional and aesthetic impact on the burn survivors especially children. Few medical studies addressed pediatric microsurgical reconstruction for oral burn injuries induced by chemical materials...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Huihui Gan, Baishuang Yue, Yan Wang, Zhong Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of narrow-band intense pulsed light (DPL) in treating facial telangiectasia. METHOD: Thirty patients with facial telangiectasia underwent five sessions of treatment with DPL (500 nm~600 nm) at 4-week interval. The erythema index (EI), temperature, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and lightness of the skin (L) were measured before each treatment session and at each follow-up. RESULT: Thirty cases completed treatment and follow-ups...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Na Li, Juntao Han, Dahai Hu, Jing Cheng, Hongtao Wang, Yunchuan Wang, Xuekang Yang, Jiaqi Liu, Ting Li, Wenli Zhao
Intense pulsed light (IPL) has been used to treat postinflammatory hyperpigmentation and telangiectasia in Fitzpatrick type I -II skin. However, its therapeutic effects after superficial second-degree burns in Asian populations with Fitzpatrick type III-IV skin are uncertain. Thirty-five Han Chinese patients with facial or hand hyperpigmentation and telangiectasia due to second-degree fire burns received treatment with IPL. Each patient underwent 2-6 treatments over 3-5 weeks. The laser wavelength was 560-615 nm...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Stefanie Rehm, Moritz Groβkopf, Maria Kabelitz, Thomas Keller, Rainer Freynhagen, Thomas R Tölle, Ralf Baron
Introduction: Animal experimental evidence suggests that mechanisms of pain generation and response to treatment differ between neuropathic pain in the cephalic and the extracephalic innervation territories. Objectives: The objective of the study was to examine whether in humans an identical peripheral painful neuropathy is associated with different pain qualities and sensory abnormalities in the face as compared with the thoracic region. Methods: We retrospectively analysed epidemiological and clinical data of 639 patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) in the face and at the trunk who were collected within a cross-sectional cohort survey and compared the respective sensory symptom profiles captured with the painDETECT questionnaire...
January 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Sanath Shetty, Fahad Mohammed, Janavi Kamath, K Kamalakanth Shenoy
Facial defects can result from a variety of reasons including trauma, burns, infections, congenital disorders, and neoplasms which require surgical correction or prosthetic rehabilitation or both. Prosthetic replacement using various materials is the treatment of choice when other surgical options are not possible. This report presents a case of acquired nasal defect secondary to a surgically operated adenoid cystic carcinoma using silicone as the material of choice.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Cheng-I Yen, Jui-Yung Yang, Chun-Shin Chang, Jung-Ju Huang, Chih-Wei Wu, Hung-Chang Chen, Shih-Yi Yang, Shu-Yin Chang, Shiow-Shuh Chuang, Yen-Chang Hsiao
BACKGROUND: Nasal reconstruction after burn injury can be challenging due to limited availability of local flaps. We present our experience of free flap reconstruction for full-thickness nasal defect after severe facial burn injury. METHODS: Between August 1998 and September 2015, six patients underwent nasal reconstruction with seven free flaps after burn injury. Among them, flame burn occurred in two patients, chemical burn in two, explosive burn in one, and contact thermal burn in one patient...
February 10, 2018: Microsurgery
Leila Musavi, Alexandra Macmillan, Rachel Pedriera, Joseph Lopez, Amir H Dorafshar, A Lee Dellon
Trigeminal injury can cause intractable facial pain. However, surgical approaches to the superior alveolar nerves have not been widely described. We report resection of the anterior superior alveolar nerve (ASAN), middle superior alveolar nerve (MSAN), and posterior superior alveolar nerve (PSAN) in a patient with refractory facial pain and outline an algorithmic approach to the treatment of trigeminal nerve injury. A 56-year-old woman presented with a 3-year history of refractory facial pain in the distribution of the right superior alveolar nerves after dental trauma...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yinjuan Wang, Céline Viennet, Adeline Jeudy, Ferial Fanian, Li He, Philippe Humbert
BACKGROUND: Sensitive skin is frequently complaint in dermatology consultation with cutaneous manifestations such as stinging, redness, dryness, and burning sensation that affect the quality of life. Its pathogenesis is mainly related to dysfunction of neurosensory, skin barrier, and also immune activity. The treatment is generally based on continuous and topical therapy by nonirritating complex. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antisensitive function of a new complex cream composed by Yunnan Portulaca oleracea extract, Prinsepia utilis oil, beta-glucan, and sodium hyaluronate extracted from mushroom...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Zahra Afshar, Charlotte Roberts, Andrew Millard
The site of Tepe Hissar (Iran) experienced widespread cultural and economic changes during the Chalcolithic and Bronze Ages (5th to the 2nd millennium B.C.). The discovery of evidence of burning, including charred human remains, the destruction of buildings (Periods II and III), and the presence of several mass-burials with comingling of human skeletal remains consisting of ten or more individuals (Period III), suggests interpersonal violence during these periods. The original excavator of Tepe Hissar, Erich Schmidt, suggested that phenomena such as war, massacres, epidemics, or similar catastrophes, may have been responsible for the excavated archaeological evidence...
January 10, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Harpal Harrar, Simon Myers, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek guidance from the aesthetic practitioners regarding treatments to enhance their 'beauty'. Is there a science behind the art of assessment and if so is it measurable? Through the centuries, this question has challenged scholars, artists and surgeons. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to undertake a review of the evidence behind quantitative facial measurements in assessing beauty to help the practitioner in everyday aesthetic practice...
January 8, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Issam Bennis, Loubna Belaid, Vincent De Brouwere, Hind Filali, Hamid Sahibi, Marleen Boelaert
OBJECTIVE: To document the psychosocial burden of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in rural communities in Southeastern Morocco. METHOD: Between March and April 2015, we conducted qualitative research in communities exposed to Leishmania major or L. tropica in Errachidia and Tinghir provinces. Twenty-eight focus groups discussions (FGDs) were realized, with a stratification by gender and tradition of medicine (users of folk versus professional medicine). Data were analyzed using content analysis...
2017: PloS One
Abdulla Ibrahim, Devvrat Katechia, Ahmed Elfaki, Thomas Cobley, Sankhya Kapil Sen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ömer Özkan, Özlenen Özkan, Mehmetcan Ubur, Necmiye Hadimioğlu, Melike Cengiz, İsmail Afşar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this report is to present our long-term experiences with a series of 5 face-transplanted patients in terms of surgical aspects and postoperative outcomes, and to describe possible salvage strategies in case of difficulties. METHODS: Five patients, 4 receiving full-face transplantation and 1 undergoing partial transplantation at our institution were included. The patients were aged between 19 and 54 years. Two had extensive burn scars to the face, and 3 had suffered gunshot injuries...
November 27, 2017: Microsurgery
M Ahmadi, L van Hoeven, K Bokhoven
BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare disease that is characterised by epidermal loss, often as a result of medication use - particularly sulfonamides and anti-epileptics. People of South-East Asian descent are at increased risk of developing TEN since they may carry the HLA-B*1502 allele. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 61-year-old female of Indonesian descent developed TEN due to carbamazepine use, resulting in admission to the intensive care department of a specialised burn centre in the Netherlands...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Isabela T Jones, Isabella Guiha, Sabrina G Fabi
BACKGROUND: The visible signs of photodamage can be improved by intense pulsed light (IPL). Active ingredients in cosmeceuticals also have effects on skin quality and pigmentation, and can camouflage post-treatment side effects. Combination therapies utilizing different treatment modalities have been shown to optimize clinical outcomes for skin rejuvenation and patient satisfaction. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of a combination of IPL with a daily topical skincare and sunscreen regimen for the treatment of facial photodamage and for the improvement of IPL treatment tolerability...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Atsuo Yoshino, Yasumasa Okamoto, Mitsuru Doi, Go Okada, Masahiro Takamura, Naho Ichikawa, Shigeto Yamawaki
Previous findings suggest that negative emotions could influence abnormal sensory perception in burning mouth syndrome (BMS). However, few studies have investigated the underlying neural mechanisms associated with BMS. We examined activation of brain regions in response to intraoral tactile stimuli when modulated by angry facial expressions. We performed functional magnetic resonance imaging on a group of 27 BMS patients and 21 age-matched healthy controls. Tactile stimuli were presented during different emotional contexts, which were induced via the continuous presentation of angry or neutral pictures of human faces...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Soliane Quitolina Scapin, Maria Elena Echevarría-Guanilo, Paulo Roberto Boeira Fuculo, Jerusa Celi Martins, Mayara da Ventura Barbosa, Maurício José Lopes Pereima
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of virtual reality (VR) in pain intensity during dressing change of two burned children hospitalized in a Burn Treatment Center (BTC) in Southern Brazil. METHOD: Case report on the use of VR during dressing change of two burned children hospitalized in a BTC, from May to July 2016. For assessing pain, a facial pain rating scale was applied at four times: just before the dressing, during the dressing without the use of VR, during the dressing with the VR, and after the use of VR...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Katie Rodan, Kathy Fields, Timothy J Falla
More men are beginning to take advantage of opportunities to improve the health and appearance of their skin; however, the effectiveness of men's skincare regimens has not been well studied. The authors investigated the efficacy and tolerance of a twice-daily, three-step men's skincare regimen in improving skin appearance and reducing shave-related issues. Twenty-nine men who used a wet-shaving method completed a specific, three-step, twice-daily facial regimen-a Shave Cleanser, a Post-Shave Treatment, and Day Protection-in place of their usual routine for 4 weeks...
2017: Skinmed
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