keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Resident

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332331/egfr-mutations-and-tumor-metastases-in-patients-with-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-south-of-russia
#1
Oleg I Kit, Dmitry I Vodolazhsky, Natalia N Timoshkina, Lubov' Yu Vladimirova, Igor N Turkin, Ksenia A Kutsyn, Yaroslav S Enin, Svetlana B Panina, Vladimir Jurisic
PURPOSE: To assess the frequencies of somatic EGFR mutations in the tumor tissues of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) residing in the South of Russia (SR), and to define the relationship between genetic subtypes of NSCLC and the emergence of different types of metastases. METHODS: DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed parrafin embedded (FFPE) samples of 721 patients. A total of 29 somatic EGFR mutations were detected using commercial Therascreen EGFR RGQ PCR Kit...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332234/attitudes-of-u-s-psychiatry-residents-and-fellows-towards-mental-illness-and-its-causes-a-comparison-study-with-medical-students
#2
Catherine Chiles, Elina Stefanovics, Robert Rosenheck
Stigma towards people with mental illness remains a burden for patients and healthcare providers. This study at a large US university examined the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows towards mental illness and its causes, and whether their attitudes differed from the medical student attitudes previously studied utilizing the same survey method. An electronic questionnaire examining attitudes toward people with mental illness, causes of mental Illness, and treatment efficacy was used to survey the attitudes of psychiatry residents and fellows...
January 13, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332185/handedness-and-the-risk-of-glioma
#3
Briana Miller, Noah C Peeri, Louis Burt Nabors, Jordan H Creed, Zachary J Thompson, Carrie M Rozmeski, Renato V LaRocca, Sajeel Chowdhary, Jeffrey J Olson, Reid C Thompson, Kathleen M Egan
Gliomas are the most common type of malignant primary brain tumor and few risk factors have been linked to their development. Handedness has been associated with several pathologic neurological conditions such as schizophrenia, autism, and epilepsy, but few studies have evaluated a connection between handedness and risk of glioma. In this study, we examined the relationship between handedness and glioma risk in a large case-control study (1849 glioma cases and 1354 healthy controls) and a prospective cohort study (326,475 subjects with 375 incident gliomas)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332145/the-experiences-and-beliefs-of-older-people-in-scottish-very-sheltered-housing-about-using-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#4
Derek Stewart, Kathrine Gibson Smith, Joan MacLeod, Alison Strath, Vibhu Paudyal, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Scott Cunningham, Katie MacLure
Background Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are promoted as a potential solution to medicines non-adherence despite the absence of high quality evidence of effectiveness of MCA use impacting medicines adherence or any clinical outcomes. Furthermore, there is a lack of qualitative research which focuses on the perspectives of older people receiving MCAs. Objectives To describe experiences and beliefs surrounding very sheltered housing (VSH) residents' use of MCAs with emphasis on issues of personalisation, reablement, shared decision-making, independence and support...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331972/cohort-profile-the-comparative-outcomes-and-service-utilization-trends-coast-study-among-people-living-with-and-without-hiv-in-british-columbia-canada
#5
Oghenowede Eyawo, Mark W Hull, Kate Salters, Hasina Samji, Angela Cescon, Paul Sereda, Viviane D Lima, Bohdan Nosyk, David G T Whitehurst, Scott A Lear, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg
PURPOSE: The Comparative Outcomes And Service Utilization Trends (COAST) Study in British Columbia (BC), Canada, was designed to evaluate the determinants of health outcomes and health care services use among people living with HIV (PLHIV) as they age in the period following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). The study also assesses how age-associated comorbidities and health care use among PLHIV may differ from those observed in the general population. PARTICIPANTS: COAST was established through a data linkage between two provincial data sources: The BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS Drug Treatment Program, which centrally manages cART dispensation across BC and contains prospectively collected data on demographic, immunological, virological, cART use and other clinical information for all known PLHIV in BC; and Population Data BC, a provincial data repository that holds individual event-level, longitudinal data for all 4...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331968/association-between-health-service-utilisation-of-internal-migrant-children-and-parents-acculturation-in-guangdong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Bo-Li Peng, Guan-Yang Zou, Wen Chen, Yan-Wei Lin, Li Ling
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health service utilisation of internal migrant children in Guangdong, China, and to explore the association between children's health service utilisation and their parents' acculturation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey between April and May 2016. SETTING: Six society-run schools of Tianhe and Baiyun districts in Guangzhou City of China. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited all students at grade 7 or 8 and one of their parents who resided in Guangzhou over 6 months without permanent registered residence (hukou) in Guangzhou (1161 pairs completed this survey)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331944/liver-sampling-a-vital-window-into-hbv-pathogenesis-on-the-path-to-functional-cure
#7
REVIEW
Upkar S Gill, Laura J Pallett, Patrick T F Kennedy, Mala K Maini
In order to optimally refine the multiple emerging drug targets for hepatitis B virus (HBV), it is vital to evaluate virological and immunological changes at the site of infection. Traditionally liver biopsy has been the mainstay of HBV disease assessment, but with the emergence of non-invasive markers of liver fibrosis, there has been a move away from tissue sampling. Here we argue that liver biopsy remains an important tool, not only for the clinical assessment of HBV but also for research progress and evaluation of novel agents...
January 13, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331794/melatonin-suppresses-eosinophils-and-th17-cells-in-hamsters-treated-with-a-combination-of-human-liver-fluke-infection-and-a-chemical-carcinogen
#8
Wachanan Wongsena, Lakhanawan Charoensuk, Rungtiwa Dangtakot, Porntip Pinlaor, Kitti Intuyod, Somchai Pinlaor
BACKGROUND: The combination of Opisthorchis viverrini (OV) infection and chemical carcinogen induces cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) in hamsters via inflammation-mediated mechanisms. Thus, suppression of inflammatory cells at the initial stages of CCA development would be of benefit. We aimed to investigate whether IL-17-producing CD4+ T cells (Th17) and CD4+ Foxp3+ T cells (Treg) are involved in the early stages of CCA genesis and can be targeted for suppression by melatonin. METHODS: Inflammation, an initial stage of CCA development, was induced in hamsters by a combination of O...
July 26, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331786/the-meaning-of-community-in-diverse-neighborhoods-stratification-of-influence-and-mental-health
#9
Emily Walton
As the United States diversifies, individuals are increasingly encountering and managing racial and ethnic difference in their neighboring relationships, thus challenging the "cultural" basis for consensus on the local meaning of community. This mixed-methods study considers the ways in which sense of community relates to mental health in two longstanding racially- and socioeconomically-diverse neighborhoods. I ask how social resources are distributed within diverse neighborhoods, integrating survey (N = 243) and interview (N = 60) data to make observations about both the existence and nature of relationships among the unique dimensions of sense of community and mental health...
January 10, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331785/causal-nature-of-neighborhood-deprivation-on-individual-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-or-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-national-swedish-co-relative-control-study-in-men-and-women
#10
Per-Ola Forsberg, Henrik Ohlsson, Kristina Sundquist
We studied the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) or ischemic stroke in the total population and in full- and half-siblings to determine whether these associations are causal or a result from familial confounding. Data were retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers containing individual clinical data linked to neighborhood of residence. After adjustment for individual SES, the association between neighborhood SES and CHD showed no decrease with increasing genetic resemblance, particularly in women...
January 10, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331746/canadian-neurosurgery-educators-views-on-stereotactic-radiosurgery-in-residency-training
#11
Nardin Samuel, Justine Philteos, Naif M Alotaibi, Christopher Ahuja, Alireza Mansouri, Abhaya V Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing prominence of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in treating intracranial and spinal pathologies, there is currently a dearth of exposure to this modality in neurosurgical residency. To address this gap, the aim of this study is to assess neurosurgery educators' views regarding the current state of SRS exposure, and to identify potential approaches to improve residency education in this domain. METHODS: Qualitative thematic analysis and constructivist grounded theory methodology were employed...
January 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331694/distinctive-use-of-newer-and-older-antidepressants-in-major-geographical-areas-a-nationally-representative-register-based-study
#12
Jaana I Halonen, Aki Koskinen, Anne Kouvonen, Pekka Varje, Sami Pirkola, Ari Väänänen
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether newer, mainly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and older tricyclic antidepressants are used similarly regardless of the geographical area of residence and education. METHODS: We included four randomly sampled cohorts of the Finnish working aged population (n = 998,540-1,033,135). The sampling (Dec 31st in 1995, 2000, 2004 and 2010) resulted in non-overlapping time windows where each participant was followed up for four years for the first antidepressant use...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331563/trends-in-premature-mortality-due-to-heart-failure-by-autonomous-community-in-spain-1999-to-2013
#13
Lidia Gómez-Martínez, Domingo Orozco-Beltrán, José A Quesada, Vicente Bertomeu-González, Vicente F Gil-Guillén, Adriana López-Pineda, Concepción Carratalá-Munuera
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Heart failure (HF) is a major public health problem, and the prevalence increases with age. In Spain, there are considerable differences between autonomous communities. The aim of this study was to analyze trends in premature mortality due to HF between 1999 and 2013 in Spain by autonomous community. METHODS: We analyzed data on mortality due to HF in Spanish residents aged 0 to 75 years by autonomous community between 1999 and 2013...
January 10, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331331/interaction-of-ceramides-and-tear-lipocalin
#14
Ben J Glasgow, Adil R Abduragimov
The distribution of lipids in tears is critical to their function. Lipids in human tears may retard evaporation by forming a surface barrier at the air interface. Lipids complexed with the major lipid binding protein in tears, tear lipocalin, reside in the bulk (aqueous) and may have functions unrelated to the surface. Many new lipids species have been revealed through recent mass spectrometric studies. Their association with lipid binding proteins has not been studied. Squalene, (O-acyl) omega-hydroxy fatty acids (OAHFA) and ceramides are examples...
January 10, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331156/high-hand-contamination-rates-during-norovirus-outbreaks-in-long-term-care-facilities
#15
Geun Woo Park, Keenan J Williamson, Emilio DeBess, Paul R Cieslak, Nicole Gregoricus, Elizabeth De Nardo, Christopher Fricker, Verónica Costantini, Jan Vinjé
We examined norovirus contamination on hands of ill patients during 12 norovirus outbreaks in 12 long-term care facilities (LTCFs). The higher frequency and norovirus titers on hands of residents compared to hands of heathcare workers highlights the importance of adhering to appropriate hand hygiene practices during norovirus outbreaks in LTCFs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
January 14, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330861/validity-evidence-as-a-key-marker-of-quality-of-technical-skill-assessment-in-otl-hns
#16
Mathilde Labbé, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Quality monitoring of assessment practices should be a priority in all residency programs. Validity evidence is one of the main hallmarks of assessment quality and should be collected to support the interpretation and use of assessment data. Our objective was to identify, synthesize, and present the validity evidence reported supporting different technical skill assessment tools in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS). METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data generated through a systematic review of all published tools for assessing technical skills in OTL-HNS (n = 16)...
January 13, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330842/self-perceived-long-term-transfer-of-learning-after-postpartum-hemorrhage-simulation-training
#17
Brena C P Melo, Ana R Falbo, Jette Led Sorensen, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer, Cees van der Vleuten
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term transfer (application of acquired knowledge and skills on the job) after postpartum hemorrhage simulation training based on either instructional design (ID) principles or conventional best practice. METHODS: In this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews with obstetrics and gynecology healthcare practitioners were conducted between August 7 and September 26, 2015, in Recife, Brazil. The participants were randomly selected from each of two postpartum hemorrhage simulations attended 2 years earlier (one ID and one conventional best practice)...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330760/oxidized-phospholipids-stimulate-production-of-stem-cell-factor-via-nrf2-dependent-mechanisms
#18
Taras Afonyushkin, Olga V Oskolkova, Valery N Bochkov
Receptor tyrosine kinase c-Kit and its ligand stem cell factor (SCF) regulate resident vascular wall cells and recruit circulating progenitors. We tested whether SCF may be induced by oxidized palmitoyl-arachidonoyl-phosphatidylcholine (OxPAPC) known to accumulate in atherosclerotic vessels. Gene expression analysis demonstrated OxPAPC-induced upregulation of SCF mRNA and protein in different types of endothelial cells (ECs). Elevated levels of SCF mRNA were observed in aortas of ApoE-/- knockout mice. ECs produced biologically active SCF because conditioned medium from OxPAPC-treated cells stimulated activation (phosphorylation) of c-Kit in naïve ECs...
January 12, 2018: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330711/boosting-tendon-repair-interplay-of-cells-growth-factors-and-scaffold-free-and-gel-based-carriers
#19
REVIEW
Zexing Yan, Heyong Yin, Michael Nerlich, Christian G Pfeifer, Denitsa Docheva
BACKGROUND: Tendons are dense connective tissues and critical components for the integrity and function of the musculoskeletal system. Tendons connect bone to muscle and transmit forces on which locomotion entirely depends. Due to trauma, overuse and age-related degeneration, many people suffer from acute or chronic tendon injuries. Owing to their hypovascularity and hypocellularity, tendinopathies remain a substantial challenge for both clinicians and researchers. Surgical treatment includes suture or transplantation of autograft, allograft or xenograft, and these serve as the most common technique for rescuing tendon injuries...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330585/potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-undertaken-as-a-comprehensive-geriatric-risk-assessment
#20
Sharmin S Bala, Sujita W Narayan, Prasad S Nishtala
PURPOSE: The prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) is associated with an increase in adverse events, prescribing cascades, high health-care costs, morbidity, and mortality in the elderly. The overarching objective of this study is to examine the prevalence of PIMs in the elderly, applying the 2012 American Geriatrics Society Beers criteria for the study period 2012-2014, and the updated 2015 Beers criteria for 2015. METHODS: The study population (N = 70,479) included a continuously recruited national cohort of community-dwelling older (aged ≥ 65 years) New Zealanders who had undertaken the International Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (interRAI-HC) assessments between September 2012 and October 2015...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
5711
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"