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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668144/-majority-in-asylum-seekers-and-unaccompanied-minors-practical-aspects-for-an-effective-inter-professional-approach
#1
Thomas Pernin, Dagmar M Haller, Anne Meynard, Françoise Narring
An unaccompanied minor is a young person under 18 years of age separated from both parents and who is not cared for by an adult invested of this responsability by law or the custom. Their number has increased in Switzerland in 2015, prompting medical and social professionals to adapt their care to respond more appropriately to their needs. Specific elements of an initial health check for these young people, transcultural skills and a good knowledge of the network are necessary to provide optimal management...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667239/evaluation-of-a-nursing-student-health-fair-program-meeting-curricular-standards-and-improving-community-members-health
#2
John P Salerno, Evan McEwing, Yui Matsuda, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Olutola Ogunrinde, Mona Azaiza, Jessica R Williams
BACKGROUND: Public health nursing (PHN) is an essential component of baccalaureate nursing education. In order to build PHN competencies, universities must design and operationalize meaningful clinical activities addressing community and population health. Currently, there is a paucity of literature delineating best practices for promoting competency in PHN. AIMS: The purpose of this manuscript is to describe a PHN-student health fair program as a means for meeting undergraduate PHN curricular standards, and to report results of an evaluation conducted examining its effectiveness in improving community member's health knowledge...
April 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664202/training-psychologists-for-rural-practice-exploring-opportunities-and-constraints
#3
Marisa Elena Domino, Ching-Ching Claire Lin, Joseph P Morrissey, Alan R Ellis, Erin Fraher, Erica L Richman, Kathleen C Thomas, Mitchell J Prinstein
PURPOSE: To examine trends in the psychologist workforce and training opportunities, including factors that may influence the decision of clinical psychologists to practice in rural settings. METHODS: We use a mixed-methods approach to examine the psychologist workforce nationally and in North Carolina (NC), including (1) an analysis of the location of programs awarding doctoral degrees; (2) an analysis of the practice, demographic, and educational characteristics of the psychologist workforce; and (3) interviews with directors of doctoral programs in clinical psychology to understand where current graduates are getting jobs and why they may or may not be choosing to practice in rural communities...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663902/causal-beliefs-affect-treatment-practices-and-preferences-for-neonatal-danger-signs-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#4
Tariku Nigatu Bogale, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Alemayehu Yalew, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Zemene Tigabu Kebede
This study was conducted to explore the experiences of community members, particularly mothers, concerning their beliefs about the causes, treatment practices, and preferences for WHO-defined neonatal danger signs in northwest Ethiopia. A phenomenological qualitative study was conducted in three districts of north Gondar Zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia, from March 10 to 28, 2016. Twelve focus group discussions were conducted involving 98 individuals. In-depth interviews were conducted with six health extension workers and 30 women who were either pregnant or who delivered in the past 6 months...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663276/interprofessional-educator-development-build-it-and-they-will-come
#5
Lily C Pien, Michaela Stiber, Allison Prelosky, Colleen Y Colbert
BACKGROUND: We describe an interprofessional educator development program, designed intentionally, that was implemented at an academic healthcare centre. In 2014, we purposefully adapted our pre-existing educator development program to be able to include all interprofessional educators at our institution. The program's goals were to enhance educator skills, a common need due to requirements of accreditation, and to create a local interprofessional community of teachers. The framework of the program was based upon adult learning principles, reflective practice, experiential learning and peer groups, all key characteristics of faculty development programs...
April 16, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658849/suicide-prevention-for-school-communities-an-educational-initiative-for-student-safety
#6
Diane Cody Roberts, Mary Ellen Taylor, Audrey D'Ann Pyle
A knowledge gap exists in school communities regarding suicide prevention and means reduction education. The article highlights two core interrelated topics: school nurse engagement in dialogue with students' families and the implementation of an innovative, community-based suicide prevention educational program at a suburban public school district. The authors provide an overview of the public health problem of suicide for students, current student challenges, role of the school nurse in suicide prevention, and a key gap in current school nursing practice...
May 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#7
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650469/expanding-the-traditional-role-of-optometry-current-practice-patterns-and-attitudes-to-enhanced-glaucoma-services-in-ireland
#8
Catriona Barrett, James Loughman
PURPOSE: To investigate current diagnostic equipment availability and usage for glaucoma case-finding within community optometric practice, and to explore optometrists' attitudes towards an enhanced scope of clinical practice. METHODS: An anonymous survey was developed, validated, and distributed to all optometrists in Ireland. RESULTS: 199 optometrists (27% of registrants) responded to the survey. 87% had access to the traditional triad of tests necessary to conduct adequate glaucoma case finding...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650444/reviewing-state-mandated-training-requirements-for-naloxone-dispensing-pharmacists
#9
Andrew W Roberts, Delesha M Carpenter, Austin Smith, Kevin A Look
BACKGROUND: Expanding access to naloxone is crucial for mitigating the public health epidemic of opioid overdose deaths in America. Pharmacists now have greater independent authority to dispense naloxone to the public due to a wave of enhanced pharmacy naloxone access laws. It is unknown to what extent pharmacists are required to receive specialized training to serve in this capacity. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to review naloxone training mandates from states with enhanced pharmacy naloxone access laws...
April 5, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650025/effectiveness-of-health-education-as-an-intervention-designed-to-prevent-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Susan Waigwa, Lucy Doos, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful practice that violates the human rights of women and girls. Despite global efforts to restrict the practice, there have been few reports on major positive changes to the problem. Health education interventions have been successful in preventing various health conditions and promoting service use. They have also been regarded as promising interventions for preventing FGM/C. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise findings of studies about effectiveness of health education as an intervention to prevent FGM/C...
April 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644244/knowledge-and-awareness-of-glaucoma-in-subjects-with-glaucoma-and-their-normal-first-degree-relatives
#11
Ali Riza Cenk Celebi
The objective of this study was to assess knowledge and awareness of glaucoma in subjects with glaucoma and their normal first-degree relatives. Awareness and knowledge of glaucoma were compared between each patient and his/her relative. We designed a questionnaire containing a set of brief and structured questions to gather information regarding the participants' demographics and knowledge and awareness of glaucoma. There were two groups in this study. The first group ("glaucoma" group) comprised patients diagnosed with glaucoma, while the second group ("relatives" group) consisted of the first-degree relatives of the patients...
2018: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642390/low-levels-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-preventive-practices-on-leptospirosis-among-a-rural-community-in-hulu-langat-district-selangor-malaysia
#12
Noramira Nozmi, Suhailah Samsudin, Surianti Sukeri, Mohd Nazri Shafei, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohd, Zawaha Idris, Wan Nor Arifin, Norazlin Idris, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Nurul Munirah Abdullah, Zainudin Abdul Wahab, Tengku Zetty Maztura Tengku Jamaluddin, Hejar Abd Rahman, Siti Norbaya Masri, Aziah Daud, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
Little is known on the knowledge, attitudes and preventive practices (KAP) of leptospirosis worldwide. This study embarked on assessing the KAP of leptospirosis among rural communities in Malaysia. A total of 444 participants (223 male; 221 female) aged between 18 and 81 years old were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. A majority of participants had poor knowledge level (57.0%), unacceptable attitudes (90.3%) and unacceptable preventive practices (69.1%) on leptospirosis, and only 29.7% knew "rat-urine disease" as leptospirosis...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629509/awareness-of-hpv-and-cervical-cancer-prevention-among-university-health-sciences-students-in-cyprus
#13
Paraskevi A Farazi, Mohammad Siahpush, Tzeyu L Michaud, Jungyoon Kim, Chenai Muchena
Cervical cancer is preventable; however, despite the existence of primary and secondary means of prevention, its incidence is still higher in certain socioeconomic groups and countries, suggesting gaps in cervical cancer prevention. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and awareness of health sciences university students in Cyprus regarding HPV and cervical cancer in order to better guide the future development of educational programs to improve cervical cancer prevention. This was a cross-sectional study of 178 university health sciences students in Cyprus using a validated questionnaire on HPV and cervical cancer prevention...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629367/perspectives-from-the-third-international-summit-on-medical-nutrition-education-and-research
#14
Jennifer Jean Crowley, Celia Laur, Harrison David Edward Carter, Glenys Jones, Sumantra Ray
Nutrition is an important component of public health and health care, including in education and research, and in the areas of policy and practice. This statement was the overarching message during the third annual International Summit on Medical Nutrition Education and Research, held at Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, in August 2017. This summit encouraged attendees to think more broadly about the impact of nutrition policy on health and communities, including the need to visualize the complete food system from "pre-farm to post-fork...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629190/antibiotics-and-activity-spaces-protocol-of-an-exploratory-study-of-behaviour-marginalisation-and-knowledge-diffusion
#15
Marco J Haenssgen, Nutcha Charoenboon, Giacomo Zanello, Mayfong Mayxay, Felix Reed-Tsochas, Caroline O H Jones, Romyen Kosaikanont, Pollavat Praphattong, Pathompong Manohan, Yoel Lubell, Paul N Newton, Sommay Keomany, Heiman F L Wertheim, Jeffrey Lienert, Thipphaphone Xayavong, Penporn Warapikuptanun, Yuzana Khine Zaw, Patchapoom U-Thong, Patipat Benjaroon, Narinnira Sangkham, Kanokporn Wibunjak, Poowadon Chai-In, Sirirat Chailert, Patthanan Thavethanutthanawin, Krittanon Promsutt, Amphayvone Thepkhamkong, Nicksan Sithongdeng, Maipheth Keovilayvanh, Nid Khamsoukthavong, Phaengnitta Phanthasomchit, Chanthasone Phanthavong, Somsanith Boualaiseng, Souksakhone Vongsavang, Rachel C Greer, Thomas Althaus, Supalert Nedsuwan, Daranee Intralawan, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Proochista Ariana
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health priority. Leading UK and global strategy papers to fight AMR recognise its social and behavioural dimensions, but current policy responses to improve the popular use of antimicrobials (eg, antibiotics) are limited to education and awareness-raising campaigns. In response to conceptual, methodological and empirical weaknesses of this approach, we study people's antibiotic-related health behaviour through three research questions...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629183/differences-in-the-occurrence-and-characteristics-of-injuries-between-full-time-and-part-time-dancers
#16
Amy Jo Vassallo, Evangelos Pappas, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Claire E Hiller
Background: Professional dancers are at significant risk of injury due to the physical demands of their career. Despite their high numbers, the experience of injury in freelance or part-time dancers is not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the occurrence and characteristics of injury in part-time compared with full-time Australian professional dancers. Methods: Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey distributed to employees of small and large dance companies and freelance dancers in Australia...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628669/variation-in-the-practice-of-central-venous-catheter-and-chest-tube-insertions-among-surgery-residents
#17
Edward Eun Cho, Elizabeth Bevilacqua, Jeffrey Brewer, James Hassett, Weidun Alan Guo
Objectives: Central venous catheter (CVC) and chest tube (CT) insertions are common bedside procedures frequently performed by surgery residents. Despite published guidelines, variability in the practice exists. We sought to characterize the surgery residents' practice patterns surrounding these two bedside procedures. Materials and Methods: Over the last 1½ months of the academic year in 2012 and 2013, surgery residents across the US were surveyed online. Participants reported levels of agreement for 15 questions in a 5-point Likert scale format...
January 2018: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627814/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-by-healthcare-professionals-to-improve-management-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-communicable-diseases-requiring-long-term-care-in-adults-who-are-homeless
#18
Peter Hanlon, Lynsey Yeoman, Lauren Gibson, Regina Esiovwa, Andrea E Williamson, Frances S Mair, Richard Lowrie
OBJECTIVE: Identify, describe and appraise trials of interventions delivered by healthcare professionals to manage non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and communicable diseases that require long-term care or treatment (LT-CDs), excluding mental health and substance use disorders, in homeless adults. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-RCTs and controlled before-after studies. Interventions characterised using Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) taxonomy...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627757/how-do-we-facilitate-international-clinical-placements-for-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-exploration-of-the-structure-aims-and-objectives-of-placements
#19
Caroline A Browne, Catherine M Fetherston
BACKGROUND: International clinical placements provide undergraduate students with a unique and complex clinical learning environment, to explore cultural awareness, experience different health care settings and achieve clinical competencies. Higher education institutions need to consider how to structure these placements to ensure appropriate and achievable aims and learning outcomes. OBJECTIVES: In this study we described the structure, aims and learning outcomes associated with international clinical placement opportunities currently undertaken by Australian undergraduate nursing students in the Asia region...
April 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627192/why-do-the-very-old-self-harm-a-qualitative-study
#20
Anne P F Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: To examine the perspectives of people aged 80 years or older who self-harmed regarding their reasons for self-harm and its consequences, and their perceptions of care. DESIGN: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two teaching hospitals and associated community services. PARTICIPANTS: People aged 80 years or older who had self-harmed within the previous month...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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