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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318061/educating-physicians-for-rural-america-validating-successes-and-identifying-remaining-challenges-with-the-rural-medical-scholars-program
#1
John R Wheat, James D Leeper, Shannon Murphy, John E Brandon, James R Jackson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the Rural Medical Scholars (RMS) Program's effectiveness to produce rural physicians for Alabama. METHODS: A nonrandomized intervention study compared RMS (1997-2002) with control groups in usual medical education (1991-2002) at the University of Alabama School of Medicine's main and regional campuses. Participants were RMS and others admitted to regular medical education, and the intervention was the RMS Program. Measures assessed the percentage of graduates practicing in rural areas...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316951/oral-health-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-among-dental-and-medical-students-in-eastern-india-a-comparative-study
#2
Harish Kumar, Shyam Sundar Behura, Sujatha Ramachandra, Roquaiya Nishat, Kailash C Dash, Gouse Mohiddin
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices among dental and medical students in a Health care centre at Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty BDS and MBBS students each from Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences and Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences of KIIT University, Bhubaneswar respectively, were invited to participate in this survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire in English comprising 27 questions, which was designed to evaluate the oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315898/modifiable-risk-factors-and-interventions-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-within-the-first-1-000-days
#3
Anne M Dattilo
Worldwide, the prevalence of childhood obesity has increased, amounting to 42 million overweight or obese children, and there is increasing evidence that the origins are within the first 1,000 days: the period of conception through 2 years. Antecedents of early childhood obesity are multifactorial, and associations of varying strength have been documented for genetic/epigenetic, biologic, dietary, environmental, social, and behavioral influences. Modifiable factors in pregnancy and early infancy associated with childhood obesity include maternal overweight/obesity, maternal smoking, gestational weight gain, infant and young child feeding, caregiver responsive feeding practices, as well as sleep duration, and physical activity...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314746/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-a-community-level-hygiene-intervention-and-a-water-intervention-using-riverbank-filtration-technology-on-diarrhoeal-prevalence-in-india
#4
Sarah L McGuinness, Joanne E O'Toole, Thomas B Boving, Andrew B Forbes, Martha Sinclair, Sumit K Gautam, Karin Leder
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death globally, mostly occurring as a result of insufficient or unsafe water supplies, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Our study aims to investigate the impact of a community-level hygiene education program and a water quality intervention using riverbank filtration (RBF) technology on diarrhoeal prevalence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have designed a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial to estimate the health impacts of our intervention in 4 rural villages in Karnataka, India...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314457/transitional-age-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-questioning-youth-issues-of-diversity-integrated-identities-and-mental-health
#5
REVIEW
Scott M Rodgers
Although most LGBTQ youth become healthy young adults, they often face considerable stress over the course of their lives because of bullying, victimization, and overt/covert discrimination. Families, educational and religious institutions, health care professionals, and communities help shape the experience of LGBTQ transitional age youth. LGBTQ youth have higher rates of depression, suicide, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol and drug use, and preventable sexually transmitted diseases. When best practice guidelines are followed and key stakeholders take action to support LGBTQ youth, health disparities begin to disappear...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306599/knowledge-and-attitude-toward-corneal-donation-among-high-school-children-in-northern-india
#6
Parul Chawla Gupta, Mona Duggal, Limalemla Jamir, Drishti Sharma, Ankita Kankaria, Shreyaswi Sathyanath, Rupinder Kaur, Kirtan Rana, Jagat Ram
PURPOSE: To assess the knowledge and attitude of school-going adolescents regarding corneal donation in government and private schools in an urban area of Northern India. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban field practice area of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. A total of 365 participants of the seventh to 10th grade were enrolled from a government school and a private school...
March 16, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301533/practices-of-research-data-curation-in-institutional-repositories-a-qualitative-view-from-repository-staff
#7
Dong Joon Lee, Besiki Stvilia
The importance of managing research data has been emphasized by the government, funding agencies, and scholarly communities. Increased access to research data increases the impact and efficiency of scientific activities and funding. Thus, many research institutions have established or plan to establish research data curation services as part of their Institutional Repositories (IRs). However, in order to design effective research data curation services in IRs, and to build active research data providers and user communities around those IRs, it is essential to study current data curation practices and provide rich descriptions of the sociotechnical factors and relationships shaping those practices...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301335/interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-maternal-mental-health
#8
Nancy Selix, Erin Henshaw, Alinne Barrera, Luba Botcheva, Erin Huie, Gabrielle Kaufman
One out of every five to seven births is affected by postpartum depression, making it the most common maternal health problem in the first year after childbirth. Early identification and treatment are essential, though screening and treatment rates are low. Factors that inhibit effective screening and treatment include lack of uniform screening policies in all maternal health settings, poor coordination of care between primary care and mental health services, coordination of community education efforts and resources, social stigma surrounding mental health treatment, and ineffective application of research and technology in the clinical setting...
March 15, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299153/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-spotted-fever-group-rickettsioses-and-q-fever-in-laikipia-and-maasai-mara-kenya
#9
David Ndeereh, Gerald Muchemi, Andrew Thaiyah
Many factors contribute to misdiagnosis and underreporting of infectious zoonotic diseases in most sub-Saharan Africa including limited diagnostic capacity and poor knowledge. We assessed the knowledge, practices and attitudes towards spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) and Q fever amongst local residents in Laikipia and Maasai Mara in Kenya. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to a total of 101 respondents including 51 pastoralists, 17 human health providers, 28 wildlife sector personnel and 5 veterinarians...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298543/a-nutrition-education-program-in-rural-bangladesh-was-associated-with-improved-feeding-practices-but-not-with-child-growth
#10
Aatekah Owais, Benjamin Schwartz, David G Kleinbaum, Parminder S Suchdev, Abu Syed Golam Faruque, Sumon K Das, Shahed Rahman, Aryeh D Stein
Background: Childhood undernutrition is a major public health problem in Bangladesh. Evaluating child nutrition programs is a priority.Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate a community-based nutrition education program (implemented from 2011 to 2013) aimed at improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and growth in rural Bangladesh.Methods: A cohort-based evaluation was conducted that included 2400 women (1200 from Karimganj, the intervention subdistrict, and 1200 from Katiadi, the control subdistrict) enrolled at 28-31 wk gestation in 3 waves between January and October 2011...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298274/characteristics-of-smartphone-applications-for-nutrition-improvement-in-community-settings-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Emma Tonkin, Julie Brimblecombe, Thomas Philip Wycherley
Smartphone applications are increasingly being used to support nutrition improvement in community settings. However, there is a scarcity of practical literature to support researchers and practitioners in choosing or developing health applications. This work maps the features, key content, theoretical approaches, and methods of consumer testing of applications intended for nutrition improvement in community settings. A systematic, scoping review methodology was used to map published, peer-reviewed literature reporting on applications with a specific nutrition-improvement focus intended for use in the community setting...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295948/nurses-experiences-of-delivering-care-in-acute-inpatient-mental-health-settings-a-narrative-synthesis-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Marianne Wyder, Carolyn Ehrlich, David Crompton, Leianne McArthur, Caroline Delaforce, Fiona Dziopa, Shulamit Ramon, Elizabeth Powell
Inpatient psychiatric care requires a balance between working with consumers' priorities and goals, managing expectations of the community, legal, professional and service responsibilities. In order to improve service delivery within acute mental health units, it is important to understand the constraints and facilitating factors for good care. We conducted a systematic narrative synthesis, where findings of qualitative studies are synthesised to generate new insights. 21 articles were identified. Our results show that personal qualities, professional skills as well as environmental factors all influence the ability to provide recovery focused care...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295536/evidence-of-public-health-nursing-effectiveness-a-realist-review
#13
Susan M Swider, Pamela F Levin, Virginia Reising
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this realist review was to examine PHN interventions and their outcomes during the period preceding the Affordable Care Act (1990-2010), to determine what types of interventions demonstrated effectiveness, and whether these were related to target population or setting. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The review focused on PHN interventions with data support documented over 20 years. A search of the published literature using CINHAL, PubMed, and ancestry methods resulted in 64 articles meeting the search criteria...
March 14, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293127/care-pathways-in-thrombosis-management-the-innovate-peer-to-peer-educational-initiative
#14
REVIEW
Raj K Patel
CONTEXT: Anticoagulant options for the management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) now include the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). The safe and effective integration of these agents into routine clinical practice within different health care settings presents common challenges. Bayer AG created the INternational Network fOr Venous and Arterial Thrombosis Excellence in practice (INNOVATE) program as a professional education network to foster best practice in thrombosis management in the NOAC era...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292501/indian-health-service-pharmacists-engaged-in-opioid-safety-initiatives-and-expanding-access-to-naloxone
#15
Hillary Duvivier, Samantha Gustafson, Morgan Greutman, Tenzin Jangchup, Ashlee Knapp Harden, Aimee Reinhard, Keith Warshany
OBJECTIVE: To develop effective pharmacy-based interventions to mitigate harm from opioid use disorders. Programs include responsible opioid prescribing, expanded access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT), naloxone, and community interventions. SETTING: Clinical pharmacists practicing at Indian Health Service (IHS) locations in the Southwest, Midwest, and Great Lakes regions. These pharmacists serve culturally diverse American Indian populations throughout the United States and interface with tribal and federal programs to impact the opioid epidemic in Indian Country...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#16
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289543/understanding-the-importance-of-medical-student-clerkships-in-poor-health-outcome-regions-served-by-area-health-education-centers-ahecs-in-impoverished-locations-of-southern-united-states
#17
Ashruta Patel
Area Health Education Centers provide health professional students the opportunity to explore the benefits of practicing in a rural and underserved location. The status of health conditions in chronic disease patients residing in impoverished regions of the US provides the chance to understand the factors that are responsible for constant inadequate outcomes in underserved and rural communities. Many limiting barriers to positive health outcomes occur in disproportionate numbers in the Southern Black Belt. Students should consider participating in rural and underserved clerkships, and ultimately a career as a health care provider in a poor health outcome region...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289469/using-movies-in-family-medicine-teaching-a-reference-to-euract-educational-agenda
#18
Zalika Klemenc Ketiš, Igor Švab
INTRODUCTION: Cinemeducation is a teaching method where popular movies or movie clips are used. We aimed to determine whether family physicians' competencies as listed in the Educational Agenda produced by the European Academy of Teachers in General Practice/Family Medicine (EURACT) can be found in movies, and to propose a template for teaching by these movies. METHODS: A group of family medicine teachers provided a list of movies that they would use in cinemeducation...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289299/disseminating-comparative-effectiveness-research-through-community-based-experiential-learning
#19
Richard A Hansen, Margaret Williamson, Lynn Stevenson, Brandy R Davis, R Lee Evans
Objectives. To launch and evaluate a comparative effectiveness research education and dissemination program as part of an introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE). Methods. First- through third-year PharmD students received training on comparative effectiveness research and disseminated printed educational materials to patients in the community who they were monitoring longitudinally (n=314). Students completed an assessment and initial visit documentation form at the first visit, and a follow-up assessment and documentation form at a subsequent visit...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288801/perceived-impact-of-nepalese-food-and-food-culture-in-diabetes
#20
Sujata Sapkota, Jo-Anne E Brien, Josephine Gwynn, Victoria Flood, Parisa Aslani
Consuming a healthy diet forms an important component of diabetes management; however, adhering to a healthy diet is challenging. Dietary behaviour is often guided by socio-cultural, environmental and emotional factors, and not necessarily by physical and nutritional needs. This study explored Nepalese patients' perceptions of the impact of diet, diet management requirement for diabetes and how Nepalese food culture in particular influenced diet management. Interviews were conducted with Nepalese participants with type 2 diabetes in Sydney and Kathmandu; and data was thematically analysed...
March 10, 2017: Appetite
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