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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223086/perceived-versus-actual-water-quality-community-studies-in-rural-oaxaca-mexico
#1
Lewis Stetson Rowles, Reinaldo Alcalde, Francisca Bogolasky, Soyoon Kum, Farith A Diaz-Arriaga, Craig Ayres, Anne M Mikelonis, Luis Javier Toledo-Flores, Manuel Gerardo Alonso-Gutiérrez, Maria Eufemia Pérez-Flores, Desmond F Lawler, Peter M Ward, Juana Yolanda Lopez-Cruz, Navid B Saleh
Compromised water quality risks public health, which becomes particularly acute in economically marginalized communities. Although the majority of the clean-water-deprived population resides in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, a significant portion (32 million) lives in Meso- and Latin-America. Oaxaca is one of the marginalized southern states of Mexico, which has experienced high morbidity from infectious diseases and also has suffered from a high rate of infant mortality. However, there has been a paucity of reports on the status of water quality of culturally diverse rural Oaxaca...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#2
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221541/the-global-health-nursing-imperative-using-competency-based-analysis-to-strengthen-accountability-for-population-focused-practice-education-and-research
#3
Barbara Joyce, Nancy Brown-Schott, Vicki Hicks, Regina Gina Johnson, Monica Harmon, Lucille Pilling
BACKGROUND: The Quad Council Competencies for Public Health Nurses are used to guide community and public health nursing course development in baccalaureate nursing programs. As clinical practice has expanded to global settings, the appropriateness of the 2011 Quad Council Public Health Nursing (PHN) Competencies to guide global clinical practice and evaluation was questioned. OBJECTIVE: To describe a comparison and analysis of three sets of competencies: PHN competencies, competencies for global health nurses, and interprofessional competencies for health professionals...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221498/influence-of-community-based-education-on-undergraduate-health-professions-students-decision-to-work-in-underserved-areas-in-uganda
#4
Samuel Kizito, Rhona Baingana, Kintu Mugagga, Peter Akera, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Uganda is beset by a shortage of health workers and the few available are mal-distributed. Providing rural exposure through community-based education could positively influence students' perspectives towards work in rural areas. We aimed to assess the impact of Community-Based Education and Research (COBERS) on health professions students' attitudes towards working in rural areas. This was a before-and-after study among 525 students of 4 medical universities in Uganda. Data was collected using self-administered paper-based questionnaires...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219878/community-based-management-of-multiple-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-tanzania-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#5
Isaya Jelly, Micah D J Peters
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has prioritized collaboration with communities in its 2016 "End TB" implementation strategy. Acknowledging the difficulties that some communities face in gaining access to health facilities due to barriers such as stigma, discrimination, healthcare expenditure, transport and income loss, partnering with communities in the roll-out of community-based TB management activities is vital. AIM: The aim of this project was to make a contribution to promoting evidence-based practice with regards to the community-based management of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) at Kibong'oto National Infectious Disease Hospital, Tanzania, and thereby supporting improvements in patient outcomes and resource utilization...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219130/effects-of-health-education-tool-on-select-epidemiological-factors-associated-with-adult-obese-urban-slum-women
#6
Deepika Pradeep Vora, Pallavi S Shelke
BACKGROUND: National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-2006) India, found that 14.8% of Ever-Married Adults (age 15-49 years) had Body Mass Index (BMI) in the ranges of overweight and obese; compared to 10.6% in the National Family Health Survey-2. These figures highlighted the fact that India already faces a dual burden of chronic malnutrition, i.e., obesity, besides undernutrition. Higher BMI, especially, increased abdominal fat is an important determinant of the development of diabetes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218803/community-pharmacist-led-clinical-services-physician-s-understanding-perceptions-and-readiness-to-collaborate-in-a-midwestern-state-in-the-united-states
#7
Cameron Gordon, Elizabeth Unni, Jaime Montuoro, Diane B Ogborn
OBJECTIVES: Many pharmacists are actively enhancing their role in the delivery of health care by offering a variety of pharmacist-led clinical services. The delivery of these services within community pharmacies can contribute to overcoming the cost and accessibility challenges currently facing U.S. health care, especially when pharmacist-physician collaborative efforts are utilized. The study purpose was to identify general and family practice physicians' awareness of pharmacists' delivery of clinical services, uncover their perceived barriers to collaboration with community pharmacists, and collect their input on how to overcome such barriers in order to better understand how pharmacist-led clinical services can be integrated, improved and more widely utilized as a healthcare delivery mechanism...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215420/interdisciplinary-guidelines-for-care-of-women-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-pregnancy-loss
#8
Anita Catlin
In April 2016, the National Perinatal Association and Kaiser Permanente Northern California Nursing Research Community Benefits Grant sponsored an interdisciplinary summit to explore the needs of women who present with actual or potential pregnancy loss to the emergency department (ED). Thirty-two experts in the field of pregnancy loss, 17 of whom represented their professional organizations, participated. These experts, which included nurses, physicians, social workers, counselors, authors, and parents, worked together to create guidelines for care of women with a pregnancy loss in the ED...
January 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214021/a-pilot-study-with-early-adolescents-dealing-with-diet-tobacco-and-air-pollution-using-practical-experiences-and-biological-markers
#9
Chiara Marabelli, Elena Munarini, Micaela Lina, Roberto Mazza, Roberto Boffi, Cinzia De Marco, Ario Ruprecht, Giorgia Angellotti, Chiara Veronese, Paolo Pozzi, Eleonora Bruno, Giuliana Gargano, Adalberto Cavalleri, Giulia Garrone, Franco Berrino
Background: Tobacco use and the Western diet are two of the most important and investigated topics in relation to adolescents' health. In addition, air pollution is a crucial subject for future generations. School is a key social environment that should promote healthy behaviors in children and adolescents. In this field many different programs have been conducted, with mixed results and effectiveness. Research data suggest that comprehensive and multicomponent approaches may have a greater effect on tobacco use and diet, especially when integrated into a community-wide approach...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212589/time-to-establish-comprehensive-long-term-monitoring-of-australian-medical-graduates
#10
Christine Jorm, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq
We believe that the well being of our medical students (and medical staff throughout the continuum of practice) matters too much not to ask, 'How do they feel?' Society, and students themselves, have invested too much in their education not to query 'How well are they performing in the workplace?'. Our accountability to the community demands we ask, 'How are their patients going?' This article presents a schema for building long-term monitoring in Australia, using linked and reliable data, that will enable these questions to be answered...
December 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212553/household-knowledge-and-practices-concerning-malaria-and-indoor-residual-spraying-in-an-endemic-area-earmarked-for-malaria-elimination-in-iran
#11
Abdoulhossain Madani, Moussa Soleimani-Ahmadi, Sayed Hossein Davoodi, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Seyed Aghil Jaberhashemi, Mehdi Zare, Teamur Aghamolaei
BACKGROUND: Indoor residual spraying of insecticide (IRS) is a key intervention for reducing the burden of malaria infection. Effectiveness and success of this strategy are to a considerable extent dependent on knowledge and practice of the target community regarding the IRS. Iran has entered the malaria elimination phase, and IRS has been considered as the main strategy for malaria vector control. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the household knowledge and practices about malaria and IRS in Bashagard County, one of the malaria-endemic areas in the southeast of Iran...
December 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207955/classification-schemes-for-knowledge-translation-interventions-a-practical-resource-for-researchers
#12
Susan E Slaughter, Gabrielle L Zimmermann, Megan Nuspl, Heather M Hanson, Lauren Albrecht, Rosmin Esmail, Khara Sauro, Amanda S Newton, Maoliosa Donald, Michele P Dyson, Denise Thomson, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: As implementation science advances, the number of interventions to promote the translation of evidence into healthcare, health systems, or health policy is growing. Accordingly, classification schemes for these knowledge translation (KT) interventions have emerged. A recent scoping review identified 51 classification schemes of KT interventions to integrate evidence into healthcare practice; however, the review did not evaluate the quality of the classification schemes or provide detailed information to assist researchers in selecting a scheme for their context and purpose...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207880/the-psychosocial-needs-of-refugee-children-and-youth-and-best-practices-for-filling-these-needs-a-systematic-review
#13
Cisse Nakeyar, Victoria Esses, Graham J Reid
Conflict across the globe has displaced over 16.1 million refugees, with approximately half under the age of 18. Despite the number of young refugees, there is a dearth of research reporting on the needs of refugee children and youth. The purpose of this systematic review is to begin to fill this gap by summarizing what we know about the needs of refugee children and youth (5-18 years old). Eighteen manuscripts met the study inclusion criteria. In these studies, the identified needs of refugee children and youth were primarily in the domains of social support, security, culture, and education...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207740/risk-factors-for-kidney-stones-in-rural-puducherry-case-control-study
#14
Amol R Dongre, M Rajalakshmi, Pradeep R Deshmukh, M R Thirunavukarasu, Ravi Kumar
Introduction: Renal stone is a distressing chronic condition which is getting common across the world. The rigorous evidence on multiple risk factors of kidney stone from a single study is limited. Aim: To find out the social and dietary risk factors responsible for the occurrence of kidney stone in a local community in rural Puducherry, India. Materials and Methods: It was a hospital-based unmatched case-control study. Based on existing information, a sample of 70 cases and 140 controls was calculated and considered adequate...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205054/best-practices-protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-bulbar-dysfunction-summary-recommendations-from-the-neals-bulbar-subcommittee-symposium
#15
Gary L Pattee, Emily K Plowman, Benjamin R Brooks, James D Berry, Nazem Atassi, Jennifer L Chapin, Kendrea Garand, Yana Yunusova, Courtney E Mcilduff, Eufrosina Young, John M Costello, Eric A Macklin, Eduardo R Locatelli, Vincenzo Silani, Daragh Heitzman, James Wymer, Stephen A Goutman, Deborah F Gelinas, Richard Smith, Bridget Perry, Paige Nalipinski, Kaila Stipancic, Meghan O'Brien, Stacey L Sullivan, Jordan Green
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this Symposium was to develop a consensus based, bulbar assessment protocol for implementation within NEALS clinics. METHODS: A one-day symposium, held in April 2017, was organized into Speech and Swallowing sections to establish summary recommendations for the assessment of bulbar dysfunction within each group. RESULTS: Summary recommendations included speech referrals and AAC evaluations at initial visit, CNS-BFS, maximum sustained phonation, and speaking rate...
December 5, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204852/european-antibiotic-awareness-day-2017-training-the-next-generation-of-health-care-professionals-in-antibiotic-stewardship
#16
Lenneke Schrier, Adamos Hadjipanayis, Stefano Del Torso, Tom Stiris, Marieke Emonts, Hans Juergen Dornbusch
Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) aims to optimise treatment, minimise the risk of adverse effects and reduce health care costs. In addition, it is recognised as a key component to stop the current spread of antimicrobial resistance in Europe. Educational programmes are particularly important for the successful implementation of AMS. Training should start during medical school, continue during clinical training and be reinforced throughout postgraduate training. National core curricula for paediatric training should include passive and active training of competencies needed for AMS and future paediatricians should be skilled in taking leadership roles in AMS initiatives...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202428/factors-influencing-participation-of-psychiatry-inpatients-in-clinical-trials
#17
Nandeeshwar Reddy Mopuru, Sam Padamadan Jose, Biju Viswanath, C Naveen Kumar, Suresh Bada Math, Jagadisha Thirthalli
Serious concerns have arisen in recent years regarding the unethical and illegal practices resorted to during clinical trials. Clinical trials in psychiatry are further complicated by issues such as 'validity of consent' and 'decision making capacity' of patients. This study was planned to explore the factors determining patient participation in clinical trials. A random sample of 123 consenting psychiatry inpatients were provided the information and consent-form of a hypothetical clinical drug trial. They were interviewed regarding their decision, the decision maker and factors that led to the decision...
November 29, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202097/targeted-community-based-interventions-improved-malaria-management-competencies-in-rural-ghana
#18
Isabella A Quakyi, George O Adjei, David J Sullivan, Judith K Stephens, Amos Laar, Vivian N Ama Aubyn, Richmond Owusu, Kwame S Sakyi, Nathaniel Coleman, Francis D Krampa, Linda Vanotoo, Julliette Tuakli, Bernard B Bortei, Edward Essuman, Felix Sorvor, Isaac A Boateng, Constance Bart-Plange, Ebenezer A Addison, Peter Winch, Andrew A Adjei
Background: Malaria is one of the most challenging public health concerns in the developing world. To address its impact in endemic regions, several interventions are implemented by stakeholders. The Affordable Medicine Facility-malaria (AMFm) is an example of such interventions. Its activities include communication interventions to enhance the knowledge of caregivers of children under five years, licensed chemical sellers (LCS) and prescribers on malaria management with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT)...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201949/prevention-messages-in-parent-infant-bed-sharing-message-source-credibility-and-effectiveness
#19
Jillian E Austin, Chad J Nashban, Jennifer J Doering, W Hobart Davies
Objective. Despite educational outreach, bed-sharing prevalence is rising. Mothers' and fathers' bed-sharing practices, prevention message source, perceived source credibility, and the effectiveness of the prevention message were evaluated. Methods. Data were collected from 678 community parents via an online survey. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics and phi tests. Results. Bed-sharing reasons focused on comfort and ease. Mothers were more likely to receive prevention messages from individual professionals or organizations, whereas fathers were more likely to hear prevention messages from spouses/coparents and grandfathers...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200253/the-role-of-implementation-and-communication-of-mantra-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-program-in-improving-public-health-in-odisha-state-india
#20
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Provision of safe drinking water is the main strategy to reduce the number of water-borne diseases. The Government of India has declared its commitment towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals and universal sanitation coverage in the country by the year 2022. Indian NGO Gram Vikas offers a solution to this task through its flagship WASH program MANTRA. It focuses on water and sanitation as an entry point for integrated village development. METHODS: The case study from Haradango village (Odisha state, India) investigates the effectiveness of MANTRA program by identifying key principles of this Gram Vikas' flagship programme and by analysing an impact of its implemenation and communication on public health of Haradango villagers...
November 4, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
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