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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793061/microstructural-imaging-of-the-human-brain-with-a-super-scanner-10-key-advantages-of-ultra-strong-gradients-for-diffusion-mri
#1
D K Jones, D C Alexander, R Bowtell, M Cercignani, F Dell'Acqua, D J McHugh, K L Miller, M Palombo, G J M Parker, U S Rudrapatna, C M W Tax
The key component of a microstructural diffusion MRI 'super-scanner' is a dedicated high-strength gradient system that enables stronger diffusion weightings per unit time compared to conventional gradient designs. This can, in turn, drastically shorten the time needed for diffusion encoding, increase the signal-to-noise ratio, and facilitate measurements at shorter diffusion times. This review, written from the perspective of the National Facility for In Vivo MR Imaging of Human Tissue Microstructure, an initiative to establish a shared 300 mT/m-gradient facility amongst the microstructural imaging community, describes ten advantages of ultra-strong gradients for microstructural imaging...
May 21, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792780/cardiovascular-screening-practices-and-attitudes-from-the-ncaa-autonomous-power-5-conferences
#2
Christopher W Miars, Andreas Stamatis, Grant B Morgan, Jonathan A Drezner
BACKGROUND: The development of athlete-specific electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation standards, along with recent rates of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes being higher than previously estimated, has heightened the debate in the sports medicine community regarding cardiovascular screening of the college athlete, including whether certain high-risk subsets, such as male basketball athletes, should undergo more intensive screening. HYPOTHESIS: ECG and/or echocardiography screening in National Collegiate Athletic Association Autonomous 5 Division I (A5DI) schools will be more common than previous reports, and there will be more frequent use of noninvasive cardiac screening for men's basketball players than the general athlete population...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792765/exploring-the-relationship-between-volunteering-and-hospice-sustainability-in-the-uk-a-theoretical-model
#3
Ros Scott, Divya Jindal-Snape, Gaye Manwaring
AIM: To explore the relationship between volunteering and the sustainability of UK voluntary hospices. METHODS: A narrative literature review was conducted to inform the development of a theoretical model. Eight databases were searched: CINAHL (EBSCO), British Nursing Index, Intute: Health and Life Sciences, ERIC, SCOPUS, ASSIA (CSA), Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: A total of 90 documents were analysed. Emerging themes included the importance of volunteering to the hospice economy and workforce, the quality of services, and public and community support...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792597/increasing-plant-diversity-with-border-crops-reduces-insecticide-use-and-increases-crop-yield-in-urban-agriculture
#4
Nian-Feng Wan, You-Ming Cai, Yan-Jun Shen, Xiang-Yun Ji, Xiang-Wen Wu, Xiang-Rong Zheng, Wei Cheng, Jun Li, Yao-Pei Jiang, Xin Chen, Jacob Weiner, Jie-Xian Jiang, Ming Nie, Rui-Ting Ju, Tao Yuan, Jian-Jun Tang, Wei-Dong Tian, Hao Zhang, Bo Li
Urban agriculture is making an increasing contribution to food security in large cities around the world. The potential contribution of biodiversity to ecological intensification in urban agricultural systems has not been investigated. We present monitoring data collected from rice fields in 34 community farms in mega-urban Shanghai, China, from 2001 to 2015, and show that the presence of a border crop of soybeans and neighboring crops (maize, eggplant and Chinese cabbage), both without weed control, increased invertebrate predator abundance, decreased the abundance of pests and dependence on insecticides, and increased grain yield and economic profits...
May 24, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792479/-fewer-but-not-weaker-understanding-the-intersectional-identities-among-chinese-immigrant-young-gay-men-in-toronto
#5
Yu-Te Huang, Lin Fang
Sexual minorities of color in North America are frequently defined as a "double minority" group. Intersectionality theory has inspired investigations into how different forms of marginalization intersect to shape the lives of people with multiple minority statuses. In this constructivist grounded theory study, 18 Chinese immigrant gay men between 18 and 28 years of age participated in a semistructured individual interview to narrate their lived experiences in relation to their intersectional identities...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792063/integrating-childhood-obesity-resources-into-the-patient-centered-medical-home-provider-perspectives-in-the-united-states
#6
Samareh G Hill, Thao-Ly T Phan, George A Datto, Jobayer Hossain, Lloyd N Werk, Diane Abatemarco
Pediatric primary care providers play a critical role in managing obesity yet often lack the resources and support systems to provide effective care to children with obesity. The objective of this study was to identify system-level barriers to managing obesity and resources desired to better managing obesity from the perspective of pediatric primary care providers. A 64-item survey was electronically administered to 159 primary care providers from 26 practices within a large pediatric primary care network. Bivariate analyses were performed to compare survey responses based on provider and practice characteristics...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791946/global-health-pediatric-neurology
#7
David R Bearden, Ornella Ciccone, Archana A Patel
Neurologic disorders contribute significantly to both morbidity and mortality among children in resource-limited settings, but there are a few succinct studies summarizing the epidemiology of neurologic disorders in these settings. A review of available literature was performed to identify data on the prevalence, etiology, outcomes, and treatment of neurologic disorders in children in resource-limited settings. The burden of neurologic disorders in children is high in resource-limited settings. Barriers to optimal care include lack of trained personnel, limited access to diagnostic technology, and limited availability of drugs used to treat common conditions...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791466/understanding-health-advocacy-in-family-medicine-and-psychiatry-curricula-and-practice-a-qualitative-study
#8
Sophie Soklaridis, Carrie Bernard, Genevieve Ferguson, Lisa Andermann, Mark Fefergrad, Kenneth Fung, Karl Iglar, Andrew Johnson, Morag Paton, Cynthia Whitehead
BACKGROUND: We explored understanding and experiences of health advocacy among psychiatry and family medicine residents and faculty and the implications for clinical care and teaching through the lens of relationship-centred care. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in the psychiatry and family medicine departments at a large urban university. We interviewed 19 faculty members and conducted two focus groups with 18 residents. Semi-structured questions explored the relational meaning of health advocacy, how residents and faculty learned about the role and ethical considerations involved in incorporating advocacy work into clinical practice within a relationship-centred care framework...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791310/ways-of-knowing-as-a-framework-for-developing-reflective-practice-among-nursing-students
#9
T Diane Campbell, Kelly Penz, Marie Dietrich-Leurer, Karen Juckes, Kathy Rodger
Abstract Background:Nursing students face the challenge of developing a comprehensive understanding of the complex role of the registered nurse across various clinical settings. Frameworks such as the "ways of knowing", help students conceptualize and critically reflect upon important processes in their professional learning. However, the academic language used to describe frameworks can be challenging. PURPOSE: This manuscript has two purposes. First, to briefly describe the historical climate influencing the development of nursing as a discipline...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790942/exposing-the-science-in-citizen-science-fitness-to-purpose-and-intentional-design
#10
Julia K Parrish, Hillary Burgess, Jake F Weltzin, Lucy Fortson, Andrea Wiggins, Brooke Simmons
Citizen science is a growing phenomenon. With millions of people involved and billions of in-kind dollars contributed annually, this broad extent, fine grain approach to data collection should be garnering enthusiastic support in the mainstream science and higher education communities. However, many academic researchers demonstrate distinct biases against the use of citizen science as a source of rigorous information. To engage the public in scientific research, and the research community in the practice of citizen science, a mutual understanding is needed of accepted quality standards in science, and the corresponding specifics of project design and implementation when working with a broad public base...
May 21, 2018: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790826/free-clinics-and-the-need-for-nursing-action-in-uncertain-political-times
#11
Marie Ghazal, Betty Rambur
Free clinics have been a source of health care for uninsured and low-income Americans for half a century and serve some of the nation's most vulnerable within their home community. Despite parallels to nursing's significant involvement in the formation of free public clinics and commitment to care for all, there is paucity of nursing literature about free clinics. This article details the history of U.S. free clinics and the intersections among free clinics and value-based care, health reform, and tax reform, including the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790658/faculty-development-for-junior-health-professionals
#12
Annette Burgess, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The need for faculty development programmes designed to help junior health professionals fulfill their multiple roles, across various institutions, is widely acknowledged. Such programmes are usually logistically difficult for hospital clinicians to access, however, and are discipline based. In 2017, we collaborated with four health care faculties to develop a blended learning, interprofessional faculty development programme that was up to date, relevant, and accessible to clinicians working in the hospital and university settings...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790421/facilitators-and-barriers-to-oncologists-conduct-of-goals-of-care-conversations
#13
Dena Schulman-Green, Jenny J Lin, Cardinale B Smith, Shelli Feder, Nina A Bickell
INTRODUCTION: Goals of care (GoC) conversations optimally begin early in the course of cancer care, yet most happen near the end of life. We sought to describe oncologist-reported facilitators of and barriers to GoC conversations with patients who have advanced cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We conducted individual, semistructured qualitative interviews with oncologists from 4 academic, community, municipal, and rural hospitals in New York and Connecticut. Interview topics included approach to GoC conversations, facilitators, barriers, and organizational influences...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790393/assistive-technology-policy-a-position-paper-from-the-first-global-research-innovation-and-education-on-assistive-technology-great-summit
#14
Malcolm MacLachlan, David Banes, Diane Bell, Johan Borg, Brian Donnelly, Michael Fembek, Ritu Ghosh, Rosie Gowran, Emma Hannay, Diana Hiscock, Evert-Jan Hoogerwerf, Tracey Howe, Friedbert Kohler, Natasha Layton, Siobhán Long, Hasheem Mannan, Gubela Mji, Thomas Odera Ongolo, Katherine Perry, Cecilia Pettersson, Jessica Power, Vinicius Delgado Ramos, Lenka Slepičková, Emma Smith, Kiu Tay-Teo, Priscille Geiser, Hilary Hooks
Increased awareness, interest and use of assistive technology (AT) presents substantial opportunities for many citizens to become, or continue being, meaningful participants in society. However, there is a significant shortfall between the need for and provision of AT, and this is patterned by a range of social, demographic and structural factors. To seize the opportunity that assistive technology offers, regional, national and sub-national assistive technology policies are urgently required. This paper was developed for and through discussion at the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit; organized under the auspices of the World Health Organization's Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) program...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789482/the-social-basis-of-vaccine-questioning-and-refusal-a-qualitative-study-employing-bourdieu-s-concepts-of-capitals-and-habitus
#15
Katie Attwell, Samantha B Meyer, Paul R Ward
This article is an in-depth analysis of the social nature of vaccine decision-making. It employs the sociological theory of Bourdieu and Ingram to consider how parents experience non-vaccination as a valued form of capital in specific communities, and how this can affect their decision-making. Drawing on research conducted in two Australian cities, our qualitative analysis of new interview data shows that parents experience disjuncture and tugs towards 'appropriate' forms of vaccination behavior in their social networks, as these link to broader behaviors around food, school choices and birth practices...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789257/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-exploring-the-potential-for-expanding-the-role-of-pharmacists-in-public-health
#16
Olihe Okoro, Lisa Hillman
OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were to a) assess knowledge and experience; b) describe perceptions and attitudes; and c) identify training needs of community-based pharmacists regarding HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The survey was administered online to pharmacists practicing in a community setting in the state of Minnesota. OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures included knowledge of and experience with HIV PrEP, perceptions and attitudes towards pharmacists' involvement, and HIV PrEP-specific training needs for pharmacists...
May 19, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788914/nutrition-care-practices-of-primary-care-providers-for-weight-management-in-multidisciplinary-primary-care-settings-in-ontario-canada-a-qualitative-study
#17
Stephanie Aboueid, Ivy Bourgeault, Isabelle Giroux
BACKGROUND: Despite the recommended guidelines on addressing diet for the management and prevention of obesity in primary care, the literature highlights that their implementation has been suboptimal. In this paper, we provide an in-depth understanding of current nutrition-related weight management practices of primary care providers (PCPs) working in relatively new multidisciplinary health care settings in Ontario. METHODS: Three types of multidisciplinary primary care settings were included (2 Family Health Teams, 3 Community Health Centres and 1 Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinic)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788822/paper-spirits-and-flower-sacrifices-hmong-shamans-in-the-21st-century
#18
Deborah Helsel
INTRODUCTION: Fresno, California, is home to more than 30,000 Hmong. The purpose of this research was to explore the utilization of Hmong shamans 40 years after the first Hmong immigrants arrived in the United States. Hmong shamanism is examined to identify and analyze changes to shamans' practices or patients. METHODS: Using grounded theory, semistructured interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 20 shamans in their homes. Transcribed data were qualitatively analyzed...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788814/advancing-a-model-of-secondary-trauma-consequences-for-victim-service-providers
#19
Colter Ellis, Kelly E Knight
A burgeoning body of scholarship is attempting to understand, normalize, and ameliorate the emotional strain of victim service provision. The literature, however, has yet to fully theorize the hazardous process of empathetic engagement with victims. As a result, concepts, mechanisms, and outcomes are often conflated, making it difficult to understand the etiological path of this occupational risk. The goal of this article is to attend to this gap by accomplishing three objectives. The first is to engage with the perspective of symbolic interaction to theoretically ground a conceptual model of secondary trauma...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788774/the-standardization-of-diagnostic-criteria-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-implications-for-research-clinical-practice-and-population-health
#20
Jasmine M Brown, Roger Bland, Egon Jonsson, Andrew J Greenshaw
OBJECTIVE: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a preventable disorder caused by maternal alcohol consumption and marked by a range of physical and mental disabilities. Although recognized by the scientific and medical community as a clinical disorder, no internationally standardized diagnostic tool yet exists for FASD. METHODS AND RESULTS: This review seeks to analyse the discrepancies in existing diagnostic tools for FASD, and the repercussions these differences have on research, public health, and government policy...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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