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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161642/microbial-diversity-of-consumption-milk-during-processing-and-storage
#1
Davide Porcellato, Marina Aspholm, Siv Borghild Skeie, Marte Monshaugen, Johanne Brendehaug, Hilde Mellegård
Bovine milk contains a complex microbial community that affects the quality and safety of the product. Detailed knowledge of this microbiota is, therefore, of importance for the dairy industry. In this study, the bacterial composition of consumption milk was assessed during different stages in the production line and throughout the storage in cartons by using culturing techniques and 16S rRNA marker gene sequencing. Monthly samples from two dairies were analyzed to capture the seasonal variations in the milk microbiota...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161170/examining-the-implementation-of-collaborative-competencies-in-a-critical-care-setting-key-challenges-for-enacting-competency-based-education
#2
Joanne Goldman, Simon Kitto, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional collaboration is recognised as an important factor in improving patient care in intensive care units (ICUs). Competency frameworks, and more specifically interprofessional competency frameworks, are a key strategy being used to support the development of attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviours needed for an interprofessional approach to care. However, evidence for the application of competencies is limited. This study aimed to extend our empirically based understanding of the significance of interprofessional competencies to actual clinical practice in an ICU...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161155/the-use-of-virtual-communities-of-practice-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-findings-from-an-integrated-review
#3
Clodagh McLoughlin, Kunal D Patel, Tom O'Callaghan, Scott Reeves
The recent growth in online technology has led to a rapid increase in the sharing of health related information globally. Health and social care professionals are now using a wide range of virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) for learning, support, continuing professional education, knowledge management and information sharing. In this article, we report the findings from a review of the literature that explored the use of VCoPs by health and social care professionals to determine their potential for interprofessional education and collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160964/examining-depression-in-patients-on-dialysis
#4
Allison A Treadwell
This study measured the prevalence of depression in 39 patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in two urban outpatient facilities in the southeastern United States. Additionally, it evaluated the number of patients who sought and scheduled a mental health evaluation after screening and education. The prevalence of mild to severely depressed individuals among participants in this study was 36%, affirming previous findings of depressive symptoms in the ESRD population. Results suggest that patients with ESRD are at a higher risk for depression than the general population...
July 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160843/public-and-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-binge-eating-disorder-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Deborah Lynn Reas
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors for weight control. BED is prevalent in men and women, is associated with elevated psychosocial and functional impairment, and is associated strongly with obesity and related medical comorbidities. The aim is to provide a brief, state-of-the-art review of the major and recent findings to inform educational and awareness campaigns, stigma reduction interventions, as well as current clinical practice and future research...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160549/a-need-for-standardization-in-visual-acuity-measurement
#6
Hina Patel, Nathan Congdon, Glenn Strauss, Charles Lansingh
Standardization of terminologies and methods is increasingly important in all fields including ophthalmology, especially currently when research and new technology are rapidly driving improvements in medicine. This review highlights the range of notations used by vision care professionals around the world for vision measurement, and the challenges resulting from this practice. The global community is urged to move toward a uniform standard.
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160186/the-impact-of-urban-gardens-on-adequate-and-healthy-food-a-systematic-review
#7
Mariana T Garcia, Silvana M Ribeiro, Ana Claudia Camargo Gonçalves Germani, Cláudia M Bógus
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts on food and nutrition-related outcomes resulting from participation in urban gardens, especially on healthy food practices, healthy food access, and healthy food beliefs, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: The systematic review identified studies by searching the PubMed, ERIC, LILACS, Web of Science and Embase databases. An assessment of quality and bias risk of the studies was carried out and a narrative summary was produced. SETTING: Studies published as original articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals in English, Spanish or Portuguese between 2005 and 2015 were included...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159520/moral-dilemmas-of-community-pharmacists-a-narrative-study
#8
Martine Kruijtbosch, Wilma Göttgens-Jansen, Annemieke Floor-Schreudering, Evert van Leeuwen, Marcel L Bouvy
Background Pharmacists are increasingly involved in patient care. This new role in a complex healthcare system with demanding patients may lead to moral dilemmas. There has been little research into pharmacy ethics, and existing data are limited by their retrospective nature and small sample sizes. A thematic overview of the moral dilemmas experienced by community pharmacists is still missing. Objective To make a thematic overview of moral dilemmas experienced in daily pharmacy practice. Setting Dutch community pharmacy...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159016/intimate-partner-violence-discussions-in-the-healthcare-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Alexa L Swailes, Erik B Lehman, Jennifer S McCall-Hosenfeld
In 2013, the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended routine intimate partner violence (IPV) screening for reproductive-age women. Given the increased attention paid to IPV on a national scale, and broader recognition of its social and physical implications, we sought to characterize the discussions resulting from routine IPV screening-specifically regarding provider response and patient perceptions. In a cross-sectional analysis, we implemented a survey to examine outcomes of IPV screening, including use of guideline-concordant discussion topics and interventions, as well as patient perception of the encounters...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158946/introduction-to-the-movement-system-as-the-foundation-for-physical-therapist-practice-education-and-research
#10
Lisa Saladin, Michael Voight
In 2013, the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) adopted an inspiring new vision, "Transforming society by optimizing movement to improve the human experience." This new vision for our profession calls us to action as physical therapists to transform society by using our skills, knowledge, and expertise related to the movement system in order to optimize movement, promote health and wellness, mitigate the progression of impairments, and prevent the development of (additional) disability. The guiding principle of the new vision is "identity," which can be summarized as "The physical therapy profession will define and promote the movement system as the foundation for optimizing movement to improve the health of society...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158896/factors-associated-with-minimal-meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-practices-among-infants-and-young-children-in-the-predominantly-agrarian-society-of-bale-zone-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Mekonnen Tegegne, Semere Sileshi, Tomas Benti, Mulusew Teshome, Haile Woldie
Background: Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the first 2 years of age are among major causes of childhood malnutrition, in developing countries including Ethiopia. It results in irreversible outcomes of stunting, poor cognitive development, and significantly increases risks of many chronic and infectious diseases. This study was intended to assess factors associated with minimum meal frequency and minimum dietary diversity practice among children aged 6-23 months in the predominantly agrarian society of Bale zone, Southeast Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158721/knowledge-of-community-pharmacists-about-the-risks-of-medication-use-during-pregnancy-in-central-region-of-saudi-arabia
#12
Ziyad Alrabiah, Mohamed N Al-Arifi, Sultan M Alghadeer, Syed Wajid, Ali AlQahtani, Naif Almotari, AbdAllh AlHwerani, Salmeen D Babelghaith
Background: Community pharmacists (CPs) are the most accessible health care provider to the public, and they have huge duties to improve medication use especially among the pregnant women in their community. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge of CPs about the medication safety during pregnancy. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey was carried out over practicing community pharmacists in a capital of Saudi Arabia (SA). Pharmacists were asked about the safety of each medicine during pregnancy...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158660/empowering-one-community-at-a-time-for-policy-system-and-environmental-changes-to-impact-obesity
#13
Katrina Betancourt, Andrea Ridgway, Joy Rockenbach, Sequoya Eady, Joanice Thompson, Lori Brand Bateman, Mona N Fouad, Yu-Mei M Schoenberger
Objective: This article describes Mayors Mentoring Mayors (3M), an initiative of the Arkansas Coalition for Obesity Prevention (ArCOP), which expanded to five states to become the signature community initiative of the Mid-South Transdisciplinary Collaborative Center (Mid-South TCC) for Health Disparities Research. Methods: The 3M program is an extension of the Growing Healthy Communities (GHC) program, which sought to build capacity within communities to reduce obesity by implementing policy, system and environmental (PSE) changes that support healthy living...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158653/incentivizing-fruit-and-vegetable-purchasers-at-fresh-markets-in-lower-9th-ward-new-orleans
#14
Rashida Ferdinand, Rosamar Torres, Jennifer Scott, Imran Saeed, Richard Scribner
Objective: Disparities in fruit and vegetable consumption have been observed across income and race-ethnicity and shown to be associated with both access to fresh food venues and price. This study assesses the feasibility of increasing produce consumption by incentivizing fruit and vegetable purchases at local markets. Design: We conducted analyses of a cross-sectional survey of program participants and point-of-sale reports on fruit and vegetable purchases at the fresh food markets...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157932/-find-your-1-prevalence-and-mortality-of-a-community-cohort-of-people-with-advanced-chronic-disease-and-palliative-needs
#15
Carles Blay, Joan Carles Martori, Esther Limón, Ramon Oller, Laura Vila, Xavier Gómez-Batiste
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and profiles of people with advanced chronic diseases in Primary Care and to analyse the elements related to their mortality in order to orient strategies for improvement in this level of care. DESIGN: An observational, analytical and prospective study during 3 years conducted on a cohort of patients with palliative needs. LOCATION: Three Primary Care teams of Osona (Catalonia). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 251 people identified as advanced patients using a systematic population-based strategy that included the NECPAL tool...
November 17, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157642/engaging-the-community-in-the-process-of-changing-school-start-times-experience-of-the-cherry-creek-school-district
#16
Lisa J Meltzer, Janise McNally, Amy E Plog, Scott A Siegfried
Despite growing evidence of the positive impact of later school start times on adolescent health and academic outcomes, relatively few districts have changed start times due to concerns about transportation, child care, and athletics/extracurricular activities. This paper provides a case study of the Cherry Creek School District's (CCSD) successful efforts to change start times. The CCSD is a diverse district with an enrollment of almost 55,000 students in suburban Denver. As part of CCSD's strategic plan, a multi-disciplinary task force was formed to examine the impact of start times on student achievement, and recommend a start time schedule driven by best practices on adolescent sleep patterns, balanced with family and community needs...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157568/providing-primary-care-using-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-model-what-clinicians-have-learned
#17
Cynthia S Selleck, Matthew Fifolt, Heidi Burkart, Jennifer Sandson Frank, William A Curry, Lisle S Hites
This article details a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) model that was developed to provide primary care to a medically indigent population in Birmingham, Alabama. Funding to develop and implement this project came from a federal Nurse Education, Practice, Quality and Retention award to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, with additional support coming from the UAB Hospital and Health System. The clinic is housed within a local community-based, non-profit organization and all services, including supplies and pharmaceuticals, are provided free of charge to this vulnerable population...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157259/a-qualitative-exploration-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-contraceptive-use-abortion-and-post-abortion-family-planning-services-pafp-in-three-provinces-in-china
#18
Yan Che, Esther Dusabe-Richards, Shangchun Wu, Yi Jiang, Xiaojing Dong, Jian Li, Wei-Hong Zhang, Marleen Temmerman, Rachel Tolhurst
BACKGROUND: The INPAC project aims to evaluate the effectiveness of integrated post-abortion family planning (PAFP) services into existing hospital based abortion services in China. A qualitative study was conducted in three provinces to contribute to developing effective PAFP services through understanding influences on contraceptive use, experiences of abortion and existing PAFP, and their effect on future contraceptive practices from the perspective of users, in the context of social and institutional change...
November 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157177/critical-and-systematic-evaluation-of-data-for-estimating-human-exposures-to-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-2-4-d-quality-and-generalizability
#19
Judy S LaKind, Carol J Burns, Daniel Q Naiman, Cian O'Mahony, Giulia Vilone, Annette J Burns, Joshua S Naiman
The herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) has been commercially available since the 1940's. Despite decades of data on 2,4-D in food, air, soil, and water, as well as in humans, the quality the quality of these data has not been comprehensively evaluated. Using selected elements of the Biomonitoring, Environmental Epidemiology, and Short-lived Chemicals (BEES-C) instrument (temporal variability, avoidance of sample contamination, analyte stability, and urinary methods of matrix adjustment), the quality of 156 publications of environmental- and biomonitoring-based 2,4-D data was examined...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157055/haptotherapy-as-a-new-intervention-for-treating-fear-of-childbirth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Gert A Klabbers, Klaas Wijma, K Marieke Paarlberg, Wilco H M Emons, Ad J J M Vingerhoets
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of haptotherapy on severe fear of childbirth in pregnant women. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community midwifery practices and a teaching hospital in the Netherlands. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Primi- and multigravida, suffering from severe fear of childbirth (N = 134). METHODS: Haptotherapy, psycho-education via Internet and care as usual were randomly assigned at 20-24 weeks of gestation and the effects were compared at 36 weeks of gestation and 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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