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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340193/addressing-structural-barriers-to-hiv-care-among-triply-diagnosed-adults-project-bridge-oakland
#1
Christina Powers, Megan Comfort, Andrea M Lopez, Alex H Kral, Owen Murdoch, Jennifer Lorvick
People who are "triply diagnosed" with HIV, mental health issues, and substance-related disorders face tremendous barriers connecting to and remaining in HIV care. Authors of this article implemented Project Bridge Oakland (PBO), an intervention based on harm reduction and trauma-informed care, to help maintain continuity of care for triply diagnosed adults through cycles of criminal justice involvement. From August 2011 to December 2014, a clinical social worker and an HIV physician provided intensive case management for 19 clients living in Oakland, California...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340092/community-based-effectiveness-trials-as-a-means-to-disseminate-evidence-based-and-culturally-responsive-behavioral-health-interventions
#2
Flavio F Marsiglia, Patricia Dustman, Mary Harthun, Chelsea Coyne Ritland, Adriana Umaña-Taylor
This article adds to the existing knowledge about innovative community-based approaches used to reduce and eliminate behavioral health disparities. Special attention is given to culturally appropriate interventions that increase access to care and that improve the quality of behavioral health services across different geographic regions and communities. Effectiveness trials are presented as appropriate tools to translate existing efficacious interventions into real-world settings. This article describes how to transition from efficacy to effectiveness, including factors essential to consider from the perspectives of university-based research teams and community-based organizations (CBOs)...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340086/real-world-massage-therapy-produces-meaningful-effectiveness-signal-for-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-results-of-a-repeated-measures-cohort-study
#3
William G Elder, Niki Munk, Margaret M Love, Geza G Bruckner, Kathryn E Stewart, Kevin Pearce
Objective.:  While efficacy of massage and other nonpharmacological treatments for chronic low back pain is established, stakeholders have called for pragmatic studies of effectiveness in "real-world" primary health care. The Kentucky Pain Research and Outcomes Study evaluated massage impact on pain, disability, and health-related quality of life for primary care patients with chronic low back pain. We report effectiveness and feasibility results, and make comparisons with established minimal clinically important differences...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339799/no-longer-invisible-understanding-the-psychosocial-impact-of-skin-color-stratification-in-the-lives-of-african-american-women
#4
J Camille Hall
This article examines how skin color stratification, termed "colorism," affects the psychological well-being of African American women. Previous research has shown that the experience of colorism is pervasive within the black community and that black women have been culturally or personally affected by intraracial discrimination. This article describes a qualitative study that used focus groups to investigate the experiences of black women that were categorized according to their self-ascribed skin tone group...
February 27, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339547/effectiveness-of-the-strengthening-families-programme-10-14-in-poland-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
David R Foxcroft, Howard Callen, Emma L Davies, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn
: The Strengthening Families Programme for youth aged 10-14 and parents/carers (SFP10-14) is a family-based prevention intervention with positive results in trials in the United States. We assessed the effectiveness of SFP10-14 for preventing substance misuse in Poland. : Cluster randomized controlled trial with 20 communities (511 families; 614 young people) were allocated to SFP10-14 or a control arms. Primary outcomes were alcohol, smoking and other drug use. Secondary outcomes included parenting practices, parent-child relations, and child problem behaviour...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339460/evaluating-implementation-of-a-fire-prevention-injury-prevention-briefing-in-children-s-centres-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Toity Deave, Adrian Hawkins, Arun Kumar, Mike Hayes, Nicola Cooper, Michael Watson, Joanne Ablewhite, Carol Coupland, Alex Sutton, Gosia Majsak-Newman, Lisa McDaid, Trudy Goodenough, Kate Beckett, Elaine McColl, Richard Reading, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Many developed countries have high mortality rates for fire-related deaths in children aged 0-14 years with steep social gradients. Evidence-based interventions to promote fire safety practices exist, but the impact of implementing a range of these interventions in children's services has not been assessed. We developed an Injury Prevention Briefing (IPB), which brought together evidence about effective fire safety interventions and good practice in delivering interventions; plus training and facilitation to support its use and evaluated its implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339321/a-systematic-review-on-community-based-interventions-for-elder-abuse-and-neglect
#7
Gwendolyn Fearing, Christine L Sheppard, Lynn McDonald, Marie Beaulieu, Sander L Hitzig
Elder abuse and neglect is a societal issue that requires prevention and intervention strategies at the practice and policy level. A systematic review on the efficacy of community-based elder abuse interventions was undertaken to advance the state of knowledge in the field. The peer-reviewed literature between 2009 and December 2015 were searched across four databases. Two raters independently reviewed all articles, assessed their methodological quality and used a modified Sackett Scale to assign levels of evidence...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339144/australian-and-new-zealand-pulmonary-rehabilitation-guidelines
#8
Jennifer A Alison, Zoe J McKeough, Kylie Johnston, Renae J McNamara, Lissa M Spencer, Sue C Jenkins, Catherine J Hill, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter Frith, Paul Cafarella, Michelle Brooke, Helen L Cameron-Tucker, Sarah Candy, Nola Cecins, Andrew S L Chan, Marita T Dale, Leona M Dowman, Catherine Granger, Simon Halloran, Peter Jung, Annemarie L Lee, Regina Leung, Tamara Matulick, Christian Osadnik, Mary Roberts, James Walsh, Sally Wootton, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Guidelines (Guidelines) is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the practice of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) specific to Australian and New Zealand healthcare contexts. METHODS: The Guideline methodology adhered to the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II criteria. Nine key questions were constructed in accordance with the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format and reviewed by a COPD consumer group for appropriateness...
March 24, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338407/optimizing-a-retention-strategy-with-young-people-for-brightlight-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-examining-the-value-of-specialist-cancer-care-for-young-people
#9
Rachel M Taylor, Natasha Aslam, Sarah Lea, Jeremy S Whelan, Lorna A Fern
PURPOSE: To maximize retention of participants in a longitudinal cohort study, we sought to understand young peoples' views about barriers and facilitators to continuing study participation. METHODS: Ten young people with a previous cancer diagnosis aged 15-24 participated in a 1 day workshop. The workshop used participatory methodology consisting of three exercises as follows: role play/scene setting; force field analysis of research participation in small groups; and focus group discussion...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338242/what-can-community-pharmacy-learn-from-the-experiences-of-transition-to-practice-for-novice-doctors-and-nurses-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Esnath Magola, Sarah C Willis, Ellen I Schafheutle
OBJECTIVES: In the absence of literature reporting the transition experiences of novice community pharmacists, peer-reviewed evidence on the transition experiences of novice doctors and nurses was identified and reviewed. Specific objectives included identifying the challenges to transition and their perceived impact, before considering the implications for novice community pharmacists. METHODS: The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and ScienceDirect were searched for full peer-reviewed original research papers published 1990-March 2015, reporting the transition experiences of novice doctors and nurses...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337931/utilizing-nutritional-genomics-to-tailor-diets-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-guide-for-upcoming-studies-and-implementations
#11
Dolores Corella, Oscar Coltell, George Mattingley, José V Sorlí, Jose M Ordovas
Personalized diets based on an individual's genome to optimize the success of dietary intervention and reduce genetic cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, is one of the challenges most frequently discussed in the scientific community. Areas covered: The authors gathered literature-based evidence on nutritional genomics and CVD phenotypes, our own results and research experience to provide a critical overview of the current situation of using nutritional genomics to tailor diets for CVD prevention and to propose guidelines for future studies and implementations...
March 24, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337843/exploring-the-role-of-the-dental-hygienist-in-reducing-oral-health-disparities-in-canada-a-qualitative-study
#12
J Farmer, S Peressini, H P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: Reducing oral health disparities has been an ongoing challenge in Canada with the largest burden of oral disease exhibited in vulnerable populations, including Aboriginal people, the elderly, rural and remote residents, and newcomers. Dental hygienists are a unique set of professionals who work with and within communities, who have the potential to act as key change agents for improving the oral health of these populations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the dental hygiene perspective, the role of dental hygienists in reducing oral health disparities in Canada...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337567/novel-16s-rdna-primers-revealed-the-diversity-and-habitats-related-community-structure-of-sphingomonads-in-10-different-niches
#13
Yili Huang, Hao Feng, Hang Lu, Yanhua Zeng
It is believed that sphingomonads are ubiquitously distributed in environments. However detailed information about their community structure and their co-relationship with environmental parameters remain unclear. In this study, novel sphingomonads-specific primers based on the 16S rRNA gene were designed to investigate the distribution of sphingomonads in 10 different niches. Both in silico and in-practice tests on pure cultures and environmental samples showed that Sph384f/Sph701r was an efficient primer set...
March 23, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337038/pilot-study-of-methods-for-assessing-unmet-secondary-health-care-need-in-new-zealand
#14
Philip Bagshaw, Susan Bagshaw, Christopher Frampton, Robin Gauld, Terri Green, Charlotte Harris, Andrew Hornblow, Ben Hudson, Antony Raymont, Ann Richardson, Carl Shaw, Les Toop
AIMS: In this pilot study, the primary aim was to compare four potential methods for undertaking a national survey of unmet secondary healthcare need in New Zealand (one collecting data from GPs, and three from community surveys). The secondary aim was to obtain an estimate of the prevalence of unmet secondary healthcare need, to inform sample size calculations for a national survey. METHODS: An electronic system was set up for GPs in Christchurch (Pegasus PHO) and Auckland (Auckland PHO) to record cases of unmet need as encountered in clinics...
March 24, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336742/current-and-potential-providers-of-blood-pressure-self-screening-a-mixed-methods-study-in-oxfordshire
#15
A C Tompson, S G Fleming, C J Heneghan, R J McManus, S M Greenfield, F D R Hobbs, A M Ward
OBJECTIVES: To (1) establish the extent of opportunities for members of the public to check their own blood pressure (BP) outside of healthcare consultations (BP self-screening), (2) investigate the reasons for and against hosting such a service and (3) ascertain how BP self-screening data are used in primary care. DESIGN: A mixed methods, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary care and community locations in Oxfordshire, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 325 sites were surveyed to identify where and in what form BP self-screening services were available...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336240/what-s-the-evidence-self-assessment-implications-for-life-long-learning-in-emergency-medicine
#16
Margaret Wolff, Sally A Santen, Laura R Hopson, Robin R Hemphill, Susan E Farrell
BACKGROUND: The 2012 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, "Education Research in Emergency Medicine: Opportunities, Challenges, and Strategies for Success" noted that emergency medicine (EM) educators often rely on theory and tradition when molding their approaches to teaching and learning, and called on the EM education community to advance the teaching of our specialty through the performance and application of research in teaching and assessment methods, cognitive function, and the effects of education interventions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335820/exploring-the-tensions-of-being-and-becoming-a-medical-educator
#17
Ahsan Sethi, Rola Ajjawi, Sean McAleer, Susie Schofield
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified tensions medical faculty encounter in their roles but not specifically those with a qualification in medical education. It is likely that those with postgraduate qualifications may face additional tensions (i.e., internal or external conflicts or concerns) from differentiation by others, greater responsibilities and translational work against the status quo. This study explores the complex and multi-faceted tensions of educators with qualifications in medical education at various stages in their career...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335771/understanding-the-motivations-of-health-care-providers-in-performing-female-genital-mutilation-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Marie-Hélène Doucet, Christina Pallitto, Danielle Groleau
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional harmful practice that can cause severe physical and psychological damages to girls and women. Increasingly, trained health-care providers carry out the practice at the request of families. It is important to understand the motivations of providers in order to reduce the medicalization of FGM. This integrative review identifies, appraises and summarizes qualitative and quantitative literature exploring the factors that are associated with the medicalization of FGM and/or re-infibulation...
March 23, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335519/translating-developmental-origins-improving-the-health-of-women-and-their-children-using-a-sustainable-approach-to-behaviour-change
#19
Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Tannaze Tinati, Christina Vogel, Sofia Strömmer, Taylor Rose, Rufia Begum, Megan Jarman, Jenny Davies, Sue Thompson, Liz Taylor, Hazel Inskip, Cyrus Cooper, Don Nutbeam, Wendy Lawrence
Theories of the developmental origins of health and disease imply that optimising the growth and development of babies is an essential route to improving the health of populations. A key factor in the growth of babies is the nutritional status of their mothers. Since women from more disadvantaged backgrounds have poorer quality diets and the worst pregnancy outcomes, they need to be a particular focus. The behavioural sciences have made a substantial contribution to the development of interventions to support dietary changes in disadvantaged women...
March 20, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334988/attitudes-and-lifestyle-changes-following-jog-your-mind-results-from-a-multi-factorial-community-based-program-promoting-cognitive-vitality-among-seniors
#20
Sophie Laforest, Agathe Lorthios-Guilledroit, Kareen Nour, Manon Parisien, Michel Fournier, Dave Ellemberg, Danielle Guay, Charles-Émile Desgagnés-Cyr, Nathalie Bier
This study examined the effects on attitudes and lifestyle behavior of Jog your Mind, a multi-factorial community-based program promoting cognitive vitality among seniors with no known cognitive impairment. A quasi-experimental study was conducted. Twenty-three community organizations were assigned either to the experimental group (offering the program) or to the control group (creating a waiting list). They recruited 294 community-dwelling seniors. The aims of the study were to verify the effects of the program on attitudes and behaviors related to cognitive vitality and to explore its effects on cognitive vitality...
February 27, 2017: Health Education Research
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