keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

autophagy and heat shock protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438359/effects-of-17%C3%AE-estradiol-on-mitophagy-in-the-murine-mc3t3-e1-osteoblast-cell-line-is-mediated-via-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-and-the-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#1
Xiaoqi Sun, Xuhao Yang, Yuyan Zhao, Yinan Li, Lei Guo
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is associated with 17β-estradiol deficiency. The G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) is known to be an estrogen-responsive receptor, but its role in the degradation of mitochondria in osteoblasts by autophagy, or mitophagy, remains unclear. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of 17β-estradiol, GPR30, and its signaling pathway, on mitophagy in the murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cell line. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cell line, cells were treated with 17β-estradiol, or G15, a selective GPR30 antagonist, or U0126, a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (ERK1/2) inhibitor, or with vehicle as control...
February 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436590/17%C3%AE-estradiol-protects-ins-1-insulinoma-cells-from-mitophagy-via-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptors-and-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#2
Liang Zhang, Yuyan Zhao, Lei Guo
17β-estradiol (17β-E2) is a steroid hormone that is known to exert effects on blood glucose homeostasis. The G protein‑coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) has been identified as a non-genomic estrogenic receptor, and is involved in numerous physiological processes, including cell survival, energy provision and metabolism. 17β-E2 may decrease apoptosis by binding to the GPER. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway is involved in physiological and pathological functions such as autophagy...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416717/phosphorylated-heat-shock-protein-27-as-a-potential-biomarker-to-predict-the-role-of-chemotherapy-induced-autophagy-in-osteosarcoma-response-to-therapy
#3
Janice M Santiago-O'Farrill, Eugenie S Kleinerman, Mario G Hollomon, Andrew Livingston, Wei-Lien Wang, Jen-Wei Tsai, Nancy B Gordon
Autophagy is a catabolic process involved in cellular homeostasis. Autophagy is increased above homeostatic levels by chemotherapy, and this can either promote or inhibit tumor growth. We previously demonstrated that aerosol gemcitabine (GCB) has a therapeutic effect against osteosarcoma (OS) lung metastases. However, some tumor cells failed to respond to the treatment and persisted as isolated lung metastasis. Here, we examined the mechanisms underlying the dual role of chemotherapy-induced autophagy in OS and sought to identify biomarkers to predict OS response to treatment...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416003/the-antitumor-natural-product-tanshinone-iia-inhibits-protein-kinase-c-and-acts-synergistically-with-17-aag
#4
Chao Lv, Hua-Wu Zeng, Jin-Xin Wang, Xing Yuan, Chuang Zhang, Ting Fang, Pei-Ming Yang, Tong Wu, Yu-Dong Zhou, Dale G Nagle, Wei-Dong Zhang
Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA), the primary bioactive compound derived from the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, has been reported to possess antitumor activity. However, its antitumor mechanisms are not fully understood. To resolve the potential antitumor mechanism(s) of Tan IIA, its gene expression profiles from our database was analyzed by connectivity map (CMAP) and the CMAP-based mechanistic predictions were confirmed/validated in further studies. Specifically, Tan IIA inhibited total protein kinase C (PKC) activity and selectively suppressed the expression of cytosolic and plasma membrane PKC isoforms ζ and ε...
February 7, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409895/bcl-2-associated-athanogene-3-bag3-is-an-enhancer-of-small-heat-shock-protein-turnover-via-activation-of-autophagy-in-the-heart
#5
Yui Inomata, Shouta Nagasaka, Kazuki Miyate, Yuta Goto, Chizuru Hino, Chihiro Toukairin, Rieko Higashio, Kinji Ishida, Tomoyuki Saino, Masamichi Hirose, Hideki Tsumura, Atsushi Sanbe
Bcl-2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3) is strongly expressed in both cardiac and skeletal muscle. A recent study showed that BAG3 may play a protective role in muscles. Little is known, however, regarding the detailed role of BAG3 in cardiac muscle. To better understand the functional role of cardiac BAG3 in the heart, we generated transgenic (TG) mice that overexpress BAG3. A decrease in fractional shortening, and the induction of cardiac atrial natriuretic peptide, were observed in BAG3 TG mice. Moreover, a marked reduction in the protein level of small HSPs was detected in BAG3 TG mouse hearts...
January 31, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408731/neuronal-specific-impairment-of-heparan-sulfate-degradation-in-drosophila-reveals-pathogenic-mechanisms-for-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-iiia
#6
Dani L Webber, Amanda Choo, Laura J Hewson, Paul J Trim, Marten F Snel, John J Hopwood, Robert I Richards, Kim M Hemsley, Louise V O'Keefe
Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA) is a lysosomal storage disorder resulting from the deficit of the N-sulfoglucosamine sulfohydrolase (SGSH) enzyme that leads to accumulation of partially-degraded heparan sulfate. MPS IIIA is characterized by severe neurological symptoms, clinically presenting as Sanfilippo syndrome, for which no effective therapy is available. The lysosomal SGSH enzyme is conserved in Drosophila and we have identified increased levels of heparan sulfate in flies with ubiquitous knockdown of SGSH/CG14291...
February 1, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361800/heat-shock-proteins-and-autophagy-pathways-in-neuroprotection-from-molecular-bases-to-pharmacological-interventions
#7
REVIEW
Botond Penke, Ferenc Bogár, Tim Crul, Miklós Sántha, Melinda E Tóth, László Vígh
Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease (HD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and prion diseases are all characterized by the accumulation of protein aggregates (amyloids) into inclusions and/or plaques. The ubiquitous presence of amyloids in NDDs suggests the involvement of disturbed protein homeostasis (proteostasis) in the underlying pathomechanisms. This review summarizes specific mechanisms that maintain proteostasis, including molecular chaperons, the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation (ERAD), and different autophagic pathways (chaperon mediated-, micro-, and macro-autophagy)...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351515/understanding-key-mechanisms-of-exercise-induced-cardiac-protection-to-mitigate-disease-current-knowledge-and-emerging-concepts
#8
Bianca C Bernardo, Jenny Y Y Ooi, Kate L Weeks, Natalie L Patterson, Julie R McMullen
The benefits of exercise on the heart are well recognized, and clinical studies have demonstrated that exercise is an intervention that can improve cardiac function in heart failure patients. This has led to significant research into understanding the key mechanisms responsible for exercise-induced cardiac protection. Here, we summarize molecular mechanisms that regulate exercise-induced cardiac myocyte growth and proliferation. We discuss in detail the effects of exercise on other cardiac cells, organelles, and systems that have received less or little attention and require further investigation...
January 1, 2018: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348836/vitexin-confers-hsf-1-mediated-autophagic-cell-death-by-activating-jnk-and-apol1-in-colorectal-carcinoma-cells
#9
Monika Bhardwaj, Souren Paul, Rekha Jakhar, Imran Khan, Ji In Kang, Ho Min Kim, Jong Won Yun, Seon-Jin Lee, Hee Jun Cho, Hee Gu Lee, Sun Chul Kang
Heat shock transcription factor-1 (HSF-1) guards the cancerous cells proteome against the alterations in protein homeostasis generated by their hostile tumor microenvironment. Contrasting with the classical induction of heat shock proteins, the pro-oncogenic activities of HSF-1 remains to be explored. Therefore, cancer's fragile proteostatic pathway governed by HSF-1 could be a potential therapeutic target and novel biomarker by natural compounds. Vitexin, a natural flavonoid has been documented as a potent anti-tumor agent on various cell lines...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346421/the-absence-of-specific-yeast-heat-shock-proteins-leads-to-abnormal-aggregation-and-compromised-autophagic-clearance-of-mutant-huntingtin-proteins
#10
Ryan Higgins, Marie-Helene Kabbaj, Alexa Hatcher, Yanchang Wang
The functionality of a protein depends on its correct folding, but newly synthesized proteins are susceptible to aberrant folding and aggregation. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) function as molecular chaperones that aid in protein folding and the degradation of misfolded proteins. Trinucleotide (CAG) repeat expansion in the Huntingtin gene (HTT) results in the expression of misfolded Huntingtin protein (Htt), which contributes to the development of Huntington's disease. We previously found that the degradation of mutated Htt with polyQ expansion (Htt103QP) depends on both ubiquitin proteasome system and autophagy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331499/hspb7-is-a-cardioprotective-chaperone-facilitating-sarcomeric-proteostasis
#11
Emily J Mercer, Yi-Fan Lin, Leona Cohen-Gould, Todd Evans
Small heat shock proteins are chaperones with variable mechanisms of action. The function of cardiac family member Hspb7 is unknown, despite being identified through GWAS as a potential cardiomyopathy risk gene. We discovered that zebrafish hspb7 mutants display mild focal cardiac fibrosis and sarcomeric abnormalities. Significant mortality was observed in adult hspb7 mutants subjected to exercise stress, demonstrating a genetic and environmental interaction that determines disease outcome. We identified large sarcomeric proteins FilaminC and Titin as Hspb7 binding partners in cardiac cells...
January 10, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305989/the-immune-response-of-mytilus-edulis-hemocytes-exposed-to-vibrio-splendidus-lgp32-strain-a-transcriptomic-attempt-at-identifying-molecular-actors
#12
Marion Tanguy, Sophie Gauthier-Clerc, Jocelyne Pellerin, Jean-Michel Danger, Ahmed Siah
The marine mussel Mytilus edulis, tolerant to a wide range of environmental changes, combines a key role as a sentinel species for environmental monitoring programs and a significant economic importance. Mortality events caused by infective agents and parasites have not been described in mussels, which suggests an efficient immune system. This study aims at identifying the molecular mechanisms involved in the early immune responses M. edulis' hemocytes challenged with Vibrio splendidus LGP32 strain during 2, 4 and 6 h...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298131/a-systematic-review-of-p53-regulation-of-oxidative-stress-in-skeletal-muscle
#13
Kaitlyn Beyfuss, David A Hood
BACKGROUND: p53 is a tumor suppressor protein involved in regulating a wide array of signaling pathways. The role of p53 in the cell is determined by the type of imposed oxidative stress, its intensity and duration. The last decade of research has unravelled a dual nature in the function of p53 in mediating the oxidative stress burden. However, this is dependent on the specific properties of the applied stress and thus requires further analysis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed following an electronic search of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect databases...
January 3, 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237347/pregnancy-history-influences-the-level-of-autophagy-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-pregnant-women
#14
Aswathi Jayaram, Tomi Kanninen, Giovanni Sisti, Steven R Inglis, Nurah Morgan, Steven S Witkin
OBJECTIVE: Maternal immune responses are altered during pregnancy and differ between nulliparous and multiparous women. The influence of a prior gestation on autophagy in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from pregnant women has not been determined and is the subject of this investigation. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from 212 pregnant women and immediately lysed in the presence of protease inhibitors, and the extent of autophagy was determined by quantitation of the concentration of p62 (sequestosome-1) in the lysates by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233876/molecular-control-of-chaperone-mediated-autophagy
#15
REVIEW
Steve Catarino, Paulo Pereira, Henrique Girão
Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) is a selective form of autophagy in which cytosolic proteins bearing a pentapeptide motif biochemically related to the KFERQ sequence, are recognized by the heat shock protein family A member 8 (HSPA8) chaperone, delivered to the lysomal membrane, and directly translocated across the lysosomal membrane by a protein complex containing lysosomal associated membrane protein 2a (Lamp2a). Since its discovery over two decades ago, the importance of this pathway in cell proteostasis has been made increasingly apparent...
December 12, 2017: Essays in Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219022/effectiveness-of-radiofrequency-hyperthermia-for-treating-cartilage-in-guinea-pigs-with-primary-osteoarthritis
#16
Kenji Takahashi, Hiroshi Nakamura, Hitoshi Ozawa, Sanshiro Hashimoto, Norio Iijima, Shimpei Higo, Hiroshi Watanabe, Yusuke Mochizuki, Shinro Takai
Objective Autophagy was reported to be essential for maintaining chondrocyte function, and reduced autophagy leads to osteoarthritis (OA). Previous studies showed involvement of heat shock stress in the control of autophagy in cells. This study sought to investigate the effect of hyperthermia on the expression of autophagy-related proteins in articular cartilage and the progression of naturally occurring OA in Hartley guinea pigs. Design Radiofrequency pulses of 13.56 MHz were applied to the animals' knees for 20 minutes to induce hyperthermia...
January 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203718/dnaj-proteins-in-neurodegeneration-essential-and-protective-factors
#17
REVIEW
Christina Zarouchlioti, David A Parfitt, Wenwen Li, Lauren M Gittings, Michael E Cheetham
Maintenance of protein homeostasis is vitally important in post-mitotic cells, particularly neurons. Neurodegenerative diseases such as polyglutamine expansion disorders-like Huntington's disease or spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA), Alzheimer's disease, fronto-temporal dementia (FTD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson's disease-are often characterized by the presence of inclusions of aggregated protein. Neurons contain complex protein networks dedicated to protein quality control and maintaining protein homeostasis, or proteostasis...
January 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203716/immune-tolerance-therapies-for-autoimmune-diseases-based-on-heat-shock-protein-t-cell-epitopes
#18
REVIEW
Willem van Eden
Experimental models of autoimmune diseases have revealed the disease protective role of heat shock proteins (HSPs). Both the administration of exogenous extracellular, mostly recombinant, HSP and the experimental co-induction of endogenous intracellular HSP in models have been shown to lead to production of disease protective regulatory T cells (Tregs). Similar to HSP taken up from extracellular bodily fluids, due to stress-related autophagy upregulated HSP also from intracellular sources is a major provider for the major histocompatibility class II (MHCII) ligandome; therefore, both extracellular and intracellular HSP can be prominent targets of Treg...
January 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200947/hspb8-promotes-the-fusion-of-autophagosome-and-lysosome-during-autophagy-in-diabetic-neurons
#19
Xiao-Cheng Li, Qi-Kuan Hu, Ling Chen, Si-Yang Liu, Shi Su, Hong Tao, Lin-Na Zhang, Tao Sun, Lan-Jie He
Although autophagy has been proposed to play an emerging role in diabetic neuropathy, autophagy and its possible role remains unclear. Moreover, only few studies about diabetes have explored the autophagy mediated by heat shock protein beta-8 (HSPB8) and Bcl-2 associated athanogene 3 (BAG3). In the present study, we examined the autophagy induced by high glucose levels in an in vivo rat model of diabetes induced by streptozotocin (STZ) and an in vitro model of retinal ganglion cell-5 (RGC5) cells under high glucose conditions...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187525/humanin-is-an-endogenous-activator-of-chaperone-mediated-autophagy
#20
Zhenwei Gong, Inmaculada Tasset, Antonio Diaz, Jaime Anguiano, Emir Tas, Lingguang Cui, Regina Kuliawat, Honghai Liu, Bernhard Kühn, Ana Maria Cuervo, Radhika Muzumdar
Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) serves as quality control during stress conditions through selective degradation of cytosolic proteins in lysosomes. Humanin (HN) is a mitochondria-associated peptide that offers cytoprotective, cardioprotective, and neuroprotective effects in vivo and in vitro. In this study, we demonstrate that HN directly activates CMA by increasing substrate binding and translocation into lysosomes. The potent HN analogue HNG protects from stressor-induced cell death in fibroblasts, cardiomyoblasts, neuronal cells, and primary cardiomyocytes...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
keyword
keyword
57100
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"