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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338212/management-of-temporomandibular-disorders-by-ministry-of-public-health-dentists-in-central-thailand
#1
Supang Chanton, Supranee Vicheinnet, Chanchai Hosanguan, Wantanee Mutirangura
Very little is known about the ability of dentists to diagnose and treat temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). The aims of this study were to investigate whether dentists in Central Thailand diagnosed TMD subcategories before initiating treatment for TMDs and to explore the frequency of corresponding treatments. METHODS: A questionnaire covering TMD management was developed and posted to all Ministry of Public Health dentists (n = 969) in Central Thailand. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics...
March 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337048/validity-of-a-new-kit-measuring-salivary-lactate-dehydrogenase-level-for-screening-gingivitis
#2
Daisuke Ekuni, Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Kota Kataoka, Aya Yokoi, Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Hirofumi Mizuno, Hisataka Miyai, Yoko Uchida, Daiki Fukuhara, Yoshio Sugiura, Takaaki Tomofuji, Manabu Morita
Aim. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of a new kit that can evaluate salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LD) level in real time for screening gingivitis. Materials and Methods. The study included 70 systemic healthy volunteers [29 males and 41 females; mean age ± SD: 24.1 ± 2.6 years]. Resting saliva was collected from each participant and LD level was evaluated in real time using the kit (a color-changing sheet with an integer scale ranging from 1 to 10). A dentist measured probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and the proportion of sites with bleeding on probing (% BOP) at six sites on all teeth...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337012/preparedness-of-undergraduate-dental-students-in-the-united-kingdom-a-national-study
#3
K Ali, A Slade, E Kay, D Zahra, C Tredwin
Aims To evaluate the self-perceived preparedness of final year dental undergraduate students in the United Kingdom.Methods Dental undergraduate students in their final year were invited by email through the Dental Schools Council (DSC) to provide their responses to an online preparedness assessment scale. The data analysis was carried out using the RUMM2030 software which is specifically designed for Rasch analysis, a measurement model based on item response theory.Results Students felt adequately prepared to carry out simple clinical procedures and communication skills...
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336319/influence-of-gender-of-the-teaching-staff-on-students-acceptance-of-a-virtual-implant-planning-course
#4
Emeka Nkenke, Elefterios Vairaktaris, Hans-Günter Schaller, Christos Perisanidis, Stephan Eitner
Acceptance of new technology is influenced by a number of situational and social factors. So far, only limited data are available on the influence of the teaching staff's gender on the acceptance of virtual dental implant planning by students. This study aimed at assessing the influence of the teaching staff's gender on the acceptance of a virtual implant planning course by male and female undergraduate dental students and their general attitude toward implantology. Two groups of third-year dental students (group 1, 9 males, 22 females; group 2, 12 males, 20 females) attended a virtual dental implant planning course...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335762/oral-cancer-awareness-among-dental-patients-in-omdurman-sudan-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Tasneem Mohammed Babiker, Khansa Awad Alkareem Osman, Safa Abdelrawf Mohamed, Matab Abdalrhaman Mohamed, Hatim Mohammed Almahdi
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a preventable disease. Its occurrence is mostly due to lifestyle. In Sudan, the use of smokeless tobacco (Toombak) has long been linked to oral cancer. Knowledge of the signs and symptoms of oral cancer may well aid in early diagnosis and treatment. This is bound to result in increasing survival rates, as well as reducing the oral cancer burden on the society. This study aimed to assess oral cancer awareness regarding knowledge of signs, symptoms, risk factors and sources of the information...
March 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334058/benchmarking-outcomes-in-implant-prosthodontics-partial-fixed-dental-prostheses-and-crowns-supported-by-implants-with-a-turned-surface-over-10-to-28-years-at-the-university-of-toronto
#6
Asbjørn Jokstad, Anne M Gussgard, Joseph Fava, Mark Lin, Babak Shokati, Eszter Somogyi-Ganss, Brenton Winnett, Mohammed Zahran
PURPOSE: The aim of this noninterventional, retrospective study was to benchmark the outcomes of patients with partial fixed prostheses supported by implants treated at the University of Toronto at least 10 years earlier. A study protocol for assessing outcomes on like patients developed at the University of Bern, Switzerland, was followed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who had received at least one implant before 2002 were considered eligible to be included in the study (n = 298)...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331126/self-reported-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-dentists-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Zainah Al-Shehri, Mustafa Al-Zoughool
Musculoskeletal disorders are very common in the dental practice. This cross-sectional study assessed the nature and prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) and their associated risk factors among dentists in three types of clinics in Riyadh. A structured, self-administered questionnaire about demographic characteristics, nature of work, and prevalence and frequency of MS was completed by 274 male and 241 female dentists. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to determine the association of MS with a number of important variables...
March 22, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328599/burkitt-lymphoma-in-adult-with-atypical-clinical-presentation-primarily-involving-the-oral-soft-tissue
#8
Natália Galvão Garcia, Moacyr Tadeu Vicente Rodrigues, Rodrigo Queiroz Aleixo, Denise Tostes Oliveira
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the second most common neoplasm of the head and neck after squamous cell carcinoma. However, it accounts for only 3.5% of all malignancies of the oral cavity. Oral lesions are often a component of disseminated disease process that may involve regional lymph nodes or may at times represent the primary extra nodal form of the disease. Although, isolated oral lymphoma in adults is extremely rare, this paper presents a patient with Burkitt lymphoma in an adult male with atypical clinical presentation primarily involving the oral soft tissue...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326724/-research-progress-on-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws
#9
Pan Jian, Wang Qizhang, Liu Jiyuan
Bisphosphonates (BPs), as potent drugs inhibiting bone resorption, have been widely used for treatment of several diseases. In recent years, dentists and oral and maxillofacial surgeons reported continuously increasing cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ). This disease is clinically characterized by exposed bones, formation of sequestrum, pain, and halitosis. Provided that pathogenesis of BRONJ is unclear, effective treatments for this disease are currently unavailable. Thus, prevention plays an important role in the management of BRONJ...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326720/-novel-peer-instruction-oriented-dental-school-education
#10
Liu Chengcheng, Zhou Xuedong, Xu Xin
Peer instruction is one of the best recognized teaching methods in the world. In this study, we aim to discuss the necessity and feasibility of applying peer instruction to the current dental school education with respect to the specialty features of stomatology in China. We also propose a new paradigm of teaching based on peer instruction for the development of a more effective system to train elite dentists and meet the increasing needs of the society for oral health.
October 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326413/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-dental-treatment-after-prosthetic-joint-replacement-exploring-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-s-opinion
#11
Clare M McNally, Renuka Visvanathan, Sharon Liberali, Robert J Adams
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis before dental treatment is routinely recommended by orthopaedic surgeons to prevent prosthetic joint infection (PJI). This recommendation is at odds with current guidelines. METHODS: A postal survey of 9 checkbox or short-answer questions was completed by 633 orthopaedic surgeons. RESULTS: The majority of respondents (n = 186 of 260, 72%) believe that antibiotic prophylaxis is required indefinitely for dental treatment...
September 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323590/the-ecology-of-medical-care-among-israeli-military-aviators
#12
Barak Gordon, Yuval Levy, Tal Yemini, Erez Carmon, Yifat Erlich, Doron Hermoni
BACKGROUND: The ecology of medical care model has been used in various populations with varying results. We aimed to apply this model in the population of Israeli Air Force (IAF) aviators. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was presented to all Israeli Air Force aviators during their mandatory yearly check-up over 1 yr starting on November 26th, 2012. The questionnaire contained items on demographic, personal, and military details, as well as items on the presence of clinical symptoms, and various health care contacts in the previous month...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322355/restorative-treatment-decisions-in-posterior-teeth-a-systematic-review
#13
Juliana Jobim Jardim, Sandra Henz, Berenice Barbachan E Silva
PURPOSE: To determine the stage of caries in posterior permanent teeth at which dentists decide to intervene invasively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of the literature from January 1980 to November 2015 available in MEDLINEPubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was conducted. The main search terms used were decision-making, restorative treatment, dental caries lesion, occlusal surface, and approximal surface. The inclusion criterion was studies including dentists only...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321850/educational-intervention-about-oral-piercing-knowledge-among-dental-students-and-adolescents-at-schools
#14
Pilar Junco, Rocío Barrios, María José Ruiz, Manuel Bravo
INTRODUCTION: Oral piercing can lead to complications and dentists are in a unique position to detect such complications. The purpose of this study was: (i) to assess the immediate and the long-term effects, on dental students, of a training programme about oral piercing knowledge; and (ii) to assess the immediate effect, on adolescents, of a single educational intervention session about oral piercing. METHODS: A training programme for dental students (n = 66) was carried out in three phases...
March 20, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321602/does-the-sense-of-coherence-modifies-the-relationship-of-oral-clinical-conditions-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#15
Fernanda W Machado, Ana Paula Perroni, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marília L Goettems, Noéli Boscato
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association of demographic and clinical characteristics, Sense of Coherence (SOC), clinical conditions (number of teeth, and use of and need for dental prostheses), and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL); and if the SOC modifies the relationship of clinical conditions and OHRQoL in a sample of elders. METHODS: Trained dentists assessed the participants' oral health and conducted interviews (n = 110)...
March 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317823/-functional-cardiovascular-assessment-in-dentists-performing-local-anesthesia-in-out-patient-settings
#16
S A Rabinovich, S N Razumova, Yu L Vasil'ev
The article presents the results of the cardiovascular changes assessment using electrocardiography (ECG) monitoring during local anesthesia in GP dentists. Selective ECG monitoring was carried out in 60 dentists aged 25-55 years (1 group - 25-34 y.o.; 2 group - 35-44 y.o.; 3 group - 45-55 y.o.) by means of portable «Valens» system. The study of stress index or the index of regulatory systems tension (IT) was conducted for 6 hours in the first day half within 1 working day. IT from 50 to 150 relative units was considered normal...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317819/-correlation-of-chronic-periodontal-disease-and-cardiovascular-disease
#17
A I Grudyanov, O N Tkacheva, T V Avraamova
The aim of the study was to assess correlative risk of progression of inflammatory periodontal lesions, the development of a systemic inflammatory reaction and cardiovascular diseases. The study involved 89 patients with chronic periodontal disease (CPD) of varying degrees. High cardiovascular disease risk was revealed in 8.8% of patients with moderate and 13.3% of patients with severe periodontal disease. It is proved that an additional factor contributing to the pathogenic relationship between periodontal inflammatory changes and the development of cardiovascular disease is systemic inflammatory response with increased hrC-reactive protein >3...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317577/clinical-microbiology-for-the-general-dentist
#18
EDITORIAL
Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Orrett E Ogle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317570/oral-viral-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#19
REVIEW
Earl Clarkson, Fatima Mashkoor, Saif Abdulateef
This article focuses on common viral infections in the oral cavity with associated systemic manifestations. Discussed are the clinical features, histopathology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of viral infections in oral cavity. This will be a useful aid for general practitioners and other dental personnel wanting to expand their pathologic knowledge. This article discusses herpes simplex, varicella zoster, mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, enteroviruses, rubeola, rubella, mumps, and human papillomavirus...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317561/introduction-to-clinical-microbiology-for-the-general-dentist
#20
REVIEW
Thomas E Rams, Arie J van Winkelhoff
Clinical oral microbiology may help dental professionals identify infecting pathogenic species and evaluate their in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility. Saliva, dental plaque biofilms, mucosal smears, abscess aspirates, and soft tissue biopsies are sources of microorganisms for laboratory testing. Microbial-based treatment end points may help clinicians better identify patients in need of additional or altered dental therapies before the onset of clinical treatment failure, and help improve patient oral health outcomes...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
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