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Phosphate food additive

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162105/changing-oxidoreduction-potential-to-improve-water-soluble-yellow-pigment-production-with-monascus-ruber-cgmcc-10910
#1
Tao Huang, Hailing Tan, Fangju Lu, Gong Chen, Zhenqiang Wu
BACKGROUND: Monascus pigments are widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industries due to their safety to human health. Our previous study found that glucose concentration induced extracellular oxidoreduction potential (ORP) changes could influence extracellular water-soluble yellow pigment production by Monascus ruber CGMCC 10910 in submerged fermentation. In this study, H2O2 and dithiothreitol (DTT) were used to change the oxidoreduction potential for investigating the effects of oxidative or reductive substances on Monascus yellow pigment production by Monascus ruber CGMCC 10910...
November 21, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144406/evaluating-differences-in-aluminum-exposure-through-parenteral-nutrition-in-neonatal-morbidities
#2
Megan Fortenberry, Lela Hernandez, Jacob Morton
Aluminum is a common contaminant in many components of parenteral nutrition, especially calcium and phosphate additives. Although long-term effects have been described in the literature, short-term effects are not well-known. Currently, the Food and Drug Administration recommends maintaining aluminum at <5 mcg/kg/day. This was a single center, retrospective case-control study of 102 neonatal intensive care unit patients. Patients were included if they had a diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis, rickets/osteopenia, or seizures and received at least 14 days of parenteral nutrition...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111888/stability-of-don-and-don-3-glucoside-during-baking-as-affected-by-the-presence-of-food-additives
#3
Arnau Vidal, Vicente Sanchis, Antonio J Ramos, Sonia Marín
The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most common mycotoxins of cereals worldwide, and its occurrence has been widely reported in raw wheat. The free mycotoxin form is not the only route of exposure; modified forms can also be present in cereal products. Deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside (DON-3-glucoside) is a common DON plant conjugate. The mycotoxin concentration could be affected by food processing; here, we studied the stability of DON and DON-3-glucoside during baking of small doughs made from white wheat flour and other ingredients...
November 7, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095161/structure-and-function-of-the-thermostable-l-asparaginase-from-thermococcus-kodakarensis
#4
Jingxu Guo, Alun R Coker, Steve P Wood, Jonathan B Cooper, Shahid Mahmood Chohan, Naeem Rashid, Muhummad Akhtar
L-Asparaginases catalyse the hydrolysis of asparagine to aspartic acid and ammonia. In addition, L-asparaginase is involved in the biosynthesis of amino acids such as lysine, methionine and threonine. These enzymes have been used as chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and other haematopoietic malignancies since the tumour cells cannot synthesize sufficient L-asparagine and are thus killed by deprivation of this amino acid. L-Asparaginases are also used in the food industry and have potential in the development of biosensors, for example for asparagine levels in leukaemia...
November 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064180/a-service-review-to-assess-if-innovative-intensive-phosphate-dietary-education-can-help-reduce-phosphate-levels-to-the-recommended-range-in-a-hemodialysis-population
#5
Eileen A Duff, Fiona M Chawke
INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest that hemodialysis (HD) patients are less likely to adhere to phosphate dietary restriction than to potassium, sodium, or fluid restriction. It is particularly important that dietary education is provided appropriately, consistently, and reinforced regularly to encourage compliance with diet and phosphate-binder regimens. Patient awareness of the consequences of a chronically raised phosphate and its treatment is associated with lower serum phosphate levels...
October 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988051/influence-of-lime-and-struvite-on-microbial-community-succession-and-odour-emission-during-food-waste-composting
#6
Xuan Wang, Ammaiyappan Selvam, Sam S S Lau, Jonathan W C Wong
Lime addition as well as formation of struvite through the addition of magnesium and phosphorus salts provide good pH buffering and may reduce odour emission. This study investigated the odour emission during food waste composting under the influence of lime addition, and struvite formation. Composting was performed in 20-L reactors for 56days using artificial food waste mixed with sawdust at 1.2:1 (w/w dry basis). VFA was one of the most important odours during food waste composting. However, during thermophilic phase, ammonia is responsible for max odour index in the exhaust gas...
July 18, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974799/targeting-the-middle-region-of-cp4-epsps-protein-for-its-traceability-in-highly-processed-soy-related-products
#7
Honghong Wu, Xiaofu Wang, Xinghu Zhou, Yihua Zhang, Ming Huang, Jian He, Wenbiao Shen
Transgenic components in genetically modified organisms consist not only of the transgenic genes, but also the transgenic protein. However, compared with transgenic DNA, less attention has been paid to the detection of expressed protein, especially those degraded from genetically modified soybean after food processing. In this study, the full length 5-enolpyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate synthase (CP4-EPSPS, 47.6 kD) protein was probed with the SC-16 (S19-R33) and the DC-16 (D219-K233) polyclonal antibodies in immunoblots...
September 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955125/dietary-phosphate-exacerbates-intestinal-inflammation-in-experimental-colitis
#8
Kohei Sugihara, Masashi Masuda, Mari Nakao, Maerjianghan Abuduli, Yukiko Imi, Naoko Oda, Toshiya Okahisa, Hironori Yamamoto, Eiji Takeda, Yutaka Taketani
The recent widespread consumption of Western diets and food additives worldwide is associated with excessive inorganic phosphate intake. However, researchers have known little about the impact of dietary phosphate intake on the development of inflammatory bowel disease to date. In this study, we investigated the effects of dietary phosphate on intestinal inflammation in experimental colitis. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed different phosphate diets (0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% phosphate) with or without dextran sulfate sodium...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955122/immune-challenge-of-female-great-tits-at-nests-affects-provisioning-and-body-conditions-of-their-offspring
#9
Emilia Grzędzicka
The trade-off between animal's parental reproductive effort and survival is still poorly understood. Parental allocation between the workload during breeding attempts and the parents' own body conditions can be assessed through the offspring quality. Here, I questioned whether the immune responsiveness of female great tits may be considered as a mediator of this trade-off. Specifically, I tested whether (1) the parental reproductive effort decreases, (2) the food composition provided to chicks changes, and (3) whether the nestling immunocompetence and body mass decrease after experimental immunisation...
2017: Acta Ethologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899391/mixomics-analysis-of-bacillus-subtilis-effect-of-oxygen-availability-on-riboflavin-production
#10
Junlang Hu, Pan Lei, Ali Mohsin, Xiaoyun Liu, Mingzhi Huang, Liang Li, Jianhua Hu, Haifeng Hang, Yingping Zhuang, Meijin Guo
BACKGROUND: Riboflavin, an intermediate of primary metabolism, is one kind of important food additive with high economic value. The microbial cell factory Bacillus subtilis has already been proven to possess significant importance for the food industry and have become one of the most widely used riboflavin-producing strains. In the practical fermentation processes, a sharp decrease in riboflavin production is encountered along with a decrease in the dissolved oxygen (DO) tension. Influence of this oxygen availability on riboflavin biosynthesis through carbon central metabolic pathways in B...
September 12, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891014/phosphate-arsenate-relations-to-affect-arsenic-concentration-in-plant-tissues-growth-and-antioxidant-efficiency-of-sunflower-helianthus-annuus-l-under-arsenic-stress
#11
Waqas Azeem, Muhammad Ashraf, Sher Muhammad Shahzad, Muhammad Imtiaz, Mumtaz Akhtar, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan
Relations between phosphate and arsenate are important but inconsistent to influence arsenic (As) phytotoxicity depending on many plant and soil factors. Present research aimed to investigate the phosphate and arsenate interactions in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) grown in alkaline calcareous soil for 18 weeks under natural environmental conditions at three arsenate [0 (As0), 40 (As40), and 80 (As80) mg As kg(-1) soil as sodium arsenate] and three phosphate [0 (P0), 100 (P100), and 200 (P200) mg P2O5 kg(-1) soil as diammonium phosphate] levels...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825541/determination-of-bovine-lactoferrin-in-food-by-hplc-with-a-heparin-affinity-column-for-sample-preparation
#12
Yin Zhang, Fei Lou, Wei Wu, Xin Dong, Jia Ren, Qiuguang Shen
An HPLC method was developed for the quantitative determination of bovine lactoferrin (bLF) in sterilized milk, modified milk, fermented milk, infant formula, adult formula, rice cereal, vitamin function drink, and protein powder products. bLF was first extracted with a phosphate buffer (pH 8), underwent cleanup in a heparin affinity column, and was detected by HPLC with a C4 column and diode-array detector at a wavelength of 280 nm. The proposed method provided a linear detection range of 10.0-1000 μg/mL with an LOD of 0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802130/trends-in-the-recovery-of-phosphorus-in-bioavailable-forms-from-wastewater
#13
REVIEW
Patrick M Melia, Andrew B Cundy, Saran P Sohi, Peter S Hooda, Rosa Busquets
Addressing food security issues arising from phosphorus (P) scarcity is described as one of the greatest global challenges of the 21st Century. Dependence on inorganic phosphate fertilisers derived from limited geological sources of P creates an urgent need to recover P from wastes and treated waters, in safe forms that are also effective agriculturally - the established process of P removal by chemical precipitation using Fe or Al salts, is effective for P removal but leads to residues with limited bioavailability and contamination concerns...
November 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722443/quantum-dot-nanotoxicity-investigations-using-human-lung-cells-and-toxor-electrochemical-enzyme-assay-methodology
#14
Tony O'Hara, Brian Seddon, Andrew O'Connor, Siobhán McClean, Baljit Singh, Emmanuel Iwuoha, Xolile Fuku, Eithne Dempsey
Recent studies have suggested that certain nanomaterials can interfere with optically based cytotoxicity assays resulting in underestimations of nanomaterial toxicity. As a result there has been growing interest in the use of whole cell electrochemical biosensors for nanotoxicity applications. Herein we report application of an electrochemical cytotoxicity assay developed in house (TOXOR) in the evaluation of toxic effects of mercaptosuccinic acid capped cadmium telluride quantum dots (MSA capped CdTe QDs), toward mammalian cells...
January 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704952/the-inhibitory-effect-of-tartary-buckwheat-extracts-on-adipogenesis-and-inflammatory-response
#15
Mak-Soon Lee, Yoonjin Shin, Sunyoon Jung, Seog-Young Kim, Young-Hee Jo, Chong-Tai Kim, Min-Kyu Yun, Sung-Jin Lee, Johann Sohn, Heui-Jong Yu, Yangha Kim
Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) has been established globally as a nutritionally important food item, particularly owing to high levels of bioactive compounds such as rutin. This study investigated the effect of tartary buckwheat extracts (TBEs) on adipogenesis and inflammatory response in 3T3-L1 cells. TBEs inhibited lipid accumulation, triglyceride content, and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity during adipocyte differentiation of 3T3 L1 cells. The mRNA levels of genes involved in fatty acid synthesis, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α (CEBP-α), adipocyte protein 2 (aP2), acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and stearoylcoenzyme A desaturase-1 (SCD-1), were suppressed by TBEs...
July 12, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690304/determination-of-residues-of-phenicol-drugs-in-ayu-plecoglossus-altivelis-by-lc-ms-ms
#16
Tomiaki Minatani, Yuka Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Nagai, Kotaro Goto
An analytical method for the determination of residues of 3 phenicol drugs (chloramphenicol, thiamphenicol and florfenicol) in Ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) by LC-MS/MS was developed. We used the whole body of Ayu, including the bones and internal organs, in addition to muscle. Phenicols were extracted with 90% acetonitrile and an aliquot of the crude extract was cleaned up on a Florisil column (2 g), followed by defatting with n-hexane. The acetonitrile extract was evaporated and the solvent was replaced with phosphate buffer, then the extract was purified on a hydroxylated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer column (200 mg)...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667635/genetically-modified-phytase-crops-role-in-sustainable-plant-and-animal-nutrition-and-ecological-development-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Chinreddy Subramanyam Reddy, Seong-Cheol Kim, Tanushri Kaul
Globally, plant-derivatives especially cereals and legumes are the major staple food sources for animals. The seeds of these crops comprise of phytic acid, the major repository form of the phosphorus, which is not digestible by simple-stomached animals. However, it is the most important factor responsible for impeding the absorption of minerals by plants that eventually results in less use of fertilizers that ultimately cause eutrophication in water bodies. Although abundant phosphorus (P) exists in the soils, plants cannot absorb most of the P due to its conversion to unavailable forms...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661431/colonization-and-maize-growth-promotion-induced-by-phosphate-solubilizing-bacterial-isolates
#18
Yongbin Li, Xiaomeng Liu, Tianyi Hao, Sanfeng Chen
Phosphorus (P) limits the production of maize, one of the major food crops in China. Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) have the capacity to solubilize phosphate complexes into plant absorbable and utilizable forms by the process of acidification, chelation, and exchange reactions. In this study, six bacteria, including one Paenibacillus sp. B1 strain, four Pseudomonas sp. strains (B10, B14, SX1, and SX2) and one Sphingobium sp. SX14 strain, were those isolated from the maize rhizosphere and identified based on their 16S rRNA sequences...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660192/global-phosphorus-fertilizer-market-and-national-policies-a-case-study-revisiting-the-2008-price-peak
#19
Nikolay Khabarov, Michael Obersteiner
The commodity market super-cycle and food price crisis have been associated with rampant food insecurity and the Arab spring. A multitude of factors were identified as culprits for excessive volatility on the commodity markets. However, as it regards fertilizers, a clear attribution of market drivers explaining the emergence of extreme price events is still missing. In this paper, we provide a quantitative assessment of the price spike of the global phosphorus fertilizer market in 2008 focusing on diammonium phosphate (DAP)...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659517/a-novel-growth-method-for-diatom-algae-in-aquaculture-waste-water-for-natural-food-development-and-nutrient-removal
#20
Xiao-Li Li, Thomas Kiran Marella, Ling Tao, Liang Peng, Chao-Feng Song, Li-Li Dai, Archana Tiwari, Gu Li
Diatom algae are known to play an important role as primary producers in many diverse ecosystems, including artificial aquaculture ponds where they also aid in maintaining water quality by consuming excess nutrients. But factors influencing their growth are still poorly understood. In the present study the effect of micronutrients, N:P ratio and silica concentration on benthic diatom Synedra sp. grown in fish pond waste water was studied along with nutrient removal efficiency. We have studied nine different treatments, of which addition of micronutrient mixture Nualgi along with adjusted N:P to 6:1 resulted in highest cell density, followed by silicate enrichment, whereas only N:P adjustment and Nualgi addition had no significant effect on diatom growth...
June 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
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