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Amitoj S Mehta, Carla A Evans, Grace Viana, Ana Bedran-Russo, Maria Therese S Galang-Boquiren
This study evaluates tensile bond strength (TBS) of metal orthodontic attachments to sandblasted feldspathic porcelain and zirconia with various bonding protocols. Thirty-six (36) feldspathic and 36 zirconia disc samples were prepared, glazed, embedded in acrylic blocks and sandblasted, and divided into three groups according to one or more of the following treatments: hydrofluoric acid 4% (HF), Porcelain Conditioner silane primer, Reliance Assure® primer, Reliance Assure plus® primer, and Z Prime™ plus zirconia primer...
2016: BioMed Research International
Erica Roitero, Federico Lasserre, Marc Anglada, Frank Mücklich, Emilio Jiménez-Piqué
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to generate micrometric linear patterns with different topography on dental grade zirconia by means of UV laser interference and to assess the quality of the produced surface, both in term of the geometry produced and of the surface damage induced in the material. METHODS: The third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (355nm, pulse duration of 10ns and repetition rate of 1Hz) was employed to pattern the surface of 3Y-TZP with micrometric-spaced lines...
October 10, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Fernanda Campos, Rodrigo Oa Souza, Marco A Bottino, Mutlu Özcan
The required connector dimension for zirconia fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) may be a clinical limitation due to limited space in the occlusogingival direction. Using no veneering in the gingival regions of the pontics and connectors may solve this problem. This study evaluated the mechanical durability of zirconia FDPs with and without veneering in the gingival area of the connectors and pontics and subsequent air abrasion of this region with different protocols. Models were made of resin abutments (diameter = 6 or 8 mm, height = 6 mm, 6 degrees convergence) and embedded in polyurethane resin (distance = 11 mm)...
November 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
D Prakashbabu, H B Ramalingam, R Hari Krishna, B M Nagabhushana, R Chandramohan, C Shivakumara, J Thirumalai, Tiju Thomas
Red light emitting cubic Zr0.99Eu0.01O2:Li(+) (0-9 mol%) nanoparticles are synthesized by a low temperature, self-propagating solution combustion method using oxalyl di-hydrazide (ODH) as fuel. In this study, we report systematic investigation of the effect of lithium ion (Li(+)) concentration on the structural properties and the photoluminescence of zirconia. With increasing lithium concentration, the crystallinity of the samples increases and the lattice strain decreases. The higher crystallinity is likely due to charge compensation achieved by replacing one Zr(4+) ion by a Eu(3+) and a Li(+) ion...
October 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Lorena Oliveira Pedroche, Sérgio Rocha Bernardes, Moira Pedroso Leão, Cibele Cândida de Almeida Kintopp, Gisele Maria Correr, Bárbara Pick Ornaghi, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga
The objective of this study was to evaluate the marginal and internal fit of zirconia copings obtained with different digital scanning methods. A human mandibular first molar was set in a typodont with its adjacent and antagonist teeth and prepared for an all-ceramic crown. Digital impressions were made using an intraoral scanner (3Shape). Polyvinyl siloxane impressions and Type IV gypsum models were also obtained and scanned with a benchtop laboratory scanner (3Shape D700). Ten zirconia copings were fabricated for each group using CAD-CAM technology...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Elia Marin, Alfredo Rondinella, Wenliang Zhu, Bryan J McEntire, B Sonny Bal, Giuseppe Pezzotti
The effect of frictional sliding on the surface degradation of commercially available zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) femoral heads was studied using a pin-on-ball wear tester under three different lubricating conditions: dry, water, and squalene. Water and squalene were employed under boundary lubrication regimes. Despite the unique (non-standard) character of this apparatus, standard loading conditions could be applied, which effectively determined dynamic friction coefficients as basic material properties...
September 28, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Armelle Perrichon, Bruno Reynard, Laurent Gremillard, Jérôme Chevalier, Frédéric Farizon, Jean Geringer
Ceramics are materials of choice for hip joint implants because of their excellent biocompatibility and mechanical properties. Wear of the bearing couple (femoral head and cup) remains one of the main concerns of hip implants. Although ceramics are known for their good tribological properties, shocks due to micro-separation, friction and hydrothermal ageing in physiological environment remain the three main sources of wear. It has been recently suggested that shock effects dominate but the three degradation mechanisms were so far simulated separately...
September 19, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Márcia Borba, Maico D de Araújo, Karen A Fukushima, Humberto N Yoshimura, Jason A Griggs, Álvaro Della Bona, Paulo F Cesar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two aging methods (mechanical cycling and autoclave) on the mechanical behavior of veneer and framework ceramic specimens with different configurations (monolithic, two and three-layers). METHODS: Three ceramics used as framework for fixed dental prostheses (YZ-Vita In-Ceram YZ; IZ-Vita In-Ceram Zirconia; AL-Vita In-Ceram AL) and two veneering porcelains (VM7 and VM9) were studied. Bar-shaped specimens were produced in three different designs: monolithic, two layers (porcelain-framework) and three layers (porcelain-framework-porcelain)...
October 7, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Jigang Wang, Wenyan Yin, Xiao He, Qiang Wang, Ming Guo, Shaowei Chen
ZrO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by a vapor-phase hydrolysis process, and characterized in terms of crystalline structures, hardness and microstructures by X-ray diffraction, Vickers hardness test method, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements. Moreover, in vitro cytotoxicity evaluation and hemolysis assay showed that the nanoparticles possessed good biocompatibility. Hardness investigations and AFM measurements indicated that both the sintering temperature and compression force played an important role in determining the physical behaviors (hardness, roughness and density) of flakes of the ZrO2 nanoparticles...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Murat Alkurt, Zeynep Yeşil Duymus, Mustafa Gundogdu
The aim of study was to evaluate the effects of multiple firings on the microstructures of zirconia and two ceramics. Vita VM9 (VMZ) and Cerabien ZR (C-Z) ceramics on a zirconia framework and zirconia without veneering ceramic (WO-Z) were evaluated. Firing methods included firing two, five, and ten times (n=10). The effects of multiple firings on the surface hardness of the materials were evaluated using a Vickers hardness (HV) tester. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). After firing five and ten times, the hardness of VM-Z and C-Z increased significantly (p<0...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
Tim Hilgenfeld, Marcel Prager, Franz Sebastian Schwindling, Alexander Heil, Stefan Kuchenbecker, Peter Rammelsberg, Martin Bendszus, Sabine Heiland
PURPOSE: MRI allows radiation-free imaging of the head and neck area. However, implant-supported prostheses may severely impair image quality due to artefacts. Therefore, identification of preferable material compositions for implants and supported prostheses with little impact on MR image quality is mandatory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, one zirconia and four titanium dental implants were provided with different single crown materials: porcelain-fused-to-metal precious alloy (GP-T), porcelain-fused-to-metal non-precious alloy (CCT-T), porcelain-fused-to-zirconia (ZC-T) and monolithic zirconia (Z-T, Z-Z)...
2016: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Abad-Coronel Cristian, Li Jeanette, Martínez-Rus Francisco, Pradíes Guillermo
Objectives. To evaluate microleakage and absolute marginal discrepancy (AMD) and to assess correlation between AMD and microleakage with four resin luting cements. Material and Methods. 20 extracted human third molars were prepared for full-coverage crowns. 20 zirconia copings were made (LAVA, 3M ESPE) and cemented. Specimens were randomly allocated for each used type of cement into 4 groups, RelyX® (Rx), Multilink® (Mk), PANAVIA 2.1® (P), and Maxcem® (Mx) and immersed in 10% safranin for 72 hours. 20x magnification lenses were used to observe microleakage areas (μm(2)) and images software was used to measure AMD areas (μm)...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
Hee-Kyung Kim, Sung-Hun Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the optical properties of recently marketed pre-colored monolithic zirconia ceramics and to compare with those of veneered zirconia and lithium disilicate glass ceramics. METHODS: Various shades of pre-colored monolithic zirconia, veneered zirconia, and lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens were tested (17.0×17.0×1.5mm, n=5). CIELab color coordinates were obtained against white, black, and grey backgrounds with a spectrophotometer...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
John W Durham, Afsaneh Rabiei
Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) rods were coated via ion beam asssited deposition (IBAD) at room temperature. The coating consists of a two-layer design of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as a heat-protection layer, and hydroxyapatite (HA) as a top layer to increase bioactivity. A rotating substrate holder was designed to deposit an even coating on the cylindrical surface of PEEK rods; the uniformity is verified by cross-sectional measurements using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Deposition is followed by heat treatment of the coating using microwave annealing and autoclaving...
September 15, 2016: Surface & Coatings Technology
Stefan Roehling, Monika Astasov-Frauenhoffer, Irmgard Hauser-Gerspach, Olivier Braissant, Henriette Woelfler, Tuomas Waltimo, Heinz Kniha, Michael Gahlert
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that zirconia might have a reduced bacterial adhesion compared to titanium; however, results from experimental studies are rather controversial. The aim of the present study was to compare biofilm formation on zirconia and titanium implant surfaces using an in vitro 3-species biofilm and human plaque samples. METHODS: Experimental disks made of titanium (Ti-M, Ti-SLA) or zirconia (ZrO2-M, ZrO2-ZLA) with a machined or a sandblasted and acid-etched surface topography were produced...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Baeck Choi, Xuan Dou, Yin Fang, Blayne M Phillips, Peng Jiang
Here we report a simple and scalable soft-lithography-based templating technology for fabricating Au-covered oxide (titania and zirconia) gratings by using DVDs as a structural template. The resulting plasmonic gratings simultaneously exhibit very high surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensitivity (up to ∼940 nm per refractive index unit, nm per RIU) and figure of merit (FOM, up to 62.5). The effects of thermal annealing of the templated oxide gratings on their final plasmonic properties have been systematically investigated by both experiments and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations...
September 21, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
P D Meirelles, Y O Spigolon, M Borba, P Benetti
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the influence of the cooling protocol on the mechanical behavior of Y-TZP veneered with porcelain with different compositions. The tested hypotheses were: (1) Y-TZP infrastructures veneered with porcelain containing leucite in its composition presents higher flexural strength (σ) and reliability (m), and (2) slow cooling protocol results in greater σ and m. METHODS: A total of 120 bilayer porcelain-Y-TZP bar-shaped specimens were prepared with the dimensions of 1...
October 1, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Danilo Gonzaga de França, Maria Helena Morais, Flávio D das Neves, Adriana Fonte Carreiro, Gustavo As Barbosa
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of fabrication methods (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture [CAD/CAM], copy-milling, and conventional casting) in the fit accuracy of three-unit, screw-retained fixed dental prostheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen three-unit implant-supported screw-retained frameworks were fabricated to fit an in vitro model. Eight frameworks were fabricated using the CAD/CAM system, four in zirconia and four in cobalt-chromium...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Lijun Han, Yelena Sapozhnikova, Jessie Matarrita
A novel carbon/zirconia-based material, Supel(TM) QuE Verde, was evaluated in a filter-vial dispersive solid-phase extraction cleanup of pork, salmon, kale, and avocado extracts for the residual analysis of 65 pesticides and 52 environmental contaminants (flame retardants, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) using low-pressure gas chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. An amount of 180 mg sorbent per 0.6 mL extract in filter-vial dispersive solid-phase extraction cleanup was found the optimum in terms of achieving satisfactory removal of co-extractives and recoveries of analytes, especially for structurally planar compounds...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Aida V Rudakova, Maria V Maevskaya, Alexei V Emeline, Detlef W Bahnemann
In recent years many works are aimed at finding a method of controllable switching between hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity of a surface. The hydrophilic surface state is generally determined by its energy. Change in the surface energy can be realized in several different ways. Here we report the ability to control the surface wettability of zirconium dioxide nano-coatings by changing the composition of actinic light. Such unique photoinduced hydrophilic behavior of ZrO2 surface is ascribed to the formation of different active surface states under photoexcitation in intrinsic and extrinsic ZrO2 absorption regions...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
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