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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775856/a-simple-ultrasensitive-electrochemical-sensor-for-simultaneous-determination-of-gallic-acid-and-uric-acid-in-human-urine-and-fruit-juices-based-on-zirconia-choline-chloride-gold-nanoparticles-modified-carbon-paste-electrode
#1
Seyed Alireza Shahamirifard, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Zahra Razmi, Shaaker Hajati
The determination of gallic acid (GA) and uric acid (UA) is essential due to their biological properties. Numerous methods have been reported for the analysis of GA and UA in various real samples. However, the development of a simple, rapid and practical sensor still remains a great challenge. Here, a carbon paste electrode (CPE) was modified by nanocomposite containing zirconia nanoparticles (ZrO2 NPs), Choline chloride (ChCl) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to construct ZrO2 -ChCl-AuNPs/CPE as electrochemical sensor for the simultaneous electro-oxidation of GA and UA...
May 8, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775437/digital-microscopic-evaluation-of-vertical-marginal-discrepancies-of-cad-cam-fabricated-zirconia-cores
#2
Syed Rashid Habib
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro research study was to evaluate the vertical marginal discrepancies of zirconia (Zr) cores fabricated by five different computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems using a digital microscope. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 specimens were prepared and randomly divided into five groups (n=12 each) using the following systems: Ceramill Motion 2 (CM, Amanngirrbach, Germany); Weiland (WI, Ivoclar Vivadent, USA); Cerec (CS, Sirona Dental, USA); Zirkonzahn (ZZ, Gmbh Bruneck, Italy) and Cad4dent (CD, Canada)...
May 18, 2018: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772834/mechanism-of-reduced-sintering-temperature-of-al%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-%C3%A2-zro%C3%A2-nanocomposites-obtained-by-microwave-hydrothermal-synthesis
#3
Iwona Koltsov, Julita Smalc-Koziorowska, Marta Prześniak-Welenc, Maria Małysa, Giora Kimmel, Jessica McGlynn, Alexey Ganin, Swietlana Stelmakh
A novel method to obtain Al₂O₃⁻ZrO₂ nanocomposites is presented. It consists of the co-precipitation step of boehmite (AlO(OH)) and ZrO₂, followed by microwave hydrothermal treatment at 270 °C and 60 MPa, and by calcination at 600 °C. Using this method, we obtained two nanocomposites: Al₂O₃⁻20 wt % ZrO₂ and Al₂O₃⁻40 wt % ZrO₂. Nanocomposites were characterized by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy...
May 17, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772034/three-dimensional-analysis-of-internal-adaptations-of-crowns-cast-from-resin-patterns-fabricated-using-computer-aided-design-computer-assisted-manufacturing-technologies
#4
Yushu Liu, Hongqiang Ye, Yong Wang, Yijao Zhao, Yuchun Sun, Yongsheng Zhou
PURPOSE: To evaluate the internal adaptations of cast crowns made from resin patterns produced using three different computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing technologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A full-crown abutment made of zirconia was digitized using an intraoral scanner, and the design of the crown was finished on the digital model. Resin patterns were fabricated using a fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printer (LT group), a digital light projection (DLP) 3D printer (EV group), or a five-axis milling machine (ZT group)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768832/design-of-sulphate-modified-solid-acid-catalysts-for-transesterification-of-diethyl-malonate-with-benzyl-alcohol
#5
K U Minchitha, H N Hareesh, K Venkatesh, M Shanty, N Nagaraju, N Kathyayini
Sulphate ion modified multiwalled carbon nanotubes (S-CNTs), mesoporous carbon (S-MC), zirconia (S-ZrO2), alumina (S-Al2O3) and silica (S-SiO2) were prepared by wet impregnation technique. The physico-chemical properties of the prepared materials were investigated by Powder-XRD, BET-Surface area and SEM-EDS analysis. Surface acidity of the materials was analyzed using TPD-NH3 and n-butyl amine titration methods. Catalytic activity of these materials was investigated in liquid phase transesterification of diethyl malonate with benzyl alcohol...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765979/influence-of-material-selection-on-the-marginal-accuracy-of-cad-cam-fabricated-metal-and-all-ceramic-single-crown-copings
#6
Matthias Rödiger, Lea Schneider, Sven Rinke
This study evaluated the marginal accuracy of CAD/CAM-fabricated crown copings from four different materials within the same processing route. Twenty stone replicas of a metallic master die (prepared upper premolar) were scanned and divided into two groups. Group 1 ( n = 10) was used for a pilot test to determine the design parameters for best marginal accuracy. Group 2 ( n = 10) was used to fabricate 10 specimens from the following materials with one identical CAD/CAM system (GAMMA 202, Wissner GmbH, Goettingen, Germany): A = commercially pure (cp) titanium, B = cobalt-chromium alloy, C = yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ), and D = leucite-reinforced glass-ceramics...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765899/the-effect-of-continuous-application-of-mdp-containing-primer-and-luting-resin-cement-on-bond-strength-to-tribochemical-silica-coated-y-tzp
#7
Myung-Jin Lim, Mi-Kyung Yu, Kwang-Won Lee
Objectives: This study investigated the effect of continuous application of 10-methacryloyloxydecyldihydrogen phosphate (MDP)-containing primer and luting resin cement on bond strength to tribochemical silica-coated yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP). Materials and Methods: Forty bovine teeth and Y-TZP specimens were prepared. The dentin specimens were embedded in molds, with one side of the dentin exposed for cementation with the zirconia specimen...
May 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763362/fracture-strength-and-precision-of-fit-of-implant-retained-monolithic-zirconia-crowns
#8
Pauliina Moilanen, Jenni Hjerppe, Lippo Lassila, Timo Närhi
OBJECTIVES: To examine fracture strength and precision of fit of screw-retained anterior monolithic zirconia crowns made directly on implants or by cementing on prefabricated titanium bases, and to compare these to industrially produced Procera crowns. . MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monolithic screw-retained implant crowns were produced by CAD/CAM method (Zirkonzahn, Italy) using either partially (PSZ, Prettau, Zirconzahn, Italy) or fully stabilized (FSZ, Prettau Anterior, Zirkonzahn) zirconia...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763360/three-dimensional-finite-element-analisys-of-stress-distribution-in-zirconia-and-titanium-dental-implants
#9
Camilo Andres Villabona, Marco Antônio Amorin Vasco, Edwin Ruales, Karin Apaza Bedoya, Cesar Magalhães Benfatti, Osvaldo Luis Bezzon, Tatiana Miranda Deliberador
Zirconia has been presented as an alternative biomaterial to titanium, commercially presented as a single body implant and / or as an abutment, demonstrating clinically biocompatible favorable results in white and rose aesthetics, However, the amount of long-term in-vivo studies and mechanical tests evaluating the response of stress distribution compared with titanium implants are still limited. The aim of the study was to compare by the finite element method, the principal stresses peaks in the peri implantar bone around titanium and zirconia implants...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763356/chairside-cad-cam-composite-onlays-for-the-restoration-of-primary-molars
#10
Elisabeth Dursun, Aude Monnier-Da Costa, Christian Moussally
After pulp therapy or with multi-surface caries in primary molars, pre-formed stainless steel crowns are usually placed to ensure tooth longevity. Esthetic alternatives, such as zirconia crowns, have been proposed, but they are invasive. Here we describe two cases of chairside computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology used to treat extended and/or deep caries on primary molars. A powder-free chairside CAD/CAM system, a milling unit and machinable high-performance composite blocks were used...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761659/ruthenium-supported-on-high-surface-area-zirconia-as-an-efficient-catalyst-for-the-base-free-oxidation-of-5-hydroxymethylfurfural-to-2-5-furandicarboxylic-acid
#11
Christian M Pichler, Mohammad Ghith Al-Shaal, Dong Gu, Hrishikesh Joshi, Wirawan Ciptonugroho, Ferdi Schüth
Different ZrO2 supported ruthenium catalysts were prepared and utilized in the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) under base-free conditions. Full conversion of HMF and almost perfect selectivity towards FDCA (97%) were achieved after 16 h, using pure O2 as an oxidant and water as a solvent. The catalytic tests show that the size of the Ru particles is crucial for the catalytic performance and that the utilization of high surface area ZrO2 leads to formation of very small Ru particles...
May 15, 2018: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761641/uhplc-ms-ms-method-for-determining-dinotefuran-and-its-main-metabolites-in-samples-of-plants-animal-derived-foods-soil-and-water
#12
Ying Zhang, Xiaohu Wu, Tingting Duan, Jun Xu, Fengshou Dong, Xingang Liu, Xiaogang Li, Pengqiang Du, Yongquan Zheng
An ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry residue method for the quantification and identification of dinotefuran and its main metabolites 1-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-3-furylmethyl) urea and 1-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-3-furylmethyl) guanidine in fruit (watermelon), vegetable (cucumber), cereal (rice), animal-derived foods (milk, egg, and pork), soil and water was developed and validated. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile containing 15% v/v acetic acid and purified with dispersive solid-phase extraction with octadecylsilane, primary secondary amine, graphitized carbon black, or zirconia-coated silica prior to analysis...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758364/effect-of-phototherapy-on-shear-bond-strength-of-resin-cements-to-zirconia-ceramics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-in-vitro-studies
#13
REVIEW
Khulud Abdulrahman Al-Aali
BACKGROUND: The present study systematically reviewed the literature to investigate the effect of phototherapy on the shear bond strength (SBS) of resin cement to zirconia ceramic. METHODS: electronic databases including MEDLINE (PubMed), ISI Web of Science, Scopus, ScIELO, LILACS and EMBASE until April 2018. The addressed focused question was: Does phototherapy increase the SBS of resin cement to zirconia ceramics?" RESULTS: A total of 8 in-vitro studies were included in the qualitative and quantitative analysis...
May 11, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756132/comparison-between-five-cad-cam-systems-for-fit-of-zirconia-copings
#14
Syed Rashid Habib, Asim Khaled Al Otaibi, Talal Ali Al Anazi, Samer Mosleh Al Anazi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in-vitro study was to investigate the marginal and internal fit of zirconia copings fabricated by five CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture) systems. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A typodont mandibular right first molar was prepared according to ideal parameters for a zirconia crown, scanned digitally, and 100 identical resin dies fabricated by 3D printing. Samples were randomly divided into five groups and sent to CAD/CAM systems for zirconia copings (A, Ceramill-Motion 2, Amann Girrbach; B, Weiland, Ivoclar Vivadent; C, Cerec, Ivoclar Vivadent; D, Prettau Zirconia, Zirkonzahn; E, Cad4dent)...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750098/effect-of-surface-treatments-with-acid-solutions-on-the-surface-roughness-of-an-yttrium-tetragonal-zirconia-polycrystal
#15
Frederico Goyatá, Yvna Galvão, Thamyryz-Rafaela Simões, Luiz-Felipe Goyatá, José-Alcides Arruda, Amália Moreno
Background: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of conventional surface treatment with acid solutions on the surface roughness of a zirconia-based ceramic. Material and Methods: Specimens of yttrium-tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) -based ceramic were fabricated (5.0 x 5.0 x 2.0 mm, n=40). The specimens were submitted to the tested surface treatment method and divided into 4 groups (n=10): no treatment-control (GI), airborne 110 µm aluminum oxide particle abrasion for 1 minute-conventional method (GII); etching with 48% hydrofluoric acid for 2 minutes (GIII), and nitric acid/hydrofluoric acid etching for 2 minutes (GIV)...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749031/amphiphilic-block-copolymers-directed-interface-coassembly-to-construct-multifunctional-microspheres-with-magnetic-core-and-monolayer-mesoporous-aluminosilicate-shell
#16
Yu Zhang, Qin Yue, Lei Yu, Xuanyu Yang, Xiu-Feng Hou, Dongyuan Zhao, Xiaowei Cheng, Yonghui Deng
Core-shell magnetic porous microspheres have wide applications in drug delivery, catalysis and bioseparation, and so on. However, it is great challenge to controllably synthesize magnetic porous microspheres with uniform well-aligned accessible large mesopores (>10 nm) which are highly desired for applications involving immobilization or adsorption of large guest molecules or nanoobjects. In this study, a facile and general amphiphilic block copolymer directed interfacial coassembly strategy is developed to synthesize core-shell magnetic mesoporous microspheres with a monolayer of mesoporous shell of different composition, such as core-shell magnetic mesoporous aluminosilicate (CS-MMAS), silica (CS-MMS), and zirconia-silica (CS-MMZS), open and large pores by employing polystyrene-block-poly (4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) as an interface structure directing agent and aluminum acetylacetonate (Al(acac)3 ), zirconium acetylacetonate, and tetraethyl orthosilicate as shell precursors...
May 11, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746449/effects-of-ceramic-density-and-sintering-temperature-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-a-novel-polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-network-zirconia-dental-restorative-filling-material
#17
Weiyan Li, Jian Sun
BACKGROUND Polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network (PICN) dental material is a new and practical development in orthodontics. Sintering is the process of forming a stable solid mass from a powder by heating without melting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sintering temperature on the mechanical properties of a PICN zirconia dental material. MATERIAL AND METHODS A dense zirconia ceramic and four PICN zirconia dental materials, with varying porosities, were sintered at three different temperatures; 12 PICN zirconia dental materials based on these porous ceramics were prepared, as well as a pure polymer...
May 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743385/formation-of-chemical-bonds-on-zirconia-surfaces-with-acidic-functional-monomers
#18
Saiji Shimoe, Isao Hirata, Mai Otaku, Hideo Matsumura, Koichi Kato, Takahiro Satoda
We investigated the chemical interaction between zirconia surfaces and functional monomers using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Two types of zirconia disks cleaned with piranha solution were treated with one of two phosphate primers (Alloy Primer, Clearfil Ceramic Primer) or a carboxylic primer (Super-Bond C&B Monomer), and rinsed 3 times with acetone. XPS analysis revealed that phosphorus was incorporated into zirconia when the surface was treated with a primer containing phosphate monomer (10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate; MDP)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742232/can-low-fusing-glass-application-affect-the-marginal-misfit-and-bond-strength-of-y-tzp-crowns
#19
Monize Carelli Felipe Antunes, Jean Soares Miranda, Ronaldo Luís Almeida de Carvalho, Rodrigo Furtado de Carvalho, Estevão Tomomitsu Kimpara, Rodrigo Othávio de Assunção E Souza, Fabíola Pessôa Pereira Leite
To evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on the marginal misfit and retentive strength between Y-TZP crowns and an epoxy resin. Forty (40) epoxy resin (G10) abutments (height: 5mm, conicity: 60, finish line: large chamfer) with equal dimensions were milled and included in polyurethane to simulate the periodontal ligament. Next, 40 Y-TZP crowns (thickness: 1mm) were milled (Cerec in Lab) and randomly divided into four groups (n=10) according to the surface treatment: GS(glaze spray), GP(glaze powder/liquid), P(zirconia primer) and RS(tribochemical silica coating)...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741238/effect-of-surface-modification-on-in-depth-transformations-and-flexural-strength-of-zirconia-ceramics
#20
Kan Wongkamhaeng, Deborah V Dawson, Julie A Holloway, Isabelle Denry
PURPOSE: Chairside surface adjustments of zirconia dental restorations enhance the toughening stress-induced tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation and domain reorientation by ferro-elastic domain switching (FDS), but also trigger subsurface damage, which could compromise long-term clinical performance. The purpose of this study was to assess the depth of phase transformation, associated FDS, and flexural strength of dental zirconia (BruxZir HT 2.0), after chairside surface treatments...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
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